With the exception of Engineering 1000, courses offered by the Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science are identified by a four-digit numbering system, each digit signifying the following:

FIRST - Academic term during which the course is normally offered

SECOND - The primary areas of study, namely:

1 - Complementary Studies

2 - Structure and Behaviour of Materials

3 - Physical Concepts

4 - Mathematics

5 - Engineering Design

6 - Resource-Related

7 - Civil Engineering

8 - Electrical Engineering

9 - Mechanical Engineering

0 - Ocean and Naval Architectural Engineering

THIRD - Course grouping within areas or programmes

FOURTH - Course sequence or revision.

**COURSE LIST**

**TERM 1 COURSES**

*NOTE: All students take an approved Complementary Studies elective in Term 1. The electives
are normally courses offered in the Faculty of Arts.*

**1000. An Introduction to Engineering.** What is engineering? Historical perspective. Creativity
and design. Engineering problem solving. Fields of engineering. Communication skills. Ethics
and professional responsibility.

**1313. Mechanics I.** **Statics with an Introduction to Dynamics.** Introduction to vector algebra.
Coplanar and non-coplanar force systems, equivalent force systems, moments and equilibrium,
emphasizing the use of free body diagrams. Analysis of trusses, frames and machines. Dry
friction. Centers of gravity and centroids. Moments of inertia of areas. Geometric aspects of
particle motion (kinematics).

**1333. Basic Electrical Concepts and Circuits.** Electrical charge, the electric field, energy and
voltage, electrical current; the magnetic field and its relation to current; sources of electromotive
force. Basics of signals and waveforms, periodicity, average and root-mean-square values.
Conduction, charge storage, and magnetic flux changes as a basis for component models as
resistance, capacitance, and inductance; power and energy relationships. Kirchhoff's laws;
formulation and solution for simple circuits; equivalent circuits; Thevenin and Norton
representations. The sinusoidal steady state for R-L-C circuits; energy transfer and power,
energy storage and reactive power; phasor methods. Relevant laboratory exercises.

*NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both Engineering 1333 and 2333.*

**1405. Engineering Mathematics I.** Linear systems and matrices, vector spaces, sequences &
series, complex numbers, parametric and polar curves.

**1503. Engineering Design I.** Graphics I: A course in the development of spatial reasoning and
effective graphic communication skills. Third angle orthographic projections of points, lines and
planes in space with progression from this to solid objects including the use of auxiliary planes
for complete description. Basic descriptive geometry. Intersections and development. Tools will
be used but free hand sketching will be emphasized.

Computer Graphics: This component of the course introduces the use of a computer aided design package for the construction of three dimensional, wire-frame, models of engineering objects. These models are used for creating all the necessary projections for the production of engineering drawings. The engineering graphics principles, sketching, and visualization skills developed in the graphics portion of the course are employed and reinforced.

**100W. Software Applications.** Introduction to IBM Compatible Computers. Hardware and
Software, Basic Computer Architecture. ROM and RAM, introduction to MS DOS. Commonly
used MS DOS commands. Applications Software III, the Word Processor.

**TERM 2 COURSES**

**2205. Chemistry and Physics of Engineering Materials I.** An introduction to the structure and
properties of engineering materials, in particular metals, semiconductors, ceramics, glasses and
polymers. Topics include a review of atomic bonding, discussion of basic crystalline and
amorphous structures, point and line defects, and the role these structural features play in elastic
and plastic deformation, yield, fracture, glass transition, thermal conductivity, thermal expansion,
specific heat and electrical conductivity. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**2313. Mechanics II.** **Kinematics and Kinetics of Rigid Bodies.** Kinematics, review of particle
kinematics, rigid body kinematics in a plane, introduction to rigid body kinematics in 3-D.
Kinetics (particle and rigid body theory), force-acceleration, work-energy, impulse momentum.
Engineering applications of rigid body kinematics and kinetics.

**2420. Structured Programming.** Simple programmes and the programming environment. An
introduction to computer architecture - hardware, instructions and data. The major control
structures as building blocks for computer programmes. Variables, constants and data types,
representations, ranges and declarations. Simple input/output processes and data formatting.
Strings. Functions, subroutines and the basic issues of modularity. Programming style. Sequential
files.

**2422. Engineering Mathematics II.** Partial differentiation, ordinary differential equations,
Laplace transforms, applications.

**2502. Engineering Design II.** Graphics II: Brief review of third angle orthographic projections
of solid objects. Dimensioning and tolerancing. Working drawings, sections, details and
assembly drawings, pictorial drawings.

Synthesis: The development of a systematic approach to problem solving. Topics include design criteria, solution generation, solution evaluation, feasibility analysis, effective communication - the written report and oral presentations of reports. Topics will be illustrated by case studies and through specially selected design projects.

**290W. Mechanical/Ocean and Naval Architectural Engineering Workshop.** Introduction to
machine shop practice, metal cutting tools and related safety principles. The use of hand tools
and the function, capacity, control and safe operation of power tools such as saws, grinders, drill
presses, lathes and milling machines. Properties of metals, heat treating, flame cutting and
welding. Emphasis is placed on developing skills using a hands-on approach.

**200W. Professional Development Seminars.** Seminars introducing the student to co-operative
education. Topics include objectives for the work term component of the engineering
programme, preparation for the job competition, interview skills, the work environment, basic
professional ethics, communication in the work place, occupational health and safety, learning
goals in the work place, work reports.

**001W. Engineering Work Term I (Spring Semester).** For most students this Work Term
represents their first experience in an engineering or related work environment and as such
represents the first opportunity to evaluate their choice of pursuing an engineering education.
Students are expected to learn, develop and practice the basic standards of behaviour, discipline
and performance normally found in their work environment.

The Work Report should, at a minimum,

a) be descriptive of a technical component experienced or witnessed by the student in the work environment,

b) demonstrate an understanding of the structure of a technical report,

c) show reasonable competence in written communication skills.

*NOTE: Seminars on professional development, conducted by the Office of Co-operative
Education, are presented during academic Term 2 to introduce and prepare the student for
participation in the subsequent Work Terms. Topics will include technical report writing, written
and oral communication skills, resume preparation, employment seeking skills, career planning,
ethics and professional concepts, job requirements in the work place, and industrial safety.*

**011W. Engineering Practice Programme.** This programme is intended to improve the
student's skills in oral and written communication, comprehension, problem solving and
analysis. The programme will normally be an alternative to the first work term encountered by
the student and may only be taken on the recommendation of the Office of Co-operative
Education and the approval of the Faculty Undergraduate Studies Committee. The student will
be evaluated in this programme and must achieve a mark of 60% in order to be promoted to the
subsequent academic term.

**TERM 3 COURSES**

**3054. Ocean Engineering Hydrostatics.** This is an introductory course to naval architecture
and marine engineering. It discusses the basic principles of the statics of rigid floating or
submerged structures. These include: ships, offshore platforms and submersibles. Methods of
analysis of the hydrostatics, stability and trim, damage stability and the statics of mooring
systems are introduced. Applications are also discussed.

**3205. Chemistry and Physics of Engineering Materials II.** Aspects of chemical and physical
processes and microscopic structure relevant to the production and use of engineering materials,
focusing on metals, alloys, silicates, portland cement, plastics and adhesives, composites, and
wood. Topics include solid-state solutions and compounds, alloy structures, phase diagrams,
reaction rates, solid-state transformations, polymerization, oxidation and corrosion, hardness,
creep, fatigue, fracture toughness, and visco-elastic deformation. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**3206. Chemistry and Physics of Engineering Materials II (Electrical Engineering).** Aspects
of solid-state physics and physical chemistry pertinent to the manufacture and use of electrical
materials and devices. Topics include metal and semiconductor crystalline and amorphous
structures, impurities, defects, solutions and compounds, rates of reaction and diffusion,
oxidation, crystal growth and purification, electron energy bands, Fermi surface, work function,
photoelectric and thermo-electric effects, Hall effect, dielectric and magnetic properties,
superconductivity. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**3423. Probability and Statistics.** Probability; probability distributions; probability densities;
sampling distribution; hypothesis testing; regression and correlation.

**3610. Earth Sciences for Civil Engineering.** Introduction to basic concepts in Geology and
Mining with emphasis on applications in Civil, Geological, Mining and Environmental
Engineering through the use of case histories. Includes the study of rocks and minerals in
selected field and laboratory exercises.

