Office of the Registrar
School of Pharmacy (2017/2018)
12 Course Descriptions

In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, the course descriptions for courses which have not been offered in the previous three Academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current Academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Dean of the School.

A student is advised to pay attention to Usage Limitation (UL) for each course to determine its program applicability.

All courses of the School are designated by PHAR and are restricted to students in the School of Pharmacy.

2002

Anatomy and Physiology I

provides an overview of human anatomy and physiology throughout the lifespan. It includes aspects of cytology and histology that form a foundation for the practice of pharmacy. The focus will be on developing an understanding of the interrelationships and integration of all systems from the cell to whole organism. Special emphasis is given to the skeletal, muscular, nervous, and endocrine systems.

CR: Nursing 1002

LH: 2; attendance is required

PR: Science 1807

2003

Anatomy and Physiology II

provides an overview of human anatomy and physiology throughout the lifespan. It includes aspects of cytology and histology that form a foundation for the practice of pharmacy. The focus will be on developing an understanding of the interrelationships and integration of all systems from cell to whole organism. Special emphasis is given to the endocrine, circulatory, respiratory, urinary, digestive, and reproductive systems.

CR: Nursing 1012

LH: 2; attendance is required

PR: PHAR 2002 and Science 1807

2004

Introduction to Biochemistry

is an introduction to the major organic substances of living organisms, proteins, carbohydrates and lipids: their structure, analysis and biochemical function. Other topics include: enzymes; the biochemistry of membranes, including the plasma membrane and specialized intracellular membranes; and the biochemistry of selected differentiated cells.

CR: Biochemistry 2101

OR: tutorials as required

PR: Chemistry 2400 and 2401 or Chemistry 2440

2010

Service Learning

requires completion of 20 hours of service in the community in any term within the first year of the program. Students will engage in projects or activities which will benefit both the host organization and the student. It will occur in an approved setting either in the academic community or with an off-campus community group. The goal is to provide opportunities for the student to develop communication and self-reflective learning skills, acquire new frames of reference and perspectives, and gain an enhanced sense of civic responsibility.

CH: 0

OR: 20 hours of service learning

201W

Structured Practice Experience I

is a structured practice experience in community pharmacy after completion of the first year which will provide an opportunity for students to apply their technical skills and introduce them to patient care activities. The structured practice experience is normally comprised of four weeks during May/June.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 0

LC: 0

PR: successful completion of all courses in Academic Terms 1 & 2 of the program

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

2101

Pharmacy Practice I

provides an introduction to the legal and professional framework of the practice of pharmacy. Pharmacy regulations in the dispensing of medications and provincial legislation that governs the practice of pharmacy will be the focus. Students will be introduced to core competencies of the profession including professionalism, interprofessionalism, pharmaceutical calculations, drug information and effective communication strategies for the provision of pharmacist care. Application of course content will occur in the concurrent course PHAR 2650.

CO: PHAR 2650

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

2102

Pharmacy Practice II

continues the introduction to the legal and professional framework of the practice of pharmacy. The course will focus on federal legislation that governs the practice of pharmacy, drug information, patient education and methods to deal with challenging patient behaviours. Students will be introduced to pharmaceutical care and begin to develop a pharmacist care plan. Students will participate in interprofessional education (IPE) modules with students from other health related programs when such modules are available. The passing grade in this course is 70%, failing which the student may be required to withdraw from the program.

CH: 2

CO: PHAR 2651

LC: 2

OR: tutorials 2 hours per week; attendance is required

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

2201

Pharmaceutics I

provides an insight into a number of physicochemical basics and explains them within a pharmaceutical context. The course provides the basic foundation necessary for the study of pharmaceutical dosage forms, pharmacokinetics and bio-pharmaceutics.

LH: 3; attendance is required

PR: Mathematics 1000 and 1001; and Chemistry 1050 and 1051, or Chemistry 1200 and 1001, or equivalent; and Science 1807

2202

Pharmaceutics II

is designed to provide the student with an understanding of pharmaceutical dosage forms and their applications. It applies the principles taught in Pharmaceutics I to understand the design and components of the different pharmaceutical preparations.

LH: 3; attendance is required

PR: PHAR 2201 and Science 1807

2203

Pharmaceutical Analysis

is designed to introduce some important techniques and methods of analysis in pharmaceutical sciences. The laboratory exercises consist of both non-instrumental and instrumental analytical techniques that are widely employed in the analysis of pharmaceuticals.

CH: 2

LC: 2

LH: 3 hours every other week; attendance is required

PR: Chemistry 1050 and 1051 or Chemistry 1200 and 1001 or equivalent

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

2250

Pharmacy Practice I

is the first of a series of courses where students acquire and apply the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for the practice of pharmacy. The course will include an introduction to calculations, technical skills and the legal and regulatory framework of the practice of pharmacy. The development of competence in the areas of patient care, drug information, communication, professionalism, critical thinking, and teamwork will begin. Application of knowledge and skills will occur in simulated pharmacy practice situations.

AR: attendance is required in practice sessions

CH: 5

CO: all Academic Term 1 Pharmacy courses, with the exception of PHAR 2010

OR: practice sessions 2 hours per week

2251

Pharmacy Practice II

continues the acquisition, development, and application of the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for the practice of pharmacy. The legal and professional framework of the practice of pharmacy, patient counselling, and technical skills will be emphasized. Development of competence in the areas of patient care, drug information, communication, professionalism, critical thinking, and teamwork will occur. Application of knowledge and skills will take place in real and simulated pharmacy practice situations.

