Office of the Registrar
Faculty of Arts (2014/2015)
12.20 Linguistics

In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, the course descriptions for courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Department.

Linguistics courses are designated by LING.

1100

Language and Communication

is a general introduction to linguistic concepts which are important for understanding the nature of language, its change and its function for communication. Topics may include: languages as structured systems; the systematicity of language change; the classification of languages into families and their geographical distribution; language, the brain, and language disorders; the acquisition of language; and human versus animal communication.

CR: LING 2100

1103

Introduction to Morphology and Syntax

is an introduction to the study of the meaningful components of words and sentences. This course will demonstrate the principles by which parts of words are organized into larger units (inflectional morphology and word-formation), and by which words pattern into phrases and sentences (syntax). Synchronic and diachronic data from English and several other languages will be analysed to illustrate how language is structured.

CR: LING 2103

1104

Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology

is an introduction to the sounds of speech, their description (phonetics), organization (phonology), and interactions with morphology (morphophonology). The synchronic and diachronic patterns and regularities of language will be demonstrated through analysis of data selected from English and other languages.

CR: LING 2104

1105

The Wonder of Words

is an introduction to the structure of words. This course presents methods of linguistic analysis through an in-depth study of English word origins. The French, Latin and Greek origins of technical and scientific words are studied, together with the ways that these words may change in structure, sound, and meaning. The course will also provide an introduction to etymology, to writing systems and transliteration, and to the use of dictionaries.

CR: credit may not be obtained for both LING 2105 and the former LING 1101, nor for both LING 1105 and LING 2105

1530

Reading and Writing in Innu-aimun I

- inactive course.

1531

Reading and Writing in Innu-aimun II

- inactive course.

2020

Introduction to the Structure of Inuttitut I

- inactive course.

2021

Introduction to the Structure of Inuttitut II

- inactive course.

2022

Issues in Oral Inuttitut

reviews issues of oral Inuttitut. Topics included will be the primary role of oral language in communication, language, acquisition and language maintenance. The nature and significance of dialect differences will also be discussed. Different types of oral language will be examined, e.g. stories, newscasts, conversation. Students will study how oral language is used within modern Labrador society and whether language attitudes are reflected in this use. Students will also consider how best to teach oral Inuttitut and different ways to test for oral proficiency. This course is intended for fluent speakers of Inuttitut who are planning to complete the Diploma in Native and Northern Education (T.E.P.L.). This course is not normally offered at the St. John's campus.

PR: LING 2020

2023

Reading and Writing in Inuttitut

- inactive course.

2025

Introduction to Inuttitut I

introduces students to Inuttitut (Eskimo). Students will develop a working knowledge of basic vocabulary and grammar, as well as a number of linguistic concepts that will enable them to consult a wide range of reference books. A strong emphasis will be placed on oral skills. This course is intended for students who want to learn an Aboriginal language spoken in Newfoundland and Labrador.

2026

Introduction to Inuttitut II

is a continuation of LING 2025. Students will learn further vocabulary and grammar of the language. They will also be required to submit a project based on their own investigation of some aspect of the grammar of the language (based on either reference books or fieldwork). A strong emphasis will be placed on oral skills. This course is intended for students who want to learn an Aboriginal language spoken in Newfoundland and Labrador.

PR: LING 2025

2030

Introduction to Innu-aimun (Montagnais/Naskapi) I

- inactive course.

2031

Introduction to Innu-aimun (Montagnais/Naskapi) II

- inactive course.

2040

Introduction to Mi'kmaq I

- inactive course.

2041

Introduction to Mi'kmaq II

- inactive course.

2060

Aboriginal Languages of Eastern Canada

is an overview of the aboriginal languages of three language families of Eastern Canada: Eskimo-Aleut (Inuttitut) and Algonquian (Innu-aimun, Mièkmaq, Passamaquoddy-Maliseet and Beothuk) and Iroquoian (Mohawk) with respect to both linguistic structure and current vitality. The history of language suppression and revitalization efforts, within the context of the larger issues of minority language attrition and maintenance, is also considered.

2100

Language and Communication

is a general introduction to linguistic concepts which are important for understanding the nature of language, its change and its function for communication. Topics may include: languages as structured systems; the systematicity of language change; the classification of languages into families and their geographical distribution; language, the brain, and language disorders; the acquisition of language; and human versus animal communication.

CR: LING 1100

2103

Introduction to Morphology and Syntax

is an introduction to the study of the meaningful components of words and sentences. This course will demonstrate the principles by which parts of words are organized into larger units (inflectional morphology and word-formation), and by which words pattern into phrases and sentences (syntax). Synchronic and diachronic data from English and several other languages will be analysed to illustrate how language is structured.

