Memorial University of Newfoundland

OFFICE OF THE REGISTRAR


FACULTY OF SCIENCE

Dean

Law, A.G., B.A., M.A. British Columbia, Ph.D. Georgia Institute of Technology; Professor of Computer Science

Associate Dean

Gardner, G.A., B.Sc. Guelph, M.Sc., Ph.D. British Columbia; Associate Professor of Biology

Associate Dean (Research)

Davidson, W.S., B.Sc. Edinburgh, Ph.D. Queen's; Professor of Biochemistry

Executive Assistant to the Dean

Short, G.P., C.M.A.

DEPARTMENT OF BIOCHEMISTRY

Head

Brosnan, J.T., B.Sc., M.Sc. National University of Ireland, D.Phil. Oxford; University Research Professor, Awarded 1990; Professor

Professors

Barnsley, E.A., B.Sc., Ph.D. London

Brosnan, M.E., B.A., M.Sc., Ph.D. Toronto; Deputy Head

Chandra, R.K., M.B.B.S. Punjab, M.D. New Delhi

Davidson, W.S., B.Sc. Edinburgh, Ph.D. Queen's; Associate Dean of Science (Research)

Herzberg, G.R., B.S., Ph.D. Maine

Hulan, H.W., B.Sc., M.Sc. McGill, Ph.D. Maine

Ke, P., B.Eng. Nat. Cheng-Kung University, M.Sc., Taiwan, M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Windsor

Keough, K.M.W., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Toronto; Vice-President (Research)

Martin, A.M., B.E., D.Ch.E. Havana, M.C.I.C.

Mookerjea, S.S., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Calcutta; University Research Professor, Awarded 1987

Patel, T.R., B.Sc., M.Sc. Baroda, M.A., Ph.D. Texas

Rahimtula, A.D., M.Sc. Bombay, Ph.D. Southampton; Deputy Head

Shahidi, F., B.Sc. Shiraz, Ph.D. McGill

Associate Professors

Davis, P.J., B.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial

Friel, J.K., B.Sc. Loyola, M.Sc. Saskatchewan, Ph.D. Guelph

Hoover, R., B.Sc. Ceylon, M.Sc. Leeds, Ph.D. Alberta

Mulligan, M.E., B.Sc. University College Dublin, Ph.D. Harvard

Robinson, J.J., B.Sc. University College Dublin, M.Sc. Trinity College Dublin, Ph.D. Alberta

Assistant Professors

Ghazala, S., B.Sc. Baghdad, Dip.Mech.Eng., M.Sc.Mech.Eng. University of Technology, Baghdad, Ph.D. McGill

Heeley, D.H., B.Sc., Ph.D. Birmingham

Roebothan, B., B.Sc. Memorial, M.Sc. Saskatchewan, Ph.D. Memorial

Adjunct Professor

Banoub, J., B.Sc., M.Sc. Alexandria, Ph.D. Montreal

Administrative Assistant

Sinnott, A.L., B.Comm. Memorial

Amino Acid Laboratory Supervisor

Hall, D.E., R.T.

Senior Technician, Student Laboratory

Murphy, M.J., B.Sc. Memorial

Supply Supervisor

Garrett, M.D.

DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY

Head

Colbo, M., B.Sc., M.Sc. Alberta, Ph.D. Queensland; Professor

Professors

Bal, A.K., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Calcutta; Head, Faculty of Science Electron Microscopy Unit

Burton, D., B.Sc. Wales, P.G.C.E., Ph.D. London

Collins, M.A.J., B.Sc., Cert. Ed., M.Sc. Southampton, B.Ed., M.Ed. Memorial, Ph.D. Keele; Winner of the President's Award for Distinguished Teaching, 1996-97

Gordon, R., B.Sc., Ph.D. Sheffield

Green, J.M., B.Sc. Michigan, M.Sc. Miami, Ph.D. British Columbia

Haedrich, R.L., A.B., A.M., Ph.D. Harvard

Khan, R.A., B.S.A., M.Sc., Ph.D. Toronto

Larson, D.J., B.Ed. Saskatchewan, B.Sc., M.Sc. Alberta, Ph.D. Calgary

May, A.W., B.Sc.(Hons.), M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. McGill, DU Ottawa, D.Sc. Memorial, LL.D. Brock; President

Patel, T.R., B.Sc., M.Sc. Baroda, M.A., Ph.D. Texas

Steele, D.H., B.Sc. Western Ontario, M.Sc., Ph.D. McGill

Steele, V.J., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. McGill

Professor Emeritus

Davis, C.C., B.Sc. Oberlin, M.Sc., Ph.D. Washington

Associate Professors

Anderton, C.A., B.Sc., M.Sc. London, Teach. Cert., Dip. Ed. Exeter, Ph.D. C.N.A.A.

Carr, S., B.S. Cal. Poly. State U., Ph.D. Berkeley

Colbo, M., B.Sc., M.Sc. Alberta, Ph.D. Queensland; Acting Associate Dean of Graduate Studies

Cowan, G.I.McT., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. British Columbia

Dabinett, P.E., B.Sc., Cert. Ed. London, Ph.D. Western Ontario

Dickinson, A.B., B.Sc. London, B.Ed., M.Sc. Memorial, M.A.(Ed.) Leeds, M.Phil., Ph.D. Cambridge; Operational Director CCIFTD

Emerson, I.P., B.Sc. Toronto, B.Ed., M.Sc. Memorial; First Year Coordinator

Finney-Crawley, J.R., B.Sc. Wales, M.Sc., Ph.D. London

Gardner, G.A., B.Sc. Guelph, M.Sc., Ph.D. British Columbia; Associate Dean of Science

Gow, J.A., B.Sc. Guelph, M.Sc. Western Ontario, Ph.D. McGill

Innes, D., B.Sc. British Columbia, M.Sc. Dalhousie, Ph.D. S.U.N.Y.

Knoechel, R., B.Sc., Cornell, Ph.D. McGill

Kao, M., B.Sc. Taiwan, M.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial

Lee, D.R., B.Sc. McGill, M.Sc. Mount Allison, Ph.D. Aberdeen

Miller, E.H., B.Sc. Alberta, M.Sc. Canterbury, Ph.D. Dalhousie

Pickavance, J.R., B.Sc., Ph.D. Liverpool; Undergraduate Officer and Deputy Head

Scott, J., B.Sc. Memorial, Cert.Ed. London, M.Ed., Ph.D. O.I.S.E.

Scott, P.J., B.Sc. Alberta, Ph.D. Memorial; Curator, Agnes Marion Ayre Herbarium; Director, MUN Botanical Garden

Singleton, D.R., B.Sc. Memorial, M.Sc. McGill

Whittick, A., B.Sc. London, M.Sc. Durham, Ph.D. Memorial; Graduate Officer

Assistant Professors

Burton, M., B.Sc., Ph.D. London

Dunbrack, R., B.A. New Brunswick, Ph.D. Simon Fraser

Fahraeus-Van Ree, G., M.E., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. State University of Utrecht, The Netherlands

Hermanutz, L., B.Sc. Guelph, M.Sc. Windsor, Ph.D. Western Ontario

Hooper, R.G., B.Sc. Victoria, Ph.D. Portsmouth; Curator, Phycological Herbarium

Adjunct Professors

Anderson, M.R., B.Sc., M.Sc. Laval, Ph.D. McGill

Bérubé, J.A., B.Sc. McGill, M.Sc., Ph.D. Laval

Carroll, A.L., B.Sc. Simon Fraser, Ph.D. New Brunswick

Chardine, J.W., B.Sc. Guelph, M.Sc. Brock, Ph.D. Durham

Dixon, P.L., B.Sc. Memorial, M.Sc. Guelph, Ph.D. Edinburgh

Fahrig, L., B.Sc. Queen's, M.Sc. Carleton, Ph.D. Toronto

Hampson, M.C., B.Sc., Dip.Ed. Wales, M.Sc. McGill, Ph.D. Cornell

Hoenig, J.M., B.S. Cornell, M.S., M.S., Ph.D. Rhode Island

Hutchings, J.A., B.Sc. Toronto, M.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial

Kingston, J.C., B.S. Iowa State, M.S. Delaware, Ph.D. Bowling Green State

MacDonald, J.E., B.Sc. St. Francis Xavier, M.Sc.F. New Brunswick, Ph.D. Victoria

McKenzie, D.B., B.S.A., M.Sc. Manitoba, Ph.D. Texas A & M

Mosseler, A.J., B.Sc.F., M.Sc., Ph.D. Toronto

Myers, R.A., B.Sc. Rice, M.Sc., Ph.D. Dalhousie

Patel, J.T., B.Sc., M.Sc. Maharaja Sayajirao, M.S. Texas Women's, Ph.D. S.U.N.Y. (Buffalo)

Schwinghamer, P.J., B.Sc. Calgary, M.Sc., Ph.D. Dalhousie

Shelton, P.A., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Cape Town

Stenson, G.B., B.Sc. Alberta, Ph.D. British Columbia

Wells, E.D., B.Sc.F. New Brunswick, M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Aberdeen

Administrative Staff Officer

Squires, P.

Supervisor of Laboratories

Snow, K.

DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY

Head

Tremaine, P., B.Sc. Waterloo, Ph.D. Alberta; Professor

Professor Emeritus

Anderson, H.J., M.Sc. Manitoba, Ph.D. Northwestern

Professors

Brooker, M.H., B.Sc. Toronto, Ph.D. Waterloo, F.C.I.C.; Winner of the Dean of Science Distinguished Scholar Medal, 1995

Gogan, N.J., B.Sc., Ph.D. National University of Ireland, Dublin, F.C.I.C.

Gregory, B., B.Sc., Ph.D. Nottingham, F.C.I.C.; Director, Mass Spectrometer Facility; Winner of the President's Award Distinguished Teaching, 1991-92

Jablonski, C.R., B.Sc. Mass., Ph.D. Calgary; Deputy Head (Graduate Studies); Director, NMR Facility; Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1984-85

Loader, C.E., B.Sc. Nottingham, M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Nottingham

Lucas, C.R., B.Sc., M.Sc. Acadia, D.Phil. Oxon, F.C.I.C.

Machin, W.D., B.Sc. Carleton, Ph.D. Rensselaer

Ralph, E.K., B.Sc. Rhode Island, Ph.D. South Carolina

Smith, F.R., B.Sc., Ph.D. London, F.C.I.C.

Stein, A.R., B.Sc. Alberta, Ph.D. Illinois

Thompson, L.K., B.Sc., Ph.D. Manchester; University Research Professor, Awarded 1995

Associate Professors

Atherton, J.N., B.Sc. Liverpool, M.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial, Ac. Dip. Ed. London

Bridson, J.N., M.A., D.Phil. Oxon, F.C.I.C.; Director, X-Ray Diffraction Facility

Burnell, D.J., B.Sc., M.Sc. Carleton, Ph.D. New Brunswick, Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1991-92

Clase, H.J., M.A., Ph.D. Cantab, M.C.I.C.

Copeman, D.G., B.Sc. Windsor, Ph.D. Memorial

Davis, R.W., B.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. U.B.C.

Georghiou, P.E., B.Sc. Witwatersrand, Ph.D. McGill

Golding, P.D., B.Sc. Acadia, M.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial

Helleur, R.J., B.Sc. Concordia, M.Sc. McGill, Ph.D. Queen's

Mackey, M.D., B.Sc. British Columbia, M.Sc., Ph.D. Guelph; Deputy Head (Undergraduate Studies)

Pickup, P.G., B.A., D.Phil. Oxon

Poirier, R.A., B.Sc., M.Sc. Laurentian, Ph.D. Toronto, Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1986-87

Assistant Professors

Bodwell, G.J., B.Sc., M.Sc. Victoria, Dr.Rer.Nat. Techn. Univ. Braunschweig

Schriver, M.J., B.Sc., Ph.D. New Brunswick

Cross-Appointments

Longerich, H., B.Sc. Millikin, Ph.D. Indiana

Orr, J.C., B.Sc. London, Ph.D. Glasgow, A.R.C.S.

Parrish, C.C., B.Sc. Wales, Ph.D. Dalhousie

Shahidi, F., B.Sc. Shiraz, Ph.D. McGill

Adjunct Appointments

Barton, D., B.Sc., Ph.D. SUNY at Buffalo

Mandel, S., B.Sc. Burdwan, M.Sc. Banares, Ph.D. Calcutta

DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE

Head

Bartha, M., M.Sc., Ph.D. József Attila University, Hungary; Associate Professor

Professors

Law, A.G., B.A., M.A. British Columbia, Ph.D. Georgia Institute of Technology; Dean of Science

Vidyasankar, K., M.Tech. I.I.T. Kanpur, Ph.D. Waterloo

Zuberek, W., M.Sc., Ph.D. Warsaw Tech.

Associate Professors

Dawe, R.J., B.Ed., B.A. Memorial, M.Sc. Iowa

Deb, A., M.Tech. Calcutta, Ph.D. Iowa

Foltz, J.M., B.Sc. Pennsylvania State

Gillard, P., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial

Lu, S., B.Eng. Peking, M.Sc., Ph.D. Waterloo

Middleton, A., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Southhampton

Miminis, G., Dipl. Greek Center of Productivity, B.Sc. Univ. of Ioannina (Greece), M.Sc., Ph.D. McGill

Rehner, N., B.A., M.A., Ph.D. Rochester

Shieh, J., B.Sc. Beijing, M.Sc., Ph.D. Simon Fraser

Tang, J., M.Sc. Iowa, Ph.D. Penn. State

Wang, C.A., B.A. Peking, M.Sc. Alberta, Ph.D. Alberta

Assistant Professors

Brown, E., B.Sc. Memorial, M.Sc. U. of T., Ph.D. Toronto

Byrne, R., B.Sc., B.Eng. Memorial, M.Sc., Ph.D. Victoria

Fiech, A., Ph.D. Kansas State

Mata-Montero, M., B.Sc. Costa Rica, M.Sc. Illinois, Ph.D. Victoria

Singleton, S., B.Sc. Memorial, M.Sc. Queen's

Yuan, X., B.Sc., M.Sc. Academia Sinica, China, Ph.D. Alberta

Adjunct Professors

Day, W.H.E., A.B. Harvard, M.S., D.S. Washington, Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1985-86

Fellner, D., Diplom, Ph.D. Graz

Lecturers

Batten, D.L., B.Sc. Memorial, M.Sc. Queen's

Gupta, R., B.A. Agra Univ., B.A. Memorial, M.S. Georgia Tech.

Zuberek, M., B.Eng., M.Sc. Warsaw Tech.

Systems Manager

Rayment, M., B.Sc. Memorial, MS M.I.U.

Systems Programmers

Manual, P., B.Sc. Memorial

Rendell, M., B.Sc.(Hons.) Memorial

Rochester, J., B.Sc.(Hons.) Memorial

White, N., B.Sc. Memorial, MS M.I.U.

Laboratory Instructor

Gellately, E., B.A., B.Sc. Memorial

Instructional Assistants

Johnstone, S., B.Sc. Memorial

Milley, C., B.Sc. Memorial

Verbree-Barnes, I., B.Sc. Memorial

Administrative Staff Specialist

Boone, E.

DEPARTMENT OF EARTH SCIENCES

Head

Quinlan, G.M., B.Sc. Toronto, Ph.D. Dalhousie; Professor

Professor Emeritus

Deutsch, E.R., M.A. Toronto, Ph.D. London

Professors

Aksu, A.E., B.Sc. Ege, M.Sc., Ph.D. Dalhousie

Gale, J.E., B.A.(Ed.), B.Sc. Memorial, M.Sc. Western Ontario, M.Eng.Sci., Ph.D. Berkeley, Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1985-86

Hall, J., B.A. Oxon, DIC London, Ph.D. Glasgow

Harper, J.D., B.A.Sc., M.A.Sc. Toronto, Ph.D. Brown University

Hiscott, R.N., B.Sc. Brock, Ph.D. McMaster

Hodych, J.P., M.A., Ph.D. Toronto

King, A.F., M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Reading

Lines, L.R., B.Sc., M.Sc. Alberta, Ph.D. British Columbia; NSERC/Petro Canada Research Professor

Longerich, H., B.Sc. Millikin, Ph.D. Indiana

Malpas, J.G., M.A. Oxon, M.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial, Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1984-85; Dean of School of Graduate Studies

Miller, H.G., B.Sc., M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. British Columbia; Associate Executive-Director, Marine Institute

Rivers, C.J.S., B.Sc. Belfast, Ph.D. Ottawa

Rochester, M.G., B.A., M.A. Toronto, Ph.D. Utah, F.R.S.C.; University Research Professor, Awarded 1986

Williams, H., M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Toronto, F.R.S.C.; University Research Professor, Awarded 1984

Williams, S.H., B.Sc. Birmingham, Ph.D. Glasgow, Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1991-92

Wilton, D.H.C., B.Sc. Memorial, M.Sc. British Columbia, Ph.D. Memorial; Ass. Director, Labrador Institute of Northern Studies

Wright, J.A., B.A.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Toronto

Associate Professors

Abrajano, T., Jr. A., B.Sc. Phillippines, M.Sc. Akron, Ph.D. Washington

Burden, E.T., B.Sc., M.Sc. Toronto, Ph.D. Calgary

Calon, T.J., M.Sc., Ph.D. Leiden

Dunning, G.R., B.Sc., M.Sc. Carleton, Ph.D. Memorial; Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1994-95

Hurich, C., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Wyoming

Jenner, G.A., B.Sc., M.Sc. Western Ontario, Ph.D. Tasmania

Mason, R.A., B.Sc. London, Ph.D. Aberdeen

Murthy, G.S., B.Sc., M.Sc. Andhra, M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Alberta

Wilson, M.R., B.Sc.(Hons.), Ph.D. Sask.

Assistant Professors

Indares, A., B.Sc. Grenoble, M.Sc., Ph.D. Montreal

Wadleigh, M.A., B.Sc.(Hons.) Carleton, M.Sc. Ottawa, Ph.D. McMaster

Adjunct Professors

Cawood, P., B.Sc., Ph.D. Sydney

Davenport, P.H., B.Sc. Durham, Ph.D. Queen's

Kerr, A., B.Sc.(Hons.) Southampton, M.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial

McClay, K.R., B.Sc.(Hons.) Adelaide, M.Sc., Ph.D. Imperial College, London

Scott, W.J., B.A.Sc., M.A. Toronto, Ph.D. McGill

Swinden, H.S., B.Sc. Dalhousie, M.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial

Wright, C., B.Sc.(Hons.) Durham, Ph.D. Australian National

Cross-Appointments

Haedrich, R.L., B.A., M.A., Ph.D. Harvard

Hay, A.E., B.Sc., M.Sc. Western Ontario, Ph.D. British Columbia

Helleur, R.J., B.Sc. Concordia, M.Sc. McGill, Ph.D. Queen's

Morin, P.J., B.Sc. Grenoble, E.Eng., D.Ing. Paris, P.Eng.

Tremaine, P., B.Sc. Waterloo, Ph.D. Alberta

Post-Doctoral Fellows

Corrigan, D., B.Sc.(Hons.), M.Sc. Dalhousie, Ph.D. Carleton

Forsythe, L., B.A. St. John's College, M.S. Sulross State, Ph.D. Oregon State

Horn, I., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Göttingen

Ketchum, J., B.Sc. Queen's, Ph.D. Dalhousie

Associate Professors (Research)

Jackson, S.E., B.Sc. Leeds, Ph.D. Aberdeen

Jamison, W.R., B.Sc. Georgia Institute of Technology, M.Sc. Calgary, Ph.D. Texas A&M

Research Computing Specialist

Smith, D., B.Sc.(Hons.)

Laboratory Instructor

Churchill, E., B.Sc.(Hons.) Memorial

Administrative Officer

Browne, P.J.

DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS

Head

Watson, B., B.A., M.A., Ph.D. Western Ontario; Professor

MATHEMATICS

Professors

Bass, D.W., B.Sc. Hull, M.Phil, P.G.C.E. London, Ph.D. Warwick

Booth, P.I., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Hull

Brunner, H., M.A., Ph.D. E.T.H. Zurich; University Research Professor, Awarded 1994

Burry, J.H., B.A.(Ed.) Memorial, M.Sc. Dalhousie, Ph.D. Queen's

Eddy, R.H., B.A.(Ed.), B.Sc., M.A. Memorial

Gaskill, H.S., B.A., M.A. Colorado, Ph.D. Simon Fraser

Goodaire, E.G., B.Sc. Toronto, Ph.D. British Columbia

Heath, P.R., B.Sc., Ph.D. Hull, DBS Durham, MTS Queen's

Jespers, E., B.Sc., Ph.D. K.U. Leuven; University Research Professor, Awarded 1996

Lal, M., B.A. Punjab, M.Sc. Aligarh, Ph.D. British Columbia

Moore, E., B.Sc. (Min.) Edinburgh, B.Sc. St. Andrews, Ph.D. Waterloo, P.Eng.

Narayanaswami, P.P., B.A., M.A. Madras, Ph.D. Dalhousie

Parmenter, M.M., B.Sc. Toronto, Ph.D. Alberta

Sabin, G.C.W., B.Sc., M.Sc. Simon Fraser, Ph.D. Windsor

Shawyer, B.L.R., B.Sc., Ph.D. St. Andrews, C.Math., F.I.M.A. (U.K.)

Singh, S.P., B.Sc. Agra, M.Sc., Ph.D. Banaras, F.I.M.A. (U.K.), F.N.A.Sc. (India)

Summers, D., B.Sc., Ph.D. London, F.I.M.A. (U.K.)

Thomeier, S., Dipl. Math., D. Phil. Nat. Frankfurt

Williams, E.R., B.Sc., B.Ed., M.A. Memorial, Ph.D. Alberta

Associate Professors

Bartholomew, C.F., B.Sc. Birmingham, P.G.C.E., M.Sc. London

Charron, R.J., B.Sc. New Brunswick, M.Math. Waterloo, Ph.D. New Brunswick

Halfyard, C.W., B.Sc., B.Ed., M.A. Memorial

Hawkin, E., B.Ed., B.Sc. Memorial, M.A. British Columbia

Kocurko, R., B.A., B.Ed., M.Sc. Memorial

Lewis, M.K., B.Sc., Ph.D. Wales; Winner of the President's Award for Distinguished Teaching, 1996-97

MacDonald, T., B.A., B.Ed., M.A. Memorial

May, S., B.A., M.B.A. Sask., M.Math., Ph.D. Waterloo

Meade, B., B.A., M.Sc. Memorial

Norris, C.W., B.Sc., B.Ed., M.A. Memorial, Ph.D. Michigan State; Deputy Head of Department (Undergraduate)

Oleson, M., B.Sc. Manitoba, M.Sc., Ph.D. Waterloo

Rees, R.S., B.Sc., B.Med.Sc., Ph.D. Queen's, FTICA

Rideout, D., B.A.(Ed.), B.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. McGill; Deputy Head of Department (Mathematics)

Suvak, J.A., B.S. St. Martin's College, M.S., Ph.D. Arizona

Veitch, M., B.A.(Ed.), B.A., M.Sc., M.Ed. Memorial

Assistant Professors

Chandna, A., B.Sc., M.Sc. Windsor, Ph.D. Western Ontario

Foster, A., B.Sc., Ph.D. Dalhousie, M.Math. Waterloo

Adjunct Professor

Evans, G.T., B.Sc. Carleton, Ph.D. Toronto

Laboratory Instructors

Hoenig, N., B.S., M.S. Rhode Island

O'Reilly, G., B.Sc. Memorial

STATISTICS

Professors

Bartlett, R.F., B.Sc., B.Ed. Memorial, M.Sc. Manitoba, Ph.D. Waterloo

Jain, R.K., M.Sc. Windsor, Ph.D. Western Ontario

Lee, C.C., B.Sc. Cheng-Kung, M.Sc., Ph.D. Oregon State

Sutradhar, B.C., B.Sc. Dacca, M.Sc. Dacca and Western Ontario, Ph.D. Western Ontario

Associate Professors

Balasooriya, U., B.A., Dip. (Stat) Sri Lanka, M.A., Ph.D. Western Ontario; Deputy Head of Department (Statistics)

Dionne, L., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Montreal

Gadag, V., B.Sc., M.Sc. Karnatak, M.Phil., Ph.D. Poona

Assistant Professors

Reimers, M., B.Sc. Toronto, M.Sc., Ph.D. British Columbia

Wang, H., B.Sc. Beijing Normal, Ph.D. Regina

Adjunct Professors

Hoenig, J., B.Sc. Cornell, M.Sc., Ph.D. Rhode Island

Warren, W., B.Sc., M.Sc. New Zealand, Ph.D. North Carolina

Consultants for Master of Applied Statistics Programme

Bulcock, J.W., B.A. Leeds, M.Ed. British Columbia

Courage, G., M.E.S. North Carolina State; Newfoundland Statistics Agency

Graesser, M.W., B.A. Reed College; Department of Political Science, M.U.N.

Griffiths, A.K., B.Sc. Wales, M.Sc. Salford, M.Ed. Memorial, Ph.D. Alberta; Faculty of Education, Memorial University

Hoenig, J.M., B.Sc. Cornell, M.Sc., Ph.D. Rhode Island; Department of Fisheries and Oceans, St. John's

Lye, L.M., B.Sc.(Hons.) Bolton Inst., Ph.D. Manitoba, P.Eng.; Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, Memorial University

Moore, E., B.Sc. (Min.) Edinburgh, B.Sc. St. Andrews, Ph.D. Waterloo, P.Eng.; Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, Memorial University

Schneider, D.C., B.Sc. Duke, Ph.D. SUNY, Stony Brook; Ocean Sciences Centre, NICOS

Segovia, J., M.D., M.P.H. Buenos Aires; Associate Dean for Community Medicine

Spain, W.H., B.S. Windsor College, M.Ed. Shippensburg State College, Ph.D. Ohio State; Faculty of Education, Memorial University

Thompson, R.J., B.Sc. Bristol, Ph.D. Leicester; Ocean Sciences Centre, Logy Bay

Tsoa, E.Y., B.A. Taiwan, M.A., Ph.D. Notre Dame; Department of Economics, Memorial University

Administrative Staff Specialist

English, R.