**3731. Materials of Construction.** Physical properties of common construction materials,
primarily metals, woods, concrete and asphalt; examination of properties with respect to design
and use of end product; design procedures for concrete and asphalt; introduction to the use of
reference handbooks and manufacturers specifications. Introduction to reinforced concrete.
Relevant laboratory exercises.

**3821. Circuit Analysis.** Review of basic circuit concepts and component models; sinusoidal
steady-state; multi-terminal components, dependent sources, two-port networks; network
topology, formulation of branch voltage and chord current equations, node, loop, mixed and state
equations; network responses for various source excitations and initial conditions; network
functions and network theorems. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**3844. Basic Electrical Components and Systems.** (Non-Electrical Engineering Students)
Introduction to electrical engineering; review of circuit concepts and analysis; operational
amplifiers; filters; analog electronics and instrumentation; transducers; basics of rotating
machinery and transformers; models, characteristics and applications of dc motors, induction
motors, synchronous motors and transformers; introduction to motor control; plant power
system; electrical safety.

**3861. Digital Logic.** Number systems and arithmetic, Boolean algebra; combinational logic
circuits: gates, memory devices, programmable logic devices; synchronous sequential logic
circuits: flip-flops, counters, registers; synchronous sequential logic circuits: races and hazards,
introduction to algorithmic state machines; design with digital integrated circuits. Relevant
laboratory exercises.

**3891. Advanced Programming.** Advanced procedural language programming; data structures,
user defined types, unions and pointers; modularization techniques, scope and data hiding;
object-oriented programming; classes, objects and attributes; data encapsulation, member and
non-member functions; overloading, methods and friend functions; inheritance, sub- and
super-classes.

**3901. Thermodynamics I.** Macroscopic approach to heat, work, and energy; properties of pure
substances; conservation of mass; conservation of energy for open and closed systems; thermal
efficiency and coefficients of performance; the second law of thermodynamics and its corollaries;
entropy; second law analysis of thermodynamic systems; second law efficiency. Relevant
laboratory exercises.

**3933. Mechanisms and Machines.** Overview of mechanisms within machines; graphical and
matrix methods for analysis of moving mechanisms; kinematics and kinetics of planar
mechanisms; dynamic formulations: Newton-Euler and Lagrangian; loads on mechanisms;
synthesis of mechanisms. Synthesis project. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**002W. Engineering Work Term 2 (Winter Semester).** Students are expected to further
develop and expand their knowledge and work-related skills thus enabling them to accept
increased responsibility and challenge. To demonstrate an ability to deal with increasingly
complex work-related concepts and problems.

The Work Report should, at a minimum,

a) describe technical component experienced by the student in the work environment and
demonstrate, relative to the student's academic background, an appreciation and understanding of
the technology involved,

b) demonstrate competence in creating a technical report, and

c) show competence in written and graphical communication skills.

**TERM 4 COURSES**

*NOTE: Engineering 4102 is a required Complementary Studies course.*

**4061. Marine Production Management.** Introduction to engineering and related management
information systems; demand forecasting; planning and scheduling; plant layout including
assembly line balancing, process and group technology layout, fixed position layout, plus flexible
manufacturing, just in time, and computer integrated manufacturing concepts; productivity
measurement and management; introduction to quality management; tendering and bidding on
contracts; human resource management.

**4102. Engineering Economics.** Introduction to concepts in the determination of the economic
feasibility of engineering undertakings, especially the time value of money-interest rates,
depreciation, replacement, economic life, present value, rate of return, payback period. Other
topics will include financing, supply and demand, private and social cost estimations, secondary
and intangible benefits and costs, benefit-cost models, economic risk analysis, economic
optimization.

**4312. Mechanics of Solids I.** Axial force, shear and bending moment. Stress-strain relations.
Torsion. Bending and shearing stress in beams. Thin cylinders. Compound stresses.
Transformation of stress. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**4322. Thermal Sciences.** Fundamental concepts associated with thermodynamics, fluid
dynamics and heat transfer; first and second laws of thermodynamics; system and control volume
analysis; classification of flows; introduction to boundary layers and drag; convection,
conduction and radiation heat transfer; thermal insulation and calculation of R-values; cooling of
electrical components.

**4422. Introduction to Numerical Methods.** Errors; numerical stability; solution of linear and
nonlinear equations and systems; introduction to eigenvalues and eigenvectors; function and data
approximations; numerical differentiation and integration of functions; numerical solution of
ordinary differential equations. Relevant computer laboratory exercises.

**4423. Numerical Methods for Electrical Engineers.** Introduction to numerical methods
including analysis of errors; interpolation; solution of linear systems of equations; eigenvalues
and eigenvectors; solution of nonlinear equations; optimization methods; numerical
differentiation and integration; solution of ordinary differential equations; random number
generators; introduction to simulation methods. Relevant computer laboratory exercises.

**470W. Surveying Field School.** Introduction to surveying. Measurement of distance, elevation
and angles. Emphasis is placed on developing skills and understanding in the use of tape,
engineer's level and theodolite.

**4703. Surveying and Geomatics.** Plane surveying: distance, elevation, and angle measurements;
horizontal and vertical curves; plane survey calculations; area and volume computations.
Photogrammetry: sensors and platforms, mathematics of photogrammetry; instruments and
equipment, photogrammetric products, digital photogrammetry, remote sensing, and introduction
to global positioning and geographical information systems (GIS). Relevant laboratory and field
exercises.

**4708. Design of Civil Engineering Systems.** Introduction to civil engineering systems,
optimization in design, risk and decision analysis, and measurements; risk management,
uncertainty associated with competition, optimizing using mathematical programming;
introduction to dynamic programming and network analysis; applications of systems techniques
to various sub-disciplines of civil engineering.

**480W. Electrical Engineering Workshop.** Introduction to the principles of electrical safety,
public and worker safety and health, health and safety legislation; electrical components;
measurement devices, meters and equipment, instrumentation, sensors, transducers, data
acquisition; soldering, wire wrap techniques, printed circuit board layout and assembly, wiring
practice, grounding and shielding techniques; introduction to the Canadian Electrical Code, C. S.
A. and IEEE standards, quality control and quality assurance practices. Emphasis is placed on
developing skills using a hands-on approach.

**4823. Systems and Signals I.** Introduction to systems and signals; mechanical and electrical
analogues; principles of linear superposition and time invariance; definition, properties, and use
of the delta function; applications of complex functions and variables; impulse and step
responses; input-output relations of continuous-time systems in terms of convolution and transfer
functions; frequency response plots; the Fourier transform and applications; applications of
Laplace transform to filtering, communications, and controls. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**4854. Electronic Devices and Circuits.** Principles of operation of the diode, junction
field-effect transistor, metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor and bipolar junction
transistor; terminal characteristics, graphical analysis; biasing of devices; device and circuit
models of dc, small-signal and high-frequency analysis; single-stage amplifiers; differential and
multi-stage amplifiers; digital electronics; applications of electronic devices; computer-aided
analysis and design of electronic circuits. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**4862. Microprocessors.** Microprocessor architecture. Assembly language programming:
addressing modes, table look up. Memory mapped devices. Interfacing techniques: parallel,
serial. Timing control. Analog input and output. Computer displays. Relevant laboratory
exercises.

**4892. Data Structures.** Sets, functions and relations; elementary graph theory; basic data
structures and applications; abstract data types.

**4901. Thermodynamics II.** Thermodynamic cycles: power and refrigeration applications;
human comfort and air conditioning: mixture of gases and vapours, humidity, psychometrics;
chemically reacting mixtures; combustion. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**4913. Fluid Mechanics I.** Fluid statics; fluid flow phenomena; control volume analysis of fluid
motion; conservation of mass, momentum and energy; Bernoulli equation; head losses.
Applications of conservation laws: flow measurement devices; pipe networks; momentum
devices; dimensional analysis. Boundary layer phenomena. Lift and drag. Relevant laboratory exercises.

*NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Engineering 5713 and Engineering 4913.*

**4933. Electro-mechanical Systems.** Review of motors and sensors; hydraulics and pneumatics;
basics of automatic control: control system simulation; digital electronics; computer based
controllers; programmable miniature controllers; direct digital controllers; programmable logic
controllers. Case studies. Synthesis project. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**003W. Engineering Work Term 3 (Fall Semester).** Students should have the sufficient
academic grounding and work experience to contribute in a positive manner to the engineering
design and problem solving processes practiced in the work environment. Students can become
better acquainted with their chosen discipline, can observe and appreciate the attitudes,
responsibilities, and ethics normally expected of engineers. Students are expected to show
greater independence and responsibility in their assigned work functions.

The Work Report should reflect the growing professional development of the student and, at a minimum,

a) demonstrate an ability to define qualitatively and quantatively a technological problem
experienced by the student in the work environment,

b) demonstrate continuing competence in producing a technical report,

c) show a high level of written and graphical communication skills.

**TERM 5 COURSES**

*NOTE: All students take an approved Complementary Studies elective in Term 5. The elective is
chosen from a list provided by the Office of the Associate Dean*.

**5011. Resistance and Propulsion of Ships I.** Phenomena resisting the motion of ships and some
factors considered in the design of the marine screw propeller. The topics include the resistance
due to friction, wave making, form appendage, wind and waves, squat, blockage, and shallow
water effects, and also include the estimation of powering using methodical series and statistical
methods as well as a treatment of the resistance of some specialist vessels, e.g. semisubmersibles
and hydrofoils. Topics considered in the design of the marine screw propeller include propeller
theory, blade sections, blade strength, methodical series charts, efficiency elements, lifting line
calculations, cavitation, and propellers in non-uniform flow. Relevant laboratory exercises are
provided.

**5101. The Engineering Profession.** Origins and development of Engineering as a profession and
an examination of its values. The place of technology in society and the nature of technological
decisions.

**5312. Mechanics of Solids II.** Failure theories for ductile and brittle materials; statically
determinate and indeterminate beams; elastic bending of beams; impact loads; stability of
columns with centric and eccentric loads; plastic bending of beams; plastic hinges. Relevant
laboratory exercises.

**5432. Advanced Calculus.** (Electrical). Vector Calculus, partial differential equations, Fourier
series, boundary value problems.

**5434. Applied Mathematical Analysis.** (Civil). Numerical and analytical solution of systems or
ordinary differential equations using predictor-corrector and Runge-Kutta methods; boundary
value problems, eigenvalue problems, numerical dsolution of partial differential equations using
the methods of finite differences, (SOLR) successive over-relaxation and characteristics, simplex
method for linear programming; numerical Fourier Analysis.

**5435. Advanced Calculus.** Overview of vector calculus; Gauss's theorem; Stokes' theorem;
Green's theorem. Partial differential equations for mechanical systems: classification and
solution. Calculus of variations: functionals for mechanical systems; Lagrangian formulation of
dynamics.

**5706. Design of Concrete Structures.** Review of concrete mix design; design methods and
requirements, strength of rectangular sections in bending, balanced condition at ultimate strength
with tension reinforcement, bending with both tension and compression reinforcement;
serviceability, deflections, flexural crack control for beams and one-way slabs; shear strength,
inclined cracking, and shear reinforcement; bond stress and development of reinforcement;
T-sections in bending; members in compression and bending; length effects, lateral ties, spiral
reinforcement and longitudinal bar placement. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**5713. Fluid Mechanics.** Properties of fluids; fluid statics; buoyancy and stability; kinematics,
continuity, energy and momentum principles; energy and hydraulic gradelines; laminar and
turbulent flow; introduction to boundary layers, drag, jets and wakes; fluid measurement;
principles of similitude and modelling. Relevant laboratory exercises.

*NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Engineering 5713 and Engineering 4342.*

**5723. Geotechnical Engineering I.** Introduction to soil as a three-phase material; physical and
mechanical properties; structure; classification of soils; hydraulic properties; permeability;
effective stress concept in soils; shear strength, types of tests, and applications; one-dimensional
consolidation theory: Relevant laboratory exercises.

**5812. Basic Electromagnetics.** Coulomb's law and electric field intensity; electric flux density
and Gauss' law; electrostatic potential and energy; conductors, dielectrics, and capacitance;
Laplace's and Poisson's equations; the steady magnetic field; magnetic forces and magnetic
materials; steady magnetic field and static electric field.

**5824. Systems and Signals II.** Fundamentals of sampling; the sampling theorem; discrete-time
signals and systems; sequences and transformations; linearity, time-invariance and other
properties; response to a discrete impulse; discrete convolution; difference equation models of
discrete linear time-invariant systems; Fourier analysis of discrete-time systems; response of
linear time-invariant systems to complex discrete-time exponential; the discrete-time Fourier
transform; the z-transform; transfer functions of discrete-time systems; the discrete Fourier
transform; introduction to state-space modelling and analysis of linear systems; applications of
discrete-time systems to digital filters, spectral estimation, digital signal processing,
communications and control systems. Computer-aided processing of discrete-time signals using
MATLAB.

**5842. Electromechanical Devices.** Introduction to fundamental principles of energy conversion;
review of three-phase systems; magnetic fields and circuits; transformer models, performance
and applications; basic concepts of rotating machines; translational and rotational transducers;
characteristics, performance and control of dc machines; principles of ac generators and motors.
Relevant laboratory exercises.

**5854. Analog Electronics.** Fundamental feedback equations and their applications; feedback
topologies in electronics; operational amplifiers: ideal models and circuits, and detailed analysis
of specifications; bias currents, offset voltages, CMRR, noise, slew rate and bandwidth; interface
circuits, comparators, sample-and-hold, A/D and D/A converters; phase-locked loops;
computer-aided design and analysis of electronic circuits. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**5863. Computer Architecture.** Memory management; microprogramming; parallel processing
system principles; modern computer architectures; sample devices.

**5891. Design and Analysis of Algorithms.** Basic combinatorial analysis; recursive algorithms;
complexity analysis; sorting and searching; problem solving strategies; complexity classes;
computability and undecidability.

**5901. Thermodynamics II.** Thermodynamic cycles and their application; mixtures of gases;
psychometrics; environment, comfort and physiological principles in thermal systems; air
conditioning, estimating of thermal loads for enclosed spaces. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**5912. Fluids II.** A review of conservation principles: mass, momentum, energy. Steady flow of
incompressible fluids in pipes and steady flow of compressible fluids, open channel flow, fluid
measurements, and forces on immersed bodies.

**5913. Fluid Mechanics II.** Differential analysis of fluid motion; conservation of mass:
continuity equation; conservation of momentum: Navier-Stokes equations; conservation of
energy; inviscid incompressible flows; low Reynolds number flows; boundary layer flows;
compressible flows. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**5923. Mechanical Design I.** Discussion of stress concentration and an introduction to fracture
mechanics. Consideration of triaxial stresses and 3 dimensional Mohr Circles, failure theories,
reliability and factors of safety. Components subject to impact loading and fatigue loading will
be examined. Introduction to surface damage from corrosion and wear. Design of bolted
connections, welded joints and other fastening methods. Laboratories will introduce problems
involving assemblies, dynamic loading and triaxial stresses.

**5926. Mechanical Component Design I.** Review of loads and stresses; design of springs, power
screws, threaded fasteners, clutches, brakes, belt drives, spur gears, and gear trains. Synthesis
project. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**5932. Mechanical Vibrations.** Free and forced vibrations of single and multi-degree of freedom
systems; response to periodic and non-periodic excitations; vibration isolation and control;
vibration measurement. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**004W. Engineering Work Term 4 (Spring Semester).** Students should anticipate greater
participation in their selected engineering discipline and become more experienced and proficient
with the appropriate design procedures. Students are expected to acquire improved speed and
accuracy in their work while, at the same time, be willing to accept greater responsibility and to
function with less direct supervision. The place and importance of recently acquired analytical
skills in engineering analysis should become more apparent and be applied when appropriate.
The purpose and application of specifications and codes should be demonstrated when necessary.

The Work Report should, at a minimum,

a) reflect the Work Term experience in the form of a design proposal, a technical manual, or a
similarly oriented document,

b) demonstrate proficiency in technical report preparation,

c) maintain a high level of written and graphical communication skills,

d) contain a single-page, point-form synopsis of the report that the student could use as a guide
for an oral presentation.