CR: LING 1103

2104

Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology

is an introduction to the sounds of speech, their description (phonetics), organization (phonology), and interactions with morphology (morphophonology). The patterns and regularities of language will be demonstrated through analysis of synchronic and diachronic data selected from English and other languages.

CR: LING 1104

2105

The Wonder of Words

is an introduction to the structure of words. This course presents methods of linguistic analysis through an in-depth study of English word origins. The French, Latin, and Greek origins of technical and scientific words are studied, together with the ways that these words may change in structure, sound, and meaning. The course will also provide an introduction to etymology, to writing systems and transliteration, and to the use of dictionaries.

CR: credit may not be obtained for both LING 2105 and the former LING 1101, nor for both LING 1105 and LING 2105

2210

Language in Newfoundland and Labrador: An Introduction to Linguistic Variation

is an introduction to linguistic variation and language change in the English dialects and languages of Newfoundland and Labrador. Topics covered include the concept of variation within language, both regional and social; the chief causes of such variation, and some of its societal and educational consequences; a survey of the regional and social dialects of Newfoundland English, and their major features; an overview of languages in the province other than English, and their current situation. As a Research and Writing course, practical workshops and assignments focus on producing strong, academic writing and critical analysis/thinking skills necessary for undergraduate level research. This course qualifies as a Research/Writing course.

2300

Philosophy of Language and Mind

(same as Philosophy 2300) is a survey of philosophical thinking about human language and thought, and about how these phenomena relate to the rest of the natural world. Topics covered include the nature of language, the relations between thought and language, and the nature of consciousness.

CR: Philosophy 2300, the former Linguistics 2710, the former Philosophy 2710

2400

History of the English Language to 1500

- inactive course.

2401

History of the English Language from 1500 to Modern Times

- inactive course.

2700-2720 (Excluding 2710)

Special Topics in Linguistics

is an introduction to Uncommonly Taught Languages including the following:

2700

Introduction to Irish Gaelic I

is an introduction to Irish Gaelic I.

PR: LING 2103 or LING 2104 is recommended

2701

Introduction to Irish Gaelic II

is an introduction to Irish Gaelic II.

PR: LING 2700

2702

Introduction to Japanese I

is an introduction to Japanese I.

2703

Introduction to Japanese II

is an introduction to Japanese II.

PR: LING 2702

2704

Introduction to Japanese III

- inactive course.

2705

Introduction to Japanese IV

- inactive course.

2706

Introduction to Japanese V

- inactive course.

3000

Morphological Analysis

studies the meaningful parts from which words are built by using restricted data from a variety of languages. Practical work on selected languages will illustrate the wide range of notions which acquire formal expression in grammatical systems. Although previous knowledge of the languages to be discussed is not necessary, an important aspect of the course will be practical experience in analysing phenomena which are foreign to English. Discussion of languages taught at this University will be balanced with analysis of limited data sets from more exotic languages. Comparison of the means by which smaller units are organized into words will make possible an elementary typology of the world's languages.

PR: LING 1103 or LING 2103

3100

Generative Syntax

is an introduction to a major contemporary approach to syntactic theory. Topics include phrase structure and constituency, case theory and agreement, principles of thematic role assignment, parametric variation, and the different types of syntactic movement.

PR: LING 1103 or LING 2103

3104

Phonetics

builds on the introduction to phonetics given in LING 1104 or LING 2104, and deals with the wide range of sounds that are used in human languages. On the practical side, the student will systematically learn to identify, symbolize and pronounce a large number of sounds. The theoretical work will concentrate on an understanding of the articulatory, acoustic and perceptual features of speech sounds. This involves the close examination of data from foreign languages chosen to illustrate the fact that languages differ widely in their selection and organization of speech sounds. It also involves study of selected regional differences in the pronunciation of English.

PR: LING 1104 or LING 2104

3105

Issues in the Acquisition of English and the Adult Learner

- inactive course.

3150

Bilingualism: Linguistic, Cognitive and Educational Aspects

- inactive course.

3155

Introduction to Language Acquisition

will examine a number of critical issues in the first and second language acquisition of syntax and phonology. Current generative approaches to first and second language acquisition will be covered, which will be exemplified with data from different languages. An introduction to phonological and syntactic speech disorders will also be offered.

PR: LING 1103 or LING 2103 and LING 1104 or LING 2104

3201

Generative Phonology

will present the basic terms, concepts, and methods of Generative Phonology. Theoretical constructs surveyed will include distinctive feature theory and syllable structure. These constructs will be exemplified using phenomena observed in natural languages, including allophony, allomorphy, and processes such as assimilation and neutralization.

PR: LING 1104 or LING 2104

3210

Language Variation and Change

will provide a thorough grounding in the methods and theory underlying current approaches to language variation and change.

PR: LING 2210, or third-year standing, or permission of the instructor

3212

Language and Gender

is an introduction to research and critical thinking on the relationship of language and gender to culture, power, construction of identity, performance, interaction, social networks, language change, sexuality, and language in the school and workplace.

