Sir Wilfred Grenfell College


Programme Chair: Dr. W. Iams


The B.Sc. in Environmental Science requires the completion of at least 120 credit hours. The student will complete an Environmental Science Core (51-54 credit hours), providing a broad appreciation of the interrelationships inherent in any study of the environment, and a more specific stream (at least 30 credit hours) which will provide the depth and focus for the degree programme. Students must ensure that their chosen combination of required and elective courses meets the Sir Wilfred Grenfell College Core Programme requirements.

Environmental Science Core

The Environmental Science Core Requirements are outlined below. New courses in the Environmental Science Core are designated "ENVS" for Environmental Science and are numbered according to the scheme outlined under the heading "New Course Numbering".

The student must complete:

(a) Biology 1001, 1002, 2600
Chemistry 1200*, 1001*
Mathematics 1000* (or 1080 and 1081)
Statistics 2550 or equivalent
Environmental Science 4000(Environmental Science Seminar)
Environmental Science 4950 (Research Project in Environmental Science I)

(b) one of the following pairs:

Earth Science 1000/1001
Geography 1000/2102
Physics 1020*/1021* (or 1050/1054)

(c) at least two of:

Anthropology 3083 (Cultural Crises and the Environment)
Economics 2010 (Introduction to Microeconomics)
Environmental Studies 3000 (Environmental Economics)
Philosophy 2809 (Environmental Ethics)
Political Science 3550 (Politics and Environment)
Political Science 3731 (Environmental Policy)
Religious Studies 3880 (Spirituality and Environment)

(d) at least three of:

Environmental Studies 2000 or equivalent
Environmental Science 2261
Environmental Science 2360
Environmental Science 2370
Environmental Science 2371
Environmental Science 2430
Environmental Science 2450
Environmental Science 3072
Environmental Science 3470

* It is strongly recommended that students considering the Chemistry stream of the Environmental Science Programme complete asterisked courses in their first year.

Stream Requirements

Courses required in each stream are listed below:

Biology stream (ESB)

(a) Biology 2010, 2122, 3041, 3610, 4360, 4820 or equivalent
Chemistry 2300 or 2440
Environmental Science 3130, 4130 or Environmental Science 4131

One other laboratory Science or Statistics course beyond the first year level approved by the Programme Chair. Recommended options include: Statistics 2560, Biology 2210, 3250, Biochemistry 2101, 3106.

(b) a second pair beyond the pair selected from Environmental Science Core (b):

Earth Science 1000/1001
Geography 1000/2102
Physics 1020/1021 (or 1050/1054)

Chemistry stream (ESCh)

Chemistry 2210, 2300 or 2400/2401 or equivalent
Environmental Science 3210, 3211, 3260, 3261, 4230, 4240
Mathematics 1001*

* It is strongly recommended that students complete asterisked courses in their first year.


An honours degree offers depth in a discipline or coherent multidisciplinary concentration greater than that attained by completion of the general bachelor's specialization, while still meeting the Core Programme requirements of Grenfell general degree programmes. An honours programme also requires a higher level of academic achievement. The Grenfell honours Bachelor of Science degree is a 120 credit hour programme that is normally completed within four years. The following requirements govern the honours degree of Bachelor of Science in Environmental Science (B.Sc. Honours Environmental Science) at Sir Wilfred Grenfell College. (The normal sequences of courses for both streams are shown in Tables B.3 and B.5.)

Declaration of Intent

The candidate shall submit a declaration of intent to pursue the honours degree, in writing, to the head(s)/programme chair(s) of the honours programme in question and to the College Registrar not later than the beginning of the applicant's fifth semester.

NOTE: Students who wish to pursue the honours degree programme in Environmental Science and who are in attendance at a recognized post-secondary institution normally may not transfer into the Environmental Science programme at a point later than the end of the fourth semester.

Course Requirements for the Honours Degree in Environmental Science

1. In addition to the College Core Programme requirements, which must be met by all Grenfell degree candidates, those who have declared an intention to pursue the honours programme in Environmental Science must complete the Environmental Science Core requirements and the course requirements of a specific stream, as well as any other courses to achieve a total of 120 credit hours.

2. Honours candidates must complete six credit hours in courses at the fourth-year level beyond those included in the general degree specialization (or stream). These courses must be drawn from the candidate's honours specialization as follows:

a) For the honours Bachelor of Science in Environmental Science (Biology):

Any two courses from:

Biology 4306 (Applied Biology)
Environmental Science 4069 (Fundamentals of Soil Systems)
Environmental Science 4479 (Groundwater Flow)

b) For the honours Bachelor of Science in Environmental Science (Chemistry):

Environmental Science 4249 (Environmental Organic Chemistry)
Environmental Science 4239 (Aquatic Chemistry II)
Environmental Science 4069 (Fundamentals of Soil Systems)
Environmental Science 4479 (Groundwater Flow)

3. The courses required under 2 above may be changed upon application to the Academic Studies Committee.

4. Exceptional students, in close consultation with a faculty advisor and the agreement of the Programme Chair affected, may select fourth-year honours requirement courses of their own choosing, so long as such selections are consistent with the Specializations to which they are added. Such honours selections will be subject to approval by Academic Studies Committee.

5. Honours graduates of the Environmental Science Programme will have also completed a two-semester research project, consisting of the general degree one-semester project course (Environmental Science 4950) and a further one-semester research course (Environmental Science 4959).


The research project sequence (Environmental Science 4950/4959; see 5 above) culminates in an honours dissertation. The dissertation will be evaluated by a committee consisting of the dissertation supervisor and two other faculty members. An oral presentation may be required, at the discretion of the relevant Programme Chair.

Academic Standing

To graduate with an honours degree in Environmental Science (Biology or Chemistry stream) the student must meet the academic standards for an honours Bachelor of Science degree at Memorial University, that is, the student must obtain: (i) a grade of "B" or better, OR an average of 75% or higher (whichever is to the candidate's advantage) in the courses which comprise the minimum number of credit hours in the relevant Environmental Science stream, excluding 1000 level courses but including any other Environmental Science core, stream or honours courses; and (ii) an average of at least 1.75 points on the total number of credit hours required for the degree.

Residence Requirements

To qualify for an honours degree in science, a candidate shall attend a recognized university or an equivalent institution for at least seven semesters as a full-time student. Honours candidates transferring credits to Memorial University from other universities or equivalent institutions shall EITHER spend a minimum of four of the seven semesters as full-time students at Memorial University, and take a minimum of twenty-four credit hours in their honours discipline OR take a minimum of thirty-six credit hours in their honours discipline as full-time students at Memorial University (whichever is to their advantage), PROVIDED that the total number of semesters spent as full-time students at this and other recognized universities or equivalent institutions will not be less than seven.

Last modified on October 8, 1997 by MaryJane Puxley

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