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS AND PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY

Head

Reddy, S.P., M.Sc., D.Sc. Andhra, F. Inst. P. London, F.A.P.S.; Professor

Professors

Cho, C.W., B.Sc. Seoul, M.A., Ph.D. Toronto

Clouter, M.J., M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Toronto

Gien, T.T., Lic. és Sc. Saigon, M.Sc., Ph.D. Ohio

Hay, A.E., B.Sc., M.Sc. Western Ontario, Ph.D. British Columbia, Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1987-88

Kiefte, H., B.A.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Toronto; University Research Professor, Awarded 1991

Whitmore, M.D., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. McMaster

Associate Professors

Bishop, R.B., B.Sc., M.Sc. Memorial

de Bruyn, J.R., M.Sc. Queen's, Ph.D. British Columbia (NSERC URF); Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1996-97

de Young, B., B.Sc., M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. British Columbia

Foltz, N.D., B.Sc., M.S., Ph.D. Pennsylvania State

Greatbatch, R.J., B.Sc. Liverpool, Ph.D. Cambridge

Lamb, K.G., B.Sc. Waterloo, Ph.D. Princeton

Lewis, J.C., B.Sc., M.Sc. Carleton, Ph.D. Toronto

McAndrew, J.D., B.Sc. St. Andrew's, Ph.D. Glasgow

Morrow, M.R., B.Sc. McMaster, M.Sc., Ph.D. British Columbia

Rao, V.S., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Andhra

Rich, N.H., B.Sc., M.S. Maine, Ph.D. S. California

Walsh, D.J., B.Sc. Memorial

Weir, H., B.Sc., B.A.(Ed.), M.Sc. Memorial

Whitehead, J.P., B.Sc. St. Andrew's, Ph.D. Alberta

Assistant Professor

Lagowski, J.B., B.Sc. Manitoba, M.Sc., Ph.D. Toronto (NSERC WFA)

Adjunct Professors

Beavis, R.C., B.Sc., Ph.D. Manitoba

Gagnon, R., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial

Helbig, J., B.Sc. Alma, M.Sc., Ph.D. British Columbia

Mertz, G., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. British Columbia

Sanderson, B.G., B.Sc., M.Sc. Auckland, Ph.D. Stony Brook

Cross-Appointments

Rochester, M.G., M.A. Toronto, Ph.D. Utah, FRSC; University Research Professor, Awarded 1986

Wroblewski, J.S., B.Sc. Illinois, M.Sc., Ph.D. Florida State

Administrative Officer

Corbett, D.

Laboratory Co-ordinator

Deacon, C.G.

Instrumentation Officer

Clarke, H.C.

Mechanical Services Officer

Kieley, W.

Cryogenics Officer

Holly, W.

DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

Head

Martin, G., B.Sc., M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Australian National University

Professors

Adamec, R.E., B.A. Middlebury, M.A., Ph.D. McGill; University Research Professor, Awarded 1993

Craske, B., B.A. Hull, Ph.D. Durham

Hannah, T.E., B.A., M.A. Carleton, Ph.D. State University of New York at Stony Brook

Harley, C.W., B.S. San Francisco State, M.S., Ph.D. Oregon

Hart, D.S., B.A., M.A. Dalhousie, Ph.D. Queen's

Howe, M.L., B.A., M.A., Ph.D. Western Ontario; Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1992-93

Kozma, A., M.A., Ph.D. Western Ontario; Co-Director of Gerontology Centre

Liddell, A., B.A. Queen's, M.Phil., Ph.D. London

Lien, O.J., B.A. St. OLaf College, M.S., Ph.D. Washington State

McKim, W.A., B.A. Memorial, M.A. Toronto, Ph.D. Western Ontario

Malsbury, C., B.A. Northwestern, M.A., Ph.D. McGill

Montevecchi, W.A., B.A. Northeastern, M.Sc. Tulane, Ph.D. Rutgers

Penney, C., B.Sc.(Hons.) McGill, M.A., Ph.D. Toronto

Peterson, C., B.S. Washington, Ph.D. Minnesota

Rabinowitz, F.M., B.A., M.S. Rensselaer, Ph.D. Iowa

Revusky, B.T., B.A. California, M.S. Massachusetts, Ph.D. Louisville

Revusky, S.H., B.A. Columbia, Ph.D. Indiana

Ross, A.S., A.B. Dartmouth, M.A. Syracuse, Ph.D., Minnesota

Sherrick, M.F., B.A., M.A., Ph.D. Cincinnati; Winner of the President's Award for Distinguished Teaching, 1992-93

Skanes, G.R., B.Sc., B.A. Memorial, M.A. Dalhousie, Ph.D. McGill; Dean of School of Continuing Studies

Associate Professors

Adams, R.J., B.A. Concordia, Ph.D. McMaster

Anderson, R.E., B.A. Wisconsin, Ph.D. California

Andrews, E.A., B.A., B.Sc., M.Sc. Memorial

Arlett, C., B.Sc. Leicester, M.A., Ph.D. British Columbia

Button, C.M., B.Sc., M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Rhode Island

Courage, M.L., B.A. Memorial, M.Sc. Alberta, Ph.D Memorial

Evans, J.H., B.A., Ph.D. Wales

Gaulton, R.S., B.A., B.A.(Ed.) Memorial

Gosse, V., B.A., M.Ed. Memorial, M.Sc. Memorial

Grant, M., B.A., M.A. Toronto

Grant, V.L., B.A., M.A. Toronto, Ph.D. Memorial

Maddigan, R.I., B.A.(Hons.), M.Sc. Memorial

Moeser, S.D., B.A. Simon Fraser, M.A., Ph.D. McGill, M.B.A. Georgetown

Penney, R., B.A.(Hons.) Memorial, M.A., Ph.D. Michigan State, M.F.T. Hahnemann

Rose, H.G., B.A. Memorial, Ph.D. McMaster; Co-ordinator, First Year

Simmonds, A., B.A., B.A.(Ed.), M.Ed. (Counselling) Memorial

Storey, A.E., B.Sc., M.A. Manitoba, Ph.D. Rutgers

Strawbridge, J., B.A., M.A. Carleton, Ph.D. Queen's; Chief Negotiator, Faculty Relations

Zagorski, M., B.Sc. Wisconsin, Ph.D. Indiana

Lecturer

Hannah, E.R., B.Sc. Buenos Aires, M.A. SUNY at Stony Brook

Cross Appointments

Brown, J.A., B.Sc. St. Francis Xavier, M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Queen's

Corbett, D., B.A. Dalhousie, M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Concordia

He, P., B.Sc. Zhejiang Fisheries College, Zhejiang, China, Ph.D. Aberdeen

Jones, I.L., B.Sc.(Hons.) Carleton, M.Sc. Toronto, Ph.D. Queen's

Miller, E.H., B.Sc.(Hons.) Alberta, M.Sc. Canterbury University (New Zealand), Ph.D. Dalhousie

Murray, P.M., B.Sc.(Hons.) Ulster, Ph.D. Sterling

Schneider, D.C., B.S. Duke, Ph.D. SUNY at Stony Brook

Adjunct Professors

Davis, M.B., B.Sc.(Hons.) Guelph, M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Laval

Lawson, J.W., B.Sc. Alberta, M.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial

Stenson, G.B., B.Sc.(Hons.) Alberta, Ph.D. British Columbia

Administrative Staff Specialist

Shea, Maureen

SCIENCE 115

Associate Professor

Smith, F.R., B.Sc., M.Sc. Memorial; Co-ordinator

Laboratory Instructor

Strong, B., B.Sc. Memorial


DEGREE REGULATIONS

ADMISSION TO THE DEPARTMENT OF SUBJECT OF MAJOR

Admission to certain major programmes within the Faculty is limited and competitive.

Admission to all major programmes within the Faculty is upon formal application to the department of the subject of major after completion of the admission requirements.

Unless otherwise indicated by the Departmental Admission Regulations as published in the University Calendar under departmental regulations, students upon formal application by Change of Academic Programme Form, are normally admitted to the department of major programme upon successful completion of thirty credit hours which must include:

a) Six credit hours in English courses
b) Six credit hours in Mathematics courses
c) Six credit hours in courses from each of two Sciences other than Mathematics

Students seeking admission to departments with Departmental Admission Regulations as indicated above must apply for admission on the appropriate Departmental Application for Admission Form upon completion of the specified admission requirements.

LIMITED ENROLMENT COURSES

Certain course offerings in the Faculty of Science will be identified as being Limited Enrolment Courses and will be clearly identified as such in the University Timetable. Students who have registered for a Limited Enrolment Course must confirm their registration either (1) by attending at least one of the first three hours of lecture in the course and the first meeting of any laboratory section of the course; or (2) by notifying the department in writing within the first five university working days of the semester. Students who do not confirm their registration may be dropped from the course on the recommendation of the Head of Department.

REGULATIONS TO GOVERN SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS IN THE DEPARTMENTS OF BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS

1) Supplementary examinations will be allowed in certain of the Biochemistry and Physics courses which have written final examinations. In each course, students will be informed as to the possibility of a supplementary examination during the first week of classes. This information will be provided in writing, as part of the evaluation scheme for the course.

2) Supplementary examinations will be similar in length and degree of difficulty as the original final examination.

3) Students who wish to write supplementary examinations must apply in writing to the department within one week of release of grades.

4) A student who has clear or conditional standing may write a supplementary examination in a course if the final grade obtained is 45F and if his or her term mark is at least 50%.

5) In order to pass the course, the student, must pass the supplementary examination. If the student passes the supplementary examination, then a new grade will be calculated using the same weighting scheme as used in the course, but with the result of the supplementary examination replacing that of the original final examination. Any additional course requirements, including a requirement to pass the laboratory component of a course, will continue to apply.

6) If the new course grade is higher than the original, it will replace the original grade on the student's transcript, subject to the condition that the final mark will not exceed the student's term mark. The student's transcript will indicate that the course result was earned as the result of a supplementary examination.

7) Supplementary examinations will be written no later than the first week of the semester immediately following the one in which the course was failed. Normally they will coincide with the writing of deferred examinations. Grades for supplementary examinations will be submitted to the Registrar's office within one week following the commencement of classes for that semester.

8) A student may write a supplementary examination for any one registration in a course only once; if the course result following the supplementary examination is a fail then the course must be repeated in order to obtain credit.

REGULATIONS FOR THE GENERAL DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE

1) For the General Degree of Bachelor of Science a candidate will be required to complete, subject to the following Regulations, one hundred twenty credit hours applicable to the degree which shall include:

a) Six credit hours in English courses
b) Six credit hours in Mathematics courses
c) Six credit hours in courses from each of two Sciences other than Mathematics

2) a) Courses shall be chosen so that a candidate shall have completed an approved concentration of courses in one subject to be known as the candidate's Major. In selecting courses in their Major, candidates must comply with the Departmental Regulations approved by the Senate and printed in the Calendar. The Departmental Regulations shall require not fewer than thirty-six nor more than forty-five credit hours in courses from the subject of the Major (including the courses in that subject completed at the first year level). (See also Notes 1, 2 and 3 below).

b) The subject of the candidate's major shall be that declared by the candidate on the appropriate admission form and approved by the department at the time of admission.

c) The thirty-six or more credit hours in courses from one subject referred to in a) above, may be chosen from the following subjects, and may include courses in that subject which were completed at first-year level: Biology (see Note 5 below), Biochemistry (see Note 7 below), Chemistry, Computer Science (see Note 3 below), Earth Sciences, Geography, Mathematics (except 1150, 1151) and Statistics, Physics, Psychology.

d) A candidate may change the subject of the Major during any Regular Registration Period provided he or she has first applied for and received acceptance by the department to which application is being made.

e) In those Departments which offer programmes leading to both a degree of Bachelor of Arts and a degree of Bachelor of Science, students are free to choose the degree programme they wish to follow and may change from one to the other; however, they may not obtain BOTH degrees in the same Major subject at this University.

3) Further courses may be chosen from any of the subjects listed in Clause 2 above, or from other courses approved by the Committee on Undergraduate Studies of the Faculty of Science (see Schedule A and Note 6 below), provided that of the one hundred twenty credit hours required:

i) candidate shall have completed at least seventy-eight credit hours in courses from the subjects listed in Clause 2 above, including the Major courses and the courses required for admission; See Notes 4 and 6 below.
ii) there shall be not fewer than five subjects in which a candidate shall have completed courses. At least four of these subjects shall be chosen from the subjects listed in Clause 2 above. In the case of unspecified transfer credits awarded in a subject area not taught at Memorial University any number of such transfer credits in the aggregate shall count as one subject area.
iii) not more than fifteen unspecified transfer credit hours awarded in a subject area not taught at Memorial University shall be used to satisfy the requirements of the degree.

4) Before a candidate registers, the Head of the Department of his or her Major, or delegate, shall approve a candidate's programme which is in accordance with the above regulations. The Head of the Department or delegate shall advise each candidate of programmes suitable for his or her particular needs.

5) To obtain a general degree of Bachelor of Science a candidate shall have:

i) satisfied the conditions of Clause 1 of Section F.(2) (Classification of Degrees) of the General Academic Regulations;
ii) obtained an average of at least 1.0 point per credit hour in the 78 credit hours in Science required for the degree;
iii) obtained an average of at least 1.0 point per credit hour in the minimum number of credit hours in the major subject (or, in the case of joint majors, subjects) required for the major programme (or, in the case of joint majors, programmes).

6) Where a student satisfies the separate departmental regulations for a major in two or more subjects for which a specific joint programme does not exist, such subjects shall be recognized as the major subjects for the general degree of Bachelor of Science.

7) A candidate may complete a minor of twenty-four credit hours in courses from a subject area other than that of the Major chosen from Clause 2(c) above or from minors available in the Faculty of Arts and the Faculty of Business Administration. (It should be noted that because of departmental regulations for the Major, not every candidate may be able to fit a minor into his or her one hundred twenty credit hours programme).

a) The subject of the candidate's minor shall be that declared by the candidate on the Change of Academic Programme Form which must then be signed by the Head of the Department of the Minor.

b) A candidate must follow the departmental regulations for the Minor as set forth in the appropriate section of the Calendar.

c) The Head of the Department of the Minor will advise the candidate on the selection of courses in the Minor.

d) Students who have taken courses appropriate to their Minor at another University are required to complete at least six credit hours in courses from that subject at this University. These courses must be chosen in consultation with the Head of the Department of the Minor programme.

NOTES: 1) Departmental regulations are not intended to debar students from taking more than the required courses in the subject of their Major.

2) Students who have taken courses in the subject of their Major at another university are required to complete at least twelve credit hours in courses from that subject at this University.

3) Computer Science Majors and Computer Science Honours students shall not receive credit for Computer Science Service Courses.

4) Science 2010/2011 may be used to fulfil in part the requirement of seventy-eight credit hours in Science.

5) Biology 2120 may not be used for credit by Biology Majors.

6) When Science course equivalents have been established by Department Heads for Engineering courses, credit may not be obtained for both the Engineering course and the established equivalent course offered by the Faculty of Science.

7) In the case of Biochemistry the courses for the Biochemistry programme shall include Chemistry 2400 and 2401.

SCHEDULE A:

NOTES: 1) Subject to overall Degree Regulations a candidate may complete a maximum of forty-two credit hours in the case of a General Degree, thirty-nine in the case of a Joint Honours Degree and twenty-four credit hours in courses in the case of an Honours Degree chosen from the following list:

(i) All courses in the Faculty of Arts, to a maximum of forty-two or thirty-nine or twenty-four credit hours as stated above.

(ii) Except in cases where the specified twenty-four credit hours in Business are being used to satisfy the minor requirements, a maximum of fifteen credit hours in total from subject areas other than in Arts or Science may be used.

2) No courses in Schedule A may be used to fulfill the Science course requirement for the Honours or General degrees, with the exceptions that courses cross-listed with the Faculty of Science shall count as Science courses.

3) Courses in areas other than Arts or Science, but which are cross-listed with the Faculty of Arts, may be counted as Arts courses.

REGULATIONS FOR THE HONOURS DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE

A programme is offered leading to the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science. An Honours degree offers greater specialization in a given field of knowledge than a General degree, and requires higher than average academic achievement. Possession of this degree will be of great advantage to all students planning more advanced work in their chosen field. In many cases, an Honours degree is a prerequisite for admission to a graduate programme.

1) Admission and Registration

a) Declaration of Intent:

A candidate for an Honours degree shall declare in writing his (her) intention to pursue an Honours programme and to obtain an Honours degree in a specified subject or subjects. Such declaration shall be submitted to his (her) Department(s) of specialization and to the Registrar not earlier than the beginning of his (her) fifth semester at the University, and not later than the final date set for the application for a degree. (See paragraph I. of General Academic Regulations, and the University Diary.)

NOTE: An otherwise qualified student who fails to declare his (her) intention to obtain an Honours degree on or before the last day of the period outlined above shall be awarded a General degree even if he (she) fulfils all other requirements for an Honours degree. The University cannot undertake to notify him (her) that he (she) may be eligible for an Honours degree.

b) At the beginning of each registration period the Head(s), or delegate(s), of the Department(s) in which a candidate is taking Honours, shall approve a candidate's programme. The Head(s) of Department(s), or delegate(s), shall advise each candidate of programmes suitable for his or her particular needs.

c) Students who have been awarded a Bachelor of Science (General) degree may convert it to a Bachelor of Science (Honours) degree by declaring their intention and by completing the requirements for the Honours degree as outlined in these regulations.

2) Course Requirements

a)(i) For the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science with a single subject major a candidate will be required to have completed 120 prescribed credit hours in courses. For the Joint Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science a candidate will be required to have completed 135 prescribed credit hours in courses.

(ii) Clause 2.a.(i) notwithstanding, certain Departmental regulations preclude the possibility of completing a single subject Honours degree in 120 credit hours and may require the completion of 123, 126 or 129 credit hours in courses. (See Note below). In such cases all courses required to satisfy requirements of the degree will be used to determine Academic Standing 6(ii) below.

NOTE: The requirements for an Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science cannot be completed in 120 credit hours if any of the following three statements is true: (i) the student is a major in Chemistry, Earth Sciences, or Physics and has completed Mathematics 1080; (ii) the student is a major in Chemistry or Physics and has completed Chemistry 1800; (iii) the student is a candidate for the Honours BSc degree in Chemistry, Physics, or a geophysics specialization within Earth Sciences, and has completed Physics 1021. Such students will only meet the degree requirements after completing 123, 126 or 129 credit hours in courses.

b) Courses shall be chosen so that a candidate shall have completed:

EITHER, (i) at least sixty credit hours from courses in one of the following subjects, including the courses in that subject completed at the first year level: Biology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Computer Science (See Note 2. below), Earth Sciences, Geography, Mathematics and Statistics, Physics and Psychology.

NOTES: 1) For options in the Biochemistry, Dietetics and Nutrition programmes the courses shall be those specified in the respective programmes.

2) Computer Science Majors and Computer Science Honours students shall not receive credit for Computer Science Service Courses.

3) For the Behavioural Neuroscience Programme, the courses shall be those specified in the programme.

OR, (ii) at least eighty-four credit hours in courses from two subjects listed in (i) above, including the courses in these subjects completed at the first year level, with no fewer than thirty-six credit hours in either subject approved by the Undergraduate Studies Committee of the Faculty of Science on the recommendation of the respective Heads of Departments.

OR, (iii) in special circumstances, a programme of at least ninety credit hours in courses from two or more subjects, including the courses in these subjects completed at the first year level, one of which need not be taken from those listed in (i) above, as recommended by the Heads of the Departments concerned and approved by the Undergraduate Studies Committee of the Faculty of Science.

c) Further courses may be chosen from any of the subjects listed in Clause 2 (b) above, or from other courses recognized for this purpose by the Committee on Undergraduate Studies of the Faculty of Science (see Schedule A and Note 5 of the B.Sc. General Degree) provided that of the one hundred twenty or more credit hours required:

i. a candidate shall have completed at least ninety-six credit hours in courses from the subjects listed in Clause 2 (b) above, including those completed at the first-year level, and

ii. there shall be no fewer than four subjects in which a candidate shall have completed courses. In the case of unspecified transfer credits awarded in a subject area not taught at Memorial University, any number of such transfer credits in the aggregate shall count as one subject area.

iii. Not more than fifteen unspecified transfer credit hours in courses awarded from a subject area not taught at Memorial University shall be used to satisfy the requirements of the degree.

3) Comprehensive Examination and Dissertation

a) In addition to the regular examinations, a candidate in an Honours programme shall pass a general comprehensive examination in his (her) Major subject or subjects. Alternatively, a candidate may be required to submit a dissertation, which at the discretion of the Head(s) of the Department(s) of specialization may be followed by an oral examination thereon.

b) If a candidate is required to submit a dissertation, such dissertation must be submitted to the University Library before the degree is conferred. All Honours dissertations in the University Library shall be available for unrestricted consultation by students and faculty except under very exceptional circumstances which must be approved by the Committee on Undergraduate Studies. Copyright remains with the author. A signed release form must accompany an essay or a dissertation when it is submitted to the University Library.

c) The deadline for the submission of Honours dissertations shall be no later than three weeks before the end of the final semester of the candidate's programme.

d) The Honours dissertation shall be equivalent to either a three-credit hour course or a six-credit hour linked course as specified in the course offerings of each Department.

4) Departmental Regulations

Candidates for Honours Degrees shall also comply with such additional requirements of the appropriate Department(s) as are approved by the Senate and printed in the Calendar.

5) Residence Requirements

a) To qualify for an Honours Degree in Science, a candidate shall attend a recognized university or an equivalent institution for at least seven semesters as a full-time student. Honours candidates transferring credits to Memorial University from other universities or equivalent institutions shall EITHER spend a minimum of four of the seven semesters as full-time students at Memorial University, and take a minimum of twenty-four credit hours in courses from their Honours discipline OR take a minimum of thirty-six credit hours in courses from their Honours discipline as fulltime students at Memorial University (whichever is to their advantage), PROVIDED that the total number of semesters spent as full-time students at this and other recognized universities or equivalent institutions will not be less than seven.

b) To qualify for an Honours Degree in Science and additionally a second degree or a Diploma in Education, a candidate shall attend the University for at least ten semesters as a full-time student, except with the special permission of the Faculty Committee on Undergraduate Studies.

6) Academic Standing

In order to graduate with an Honours degree, a candidate shall obtain:

i. a grade of "B" or better, OR an average of 75% or higher (whichever is to the candidate's advantage) in the minimum number of courses in the Honours subject (or subjects) prescribed by the Department (or, in the case of joint Honours, Departments) concerned, excluding the 1000-level courses,

AND

ii. an average of at least 1.75 points on the total number of courses required for the degree (See paragraph F.(1) General Academic Regulations for explanation of the point system).

NOTE: Students who wish to fulfil the requirements of Clause 6(i) above using repeated or substituted courses must obtain approval of the Head of the Department and the Committee on Undergraduate Studies. No more than three such repeated or substituted courses will be permitted.

7) Classification of Degrees

a) If the candidate's general average is 2.25 or better per required course, and his (her) average for the courses in his (her) Honours subject (excluding 1000-level courses) is 2.50 or better, he (she) shall be awarded an Honours degree with First Class standing.

b) If the candidate fulfils the conditions of paragraph 6 but not of paragraph 7, section (a), he (she) shall be awarded an Honours degree with Second Class standing.

c) No classification will be given to the degree awarded a candidate who has completed (i) fewer than one half of the courses required for the degree at this University, or (ii) who has completed fewer than one half of the courses required for the degree at this University since 1959. All candidates for such degrees shall, however, fulfil the conditions of paragraph 6 on the courses taken at the University since September, 1959, in order to qualify for the degree.

d) A declared candidate for an Honours degree who fails to attain the academic standing specified in paragraph 6 but fulfills the academic requirements for a General Degree shall be awarded a General Degree, the classification of which shall be determined in accordance with Section F.(2) of General Academic Regulations.

JOINT PROGRAMMES

The following joint programmes are offered by Departments in the Faculty of Science, and the regulations for each programme are joint Departmental Regulations.

NOTE: for convenience of reference the joint programmes are listed below in alphabetical sequence.

a) Joint Honours
b) Joint Majors
c) Joint Options

BIOCHEMISTRY (NUTRITION)/PSYCHOLOGY (BEHAVIOURAL NEUROSCIENCE) JOINT HONOURS

The following courses (or equivalents) are required:

a) Chemistry 1000 and 1001, Biology 1001 and 1002, Mathematics 1080 and 1081 (or 1000), Physics 1020 (or 1050) and 1021 (or 1054), English 1080 and 1110.

b) Biochemistry 2100, 2101, 3106, 311A/B, 3200, 3201, 4002, 4300, 4301, 4302, 4502.

c) Psychology 1000, 1001, 2900, 2901, 2850, 3800, 3900, 4910; one of 4850 or 4851; one further Psychology course from the Selected Topics; six credit hours of laboratory courses from two different areas chosen from those listed in Clause 1(d) of the requirements for a Major in Behavioural Neuroscience.

d) Either Biochemistry 499A /B or Psychology 499A/B.

e) Chemistry 2400 and 2401.

f) Three credit hours of Computer Science.

g) Other courses to complete at least the prescribed minimum of 135 credit hours in courses for the Joint Honours Degree.