PR: LING 2210 or Gender Studies 1000

3220

Linguistics and the Law

is an overview of the many relationships between linguistics and the judicial process. Topics to be covered include: the language of legal texts, trademark, copyright, treaties and contract law, and the Plain English movement; language use in legal settings (such as eyewitness testimony, jury instructions, and the language of lawyer-client interactions); the legal disadvantages which language may impose on speakers of minority languages and non-standard dialects; and the discipline of forensic linguistics (which deals with such issues as voice and authorship identification, and linguistic interpretation of evidence).

PR: LING 1100 or LING 2100 or Law and Society 1000

3302

History of the French Language

(same as French 3302) is a study of the origins of French, including the influence of Gaulish, Vulgar Latin, Frankish and the langue d'oc/langue d'oïl division, a survey of the dialects, morphology and syntax of Old French and of the evolution from Old to Middle French, including phonology, morphology, syntax and vocabulary.

CR: French 3302

PR: 15 credit hours in French and/or Linguistics at the 2000 level or permission of the Head of the Department; Classics 1120 is strongly recommended

3310

Phonology and Morphology of French

(same as French 3310) is an examination of the phonological and morphological structure of French. Data from regional and non-standard varieties contrasted with data from standard French: formal rules to deal with observed regularities. Interactions of phonology and morphology in phenomena such as liaison. Derivational and inflectional morphology. Research articles on one or more of the topics dealt with in the course will be assigned as readings, and a written report in French based on one or more of the articles is to be submitted as part of the term work. This course will normally be taught in French.

CR: French 3310

PR: 15 credit hours in French and/or Linguistics at the 2000 level or permission of the instructor

3311

Introduction to General Linguistics: Aspects of French Linguistic Theory

(same as French 3311) is a practical examination of the French verbal system, with a thorough exposition of the systems of aspect, voice, tense and mood. The fundamental concepts of linguistics will form the framework of this exposition: the langue/parole distinction and its relationship to underlying and surface entities; language as activity and the generation of surface elements from underlying subsystems. This course will normally be taught in French.

CR: French 3311

PR: 15 credit hours in French and/or Linguistics at the 2000 level or permission of the instructor

3500

Historical Linguistics

will focus on: Genetic relationships between languages; the comparative method; language change found in phonetics/ phonology, morphology and syntax; lexical and semantic change; the role of language and dialect contact; comparative and internal reconstruction; the typological and genetic classification of languages.

PR: LING 1103 or LING 2103 and LING 1104 or LING 2104

3850

Semantics

is an introduction to the study of linguistic meaning. Word and sentence-level semantics, grammatical meaning, pragmatics, and logical aspects of meaning.

PR: LING 1103 or LING 2103 is required; LING 3000 and 3100 are recommended

3950-3960 (Excluding 3951)

Special Topics in Linguistics

will have topics to be studied announced by the Department.

3951

Language Endangerment and Revitalization

provides an introduction to the key issues surrounding the discussion of endangered languages. Causes, consequences, and efforts to reverse the process of decline (language revitalization or maintenance) are examined through consideration of case studies from around the world. Theoretical models developed to evaluate the current status and future prospects of endangered languages are also considered. The course is likely to include substantial discussion of the situation in Canada and the USA.

PR: LING 1100 or 2100

4010-4091

will focus on the linguistic structure of certain languages, and are designed to provide senior students with the opportunity of being exposed to a substantial part of the grammar of a language other than those regularly offered in the Faculty of Arts. One course in this series will be offered each year, subject to availability of instructor.

PR: LING 1103 or LING 2103 and LING 1104 or LING 2104 or the permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.

4050-4054

Linguistic Structure of a North American Aboriginal Language

could study the following languages: Cree, Inuttitut (Inuktitut), Innu-aimun (Montagnais/Naskapi), etc.

CR: Except where an exemption is supplied by the Head of the Department, a student may not obtain credit for more than one course in the LING 4050-4054 series. Students may not obtain credit for any of the previously offered LING 4010, 4020, 4021, 4030, 4031, 4040, 4041 in addition to a course in the LING 4050-4054 series.

PR: LING 1103 or LING 2103 and LING 1104 or LING 2104 or the permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.

4055-4059

Linguistic Structure of an Uncommonly Taught Language

provides instruction about the grammar, pronunciation, and literary and/or oral tradition of a language which is not regularly taught

CR: Except where an exemption is supplied by the Head of the Department, a student may not obtain credit for more than one course in the LING 4055-4059 series. Students may not obtain credit for any of the previously offered LING 4011, 4060, 4061, 4065, 4066, 4070, 4071, 4080, 4081, 4090, and 4091 in addition to a course in the LING 4055-4059 series.

