Office of the Registrar
Faculty of Science (2014/2015)
9.2 Biology

www.mun.ca/biology/Home/

The following undergraduate programs are available in the Department:

  1. Biochemistry and Cell Biology Joint Honours

  2. Biology and Earth Sciences (Geology) Joint Honours

  3. Biology and Psychology Joint Honours

  4. Biology and Psychology (Behavioural Neuroscience) Joint Honours

  5. Biology and Statistics Joint Honours

  6. Major or Honours in Biology

  7. Major or Honours, or Major (Co-operative) or Honours (Co-operative), in Biology (Cell and Molecular)

  8. Major or Honours, or Major (Co-operative) or Honours (Co-operative), in Biology (Ecology and Conservation)

  9. Major or Honours, or Major (Co-operative) or Honours (Co-operative), in Biology (Marine)

  10. Minor in Biology

Details of joint programs are given after the Regulations for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science.

Biology course descriptions are found at the end of the Faculty of Science section under Course Descriptions, Biology.

9.2.1 Entrance Requirements

Entry to the Biology Majors Program is competitive and based on academic standing.

To be considered for admission to the program students must have completed Biology 1001/1002 with an average of at least 65%. In addition, applicants will normally have completed the following courses (or their equivalents) and must have a minimum overall average of 60% in these courses.

  1. English 1080, 1110 or equivalent

  2. Mathematics 1090 and Mathematics 1000 (or Mathematics 1000 only)

  3. Chemistry 1010/1011 (or equivalent) or Physics 1020/1021 (or equivalent )

  4. If Mathematics 1000 taken, any one other first year course.

Chemistry 1010/1011 (or 1050/1051) should be taken in the first year, as it is a prerequisite for other required courses in the programs, and delaying chemistry until second year may make it difficult to complete the program in the normal eight semesters.

9.2.2 Minor in Biology

A minor in Biology will consist of 24 credit hours in Biology courses: 1001 and 1002 (or equivalent) plus any 18 credit hours chosen from the list of Biology courses except Biology 2040, 2041, 2120, and 3053. The choice of courses must be made in consultation with the Head of Biology or delegate and it is recommended (but not required) that students take at least two Biology courses at the 3000 level or above

9.2.3 General Degrees

Each Major is assigned a faculty advisor who should be consulted on academic problems, including course selection.

9.2.3.1 Major in Biology

All students majoring in Biology are required to complete a minimum of 45 credit hours in courses from the Department of Biology offering. Those 45 credit hours must include: Biology 1001 and 1002 or their equivalents; the 15 credit hours in core courses listed below; and 24 credit hours in Biology electives at the 2000, 3000 or 4000 level.

Biology Core (15 credit hours): Biology 2060, 2250, 2600, 2900, plus one of Biology 3401, 3402, 4245 and 4404.

A maximum of 9 credit hours can be in Biology courses with no associated laboratory/seminar.

All majors must also successfully complete the following courses or their equivalents:

  1. English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalent)

  2. Physics 1020 and 1021 (or equivalent)

  3. Mathematics 1000

  4. Chemistry 1010 and 1011 (or equivalent), Chemistry 2440

  5. Statistics 2550

  6. Biochemistry 2101 and 3106

  7. Extra Science courses as necessary to fulfil the requirement for 78 credit hours in Science as stipulated in Clause 3.a. of the Regulations for the General Degree of Bachelor of Science.

It is recommended, but not required, that a Computer Science course be included and the Department of Biology strongly recommends Computer Science 2650.

Note:

To minimize timetabling problems, students on the St. John's campus are advised to take Biology 2250 and 2600 in their third semester (Fall), and 2060 and 2900 in their fourth semester (Winter).

9.2.3.2 Major in Biology (Cell and Molecular)

All students majoring in Biology (Cell and Molecular) are required to complete a minimum of 45 credit hours in courses from the Department of Biology offering. Those 45 credit hours must include: Biology 1001 and 1002 or their equivalents; the 15 credit hours in core courses listed below; Biology 3530 and 4241; 6 credit hours from the recommended Biology courses for Biology (Cell and Molecular) listed below; and 12 credit hours from Biology electives at the 2000, 3000 or 4000 level.

