School of Pharmacy

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS


FIRST YEAR OF PHARMACY STUDIES

NOTE: WHERE SPECIFIC PREREQUISITES ARE NOT GIVEN, THE COURSES NORMALLY TAKEN TO MEET THE ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION WILL PROVIDE ANY NECESSARY PREREQUISITES.

Pharmacy 3005. Pharmaceutical Preparations (F) (3 cr. hrs.). An introduction to the theory and formulation of pharmaceutical dosage forms as they apply to pharmacy practice. The laboratory consists of exercises in the compounding of various types of preparations studied in the classroom. Examples of calculations employed in pharmacy practice are studied where appropriate.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week. Attendance is required.

Pharmacy 3011. Orientation to Pharmacy (F) (2 cr. hrs.). An introduction to the history, organization and the role of pharmacy in the health care system. Special emphasis will be given to the federal and provincial regulations which govern the practice of pharmacy. The relationship between law and ethics will also be discussed. The laboratory consists of computer applications as they pertain to pharmacy practice.
Lectures: Two hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week. Attendance is required.

Pharmacy 3101. Human Anatomy (F) (3 cr. hrs.). Basic knowledge of cell biology, embryology and gross anatomy is presented in lectures and laboratories. The laboratory consists of demonstrations using bones, cadavers, prosected specimens, slides and photographs.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Six three-hour laboratories. Attendance is required.

Pharmacy 3110. Introduction to Biochemistry (F) (3 cr. hrs.). An introductory course dealing with the chemistry and metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids and nucleic acids. Emphasis will be given to enzyme systems and the utilization of energy.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Tutorials: As required.
NOTE: Credit cannot be received for Pharmacy 3110 and Biochemistry 2101.

Biochemistry 3200. Basic Human Nutrition I (F) (3 cr. hrs.). A study of the nutrients essential to human health and well-being, with emphasis on carbohydrates, proteins and lipids - chemistry, dietary source, dietary requirements, metabolism, physiological importance.
Corequisite: Pharmacy 3110.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

Medicine 310A/B. Human Physiology (F)(W) (6 cr. hrs.). Topics covered are the properties of nerves and muscle cells, the nervous system, the special senses, blood and body fluids, the cardiovascular system, digestion, respiration, renal function, endocrinology and reproduction. Integration of the body's systems in maintaining homeostasis will be emphasized.
Prerequisite or Corequisite: Pharmacy 3110. Permission of Instructor or Associate Dean of Basic Sciences for students other than Biochemistry Majors.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Up to three hours per week.

Pharmacy 3012. Physical Pharmacy (W) (3 cr. hrs.). Physicochemical aspects of drugs and formulations and their importance in designing efficient dosage forms. Principles of physical chemistry will be applied to understand absorption mechanisms from different dosage forms and routes of administration. Topics covered will include intermolecular forces, solubility, diffusion, ionic equilibria, kinetics, complexation, rheology, interfacial phenomena, colloids and polymers.
Lectures: 3 hours per week
Laboratory: 3 hours per week. Attendance is required.
NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Pharmacy 3012 and the former Pharmacy 4002.

Pharmacy 3004. Professional Practice (W) (2 cr. hrs.). Introduction to a dispensary and the operations of a dispensary. Application of pharmacy regulations in the dispensing of medications. Pharmacy record keeping using computerized and manual systems. Usage of drug delivery systems and devices. Emphasis is placed on patient counselling and the pharmaceutical care approach. Current topics of interest in professional practice will be offered by faculty, visiting speakers and graduate students.
Lecture/Seminar: Two hours per week.
Laboratory: Two hours per week. Attendance is required.
NOTE: The passing grade in Pharmacy 3004 Professional Practice is 70%, failing which the student may be required to withdraw.

Pharmacy 3103. Microbiology of Infectious Diseases (W) (3 cr. hrs.). The various types of micro-organisms (bacterial, viral, parasitic and fungal), the environment in which they are able to multiply and their relationship to human diseases. The classifications of their morphology, mode of reproduction and the metabolic process, the physiological and epidemiological principles of infectious diseases and their manifestations are discussed including the principles of immunization.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: One hour per week.

Pharmacy 3111. General Biochemistry (W) (3 cr. hrs.). Metabolism of amino acids and complex lipids. Coenzyme function of vitamins. Metabolic and functional specialization of different cells and tissues.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Tutorials: As required.
NOTE: Credit cannot be received for Pharmacy 3111 and Biochemistry 3106.