AR: attendance is required in practice sessions

CH: 5

CO: all Academic Term 2 Pharmacy courses, with the exception of PHAR 2010

LC: 2

OR: practice sessions 3 hours per week

PR: PHAR 2250

2610

Health Systems

provides an introduction to the Canadian healthcare system, its development, history, structure, and financing. The federal and provincial governments’ involvement in the healthcare system and health policy will be presented. The roles and responsibilities of the pharmacist within healthcare will also be examined.

2620

Social and Ethical Behaviour

introduces the social and cultural factors and determinants that influence health in Canada, and their ethical implications. Theoretical approaches from a social perspective, including value systems in Canada, ethical dilemmas and the role of ethics in pharmacy practice will be discussed.

CH: 2

LC: 2

PR: PHAR 2610

2650

Pharmacy Skills

provides an introduction to the skills necessary for pharmacy practice in order to meet the educational outcomes for the first year of the pharmacy program. This course is the first in a series of Pharmacy Skills courses, all of which require students to acquire and apply the knowledge, attitudes and skills necessary for the effective practice of the profession. Students will begin to develop abilities in communication, professionalism, critical thinking, problem-solving, teamwork and self-directed learning. Students will apply basic knowledge and skills in drug information, technology, interpersonal communications and pharmacy legislation to simulated practice situations. Students will develop public communication skills through the completion of a professional communications program. Activities in this course will complement material covered in the concurrent course PHAR 2101.

CO: all Academic Term 1 Pharmacy courses

CR: the former PHAR 2150

LC: 0

OR: practical sessions 3 hours per week; tutorials 1 hour per week; attendance is required

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

2651

Pharmacy Skills

provides an introduction to the skills necessary for pharmacy practice in order to meet the education outcomes for the first year of the pharmacy program. Students will continue to develop abilities in communication, professionalism, critical thinking, problem-solving, teamwork and self-directed learning. Pharmacy practice in the community pharmacy setting will be a focus. Students will develop dispensing, drug information and pharmaceutical calculations skills relevant to community pharmacy practice. Students will begin developing their patient interaction and patient education skills. Activities in this course will complement material covered in the concurrent PHAR 2102. Students will participate in interprofessional education (IPE) modules with students from other health related programs when such modules are available.

CO: all Academic Term 2 Pharmacy courses

CR: the former PHAR 2151

LC: 0

OR: practical sessions 3 hours per week; tutorials 1 hour per week; attendance is required

PR: PHAR 2101 and 2650

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

3003

Pathophysiology

examines the nature of disease, causes and effects, and alteration in structure and function of cells, inflammation, neoplasia, genetic and chromosomal diseases, healing and repair, stress and disease.

PR: PHAR 2003 or equivalent

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

3006

Immunology

(same as Biochemistry 4105 and Biology 4200) is an introduction to the cells and organs of the innate and adaptive immune systems. The molecular and cellular basis of allergy, autoimmunity, vaccination and cancer immunology will also be discussed.

CR: Biochemistry 4105, Biology 4200, and the former PHAR 4105

PR: PHAR 2004

3009

Pharmacology

explores topics in general pharmacology including drugs used in the treatment of inflammatory diseases, renal pharmacology, anticoagulant and antithrombotic drugs, antihyperlipidemics, drugs used in the treatment of anemia, and endocrine pharmacology.

PR: Medicine 4300 or equivalent

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

302W

Structured Practice Experience II

is a structured practice experience in hospital pharmacy after completion of the second year which will provide an opportunity for students to apply their technical skills and introduce them to patient care activities. The practical experience is normally comprised of four weeks during May/June.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 0

LC: 0

PR: successful completion of all courses in Academic Terms 3 & 4 of the program

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

305P

Pharmacy Practice Experience I

provides six weeks (240 hours) of practice experience in a community pharmacy. The focus will be on the legal and regulatory framework governing pharmacy practice, prescription processing, gathering and assessing patient information, patient education, drug information, health promotion, and quality assurance. Students will apply their knowledge and skills in the provision of patient care. Effective communication skills, professionalism, and teamwork are expected.

AR: attendance is required

PR: all Academic Term 4 & 5 courses

3103

Microbiology of Infectious Diseases

examines the various types of micro-organisms (bacterial, viral, parasitic and fungal), the environment in which they are able to multiply and their relationship to human diseases. The classifications of their morphology, mode of reproduction and the metabolic process, the physiological and epidemiological principles of infectious diseases and their manifestations are discussed including the principles of immunization.

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

3111

General Biochemistry

covers the catabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and amino acids. Mitochondria, chloroplasts and ATP synthesis. Biosynthesis of carbohydrates and lipids. Metabolic specialization of differentiated cells and tissues. Integration of metabolism.

CR: Biochemistry 3106

OR: tutorials as required

PR: PHAR 2004 or Biochemistry 2101

3203

Medicinal Chemistry I

presents topics covering the molecular basis of action, metabolism, and toxicity of drugs. It provides an orientation to medicinally important nuclei and their nomenclature, followed by principles of drug discovery and development. The relationship between molecular structure and biological action of drugs together with elementary molecular modelling, and theories related to receptors and drug action will be presented. Concepts of drug metabolism and the relevant metabolic pathways in relationship to drug inactivation and toxicity, along with the principles of drug latentiation and prodrugs is covered. The structures, selected physicochemical properties, mechanism of action, structure-activity relationships, toxic effects at molecular level, and metabolism of drugs including central nervous system.