Biology Core (15 credit hours): Biology 2060, 2250, 2600, 2900, plus one of Biology 3401, 3402, 4245 and 4404.

Recommended Biology courses for Biology (Cell and Molecular)) are 3050, 3052, 3401, 3402, 3500, 3620, 3950, 3951, 4010, 4040, 4050, 4200, 4245, 4250, 4251, 4255, 4404, 4550, 4605, and 4607.

A maximum of 9 credit hours can be in Biology courses with no associated laboratory/seminar.

All majors must also successfully complete the following courses or their equivalents:

  1. English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalent)

  2. Physics 1020 and 1021 (or equivalent)

  3. Mathematics 1000

  4. Chemistry 1010 and 1011 (or equivalent), Chemistry 2440

  5. Statistics 2550

  6. Biochemistry 2101 and 3106

  7. Extra Science courses as necessary to fulfil the requirement for 78 credit hours in Science as stipulated in Clause 3.a. of the Regulations for the General Degree of Bachelor of Science.

It is recommended, but not required, that a Computer Science course be included and the Department of Biology strongly recommends Computer Science 2650.

Note:

To minimize timetabling problems, students on the St. John's campus are advised to take Biology 2250 and 2600 in their third semester (Fall), and 2060 and 2900 in their fourth semester (Winter).

9.2.3.3 Major in Biology (Ecology and Conservation)

All students majoring in Biology (Ecology and Conservation) are required to complete a minimum of 45 credit hours in courses from the Department of Biology offering. Those 45 credit hours must include: Biology 1001 and 1002 or their equivalents; the 15 credit hours in core courses listed below; Biology 4650 and 4651; 6 credit hours from the recommended Biology courses for Biology (Ecology and Conservation) listed below; and 12 credit hours from Biology electives at the 2000, 3000 or 4000 level.

Biology Core (15 credit hours): Biology 2060, 2250, 2600, 2900, plus one of Biology 3401, 3402, 4245 and 4404.

Recommended Biology courses for Biology (Ecology and Conservation) are 3041, 3050, 3295, 3300, 3610, 3620, 3640, 3709, 3710, 3711, 3714, 3715, 3750, 4040, 4141, 4180, 4182, 4250, 4306, 4307, 4360, 4405, 4505, 4605, 4607, 4620, 4630, 4701, 4710, 4750, and 4820.

A maximum of 9 credit hours can be in Biology courses with no associated laboratory/seminar.

All majors must also successfully complete the following courses or their equivalents:

  1. English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalent)

  2. Physics 1020 and 1021 (or equivalent)

  3. Mathematics 1000

  4. Chemistry 1010 and 1011 (or equivalent), Chemistry 2440

  5. Statistics 2550

  6. Biochemistry 2101 and 3106

  7. Extra Science courses as necessary to fulfil the requirement for 78 credit hours in Science as stipulated in Clause 3.a. of the Regulations for the General Degree of Bachelor of Science.

It is recommended, but not required, that a Computer Science course be included and the Department of Biology strongly recommends Computer Science 2650.

Note:

To minimize timetabling problems, students on the St. John's campus are advised to take Biology 2250 and 2600 in their third semester (Fall), and 2060 and 2900 in their fourth semester (Winter).

9.2.3.4 Major in Biology (Marine)

All students majoring in Biology (Marine) are required to complete a minimum of 45 credit hours in courses from the Department of Biology offering. Those 45 credit hours must include: Biology 1001 and 1002 or their equivalents; the 15 credit hours in core courses listed below; Biology 3710 and 3711; 6 credit hours from the recommended Biology courses for Biology (Marine) listed below; and 12 credit hours from Biology electives at the 2000, 3000 or 4000 level.

Biology Core (15 credit hours): Biology 2060, 2250, 2600, 2900, plus one of Biology 3401, 3402, 4245 and 4404.

Recommended Biology courses for Biology (Marine) are 3014, 3050, 3295, 3620, 3640, 3709, 3712, 3714, 3715, 3951, 4122, 4141, 4182, 4360, 4601, 4605, 4607, 4620, 4630, 4710, 4750, 4810, 4912.