Chemistry 3100. Analytical Chemistry I (W) (3 cr. hrs.). Treatment of data, gravimetric analysis, volumetric analysis including oxidation-reduction titrations using electrochemical techniques, the use of specific ion electrodes and titrations in non-aqueous systems. Spectrophotometric trace analysis and titrations.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 2300.
Lectures and Laboratories: Not more than seven hours per week.
Attendance at laboratories is required.

Pharmacy 300W. Studentship (S). Non-credit course. Practical training in a pharmacy after classes and examinations in the Winter Semester have ended.
Prerequisites: All courses required in the Fall and Winter Semesters of the First Year. Twelve weeks, 35 hours per week. Attendance is required.

SECOND YEAR OF PHARMACY STUDIES

NOTE: WHERE SPECIFIC PREREQUISITES ARE NOT GIVEN, THE COURSES NORMALLY TAKEN TO MEET THE REQUIREMENTS FOR PROMOTION FROM FIRST TO SECOND YEAR WILL PROVIDE ANY NECESSARY PREREQUISITES.

Pharmacy 4004. Pathophysiology (F) (3 cr. hrs.). The nature of disease, causes and effects, and alteration in structure and function of cells. Inflammation, neoplasia, genetic and chromosomal diseases, healing and repair, stress and disease.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

Pharmacy 4005. Chemotherapy (F) (2 cr. hrs.). The structure, mechanism of action, selected chemical and physical properties and structure-activity relations of antibiotics and anti-fungal, anti-viral, anti-protozoal, and anti-neoplastic agents. Isolation and history of chemotherapeutic agents. Host defence mechanisms, selectivity, sensitivity and resistance. Interferon, immunosuppressants and immunostimulants.
Lectures: Two per week.

Pharmacy 4006. Applied Pharmacokinetics (F) (3 cr. hrs.). Introduction to biopharmaceutical and pharmacokinetic principles useful in the selection, monitoring and evaluation of drug therapy. Application of these principles in evaluating drug literature and developing drug dosage regimens of selected classes of drugs for individual patients.
Prerequisite: Pharmacy 3012.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory Hours: Up to three hours per week. Attendance is required.

Pharmacy 4010. Medicinal Chemistry I (F) (3 cr. hrs.). The structures, selected chemical and physical properties, mechanisms of action, and structure-activity relationships of drugs other than chemotherapeutic agents. Theoretical aspects of drug design and drug metabolism. Medicinal agents of plant origin and inorganic pharmaceuticals are also included.
Prerequisite: Pharmacy 4010.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

Pharmacy 401W (F). Non-credit course. Seminars to be given by faculty, visiting speakers and graduate students on current topics in the pharmaceutical sciences. The final grade, Pass or Fail, will be based on attendance and participation. Attendance is required.
NOTE: i) This course is a necessary prerequisite for Pharmacy 402W ii) One billing hour has been assigned to this course.

Pharmacy 4105. Immunology (F) (3 cr. hrs.). Introduction to the molecular and cellular basis of immunity and hypersensitivity. Discussion of the manipulation of the immune system in the management and treatment of disease.
Lectures/Tutorials: Three per week.
NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Pharmacy 4105 and the former Pharmacy 3105.

Medicine 4300. Introduction to General and Autonomic Pharmacology (F) (3 cr. hrs.). This course will deal with the general principles of pharmacology (receptors, absorption, distribution, metabolism, pharmacokinetics), drugs affecting peripheral nerve transmission, the central nervous system and the cardiovascular system.
Prerequisite: Medicine 310A/B.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three laboratories of three hours each. Attendance is required.

Elective (F). Any three credit hours chosen from the Calendar with the approval of the Director of the School of Pharmacy (or delegate). (At least one of the Pharmacy elective courses must be completed to satisfy the elective requirement in the pharmacy programme).
Lectures: Three hours per week.

Pharmacy 4003. Pharmacy Administration (W) (1 cr. hr.). Management principles useful in operating a pharmacy. General concepts of pharmaceutical marketing and an examination of how health care is provided.
Corequisite: Business 1000.
Lectures: One hour per week.