CO: Medicine 4300 and PHAR 3003

OR: tutorials 1 hour per week; attendance is required

PR: Chemistry 2440 or Chemistry 2400 and 2401

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

3204

Medicinal Chemistry II

is a continuation of Pharmacy 3203 and focuses on the structures, selected physicochemical properties, mechanism of action, structure-activity relationships, toxic effects at molecular level, and metabolism of different pharmacological classes of drugs including cholinergic agents, analgetic and anti-inflammatory agents, insulin and oral antidiabetic drugs, steroids and related compounds, antihyperlipidemic agents, histamine and antihistaminic agents, diuretic agents, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and antagonists, and calcium channel blockers.

CO: PHAR 3009

OR: tutorials 1 hour per week; attendance is required

PR: PHAR 3203

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

3205

Pharmaceutics III

consists of several units. The standards of good manufacturing practice will be introduced. Characteristics, preparation, quality assurance and delivery systems for sterile products will be covered. The basic principles governing the application of radiation and radioactive compounds in medical diagnosis and therapy will be discussed. The status of current biotechnology-based pharmaceuticals and biotechnology related matters will be addressed.

PR: PHAR 2202

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

3250

Pharmacy Practice III

continues the acquisition, development, and application of the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for the practice of pharmacy. The focus will include patient assessment, care plan development, counselling, follow-up, interprofessional collaboration, and communication with special patient populations. Emphasis will be on the development of competence in the areas of patient care, drug information, communication, professionalism, critical thinking, and teamwork. Application of knowledge and skills will occur in real and simulated pharmacy practice situations.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 5

CO: all Academic Term 4 Pharmacy courses

LC: 2

OR: practice sessions 3 hours per week

PR: PHAR 2251

3251

Pharmacy Practice IV

continues the acquisition, development, and application of the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for the practice of pharmacy. This course will build on pharmacy practice concepts and will emphasize patient safety. Development of competence in the areas of patient care, drug information, communication, professionalism, critical thinking, and teamwork will occur. Application of knowledge and skills will take place in simulated pharmacy practice situations.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 5

CO: all Academic Term 5 Pharmacy courses

LC: 2

OR: practice sessions 3 hours per week

PR: PHAR 3250

3270

Pharmacotherapy I

introduces pharmacotherapeutic management of common diseases and effective management of patients’ drug therapy. Emphasis will be placed on identifying drug therapy problems, establishing therapeutic outcomes, recommending pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapeutic alternatives, developing individualized therapeutic regimens, and developing a monitoring plan to evaluate adherence, efficacy, and safety. Topics may include drug interactions, gastroenterological conditions, musculoskeletal conditions, nutrition, and special populations.

CH: 5

CO: PHAR 3250, 3801, and 3805

LC: 5

3271

Pharmacotherapy II

continues the discussion of pharmacotherapeutic management of common diseases and effective management of patients’ drug therapy. Emphasis will be placed on identifying drug therapy problems, establishing therapeutic outcomes, recommending pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapeutic alternatives, developing individualized therapeutic regimens, and developing a monitoring plan to evaluate adherence, efficacy, and safety. Topics may include cardiovascular, dermatological, respiratory, and infectious diseases.

CH: 4

CO: PHAR 3251

LC: 4

PR: PHAR 3270, 3801, and 3805

3301

Patient Care I

is an introductory course in patient care, especially in the areas of self-care and self-treatment and the role of the pharmacist. The regulatory environment of non-prescription products and the prevention and treatment of health conditions amenable to self-management will be discussed.

CO: PHAR 3009

PR: Medicine 4300

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

3410

Leadership and Health Promotion

focuses on the roles of leadership, advocacy, and health promotion in pharmacy to improve patient care. Insight into leadership skills and the roles of educating, advocating, and promoting health to patients, families, communities, and society will be discussed. The change process and the leader’s role in change will be introduced.

3650

Pharmacy Skills

continues the development of the skills necessary for pharmacy practice in order to meet the educational outcomes for the second year of the pharmacy program. Students will continue to develop abilities in communication, professionalism, critical thinking, problem-solving, teamwork and self-directed learning. Pharmacy practice in the hospital setting will be a focus. Students will participate in sterile product preparation and practice drug information and pharmaceutical calculation skills relevant to hospital practice. Students will develop pharmacist care plans and will further develop their patient education skills. Scenarios will relate to the courses of study in the second year and draw on material studied in earlier years of the program. Students will participate in interprofessional education (IPE) modules with students from other health related programs when such modules are available.

CO: all Academic Term 3 Pharmacy courses

CR: the former PHAR 3150

LC: 0

OR: practical sessions 3 hours per week; tutorials 1 hour per week; attendance is required

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

3651

Pharmacy Skills

continues the development of the skills necessary for pharmacy practice in order to meet the educational outcomes for the second year of the pharmacy program. Students will continue to develop abilities in communication, professionalism, critical thinking, problem-solving, teamwork and self-directed learning. Students will participate in practice sessions necessary to develop an understanding of and skills required in patient assessment and patient education related to patient self-care. Students will build on their pharmacist care skills to meet patients’ drug-related needs in uncomplicated patient scenarios and drug information skills to assess information needs. Scenarios will relate to the courses of study in the second year and draw on material studies in earlier years of the program. Students will participate in interprofessional education (IPE) modules with students from other health related programs when such modules are available.

CO: all Academic Term 4 Pharmacy courses

CR: the former PHAR 3151

LC: 0

OR: practical sessions 3 hours per week; tutorials 1 hour per week; attendance is required

PR: PHAR 3650

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

3801

Pathophysiology I

examines the nature of disease, causes and effects, and alterations in structure and function of cells. Topics may include cardiovascular, dermatological, gastrointestinal, and respiratory diseases.