**TERM 6 COURSES**

*NOTE: Engineering 6101 is a required Complementary Studies course for all students.*

**6002. Ship Hull Strength.** Longitudinal strength, still water and wave bending moment, shear
and bending moment curves, Smith Correction, section modulus calculation, torsion and racking
forces. Bulkhead and girder scantlings, portal frame analysis by moment distribution and energy
method. Finite element analysis. Use of Classification Society rules for design of midship
section.

**6045. Marine Systems.** Shafting system design; shafting system vibration analysis, study of
exciting forces and moments, and balancing of reciprocating and rotating machinery; heat
transfer and marine heat exchangers; incompressible fluid flow and piping system design and
selection of appropriate pumping devices. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**6058. Submersibles Design.** Formulation of mission statement, understanding various design
constraints and reviewing the historical developments of submersibles design. Study of the
hydrostatics principles of floatation, stability and control of submersibles. Performing resistance
and propulsion calculations. Study of maneuvering and control equations. Survey of different
materials and their selection criteria. Design of pressure hulls. Structural design of submersibles.
Study of various support systems. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**6070. Geosciences Applied in Ocean Engineering.** An introductory course related to the
geology and geophysics of the seabed with application to engineering problems; marine sediment
transport and depositional environments; physical properties of sediments correlated with their
setting; remote sensing of sediments and their properties (acoustics, geophysics); direct sampling
of sediments; natural hazards in the marine setting - earthquakes (turbidity currents, tsunami,
liquefaction), shallow gas, gas hydrates, case histories of engineering importance with reference
to offshore Newfoundland (Grand Banks seismicity, well-site surveys, pipeline/cable corridors).

**6101. Assessment of Technology.** This course deals with the issues of the impact of technology
on society from an economic, environmental and sociological point of view. Public safety as an
engineering responsibility will also be covered. Students will be expected to participate in group
discussions, write a number of essays and give oral presentations.

**6705. Structural Analysis I.** Structure classification and loads. Building code provisions.
Analysis of statically determinate arches and frames. Shear and moment diagrams for frames.
Influence lines for statically determinate structures. Approximate analysis of indeterminate
trusses and frames. The force method of analyzing indeterminate beams and frames.
Introduction to slope deflection method. Moment distribution method. Relevant laboratory
exercises.

**6707. Design of Concrete and Masonry Structures.** Design methods for reinforced concrete
two-way slabs. Two-way slabs supported on walls and stiff beams. Design of two-way slab
systems, direct design method and equivalent frame method.

Design of concrete retaining walls and basement walls, Engineered masonry, allowable masonry stresses, mortar stress, analysis and design of flexural members, axial load and bending in unreinforced and reinforced walls, columns and masonry shear walls. Relevant Laboratory exercises.

**6713. Hydraulics.** Flow in pipe systems and networks; uniform and non-uniform flow in
channels; rotodynamic machinery, pumps, turbines and associated conduits; hydraulic models;
introduction to bed scour and erosion. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**6723. Geotechnical Engineering II.** Pressure in soils beneath loaded areas; immediate and
consolidation settlement; differential settlement; plastic equilibrium in soils; flownets; stability
of slopes; introduction to bearing capacity theories. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**6739. Construction Planning Equipment and Methods.** Construction equipment selection and
utilization; earthmoving including use of explosives; case studies of major civil projects;
principles of project planning and control; computer applications to the construction industry.
Relevant laboratory/field exercises.

**6813. Electromagnetic Fields.** Faraday's law; displacement current and modified Ampere's
circuital law; Maxwell equations; Poynting's theorem; plane waves; transmission lines;
rectangular and circular waveguides.

**6814. Electromagnetics for Communications I.** Vector calculus; Green, Stokes and Gauss'
theorems; Maxwell's differential and integral equations; steady-state and time-varying aspects of
Maxwell's equations; uniform plane wave propagation in various media; applications of
electromagnetics in communications.

**6821. Control Systems I.** Transfer functions and state space models for dynamic systems, signal
flow graphs; negative feedback, ON-OFF and proportional-integral-derivative controllers;
stability, dynamic response, and steady state tracking errors in linear feedback systems; root locus
methods, compensation; analysis and compensator design in the frequency domain, Nyquist
stability criterion, gain and phase margins; sampled data controllers. Relevant laboratory
exercises.

**6843. Rotating Machines.** Fundamentals of energy conversion, concepts of energy and
coenergy; cylindrical rotor and salient pole synchronous machine theory; transient and
subtransient reactance; polyphase and single phase induction motor theory and applications;
introduction to speed control; introduction to a variety of single phase and specialty machines.
Relevant laboratory exercises.

**6853. Electronics for Non-Electrical Engineers.** Electromechanical transducers: devices -
various common transducers such as strain gauges or rate transducers; issues - electrical and
mechanical characterization, sensitivity, noise, frequency response, excitation requirements and
environmental considerations. Signal conditioning: devices-cables, operational and
instrumentation amplifiers; issues - loading, impedance matching, a.c. pickup, feedback, gain,
non-linearity and frequency response. Signal conversion: devices - D/A and A/D converters,
electronic and mechanical switches; issues - multiplexing, sampling rate, dynamic range,
conversion errors, quantization error and noise. Computer interfacing: devices - parallel and
serial ports, microprocessors, random access read-only and first-in, first-out memories; issues -
hand shaking, data rates, internal representation, look-up tables and other programming considerations.

Relevant laboratory exercises.

**6855. Industrial Controls and Instrumentation.** Control and instrumentation system
components; control devices and transducers; instrumentation and signal processing circuits;
analog/digital interface circuitry and data acquisition systems; noise, grounding and shielding;
analog and digital controllers; programmable logic controllers and microcontrollers; design of
closed-loop control systems; applications in process and robot control. Relevant laboratory
exercises and projects.

**6863. Operating Systems and File Organization.** History, evolution, and philosophy of
operating systems; process scheduling, synchronization and management; memory and device
management; file systems and database systems; security and protection; communications and
networking; distributed and real-time systems.

**6871. Communication Principles.** Distortionless transmission. Representation of band-pass
signals and systems. Analog modulation, including AM, DSB, SSB, QAM, FM, and PM.
Modulators and demodulators for analog communication. Review of sampling theorem.
Practical sampling techniques. Pulse modulation, including PAM, PWM, PPM, PCM, DPCM,
DM, and ADM signalling formats and bandwidth requirements. Digital carrier modulation,
including ASK, PSK, FSK, and their demodulation. Carrier synchronization and bit
synchronization. Relevant laboratory exercises or demonstrations.

**6891. Formal Programming Methods.** Elementary propositional and predicate logic;
formalization of the usual proof techniques; concepts of programme state, programme state as
state transformation; parallel and distributed algorithms; programming paradigms; distributed
and parallel constructs; introduction to artificial intelligence.

**6895. Software Design.** Overview of software engineering; methods of modular decomposition,
information hiding, planning for change, object-oriented design; software implementation; design
for reuse; fail-safe and fail-stop design; design of distributed systems.

**6901. Heat Transfer I.** Introduction to the three modes of heat transfer. Steady-state,
one-dimensional heat conduction: thermal resistance; thermal sources and sinks; fins; contact
resistance. Steady-state, multi-dimensional heat conduction: shape factors. Unsteady-state heat
conduction: lumped capacity analysis; Heisler charts. Radiation heat transfer: physical
mechanism; radiation circuits and shields. Convection heat transfer: empirical correlations.
Relevant laboratory exercises.

**6924. Mechanical Design II.** Introduction to curved surface contact stresses and lubrication.
Design of sliding bearings and rolling element bearings. Selection and control of power systems
for mechanical designs, electric, I.C. engines, hydraulic and pneumatic. Introduction to the
Provincial and Federal Boilers and Pressure Vessels Act, and the ASME Code for the design of
Boilers and Pressure Vessels. Relevant laboratory exercises emphasizing synethesis.

**6925. Automatic Control Engineering.** Background review; feedback concept; unit impulse
response function; transfer functions; block diagrams; controllers; system stability: characteristic
equations, Routh Hurwitz criteria, root locus plots, Nyquist plots, Bode plots; performance
measures; performance adjustment: compensation; nonlinear phenomena: limit cycles, practical
stability. Synthesis project. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**6926. Mechanical Component Design II.** Failure modes and mechanisms; stress
concentrations; design of transmission shafts, bolted connections, welded joints, roller and
hydrodynamic lubrication bearings. Codes and standards. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**6932. Vibrations.** Analysis of vibrations in single and multi-degree of freedom systems. Free
and forced vibrations with various types of damping. Response to steady state and transient
excitations. Applications to vibration measurement and control systems.