NOTE: In accordance with Clause 6.i. of the Regulations for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science, Honours candidates must obtain a grade of "B" or better, OR an average of 75% or higher in all the required courses listed in Clauses (b), (c) and (d) above, except those at the 1000 level.

BIOCHEMISTRY/PSYCHOLOGY (BEHAVIOURAL NEUROSCIENCE) JOINT HONOURS

The following courses (or equivalents) are required:

a) Chemistry 1000 and 1001, Biology 1001 and 1002, Mathematics 1000 (or 1080 and 1081) and 1001, Physics 1050 and 1054 (or Physics 1020, 1021, 1054) English 1080 and 1110.

b) Biochemistry 2100, 2101, 3105, 3106, 3107, 311A/B; one of 4210 or 4211; 12 credit hours in courses chosen from 4002, 4101, 4102, 4103, 4104, 4200, 4201, 4220.

c) Psychology 1000, 1001, 2900, 2901, 2850, 3800, 3900, 4910; one of 4850 or 4851; one further Psychology course from the Selected Topics; six credit hours of laboratory courses from two different areas chosen from those listed in Clause 1(d) of the requirements for a Major in Behavioural Neuroscience.

d) Either Biochemistry 499A/B or Psychology 499A/B

e) Chemistry 2300, 2400, 2401.

f) Three credit hours of Computer Science.

g) Other courses to complete at least the prescribed minimum of 135 credit hours in courses for the Joint Honours Degree.

NOTE: In accordance with Clause 6.i. of the Regulations for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science, Honours candidates must obtain a grade of "B" or better, OR an average of 75% or higher in all the required courses listed in Clauses (b), (c) and (d) above, except those at the 1000 level.

PHYSICS/BIOCHEMISTRY JOINT HONOURS

The following courses are prescribed:

a) English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalent), Chemistry 1000 and 1001, Mathematics 1000 and 1001 (or 1080, 1081 and 1001), Physics 1050 and 1054 (or 1020, 1021 and 1054).

b) Chemistry 2300, 2400, 2401.

c) Mathematics 2000, 2001, Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3260, either Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3202 or Physics 3810.

d) Biochemistry 2100, 2101, 3105, 3106, 3107, 311A/B; plus 12 credit hours in courses to be selected from Biochemistry 4002, 4101, 4102, 4103, 4104, 4200 and 4201; plus a three-credit hour course to be selected from Biochemistry 4210 or 4211.

e) Physics 2054, 2055, 2056, 3220, 3400, 3500, 3750, 3820, 3821, 3900, plus one 4000-level Physics course.

f) One course to be selected from Physics 3150, 3300, 3410, 3751. Physics 3751 is recommended.

g) Either Physics 490A/B or Biochemistry 499A/B.

h) Other courses to complete the prescribed minimum of 135 credit hours in courses for the Joint Honours degree.

CHEMISTRY/BIOCHEMISTRY JOINT HONOURS DEGREE

The following courses (or their equivalents) are required:

a) Chemistry 1000 and 1001, Mathematics 1000 and 1001, Physics 1050 and 1054, six credit hours in first year English courses. Biology 1001 and 1002 are highly recommended.

b) Mathematics 2000, Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3260, Physics 2054 and 2056.

c) Chemistry 2210, 2300, 2400, 2401, 3100, 3211, 3300, 3301, 3400, 3401, 3500; 4100 or 4101; and six further credit hours in Chemistry courses at the 4000-level.

d) Biochemistry 2100, 2101, 311A/B, 3105, 3106, 3107; either 4210 or 4211; and twelve credit hours in Biochemistry courses chosen from 4002, 4101, 4102, 4103, 4104, 4200, 4201, 4220.

e) Either Chemistry 490A/B or Biochemistry 499A/B.

f) Other courses to complete the prescribed minimum of 135 credit hours in courses for the Joint Honours Degree.

JOINT HONOURS IN CELL BIOLOGY/MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY

Students must have at least an overall average of 65% in English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalents), Mathematics 1000 and 1001 (or Mathematics 1080, 1081 and 1001), Biology 1001 and 1002, Chemistry 1000 and 1001, Physics 1050 and 1054 (or 1020, 1021 and 1054).

The following courses, including prerequisites where applicable, will be required:

a) Biochemistry 2100, 2101, 3105, 3106, 3107, one of 4210, 4211, four of 4002, 4101, 4102, 4103, 4104, 4200, 4201.

b) Biology 2010, 2122, 2210, 2600, 3050, 3060, 3250, 3900, one of 3402 or 4404, and nine credit hours chosen from 3202, 3500, 3530, 3620, 4000, 4200, 4241.

c) Either Biochemistry 311A/311B or Biology 3401 plus an approved three-credit hour elective course.

d) Chemistry 2400, 2401, 2300, 3100, 3400.

e) Statistics 2510 and 2511 or Statistics 2550.

f) An Honours Dissertation (Biology 499A/499B or Biochemistry 499A/499B).

The topic of the Honours dissertation must be chosen with the approval of both Departments. A faculty member of either Department may act as supervisor.

Seventy-eight (78) credit hours in Biology, Biochemistry and Chemistry courses beyond the first-year level from those listed in the programme shall contribute to those in which a grade of "B" or an average of 75 or higher is required.

BIOLOGY AND EARTH SCIENCES JOINT HONOURS

The following courses, including prerequisites where applicable, will be required:

a) English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalents), Mathematics 1000 (or 1080 and 1081) and 1001, Biology 1001 and 1002, Earth Sciences 1000 and 1001, Chemistry 1000 and 1001, Physics 1020 and 1021 (or 1050 and 1054).

b) Chemistry 2440, Biochemistry 2101, Biochemistry 3106, Statistics 2550 or 2510.

c) Biology 2010, 2122, 2210, 2600, 3050, 3060, 3250, 3900; one of 3401, 3402 or 4404; plus Biology 3710, 3711, and one of 4210 or 4505.

d) Earth Sciences 2030, 2031, 2310, 2502; plus a minimum of 24 credit hours in other Earth Science courses from 2000- to 4000-level, at least three credit hours of which must be at 4000-level. Earth Sciences 2150, 2914, 2915 and 4310 cannot be used to fulfill this requirement. Career-related streams outlined in the departmental Student Handbook should be used as a guide to course selection so as to achieve a concentration in one facet of Earth Sciences.

e) An Honours dissertation (Biology 499A/B or Earth Sciences 499A and B). The topic of the Honours dissertation must be chosen with the approval of both Department Heads. A faculty member of either Department may act as supervisor.

f) Other courses to complete the prescribed minimum of 135 credit hours in courses for the Honours degree, with at least 84 credit hours in courses in Biology and Earth Sciences combined.

Any change in the programme of study must have the prior approval of the Heads of the two Departments concerned.

JOINT HONOURS IN BIOLOGY/PSYCHOLOGY (B.Sc. only)

The following courses, including prerequisites where applicable, will be required:

a) English 1100 and 1110 (or equivalents), Mathematics 1000 (or 1080 and 1081), Biology 1001 and 1002, Chemistry 1000 and 1001, Physics 1020 (or 1050) and 1021 (or 1054), or their equivalents.

b) Chemistry 2400, 2401; Biochemistry 3100.

c) Biology 2010, 2122, 2210, 2600, 3050, 3060, 3250, 3401, 3900; plus one of Biology 3295, 3610, 3500, 3530, 4150, 4600, 4605, 4620, or 4630. A minimum of thirty-six credit hours in Biology courses must be completed.

d) Psychology 2900, 2901, 3750, 2250 and either 2850 or 3800 plus six other credit hours in laboratory courses. One selected topics course at the 4000 level and six other credit hours chosen from 2850, 3800, 4701, 4810 and the selected topics courses. A minimum of 36 credit hours in Psychology must be completed.

e) Six credit hours in elective courses. The following are suggested: Computer Science 2602; Medicine 4300, 310A and 310B.

f) An Honours Dissertation (Biology 499A/B) or Psychology 499A/B).

g) Six other credit hours in either Biology or Psychology courses so that the student has completed a minimum of 84 credit hours in the two Departments. Courses must be chosen in consultation with the student's advisor. If any of the additional six credit hours are taken in Psychology, they must be chosen from the courses listed in (b) and (c) of the Requirements for a Major in Psychology.

h) A minimum of twelve other credit hours to complete the prescribed minimum of 135 credit hours for the honours degree.

i) The topic of the Honours dissertation must be chosen with the approval of both Departments. A faculty member of either Department may act as supervisor.

j) Any change in the programme of study must have the prior approval of the Heads of the two Departments.

STATISTICS/BIOLOGY JOINT HONOURS (B.Sc. only)

See General Regulations for Honours Degree. Students shall complete the following requirements:

a) Mathematics 1001, Biology 1001 and 1002, English 1080 and 1110, Chemistry 1000 and 1001, Physics 1020 and 1021, or equivalents;

b) M 2000, M 2050, M 2051, ST 2500 or ST 2510, ST 2501 or ST 2560 or ST 2511, ST 3520, ST 3521, ST 3530, and ST 4581;

c) nine further credit hours in Statistics courses (excluding those with second digit 0) including at least six credit hours in courses at the 4000 level or higher but not including ST 4599;

d) Chemistry 2440 (or 2400 and 2401). Biochemistry 2101 and 3106. Computer Science 2602;

e) Biology 2010, 2122, 2210, 2600, 3050, 3060, 3250, 3295; one of Biology 3401, 3402, 4404; and eighteen other credit hours in Biology courses chosen in consultation with the Faculty Advisor.

f) Either Biology 499A/B or ST 4599.

JOINT HONOURS DEGREE IN COMPUTER SCIENCE AND GEOGRAPHY

1) Computer Science Requirements

See General Regulations for the Honours Degree.

Forty-eight credit hours in Computer Science courses are required for the Joint Honours:

a) 1700, 2710, 2711, 2740, 2741, 3711, 3714, 3724, 3725, 3740, 4718, 4721, and 4751.

b) Six additional credit hours in courses at the 4000 level not including 4780.

c) Three additional credit hours in courses at the 3000 level or beyond.

2) Geography Requirements

See General Regulations for the Honours Degree.

A total of at least forty-five credit hours in Geography courses is required for the Joint Honours: 1010, 1011, 2001, 2102, 2195, 2302, 3200, 3250, 3260, and eighteen credit hours chosen from 4200, 4220, 4250, 4261, 4262, 4290, 4291, 4292.

3) Additional Requirements

a) Mathematics 2000, 2050, Pure Mathematics 2320, and Statistics 2510 or Geography 2220.

b) Biology 4210.

c) An Honours Dissertation (either Computer Science 4780 or Geography 4999). The topic for dissertation must be chosen with the prior approval of the Heads of both Departments.

JOINT HONOURS IN COMPUTER SCIENCE AND PHYSICS

The following courses are prescribed:

1) Chemistry 1000 and 1001 or equivalents.

2)a) Computer Science 1700, 2710, 2711, 2740, 2741, 3711, 3714, 3724, 3725, 3731, 3740, 4718 and 4721.

b) Nine additional credit hours in Computer Science courses numbered 3000 or higher, including at least six credit hours in courses numbered 4000 or higher.

3)a) Physics 1050 and 1054, or Physics 1020, 1021 and 1054.

b) Physics 2053, 2054, 2055, 2056, 3220, 3400, 3500, 3750, 3820, 3821, 4500, and 3230 or 3900.

4) Physics 490A/B or Computer Science 4780.

5) Physics 3810 or AM/PM 3202.

6)a) Mathematics 1000 and 1001, or Mathematics 1080, 1081 and 1001.

b) Mathematics 2000, 2001, and AM/PM 3260

Statistics 2510 is recommended.

The topic for the Honours project or thesis, Computer Science 4780 or Physics 490A/B, must be chosen with the prior approval of both Departments.

JOINT HONOURS IN GEOGRAPHY/EARTH SCIENCES (B.Sc. ONLY)

The following courses will be required. A few prerequisites are not met by this list of courses, and students are advised to obtain advice from instructors in such cases to be sure that they are prepared for course material. Both departmental Heads can advise students on a workable sequencing of courses to complete the degree in a timely manner.

a) Six credit hours in first-year English courses; Geography 1011; Earth Sciences 1000 and 1001; Mathematics 1000 and 1001 OR Mathematics 1080, 1081 and 1001; Chemistry 1000 and 1001; Physics 1050 and 1054 OR Physics 1020 and 1021.

b) One of Geography 2220, Statistics 2500, 2510.

c) Biology 2120 or Biology 1001 and 1002.

d) Geography 2102, 2195, 2302, 3230.

e) Earth Sciences 2030, 2031, 2310 and 2502.

f) Either Earth Sciences 499A and 499B, or Geography 4990 and 4999.

g) Twenty-one additional credit hours in Geography courses, of which at least twelve credit hours must be selected from the group Geography 2200, 3110, 3120, 3140, 3150, 3250, 3260, 3325, and of which at least six credit hours must be in courses at the 4000-level.

h) Twenty-one additional credit hours in Earth Sciences courses, of which at least nine credit hours must be in courses at 3000-level and at least six credit hours must be in courses at 4000-level. Earth Sciences 2150, 2914, 2915 and 4310 cannot be used to fulfill this requirement.

i) Other courses to complete the prescribed minimum of 135 credit hours in courses for the Honours degree, with at least 84 credit hours in courses in Geography and Earth Sciences combined.

The topic of the Honours dissertation must be chosen with the approval of both Departments. A faculty member of either Department may act as supervisor.

Any change in the programme of study must have the prior approval of the Heads of the two Departments concerned.

EARTH SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY JOINT HONOURS

The following courses, including prerequisites, where applicable, will be required:

a) English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalents), Mathematics 1000 (or 1080 and 1081) and 1001, Earth Sciences 1000 and 1001, Chemistry 1000 and 1001, Physics 1050 (or 1020 and 1021) and 1054.

b) Earth Sciences 2030, 2031, 2310, 2400, 2502, 3053, 3400, 3600, 3701, 4901; at least one of Earth Sciences 3210 or 3811; plus six additional credit hours in Earth Sciences courses.

c) Chemistry 2210, 2300, 240A/B, 3100, 3211, 3300, 3301, 3400, 3401, 3500, and at least three credit hours in Chemistry courses at the 4000 level.

d) Mathematics 2000 and Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3260.

e) Physics 2054 and 2056.

f) Biology 2120 (or Biology 1001 and 1002).

g) An Honours Dissertation (Earth Sciences 499A/B or Chemistry 490A/B). The topic of the Honours Dissertation must have the prior approval of the Heads of the two Departments. A faculty member of either Department may act as supervisor.

Any change in the programme of study must have the prior approval of the Heads of the two Departments concerned.

JOINT HONOURS IN EARTH SCIENCES/PHYSICS

This programme was formerly in the Earth Sciences section of the calendar as an Honours B.Sc. Degree in Geophysics. The following courses will be required:

a) English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalents), Mathematics 1000 (or 1080 and 1081) and 1001, Earth Sciences 1000 and 1001, Chemistry 1000 and 1001, Physics 1050 and 1054 (or Physics 1020, 1021 and 1054).

b) Earth Sciences 2030, 2031, 2310, 2400, 2502, 3170, 3172, 3400, 4160, 4171, 4173, 4179, 499A/B.

c) Physics 2054, 2055, 2056, 3220, 3230, 3500, 3820, 3821; plus nine other credit hours in Physics courses at 3000 level or higher.

d) One of Physics 3810 or Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3202.

e) Mathematics 2000, 2001, 2050, and 3260.

f) Other courses to complete at least a minimum requirement of one hundred thirty-five credit hours for the Honours Degree.

Any change in the programme of study must have the prior approval of the Heads of the two Departments concerned.

APPLIED MATHEMATICS/CHEMISTRY JOINT HONOURS (B.Sc. only)

See General Regulations for Honours Degree. In addition to Chemistry 1000 and 1001 or their equivalents, M 1000, and M 1001, Physics 1050 (or 1020 and 1021) and 1054, the following courses numbered 2000 or higher are required:

a) Chemistry 2210, 2300, 2400, 2401, 3100, 3211, 3300, 3301, 3500, 4300, 4301, and a three-credit hour Chemistry elective.

b) M 2000, M 2001, M 2050, M 2051, AM 2130, AM 3101, AM 3132, AM 3161, AM/PM 3201, AM/PM 3202, AM/PM 3210, AM/PM 3260, and AM 4160;

c) Physics 2054, 2055, 2056, 3220 and 3230.

d) either AM 4199 or Chemistry 490A/B.

The following courses are recommended:

Chemistry 3400, 3401, 4100, AM 3190, AM/PM 3240, AM 4131, AM 4132, AM 4133, PM 3320, ST 2510, Physics 3500 and 4500.

PURE MATHEMATICS/COMPUTER SCIENCE JOINT HONOURS (B.Sc. only)

See General Regulations for Honours Degree. Students shall complete the following:

At least fifty-one credit hours in Computer Science courses are required including the following:

a) 1700, 2710, 2711, 2740, 2741, 3711, 3714, 3724, 3725, 3740, 4718, and 4721.

b) Excluding 4780, fifteen additional credit hours from courses numbered 3000 or higher, at least nine credit hours of which must be in courses at the 4000 level.

The following courses in Mathematics and Statistics are required:

a) M 1000, M 1001, M 2000, M 2001, M 2050, M 2051, AM 2130, PM 2320, AM/PM 3201, AM/PM 3202, AM/PM 3210, AM/PM 3260, PM 3301, PM 3320, PM 3340, ST 2510;

b) Excluding PM 4399, twelve additional credit hours in courses offered by the Department of Mathematics and Statistics numbered 3000 or higher including at least nine credit hours from courses numbered 4000 or higher and at least nine credit hours in Pure Mathematics courses;

c) An Honours Dissertation in one of the departments, with the topic chosen in consultation with both departments.

NOTES: 1) With the exception of Computer Science 2602 -Basic and Fortran, students in this programme shall not receive credit for Computer Science service courses.

2) Each student will be assigned a Faculty Advisor in each Department. These advisors must be consulted on all academic matters and must approve the selection of courses before registration each semester.

PURE MATHEMATICS/STATISTICS JOINT HONOURS

See General Regulations for Honours Degree. In addition to M 1000 and M 1001 the following courses numbered 2000 or higher are required:

a) M 2000, M 2001, M 2050, M 2051, AM 2130, PM 2320, AM/PM 3201, AM/PM 3202, AM/PM 3210, AM/PM 3260, PM/ST 3410, PM/ST 3411, ST 3520, ST 3521, ST 3530, PM/ST 4400, PM/ST 4401, PM/ST 4410;

b) Computer Science 2602;

c) either PM 4399 or ST 4599;

d) one of: PM 3301, PM 3330, or PM 3340;

e) Twenty-one further credit hours in Pure Mathematics and/ or Statistics courses numbered 3000 or higher of which at least twelve credit hours must be from courses numbered 4000 or higher.

APPLIED MATHEMATICS/PHYSICS JOINT HONOURS

The following courses are prescribed:

a) Chemistry 1000 and 1001 or equivalents

b) Physics 1050 and 1054, or Physics 1020, 1021 and 1054.

c) Physics 2053, 2054, 2055, 2056, 3220, 3230, 3400, 3410, 3500, 3750, 3751, 3900, 4500, 4850

d) Mathematics 1000 and 1001, or Mathematics 1080, 1081 and 1001

e) Mathematics 2000, 2001, 2050, 2051, PM 2320, AM/PM 3201, AM/PM 3210, AM 3111, AM/PM 3260

f) Applied Mathematics 3132 or Computer Science 3731

g) AM/PM 3202 or Physics 3810

h) Applied Mathematics 3161 and 4160, or Physics 3820 and 3821

i) Physics 490A/B, or Applied Mathematics 4199 plus another three-credit hour course in Mathematics numbered 4000 or higher.

j) at least three additional credit hours in Physics courses numbered 4000 or higher.

k) at least nine additional credit hours in courses numbered 4000 or higher offered by the Department of Mathematics and Statistics.

The topic for the Honours project or thesis, Mathematics 4199 or Physics 490A/B, must be chosen with the prior approval of both Departments.

PHYSICS/CHEMISTRY JOINT HONOURS

The following courses are prescribed:

a) Mathematics 2000, 2001, and Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3260. Mathematics 2050 is recommended.

b) Physics 1050 (or 1020 and 1021) and 1054.

c) A minimum of forty-five additional credit hours in Physics courses, which shall include 2054, 2055, 2056, 3220, 3230, 3500, 3750, 3751, 3820, 3821, 3900, and at least twelve credit hours in Physics courses numbered 4000 or higher.

d) Physics 3810 or AM/PM 3202.

e) Chemistry 1000 and 1001 or equivalents, 2210, 2300, 240A/B and thirty credit hours in Chemistry courses numbered 3000 or higher including 3100, 3211, 3300, 3301, 3500, 4300 and 4301.

f) The courses selected in accordance with parts c) and e) shall include Chemistry 490A/B or Physics 490A/B.

The topic for the Honours thesis, Chemistry 490A/B or Physics 490A/B, must be chosen with the prior approval of both Departments.

JOINT MAJOR IN COMPUTER SCIENCE AND GEOGRAPHY

1) Computer Science Requirements

Thirty-nine credit hours in Computer Science courses are required: 1700, 2710, 2711, 2740, 2741, 3711, 3714, 3724, 3725, 3740, 4718, 4721, and 4751.

2) Geography Requirements

A total of at least thirty-six credit hours in Geography courses is required for the joint major: 1010 or 1000, 1011 or 1001, 2001, 2102, 2195, 2302, 3200, 3250, 3260, and nine credit hours chosen from: 4200, 4250, 4261, 4262, 4290.

3) Additional Requirements: Mathematics 2000, 2050, Pure Mathematics 2320 and Statistics 2510 or Geography 2220.

STATISTICS/COMPUTER SCIENCE JOINT MAJOR (B.Sc. only)

In addition to M 1000, M 1001, and Computer Science 1700, the following courses numbered 2000 or higher are required:

a) 2710, 2711, 2740, 2741, 3711, 3714, 3724, 3725, 3740, 4718, 4721, and 4734.

b) one of ST 2500 or ST 2510 and one of ST 2501 or ST 2511;

c) M 2000, M 2050, M 2051, PM 2320, PM 3340, PM/ST 3410, PM/ST 3411, ST 3520, ST 3521, ST 3540, and ST 4590;

d) six further credit hours in Statistics courses numbered 3000 or higher including at least a three-credit hour course numbered 4000 or higher.

JOINT MAJOR IN COMPUTER SCIENCE AND PHYSICS

The following courses are prescribed:

1) Chemistry 1000 and 1001 or equivalent.

2) Thirty-nine credit hours in Computer Science are required for the Joint Major: 1700, 2710, 2711, 2740, 2741, 3711, 3714, 3724, 3725, 3731, 3740, 4718, and 4721.

3)a) Physics 1050 and 1054, or Physics 1020, 1021 and 1054.

b) Mathematics 2000, Statistics 2510 and AM/PM 3260.

4) Physics 3810 or AM/PM 3202.

5)a) Mathematics 1000 and 1001, or Mathematics 1080, 1081 and 1001.

b) Mathematics 2000, 2050, Statistics 2510 and AM/PM 3260.

JOINT MAJOR IN EARTH SCIENCES/PHYSICS

This programme was formerly in the Earth Sciences section of the calendar as a General B.Sc. Degree in Geophysics. The following courses will be required:

a) English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalents), Mathematics 1000 (or 1080 and 1081) and 1001, Earth Sciences 1000 and 1001, Chemistry 1000 and 1001, Physics 1050 and 1054 (or Physics 1020, 1021 and 1054).

b) Earth Sciences 2030, 2031, 2310, 2400, 2502, 3170, 3172, 3400; plus a three-credit hour course in Earth Sciences 4100 series.

c) at least 30 credit hours in Physics courses at the 2000 level or higher, including Physics 2054, 2055, 2056, 3220, 3500.

d) One of Physics 3810 or Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3202.

e) Mathematics 2000 and 2050.

f) Other courses to complete at least a minimum requirement of 120 credit hours in courses for the General Degree.

Any change in the programme of study must have the prior approval of the Heads of the two Departments concerned.

PURE MATHEMATICS/COMPUTER SCIENCE JOINT MAJOR (B.Sc. only)

In addition to M 1000, M 1001, and Computer Science 1700, the following courses numbered 2000 or higher are required:

a) 2710, 2711, 2740, 2741, 3711, 3714, 3724, 3725, 3740, 4718, and 4721.

b) Six additional credit hours in Computer Science courses numbered 3000 or higher.

c) M 2000, M 2001, M 2050, M 2051, AM 2130, PM 2320, AM/PM3202, AM/PM 3260, PM 3320, PM 3340, and ST 2510.

d) Six additional credit hours in courses numbered 3000 or higher offered by the Department of Mathematics and Statistics.

NOTE: With the exception of Computer Science 2602-Basic and Fortran, students in this programme shall not receive credit for Computer Science service courses.

PHYSICS/APPLIED MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICS/CHEMISTRY OPTION PROGRAMMES

Students who follow the five-year Physics/Applied Mathematics Joint Honours or Physics/Chemistry Joint Honours Programmes of courses outlined above either as Honours students or otherwise and who satisfy all relevant course regulations except those on Academic Standing for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science shall receive on their University records a notation that they followed the "Physics/Applied Mathematics'' or "Physics/Chemistry'' Option Programmes.

Students who intend to follow a joint degree programme are strongly recommended to consult the Head of the Department or delegate at their earliest opportunity to ensure proper planning of their course sequence.