CH: 2

CO: PHAR 3270 and 3805

LC: 2

PR: PHAR 2003

3805

Pharmacology I

provides an introduction to the general principles of pharmacology including dose-response relationships, drug-receptor interactions, absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination of drugs. The focus will be on the pharmacological basis of the action of drugs leading to therapeutic effects, as well as adverse effects. Topics may include drugs used in the management of cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, respiratory diseases, and anti-inflammatory drugs.

CO: PHAR 3270 and 3801

PR: PHAR 2003

3810

Microbiology of Infectious Diseases

examines the various types of micro-organisms (bacterial, viral, parasitic, and fungal), microbial growth, and their relationship to human diseases. The classifications of their morphology, mode of reproduction, and the metabolic process will be discussed.

CH: 2

LC: 2

3825

Medicinal Chemistry

examines the functional group recognition and properties of drugs, drug-receptor interactions, structure activity relationships, and rational drug design. The relationship between the chemical structure of a drug and its binding affinity toward intended target enzymes or receptors, and its pharmacological activity, will be discussed.

CR: PHAR 3203 and 3204

PR: Chemistry 2401 and PHAR 3111

4008

Chemotherapy

presents the principles of infectious diseases and cancer chemotherapy. Topics to be explored include molecular structure profiles in relation to mechanism of action, drug resistance, and toxicity of antimicrobial, antiviral, and antineoplastic agents. Antimicrobial activity/spectrum of activity of antibacterials, antifungals, antimalarial, antituberculosis, and antiviral/antiretroviral agents will be discussed. The classification and mechanism of action of cancer chemotherapeutic agents will be presented. Pharmacokinetic considerations, adverse effects/toxicity, and drug interactions will be explored for these agents.

CH: 2

CO: PHAR 4401

LC: 2

OR: tutorials 1 hour per week

PR: Medicine 4300, PHAR 3006, 3009, 3103, 3203 and 3204

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

403W

Structured Practice Experience III

is a structured practice experience in community pharmacy after completion of the third year which will provide an opportunity for students to apply their technical skills and practice and participate in patient care activities. The practical experience is normally comprised of four weeks during May/June.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 0

LC: 0

PR: successful completion of all courses in Academic Terms 5 & 6 of the program

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

406P

Pharmacy Practice Experience II

provides two weeks (80 hours) of practice experience in a hospital pharmacy practice setting. The focus will be on the operations of a hospital pharmacy, including drug distribution, policies and procedures, and communicating with other healthcare professionals. Students will apply their knowledge and skills in the provision of pharmacy services. Effective communication skills, professionalism, and teamwork are expected.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 1

PR: all Academic Term 7 & 8 courses

407P

Pharmacy Practice Experience III

provides four weeks (160 hours) of practice experience in a direct patient care setting. Emphasis will be on continuing to develop patient care skills by working with a variety of patients and the healthcare team to appropriately identify, prevent, and resolve drug-related problems. Effective communication skills, professionalism, and teamwork, are expected.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 2

PR: all Academic Term 7 & 8 courses

4201

Applied Pharmacokinetics

(same as the former PHAR 3206) is an introduction to biopharmaceutical and pharmacokinetic principles used in the selection, dosing, monitoring and evaluation of drug therapy. Application of these principles in evaluating drug literature and developing drug dosage regimens of selected classes of drugs for individual patients will be discussed.

CR: the former PHAR 3206

PR: Medicine 4300, PHAR 2202 and 3009

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

4250

Pharmacy Practice V

continues the acquisition, development, and application of the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for the practice of pharmacy. Critical appraisal, patient safety, and interprofessional collaboration will be emphasized. Development of competence in the areas of patient care, drug information, communication, professionalism, critical thinking, and teamwork will occur. Application of knowledge and skills will take place in simulated pharmacy practice situations.

AR: attendance is required in practice sessions

CH: 5

CO: all Academic Term 7 Pharmacy courses

LC: 2

OR: practice sessions 3 hours per week

PR: PHAR 3251

4251

Pharmacy Practice VI

continues the acquisition, development, and application of the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for the practice of pharmacy. Sterile product preparation, drug information, patient safety, and calculations relevant to hospital practice will be introduced. Critical appraisal and interprofessional collaboration will also be a focus. Continued development of competence in the areas of patient care, communication, professionalism, critical thinking, and teamwork will occur. Application of knowledge and skills will take place in simulated pharmacy practice situations.

AR: attendance is required in practice sessions

CH: 5

CO: all Academic Term 8 Pharmacy courses

LC: 2

OR: practice sessions 3 hours per week

PR: PHAR 4250

4270

Pharmacotherapy III

continues the discussion of pharmacotherapeutic management of common diseases and effective management of the patient’s drug therapy. Emphasis will be placed on identifying drug therapy problems, establishing therapeutic outcomes, recommending pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapeutic alternatives, developing individualized therapeutic regimens, and developing a monitoring plan to evaluate adherence, efficacy, and safety. Topics may include autoimmune, infectious, and musculoskeletal diseases.

CH: 4

CO: PHAR 4250, 4802, and 4810

LC: 4

PR: PHAR 3006, 3271, and 3810

4271

Pharmacotherapy IV

continues the discussion of pharmacotherapeutic management of common diseases and effective management of patients’ drug therapy. Emphasis will be placed on identifying drug therapy problems, establishing therapeutic outcomes, recommending pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapeutic alternatives, developing individualized therapeutic regimens, and developing a monitoring plan to evaluate adherence, efficacy, and safety. Topics may include cardiovascular, endocrine and renal disease, and women’s and men’s health.