A maximum of 9 credit hours can be in Biology courses with no associated laboratory/seminar.

All majors must also successfully complete the following courses or their equivalents:

  1. English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalent)

  2. Physics 1020 and 1021 (or equivalent)

  3. Mathematics 1000

  4. Chemistry 1010 and 1011 (or equivalent), Chemistry 2440

  5. Statistics 2550

  6. Biochemistry 2101 and 3106

  7. Extra Science courses as necessary to fulfil the requirement for 78 credit hours in Science as stipulated in Clause 3.a. of the Regulations for the General Degree of Bachelor of Science.

It is recommended, but not required, that a Computer Science course be included and the Department of Biology strongly recommends Computer Science 2650.

Note:

To minimize timetabling problems, students on the St. John's campus are advised to take Biology 2250 and 2600 in their third semester (Fall), and 2060 and 2900 in their fourth semester (Winter).

9.2.3.5 Major in Biology (Co-operative) Program (BCOP)

This program is available to full-time Biology majors only.

The Biology (Co-operative) Program (BCOP) provides an opportunity for students to learn valuable practical skills while working in fields related to Biology. Students complete three Work Terms, which consist of full-time paid employment in the field of Biology of at least 12 weeks in duration. The timing of the Work Terms is such that employers stand to gain from the acquired skills of biology majors in training. The objectives of the Work Term component of the BCOP are embodied in the Work Term descriptions found at the end of the Faculty of Science section under Course Descriptions, Biology, Work Term Descriptions.

  1. Admission Requirements

    1. Admission is limited, competitive, and selective.

    2. The primary criterion used in reaching decisions on applications for admission is overall academic achievement.

    3. A student must first be admitted to the Biology Major.

    4. Application deadline: November 15 for the following Spring semester work term (normally the third semester in year two).

    5. To be admitted to the program, a student must have completed the second year Biology Core, with an overall average of at least 65%, and an overall average of at least 65% in all Biology courses. A student must have an overall average of 65% in all other required courses, and must be registered for 15 credit hours in the semester in which application is made.

  2. Program of Study

    1. In addition to the requirements below, a student must fulfill all requirements for one of a Major in Biology; Major in Biology (Cell and Molecular); Major in Biology (Ecology and Conservation); Major in Biology (Marine); Honours in Biology; Honours in Biology (Cell and Molecular); Honours in Biology (Ecology and Conservation); or Honours in Biology (Marine).

    2. To remain in BCOP, a student must receive a passing grade in all required courses, and must maintain an overall average of at least 65% in all Biology courses and an overall average of at least 65% in all courses, including electives. A student who fails a required course, fails to maintain an overall average of 65% in Biology courses, or fails to maintain an overall average of 65%, will be required to withdraw from BCOP. The student in question may apply for readmission in a subsequent year after passing the specified required course(s) previously failed, or re-establishing the required average.

    3. A student is required to complete three work terms, one of which must be either in the Fall or Winter semester.

  3. Work Term Placement

    1. General management of the work terms in BCOP is the responsibility of the Division of Co-operative Education (DCE). The DCE is responsible for assisting potential employers to become involved in the program, organizing competitions for Work Term employment, arranging student-employer interviews and facilities, data base management, and for the continual development of employment opportunities. A program coordinator from the DCE will work with the Biology Co-op Liaison to counsel students, visit students on work assignments and evaluate the work term.

    2. Work placement is not guaranteed but every effort is made to ensure that appropriate employment is made available. In the case of students who are required to withdraw from the program, the DCE has no responsibility for placement until they have been readmitted to the program.

    3. A student who is admitted to the co-op program gives permission to the University to provide a copy of the applicant’s resume, university transcript and work term evaluations to potential employers.

    4. A student who has been accepted to BCOP may obtain his/her own work term placement outside the competition. Such employment positions must be confirmed by the employer, and must be approved by the DCE coordinator and the Biology Department Liaison.