WAIVER OF REGULATIONS FOR UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS

Where circumstances warrant, any prerequisite or prerequisites listed in Departmental Regulations may be waived by the Head of the Department. Any Department Regulations may be waived by the appropriate Committee on Undergraduate Studies upon request of the Head of the Department concerned.


PROGRAMME REGULATIONS AND COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

BIOCHEMISTRY

PROGRAMMES

The following undergraduate programmes are available in the Department:

- Major or Honours in Biochemistry
- Major or Honours in Nutrition
- Major or Honours in Dietetics
- Joint Honours in Biochemistry and Cell Biology/Microbiology
- Joint Honours in Biochemistry and Chemistry
- Minor in Biochemistry
- Minor in Nutrition

Students who wish to enrol in any of these programmes should plan their programme well in advance so that they will have taken the appropriate prerequisites. Entry to a number of required courses is limited and will be determined by academic performance. Required courses should be taken in the year indicated by the course numbers so as to avoid timetable clashes and missing prerequisites which could prolong the time necessary to complete the programme. Students are advised to consult with the Department at the earliest opportunity.

Candidates for the general and honours degrees in the programmes above should refer to the University Regulations for the General degree of Bachelor of Science and Honours degree of Bachelor of Science.

Students who intend to pursue graduate studies should take the courses leading to the honours degree.

NOTE: Supplementary examinations will be allowed in certain Biochemistry courses which have written final examinations. Students should refer to the Faculty of Science Degree Regulations for details.

BIOCHEMISTRY PROGRAMME

General Degree in Biochemistry

Entry to the Biochemistry Majors programme is based on academic standing. To be considered for admission to the programme students must have at least thirty credit hours in courses and have successfully completed the following courses (or their equivalents) with a minimum overall average of 60%. In addition, students must have completed Chemistry 1000/ 1001 with an average of at least 65%.

a) English 1080, 1110 (or equivalent)
b) Chemistry 1000, 1001
c) Mathematics 1000, 1001 (or Math 1080, 1081)
d) Physics 1050, 1054 (or Physics 1020, 1021)

Required courses to complete the major:

a) Biochemistry 2100, 2101, 3105, 3106, 3107.
b) At least FIFTEEN credit hours in courses from Biochemistry 3200, 3201, 4002, 4101, 4103, 4104, 4200, 4201, 4210, 4211. A student may not take both 4210 and 4211.
c) Biochemistry 311A, 311B or 6 credit hours from Biology 3050, 3060, 3250, 3401, 3402, 3530, 4200, 4245, 4404.
d) Biology 1001, 1002.
e) Chemistry 2300, 2400, 2401, 3100.
f) Mathematics 1001 for those students who did not complete it in the first year
g) Physics 1054 for those students who have completed Physics 1020 and 1021.

NOTE: Students are required to complete at least 78 credit hours in Science courses for the General Degree.

Students are encouraged to choose a minor.

Honours Degree in Biochemistry

Students normally should apply for an Honours programme at the completion of their second year of studies. To be considered for admission to an Honours programme in Biochemistry, students must have achieved at least 70% in each of Biochemistry 2100 and 2101 and Chemistry 2400, 2401.

Required courses in addition to those required for admission to honours:

a) Biochemistry 3105, 3106, 3107, 311A, 311B, 4102, 499A, 499B.
b) Biochemistry 4210 or 4211.
c) Twelve credit hours in courses from Biochemistry 4002, 4101, 4103, 4104, 4200, 4201.
d) At least six credit hours in courses from Biochemistry 3200, 3201, Biology 3050, 3060, 3250, 3530, 4200, 4245, 4404.
e) Biology 1001, 1002.
f) Chemistry 2300, 3400.
g) One of Chemistry 3100 or 3500.
h) Statistics 2550 or equivalent.

Students are encouraged to choose a minor.

Those courses in which a grade "B" or an average of 75% or higher are required, as specified in paragraph 6(i) of the Regulations for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science, are forty-five credit hours in Biochemistry courses and fifteen credit hours in other courses (beyond the 1000-level) chosen from Biochemistry, Biology, or Chemistry.

Minor in Biochemistry

Students who take a minor in Biochemistry will complete:

a) Biochemistry 2100, 2101, 3106.
b) Chemistry 2400, 2401.
c) nine credit hours from Biochemistry 3105, 3107, 4002, 4101, 4103, 4104, 4200, 4201; OR six credit hours from the above courses and three credit hours from Chemistry 4201, 4411, Biology 3050, 3060, 3250.

Course prerequisites stipulated in the course descriptions shall apply to a minor in Biochemistry.

NUTRITION PROGRAMME

General Degree in Nutrition

Entry to the Nutrition majors programme is based on academic standing. To be considered for admission to the programme students must have at least 30 credit hours in courses and have successfully completed the following courses (or their equivalents) with a minimum overall average of 60% and an average of at least 65% in Chemistry 1000/1001.

a) English 1080, 1110 (or equivalent)
b) Chemistry 1000, 1001
c) Mathematics 1080, 1081 (or Mathematics 1000 and one elective)
d) Physics 1020, 1021 (or Physics 1050, 1054).

Required courses to complete the major:

a) Biochemistry 2000, 2100, 2101, 3106, 311A, 311B, 3200, 3201, 3401, 3402, 4300, 4301, 4302, 4502.
b) Biology 1001, 1002, 3050.
c) Chemistry 2400, 2401.
d) Computer Science 1700 or 2602.
e) Statistics 2550 or equivalent.

Students are encouraged to choose a minor.

Honours Degree in Nutrition

Students normally should apply for an Honours programme at the completion of their second year of studies. To be considered for admission to an Honours programme in Nutrition, students must have achieved at least a B grade in Biochemistry 2000, 2100 and 2101, Chemistry 2400, 2401.

In addition to the courses required for the general degree, the programme shall include:

a) Biochemistry 3107, 4002
b) Six additional credit hours from 4000-level Biochemistry courses
c) Either Biochemistry 499A/B, or 4999 plus an additional three credit hours 4000-level Biochemistry course.

Those courses in which the grades specified in clause 6(i) of the Regulations for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science are 60 credit hours in Biochemistry courses.

Minor in Nutrition

Students who take a minor in Nutrition will complete:

a) Biochemistry 2101, 3106, 311A, 311B, 3200, 3201
b) Six credit hours chosen from Biochemistry 4300, 4301, 4302.

Course prerequisites stipulated in the course descriptions shall apply to a minor in Nutrition.

PROFESSIONAL PROGRAMME IN DIETETICS

For professional qualification as a dietitian, students are required to complete the degree in Dietetics, followed by an approved Dietetic Internship.

Admission to Dietetics

All applications for entry to the programme for the Bachelor of Science in Dietetics must be submitted to the Head of the Department of Biochemistry by April 30 in any year.

Entrance to the programme in Dietetics is on the basis of competition for a fixed number of places. The Admission Committee takes into account the applicant's academic background and information on an applicant's personal qualities and achievements as given by the applicant and by referees' reports.

To be eligible for consideration, an applicant must have completed a minimum of 30 credit hours in courses which have been taken or accepted for credit at a recognized University or University College before entry to the Dietetics programme.

Students applying to enter are required to have successfully completed the following courses or their equivalents:

- Chemistry 1000, 1001
- English, six credit hours in first year courses
- Mathematics 1080, 1081
- Physics 1020 and 1021 (or Physics 1050 and 1054).
- either Biology 1001 and 1002 or Psychology 1000 and 1001

No application will be considered from an applicant who cannot produce evidence that the above requirements have been met or will have been met by the time of entry into the Dietetics programme.

After admission, the programme will consist of two years of study at this University and a final year at Acadia University. The number of seats available at Acadia University is limited. When a student is accepted into the Dietetics programme at Memorial University, the year that student is expected to attend Acadia University will be set. No guarantee of space will be available in other years.

Registration and Promotion

The following regulations apply to the programme courses taken at Memorial University.

Biochemistry and Chemistry courses shall be taken in the programme year indicated by the course number. Biology 1001 and 1002 must be completed by the end of the second year of the programme. The remaining courses are to be scheduled so that the course load is five in each semester. Exceptions to this prescribed programme, including specified course load, must have the approval of the Committee on Undergraduate Studies of the department. Students who have completed programme courses in advance of admission to the programme may arrange with the Committee a reduction in the required course load.

For promotion from each term the requirements are: the achievement of a passing grade in all courses; an overall average of at least 60% in those courses required in each academic term; and completion of the appropriate course load as outlined above.

Students who fail to achieve the standards outlined in the paragraph above will be required to withdraw from the programme. They may be considered for re-admission at which time they will normally be required to repeat the courses in which they failed, and/or to repeat courses which will raise the average to 60%, unless, in the opinion of the Head, a more meaningful course of study would be appropriate.

In order to be considered for re-admission, students must formally apply for re-admission to the programme not later than the deadline date specified in the first paragraph of the Admission section of this programme.

General Degree in Dietetics

Required courses at Memorial:

a) Biochemistry 2000, 2010, 2011, 2100, 2101, 3106, 311A, 311B, 3200, 3201, 3401.
b) Biology 1001, 1002 (if not taken in first year), 3050.
c) Business 2000 and 2001.
d) Chemistry 2400, 2401.
e) Statistics 2550 or equivalent.
f) Six credit hours in social science courses if Psychology 1000 and 1001 were not taken in first year.

The above courses must be completed before the year at Acadia for both the General and the Honours Programmes.

Required courses at Acadia:

The equivalent of at least twenty-one senior level credit hours in nutrition and/or foods must be successfully completed at Acadia University. Courses to make up these credit hours are to be selected in consultation with faculty advisors at Memorial and Acadia Universities.

NOTE: 120 credit hours in courses must be obtained for the General Degree of Bachelor of Science (refer to Regulations for the General Degree of Bachelor of Science, paragraph 1).

Honours Degree in Dietetics

In addition to the courses required for the general degree, the programme shall include:

a) Biochemistry 4999.
b) Three additional credit hours in Nutrition at Memorial or Acadia at the 4000 level.
c) Computer Science 1700 or 2602.

The sixty credit hours in courses from clause 6(i) of the Regulations for the Honours degree of Bachelor of Science are the required Biochemistry in the programme outlined above and the Nutrition and Foods courses at Acadia.

COURSE LIST

1430. Biochemistry for Nurses. An introduction to the chemistry and structure-function relationships of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. Basic metabolism of carbohydrates and fats, with emphasis on the biochemical fluctuations that occur in human health and disease. A brief introduction to molecular genetics. This course may not be used for credit to fulfil the requirements for a major in the Department of Biochemistry. Entry into this course is restricted to students in the School of Nursing.

Prerequisite: Level 3 Chemistry or Chemistry 1800
Lectures: Three hours per week
Tutorial: One two-hour case study on alternate weeks

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Biochemistry 1430 and the former 2430.

2000. Principles of Food Science. This course enables one to gain an understanding of the scope of Food Science as a discipline. Topics include introductions to chemistry, processing, analysis, microbiology, packaging, product development, sensory evaluation and quality control as they are related to Food Science.

Corequisite: Chemistry 2400.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 1001.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: One period per week.

2010. Introductory Foods I. An introduction to the science of food and food preparation. Topics covered include fats and oils, simple and complex carbohydrates, fruits and vegetables, cereals and starches. Laboratory work applies scientific principles and theories to practical problems in food preparation.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 1001.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

2011. Introductory Foods II. An introduction to the science of food and food preparation. Topics covered include proteins - dairy products, eggs, meats and fish, legumes, gelatin and flour proteins, batters and doughs, meal management and menu planning. Laboratory work applies scientific principles and theories to practical problems of food preparation.

Prerequisites: Chemistry 1001, Biochemistry 2010.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

2100. Introduction to Molecular Biology and Genetics. From phenotype to genotype: this course will cover the heritability of simple traits; the discovery of DNA as the molecule of heredity; the structure and function of DNA; the elucidation of the genetic code; and the manipulation of DNA for recombinant DNA technology and biotechnology.

Prerequisites or Corequisites: Biochemistry 2101, Chemistry 2401 and Physics 1201 (or 1052).
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours on alternate weeks.

2101. Introduction to Biochemistry. An introduction to the major organic substances of living organisms, proteins, carbohydrates and lipids: their structure, analysis and biochemical function. Enzymes. Biochemistry of membranes: plasma membrane and specialized intracellular membranes. Biochemistry of selected differentiated cells.

Prerequisites: Chemistry 2400, 2401 or Chemistry 2440; and Physics 1200, 1201 or 1050, 1052. Chemistry 2401 and Physics 1201 or 1052 can be done concurrently.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: One three-hour laboratory period on alternate weeks to illustrate concepts covered in the lectures.

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of 2101, 3100, or Pharmacy 3110.

3052. Food Microbiology. Study of the microbiology of water and food with regard to the beneficial and detrimental roles of microorganisms on interaction with these systems. Emphasis will be on the microbiology of food, fermentations, food spoilage and food borne vectors of human disease. Enrollment priority will be given to students in the Nutrition and Dietetics programmes where this is a required course.

Prerequisite: Biology 3050
Lectures: Two hours per week
Laboratory: Four hours per week

NOTE: Credit can be received for only one of Biochemistry 3052, the former Biochemistry 3401 and Biology 3052.

3105. Physical Biochemistry. Introduction to intramolecular forces. Methods to assess the size and shape of macromolecules. Radioisotopes. Ligand binding. Thermodynamics. Redox reactions. Transport across membranes.

Prerequisites: Biochemistry 2101, Chemistry 2300, Physics 1052 or 2050.
Lectures: Three hours per week and a two hour problem-solving class.

3106. Metabolism. The catabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and amino acids. Mitochondria, chloroplasts and ATP synthesis. Biosynthesis of carbohydrates and lipids. Metabolic specialization of differentiated cells and tissues. Integration of metabolism.

Prerequisite: Biochemistry 2101.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Practical classes: One three-hour laboratory or one-hour tutorial per week.

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Biochemistry 3106, the former Biochemistry 3102 or Pharmacy 3111.

3107. Nucleic Acid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. The structure, function and biochemistry of DNA and RNA and the biochemical processes in the flow of information from the gene to protein. These will include: DNA replication, recombination and repair processes; transcription of RNA and RNA splicing; and protein synthesis. The regulation of gene expression will also be covered at an introductory level. The course will also include an introduction to cloning methodology.

Prerequisite: Biochemistry 2100.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: One three-hour laboratory or one-hour tutorial per week.

311A and 311B. Human Physiology. (Same lectures as Medicine 310A and 310B. This course is taught and administered by the Faculty of Medicine.) Topics covered include the properties of nerves and muscle cells, the nervous system, the special senses, blood and body fluids, the cardiovascular system, the gastrointestinal tract, respiration, renal function, endocrinology and reproduction. Integration of the body's systems in maintaining homeostasis will be emphasized.

Prerequisite or corequisite: Biochemistry 3106.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: To be specified.

Priority for entry into this course will be given to Biochemistry, Nutrition, Dietetics, and other students who are interested in experimental science.

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Biochemistry 311A/B or Medicine 310A/B.

3200. Basic Human Nutrition I. A study of the nutrients essential to human health and well-being with emphasis on carbohydrates, proteins and lipids-chemistry, dietary source, dietary requirements, metabolism, physiological importance.

Prerequisite: Biochemistry 2101
Corequisite: Biochemistry 3106; or Pharmacy 3110.
Lectures: Three hours per week

3201. Basic Human Nutrition II. A study of the vitamins, minerals and trace elements essential to human health and well-being - chemistry, dietary source, dietary requirements, physiological role, deficiency syndromes.

Prerequisite: Biochemistry 3200.
Lectures: Three hours per week

3402. Food Chemistry. Water structure and the role of water in chemical reactions and mechanical properties of foods. Chemistry and physical properties of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids. Food dispersions. Pigments and natural colorants. Food flavour. Enzyme properties and applications. Vitamins and minerals. Chemistry of enzymic and non-enzymic browning. Characteristics of: muscle tissue, milk, eggs, bread and edible plant tissue. Food additives. Chemical changes in foods during processing.

Prerequisites: Biochemistry 2000; Biochemistry 2101 or 3100.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: One period per week.

4002. Biochemical Regulation. Control theory. Metabolic regulation at the cellular and multicellular level. Hormones: their biosynthesis and mechanism of action. Signal transduction. Endocrine coordination of metabolic processes. Principles will be illustrated by the use of case studies from the medical and veterinary literature.

Prerequisites: Biochemistry 2100, 3106.
Lectures: Two to three hours per week, together with assigned reading and case studies.

4101. Proteins. Regulatory properties of enzymes; Mechanism of enzyme action. Methods for determining protein structure. Relation of protein structure to function. Protein evolution.

Prerequisite: Biochemistry 3105.
Lectures: Two to three hours per week and assigned reading.

4102. Current Topics in Biochemistry. A seminar course in which faculty and students will discuss topics of current interest in the biochemical literature. Students will be responsible for reading and critically assessing recent literature.

Prerequisites: Admission to this course is restricted to Honours Biochemistry students in their final year or by permission of the Head.

4103. Prokaryotic Gene Regulation. A detailed and up-to-date treatment of the mechanisms of genetic regulation found in bacterial cells. The course will develop topics based on the evidence of bacterial genetics and modern molecular biological experiments. Topics may include: theory of mutations, RNA transcription, positive and negative regulation of transcription; regulation of protein synthesis; control of DNA replication; bacterial operons and regulons; developmental molecular biology in bacterial systems; and evolution and molecular biology of organelles.

Prerequisite: Biochemistry 3107.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4104. Eukaryotic Gene Regulation and Developmental Biology. This course will detail the cellular and molecular aspects of eukaryotic gene regulation and development. Topics to be covered will include the DNA content and organization of eukaryotes, mechanisms controlling the expression of eukaryotic genetic information at the transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels, and the methodologies used to define these mechanisms. Detailed consideration will be given to the cell-surface events which regulate nuclear gene expression and cell lineage specification. Developmental mechanisms operating in a number of model systems will be discussed.

Prerequisite: Biochemistry 3107.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4200. Bioenergetics and Biological Oxidation. Respiration and electron transport. Functional organization of energy transducing membranes. The structure and function of flavoenzymes, cytochromes, iron-sulfur proteins and quinones. Enzyme reduction of oxygen. Free radicals in biological systems.

Prerequisite: Biochemistry 3106.
Lectures: Two to three hours per week and assigned reading.

4201. Membranes - Structure, Function and Biosynthesis. The biosynthesis of the different components of biological membranes. The structure of model and biological membranes, the molecular interactions between membrane components and the effects of these interactions on the biophysical and functional properties of membranes. Transport of molecules across biological membranes. The transport of lipids by plasma lipoproteins and their role in certain diseases.

Prerequisite: Biochemistry 3106.
Lectures: Two to three hours per week and assigned reading.

4210. Biochemical Research Techniques I. A course designed to familiarize students with methods used for the study of structural and molecular biology.

Prerequisites: Biochemistry 3105, 3107.
Lectures and laboratory periods: times as arranged.

Attendance is required.

4211. Biochemical Research Techniques II. A course designed to familiarize students with methods used for the study of cellular and subcellular metabolism. This course may include a research project.

Prerequisite: Biochemistry 3106.
Lectures and laboratory periods: times as arranged.

Attendance is required.

4220. Introduction to General and Autonomic Pharmacology. (Same as Medicine 4300). This course will deal with the general principles of pharmacology (receptors, absorption, distribution, metabolism, pharmacokinetics) drugs affecting peripheral nerve transmission and the cardiovascular system.

Prerequisites: Biochemistry 3106, 311A, 311B.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Biochemistry 4220 or Medicine 4300.

4300. Advanced Nutrition. Nutritional considerations throughout the life cycle, with particular emphasis on infant, maternal, and geriatric nutrition.

Prerequisites: Biochemistry 3200 and 3201.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4301. Nutrition and Disease. A study of the role of nutrition in specific disease processes. Nutritional management in these diseases will be discussed. Laboratories will deal with practical therapeutic problems and may involve appropriate field trips.

Prerequisites: Biochemistry 3200 and 3201.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

4302. Community Nutrition. Nutritional assessment, nutrition education, and the role of community agencies and individuals in the dissemination of nutritional information. Survey methods and results will be discussed.

Prerequisites: Biochemistry 3200 and 3201.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4400. Food Analysis. A study of the standard methods of analysis for the principal foodstuffs as well as an introduction to some modern instrumental procedures.

Prerequisite: Biochemistry 3402.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: One period per week.

4502. Current Topics in Nutrition. A seminar course in which faculty and students will discuss topics of current interest in the area of nutrition. Students will be responsible for reading and critically assessing recent literature.

Prerequisites: Two of Biochemistry 4300, 4301, 4302.

499A/499B. Dissertation. A two-semester linked course (6 credit hours) based on independent study of a problem in Biochemistry. The subject of study will be decided in consultation with Faculty advisors and must be approved in advance by the Department, or both Departments in the case of a Joint Honours degree. This dissertation is obligatory for Honours students in Biochemistry. The dissertation will be submitted as a formal written report accompanied by appropriate illustration before the end of the tenth week of the second semester. Before the end of his/her final semester the student will give an oral presentation of his/her research.

4999. Dissertation. A three-credit hour dissertation for Honours students in Dietetics and Nutrition. The dissertation will be based on independent study of a problem in Dietetics or Nutrition. The subject of study will be decided in consultation with Faculty advisors and must be approved in advance by the Department. This dissertation is obligatory for Honours students in Dietetics or Nutrition. The dissertation will be submitted as a formal written report accompanied by appropriate illustrations before the end of the semester.

BIOLOGY

PROGRAMMES IN BIOLOGY

The following undergraduate programmes are available in the Department:

- Major or Honours in Biology
- Honours in Cell Biology/Microbiology
- Honours in Ecology/Evolution
- Honours in Entomology/Parasitology
- Honours in Marine Biology
- Joint Honours in Biology and Earth Sciences (Geology)
- Joint Honours in Biology and Psychology
- Joint Honours in Biology and Statistics
- Joint Honours in Cell Biology/Microbiology and Biochemistry
- Minor in Biology

Details of joint programmes are given after the Honours B.Sc. Regulations.

ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS

Entry to the Biology Majors Programme is competitive and based on academic standing.

To be considered for admission to the programme students must have completed Biology 1001/1002 with an average of at least 65%. In addition, applicants will normally have completed the following courses (or their equivalents) and must have a minimum overall average of 60% in these courses.

- English 1080, 1110 or equivalent
- Mathematics 1080/1081 (or Mathematics 1000 only)
- Chemistry 1000/1001 or Physics 1200/1201 or Physics 1050/1052
- (If Mathematics 1000 taken, any one other first year course)

Chemistry 1000/1001 should be taken in the first year, as it is a prerequisite for other required courses in the Biology programme, and delaying chemistry until second year may make it difficult to complete the programme in the normal eight semesters.

Academically strong students who are able to take first year physics as their elective in the above list will have an advantage in course selection and timetabling in second year. Other students should complete first year physics by the end of their second year.

MINOR IN BIOLOGY

A minor in Biology will consist of twenty-four credit hours in Biology courses: 1001 and 1002 (or equivalent), nine credit hours chosen from 2010, 2122, 2210, 2600 and nine further credit hours in Biology courses except 2040, 2041 and 2120. The choice of courses must be made in consultation with the Head of Biology or delegate.

GENERAL DEGREE - MAJOR IN BIOLOGY

Each Biology Major is assigned a faculty advisor who should be consulted on academic problems, including course selection. All students majoring in Biology are required to complete a minimum of forty-five credit hours in courses from the Biology Department offering. Those forty-five credit hours must include Biology 1001/1002 or their equivalents, the twenty-seven credit hours in core courses listed below, and twelve credit hours in biology electives.

Biology Core: Biology 2010, 2122, 2210, 2600, 3050, 3060, 3250, 3900; plus one of Biology 3401, 3402, and 4404

All majors must also successfully complete the following courses or their equivalents:

- Statistics 2550
- Physics 1020/1021 or 1050/1054
- Chemistry 1000/1001, 2440
- Biochemistry 2101 and 3106
- Extra Science courses as necessary to fulfil the requirement for 78 credit hours in Science as stipulated in Clause 3 i. of the "REGULATIONS FOR THE GENERAL DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE".

It is strongly recommended that Computer Science 2602 be included.

NOTE: To minimize timetabling problems, students on the St. John's campus are advised to take Biology 2122 and 2600 in their third semester (Fall), and 2010 and 2210 in their fourth semester (Winter).

HONOURS DEGREES

The attention of students wishing to take Honours is called to those sections of the Calendar dealing with Regulations for the Degree of Bachelor of Science (Honours).

Sixty-nine credit hours in courses, including the six first year credit hours and the twenty-seven required core credit hours outlined in the regulations for the General Degree, and the Honours Dissertation, shall be taken from the Department of Biology offering. Students may elect to complete an Honours Programme in Biology or in one of the four specialized areas outlined below, or in one of the joint Honours Programmes listed under the heading "Programmes in Biology". Programmes of students taking Honours shall be drawn up in consultation with the student's supervisor, and must be approved by the Head of the Department (or his/her delegate) in accordance with Regulation 1.b of the REGULATIONS FOR THE HONOURS DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE.

NOTE: Some Graduate Courses may be taken in the final year of the Honours Programme with the permission of the Head of the Department and the course instructor.

A dissertation (six credit hours) is to be presented on some original piece of work undertaken by the candidate, under the guidance of a faculty member of the department, as appointed by the Head of Department. For students electing to take a specialized Honours degree or one of the Joint Honours Programmes, the dissertation shall be on a topic representative of the selected programme. The Department of Biology considers the dissertation to be an important part of the Honours Programme.

The dissertation will be based on a six credit hours course (Biology 499A/499B). It will involve directed reading relevant to the dissertation topic, preparation of a dissertation outline, supervised research, data synthesis and interpretation, and preparation and defence of the dissertation.