CH: 6

CO: PHAR 4251

LC: 6

PR: PHAR 4270, 4802, and 4810

4302

Patient Care II

discusses the principal roles of health systems and health policy with a special emphasis on pharmaceutical policy and its impact on the profession, the public and on the delivery of pharmaceutical care. The principles of health promotion and the role of the pharmacist will be discussed. Students will gain knowledge about health challenges facing society, how education affects health, the roles of the pharmacist in educating and promoting health to patients.

CH: 1

CR: the former PHAR 4301 and the former 3501

PR: PHAR 2101, 2102, and 3301

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

4401

Therapeutics I

is a part of a series that looks at the therapeutic management of common diseases. Topics may include but are not restricted to infectious diseases, hematology/oncology, and dermatology. For each disease state discussion will centre around several key issues including: the establishment of desired therapeutic outcomes; development of appropriate pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapeutic alternatives; factors to be considered to aid in the selection of an individualized therapeutic regimen; and the development of a monitoring plan to evaluate efficacy and safety.

CH: 6

CO: PHAR 4008 and 4201

LC: 6

OR: tutorials 2 hours per week; attendance is required

PR: Medicine 4300, PHAR 3006 and 3009

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

4402

Therapeutics II

is a part in a series that looks at the therapeutic management of common diseases. Topics may include but are not restricted to women’s health, mens’ health, gastroenterology, musculoskeletal, neurological, respiratory disorders and transplantation. For each disease state discussion will centre around several key issues including: the establishment of desired therapeutic outcomes; development of appropriate pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapeutic alternatives; factors to be considered to aid in the selection of an individualized therapeutic regimen; and the development of a monitoring plan to evaluate efficacy and safety.

CH: 6

LC: 6

OR: tutorials 2 hours per week; attendance is required

PR: PHAR 4401

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

4420

Pharmacy Management I

introduces the principles of management and leadership as they relate to pharmacy practice. Topics will include the pharmacy practice environment, human resources management, financial management, operations management, marketing, risk management, quality control and improvement, and effective communications.

4503

Pharmacy Administration

introduces students to the basic principles of management as it relates to pharmacy practice. Topics will include human resources and financial management, marketing, strategic planning and the principles and issues associated with safe and appropriate drug distribution. These will be discussed from both a community and an institutional practice focus.

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

4504

Pharmacy Research and Evaluation I

introduces the biostatistical, pharmacoepidemiologic and pharmacoeconomic concepts and develops the skills necessary to the practice of research and evaluation methods in applied pharmacy. The understanding of such methods is an important prerequisite in the critical appraisal of the health literature and the undertaking of evidence-based clinical practice.

CR: the former PHAR 4501

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

4505

Pharmacy Research and Evaluation II

introduces students to principles of critical appraisal and provides opportunities to apply these principles to critique and evaluate current medical literature. Students will be assigned to a tutorial group, which will meet twice during the term to critically appraise at least two recently published studies (journal club). Emphasis will be placed on appropriate application of critical appraisal skills and group discussion of impact of study findings on clinical practice. In addition, this course will also discuss drug utilization reviews and evaluations and the role of the pharmacist, as well as adverse drug event reporting and the role of the pharmacist.

CH: 1

CR: the former PHAR 4502

LC: 1

OR: tutorials 1 hour per week; attendance is required

PR: PHAR 4504 or equivalent

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

4620

Applied Health Research

introduces the fundamentals of research design, methods, and appraisal necessary to develop the skills to analyze and interpret clinical research. Topics include randomized clinical trials, observational studies, and pharmacoeconomic evaluations. Emphasis will be placed on making valid inferences about drug safety and effectiveness from scientific research. Principles of critically appraising the medical literature will be introduced.

CO: Statistics 2550

4650

Pharmacy Skills

continues the development of the skills necessary for pharmacy practice in order to meet the educational outcomes for the third year of the pharmacy program. Students will continue to develop abilities in communication, professionalism, critical thinking, problem-solving, teamwork and self-directed learning. Students will participate in practice sessions necessary to develop an understanding of and skills required in patient assessment. Students will build on their pharmacist care skills to meet patients' drug-related needs in more complex patient scenarios, drug information skills to assess information needs, and medication preparation and dispensing skills to optimize safe and accurate medication delivery. Scenarios will relate to the courses of study in the third year and draw on material studies in earlier years of the program. Students will participate in interprofessional education (IPE) modules with students from other health related programs when such modules are available.

CO: all Academic Term 5 Pharmacy courses

CR: the former PHAR 4150

LC: 0

OR: practical sessions 3 hours per week; tutorials 1 hour per week; attendance is required

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

4651

Pharmacy Skills

continues the development of the skills necessary for pharmacy practice in order to meet the educational outcomes for the third year of the pharmacy program. Students will continue to develop abilities in communication, professionalism, critical thinking, problem-solving, teamwork and self-directed learning. Students will participate in sessions that focus on ethical issues in pharmacy practice and communication with health care providers. Students will build on their patient assessment and pharmacist care skills to meet patients' drug-related needs in more complex patient scenarios and will use critical appraisal skills to respond to clinical questions. Scenarios will relate to the courses of study in the third year and draw on material studied in earlier years of the program. Students will participate in interprofessional education (IPE) modules with students from other health related programs when such modules are available.

CO: all Academic Term 6 Pharmacy courses

CR: the former PHAR 4151

LC: 0

OR: practical sessions 3 hours per week; tutorials 1 hour per week; attendance is required

PR: PHAR 4650

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

4802

Pathophysiology II

examines the nature of disease, causes and effects, and alterations in structure and function of cells. Topics may include endocrine disorders, renal, rheumatological and neurological diseases, neoplasia, and women’s and men’s health.