**6941. Production Technology.** Overview of production; production strategies; dimensioning
and tolerancing; basic material removal processes; forming and shaping processes; casting,
molding, extrusion and joining processes; computer aided machining; new technologies.
Relevant laboratory exercises.

**6971. Physical Metallurgy.** The course will center on a study of the iron-carbon system. Topics
of discussion will include metallography, structure, solidification, solid state phase
transformations, alloying, and heat treatment as they apply to the Fe-C system. Relevant
laboratory exercises.

**6972. Industrial Materials.** Physical and mechanical properties; industrial materials: metals
and metal alloys, ceramics and polymers, composite materials; failure modes and mechanisms;
non-destructive testing and evaluation; damage tolerant materials; material treatments; materials
selection. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**005W. Engineering Work Term 5 (Winter Semester).** Students may expect to be involved in
design projects to the extent of preparing formal proposals and reports, including specifications
and plans. Self confidence and initiative should be sufficiently developed at this stage to enable a
student to work at such functions with limited supervision.

The Work Report should, at a minimum,

a) be directed at a project carried out during the work term,

b) allow the acquired initiative, good judgment and technical competence to culminate in a
concise document of very good quality,

c) contain a single-page, point-form synopsis of the report that the student could use as a guide
for an oral presentation.

In addition, each student should be prepared, sometime during Academic Term 7, given a minimum of 24 hours notice, to make an oral presentation of the report's content.

**TERM 7 COURSES**

**7002. Ship Structural Analysis and Design.** Review of longitudinal strength. Principal stress
distributions and stress trajectories. Local strength analysis. Panels under lateral load. Columns
and stanchions. Panels in buckling under uniform edge compression loading and panels under
shear and combination loading. Rational midship section design synthesis based on stress and
loading hierarchy. Primary, secondary and tertiary stresses as criteria of strength in ship structural
design, including grillage aspects.

**7005. Floating Ocean Structure Design.** The analysis of forces on ocean structures and
structural characteristics of circular steel shell hulls. Topics include wave loading theory; wind
loading; stability and trim; pressure vessel design theory and codes; combined bending and
pressure loads; consideration given to various vessels including floating platforms, articulated
columns and buoys.

**7033. Marine Hydrodynamics.** Fundamental equations of hydrodynamics, boundary layers;
potential flow, added mass, damping, circulation, and vorticity; numerical methods for
hydrodynamic coefficients; water waves and loading for regular and irregular seas.

**7034. Dynamics and Hydroelasticity of Ocean Vehicles.** Applications of the linearised
equations of motion to problems with multiple degrees of freedom: the rigid body modes in
conjunction with distortion modes. Introduction to hydroelastic analysis methods for ship and
ocean structures: symmetric and antisymmetric response of the dry structure and of structures in
still water and in waves; applications to real ship hulls; transient loading. Dynamics and control
of marine vehicles: motions in calm water and in waves; hydrodynamics effects such as added
mass, radiation and viscous damping; strip theory; random motions; and systems for course
keeping and motion control.

**7052. Ocean Systems Design.** Preliminary design methods for the design of marine platforms
and vehicles from mission statement to the selection of one or more acceptable solutions. Weight
and cost estimating, power requirements estimating, and selection of principal design
characteristics. Economic and operational evaluation of alternative solutions. Relevant design
laboratory projects.

**7421. Numerical Methods and Simulation.** Introduction to numerical methods including
analysis of errors; interpolation; solution of linear systems of equations; eigenvalues and
eigenvectors; solution of nonlinear equations; optimization methods; numerical differentiation
and integration; solution of ordinary differential equations; spectral methods and signal
processing; random number generation; introduction to simulation methods.

**7704. Design of Steel Structures.** Limit states design concepts. Material strength and
cross-section properties. Structural steel material standards and products. Design of tension
members, axially loaded compression members, and the effective length concept. Design of
beams and beam-columns. Design of welded and bolted connections. Example of simple steel
building design, illustrating typical roof and wall systems, and interior and exterior columns.
Relevant laboratory exercises.

**7706. Structural Analysis II.** Matrix stiffness method for structures: trusses, beams and
frames. Degrees of freedom, statics/deformation matrices, element/structural local/global
stiffness matrices, load vector, assembly/solution of the matrix equations. Matrix force method.
Finite element method for truss, beam and plane stress/ strain problems: Nodal/generalized
displacements, displacement functions, strain-displacement and stress-strain matrices. Force-
displacement matrix, transformation/assembly/solution of matrix equations. Use of a personal
computer matrix/finite-element method software for solving truss, frame and plane stress/strain
problems. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**7713. Hydrology and Water Resources.** Precipitation, snowmelt, infiltration, runoff and
streamflow; statistical treatment of hydrologic data; hydrograph analysis and synthesis;
evaporation, groundwater; structure design floods; reservoir storage and flood routing; urban
run-off and drainage. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**7716. Hydrotechnical Engineering.** The theory and application of steady gradually-varied flow
in artificial and natural open channels together with an introduction to appropriate software;
erosion protection and mobile-boundary hydraulics; problems with ice in rivers. The design of
spillways, energy dissipaters, and culverts; physical scale models. Introduction to waterhammer
and surge tanks. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**7717. Applied Environmental Science and Engineering.** Nature and scope of environmental
problems; concept of sustainable development; natural environmental hazards; introduction to
ecology, microbiology and epidemiology; basic concepts of environmental quality parameters
and standards; solid and hazardous wastes; atmospheric, noise, and water pollution, their
measurements, and control. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**7718. Environmental Geotechniques.** Basic soil mineralogy; soil water interaction; typical
wastes and contaminants; soil contaminant interaction; introduction to advection, adsorption, and
diffusion; basic contaminant transport modelling for solutes and NAPL; site investigation and
sampling; containment structures and liners; design and monitoring of landfills; relevant field
work and laboratories.

**7744. Highway Engineering.** Design and construction of highways including driver, vehicle and
road characteristics; road classification; surveys and route layout; soils; drainage; earthwork;
design of flexible and rigid pavement; highway specifications and contracts. Relevant
laboratory/field exercises.

**7801. Project Design Lab in Power and Control.** Practical design of electrical and electronic
components and equipment related to power and control engineering systems. This course
includes a team project.

**7802. Project Design Lab in Electronics and Instrumentation.** Design of electronic and/or
modular systems related to instrumentation and electronics engineering. This course includes a
team project.

**7811. Antennas.** Fundamentals of electromagnetic radiation; antennas and antenna impedance;
dipole antennas; antenna arrays; long wire antennas; aperture-type antennas; receiving antennas.

**7813. Electromagnetics for Communications II.** Review of electromagnetic wave propagation
in transmission lines; Smith's chart and impedance matching; wave propagation in twisted pair
wires, coaxial cables, striplines, rectangular waveguides, circular waveguides and optical
waveguides; radiation and antennas.

**7825. Control Systems II.** Sampled data systems; design of digital control systems using
transform techniques; state space models for single- and multi-input/output systems;
observability, controllability; state feedback without and with integral controller structure, state
observers; quadratic optimal regulator and tracking control strategies; introduction to stability
and control of non-linear systems.

**7844. Power System Analysis.** Introduction to electric power systems; per unit quantities;
transmission line parameters; modelling of power system components; single line diagrams;
network equations formulation; bus impedance and admittance matrices; load flow analysis and
control; tap changing, auto and control transformers for power system application; symmetrical
components; fault studies. Relevant laboratory exercises and computer-aided analysis.

**7846. Power Electronics.** Overview of power semiconductor switches; introduction to energy
conversion and control techniques; uncontrolled rectifiers; phase-controlled converters;
switch-mode dc/dc converters; variable frequency dc/ac inverters; ac/ac converters; design of
thyristor commutation circuits, gate and base drive circuits, and snubber circuits; thermal models
and heatsink design. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**7855. Communications Electronics.** Introduction to communications systems components;
review of linear amplifies; linear amplifier design and characteristics using s-parameters; power
amplifiers; mixers; oscillators; modulator/demodulator circuits and subsystems; integration of
subsystems into analog and digital communication systems. Relevant laboratory exercises and
computer-aided analysis and design.