Two typed copies of the dissertation, complete with figures and tables, are to be submitted not less than three weeks before the end of lectures in the semester in which the candidate is registered for Biology 499B. These copies must be submitted to the Head of Department, and must have met the prior approval of the candidate's Honours supervisor.

Before the last day for examinations in the semester, the candidate will be examined orally on the contents of the dissertation. The examining committee shall consist of the Head of the Department, or delegate, the candidate's supervisor, and an examiner appointed by the Head of the Department in consultation with the candidate's supervisor.

HONOURS IN BIOLOGY

Students seeking the Honours Degree in Biology must satisfactorily complete Biology 1001/1002 (or equivalents) and the twenty-seven credit hours of core Biology courses. The remaining thirty-six credit hours in Biology courses, which must include the dissertation (499A/499B), may be taken as electives from the Biology offering, on the advice of the supervisor. Additional courses required for the Honours Degree in Biology include those given for the Major in Biology Programme as outlined above.

HONOURS IN CELL BIOLOGY/MICROBIOLOGY

Students in the Honours Programme in Cell Biology/Microbiology must fulfil the general requirements for an Honours degree in Biology, including the completion of the required core courses and those required in other Departments. In addition, the following programme must be followed:

Required Courses:

- Biology 4404, either 3401 or 3402; 3530, 4200, 4241, and 499A/499B
- Biochemistry 3102

plus eighteen credit hours in elective Biology courses chosen in consultation with the Supervisor or Faculty Advisor. At least twelve of the eighteen credit hours must be chosen from the following list or from the above-listed courses not previously taken:

- Biology 3500, 3540, 3620, 4000, 4012, 4040, 4130, 4245, 4402, 4605, 4822.

HONOURS IN ECOLOGY/EVOLUTION

Students in the Honours Programme in Ecology/Evolution must fulfil the general requirements for an Honours Degree in Biology, including the completion of the required core courses and those required in other Departments. In addition, the following programme must be followed:

Required Courses:

- Biology 3295, 4360, 4505, 4605; either 4810 or 4820; 499A/499B

plus fifteen credit hours in elective Biology courses chosen in consultation with the Supervisor or Faculty Advisor.

HONOURS IN ENTOMOLOGY/PARASITOLOGY

Students in the Honours Programme in Entomology/Parasitology must fulfil the general requirements for an Honours degree in Biology, including completion of the required core courses and those required in other Departments. In addition, the following programme must be followed:

Required Courses:

- Biology 3160, 3401, 4150, 4180, 4181, 4605, 499A/B

plus twelve credit hours in biology electives (or fifteen, if Biology 3401 was completed as part of the core programme required of all Biology Majors) chosen in consultation with the supervisor or faculty advisor. The following are especially recommended:

- Biology 3295, 3610, 3750, 4040, 4130, 4200, 4360, 4505, 4600, 4620, 4630, 4822

HONOURS IN MARINE BIOLOGY

Students in the Honours Programme in Marine Biology must fulfil the general requirements for an Honours degree in Biology, including completion of the required core courses and those required in other Departments. In addition, the following programme must be followed:

Required courses:

- Biology 3710, 3711, 4012, 4605, 4810, 499A/499B

plus fifteen credit hours in Biology electives chosen in consultation with the supervisor or Faculty Advisor. The following are especially recommended:

- Biology 3295, 3620, 4360, 4505, 4600, 4601, 4750, 4822

NOTE: In certain circumstances at the discretion of the Head of the Department, students obtaining credit for Biology 4822 may have the requirement for Biology 4810 waived.

COURSE LIST

NOTE: Students may obtain credit for only six 1000-level credit hours in Biology. Normally, these courses will be Biology 1001-1002, which are prerequisite to all higher courses in Biology, except where noted below.

1001-1002. Principles of Biology. An introduction to the science of Biology, including a discussion of the unity, diversity and evolution of living organisms.

Three hours of lecture and a three-hour laboratory per week.

NOTE: Biology 1001 is a prerequisite for Biology 1002.

2010. Biology of Plants. A study of the structure, function and reproductive biology of plants, with emphasis on the vascular plants, and on their relationship to environment and human activities.

Three hours of lecture and a three-hour laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 1002, Chemistry 1001.

2040. Modern Biology and Human Society I. This course examines various aspects of the human body, and the implications of modern biological research for human beings. Topics include cancer; diet and nutrition and associated diseases; circulatory disease, immunity, human genetics, biorhythms, new diseases, genetic engineering and reproductive engineering.

Three hours of lectures/seminars per week.

NOTE: Biology 2040 is not acceptable as one of the required courses for the Minor, Major or Honours programmes in Biology. There are no prerequisites for this course.

2041. Modern Biology and Human Society II. This course examines the origins and consequences of the environmental crisis of the 20th century. Topics include the population explosion, energy, material cycles, air and water and land pollution, global food supplies, the fisheries, wildlands, renewable and non-renewable resources, environmental ethics.

Three hours of lecture/seminar per week.

NOTE: Biology 2041 is not acceptable as one of the required courses for the Minor, Major or Honours programmes in Biology. There are no prerequisites for this course.

2120. Biology for Students of Earth Sciences. An introduction of the principles of Biology for students in Earth Sciences. Topics will include principles of classification, levels of biological organization, fundamental characteristics of living organisms and basic concepts in ecology.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Earth Science majors; Earth Sciences 1001 or permission of the Head of Department.

NOTES: 1) Entry to this course is restricted to Earth Sciences majors, or by permission of the Head of Department.
2) This course may not be used for credit by Biology Majors or Minors.
3) Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 2120 and either of Biology 1001 or 1002.

2122. Biology of Invertebrates. A study of the invertebrates with emphasis on structure and function, adaptations and life histories. The laboratories will present a broad survey of the major invertebrate groups.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Biology 1002.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 2122 and the former Biology 3122.

2210. Biology of Vertebrates. A study of the vertebrates, with emphasis on structure and function, adaptations and life histories.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Biology 1002.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 2210 and the former Biology 3210.

2600. Principles of Ecology. A conceptual course introducing the principles of ecology, including theoretical, functional and empirical approaches.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Biology 1002.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 2600 and the former Biology 3600.

3041. Boreal Flora. The identification of the terrestrial plants (vascular plants and bryophytes) of Newfoundland and Labrador. Various aspects of reproduction or floral biology, and the use of dichotomous keys will be covered.

Prerequisite: Biology 2010.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

3050. Introduction to Microbiology. A study of the basic principles underlying microbial life. The structure, function, nutrition and growth, control, and bioenergetics of bacteria. An introduction to the biology of fungi and viruses, and to principles of immunology. Aspects of disease and the biotechnological uses of micro-organisms. The laboratory sessions provide training in aseptic techniques and diagnostic experimental manipulations with microorganisms.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 2440 or 2401 or 2420.
Either Chemistry 2401 or 2420 may be used as a corequisite.

3052. Food Microbiology. (Same as Biochemistry 3052) This course is administered by the Department of Biochemistry.

Enrollment priority will be given to students in the Nutrition and Dietetics programmes where this is a required course.

Prerequisite: Biology 3050.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 3052 and the former Biochemistry 3401.

3060. Principles of Cell Biology. A comprehensive introduction, using modern methodology, to the biology of eukaryotic cells, organelles, and molecules, and their interactions in the functioning of living organisms.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Physics 1021 or 1054; Biochemistry 2101; at least two of Biology 2010, 2122, 2210.

3160. Insect Morphology and Physiology. An examination of the structural organization and physiology of insects. Comparisons with other arthropod classes will be drawn where appropriate.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2122.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 3160 and the former Biology 3150. It is recommended that students enrolling in Biology 3160 have already completed one of Biology 3401, Biology 3402, Biology 4404, or Biochemistry 3106.

3202. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. The phylogenetic development and comparative anatomy of the vertebrates.

Three hours of lecture and four hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Biology 1002.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for this course and either of the former Biology 3200 or the former Biology 3201.

3250. Principles of Genetics. An introduction to Mendelian, population, molecular, and developmental genetics which provides an understanding of the molecular basis of variation in organisms and their populations.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Two of: 2010, 2122, 2210.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 3250 and the former Biology 2250.

3295. Population and Evolutionary Ecology. An introduction to the theory and principles of evolutionary ecology and population dynamics.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2600; at least one of Biology 2010, 2122 or 2210.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 3295 and the former Biology 4290.

3401. Comparative Animal Physiology. A comparative study of the basic physiological processes, with special attention paid to those strategies invoked by animals which enable them to adapt to environmental changes.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Biology 2210.
Prerequisite or Co-requisite: Biochemistry 3106.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 3401 and the former Biology 4401.

3402. Principles of Plant Physiology. A consideration of the principles of plant physiology, including water relations, nutrition, metabolism, growth and development.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Biology 2010.
Prerequisite or corequisite: Biochemistry 3106.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 3402 and the former Biology 4403.

3500. Histology. A study of microstructure and ultrastructure of tissues and organ systems in vertebrates, particularly mammals, with emphasis on correlating structure and function.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2210, 3060.

3530. Developmental Biology. A study of developmental systems in protistans, plants and animals with a focus on the underlying principles and molecular mechanisms involved in cellular differentiation, morphogenesis and growth.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2122, 2210, 3060.

3540. Histotechnique. Theory and practice of preparatory techniques for microscopical study of tissues and cells. Experimental approach in cytochemical localization of cell components and introduction to electron microscopy.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Biology 3060.

3610. Boreal Ecology. A study of the principal features of terrestrial ecosystems, with emphasis on the boreal region.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2010 and 2600. Statistics 2550 or equivalent.

3620. Aquatic Microbial Ecology. A study of the nature, distribution and activities of microorganisms in the freshwater and marine environments. Field and laboratory work illustrate some of the investigative techniques used in this area of study.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2600, 3050.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 3620 and the former Biology 3603.

3709. Field Course in Marine Principles and Techniques. The course begins with a three-week field school immediately prior to the beginning of the Fall Semester. In the Fall Semester there are follow-up lectures, readings and submission of reports. The course is designed to introduce the principal marine environments, organisms and techniques. May be taken only with the permission of the Head of Department.

Prerequisites: Biology 2010, 2122, 2210, 2600; Statistics 2550.

3710. The Aquatic Environment. The abiotic properties of marine and freshwater systems, including basin formation, chemical properties, circulation and dynamics, sampling techniques and the special characteristics of estuarine systems. Emphasis will be on large bodies of water, but stream hydrology will also be discussed.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Physics 1021 or 1054; Chemistry 1001; Biology 2600 as prerequisite or corequisite.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 3710 and the former Biology 3700.

3711. The Ecology of Open Waters. A comparative survey of the major biological groups in open water aquatic habitats, both freshwater and marine, with community structure, trophic interactions and energy flow as central themes. Strategies for measuring population levels and production and for constructing both conceptual and quantitative models of ecosystems and their components are emphasized.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2010, 2122, 3710.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 3711 and the former Biology 3701.

3712. Benthic Biology. The biology of the aquatic benthos (bottom-dwelling organisms); their origins, adaptations, life histories and ecological roles.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2010, 2122, 3710.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 3712 and the former Biology 3630.

3750. Animal Behaviour I. (Same as Psychology 3750). An introduction to the mechanisms and development of the behaviour of animals. Topics include: the history of ethology and comparative psychology, methods of animal behaviour study, behaviour of animals in relation to physiology, sensory function, learning, communication, orientation, and other areas in biology and psychology.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Statistics 2550 or equivalent, Biology 1002.

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Biology 3750, Psychology 3750, the former Biology 4700, or the former Psychology 4700.

3811. Paleontology (W). (Same as Earth Sciences 3811) This course is taught and administered by the Department of Earth Sciences.

Prerequisites: EITHER Earth Sciences 1001 and Biology 2120 (or Biology 1001 and 1002), OR Biology 2122 and 2210.

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Biology 3811, the former Biology 3800, and the former Earth Sciences 3801.

3900. Principles of Evolution. A course analysing the processes and patterns of evolution. Topics include the development of evolutionary theory, the genetic basis of evolution, mechanisms of evolutionary change and the origin and interpretation of phylogeny.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2600, 2210, either 2122 or 2010, 3250; and Statistics 2550.

4000. Bacterial Systematics. A study of bacterial classification, nomenclature and identification. Subjects include classical and numerical taxonomy, aerobic and anaerobic culture techniques, phage typing, serotyping and the significance of genetic relatedness. The laboratory work presents the techniques of determinative bacteriology.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 3050, 3250.

4012. Phycology. A consideration of the biology of algae, including ecology, morphology, life histories, and laboratory culture.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2010, 2600.

4040. Mycology. A study of the physiology, morphogenesis, nature of plant and animal parasitism, ecology and taxonomy of terrestrial and freshwater fungi.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 3050; at least two of Biology 2010, 2122, 2210.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 4040 and the former Biology 3020.

4130. Protozoology. A study of the systematics, functional morphology, morphogenesis, and ecology of protozoa.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2122, 2600.

4150. Insect Systematics and Ecology. A study of the classification, ecology and behaviour of insects with special emphasis on the boreal fauna.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2122, 2600.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 4150 and the former Biology 4140.

4180. General Parasitology. An examination of parasitism as a way of life, with emphasis on classification, structural adaptation, life cycles and ecology.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2122, 2210, 2600.

4181. Experimental Parasitology. Consideration of physiological and behavioural aspects of host-parasite associations.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2122, 2210, 2600.
Prerequisite or co-requisite: at least one of Biology 3401, 3402, 4404 or Biochemistry 3106.

4182. Fisheries and Wildlife Parasitology. A study of the important parasites of fish and other wildlife and their impact on both individuals and populations.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2122, 2210, 2600 and 4180.

4200. Immunology. A study of vertebrate and invertebrate immune systems including antigens and antibodies and their reactions.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2122, 2210, 3050.

4210. Remote Sensing. (Same as Engineering 8623). This course is taught and administered by the Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science.

4241. Molecular Genetics. The molecular basis of genetic information: its organization, replication, expression, regulation, mutation and exchange in eukaryotes, prokaryotes and viruses; recombinant DNA technology and genetic engineering.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 3050, 3250, 4404; Biochemistry 2101.

4245. Biophysics. An examination of the physical properties involved in defining diffusion, membrane properties, electrochemical potentials and the processes of bioenergetics within cells and organelles. Selected topics in biomechanics and the functioning of whole organisms with respect to size, shape, support, orientation, transport and motility.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 3060; Biochemistry 2101.

4250. Evolutionary Genetics. An integration of theoretical, empirical and experimental approaches to studying genetic variation at the population level.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 3250, 3900.

4270. History of Biology. Consideration of the development of biological concepts as interactions between observations, philosophical systems and cultural environment.

Three hours of lecture plus one afternoon seminar per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2010, 2122, 2210, 2600, plus at least six credit hours in Biology courses at the 3000 level.

4306. Applied Biology. An examination of how biological and other sciences are applied to the problems of management and utilization of organisms at both the individual and systems level to meet human needs.

Prerequisites: Any twenty-four credit hours in Biology courses (including first year) (excluding 2040, 2041).

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Biology 4306 and either of the former Biology 4303 or the former Biology 4304.

4360. Community and Ecosystem Ecology. A study of the basic principles, patterns and processes of ecological communities and ecosystems.

Three hours of lecture plus a seminar/discussion group each week.
Prerequisite: Biology 2600.
Recommended: Biology 3295.

4402. Electron Microscopy in Life Sciences. Principles and methodology of electron microscopy: use of transmission and scanning electron microscopes; preparation of thin films; whole mounts of micro-organisms, viruses, and macromolecules (enzymes), preparation techniques for scanning electron microscopy, related photographic techniques, and interpretation of electron micrographs. This is an intensive course that will be offered for the first three weeks of Spring Semester from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.

Admission by permission of the Head of the Department and the Instructor.

Enrolment in this course is strictly limited and priority will be given to Honours students recommended by their supervisor, other Honours students and then other Biology majors.

4404. Microbial Physiology. A study of the structure and growth of microorganisms. Subjects include metabolic diversity and functions of components and organelles. The physiology of microbes interacting with their environment is emphasized. Quantitative experimental methodology is studied in the laboratory.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 3050, 3250; Biochemistry 3106.

4505. Systematics and Biogeography. A study of the geographical distributions of plants and animals with particular reference to temporal and spatial variability and to theories advanced to explain historical and recent distribution patterns.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2010, 2122, 2210, 2600, 3250.
Recommended: Biology 3900.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 4505 and Geography 4170.

4510. Distribution Patterns in the Sea. An ecological approach to the description and understanding of biogeographic patterns in the sea. Lectures and discussions will focus on what the main patterns are and how they are determined, aspects of the ocean environment that contribute to pattern, how lifestyles are adapted to oceanic conditions, diversity and dispersal, analytical techniques, and practical geographic problems concerning the exploitation and management of marine resources. It is recommended (but not required) that students take Biology 3710, 3711 and 4505 beforehand.

Three hours of lecture/seminar and a three hour laboratory/discussion session each week.
Prerequisite or corequisite: Biology 4605.

4600. Ichthyology. The study of fishes: taxonomy, life histories, evolution, behaviour and zoogeography.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2210, 2600.
(Not offered in 1993/94)

4601. Functional Biology of Fish. An introduction to the anatomical, physiological and histological aspects of selected processes in the life cycle of fishes.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2210, 3060 and one of Biology 3401, 3402, 4404; Biochemistry 3106.

4605. Quantitative Methods in Biology. (Same as Statistics 4581 and the former Statistics 4605). Quantitative reasoning using verbal, graphical and statistical models of scaled quantities (units and dimensions). Exploratory and confirmatory analysis of field and laboratory data. Hypothesis testing, including randomization tests. Topics include the general linear model (t-tests, ancova etc), correlation, autocorrelation, geographic statistics, estimates of population size and multivariate methods.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Statistics 2550.

4620. Ornithology. Structure, classification, evolution, ecology and behaviour of birds, with particular reference to those of economic importance. Identification of the birds of Eastern Canada.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2210, 2600.

4630. Mammalogy. Evolution, systematics, life histories and distribution of mammals, with particular emphasis on eastern North American forms.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2210, 2600.

4701. Animal Behaviour II. (Same as Psychology 4701). An examination of the behaviour of animals with particular emphasis on evolution and ecology. Topics include behavioural genetics and evolution, reproductive strategies, social behaviour, habitat selection, territoriality, foraging behaviour, and other topics in biology and psychology.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology/Psychology 3750(formerly Biology 4700).

4750. Fisheries Ecology. The application of ecological principles to the problem of managing exploited fish populations. Laboratory exercises will be based on a simulation approach to fisheries problems using computer and animal models.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 3295 and permission of the Instructor.

4800. Advanced Palaeontology. (Same as Earth Sciences 4800). This course is taught and administered by the Department of Earth Sciences.

Prerequisites: Earth Science/Biology 3811, and one of Statistics 2510, Statistics 2550 or Mathematics 2000

4810. Field Course in Marine Biology. The course will consist of an intensive three-week field school designed to acquaint students with marine organisms and environments. Emphasis will be placed on survey work and individual projects. Projects must be designed and approved prior to the commencement of the course, and will involve a written report. May be taken only with the permission of the Head of the Department. At the discretion of the Head of the Department, another recognized field course may be substituted for Biology 4810.

Prerequisites: Biology 2010, 2210, 2122, 3710.

4820. Field Course in Terrestrial Biology. The course will begin with a three-week field school immediately prior to the beginning of the Fall Semester. It is designed to acquaint students with terrestrial organisms and environments, and emphasis will be placed on survey and sampling techniques. In the Fall Semester the material and data collected in the field will be used in lecture and laboratory periods dealing with identification, analytical methods, and report compilation.

Prerequisites: Biology 2010, 2122, 2210, 2600 and permission of the Head.
Recommended: Biology 4605.

4822. Internship in Biology. The course is an external applied laboratory where a student works with professionals on a problem or problems in biological research. Co-operating agencies may include Environment Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Agriculture Canada, the Provincial Departments of Fisheries and Forestry, and others. The student will have a supervisor within the Department and one in the co-operating agency, and will be expected to write a scientific account detailing the particulars of the work experience. The arrangements for the position must be agreed upon, and a project proposal approved, by the Head of the Department or delegate prior to registration for the course. Enrolment will be dependent upon the availability of suitable positions, and will be limited to students in the Honours Programme. This course can be done in any semester, and carries three credit hours.

499A/499B. Honours Dissertation. This course is available only to students in the Honours Programme. Requirements for the Dissertation are outlined under the heading "HONOURS DEGREES".

CHEMISTRY

PROGRAMMES IN CHEMISTRY

The following undergraduate programmes are available in the department:

- Major* or Honours* in Chemistry
- Joint Honours in Chemistry and Earth Sciences*
- Joint Honours in Chemistry and Applied Mathematics*
- Joint Honours in Chemistry and Biochemistry*
- Joint Honours in Chemistry and Physics*
- Minor in Chemistry

* These programmes are accredited by the Canadian Society for Chemistry.

Details of joint programmes are given after the Honours B.Sc. Regulations.

UNDERGRADUATE HANDBOOK

Additional information about the undergraduate programme, individual courses and suggested timetables can be found in the Department of Chemistry Undergraduate Handbook which is available from the General Office, Department of Chemistry.

FACULTY ADVISORS

Each student majoring in Chemistry will be assigned a Faculty Advisor who should be consulted on all academic matters. Individual programmes must be drawn up in consultation with the advisor.

NOTE: Students who have obtained a grade of 3 or better on the Advanced Placement courses in Chemistry will normally be eligible for direct entry into Chemistry 1001. Such students must consult the department before registration.

MINOR IN CHEMISTRY

Candidates who take a minor in Chemistry will complete Chemistry 1000, 1001, 2400, 2401, 2210, 2300 and six credit hours in courses chosen from 3100, 3211, 3300, 3301, 3400, 3401 and 3500.

GENERAL DEGREE-MAJOR IN CHEMISTRY

The courses required for a Major in Chemistry are:

a) Chemistry 1000 and 1001 (or their equivalents), 2300, 2210, 2400, 2401, 3100, 3211, 3300, 3301, 3400, 3401, 3500 and 4100 or 4101.
b) Physics 1050 (or 1020 and 1021), 1054, 2054 and 2056.
c) Mathematics 1000 (or 1080 and 1081), 1001, 2000 and Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3260.
d) Computer Science 2602 or 2700.

Applied Mathematics 2130 is recommended. Six language credit hours in one of French, German or Russian are recommended.

To be admitted as a Chemistry Major, students must have completed thirty credit hours in courses at the first year level, including Chemistry 1000, 1001, Physics 1050, 1054 (or 1020 and 1021), Mathematics 1000, 1001 (or 1080, 1081) English 1080, 1110 (or equivalent) and six credit hours in elective courses. In addition, students must obtain a grade of 65% or better in each of Chemistry 1000, 1001 (or a combined average of 65% in Chemistry 1000 and 1001 and the permission of the head of the Department) and a minimum average of 60% in eight of the ten first year courses.

NOTE: Students must consult with the Head of the Department before registering in courses with an initial digit of 3 or greater.

HONOURS DEGREE IN CHEMISTRY

Students wishing to take Honours should consult those sections of the Calendar dealing with 'Regulations for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science'. The Honours programme in Chemistry consists of at least 66 credit hours in Chemistry courses. It is recommended that candidates also take groups of eighteen or more credit hours in each of two other science subjects, normally Biochemistry, Biology, Earth Sciences, Physics, or Mathematics.

Required Courses

a) Chemistry 1000 and 1001 (or their equivalents), 2300, 2210, 2400, 2401, 3100, 3211, 3300, 3301, 3400, 3401, 3500, 4100 or 4101, 4300, 4301, 490A/B, six credit hours selected from 4200-4204, and a selection from the remaining 4000-level courses.
b) Physics 1050 (or 1020, 1021), 1054, 2054 and 2056.
c) Mathematics 1000 (or 1080 and 1081), 1001, 2000 and Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3260.
d) Computer Science 2602 or 2700.

Mathematics 2050 and Applied Mathematics 2130 are highly recommended.

A thesis based on a selected research topic carried out under the supervision of a member of the department is to be submitted in the final year.

Chemistry 490A/B will normally require the equivalent of 9 hours/week for 2 semesters. Registration in Chemistry 490A/B is restricted to those students who have honours standing. Evaluation of the dissertation will be pass/fail, assessed by a committee comprised of the supervisor and two other faculty members.

With approval of the Heads of the Chemistry and Biochemistry Departments prior to registration, a number of courses in Biochemistry may be substituted for a like number of Chemistry courses.

Six credit hours in one language are recommended: French, German or Russian should be selected in consultation with the Department Head.

Prospective Honours students in Chemistry in their first year should take

a) Six credit hours in English
b) Chemistry 1000 and 1001 (or their equivalents)
c) Physics 1050 and 1054 or 1020 and 1021.
d) Mathematics 1000 and 1001 or 1080 and 1081
e) Six credit hours in other courses.

Given appropriate circumstances the Honours Chemistry programme may be completed in four years. Students should consult the Undergraduate Student Handbook for timetabling details.

NOTE: Chemistry 1800, Physics 1020, Mathematics 1080 may not be included as electives towards the 120 credit hours Honours programme. Students who include these courses in their first year programme will need the corresponding number of extra credits to obtain an Honours degree.

Arrangements for subsequent years will depend on the other science subjects being studied and should be made in consultation with the Head of the Department.

NOTE: Certain advanced courses may only be offered in alternate years. Candidates therefore should consult the Head of the Department before registration.

Certain of the Graduate courses may be taken in the final year of the Honours Programme with the permission of the Head of the Department.