CO: PHAR 4270 and 4810

PR: PHAR 3801

4810

Pharmacology II

will focus on the pharmacological basis of the action of drugs leading to therapeutic effects, as well as adverse effects. Topics may include drugs used in the management of infectious diseases, the endocrine system, and inflammatory diseases, as well as hormonal drugs and analgesics.

CH: 2

CO: PHAR 4270 and 4802

LC: 2

PR: PHAR 3006, 3805, and 3810

4820

Pharmacokinetics

is an introduction to the biopharmaceutical and pharmacokinetic principles used in the selection, dosing, and monitoring of drug therapy. The concepts of absorption, distribution, metabolism and elimination, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics mechanisms of drug interactions, and the importance of drug monitoring will be explored.

CH: 2

LC: 2

PR: PHAR 2202 and 3805

4860

Pharmacogenomics and Biotechnology

provides insight into the development of biopharmaceuticals. Formulation, stability, dispensing, and clinical applications of biotechnology derived protein/peptide drugs will be discussed. The fundamental concepts of pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics will be explored. A focus will be on understanding how personalized drug therapy, based on the genetic profile of individuals, can optimize drug therapy and patient care.

CH: 2

LC: 2

PR: PHAR 2202 and 3111

4900

Clinical Skills I

is an on-campus, three-day (21 hours) orientation to the fundamental knowledge and skills for advanced practice. Topics may include the principles of prescribing, point-of-care testing, drug information skills, physical assessment, and advanced communication skills. This course may commence beyond the semester start date.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 2

CO: PHAR 4901 and 4902

UL: applicable only to the Doctor of Pharmacy for Working Professionals

4901

Essentials of Pharmacy Practice

provides the foundational principles and skills of pharmacy practice such as documentation, special populations, and pharmacokinetics. Health systems, social justice, and informatics may also be explored.

CH: 4

CO: PHAR 4900 and 4902

UL: applicable only to the Doctor of Pharmacy for Working Professionals

4902

Pharmacy Management and Leadership

explores the principles of change management and leadership as they relate to pharmacy practice. Topics may include the business environment, financial management, continuous quality improvement, business marketing and promotion, human resources management, pharmacy services implementation, effective pharmacy operations, and technology in pharmacy practice.

CH: 2

CO: PHAR 4900 and 4901

UL: applicable only to the Doctor of Pharmacy for Working Professionals

4903

Evidence-Based Practice

integrates advanced drug information, therapeutic decision-making, critical evaluation of medical literature, and synthesis of information to form reliable therapeutic recommendations using the principles of evidence-based practice. Topics may include critical appraisal of drug therapy and pharmacy practice research.

PR: PHAR 4900, 4901, and 4902

UL: applicable only to the Doctor of Pharmacy for Working Professionals

4910

Applied Learning I: Leadership and Education

focuses on the development of leadership skills to implement change in practice through education and advocacy. Topics may include: learning styles, facilitation skills, instructional design, and teaching methods. Principles of health promotion and the importance of advocating change will also be explored. Students will demonstrate their learning through the completion of applied learning activities at their practice sites.

PR: PHAR 4902

UL: applicable only to the Doctor of Pharmacy for Working Professionals

500X

Structured Practice Experience IV

provides experience in clinical practice. Students will participate as members of the health care team. They will be responsible for providing pharmaceutical care to patients. Activities will include attending patient care rounds, providing in-services and drug information, and participating in case presentations. The structured practice experience is comprised of two six week modules.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 18

LC: 0

PR: successful completion of all course requirements for the degree and Clear Promotion

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

508P

Pharmacy Practice Experience IV

provides two weeks (80 hours) of practice experience during Academic Term 11 in an institutional direct patient care setting. This course serves as a transition to the Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience. Emphasis will be on developing independence in providing patient care under the mentorship of a preceptor or of an advanced practice pharmacy student. Effective communication skills, professionalism, and teamwork are expected.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 1

PR: all Academic Term 10 courses

5250

Pharmacy Practice VII

continues the acquisition, development, and application of the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for the practice of pharmacy. Critical appraisal, patient safety, and interprofessional collaboration will be emphasized. Continued development of competence in the areas of patient care, communication, professionalism, critical thinking, and teamwork will occur. Students will be expected to demonstrate increased independence during the application of knowledge and skills in simulated pharmacy practice situations.

AR: attendance is required in practice sessions

CH: 5

CO: all Academic Term 10 Pharmacy courses

LC: 2

OR: practice sessions 3 hours per week

PR: PHAR 4251

5251

Pharmacy Practice VIII

is the final course in the series where students acquire, develop, and apply the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for the practice of pharmacy. Demonstration of competence in the areas of patient care, drug information, communication, professionalism, critical thinking, and teamwork will be expected. Application of knowledge and skills will occur in simulated pharmacy practice situations.

AR: attendance is required in practice sessions

CH: 4

CO: all Academic Term 11 Pharmacy courses

LC: 2

OR: practice sessions 3 hours per week; course runs over 10 weeks to accommodate PHAR 508P

PR: PHAR 5250

5270

Pharmacotherapy V

is the final course in the series that examines the pharmacotherapeutic management of common diseases and effective management of the patient’s drug therapy. Emphasis will be placed on identifying drug therapy problems, establishing therapeutic outcomes, recommending pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapeutic alternatives, developing individualized therapeutic regimens, and developing a monitoring plan to evaluate adherence, efficacy, and safety. Topics may include neurological, oncological, and addictions and mental health conditions.

CH: 6

CO: PHAR 5815

LC: 6

PR: PHAR 4271

5271

Advanced Pharmacotherapy

expands and integrates the knowledge and skills acquired from the Pharmacotherapy series of courses through application to complex patient scenarios. Critical thinking skills necessary for optimizing pharmacotherapy in a variety of patient care situations will be the focus of the course.