    5. Within a month after starting a Work Term, a student must submit a proposal for the work term report.

    6. Salaries paid to co-operative students are determined by employers based on their internal wage structures.

  4. Registration and Evaluation of Performance

    1. In Work Terms I, II, and III, a student must register for Biology 199W, 299W, and 399W respectively.

    2. Student performance evaluations are to be completed by the employer and returned to the DCE coordinator. The Work Term evaluations shall consist of two components:

      1. On-the-job Student Performance:

        Job performance shall be assessed by the DCE coordinator in consultation with the department using information gathered during the Work Term and input from the employer towards the end of the Work Term. Formal written documentation from the employer shall be sought. Evaluation of the job performance will result in one of the following classifications: OUTSTANDING, ABOVE EXPECTATIONS, SATISFACTORY, MARGINAL PASS, FAIL.

      2. The Work Report:

        • A student is required to submit a Work Term report to the DCE coordinator on the first day of final exams in the semester of the Work Term

        • Work Term reports shall be evaluated by a faculty member and the DCE coordinator.

        • If an employer designates a report to be of a confidential nature, both employer and the DCE coordinator must agree as to the methods to protect the confidentiality of such a report before the report may be accepted for evaluation.

        • Reports must contain original work related to the Work Term placement. The topic must relate to the work experience and will be chosen by the student in consultation with the employer. The topic must be approved by the coordinator and the Biology Co-op Liaison.

        Evaluation of the work term will result in one of the following classifications: OUTSTANDING, ABOVE EXPECTATIONS, SATISFACTORY, MARGINAL PASS, FAIL.

        The evaluation of the job performance and the work term report are recorded separately on the transcript. Overall evaluation of the work term will result in one of the following final grades being awarded:

        • Pass with Distinction: Indicates OUTSTANDING PERFORMANCE in both the work report and the job performance.

        • Pass: Indicates that PERFORMANCE MEETS EXPECTATIONS in both the work report and the job performance.

        • Fail: Indicates FAILING PERFORMANCE in the work report or the job performance, or both. To remain in BCOP, a student must obtain a final grade of Pass or higher.

    3. If a student fails to achieve the Work Term standards specified above, the student will be required to withdraw from BCOP. Such a student may reapply to the program, at which time the student will be required to repeat the Work Term with satisfactory performance. Only one Work Term may be repeated in the entire program.

    4. In order to be considered for readmission, a student must formally apply for readmission to the program not later than the deadline date outlined under Admission Requirements above.

    5. A student who withdraws from a Work Term without acceptable cause subsequent to a job placement will be required to withdraw permanently from BCOP.

    6. A student who drops a Work Term without prior approval from both the DCE coordinator and the Biology Co-op Liaison, or who fails to honour an agreement to work with an employer, or conducts him/herself in such a manner as to cause the discharge from the job, will be awarded an overall grade of FAIL for the Work Term in question and will be required to withdraw permanently from BCOP.

    7. Permission to drop a Work Term does not constitute a waiver of degree requirements, and a student who has obtained such permission must complete an approved Work Term in lieu of the one dropped.

9.2.4 Honours Degrees

The attention of students wishing to take Honours is called to those sections of the Calendar dealing with Regulations for the Degree of Bachelor of Science (Honours).

Sixty-nine credit hours in courses, including the 6 first year credit hours and the 15 required core credit hours outlined in the regulations for the General Degree, and the Honours Dissertation (Biology 499A/499B), shall be taken from the Department of Biology offering. Students may elect to complete an Honours Program in Biology or in one of the joint Honours Programs listed under the heading "Programs in Biology". Programs of students taking Honours shall be drawn up in consultation with the student's supervisor, and must be approved by the Head of the Department (or his/her delegate) in accordance with Admission and Registration, clause 2. of the Regulations for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science.

Note:

Some Graduate Courses may be taken in the final year of the Honours Program with the permission of the Head of the Department and the course instructor.

A dissertation (6 credit hours) is to be presented on some original piece of work undertaken by the candidate, under the guidance of a faculty member of the department, as appointed by the Head of Department. For students electing to take one of the Joint Honours Programs, the dissertation shall be on a topic representative of the selected program. The Department of Biology considers the dissertation to be an important part of the Honours Program.

The dissertation will be based on a 6 credit hours course (Biology 499A/499B). It will involve directed reading relevant to the dissertation topic, preparation of a dissertation outline, supervised research, data synthesis and interpretation, and preparation and defence of the dissertation.