PR: LING 1103 or LING 2103 and LING 1104 or LING 2104 or the permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.

4100

Morphosyntactic Analysis

is an analysis of a wide range of linguistic data in morphology and syntax. The course will focus on essential linguistic concepts in more than one theoretical framework, and on the nature of linguistic evidence. This course is usually offered in alternate years.

CR: the former LING 4001

PR: LING 3000

4110

Selected Topics in Generative Grammar

examines a particular topic or set of related topics which are selected by the instructor and which are important in contemporary generative theory. Readings will normally come from the primary literature. This course is usually offered in alternate years.

PR: LING 3100

4150

Language Acquisition II

provides an evaluation of the theoretical aspects of first and second language acquisition. Theories about the role of linguistic principles, learnability and the role of linguistic input are discussed, in light of research on the acquisition of English and other languages.

PR: LING 3155

4151

Advanced Topics in Phonological Acquisition

will address current empirical and theoretical issues pertaining to the first language acquisition of phonology. From an empirical perspective, we will look at developmental patterns as well as variation or lack thereof among and between learners, within and across languages. From a theoretical perspective, we will address how theoretical frameworks can, and at times cannot, account for the variation observed. We will address how the language input provided by different languages can influence the learner’s analysis of the phonology of this language during the course of acquisition. This influence will be both addressed in terms of grammatical learning and from the perspective of production patterns observed in the data.

PR: LING 3155

4201

Phonological Theory

will familiarize students with current issues in phonological theory. Issues such as phonology in the lexicon, segmental and prosodic representations, the analysis of stress and tonal systems, as well as a comprehensive introduction to constraint-based approaches to phonology will be covered. Students will further develop their ability to analyse phonological data. This course is usually offered in alternate years.

PR: LING 3201

4202

Selected Topics in Generative Phonology

- inactive course.

4210

Sociolinguistics

studies the detailed patterns of variation found in any given speech community, and factors which co-vary with them; the various theoretical models proposed to account for such variability. As their major assignment, students will complete a carefully restricted sociolinguistic project. This course is usually offered in alternate years.

PR: LING 2210

4301

French Dialects, Patois and Argots

- inactive course.

4310

The French Language in Canada

- inactive course.

4350

General Romance Linguistics

- inactive course.

4400

Historical and Comparative Linguistics

- inactive course.

4403

Etymology: History of English Words

- inactive course.

4420

English Dialectology I

- inactive course.

4421

English Dialectology II

- inactive course.

4500

Introduction to Field Methods

is data collection and organization for an unfamiliar language in a simulated field situation, including methods of elicitation, data filing, preliminary analysis, and hypothesis formation and testing. In this course students will also learn to apply analytical skills developed in the core theoretical areas of phonetics/phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics. This course is usually offered in alternate years.

PR: LING 3000 or 3100, and 3201 or permission of the instructor

4700

Experimental Phonetics

examines some empirical methods of studying the different stages of 'the speech chain' which links speaker to hearer, with special emphasis on the acoustic and perceptual stages. The source-plus-filter theory of speech production. A survey of the range of natural articulations and their acoustic effects. Some competing theories of speech perception. Acoustic versus perceptual bases for phonological features.

PR: LING 1104 or 2104

4750

Selected Topics in Phonology

will have topics to be studied announced by the Department. This course introduces students to more advanced topics in core linguistic disciplines.

PR: LING 4201 or LING 4202

4751

Selected Topics in Morpho-Syntax

will have topics to be studied announced by the Department. This course introduces students to more advanced topics in core linguistic disciplines.

PR: LING 4100 or LING 4110

4752

Selected Topics in Semantics

will have topics to be studied announced by the Department. This course introduces students to more advanced topics in core linguistic disciplines.

PR: LING 3850

4753

Selected Topics in Acquisition

will have topics to be studied announced by the Department. This course introduces students to more advanced topics in core linguistic disciplines.

PR: LING 4150 or LING 4151

4754

Selected Topics in Linguistic Variation

will have topics to be studied announced by the Department. This course introduces students to more advanced topics in core linguistic disciplines.

PR: LING 4210

4900-4901

Independent Study

are courses that are open to advanced students wishing to do individual research in consultation with an advisor.

PR: permission of instructor

4950-4960

Special Topics in Linguistics

will have topics to be studied announced by the Department.

PR: permission of the instructor

4999

Honours Essay

is required as part of the honours program.

AR = Attendance requirement; CH = Credit hours are 3 unless otherwise noted; CO = Co-requisite(s); CR = Credit can be retained for only one course from the set(s) consisting of the course being described and the course(s) listed; LC = Lecture hours per week are 3 unless otherwise noted; LH = Laboratory hours per week; OR = Other requirements of the course such as tutorials, practical sessions, or seminars; PR = Prerequisite(s); UL = Usage limitation(s).