Pharmacy 4104. Therapeutics I (W) (3 cr. hrs.). This course will provide an understanding of the therapeutic management of common disease states. The student is introduced to the pathophysiologies of common disease states, current drug (prescription and non-prescription) and non-drug therapies, procedures used to monitor drug therapy for clinical response, adverse reactions, drug interactions and contraindications, and the process for distinguishing the rational from the irrational use of drugs. The appropriateness and effectiveness of self-medication treatments will also be discussed.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Pharmacy 4104 and former Pharmacy 5003.

Pharmacy 4009. Pharmacology (W) (3 cr. hrs.). An undergraduate course for Pharmacy students and non-medical students who have completed Medicine 4300 (Pharmacology) or its equivalent (essential prerequisite). The course consists of lectures, laboratories and clinical case studies designed to explore topics in general pharmacology. Topics include: the pharmacology of inflammation, drugs used in the treatment of inflammatory diseases, renal pharmacology, haemostasis, anticoagulant and antithrombotic drugs, antihyperlipidemics, drugs used in the treatment of anemia, and endocrine pharmacology.
Prerequisite: Medicine 4300 (or equivalent)
Lectures: Three hours per week
Laboratory/Tutorial Hours: Up to three hours per week. Attendance is required.

Pharmacy 4011. Medicinal Chemistry II (W) (3 cr. hrs.). The structures, selected chemical and physical properties, mechanisms of action, and structure-activity relationships of drugs other than chemotherapeutic agents. Theoretical aspects of drug design and drug metabolism. Medicinal agents of plant origin and inorganic pharmaceuticals are also included.
Prerequisite: Pharmacy 4010.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

Pharmacy 402W (W). Non-credit course. Seminars to be given by faculty, visiting speakers and graduate students on current topics in the pharmaceutical sciences. The final grade, Pass or Fail, will be based on attendance and participation.
Attendance is required.
NOTE: i) This course is a necessary prerequisite for Pharmacy 501W ii) One billing hour has been assigned to this course.

Biochemistry 3201. Basic Human Nutrition II (W) (3 cr. hrs.). A study of the vitamins, minerals and trace elements essential to human health and well being - chemistry, dietary source, dietary requirements, physiological role, deficiency syndromes.
Prerequisite: Biochemistry 3200
Corequisite: Pharmacy 3111
Lectures: Three hours per week.

Business 1000. Introduction to Business (W) (3 cr. hrs.). An overview of business in the Canadian environment is presented in the course with emphasis on the stakeholders involved and the issues confronting managers. The course examines the functional areas of enterprise (finance, marketing, production, and human resources management) in addition to providing an overview of the business system. An analysis of actual business situations provides a framework of study. NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Business 2001 and Business 1000.

Elective (W). Any three credit hours chosen from the Calendar with the approval of the Director of the School of Pharmacy (or delegate). (At least one of the Pharmacy elective courses must be completed to satisfy the elective requirement in the pharmacy programme).
Lectures: Three hours per week.

Pharmacy 410W. Studentship (S). Non-credit course. Practical training in a pharmacy after classes and examinations in the Winter Semester have ended.
Prerequisite: All courses required in the Fall and Winter Semesters of the Second Year.
Twelve weeks: 35 hours per week. Attendance is required.

THIRD YEAR OF PHARMACY STUDIES

NOTE: WHERE SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS ARE NOT GIVEN, THE COURSES NORMALLY TAKEN TO MEET THE REQUIREMENTS FOR PROMOTION FROM SECOND TO THIRD YEAR WILL PROVIDE ANY NECESSARY PREREQUISITES.

Pharmacy 5001. Human Toxicology (F) (3 cr. hrs.). This course will cover: 1) the basic principles of toxicology, including toxicokinetics, mechanisms of toxicity and the major causes of mortality; 2) the toxicology and treatment of the drugs that are the most important human poisons; and 3) how new drug entities are assessed and regulated for safety.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

Pharmacy 5104. Therapeutics II (F) (7 cr. hrs.). This course will provide an understanding of the therapeutic management of common diseases. The student is introduced to the pathophysio-logies of common disease states, current drug (prescription and non-prescription) and non-drug therapies, procedures used to monitor drug therapy for clinical response, adverse reactions, drug interactions and contraindications, and the process for distinguishing the rational from the irrational use of drugs. The appropriateness and effectiveness of self-medication treatments will also be discussed.
Lectures: Four hours per week.
NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Pharmacy 5104 and the former Pharmacy 5003.