Two typed copies of the dissertation, complete with figures and tables, are to be submitted not less than two weeks before the end of lectures in the semester in which the candidate is registered for Biology 499B. These copies must be submitted to the Head of Department, and must have met the prior approval of the candidate's Honours supervisor.

Before the last day for examinations in the semester, the candidate will be examined orally on the contents of the dissertation. The examining committee shall consist of the Head of the Department, or delegate, the candidate's supervisor, and an examiner appointed by the Head of the Department in consultation with the candidate's supervisor.

9.2.5 Honours in Biology

An Honours degree in Biology may comprise a broadly based selection of courses according to the student’s interests, or it may be more narrowly focussed. An Honours student may focus on any area of Biology where an appropriate supervisor can be found. All Honours students should choose courses in consultation with their supervisors, but it is particularly important that students wishing to focus within the Honours degree should discuss course selection with an Honours supervisor within their area of interest.

9.2.5.1 Biology Course Requirements

Students seeking an honours degree in Biology are required to successfully complete a minimum of 69 credit hours in courses from the Department of Biology offering. Those 69 credit hours must include:

  1. Biology 1001 and 1002 or their equivalents;

  2. 15 credit hours in the following core courses: Biology 2060, 2250, 2600, 2900, plus one of Biology 3401, 3402, 4245 or 4404; and

  3. 42 credit hours from Biology electives at the 2000, 3000 or 4000 level (except Biology 2040, 2041, 2120, and 3053) and Biology 499A and 499B.

  4. A maximum of 9 credit hours can be in Biology courses with no associated laboratory/seminar.

9.2.5.2 Core Course Requirements

All honours students must also successfully complete the following courses or their equivalents:

  1. English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalent)

  2. Physics 1020 and 1021 (or equivalent)

  3. Mathematics 1000

  4. Chemistry 1010 and 1011 (or equivalent), Chemistry 2440

  5. Statistics 2550

  6. Biochemistry 2101 and 3106

  7. Electives to make up 120 credit hours

To minimize timetabling problems, students on the St. John’s Campus are advised to take Biology 2250 and 2600 in their third semester (Fall), and Biology 2060 and 2900 in their fourth semester (Winter).

9.2.6 Honours in Cell and Molecular Biology
9.2.6.1 Cell and Molecular Biology Course Requirements

Students seeking an honours degree in Cell and Molecular Biology are required to complete a minimum of 69 credit hours in courses from the Department of Biology offering. Those 69 credit hours must include:

  1. Biology 1001 and 1002 or their equivalents;

  2. 15 credit hours in the following core courses: Biology 2060, 2250, 2600, 2900, plus one of Biology 3401, 3402, 4245 or 4404;

  3. Biology 3530 and Biology 4241;

  4. 12 credit hours from the following recommended Biology courses for Cell and Molecular Biology: Biology 3050, 3052, 3401, 3402, 3500, 3620, 3950, 3951, 4010, 4040, 4050, 4200, 4245, 4250, 4251, 4255, 4404, 4550, 4605, 4607; and

  5. 24 credit hours in Biology electives at the 2000, 3000 or 4000 level (except Biology 2040, 2041, 2120, and 3053) and Biology 499A and 499B.

  6. A maximum of 9 credit hours can be in Biology courses with no associated laboratory/seminar.

9.2.6.2 Core Course Requirements

All honours students must also successfully complete the following courses or their equivalents:

  1. English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalent)

  2. Physics 1020 and 1021 (or equivalent)

  3. Mathematics 1000

  4. Chemistry 1010 and 1011 (or equivalent), Chemistry 2440

  5. Statistics 2550

  6. Biochemistry 2101 and 3106

  7. Electives to make up 120 credit hours

To minimize timetabling problems, students on the St. John’s Campus are advised to take Biology 2250 and 2600 in their third semester (Fall), and Biology 2060 and 2900 in their fourth semester (Winter).