**7861. Digital Systems.** Review of basic topics in logic design; advanced minimization
techniques; design of combinational and sequential circuits with programmable logic devices
(PLDs); topics in state machine design; asynchronous sequential circuits; introduction to
microprogramming; central processing unit design; memory management; parallel processing;
advanced computer architectures; design automation; design for testability; digital system
reliability; transmission line effects.

**7863. Operating Systems and File Organization.** History, evolution, and philosophy of
operating systems; process scheduling, synchronization and management; memory and device
management; file systems and database systems; security and protection; communications and
networking; distributed and real-time systems.

**7877. Voice and Data Communications.** Network topologies and architectures; International
Standards Organization (ISO) Reference Model; queuing theory; performance modelling and
analysis; digital switching and private branch exchanges (PBXs); local area networks (LANs);
teletraffic engineering and the public toll network; packet switched networks: data link, network
and transport layers; Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) and integrated voice and data
communications.

**7893. Software Engineering.** The process of software development; issues related to large-scale
software projects; the goals of software engineering; life cycles; documentation; software project
management; software specification and development from feasibility to maintenance; safety
critical systems; tools; standards. This course includes a team project.

**7901. Heat Transfer II.** Numerical heat transfer. Fundamentals of convection heat transfer:
thermal boundary layer; heat transfer coefficients; heat transfer in turbulent boundary layers.
Empirical correlations for forced and natural convection heat transfer. Introduction to phase
change heat transfer. Design of heat transfer devices and processes. Relevant laboratory
exercises.

**7910. Fluid Power.** Theory and analysis of turbomachinery, pumps, compressors and turbines.
Hydraulic power systems and ancillary equipment. Properties of hydraulic fluids.

**7924. Automatic Control Engineering.** The course starts with a brief history of controls and
the feedback concept. It then reviews background material such as linearization and Laplace
Transforms and introduces classical control concepts such as the unit impulse response function,
transfer functions and block diagrams. It next presents procedures for classifying controllers
such as control actions and system types and stability concepts such as characteristic equations,
Root Locus plots, Routh Hurwitz criteria, Nyquist plots and Bode diagrams. Following this,
performance indicators/modifiers such as overall frequency response, disturbance elimination,
stability margin (gain/phase) and system compensation (lead/lag) are presented. The last major
section of the course introduces nonlinear concepts and phenomena such as limit cycles, practical
stability, phase portraits, describing functions and switching control. Finally, advanced concepts
such as infinite degree of freedom control, robust control, adaptive control, optimal control,
digital control and modern control are briefly outlined. Some laboratory demonstrations are used
to reinforce the concepts.

**7927. Advanced Dynamics and Stability.** Dynamics formulations: Newton-Euler, Lagrangian,
Hamiltonian; rigid body and flexible body dynamics; dynamics simulations; stability concepts:
equilibrium states, bifurcations, limit cycles, strange attractors, chaos. Mechanical system
instabilities: flutter, divergence, relaxation oscillations, oscillations due to vortex shedding, tube
flow oscillations. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**7933. Stress Analysis.** Introduction. Stress and strain in three dimensions. Principal stresses and
strains and maximum shear in three dimensions. Two dimensional elasticity. Airy's Stress
Function. Problems involving Cartesian co-ordinates and polar co-ordinates. Stress
concentrations. Bending and shear in beams with asymmetrical cross sections. Principal moments
of inertia. Curved beams under pure bending. Axisymmetrically loaded members. Thick-walled
pressure vessels. Rotating disks and shafts. Torsion of non-circular sections. Shear flow in
thin-walled multiply connected sections. Beams on elastic foundations.

**7934. Finite Element Analysis.** Basis of the finite element method. Continuum mechanics
applications: beam problems; fluid mechanics problems; heat transfer problems. Relevant
computer laboratory exercises.

**7936. Mechanical Project I.** In industry the development of a mechanical device or process is
generally a team effort. In Terms 7 and 8 mechanical students organized into small teams must
complete a development project. Each team must work on a different project. The system must
be constructed and undergo performance trials and will be judged on its own merit. In this
course each team will do a conceptual design and a rough technical design. In the next term each
team will complete the technical design and then, construct and test the system. In each term
there will also be a series of lectures on topics such as risk assessment and environmental and
safety issues.

**7941. Production Technology.** Production aspects of manufacturing processes, e.g. metal
cutting - turning, milling, grinding, forging, casting and forming processes; metrology, numerical
control processes, new processes and materials, automated manufacturing systems and group
technology. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**7942. Robotics.** The course starts with a brief history of robotics with a concentration on robot
arms and work cells and the geometrical envelopes within which they operate. This includes an
overview of the various sensors and actuators used in robot construction. Next kinematics or the
geometry of robot motion is considered with special attention paid to singular configurations near
where operation is difficult. Following this, kinetics or the loads corresponding to particular
motions is covered: the equations of motion which provide a measure of the load levels are
derived using Newton-Euler and Lagrangian formulations. Together with task/trajectory
planning, these are used in work cell/arm simulations to study the performance of various control
strategies. Performance indicators used for this include robustness, precision and computational
burden. The last major section of the course is concerned with sampling rate phenomena with
treatment based on simulations and the z transform concept. Finally some case studies on topics
such as the Canadarm and computer hardware/software are outlined. Several small instructional
robots are used to reinforce the concepts.

**7943. Production and Operations Management.** Overview of production and operations
management; plant layout and process planning; process flow analysis and simulation; capacity
planning and scheduling; inventory and resource management; manufacturing accounting
principles; process costing; activity based costing. Relevant computer laboratory exercises.

**7944. Robotics and Automation.** Industrial robot arms: direct and inverse kinematics, kinetics,
singular configurations, dynamics formulations, motion and load control, trajectory planning;
setup and programming of automation equipment; introduction to machine vision: hardware and
software; industrial applications. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**7961. Computer Aided Design and Optimization.** Theory and application of computer
programming and graphics in engineering analysis and design. Use of linear and non-linear
optimization techniques. Case studies involving the optimal design of various mechanical
systems such as heat exchangers, solar energy converters, machine tool spindles, linkage
kinematics and dynamics, vibration absorbers, gear boxes, etc. (This course may also be offered
in Term 8).

**7962. Computer Aided Engineering.** Advanced Computer Aided Design (CAD): parametric
construction and assembly modelling, computer animation, finite element modelling
applications; Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM) software for Computer Numerically
Controlled (CNC) machine code generation; Coordinate Measurement Machines (CMM) and
reverse engineering for rapid prototyping applications; data exchange and data management.
Relevant laboratory exercises.

**7991. Operations Research.** An introduction to the application of mathematical models to
various industrial problems; queuing theory, game theory, linear programming, inventory theory
and Monte Carlo Processes. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**006W. Engineering Work Term 6 (Fall Semester).** In this final Work Term students should be
expected to be entrusted with the supervision of others and of certain aspects of engineering
projects, as required by the employer. In so doing the student should exercise and demonstrate
the many professionally related qualities expected of a graduate engineer about to embark on a
professional career.

The Work Report is expected to be based on a significant project assigned to the student by the employer. It will match, in technical content, structure, and communication skills, those to be expected of a graduate engineer. The results, conclusions or recommendations of the report, as submitted to the supervisor, should reflect the student's application of sound engineering practice.

**TERM 8 COURSES**

*NOTE: With sufficient justification, students may be permitted to substitute for one of the listed
term 8 technical electives an appropriate course from another discipline or another academic
unit within the University. Such a substitution requires the permission of the discipline chair who
will normally consider whether the substitution is consistent with the student's programme and
career objectives as well as whether the substituted course is suitable for a final year
engineering student. In such cases it is the students' responsibility to make sure they are
qualified and to register for the proposed course.*

**8000. Ocean and Naval Architectural Engineering Project.** Execution of design project
selected and approved in Term 7. The project must illustrate the application of previous design
related courses, i.e., decision methods, impact assessments and application of technology. The
subject may be ship design, marine system, directed research or a unique design solution.
Lectures will be scheduled as required.