Pharmacy 5005. Communication & Patient Counselling (F) (1 cr. hr.). The aim of this course is to help the student develop self-confidence and interpersonal communication skills, with particular emphasis on situations that he/she might encounter when practising pharmacy. Lectures: Two hours per week for four weeks.

Pharmacy 5008. Radiopharmacy (F) (1 cr. hr.). An introductory course discussing basic principles in the application of radiation and radioactive compounds in medical diagnosis and therapy. The rationale for the use, preparation and quality control of radiopharmaceuticals is also covered.
Lectures: Twelve hours
Laboratory: Six hours. Attendance is required.

Pharmacy 5009. Pharmacoepidemiology (F) (3 cr. hrs.). This course will cover: 1) the principles of epidemiology and its application in public health and the health services delivery system; 2) the methods used in pharmacoepidemiologic studies; 3) the use of pharmacoepidemiology to study the benefit risk and effectiveness of drugs; and 4) the use of clinical trials to establish the efficacy of new drugs.
Lectures: Two hours per week.

Pharmacy 5017. Pharmaceutical Technology (F) (3 cr. hrs.). The principles governing the development and evaluation of novel delivery systems for drugs including therapeutic proteins and peptides. The course objectives are to provide knowledge of the physicochemical and biopharmaceutical aspects of the design, use and evaluation of novel drug delivery systems with emphasis on controlled release systems for oral and percutaneous delivery.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Up to three hours per week. Attendance is required.
NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Pharmacy 5017 and the former Pharmacy 5007.

Pharmacy 501W. Non-credit course (F). Seminars to be given by faculty, visiting speakers and graduate students on current topics in the pharmaceutical sciences. The final grade, Pass or Fail will be based on attendance and participation.
Attendance is required.
NOTE: One billing hour has been assigned to this course.

Elective (F). Any three credit hours chosen from the Calendar with the approval of the Director of the School of Pharmacy (or delegate). (At lease one of the Pharmacy elective courses must be completed to satisfy the elective requirement in the pharmacy programme).
Lectures: Three hours per week.

Pharmacy 500X. Clinical Clerkship (W). (15 cr. hrs.). Provides experience in clinical practice. Students will participate as members of the health care team. They will be responsible for providing pharmaceutical care to patients. Activities will include attending patient care rounds, providing in-services and drug information, and participating in case presentations. Students will be evaluated periodically throughout the clerkship and will also be required to pass a written exam.
Prerequisite: Successful completion of the fall semester of the third year.
Two six week modules, 35 hours per week. Attendance is required.

Pharmacy Electives

Pharmacy 501A/B. Pharmaceutical Research (F & W) (6 cr. hrs.). A two semester course involving supervised laboratory research on an original scientific problem in pharmaceutics, pharmacology, toxicology or therapeutics. A thesis is to be submitted as a formal written document before the end of the 11th week of the Winter Semester. In addition, an oral presentation is to be given to the School before the end of the Winter Semester.
Prerequisite: Consent of the Undergraduate Studies Committee.

Pharmacy 5011. Pharmaceutical Biotechnology (W) (3 cr. hrs.). Principles of molecular biological technologies, particularly those of recombinant DNA, in the production of pharmaceuticals, especially proteins, peptides, monoclonal antibodies, vaccines and cytokines as well as those for gene therapy. Drug-receptor interactions and molecular modelling in drug design. Stability and delivery of protein-peptide products. Clinical and therapeutic aspects of biotechnology products.
Prerequisites: Pharmacy 4105, 4010 and Medicine 4300.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

Pharmacy 5012. Pharmaceutical Analysis (F) (3 cr. hrs.). Spectral (UV-Vis, fluorescence, IR, NMR and MS) and chromatographic (TLC, GC and HPLC) analysis of pharmaceutical agents and their metabolites. The laboratory consists of problem-solving exercises in analytical techniques widely employed in the pharmaceutical industry.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 3100 or equivalent.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

Pharmacy 5013. Hospital Pharmacy Administration (F) (3 cr. hrs.). This course will cover the organization, financial controls and human resources management of hospital pharmacy services and their development. New trends affecting hospital pharmacy services will be discussed.
Lectures/Tutorials: Three hours per week.
Prerequisite: No prerequisite but a studentship in hospital pharmacy would be an asset. Permission of the instructor is required.


Last modified on March 29, 1999 by MaryJane Puxley

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