NOTE: Details of Joint Honours programmes with Biochemistry, Earth Sciences, Mathematics and Physics are given under Joint Programmes.

COURSE LIST

NOTE: Attendance for ALL Chemistry Laboratory sessions is mandatory. Failure to attend may result in a failing grade or deregistration from the course.

1000 (F) and 1001 (W). Introductory General Chemistry. Classification and phases of matter; atomic structure; chemical bonding; periodic table illustrated by the chemistry of selected elements; mole-concept and stoichiometry; energetics; rates of reaction; chemical equilibria; an introduction to organic chemistry. Chemistry 1000 is a prerequisite for Chemistry 1001.

Lectures: Four per week including tutorials.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

NOTES: 1) For entry to Chemistry 1000, it is recommended that students have (i) at least 70% in high school chemistry 3202 or successful completion of Chemistry 1800, and (ii) successful completion of high school Advanced Mathematics 3201 or at least 80% in high school Academic Mathematics 3203, or a pass in any non-foundation university-level Mathematics course.

2) Credit may be obtained for only one of the following pairs of courses: Chemistry 1000 and 1001; Chemistry 1200 and 1001; Chemistry 150A/B.

1200. Course content includes those topics covered in Chemistry 1000, with the additional time being spent on relevant topics that are normally studied in high school Chemistry or in Chemistry 1800.

Lectures: Four per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

(This course is given at Sir Wilfred Grenfell College only).

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of the following pairs of courses: Chemistry 1000 and 1001; Chemistry 1200 and 1001; Chemistry 150A/B.

1800. Introduction to Chemistry. This course is intended for those who have had no previous exposure to Chemistry, those who have a weak background, and those returning to the subject after some years. Course material includes matter and energy; atoms, and molecules; the periodic table; the mole concept; stoichiometry; gases.

Lectures: Four per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

NOTES: 1) For entry to Chemistry 1800, it is recommended that students have at least 70% in high school Academic Mathematics 3203, or a pass in high school Advanced Mathematics, or a pass in any university-level Mathematics course.

2) This course may not be used as one of the Chemistry courses required for a Major or Honours in Chemistry, nor as one of the 78 science credit hours required for the B.Sc. degree.

2210. Introductory Inorganic Chemistry (F) and (W). Chemistry of selected s, p, and d block elements. Introduction to crystal and molecular structures and to molecular orbital and crystal field theories.

Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Chemistry 2210 and Chemistry 3200: Credit may be obtained for only one of Chemistry 2210, Chemistry 2001, Chemistry 2041, and Chemistry 200A/B.

2300. Introductory Physical Chemistry (F) and (W). Introductory chemical thermodynamics and equilibria. Complementary laboratory work with an emphasis on quantitative analysis.

Prerequisites: Chemistry 1001, Mathematics 1001, Physics 1052 or 1201.
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of the following courses: Chemistry 2000, Chemistry 2040, Chemistry 2300, Chemistry 2310, Chemistry 2500 and Chemistry 200A/B.

2400 (F) and 2401 (W). (Formerly 240A/B). Introductory Organic Chemistry. A study of the principal classes of organic compounds, their synthesis, properties and reactions.

Prerequisite: A grade of 65% or better in each of Chemistry 1000 and 1001 (or equivalent courses) or a combined average of 65% in Chemistry 1000 and 1001 and the permission of the Head of the Department. Chemistry 2400 is a prerequisite for Chemistry 2401.
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Chemistry 240A/B, 2400, 2420 or 2440.

2420. Organic Chemistry and Biomolecules (F). Elementary organic chemistry and introduction to the chemistry of some biologically important molecules. A course for students of Nursing given by the Department of Chemistry. For credit towards the Bachelor of Nursing degree only.

Prerequisites: Chemistry 1001 or 1201 or 150A/B.
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Chemistry 2420 and Chemistry 240A/B.

2440. Organic Chemistry for Biologists (F) & (W). An introduction to the principles of organic chemistry with an emphasis on material relevant to biological molecules. The laboratory will introduce techniques and illustrate concepts covered in the course.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 1001 or its equivalent.
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

NOTE: This course is designed primarily for Biology Majors. It may not be used for credit by Chemistry or Biochemistry Majors and may not serve as a prerequisite for any other Chemistry course. Credit may be obtained for only one of Chemistry 2400, 2420, 2440, 240A/B.

2600. Chemistry and Society I (F). A course for students in their second year or beyond. Chemistry 2600 and 2601 are particularly useful to those intending to teach Chemistry in High School. The course explores the chemical nature of matter, the interaction of chemistry with technical and life processes and the environment. Subjects such as energy, agriculture, food, and population will be discussed.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 1001 or its equivalent.
Lectures: Three per week.

NOTES: 1) This course is not acceptable as one of the Chemistry courses required for the Major or Honours in Chemistry.

2) Credit may be obtained for only one of Chemistry 2200 and Chemistry 2600.

2601. Chemistry and Society II (W). Applications of organic chemistry in everyday life, especially medical aspects, food additives, and the like.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 1001 or its equivalent.
Lectures: Three per week.

NOTE: This course is not acceptable as one of the Chemistry courses required for the Major or Honours in Chemistry.

3100. Analytical Chemistry I (F) and (W). Treatment of data, gravimetric analysis, volumetric analysis including oxidation-reduction titrations using electrochemical techniques, the use of specific ion electrodes, and titrations in non-aqueous systems. Spectrophotometric trace analysis and titration.

Prerequisites: Chemistry 2000 and 2001, or Chemistry 2300.
Lectures and Laboratories: Not more than seven hours per week.

NOTE: Students may not obtain credit for both Chemistry 3100 and 4000.

3211. Inorganic Chemistry (W). A detailed examination of the structure, bonding, and chemistry of the d block elements.

Prerequisites: Chemistry 2210, 2300, and 3500.
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Chemistry 3211 and 3201.

3300. Physical Chemistry I (F). The laws of thermodynamics, calorimetry, thermochemistry, equilibrium constants. Introduction to thermodynamics of non-ideal gases. Topics will include partial molal quantities, phase equilibria, thermodynamics of solutions, activity coefficients of non-electrolytes, the Gibbs-Duhem equation.

Prerequisites: Chemistry 2300, Mathematics 2000, Physics 1054 and 2054. Physics 2054 may be taken concurrently with Chemistry 3300. Laboratory: Three hours per week.

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Chemistry 3300 and Chemistry 330A/B.

3301. Physical Chemistry II (W). Electrical conductivity of solutions, electrochemical cells, equilibrium constants of weak electrolytes, activity coefficients of electrolytes. Elementary theoretical chemistry, introduction to quantum mechanics, statistical interpretation of thermodynamic functions of ideal gases, and kinetic theory of gases. Chemical kinetics including relaxation techniques and mass transport phenomena.

Prerequisites: Chemistry 3300, Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3260, Physics 2056. Physics 2056 may be taken concurrently with Chemistry 3300.
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Chemistry 3301 and Chemistry 330A/B.

3400. Intermediate Organic Chemistry (F). Application of structural elucidation and synthetic methods to modern organic chemistry. Subjects covered will include aromatic, heterocyclic, and polyfunctional compounds.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 2401. Students are recommended to read Chemistry 3500 concurrently.
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratories: Three hours per week.

3401. Advanced Organic Chemistry (W). The synthesis and structure elucidation of natural products and some molecules of biological interest.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 3400.
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

3500. Spectroscopic Analysis: Spectroscopy and Structure (F). Application of spectroscopic methods to the determination of molecular structure. Emphasis will be placed on electronic, vibrational and rotational spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and mass spectrometry.

Prerequisites: Chemistry 2210, 2300, 2401. Physics 2056 is strongly recommended.
Lectures and Laboratory: Not more than six hours per week.

3600. Marine Chemistry (W). This course focuses on the ocean's role in the global cycling of selected elements and compounds. Emphasis will be placed on marine analytical chemistry, marine pollution, composition and properties of seawater, biogenic compounds, chemical cycling and the chemistry of sea sediments.

Prerequisites: Chemistry 2210, 2300, 240A/B.
Corequisite: Chemistry 3100.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4100. Analytical Chemistry II (F). Error treatment, absorption of radiation (uv, visible, ir), emission spectroscopy, fluorescence, phosphorescence, light scattering and Raman spectroscopy, refractometry, polarimetry, gas and liquid chromatography, ion exchange and automated analyses.

Prerequisites: Chemistry 3100 and 3300. Chemistry 3300 may be taken concurrently with Chemistry 4100.
Lectures and Laboratory: Not more than six hours per week.

NOTE: Students may not obtain credit for both Chemistry 4100 and 4000.

4101. Analytical Chemistry III (W). Electrochemical techniques including polarography, coulometry and conductance. Radiochemical methods, thermal chemistry, NMR, ESR, X-ray techniques, Fourier transform methods, mass spectrometry, ion and electron spectroscopy.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 3100 and 3301. Chemistry 3301 may be taken concurrently with Chemistry 4101.
Lectures and laboratory: Not more than six hours per week.

NOTE: Students may not obtain credit for both Chemistry 4101 and 4001.

4200. Chemical Applications of Group Theory. Applications of group theory to electronic, vibrational, and electron spin resonance spectroscopy, and to the molecular orbital theory of bonding.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 3211.
Lectures: Three per week.

4201. Coordination Chemistry in Biological Molecules - Structural, Mechanistic and Magnetic Studies. The role of certain transition elements e.g. iron, copper, cobalt, and zinc, in proteins and enzymes will be discussed in terms of structural features, the natural ligands, magnetic properties, mechanisms, etc., and reinforced with examples of 'model compounds'. Magnetic theory, in particular for polynuclear transition metal complexes, will also be developed.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 3211.
Lectures: Three per week.

4202. Selected Topics in Main Group Chemistry. Discussion of selected topics of current interest in the chemistry of s- and p-block elements.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 3211.
Lectures: Three per week.

4203. Organometallic Chemistry. Principles and applications of organometallic chemistry with emphasis on compounds of the transition metals, lanthanides and actinides. A study of synthetic methods, structure, bonding, reactions and applications of these concepts to organic synthesis and to catalysis.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 3211.
Lectures: Three per week.

4204. Inorganic Reaction Mechanisms and Catalysis. A survey of inorganic and organometallic reactions, their mechanisms and kinetic characteristics. In addition, stereochemical non-rigidity, reactions of coordinated ligands and homogeneous catalysis are discussed.

Prerequisites: Chemistry 3211 and 3301.
Lectures: Three per week.

4300. Advanced Physical Chemistry I: Quantum Mechanics and Spectroscopy (F). Solutions of the Schrodinger wave equation by means of second order differential equations and operator and matrix methods. Electronic spectra of atoms, and the rotational, vibrational and electronic spectra of diatomic and triatomic molecules. Chemical bonding.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 3301.
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Chemistry 4300 and Chemistry 430A/B.

4301. Advanced Physical Chemistry II: Statistical Thermodynamics and Kinetics (W). Statistical thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. Applications to thermodynamics and kinetics of interfaces will be included.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 4300.
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Chemistry 4301 and Chemistry 430A/B.

4350. Advanced Physical Chemistry III: Selected Topics in Physical Chemistry (W). Discussion of selected topics of current interest in physical chemistry and chemical physics, given in lecture or seminar form. Representative topics are crystal structure and x-ray crystallography, data processing and modelling, microwave spectroscopy, quantum chemical calculations. Arrangements to take this course should be made during the previous academic year.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 4301, which may be taken concurrently.

4400 (F) (formerly 440A). Physical Organic Chemistry I. Methods and Techniques: quantitative and qualitative theories of reactions and reactivity for organic molecules.

Prerequisites: Chemistry 3301, 3401 and 3500.
Lectures: three per week.

4401 (W) (formerly 440B). Physical Organic Chemistry II. Applications: organic reaction mechanisms and their elucidation.

Prerequisites: Chemistry 4400.
Lectures: three per week.

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of (I) 440A/B or (ii) 4400 and 4401.

4410. Advanced Organic Synthesis (F). Retrosynthetic analysis, synthetic strategy and design in total synthesis. Modern methods and reagents. Analysis of published syntheses of several complex molecules.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 3401.
Lectures: Three per week.

4411. Topics in Medicinal Chemistry (W). Synthesis, stereochemistry, chemical properties and mode of action of selected drug types including antibacterial, antiviral and anticancer drugs. Emphasis will be placed on organic chemical considerations of drug design.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 3401.
Lectures: Three per week.

490A/B. Honours Thesis.

COMPUTER SCIENCE

PROGRAMMES IN COMPUTER SCIENCE

The following undergraduate programmes are available in the Department:

a) Major in Computer Science
b) Honours in Computer Science
c) Minor in Computer Science
d) Computer Science/Statistics Joint Major (B.Sc. only)
e) Computer Science/Pure Mathematics Joint Major (B.Sc. only)
f) Computer Science/Geography (Cartography option) Joint Major (B.Sc. only)
g) Computer Science/Physics Joint Major
h) Computer Science/Pure Mathematics Joint Honours (B.Sc. only)
i) Computer Science/Statistics Joint Honours
j) Computer Science/Geography (Cartography option) Joint Honours (B.Sc. only)
k) Computer Science/Physics Joint Honours.

Details of joint programmes are given after the Honours B.Sc. Regulations.

MAJOR IN COMPUTER SCIENCE

1) Forty-five credit hours in Computer Science courses are required for a major in Computer Science:

a) Computer Science 1700, 2710, 2711, 2740, 2741, 3711, 3714, 3724, 3725, 3740, 4718, and 4721.
b) At least six additional credit hours at the 4000-level in Computer Science courses.
c) Three additional credit hours in Computer Science courses at the 3000 level or beyond.

2) Additional courses required of the Majors are: Mathematics 2000, 2050, Statistics 2510, and three additional credit hours in Mathematics courses at the 2000 level or beyond, excluding Mathematics 2090.

NOTES: 1) Computer Science Majors shall not receive credit for Computer Science Service courses.

2) Students are encouraged to do the following electives: Computer Science 3723, Mathematics 1031, Mathematics 2001, Statistics 2511 and Business 2100.

3) A Computer Science Major is encouraged to take a concentration of courses in another discipline in order to gain a broader background.

HONOURS IN COMPUTER SCIENCE

1) See General Regulations for the Honours Degree (B.A. General Regulations for the Honours Degree or B.Sc. General Regulations for the Honours Degree as appropriate).

2) Sixty-three credit hours in Computer Science courses are required for the Honours Degree in Computer Science, including:

a) Computer Science 1700, 2710, 2711, 2740, 2741, 3711, 3714, 3724, 3725, 3740, 4718, 4721 and 4780.
b) Eighteen additional credit hours in Computer Science at the 4000 level.
c) Six additional credit hours in Computer Science courses at the 3000 level or beyond.

3) Additional courses required of the Honours student are: Mathematics 2000, 2050, Statistics 2510 and an additional three credit hours in Mathematics at the 2000 level or beyond, excluding Mathematics 2090.

NOTES: 1) Computer Science Honours students shall not receive credit for Computer Science Service courses.

2) Students are encouraged to do the following electives: Computer Science 3723, Mathematics 1031, Mathematics 2001, Statistics 2511 and Business 2100.

3) A Computer Science Major is encouraged to take a concentration of courses in another discipline in order to gain a broader background.

MINOR IN COMPUTER SCIENCE

1) For a Minor in Computer Science, a student must complete at least twenty-four credit hours in Computer Science courses, including:

a) Computer Science 1700, 2710, 2711, 2740, 2741.
b) At least three credit hours in Computer Science courses at the 4000 level.

2) At most, twelve credit hours in Computer Science courses at the 2000-level may be included in the Minor.

COURSE NUMBERING SCHEME

There are five areas of Computer Science offered in the 3000- and 4000-level courses. The meaning of the third digit of a course number is as follows:

1- Programming Languages
2- Computer Systems
3- Numerical Computations
4- Theoretical Aspects
5,6- Applications (e.g. Artificial Intelligence, Computer Graphics, Data Base, Robotics, Computational Geometry, Image Processing, Computer Networking, Computer Aided Design)
8- Honours Project
9- Directed Readings

FACULTY ADVISORS

Each student majoring in Computer Science will be assigned a Faculty Advisor from within the Department of Computer Science. Majors should consult their Faculty Advisor on all academic matters. A student's programme must be drawn up in consultation with the student's assigned Faculty Advisor for approval by the Head of the Department or delegate.

UNDERGRADUATE HANDBOOK

Additional information about the undergraduate Computer Science programmes and courses can be found in the Computer Science Undergraduate Handbook available from the General Office, Department of Computer Science.

COURSE LIST

COMPUTER SCIENCE SERVICE COURSES

2602. Computer Programming in BASIC and FORTRAN (F) & (W). Introduction to computers and their use; interactive computing; the BASIC and FORTRAN programming languages and their application to the computer solution of numeric and non-numeric problems.

In addition to three one-hour lectures there will be a minimum three hour laboratory per week to be scheduled by the department.

Prerequisite: Mathematics 1000 or 1080. Recommended Mathematics 1031.

NOTE: Students who have received credit for the former Computer Science 2600, or the former 2601, or the former 2800 cannot receive credit for Computer Science 2602.

2801. Introductory Computing for Business. This course introduces students to computer applications in business, document processing, application development, decision support, and information management. A three hour laboratory is required.

Prerequisite: Mathematics 1000 or 1080.

NOTE: Students shall not receive credit for more than one of the present Computer Science 2801, and the former Computer Science 2601 and the former Computer Science 2800. Computer Science Majors and Honours students shall not receive credit for Computer Science service courses.

2810. Elementary Data Processing (W). Fundamentals of data processing; applications; system study and design; non-computerized data processing; computer hardware, software and operations; selected topics.

Prerequisite: Mathematics 1080 or Mathematics 1000.

NOTE: Students shall not receive credit for more than one of Computer Science 2602, or the former Computer Science 2600, 2601 or 2800. Computer Science Majors and Honours students shall not receive credit for Computer Science Service courses.

COMPUTER SCIENCE MAJOR COURSES

FIRST YEAR COURSES

1700. Introduction to Computer Science. This course lays the foundation for the art and the science of computing. The course contains fundamental and topical issues in computers, languages, programming and applications. This course is required of all Computer Science majors but is also available to non-majors.

Prerequisite: Mathematics 1080 or Level III Advanced Mathematics or equivalent.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

NOTE: Students who have previously completed Computer Science 2700 will not be permitted to register or receive credit for Computer Science 1700.

SECOND YEAR COURSES

2710. Problem Solving and Programming (F) & (W). This course emphasizes algorithmic problem solving and sound programming techniques; for instance, mathematical models for abstract data types are formally defined and their relevant properties are proved. Basic techniques for the organization of data in the computer's storage are discussed and the basics for proving properties of programmes are given.

Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.
Prerequisite: Computer Science 1700.

NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both Computer Science 2710 and 2700.

2711. Introduction to Algorithms and Data Structures (F) & (W). This course includes the study of standard ways of organizing and manipulating data in the computer's storage. Fundamental concepts in the design and analysis of algorithms are also discussed.

Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.
Prerequisite: Computer Science 2710.

NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both Computer Science 2711 and 2701. It is recommended that students complete Computer Science 2740 prior to registering for Computer Science 2711.

2740. Discrete Structures I (F) & (W). Basic concepts of logic. Propositional logic and its proof system. The language of predicate logic. Sets, functions and relations, induction and recursion. Basics of graph theory, elementary properties of graphs.

Prerequisite: Computer Science 1700.

2741. Discrete Structures II (F) & (W). A follow-up of Computer Science 2740 dealing with more advanced topics in Discrete Mathematics. These topics include: classical graph theoretic problems, operations, algebras, abstract algebraic constructions, more on set theory and predicate logic.

Prerequisite: Computer Science 2710 and 2740.

2752. Introduction to Business Data Processing (F). Data processing applications of computers, large and small scale systems for business, peripherals, and programming in COBOL. Introduction to Fourth Generation Languages.

In addition to three one-hour lectures, there will be a minimum three-hour laboratory per week, to be scheduled by the Department.

Prerequisite: Computer Science 2602, 2700, 2710 or the former 2800.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Computer Science 2752 and 3752.

THIRD YEAR COURSES

3710. Vocational Languages (W). Study of several programming languages of vocational significance (e.g. a selection from ADA, C, ICON, LISP, MODULA-2, PROLOG and others). The use of appropriate programming paradigms to solve some significant problems.

In addition to three one-hour lectures, there will be a minimum three hour laboratory per week, to be scheduled by the Department.

Prerequisite: Computer Science 2701 or 2711.

3711. Algorithms and Complexity (W). This course introduces the most common and effective algorithm design techniques and their complexity analysis, and the theory of Np-completeness. Examples will be drawn from various fields such as graph theory and string matching.

Prerequisite: Computer Science 2711 and 2741.

3714. Programming Language Translation and Interpretation (F). This course is a study of the syntax and semantics of programming languages. Issues to be studied include virtual machines, translation, compiling, code generation and interpreters.

Prerequisites: Computer Science 3712 and 3741, or 3740 and 3724.

3718. Programming in the Small (F). The main objective of this course is to demonstrate the tools and techniques used in the construction of small software systems. The software tools and techniques to be covered include C++, analysis and design of software components, software construction tools (e.g. linkers, builders, debuggers), software library use and design, and system integration.

Prerequisite: CS 2711 and CS 2741.

3723. Logic Design (F). Review of Boolean logic functions; Karnaugh maps and minimization of combinational circuits. Applications of MSI and LSI devices; multiplexers, decoders, ROM's programmable logic; application of timing diagrams to logic design. Review of sequential circuits; flip-flops, shift registers, etc. Analysis of sequential circuits, state diagrams, state tables, state reduction, models of sequential circuits. Introduction to micro-processors, memory decoding, I/O device selection. The use of microprocessors as simple device controllers.

Prerequisite: Computer Science 3724.
Lectures: Three hours/week
Laboratory: Three hours/week.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Computer Science 3723 and Physics 2552.

3724. Computer Organization (F) & (W). This course begins with elementary logic elements and progresses through boolean algebra, synthesis and analysis of combinational and sequential circuits, finally covering aspects of von Newmann machine organization. It deals with topics such as number systems, coding, arithmetic/logic units, register transfer languages, algorithmic state machines, PLA, Mux, One Hot implementations, microprogramming, memory, instruction processing cycle, etc.

Prerequisite: Computer Science 2711 and 2741.

3725. Computer Architecture (W). Using the background offered in Computer Science 3724, this course covers advanced topics in the areas of memory system organizations (eg. overlapping, interleaving, cache, associative memory, virtual memory, etc.), foundations of high-speed computations (eg. various types of dependencies, pipelining, co-operations and contentions, synchronizations, etc.), interfacing and communications, and alternative architectures (eg. RISC/CICS, VLIV, Superscarlar, Systolic, etc.)

Prerequisite: Computer Science 3724.

3731. Numerical Methods (F). The development of algorithms for the numerical solution of mathematical problems and the study of the numerical stability of these algorithms are the main objectives of this course. The efficiency of these algorithms with respect to speed and storage requirements is considered as well. Emphasis is also placed on the study of the sensitivity of selected problems to perturbations in the data. There is also a brief introduction to the development of numerical algorithms that take advantage of advanced computer architectures, such as pipeline processors, array processors and parallel processors.

Prerequisites: Computer Science 2602, 2700 or 2710 and Mathematics 2000.
Consent of the Head of Department is required if Computer Science prerequisites are not met.

NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both Computer Science 3731 and Applied Mathematics 3132.

3740. Abstract Machines, Languages and Computations (F) & (W). This course introduces students to formal grammars and languages, including context-free grammars, pushdown automata, Turing machines and computability. Decision problems and elements of computational complexity are also introduced.

Prerequisite: Computer Science 2711 and 2741.

3751. Computational Aspects of Operations Research (W). Integer Programmming; transportation problem; trans-shipment problem; assignment problem. Network analysis: shortest route, network flow, critical path.

Prerequisite: Computer Science 3711 and Mathematics 2050.

3753. Computational Aspects of Linear Programming (W). An introduction to the Linear Programming Problem (LPP). The emphasis is placed upon developing the most recent and numerically reliable algorithms for the solution of the Linear Programming Problem. The numerical stability of these algorithms will be examined as well. Geometric understanding of the LPP. Simplex method for the LPP. Sparse matrix LPP. Duality and postoptimality analysis. Extensions to the simplex algorithm. Principles of interior algorithms for the LPP.

Prerequisite: Mathematics 2050 and one of Computer Science 2700, 2710, 2602 or the former 2800.

3790. Directed Readings.

NOTE: Permission of the Head of the Department is required prior to registration for this course.

FOURTH YEAR COURSES

4711. Structure of Programming Languages (F). Programming language design considerations; syntactic and semantic structure; survey of typical features and operations; analysis of facilities for control and data structuring; language extensibility; execution models; formal specification of programming languages.

Prerequisite: Computer Science 3740.

4712. Compiler Construction (W). Properties of formal grammars and languages; syntax-directed parsing and code generation; top-down and bottom-up parsing methods; LL(k) and LR(k) grammars and parsers; Code optimization; compiler writing tools.

Prerequisite: Computer Science 3714.

4715-4719 (excluding 4718). Special Topics in Programming Languages.

Prerequisite: Consent of Head of Department.

4718. Software Methodology (F). This course studies topics associated with the design and implementation of large software systems. Social and ethical issues faced by the computing professional are also discussed in the context of software engineering. In addition to class lectures, this course includes a compulsory three hour laboratory per week.

Prerequisite: Computer Science 3711 and 3714.

4721. Operating Systems Principles (W). Forms and characteristics of operating systems, the process and data modules, memory management, management of names, input-output, protection, resource allocation.

Prerequisite: Computer Science 3725.