**8021. Energy Efficiency in Marine Propulsion.** A description of different methods of
propulsion including fixed pitch, controllable pitch, ducted, vertical axis and supercavitating
propellers; jet, wave, wind, electro-magnetic propulsion and devices such as vane wheels, swirl
vanes and oscillating foils. The comparative efficiencies of different propellers will be shown.
The detailed design of some selected devices such as propeller ducts, wind assisted propulsion,
or vertical axis propellers will be covered. Advantageous effects of hull form changes, for
example, bulbous bows, asymmetric sterns and optimum trim for ships in ballast will be
considered. Competing designs will be compared on the basis of the relation of initial costs,
running costs and fuel savings.

**8048. Maintenance of Engineering Systems.** The maintenance of engineering systems is
treated in terms of the need for an optimal maintenance policy, major maintenance policies,
mechanics of scheduled maintenance, predictive maintenance, diagnostic techniques, use of
vibration monitoring in maintenance, failure data and models, and operational research methods
useful in optimal maintenance systems design.

**8054. Advanced Marine Vehicles.** Concepts used in the design of advanced marine vehicles.
Emphasis will be given to: structural design of craft constructed from fibre reinforced plastics;
high speed marine vehicles (powering, structures, seakeeping and model testing); small craft.
Relevant laboratory exercises.

**8062. Marine Production Management.** Concurrent Engineering, Computer Aided, Flexible
and Computer Integrated Manufacturing systems (CAM, FMS & CIM) applied to the design and
construction of marine vehicles and platforms. Quality and Productivity Management. Relevant
laboratory exercises.

**8090. Special Topics in Marine Hydrodynamics.**

**8091. Special Topics in Marine Structures.**

**8092. Special Topics in Marine Engineering.**

**8401. Nonlinear Optimization.** An introduction to the basic methods of nonlinear optimization
with emphasis on their application to engineering problems. Topics to be covered include:
classical indirect methods; direct search techniques; gradient and nongradient methods;
constrained and unconstrained optimization; geometric programming; quadratic programming.

**8441. Experimental Design for Engineers.** Control Charts. Nonparametric tests. Regression
Analysis. Analysis of Variance. Factorial Experimentation. Life-Testing and Reliability.

**8601 to 8610. Special Topics Related to Engineering.** These are seminar courses and/or
personal study for undergraduates in their final terms who wish to gain more specialized
knowledge in a particular field of Engineering than is possible through the standard course
offerings. This will allow for one or more students to gain in-depth knowledge of a special topic
through directed self-study and/or seminars. The student's discipline group will consider
suggestions for Study Topics courses. Such a course should normally be approved by the
Undergraduate Studies Committee at least three months before the start of the semester in which
it is to be taken.

Prerequisites: Permission of the student's Discipline Chair.

**8614. Occupational Hazards and Hygiene.** This course will identify and familiarize the student
with the occupational hazards peculiar to the Mineral Industry - dusts, gases, radiation, rock falls,
etc. Methods will be introduced to prevent, control and reduce these hazards by the use of
ventilation, refrigeration, pumping, mining environment design, etc. The role of government
inspection and regulation plus industrial safety programmes will also be considered. The use of
diesel equipment in underground mines will also be considered.

**8621. Oceanography for Engineers.** A survey course to orient the student toward
Oceanography but dealing principally with physical and chemical aspects.

**8623. Remote Sensing.** Study of remote sensing systems of multispectral photography and
scanning, thermal-infrared detection, radar imaging, and of radiometry. Visual and automatic
analysis of remote sensing imagery through stereoscopy, densitometry, and pattern recognition.
Application of remote sensing in Engineering and in related fields.

**8624. Fisheries Engineering.** The application of Engineering fundamentals to the fish
processing industry, including the thermodynamics of freezing, thawing, and drying of fish and
fish products, and application of theories of management and productivity to problems peculiar
to that industry.

**8641. Management Systems II.** Theory and techniques for the generation of information to be
used in analysis and decision making. Accuracy, precision and relevance of demand, cost, pricing
and technological data obtained from sampling surveys and designed experiments, stochastic
forecasting, motivation of efficient behaviour, control and managerial decision making,
management kinetics, organizing and designing for quality and reliability, techniques of vendor
rating, quality assurance procedures, life testing. Models of availability and reliability of
management systems, system simulation.

**8643. Work Systems Design.** The design of manufacturing systems, concepts and techniques of
designing and improving work performance and productivity of men and man -machine systems,
measurement and control of productivity efficiency, establishing work standards, capabilities and
limitations of work performance, skills analysis, analytical methods for plant layout, material
handling systems.

**8700. Civil Engineering Project.** A practically oriented design project integrated over the five
areas in which Civil programmes are offered. Students will operate in consultant groups and will
complete a design for a typical Civil Engineering undertaking. Lectures will be scheduled as
required.

**8705. Structural Building Systems.** Geometries, loads, safety and serviceability, procedure of
using the national building code for evaluating the governing loads on structural members.
Design of low rise concrete, timber and steel buildings. Lateral load-resisting elements and
bracing systems. Design of foundation systems, footing design, pile cap design, pile group
analysis using elastic centre method and inclined pile analysis. Prestressed concrete concepts:
strength of flexural members, shear reinforcement for prestressed concrete beams. Relevant
Laboratory exercises.

**8706. Analysis and Design of Structural Components.** Background for structural component
design methods, Concepts of Structural Stability, Theory of beam-columns, Elastic and inelastic
strength, Development of design equations, Lateral stability, Torsional-flexural buckling,
Introduction to plates; bending, overall and local buckling, Stiffening of structural elements,
Design procedures for stiffeners, Composite member design, Special topics related to member
and overall stability.

**8707. Maintenance and Rehabilitation of Structures.** Deterioration and Failure in Structures:
Causes and Survey Results - Material Properties and Factors Contributing to Deterioration -
Quality Assurance for Construction - Investigation and Diagnosis of Defects and Damages in
Structures - Condition-based Maintenance of Structures - Repair Strategies - Structural and
Non-Structural Repair - Case Studies on (1) Damage Assessment; and (ii) Structural Inspection,
Maintenance and Repair.

**8713. Municipal Engineering.** Planning of municipal services; estimating water demands;
design and analysis of water distribution systems and appurtenances; methods of water treatment;
estimating waste water quantity; design of sanitary sewer systems; methods of waste water
treatment; solid waste disposal and management. Relevant laboratory, field trips, and case
studies.

**8717. Environmental Assessment, Monitoring and Control.** Environmental assessment,
audits, law and regulations; water and air quality modelling; environmental risk assessment;
pollution monitoring and sampling network designs; statistical analysis; site remediation and
hazardous waste management. Relevant laboratory and field exercises.

**8723. Geotechnical Engineering III.** Subsurface exploration and sampling, onshore and
offshore; shallow and deep foundations; earth retaining structures; practical application of
geotechnical engineering principles to foundation and earth structure design and construction.

**8739. Contract Law and Labour Relations.** Introduction to law as it applies to engineering
activity; the nature of law and legal processes, including standard forms; liens, bonds and
insurances. The labour movement in North America; examination of union philosophies and
managerial attitudes; labour law and collective bargaining; disputes and settlements.

**8744. Transportation Engineering.** Transportation systems; operational characteristics of
various modes; traffic control devices; design criteria and standards for land, air and marine
facilities; planning techniques as applied to urban and regional transport systems; government
activity; transportation economics. Relevant laboratory/field exercises.

**8748. Project Planning and Control.** Introduction to types of contracts, project delivery
approaches, and prevailing contractual relationships; basic project management techniques for
network planning and scheduling (CPM and PERT); principles of resource productivity
databases, preliminary estimating, and detailed bid preparation; quantitative approaches for
effective control of time, cost, resource, quality, and value of constructed facilities; use of
computer software for scheduling, estimating, and control.

**8751. Coastal and Ocean Engineering.** The coastal and ocean environment; ocean circulation
and properties; waves and tides; instrumentation and measurement. Additional topics will be
drawn from the areas of hydraulic, geotechnical and structural engineering. Relevant
laboratory/field exercises.

**8790-8799. Special Topics in Civil Engineering.**

**8800. Electrical Engineering Project.** Each student is required to work independently on a
project having some Electrical Engineering pertinence, and to present written and oral reports on
this work. Projects will normally have a design or analysis orientation and they will typically
involve the use of some equipment, devices and hardware. Lectures will be scheduled as
required.