CH: 5

LC: 6

OR: course runs over 10 weeks to accommodate PHAR 508P

PR: PHAR 5270

5275

Symposium in Pharmacy

is a forum for students to research, develop and deliver formal presentations related to pharmacy practice. Students will be expected to interpret, synthesize, and present information effectively. The presentations will allow for application of knowledge and reflection on content.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 2

CO: PHAR 5251

LC: 2

5301

Clinical Toxicology

covers the toxicology and clinical management of toxicity associated with common medications.

CH: 2

CO: PHAR 5401

LC: 2

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

5302

Patient Care III

focuses on pharmaceutical care considerations in special patient populations (e.g., geriatrics, neonates, pediatrics, pregnancy and lactation, critically ill, etc.). Implementation of pharmaceutical care in hospital, ambulatory and community practice settings will be discussed.

CO: PHAR 5401

OR: tutorials 1 hour per week; attendance is required

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

5401

Therapeutics III

is part in a series that looks at the therapeutic management of common diseases. Topics may include but are not restricted to endocrine, psychiatric, renal and cardiovascular disorders. For each disease state discussion will centre around several key issues including: the establishment of desired therapeutic outcomes; development of appropriate pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapeutic alternatives; factors to be considered to aid in the selection of an individualized therapeutic regimen; and the development of a monitoring plan to evaluate efficacy and safety.

CH: 6

LC: 6

OR: tutorials 2 hours per week

PR: PHAR 4402

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

5430

Pharmacy Management II

prepares students for the various roles of management in pharmacy practice, regardless of position or practice setting. Management principles including communications, leadership, finance, human resources management, marketing, and promotion will be applied through demonstrating leadership, business planning, and pharmacy service implementation.

CH: 2

LC: 2

PR: PHAR 4420

5506

Pharmacy Research and Evaluation III

(same as the former PHAR 5501) discusses the principles of critical appraisal and provides opportunities to apply these principles to critique and evaluate current medical literature. Students will be assigned to a tutorial group, which will meet twice during the term to critically appraise at least two recently published studies. Emphasis will be placed on appropriate application of critical appraisal skills and group discussion of impact of study findings on clinical practice.

CH: 1

CR: the former PHAR 5501

LC: 0

OR: tutorials 1 hour per week

PR: PHAR 4505 or equivalent

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program

5640

Social Justice and the Pharmacist

will enable students to critically analyse the role of social justice as an integral part of the practice of pharmacy. The course will include a focus on the interconnectedness of health equity with global contexts that include social class, ethnicity, gender, ability, and mental health. Critical thinking skills will be used to examine complex health and social issues.

CH: 2

LC: 2

5650

Pharmacy Skills

(same as the former PHAR 5150) continues the development of the skills necessary for pharmacy practice in order to meet the educational outcomes for the fourth year of the pharmacy program. Students will continue to develop abilities in communication, professionalism, critical thinking, problem-solving, teamwork and self-directed learning. Students will build on their pharmacist care skills to meet patients’ drug-related needs in patients with multiple drug related problems. Refinement of verbal and written communication skills will be focus. Scenarios will relate to the courses of study in the fourth year and draw on material studies in earlier years of the program. Students will participate in interprofessional education (IPE) modules with students from other health related programs when such modules are available.

CO: all Academic Term 7 Pharmacy courses

CR: the former PHAR 5150

LC: 0

OR: practical sessions 3 hours per week; tutorials 1 hour per week; attendance is required

UL: applicable only to the Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) program1

5815

Pharmacology III

is the final course in the series that focuses on the pharmacological basis of the action of drugs leading to therapeutic effects, as well as adverse effects. Topics may include drugs used in the management of oncological, mental health, and neurological conditions as well as drugs of abuse.

CH: 2

CO: PHAR 5270

LH: 2

PR: PHAR 4810

5830

Applied Pharmacokinetics

discusses pharmacokinetic principles of drug selection, dosing, and monitoring in the clinical setting for individualization of drug therapy.

CH: 2

LH: 2

PR: PHAR 4820

5901

Pharmaceutical Care I

discusses the pharmacotherapeutic management of common diseases and effective management of patient’s drug therapy. The focus will be on identifying drug therapy problems, establishing therapeutic outcomes, recommending pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapeutic alternatives, developing individualized therapeutic regimens, and developing a monitoring plan to evaluate adherence, efficacy, and safety. Emphasis will be placed on diseases of the cardiovascular system.

PR: PHAR 4810

UL: applicable only to the Doctor of Pharmacy for Working Professionals

5902

Pharmaceutical Care II

discusses the pharmacotherapeutic management of common diseases and effective management of patient’s drug therapy. The focus will be on identifying drug therapy problems, establishing therapeutic outcomes, recommending pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapeutic alternatives, developing individualized therapeutic regimens, and developing a monitoring plan to evaluate adherence, efficacy, and safety. Emphasis will be placed on diseases of the renal and digestive systems.

PR: PHAR 4810

UL: applicable only to the Doctor of Pharmacy for Working Professionals

5903

Pharmaceutical Care III

discusses the pharmacotherapeutic management of common diseases and effective management of patient’s drug therapy. The focus will be on identifying drug therapy problems, establishing therapeutic outcomes, recommending pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapeutic alternatives, developing individualized therapeutic regimens, and developing a monitoring plan to evaluate adherence, efficacy, and safety. Emphasis will be placed on disorders of the protective, structural, and endocrine systems.