9.2.7 Honours in Ecology and Conservation Biology
9.2.7.1 Ecology and Conservation Biology Course Requirements

Students seeking an honours degree in Ecology and Conservation Biology are required to complete a minimum of 69 credit hours in courses from the Department of Biology offering. Those 69 credit hours must include:

  1. Biology 1001 and 1002 or their equivalents;

  2. 15 credit hours in the following core courses: Biology 2060, 2250, 2600, 2900, plus one of Biology 3401, 3402, 4245 or 4404;

  3. Biology 4650 and 4651;

  4. 12 credit hours from the following recommended biology courses for Ecology and Conservation Biology: Biology 3041, 3050, 3295, 3300, 3610, 3620, 3640, 3709, 3710, 3711, 3714, 3715, 3750, 4040, 4141, 4180, 4182, 4250, 4306, 4307, 4360, 4405, 4505, 4605, 4607, 4620, 4630, 4701, 4710, 4750, 4820; and

  5. 24 credit hours in Biology electives at the 2000, 3000 or 4000 level (except Biology 2040, 2041, 2120, and 3053) and Biology 499A and 499B.

  6. A maximum of 9 credit hours can be in Biology courses with no associated laboratory/seminar.

9.2.7.2 Core Course Requirements

All honours students must also successfully complete the following courses or their equivalents:

  1. English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalent)

  2. Physics 1020 and 1021 (or equivalent)

  3. Mathematics 1000

  4. Chemistry 1010 and 1011 (or equivalent), Chemistry 2440

  5. Statistics 2550

  6. Biochemistry 2101 and 3106

  7. Electives to make up 120 credit hours

To minimize timetabling problems, students on the St. John’s Campus are advised to take Biology 2250 and 2600 in their third semester (Fall), and Biology 2060 and 2900 in their fourth semester (Winter).

9.2.8 Honours in Marine Biology
9.2.8.1 Marine Biology Course Requirements

Students seeking an honours degree in Marine Biology are required to complete a minimum of 69 credit hours in courses from the Department of Biology offering. Those 69 credit hours must include:

  1. Biology 1001 and 1002 or their equivalents;

  2. 15 credit hours in the following core courses: Biology 2060, 2250, 2600, 2900, plus one of Biology 3401, 3402, 4245 or 4404;

  3. Biology 3710 and 3711;

  4. 12 credit hours from the following recommended biology courses for Marine Biology: Biology 3014, 3050, 3295, 3620, 3640, 3709, 3712, 3714, 3715, 3951, 4122, 4141, 4182, 4360, 4601, 4605, 4607, 4620, 4630, 4710, 4750, 4810, 4912; and

  5. 24 credit hours in Biology electives at the 2000, 3000 or 4000 level (except Biology 2040, 2041, 2120, and 3053) and Biology 499A and 499B.

  6. A maximum of 9 credit hours can be in Biology courses with no associated laboratory/seminar.

9.2.8.2 Core Course Requirements

All honours students must also successfully complete the following courses or their equivalents:

  1. English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalent)

  2. Physics 1020 and 1021 (or equivalent)

  3. Mathematics 1000

  4. Chemistry 1010 and 1011 (or equivalent), Chemistry 2440

  5. Statistics 2550

  6. Biochemistry 2101 and 3106

  7. Electives to make up 120 credit hours

To minimize timetabling problems, students on the St. John’s Campus are advised to take Biology 2250 and 2600 in their third semester (Fall), and Biology 2060 and 2900 in their fourth semester (Winter).

9.2.9 Honours in Biology (Co-operative)
9.2.9.1 Admission Requirements

See Major in Biology (Co-operative).

9.2.9.2 Program of Study
  1. In addition to the requirements below, a student must fulfill all requirements for either an Honours in Biology, Honours in Biology (Cell and Molecular), Honours in Biology (Ecology and Conservation), or Honours in Biology (Marine) as described under each specific program.

  2. To remain in BCOP Honours, a student must receive a passing grade in all required courses, and must maintain an average of at least 65% in all Biology courses and an overall average of at least 70% in all courses, including electives.

  3. A student is required to complete three work terms, one of which must be either in the Fall or Winter semester.

9.2.9.3 Work Term Placement

See Major in Biology (Co-operative).

9.2.9.4 Registration and Evaluation of Performance

See Major in Biology (Co-operative).