**8801-8809. Special Topics in Electrical Engineering.**

**8813. Propagation and Diffraction.** Antennas over flat and spherical earth models; basic
diffraction theory, including Kirchhoff diffraction; surface-wave propagation; ionospheric
propagation; microwave and millimetre-wave propagation; tropospheric scatter propagation;
ELF and VLF propagation.

**8821. Digital Signal Processing.** Design of digital signal processing systems and their
implementation in software, hardware and firmware; discrete signals and representations;
sampling and reconstruction; signal analysis; digital filter design; realization and
implementation; signal processing: models, compression, generation, recognition; error
analysis. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**8825. Control Systems II.** Sampled data systems; design of digital control systems using
transform techniques; state space models for single- and multi-input/output systems;
observability, controllability; state feedback without and with integral controller structure, state
observers; quadratic optimal regulator and tracking control strategies; introduction to stability
and control of non-linear systems.

**8826. Filter Synthesis.** Network functions; realizability; derivation of transfer functions from
amplitude functions; frequency and impedance scaling; approximations for all-pole filters;
rational filters; frequency and RC:CR transformations; elements of passive synthesis; elements of
active synthesis; introduction to digital filtering; realization of FIR and IIR digital filters; basic
design considerations for digital filters.

**8845. Power System Operation.** Generator scheduling: economic operation, reliability and unit
commitment; power system stability; power system protection.

**8846. Power Electronic Systems.** Modelling, analysis, control and design of power electronic
systems; dc motor drives; induction motor drives; synchronous motor drives; reluctance motor
drives; high-voltage dc (HVDC) transmission; static VAR control; utility interface systems;
power conditioners and uninterruptible power supplies; induction heating and electric welding
power supplies; resonant converters; isolated high frequency switching power supplies.
Simulation and design of power electronic systems.

**8851. Transducers and Instrumentation.** Introduction to measurements of non-electrical
quantities such as force, acceleration, displacement, using electrical transducers; transducer
analysis and modelling, dynamic response, accuracy, repeatability, hysteresis, non-linearity and
dynamic range; calibration and standards; instrumentation and signal processing circuits; data
acquisition systems. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**8863. Introduction to LSI Design.** A simple model for MOS transistor is described and a
simple model for describing switching circuits is introduced. Methods of structured design are
discussed, together with the physical processes involved in the construction of a modern MOS
large scale integrated (LSI) circuit. A standard language for describing LSI devices is introduced,
and students are required to specify the design of devices using this language.

**8874. Telecommunications System Design.** Fundamental system design and evaluation; link
calculations, system noise; noise characterization; linear and nonlinear distortions, transmission
emission, receiver interferences, propagation characterization and counter-measure techniques,
performance evaluation; multiplexing and multiple access; various applications such as
line-of-sight microwave links, satellite communication systems, land mobile communication
systems and optical communication systems.

**8879. Digital Communications.** Baseband digital transmission; intersymbol interference (ISI),
partial response signalling, maximum likelihood receiver, matched filter, correlation receiver and
error probability performance; source coding; the concept of information; entropy, Huffman
code; linear predictive coding; channel coding; block codes, convolutional codes; modulation
and coding trade-offs; bandwidth and power efficiency, spread spectrum techniques.

**8882. Biomedical Engineering.** The physiology of nerves, muscle and the cardiovascular and
cardiopulmonary systems; engineering measurement techniques as applied to these systems -
electrodes and transducers; electromedical equipment - the ECG machine, defibrillators,
electrosurgical units and patient monitors; medical imaging - X-ray, CT scanner and Nuclear
Medicine; industrial considerations - work, heat, human factors, electrical safety and CSA codes.
Relevant laboratory exercises.

**8893. Concurrent Programming.** Review of operating systems concepts. Survey and
classification of parallel and distributed architectures; vector processor, array processor,
shared-memory multiprocessor, message-passing multicomputer, distributed systems, and
computer networks. Shared-memory and message-passing programming techniques. Study of
classical concurrent problems; critical section, producer/consumer, readers/writers, dining
philosophers, and resource allocation. Correctness of concurrent programs: partial and total
correctness, safety and liveness properties. Performance analysis of algorithm-architecture
combinations. Relevant programming assignments.

**8901. Thermal Systems.** Heating and cooling loads; hot water, steam and warm air heating
systems; ventilation and air conditioning; fans, boilers, pumps; refrigeration systems; lighting
and electrical power applications; associated building systems equipment as time permits.
Relevant laboratory exercises.

**8902. Mechanical Systems and Equipment.** Overview of mechanical system design; equipment
performance characteristics: pipe networks, pumps, fans, compressors, heat exchangers, fired
heaters, cooling towers, pressure vessels, storage tanks; equipment selection for overall system
design; system optimization and performance evaluation. Design case studies. Relevant
laboratory exercises.

**8931. Experimental Mechanics.** Photoelastic methods; strain-measurement methods, strain
gauges and other types of gauges; transducers; vibration instrumentation. Relevant laboratory
exercises.

**8932. Finite Element Analysis.** Introduction, basis of the finite element method, application of
the method to various problems of continuum mechanics: beam problems, stress analysis, heat
conduction and convection, fluid mechanics. Introduction to computer-aided finite element
analysis.

**8933. Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics.** Introduction of failure mechanics: yielding, ductile
fracture, brittle fracture, fatigue fracture, lamellar tearing, environmentally assisted fracture.
Stress concentrations. Introduction to fracture mechanics: modes of fatigue crack growth, stress
intensity factor, fracture toughness, measurement of fracture toughness, J-integral. Introduction
to fatigue. Fatigue life determination. Design for the avoidance of brittle fracture. Design of
simple elements for the avoidance of fatigue failure.

**8935. Pressure Component Design.** Traditional design methods; load types: sustained, cyclic,
impact; failure modes and mechanisms; incremental collapse; plastic shakedown; residual and
thermal stresses; limit analysis: upper and lower bound approximations; damage tolerant design;
rational design procedures; case studies: cylinders; plates; shells. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**8936. Mechanical Project II.** The objective of this course is to complete the technical design of
the team project initiated in Engineering 7936 and then, to construct and test the system. In each
term there will also be a series of lectures on topics such as risk assessment and environmental
and safety issues.

**8943. Computer Integrated Manufacturing.** Introduction to Computer Integrated
Manufacturing; workcell communication networks and protocols; integrated data bases and shop
floor data collection; design for manufacturability and concurrent engineering; integrated
materials handling; emerging technologies. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**8944. Quality Management and Control.** Quality management systems: total quality
management, organizing and planning for quality; quality measurement; design for quality;
quality conformance: statistical process control (SPC), sampling techniques; quality standards
(ISO 9000). Case studies. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**8951. Water and Air Pollution Control.** Treatment of water for control of pathogens and toxic
contaminants. Treatment of sewage. BOD testing and treatment of industrial effluents. Analytical
methods in pollution testing and control. Particulate control in atmospheric discharges. Testing
and control of toxic gases. Design of smoke stacks.

**8955. Food Process Engineering II.** Engineering approach to food process operations to include
thermal processing, evaporation, dehydration, refrigeration, freezing, fermentation engineering
and food plant waste treatment. The course is taught with the unit operation approach,
emphasizing the process rather than individual products. (Same as Biochemistry 3405).

**8962. Corrosion and Corrosion Control.** Forms of corrosion. The electrochemical nature of the
corrosion process. The mixed potential theory - Purbaix Diagrams and Evans Diagrams.
Corrosion testing, control use by use of materials selection, cathodic protection, inhibitors and
coatings. Case studies of selected corrosion problems. Relevant laboratory exercises.

**8970-8979. Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering.**

**8981. Tribology.** An introduction to tribology. Topics to include contact and dry friction
between materials, surface temperatures and surface reactions, wear of dry sliding surfaces,
boundary lubrication, solid lubrication, fluid lubrication principles, hydrostatic bearings, journal
and pad bearing failures, elastohydrodnamic lubrication, ball and roller bearings, rolling element
fatigue, seals, oils and greases.

**8991. Industrial Engineering.** Fundamentals of rational decision making in large engineering
systems. Static optimization, steepest descent and quadratic convergence strategies, linear
programming, simplex method, computational aspects, duality. Network analysis, finite graphs,
critical path scheduling.

Last modified on October 8, 1997 by MaryJane Puxley