PR: PHAR 4810

UL: applicable only to the Doctor of Pharmacy for Working Professionals

5904

Pharmaceutical Care IV

discusses the pharmacotherapeutic management of common diseases and effective management of patient’s drug therapy. The focus will be on identifying drug therapy problems, establishing therapeutic outcomes, recommending pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapeutic alternatives, developing individualized therapeutic regimens, and developing a monitoring plan to evaluate adherence, efficacy and safety. Emphasis will be placed on respiratory disorders and infectious diseases.

PR: PHAR 4810

UL: applicable only to the Doctor of Pharmacy for Working Professionals

5905

Pharmaceutical Care V

discusses the pharmacotherapeutic management of common diseases and effective management of patient’s drug therapy. The focus will be on identifying drug therapy problems, establishing therapeutic outcomes, recommending pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapeutic alternatives, developing individualized therapeutic regimens, and developing a monitoring plan to evaluate adherence, efficacy, and safety. Emphasis will be placed on neurological disorders and mental health conditions.

PR: PHAR 4810

UL: applicable only to the Doctor of Pharmacy for Working Professionals

5920

Applied Learning II: Medication Safety and Evaluation

focuses on the principles of medication safety, medication use evaluation, adverse drug events, and medication errors and incident reporting. Students will demonstrate their learning through the completion of applied learning activities at their practice sites.

PR: PHAR 4810 and at least one of PHAR 5901, 5902, 5903, 5904, 5905

UL: applicable only to the Doctor of Pharmacy for Working Professionals

605P

Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience: Direct Patient Care

is an eight week (320 hours) practice experience completed during the final year of the program (following Academic Term 11). Students will be expected to demonstrate leadership in the responsible provision of patient care by becoming an integral member of the healthcare team while confidently using clinical reasoning and critical thinking skills. Mentorship of junior students may be a component of this experience.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 12

PR: all Academic Term 10 & 11 courses

606P

Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience: Acute Care Hospital

is an eight week (320 hours) practice experience where patient care is provided in an acute care hospital setting and is completed during the final year of the program (following Academic Term 11). Students will be expected to demonstrate leadership in the responsible provision of patient care by becoming an integral member of the healthcare team while confidently using clinical reasoning and critical thinking skills. Mentorship of junior students may be a component of this experience.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 12

PR: all Academic Term 10 & 11 courses

607P

Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience: Community Pharmacy

is an eight week (320 hours) practice experience where patient care is provided in a community pharmacy setting and is completed during the final year of the program (following Academic Term 11). Students will be expected to demonstrate leadership in the responsible provision of patient care by applying expanded scope of practice skills, as well as communicating and collaborating with patients, the pharmacy team, other health professionals, and the public while confidently using clinical reasoning and critical thinking skills. Mentorship of junior students may be a component of this experience.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 12

PR: all Academic Term 10 & 11 courses

608P

Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience: Elective

is a six week (240 hours) experience completed during the final year of the program (following Academic Term 11). The experience may occur in either a direct or non-direct patient care setting. Options include patient care, research, health policy, drug information, teaching/education, advocacy, and administration. Placements may vary from year to year depending upon site and preceptor availability.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 9

PR: all Academic Term 10 & 11 courses

610P

Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience: Ambulatory Care

is a six week (240 hours) practice experience completed during the final year of the program. Students will develop their medication therapy management skills and pharmaceutical care in an ambulatory care setting. Students will be expected to demonstrate leadership in the responsible provision of patient care by becoming an integral member of the healthcare team while confidently using clinical reasoning and critical thinking skills. Mentorship of junior students may be a component of this experience.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 9

PR: PHAR 6900, 6930 and at least four of PHAR 5901, 5902, 5903, 5904, 5905

UL: applicable only to the Doctor of Pharmacy for Working Professionals

611P

Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience: Inpatient Care

is a six week (240 hours) practice experience completed during the final year of the program. Students will develop the essential skills necessary to provide direct patient care in an inpatient setting. Students will be expected to demonstrate leadership in the responsible provision of patient care by becoming an integral member of the healthcare team while confidently using clinical reasoning and critical thinking skills. Mentorship of junior students may be a component of this experience.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 9

PR: PHAR 6900, 6930 and at least four of PHAR 5901, 5902, 5903, 5904, 5905

UL: applicable only to the Doctor of Pharmacy for Working Professionals

6900

Clinical Skills II

is an on-campus, three-day (21 hours) introduction to the Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience component of the program. Topics may include motivational interviewing, intraprofessional and interprofessional collaboration, documentation, and expanded scope of pharmacy practice. Students will continue to demonstrate skills in communication, physical assessment, and documentation. This course may commence beyond the semester start date.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 9

CO: PHAR 6930

PR: PHAR 4900

UL: applicable only to the Doctor of Pharmacy for Working Professionals

6930

Applied Learning III: Pharmaceutical Care and Interprofessional Collaboration

focuses on the expansion of skills in physical assessment, communication, documentation, teamwork, and interprofessional collaboration through the pharmaceutical care process. Students will demonstrate their learning through the completion of applied learning activities at their practice sites.

CO: PHAR 6930

PR: PHAR 5920 and at least three of PHAR 5901, 5902, 5903, 5904, 5905

UL: applicable only to the Doctor of Pharmacy for Working Professionals

AR = Attendance requirement; CH = Credit hours are 3 unless otherwise noted; CO = Co-requisite(s); CR = Credit can be retained for only one course from the set(s) consisting of the course being described and the course(s) listed; LC = Lecture hours per week are 3 unless otherwise noted; LH = Laboratory hours per week; OR = Other requirements of the course such as tutorials, practical sessions, or seminars; PR = Prerequisite(s); UL = Usage limitation(s).