4723. Introduction to Microprocessors (F). The architecture and instruction sets for several microprocessors are examined. The use of microprocessors as device controllers; comparisons of hardware and programmed techniques; microprocessor interfacing with external devices; methods of I/O; bus structures; modern microprocessor support devices are discussed.

Prerequisites: Computer Science 3724 and either Computer Science 3723 or Physics 2552.
Lecture: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Minimum of three hours per week. Practical experience with basic principles will be obtained through laboratory experience.

4725. Introduction to LSI Design (W). A simple model for MOS transistors is described and simple models for describing digital switching circuits are developed. Methods of structured design for MOS integrated circuits are discussed, together with the physical processes involved in the construction of modern large-scale integrated (LSI) circuits. Software tools for the design of such devices and techniques for testing LSI devices for possible implementation are introduced.

Prerequisites: Computer Science 3723, Computer Science 3725.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

NOTE: Credit cannot be received for both Computer Science 4725 and Engineering 8863.

4726-4729. Special Topics in Computer Systems.

Prerequisite: Consent of Head of Department.

4734. Matrix Computations and Applications (W). An introduction to linear algebra; solution to linear systems; scaling, improving and estimating accuracy; the linear least squares problem; the eigenvalue problem; singular value decomposition of a matrix; the generalized eigenvalue problem.

Prerequisite: Computer Science 3731.

NOTE: Students who have received credit for Computer Science 3732 may not receive credit for Computer Science 4734.

4735. Advanced Matrix Computations and Applications (F). Continuation of Computer Science 4734. Advanced topics related to the eigenproblem, singular value problem and generalized eigenvalue problems. Applications of matrix computations in estimation and control theory.

4736-4739. Special Topics in Numerical Computations.

Prerequisite: Consent of Head of Department.

4740. Design and Analysis of Algorithms (F). Basic steps in the complete development of an algorithm; design methods and estimating efficiency of algorithms. Study of some efficient algorithms in sorting and searching, graph theory, pattern matching, set manipulation and linear algebra. Introduction to complexity theory.

Prerequisite: Computer Science 3711.

4741. Formal Languages and Automata Theory (W). Definition and representation of finite state automata and sequential machines. Equivalence of states and machines, congruence, reduced machines, and analysis and synthesis of machines. Decision problems of finite automata, partitions with the substitution property, probabilistic automata. Turing machines. Wang machines and others, Godel numbering and unsolvability results, the halting problem.

Prerequisite: Computer Science 3740.

4745-4749. Special Topics in Theoretical Aspects.

Prerequisite: Consent of Head of Department.

4751. Computer Graphics (F). Display devices, display processors, display file compilers, display transformations, structured display files, graphical input devices, perspective, hidden line elimination, languages and graphics systems.

In addition to three one-hour lectures, there will be a minimum three hour laboratory per week, to be scheduled by the Department.

Prerequisite: Computer Science 3711 and Mathematics 2050.

4753. Introduction to Artificial Intelligence (F). One or more AI programming languages; problem solving-state space, heuristic search theory; game-playing-game trees, minimax analysis, Alpha-Beta search, examination of several game-playing programmes; pattern perception-scene analysis, picture enhancement, line detection, perception of regions and objects.

Prerequisite: Computer Science 3711.
Recommended: Computer Science 3710.

4754. Data Base Systems (F). Data Base as a new approach to data processing; survey of 3 different types of data base systems: relational, hierarchical and network; security and integrity; comparison studies of some existing systems.

Prerequisite: Computer Science 3725.

4755-4769 (excluding 4756). Special Topics in Applications.

Prerequisite: Consent of Head of Department.

4756. Image Processing (W). Lectures will centre on the key analytical and algorithmic tools and concepts of digital image processing. Topics will include Transformations, Enhancement, Encoding, Data Bases, Segmentation and Description.

In addition to three one-hour lectures, there will be a three hour laboratory per week, to be scheduled by the Department.

Prerequisite: Computer Science 3711.

4780. Honours Project.

EARTH SCIENCES

PROGRAMMES IN EARTH SCIENCES

The following undergraduate programmes are available:

120 credit hour programmes

- Honours or General degrees in Earth Sciences
- Joint Major in Earth Sciences/Physics

135 credit hour programmes

- Joint Honours in Earth Sciences/Physics
- Joint Honours in Biology and Earth Sciences
- Joint Honours in Earth Sciences/Chemistry
- Joint Honours in Geography/Earth Sciences

24 credit hour programme

- Minor in Earth Sciences

Although Honours programmes can be completed in 120 credit hours, students who do not select the prescribed common block of required courses will normally need more than 120 credit hours to satisfy degree requirements.

Details of joint programmes are given after the Faculty of Science Honours B.Sc. regulations.

ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS

In order to be formally admitted to major programmes in Earth Sciences, students must have successfully completed three first-year credit hours in each of the following departments: English, Mathematics, Earth Sciences, Chemistry and Physics; these courses must be selected from the list of required courses for degree programmes in Earth Sciences. Students are encouraged to declare their major in their first year of study at the university.

Most of the 2000-level Earth Sciences courses that are required for major and minor programmes in Earth Sciences have Physics and Chemistry prerequisites, and students are advised to complete these prerequisites in their first year of study.

MINOR IN EARTH SCIENCES

A Minor in Earth Sciences will consist of the following:

a) Earth Sciences 1000, 1001, 2030, 2031, 2310.

b) Nine credit hours chosen from Earth Sciences courses 2400, 2502, 2503, 3053, 3170, 3172, 3179, 3210, 3400, 3600, 3611, 3701, 3811, 4610, 4302, 4901, 4902, 4903. At least three of these credit hours must be from courses at 3000-level or higher.

Several of the courses at 3000-level or higher have Earth Sciences 2502 or 2503 as prerequisites.

MAJOR PROGRAMMES IN EARTH SCIENCES

Programmes in Earth Sciences consist of a common block of required courses (below), and additional courses that depend on the degree being sought.

COMMON BLOCK OF REQUIRED COURSES

All majors in Earth Sciences must complete those courses specified in points (a) through (d). Students should examine prerequisites of 3000-level courses in order to decide which course to select under points (c) and (d).

a) English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalent), Mathematics 1000* and 1001, Earth Sciences 1000 and 1001, Chemistry 1000 and 1001, Physics 1050* and 1054*.
b) Earth Sciences 2030, 2031, 2310, 2502.
c) Mathematics 2000 or Statistics 2510.
d) Biology 2120 (or Biology 1001 and 1002), or Physics 2055.

*Some students may find it necessary or desirable to substitute Mathematics 1080 and 1081, and/or Physics 1020 and 1021 for specified first-year Mathematics and Physics requirements. Students pursuing a geophysics specialization within Earth Sciences, if they elect to take Physics 1020 and 1021, must also complete Physics 1054 as a prerequisite for higher level Physics courses. If these alternate course combinations are selected, the number of courses required to satisfy point (a) may exceed ten. For Honours B.Sc. programmes, students who complete such additional courses under point (a) will only be able to graduate after completing more than 40 courses (120 credit hours). For General B.Sc. programmes, such additional courses under point (a) count as credits toward the 40 course (120 credit hours) degree.

Students must ensure that the prerequisites for Earth Sciences courses are fulfilled. Great difficulties in timetabling may be encountered if the required first-year courses are not completed before the beginning of second year.

HONOURS B.SC. DEGREE IN EARTH SCIENCES

Geoscientific careers vary widely in required background. The Honours B.Sc. programme is designed with considerable choice in order that students may personalize their programmes based on career goals. Note that the flexibility afforded by this programme is not without limits. Some courses have prerequisites, and it is ultimately the student's responsibility to ensure that these prerequisites are satisfied. Students should consult faculty members and the departmental Student Handbook for guidance in selecting courses appropriate to particular career paths.

In addition to the common block of required courses, the following requirements must be completed to qualify for the Honours B.Sc. degree in Earth Sciences:

e) Earth Sciences 499A and 499B.
f) Thirty-six additional credit hours from Earth Sciences courses, of which at least eighteen credit hours must be from courses at 3000-level and at least twelve credit hours must be from courses at 4000-level. Credit hours from Earth Sciences 2150, 2914, 2915, 4310 and 4950 cannot be used to fulfil this requirement.
g) Twelve credit hours from Science Faculty courses numbered 2000 or higher, no more than six credit hours of which may be Earth Sciences courses. Biology 3811 and Physics 2050 are excluded.
h) Additional credit hours from courses from departments in the Faculties of Arts or Science so as to achieve a total of 120 credit hours for the honours degree. Earth Sciences 2150, 2914 and 2915 are eligible additional courses. Mathematics 1080 and 1081; and Physics 1020, 1021 and 1054 are all excluded as additional courses; these courses can only be used to satisfy point (a) of the common block of required courses. Students are encouraged to complete a minor in another department.

GENERAL B.Sc. DEGREE IN EARTH SCIENCES

In addition to the common block of required courses, the following requirements must be completed to qualify for the General B.Sc. degree in Earth Sciences:

e) Twenty-seven additional credit hours from Earth Sciences courses, of which at least fifteen credit hours must be from courses at 3000-level and at least nine credit hours must be from courses at 4000-level. Credit hours from Earth Sciences 2150, 2914, 2915, 4310, 4950 and 499A/B cannot be used to fulfill this requirement.
f) Twelve credit hours from Science Faculty courses numbered 2000 or higher, no more than six credit hours of which may be from Earth Sciences courses. Biology 3811 is excluded.
g) Additional credit hours from courses from departments in the Faculties of Arts or Science so as to achieve a total of 120 credit hours for the general degree. Earth Sciences 2150, 2914, 2915, 4950 and 499A/B are eligible additional courses. Students are encouraged to complete a minor in another department.

Students are advised that this is the minimum requirement for the General B.Sc. in Earth Sciences. Many provinces, including Newfoundland and Labrador, have legislation requiring registration of professional geoscientists. A basic requirement for registration is, in most cases, the course equivalent of an Honours B.Sc. degree. Students intending to make a career in Earth Sciences should consider taking the Honours Degree programme of courses, regardless of whether honours standing is maintained.

TABLE OF CREDIT RESTRICTIONS FOR PRESENT EARTH SCIENCES COURSES WITH FORMER COURSES

CREDIT MAY BE OBTAINED FOR ONLY THREE CREDIT HOURS FROM EACH OF THE PRESENT AND FORMER EQUIVALENTS LISTED IN THIS TABLE

PRESENT
FORMER EQUIVALENTS
ES 1000 ES 1010, GEOL 1000, GEOL 1010
ES 1001 ES 1011, GEOL 1001, GEOL 1011
ES 2030 ES 203A, GEOL 203A
ES 2031 ES 203B, GEOL 203B
ES 2150 PHYS 2150
ES 2400 ES 2161, ES 2070, PHYS 2070
ES 2310 ES 2300, ES 2900, GEOL 2900
ES 2502 ES 2501, ES 3200, GEOL 3200
ES 2914 ES 2414, GEOL 2414
ES 2915 ES 2415, GEOL 2415
ES 3053 ES 3050, ES 3052, GEOL 3050
ES 3161 ES 3160, PHYS 3160
ES 3170 PHYS 3170
ES 3172 ES 3171, PHYS 3171
ES 3210 GEOL 3210
ES 3400 ES 3120, GEOL 3120
ES 3611 ES 4611
ES 3701 ES 3070, GEOL 3070
ES 3811 ES 3801, ES 2801, GEOL 2801
ES 4053 GEOL 4053
ES 4054 ES 4052, GEOL 4052
ES 4160 PHYS 4160
ES 4171 PHYS 4171
ES 4179 ES 4970, PHYS 4970
ES 4211 GEOL 4211
ES 4302 ES 4501, GEOL 4501
ES 4310 GEOL 4310
ES 4312 ES 4311, ES 4111
ES 4901 ES 4320, ES 400A, GEOL 400A
ES 4400 ES 4120, GEOL 4120
ES 4502 ES 4201, GEOL 4201
ES 4601 GEOL 4601
ES 4700 GEOL 4700
ES 4800 ES 4110, GEOL 4110
ES 499A/B ES 4991, GEOL 4991

GENERAL NOTES FOR ALL EARTH SCIENCES PROGRAMMES AND COURSES

NOTES: 1) Students wishing to pursue study within the programmes offered by Earth Sciences are strongly advised to keep in close contact with the Department to discuss course programmes before attempting telephone registration in order to maintain a proper sequencing.

2) Students wishing to take some Earth Sciences courses without intending to major in Earth Sciences should consult with the Head of Department to determine the courses most suitable to their needs and capabilities. Earth Sciences 2914, 2915 and 2150 are especially suitable for such students and have no Earth Sciences prerequisites.

3) Most courses comprise six hours of instruction per week, usually three hours of lectures or seminars and a three-hour laboratory period; however, at an advanced level other methods of instruction may be adopted.

4) Courses 2310, 3400, 3600 and 3701 have compulsory field components held immediately before the first week of the fall semester. The field components for courses 3400, 3600 and 3701 are integrated into a single field school. Additional field experience is available to students who enroll in Earth Sciences 4905, which has prerequisites of Earth Sciences 3053 and 3400. The field component for course 2310, the integrated field school at third-year level, and the field course 4905 each require payment of a participation fee to cover costs for logistics and equipment. Students who intend to participate in field components or the field course 4905 must consult with instructors for details well in advance of attempting telephone registration. In the fall semester of third and fourth years, a number of full-day field exercises are normally run by swapping Earth Sciences lecture and laboratory slots.

5) The prerequisites for courses 4302, 4902 and 4903 refer to core courses in the Faculty of Science. For the purposes of these prerequisite statements, core courses are defined as those courses that are specified by each department as mandatory to fulfil the course requirements for their General or Honours programmes.

6) Certain of the 4000-level courses may not be offered every year.

COURSE LIST

The first digit of each course number designates the level (year) of the course. The second digit indicates the area of Earth Sciences into which the course best fits, as follows:

Second Digit

0 - mineralogy and petrology
1 - geophysics
2 - economic geology
3 - stratigraphy and marine geology
4 - structural geology and tectonics
5 - geochemistry
6 - technical fields and petroleum geology
7 - sedimentation, geomorphology
8 - paleontology
9 - general and dissertation

FIRST YEAR

1000. Earth Systems. A survey of the structure, function and interrelations of Earth's lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere. Topics include an exploration of the physical and chemical properties of planetary materials, forces driving and sustaining Earth systems, and biological modifiers (including humankind) on the Earth today.

Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratories: Three hours per week.

1001. Evolution of Earth Systems. Earth's present structure and environment, the product of 4.5 billion years of planetary evolution, are explored from the rock and fossil record. Examples, illustrated with rocks, fossils and maps, are selected from the geological history of North America, with particular emphasis on Newfoundland and Labrador.

Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratories: Three hours per week.
Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 1000.

SECOND YEAR

2030. Mineralogy (F). (Same as former Earth Sciences 203A). Introduction to crystallography and the structure of minerals; introduction to crystal optics; study of the rock forming minerals and minerals of economic significance. Laboratory work comprises study of the structures and symmetries of minerals, chemistry of rock forming minerals, introduction to transmitted light microscopy of rocks, hand specimen recognition of common rocks and minerals.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 1000, Chemistry 1001. Physics 1054 (or Physics 1021) and its Mathematics prerequisite are strongly recommended.
Co-requisite: Earth Sciences 2502.

NOTE: See credit restriction under Earth Sciences 2031 below.

2031. Mineralogy and Petrography (W). (Same as former Earth Sciences 203B). Further study of crystal optics; rock forming minerals and their occurrence; application of phase equilibrium studies to minerals; introduction to igneous and metamorphic rocks. Laboratory work comprises optical mineralogy, interpretation of petrological phase diagrams, introduction to the petrography of igneous and metamorphic rocks.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2030, 2502.

NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both Earth Sciences 203A/B and one or both of Earth Sciences 2030 and 2031.

2150. The Solar System (F) (W). Basic astronomy of the Solar System, tracing the search to understand motion of the Sun, Moon and planets in the sky; modern observations of planets, moons, comets, asteroids and meteorites and what they tell us about the origin and evolution of the Solar System.

Prerequisite: Mathematics 1000 (or 1081).

NOTE: Earth Sciences 2150 is designed for students taking Earth Sciences as an elective subject and may only be used as a non-Science elective for Earth Sciences Majors and Earth Sciences Honours students.

2310. Interpretation of Maps and Sections in Earth Sciences (F). An introduction to the concepts and methods of recording and interpreting data using geological maps, aerial photographs, satellite images, geophysical techniques and lithological sections; basic principles of stratigraphy, and the economic applications of maps and remote sensing. This course includes a compulsory field school immediately preceding the start of the Fall Semester, and has a laboratory component.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 1001, Mathematics 1000 (or Mathematics 1081), Physics 1054 (or Physics 1021), and permission of the Head of Department.

NOTES: 1) This course is normally only available to declared Earth Sciences majors, joint majors, and minors.

2) Credit may not be obtained for both Earth Sciences 2310 and the former Earth Sciences 2300.

2400. Plate Tectonics (W). The concepts of plate dynamics and associated geological processes based on modern observations, and their application to the geological record. Laboratories will include the use of computer modelling techniques and an introduction to the relationship of physical environments of rock formation with plate tectonic setting.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 1000, Chemistry 1001, Mathematics 1000 (or Mathematics 1081), Physics 1054 (or Physics 1021).

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Earth Sciences 2400 and the former Earth Sciences 2161.

2502. Geochemistry of Earth Materials I (F). The course provides an overview of geochemistry including the origin and classification of elements, radioactivity and geologic time, and chemical differentiation of the solar system and solid Earth. The geochemistry of oceans, atmosphere, sediments and sedimentary rocks, and geochemical cycling and mixing at all scales also will be discussed. This course has a laboratory component that emphasizes analytical geochemistry skills.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 1000, Chemistry 1001.

2503. Geochemistry of Earth Materials II (W). The course builds on material from ES 2502 focusing on the transfer of mass and energy in geochemical systems. Topics to be covered include phase equilibria and their applications to magmas, metamorphic and sedimentary systems and geochemical fluids. Application of kinetic principles to these systems also will be presented. This course has a laboratory component that emphasizes problem solving and computer simulation.

Prerequisites: EITHER Earth Sciences 2502; OR Earth Sciences 1000, Chemistry 2210, and Chemistry 2300.

2914. Natural Resources and the Past (F). (Same as former Geology 2414 and Earth Sciences 2414). An analysis of the Earth's physical environment and resources, and the history of man's exploitation of them; emphasis is placed on insights provided by Earth Sciences into the contemporary human predicament.

NOTE: Earth Sciences 2914 is designed for students taking Earth Sciences as an elective subject. This course complements traditional disciplines such as history, economics, and political science and should be of particular interest to teachers. This course may only be used as a non-science elective for Earth Sciences Major and Earth Sciences Honours students.

2915. Natural Resources and the Future (W). (Same as former Geology 2415 and Earth Sciences 2415). A survey of pressures on the Earth's natural resources and policies for their management; special attention is given to the role of energy in society.

NOTE: Earth Sciences 2915 is designed for students taking Earth Sciences as an elective subject. This course complements traditional disciplines such as history, economics, and political science and should be of particular interest to teachers. This course may only be used as a non-science elective for Earth Sciences Majors and Earth Sciences Honours students.

THIRD YEAR

3053. Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology (F). Petrography and petrology of igneous and metamorphic rocks; fractionation and differentiation of common igneous rocks; metamorphic reactions and mineral assemblages of common metamorphic rocks; microstructures of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Laboratories include hand specimen and thin section studies and simple phase diagram problems.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2031 and Earth Sciences 2502 (or Chemistry 2300).

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Earth Sciences 3053 and any of the former Earth Sciences 3050, 3051 or 3052.

3170. Exploration Geophysics I (W). Fundamentals of seismic energy transmission in the Earth; basic methods in seismic exploration - data acquisition, processing and interpretation for refraction and reflection surveys; fundamentals of gravity and magnetic data acquisition, processing and interpretation; introduction to gravity and magnetic modelling. This course has a laboratory component.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2310; Mathematics 2000 or Statistics 2510.

3172. Exploration Geophysics II (F). Introduction to electrical and electromagnetic methods in geophysics applied in mineral exploration, petroleum well logging and environmental studies, and examples of application of various techniques; use of data processing and modelling techniques in interpretation; introduction to radiometric methods used in mineral and petroleum exploration. This course has a laboratory component.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2310; Mathematics 2000 or Statistics 2510.

3179. Geophysical Analysis. Vector Calculus; curvilinear coordinates; line, surface and volume integration; integral theorems; the derivation and application of geophysically important partial differential equations - Laplace's equation to the Earth's gravity and magnetic fields, the diffusion equation to the Earth's heat flow, and the wave equation to electromagnetic and seismological phenomena; geophysical uses of Legendre functions; Fourier analysis in geophysics; introductory Cartesian tensors. This course has a laboratory component to familiarize the student with practical applications of the tools discussed.

Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratories: Three hours per week.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 2000, Mathematics 2050, Physics 2055.

3210. Economic Mineral Deposits (W). An introduction to the study of mineral deposits and definition of the basic physio-chemical parameters of ore deposit formation. The course involves a systematic review of genetic models for the principal types of metallic mineral deposits, and links these models to a common theme of the relationship between lithosphere-hydrosphere-biosphere interactions and metallogeny. Laboratory exercises involve examination of representative suites of samples from different types of metallic mineral deposits and provide an introduction to the use of reflected light microscopy.

Prerequisites: EITHER Earth Sciences 2031, 2310 and 2502; OR Earth Sciences 2031 and Chemistry 3211; OR Engineering 3610 and Engineering 3205.

3400. Structural Geology (F). (Same as former Geology 3120 and Earth Sciences 3120). Introduction to basic concepts; the physics of rock deformation, the classification and descriptive geometry of major and minor structures and their relationship to stress and strain. Laboratory work will concentrate on analysis of structural orientation data, and the analysis of structures in geological maps and cross-sections. This course requires, as part of its laboratory component, satisfactory completion of the one-week third-year field school which takes place immediately preceding the start of the fall semester.

Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 2310.

3600. Environmental Geology (F). The application of basic concepts and fundamental principles of geochemistry in evaluating natural and human-induced change through time on the interaction of the Earth's lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere; includes the effects of contaminants and resource exploitation on the natural environment. Laboratory time will be used for short field-based studies and for exercises examining the effects of contaminants on global change. This course requires, as part of its laboratory component, satisfactory completion of the one-week third-year field school which takes place immediately preceding the start of the fall semester.

Prerequisites: EITHER Earth Sciences 2502; OR Earth Sciences 1000, Chemistry 2210 and Chemistry 2300.

3611. Engineering Geology (W). Basic concepts in soil, rock and fracture mechanics; classification of soil, rock and rock masses; special topics include the engineering and environmental aspects and issues of: slope development and underground excavations in soils and rocks; the development of hydroelectric and irrigation projects; the nuclear fuel cycle; resource developments in sensitive terrains. This course includes a laboratory component.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 3400 and 3600, or permission of instructor.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Earth Sciences 3611 and the former Earth Sciences 4611.

3701. Sedimentology (F). (Same as former Geology 3070 and Earth Sciences 3070). A study of the origin, composition and diagenesis of sediments and selected modern environments of deposition. Laboratories involve local field trips and the study of hand samples and thin sections of sedimentary rocks. This course requires, as part of its laboratory component, satisfactory completion of the one-week third-year field school which takes place immediately preceding the start of the fall semester.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2310 and 2031.

3811. Paleontology (W). An outline of the major changes in life forms from Archean times through the Phanerozoic to the present day, including details of invertebrate and vertebrate faunas and major floral groups; mechanisms and effects of mega-, macro- and microevolution in the fossil record; biology and classification of organisms and summaries of their geological significance in biostratigraphy, paleoecology and rock-building; relationships between major cycles of evolution and extinction to global processes. This course has a laboratory component.

Prerequisites: EITHER Earth Sciences 1001 and Biology 2120 (or Biology 1001 and 1002), OR Biology 2122 and 2210.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Earth Sciences 3811 and Biology 3811, or either the former Earth Sciences 3801 or Biology 3800.

FOURTH YEAR

NOTE: Not all Fourth Year courses may be offered every year.

4053. Petrogenesis of Igneous Rocks. Phase equilibria in the major classes of igneous rocks; the production, ascent and differentiation of magmas; the variation in chemistry of individual magmatic classes with tectonic setting; the variation in eruptive styles and products with different magma systems. This course has a laboratory component.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2503, 3053 and 3400.

4054. Mineralogy and Metamorphic Petrology. Equilibrium thermo-dynamics and reaction kinetics as applied to mineralogy and metamorphic petrology; the interpretation of PTX conditions and rate-controlling mechanisms from mineral assemblages. Laboratories include use of XRD and electron-probe methods to collect data for use in calculations of the conditions of formation of metamorphic mineral assemblages.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2503, 3053 and 3400.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Earth Sciences 4054 and either of the former Earth Sciences 4030 or 4052.

4160. Solid Earth Physics. Advanced treatment of the gravity and magnetic fields of the Earth; body and surface waves, free oscillations; electrical, thermal and mechanical transport properties of the Earth.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 3161, 3179 and Physics 3821.

4171. Exploration Geophysics III. Techniques involved in the processing and interpretation of multichannel seismic reflection data, including muting, filtering, velocity analysis, normal moveout corrections, binning, stacking and migration. Laboratory-based assignments demonstrate the typical steps involved in processing data.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 3170, 3179, 4179 and Applied/Pure Mathematics 3260.

4173. Exploration Geophysics IV. Advanced techniques in electrical and electromagnetic exploration methods including advanced IP, airborne EM surveys, EM and IP modelling, and inversion techniques; advanced methods in gravity and magnetic field exploration techniques including 2-D and 3-D modelling and inversion, map processing techniques, and excess mass determination. This course has a laboratory component.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 3170, 3172 and 3179; Physics 3500.

4179. Digital Signal Processing. Introduction to the theory and basic computational techniques of digital signal processing in geophysics. Topics covered include: sampling, Fourier transformation, design and application of digital filters, deconvolution, spectral analysis, two dimensional signal processing, with emphasis on geophysical applications.

Prerequisite: Either Earth Sciences 3170, 3172 or 3179.

4211. Economic Geology. A detailed look at the methodologies and techniques used in the study of mineral deposits and their applications in case histories. Laboratory exercises involve solving problem sets using the various types of data from selected case studies.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2503 and 3210.

4302. Advanced Marine Geology. The geology and geophysics of ocean basins; discussion of methods of oceanic exploration, the history and development of ocean basins, interrelationships between ocean water, marine organisms, sedimentary and igneous processes.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 1001 and completion of any 15 credit hours in core courses at the 3000-level (see General Note 5 above) in Biology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Earth Sciences, Physics, or Geography.

4310. Earth Science Concepts, Materials and Techniques for Archaeologists. This course will provide Archaeology students with geological information to apply to problems encountered during the course of their work; Newfoundland material will be emphasized; topics covered will include field techniques, rock and mineral identification, petrographic analysis, x-ray, geochemical and geophysical techniques, stratigraphy, and late- and post-glacial history of Newfoundland. This course includes a laboratory component.

NOTE: Entry to this course is restricted primarily to Anthropology Majors, and permission of the Head of the Department of Earth Sciences is required. It may not be used as a credit by Earth Sciences Majors or Honours students.

4312. Advanced Topics in Stratigraphy. A lecture and seminar course to illustrate ongoing problems related to the definition and correlation of system boundaries with major faunal turnovers, global physical events, radiometric dating, magnetostratigraphy and chemostratigraphy.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 3600 and 3811.

4400. Advanced Techniques in Structural Geology. Modern techniques of structural analysis applied to fold and fault systems including progressive deformation and strain analysis, fold mechanisms, fold morphology and classification, fold sections and profiles, superposed folding, fault geometry and morphology, brittle and ductile shear zones, and construction of balanced cross-sections. This course includes a laboratory component.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 3400 and 4901.

4502. Advanced Geochemistry. An analysis of the chemical fluxes and mass balances within the Earth, focusing on geochemical modelling of Earth processes; includes applications of radiogenic and stable isotope geochemistry.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2503, 3053 and 3600.

4503. Mineral Exploration Geochemistry. An examination of the application of geochemistry to mineral exploration, covering: the chemical characteristics of ore deposits and element dispersion from them; the principles of sampling and analysis in exploration geochemistry; approaches to the statistical analysis, graphical presentation, and interpretation of survey results; and the design of effective geochemical surveys. Particular emphasis will be placed on exploration in glaciated terranes. Laboratory/seminar sessions involve working with exemplary data sets, using both graphical and computer-based techniques.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2503 and 3210.

4601. Petroleum Origin and Occurrence. The origin, migration, accumulation and exploration of petroleum resources, emphasizing typical reservoir styles, potential reservoir lithologies, geological and geophysical methods of exploration, and basic concepts of formation evaluation. This course includes a laboratory component.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2502, 3701 and 3170 (or 3172).

4610. Hydrogeology. Geology and its relationship to groundwater occurrence and exploitation: basic theory, groundwater flow systems, surface-groundwater interactions and changes in water quality, field and laboratory techniques, hydrogeological aspects of waste disposal and resource development. This course includes a laboratory component.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2502 or permission of instructor.

4700. Sedimentary Environments and Facies Models. A detailed examination of recent carbonate and clastic sedimentary environments, formulation of facies models and application of this knowledge to the geological record. Laboratory time includes local excursions and seminars.

Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 3701.

4702. Applied Quaternary Geology. Processes and sedimentary facies in glacial, peri-glacial and associated non-glacial environments; Quaternary stratigraphy and chronology; practical applications including surfical mapping. Laboratory time includes local excursions.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 3701, 3811; Geography 3150.

4800. Advanced Paleontology. (Same as former Geology 4110 and Earth Sciences 4110). A lecture, laboratory and seminar course dealing with selected topics in general paleontology, including evolution, sources of ontogenetic variation, population paleontology, functional morphology, paleoecology, and statistical methods employed in paleontological studies.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 3811, and Statistics 2510 or Mathematics 2000.

4901. Tectonic Regimes (F). A lecture and seminar course describing the tectonic regimes of the lithosphere, with emphasis on the interactions of structure, sedimentology, igneous-metamorphic petrology and paleogeography; topics covered include stress and deformation of the lithosphere, and the evolution of passive, conservative and active margins; regional examples will stress North American geology.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 3053, 3400 and 3701.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Earth Sciences 4901 and the former Earth Sciences 4320.

4902. Early Evolution of the Earth (F). A lecture and seminar course concerned with the segregation of the blue planet from the solar nebula and its differentiation into atmosphere, crust, mantle and core, followed by the interaction of these elements to produce the hydrosphere; topics include the thermal evolution of the Earth, and crust-mantle-core interactions.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 1000 and completion of any 15 credit hours in core courses at the 3000-level (see General Note 5 above) in Biology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Earth Sciences, or Physics; or permission of instructor.

4903. Global Change (W). A lecture and seminar course that studies the interaction of the atmosphere, biosphere and lithosphere; topics covered include the evolution of the biosphere, fluid circulation, global geochemical budget, global environmental changes, and chemical evolution of the hydrosphere.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 1001, Biology 2120 (or Biology 1001 and 1002), and completion of any 15 credit hours in core courses at the 3000-level (see General Note 5 above) in Biology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Earth Sciences, or Physics; or permission of instructor.

4905. Field Course in Geological Mapping and Regional Tectonics (F). A two-week field school designed to allow application of techniques introduced in the third year, and to provide an introduction to the Appalachian geology of western and central Newfoundland. Reports must be submitted for grading during the fall semester. The course may be taken by others with the permission of the Head of the Department.

Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 3053 and 3400.

4910-4920. Special Topics in Earth Sciences. Lecture and seminar courses given for undergraduates in their fourth or fifth year who wish to gain more specialized knowledge in a particular field of Earth Sciences than is possible through the standard course offerings. The Department will consider suggestions by students for Special Topics courses, but it must be borne in mind that such a course should normally be approved at least three months before the start of the semester in which it is to be taken.

Prerequisites: Permission of the Head of Department.

4950. Technical Report on Geoscience Employment. Preparation of a publication-quality technical report, about 50 pages in length, based on a study undertaken during geoscience employment. The topic and scope of the study must be approved by the Head of Department prior to its commencement. The same study cannot be used as the basis of a dissertation completed for course ES499A/B. Students will present a seminar or seminars on results of the project, and will be closely advised on proper organization and writing of scientific reports. Some directed reading will be required. This course can only be used as an "additional course" under point (g) of the regulations for General degrees, and under point (h) of the regulations for Honours degrees.

Prerequisites: Completion of nine credit hours in Earth Sciences at 3000-level, and permission of the Head of Department.

499A & 499B. Dissertation. A six-credit hour linked course based on independent study of an approved problem in the Earth Sciences. The subject of study will be decided in consultation with Faculty Advisors and must be approved in advance by the Head of Department. The dissertation cannot be based on the same study used to obtain credit for Earth Sciences 4950. The dissertation is obligatory for Honours students, but may be taken as Science credits by General students with permission of the Head. The first semester will normally involve directed reading, supervised laboratory work, and preparation of a dissertation outline. The second semester will be devoted to data synthesis and interpretation, and to preparation of a formal written report accompanied by appropriate illustrations, to be submitted for grading no later than a formal examination period early in the university examination schedule.

GEOGRAPHY

For Departmental Regulations and Course Descriptions, see Faculty of Arts section of the Calendar.

MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS

PROGRAMMES IN MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS

From the point of view of degree regulations, APPLIED MATHEMATICS, PURE MATHEMATICS and STATISTICS are considered to be one subject area.

The following undergraduate programmes are available in the Department:

a) Major in Applied Mathematics (B.Sc. only)
b) Major in Pure Mathematics
c) Major in Statistics
d) Honours in Applied Mathematics (B.Sc. only)
e) Honours in Pure Mathematics
f) Honours in Statistics
g) Minor in Mathematics
h) Minor in Statistics
i) Pure Mathematics/Statistics Joint Honours
j) Pure Mathematics/Computer Science Joint Major (B.Sc. only)
k) Statistics/Computer Science Joint Major (B.Sc. only)
l) Applied Mathematics/Chemistry Joint Honours (B.Sc. only)
m) Applied Mathematics/Physics Joint Honours (B.Sc. only)
n) Pure Mathematics/Computer Science Joint Honours (B.Sc. only)
o) Statistics/Computer Science Joint Honours (B.Sc. only)
p) Statistics/Biology Joint Honours (B.Sc. only)

Details of programmes (i) through (p) are given after the Honours B.Sc. regulations.

REGULATIONS

1) The department administers a skills diagnostic called the Math Skills Inventory (MSI). It may be written only once, normally in the Spring or in the Fall. Consult the department for exact times and locations. The MSI may be used by students to assess preparedness for university mathematics courses and it is one way for students completing high school (Academic) Mathematics 3200 or 3203 to qualify for entry to Math 1080. See the Math 1080 calendar listing below for complete prerequisites.

2) With the exception of students who graduate in the B.Ed. programme in Primary or Elementary Education, no student will receive credit for more than nine credit hours in Mathematics from the following list: 1000, 1031, 1050, 1051, 1080, 1081, 1150, 1151.

3) Of the required Applied Mathematics, Pure Mathematics, and Statistics courses in any Major or Joint Major programme, no more than two shall be at the 1000 level.

4) In the programme descriptions that follow, M 1000 may be replaced by M 1081.

5) Credit may be obtained for only one of Statistics 2500, 2510, Statistics 2550 and Psychology 2900. Credit may be obtained for only one of Statistics 2501, 2511, 2560 and Psychology 2901. Credit may be obtained for only one of Statistics 3520 and Psychology 3900.

6) Students with credits in Mathematics or Statistics not listed in this Calendar must consult the department for equivalency before taking any course listed below.

7) The former Mathematics 1150 and Mathematics 1151 were courses designed specifically for students who intended to graduate with a degree in Primary or Elementary Education. No other students can receive credit for these courses. These courses are not acceptable as alternatives to any other First Year Mathematics course listed in this calendar. Students who have received credit for Education 125 or Mathematics 115/125 cannot receive additional credit for the former Mathematics 1150 or Mathematics 1151 or the current M 1050 or M 1051.

FACULTY ADVISORS

Each student registered in any programme listed above (except for a Minor) will be assigned a FACULTY ADVISOR. Each student's programme must be planned with the advice of the Faculty Advisor before presentation to the Head of the Department or his delegate, for approval.

NOTE: The Department of Mathematics and Statistics will endeavour to give appropriate advice to students registered in its programmes. However, the department points out that it is the responsibility of the student to see that his or her academic programme meets the University's regulations in all respects. Students are referred to the University's General Regulations, item I. The department accepts no responsibility for any matter arising from an inappropriate and/or improperly recorded registration.

COURSE NUMBERING SYSTEM

All undergraduate courses offered by the Department of Mathematics and Statistics are identified to YEAR by the first digit and to SUBJECT AREA by the second digit as follows:

First Digit

1- First Year
2- Second Year
3- Third Year
4- Fourth and Fifth Year

Second Digit

0- Common Core
1- Applied Mathematics
2- Applied Mathematics and Pure Mathematics
3- Pure Mathematics
4- Pure Mathematics and Statistics
5- Statistics

TABLE OF CREDIT RESTRICTIONS FOR PRESENT MATHEMATICS COURSES WITH FORMER MATHEMATICS COURSES

CREDIT MAY BE OBTAINED FOR ONLY ONE COURSE FROM EACH OF THE PAIRS OF COURSES LISTED IN THIS TABLE.

Present Course
Former Course
Present Course
Former Course
1000 1011 3210 3120
1000 150B 3260 3060
1000 1201 3301 3130
1001 2012 3320 3031
1001 2082 3330 3040
1050 1021 3331 3041
1050 1150 3340 3250
1051 1151 3370 3200
1080 1010 3410 3510
1080 1011 3411 3511
1080 1200 4132 3900
1080 1201 4160 4061
1080 150B 4170 4070
1081 1010 4230 4110
1081 1011 4301 4350
1081 1200 4302 4130
1081 1201 4310 4120
1081 150B 4320 4035
2000 2013 4321 4030
2000 2083 4331 4031
2001 3010 4340 4251
2051 3032 4341 4250
2090 3400 4370 4150
2320 2052 4375 4800
3132 3080 4400 4500
3161 4060 4401 4501
3190 3090 4402 4502
3202 3011 4410 4510

MAJOR IN APPLIED MATHEMATICS (B.Sc. only)

Students shall complete the following requirements:

a) M 1000, M 1001, M 2000, M 2001, M 2050, M 2051, AM 2130, AM 3132, AM 3161, AM 3190, AM/PM 3201, AM/PM 3202, AM/PM 3260, AM 4160, AM 4190;
b) Computer Science 2602;
c) Physics 1050 and 1052; or Physics 1200, 1201 and 2050.
d) ST 2510 is highly recommended.

MAJOR IN PURE MATHEMATICS

Students shall complete the following requirements:

a) M 1000, M 1001, M 2000, M 2001, M 2050, AM 2130, ST 2510, PM 2320, AM/PM 3202, AM/PM 3260, PM 3320, PM 3330;
b) Nine further credit hours in Pure Mathematics courses numbered 3000 or higher, at least three credit hours of which must be in courses numbered 4000 or higher;
c) Computer Science 2602.
d) M 2051 is highly recommended.

MAJOR IN STATISTICS

Students shall complete the following requirements:

a) M 1000, M 1001, M 2000, M 2001, M 2050, M 2051, PM/ST 3410, PM/ST 3411, ST 3520, ST 3521, ST 3530, ST 4590;
b) Nine further credit hours in Statistics courses numbered 3000 or higher at least three credit hours of which must be in a course numbered 4000 or higher;
c) Computer Science 2602.
d) AM/PM 3201 is highly recommended.

HONOURS IN APPLIED MATHEMATICS (B.Sc. only)

See General Regulations for Honours Degree. Students shall complete the following:

a) M 1000, M 1001, M 2000, M 2001, M 2050, M 2051, AM 2130, AM 3101, AM 3111, AM 3132, AM 3161, AM 3190, AM/PM 3201, AM/ PM 3202, AM/PM 3210, AM/PM 3260, PM/ST 3410, AM 4160, AM 4162, AM 4170, AM 4180 AM 4190, AM 4199;
b) Computer Science 2700 (or Computer Science 2602);
c) Physics (1050 and 1052) or Physics (1200, 1201, and 2050); Physics 3220, and Physics 3230;
d) nine further credit hours in courses to be chosen from the following: AM/PM 3240, PM/ST 3411, AM 4100, AM 4102, AM 4131, AM 4132, AM 4133, AM 4140, AM 4161, AM/PM 4230, AM/PM 4240, AM/PM 4280-4290.

HONOURS IN PURE MATHEMATICS

See General Regulations for Honours Degree. Students shall complete the following requirements:

a) M 1000, M 1001, M 2000, M 2001, M 2050, M 2051, AM 2130, PM 2320, ST 2510, AM/PM 3201, AM/ PM 3202, AM/PM 3210, AM/PM 3260, PM 3300, PM 3301, PM 3320, PM 3330, PM 4300, PM 4310, PM 4399;
b) Either PM 3340 or 3370;
c) Either PM 4320 or 4321;
d) Twelve further credit hours in Pure Mathematics courses numbered 3000 or higher, at least nine credit hours of which must be in courses numbered 4000 or higher;
e) Computer Science 2602.

HONOURS IN STATISTICS

See General Regulations for Honours Degree. Students shall complete the following requirements:

a) M 1000, M 1001, M 2000, M 2001, M 2050, M 2051, AM/PM 3201, AM/PM 3202, AM/PM 3210, PM/ST 3410, PM/ST 3411, ST 3520, ST 3521, ST 3530, PM/ST 4410, ST 4590, ST 4599;
b) Eighteen further credit hours in Statistics courses including at least twelve credit hours in courses numbered 4000 or higher;
c) Computer Science 2602, Computer Science 3731.
d) PM/ST 4400 and PM/ST 4401 are recommended.

MINOR IN MATHEMATICS

A total of twenty-four credit hours in courses offered by the Department of Mathematics and Statistics is required of which only six credit hours shall be in courses at the 1000 level and at least six credit hours shall be in courses numbered 3000 or higher.

MINOR IN STATISTICS

The courses required for a minor in Statistics are:

a) Mathematics 1000, 1001; Statistics 2500 or 2510 or 2550; Statistics 2501 or 2560.
b) Twelve further credit hours in Statistics courses numbered 3000 or higher.

It is recommended that M 2000 and M 2050 be taken since they are prerequisite to several further Statistics courses.

COURSE LIST

In the descriptions of the courses which follow, the symbol (F) represents the fall and (W) represents winter. These labels are intended to indicate the semester when the course is generally offered. Unlabelled courses are offered as demand or programmes dictate and as resources permit. The department tries to offer a variety of 1000-, 2000- and 3000-level courses during the spring semester (or intersession or summer session) every year. Students are encouraged to consult the department regularly for specific planned offerings, semester by semester.

FOUNDATION COURSES

102F, 103F, and 104F. Mathematics Skills Programme. Non-credit courses intended for those students who either have a weak background in mathematics or are returning to the subject after some years. The programme enables students to master mathematical operations such as those involving whole numbers, fractions, decimals, percents, integers, exponents, linear equations, algebraic and rational expressions, formulas, graphs, systems of linear equations, basic trigonometry, exponents and radicals, and quadratics.

COMMON CORE MATHEMATICS COURSES

1000. Calculus I (F)(W). An introduction to differential Calculus including logarithmic, exponential and trigonometric functions.

Four hours per week.
Prerequisite: Level III Advanced Mathematics.

NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both Mathematics 1000 and Mathematics 1080, nor for both Mathematics 1000 and Mathematics 1081.

1001. Calculus II (F)(W). An introduction to integral Calculus with applications. In addition to three lectures per week there will be a one and one-half hour problem lab.

Prerequisite: Mathematics 1000 or 1081.

NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both M 1001 and either Engineering 1411 or Engineering 2413.

1031. Mathematical Problem Solving. An introduction to the theory and practice of mathematical problem solving. The course will present and illustrate problem-solving strategies.

Four hours per week.
Prerequisite: Three 1000 level Mathematics credit hours and permission of the department.

1050. Finite Mathematics I (F)(W). Topics covered include sets, logic, permutations, combinations, elementary probability, and descriptive statistics.

Four hours per week.
Prerequisite: Either Level III Academic Mathematics or Level III Advanced Mathematics.

NOTES: 1) With the exception of those already admitted at the time of registration in this course to a B.Ed. programme that requires this course, students who already have obtained credit for six or more Mathematics credit hours numbered 2000 or above are not permitted to register for this course nor can they receive credit for it.

2) Credit cannot be obtained for M 1050 and the former Mathematics 1150.

1051. Finite Mathematics II (F)(W). Topics covered include elementary matrices, linear programming, elementary number theory, mathematical systems, and geometry.

Four hours per week.
Prerequisite: Either Level III Academic Mathematics or Level III Advanced Mathematics.

NOTES: 1) With the exception of those already admitted at the time of registration in this course to a B.Ed. programme that requires this course, students who already have obtained credit for six or more Mathematics credit hours numbered 2000 or above are not permitted to register for this course nor can they receive credit for it.

2) Credit cannot be obtained for M 1051 and the former Mathematics 1151.

1080. Calculus Readiness (F)(W). Emphasis on development of pre-calculus topics with an introduction to the calculus.

Four hours per week.
Prerequisite: One of the following: (I) Level III Advanced Mathematics; (ii) Level III Academic Mathematics with a grade of at least 70%; (iii) Level III Academic Mathematics and a Math Skills Inventory score of at least 50%; (iv) M104F.

NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both Mathematics 1000 and Mathematics 1080.

1081. Differential Calculus I (F)(W). Continuation of Mathematics 1080. Differential calculus of functions of a single variable.

Four hours per week.
Prerequisite: M 1080.

NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both Mathematics 1000 and Mathematics 1081.

2000. Calculus III (F)(W). A study of the differential calculus of functions of two variables, an introduction to convergence of infinite sequences and series. In addition to three lectures per week there will be a one and one-half hour problem lab.

Prerequisite: M 1001.

NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both M 2000 and any of Engineering 1411, Engineering 1412, Engineering 2412, Engineering 2413.

2001. Introductory Real Analysis (F)(W). Analysis on the real line, number systems, functions, sequences, limits, continuity, uniform continuity, differentiation.

Prerequisite: M 2000.

2050. Linear Algebra I (F)(W). Topics include Euclidean n-space, vector operations in R2 and R3, complex numbers, linear transformations on Rn, matrices, determinants, and systems of linear equations.

Prerequisite: M 1000 or six credit hours in first year Mathematics courses.

NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both M 2050 and Engineering 2402.

2051. Linear Algebra II (F)(W). Topics include real and complex vector spaces, basis, dimension, change of basis, eigenvectors, inner products, and diagonalization of Hermitian matrices.

Prerequisite: M 2050.

2075. Introduction to the History of Mathematics. Elementary number theory, primes, modular arithmetic, groups and fields, applications. Evolution of the number concept. Euclid's elements, Archimedes, Apollonius, Kepler. Regular polyhedra and polygons, Euler's formula, symmetry. Latin and Euler squares, finite geometries, some applications.

Prerequisite: Mathematics 1001 or at least nine credit hours in other Mathematics or Statistics courses.

2090. Mathematics of Finance. Topics covered are: simple and compound interest and discount, forces of interest and discount, equations of value, annuities and perpetuities, amortization schedules and sinking funds, bonds and other securities.

Prerequisite: M 1001.

APPLIED MATHEMATICS COURSES

2130. Introductory Numerical Techniques (W). A course designed to introduce students to the computer as a working tool, numerical implementation of methods developed in Calculus including Newton's method, Simpson's rule and numerical differentiation, computer graphics as a tool for studying functions of several variables and functions described parametrically.

Prerequisites: Mathematics 1001 and Computer Science 2700 (or Computer Science 2602).

NOTE: First priority for enrolment in this course is given to students who are Applied or Pure Mathematics majors. Other students wishing to register should direct inquiries to the head of department.

3101. Applied Analysis. A rigorous treatment of topics in differential and integral Calculus, Riemann integration, Fourier series, integral representation of functions.

Prerequisites: AM/PM 3201.

3111. Applied Complex Analysis. Mapping by elementary functions, conformal mapping, applications of conformal mapping, Schwartz-Christoffel transformation, Poisson integral formula, poles and zeros, Laplace transforms and stability of systems, analytic continuation.

Prerequisite: AM/PM 3210.

3132. Numerical Analysis I (W). Introduction to numerical analysis, round-off error, iterative methods for nonlinear equations in one variable, interpolation and polynomial approximation, discrete least-squares approximation, numerical differentiation and integration, initial value problems for ordinary differential equations.

Prerequisites: AM 2130 and AM/PM 3260.

NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both AM 3132 and Computer Science 3731.

3161. Ordinary Differential Equations II (F). Power series solutions, method of Frobenius, Bessel functions, Legendre polynomials and others from classical Physics, systems of linear first order equations, fundamental matrix solution, nonlinear equations and stability, Liapunov's method, existence and uniqueness of solutions.

Prerequisites: AM/PM 3202 and AM/PM 3260.

3190. Introduction to Mathematical Modelling (W). A study of how mathematical models are constructed in such disciplines as ecology and biology, for example, models in population dynamics, genetics, evolution and epidemiology, the role of hypotheses and the effects of various modelling techniques, continuous, discrete, deterministic and stochastic models.

Prerequisites: AM 2130 and AM/PM 3260. ST 2510 is highly recommended.

3201. Convergence of Sequences and Series (F). Infinite series of constants, sequences and series of functions, uniform convergence, Taylor series, improper integrals.

Prerequisite: M 2001 and M 2050.

3202. Vector Calculus (F). Functions of several variables, Lagrange multipliers, vector valued functions, directional derivatives, gradient, divergence, curl, transformations, Jacobians, inverse and implicit function theorems, multiple integration including change of variables using polar, cylindrical and spherical co-ordinates, Green's theorem, Stokes' theorem, divergence theorem, line integrals, arc length.

Prerequisite: Either (I) M 2001 and M 2050 or (ii) M 2000, M 2050 and two of the following Physics courses: P 2053, P 2054, P 2055, P 2056.

NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both AM/PM3202 and Physics 3810.

3210. Introduction to Complex Analysis (F). Complex numbers, analytic functions of a complex variable, differentiation of complex functions and the Cauchy-Riemann equations, complex integration, Cauchy's theorem, Taylor and Laurent series, residue theory and applications.

Prerequisite: M 2001.

3240. Applied Graph Theory (F). Definitions and basic properties, graph colouring, planarity, trees, Eulerian and Hamiltonian chains, shortest route problems, network flows, emphasis on applications including scheduling problems, transport networks, tournaments, facilities design and structure of molecules.

Prerequisite: Either M 2051 or PM 2320.

NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both AM/PM 3240 and Computer Science 3741.

3260. Ordinary Differential Equations I (F)(W). Direction fields, equations of first order and first degree, higher order linear equations, variation of parameters, methods of undetermined coefficients, Laplace transforms, systems of differential equations. Applications include vibratory motion, satellite and rocket motion, pursuit problems, population models and chemical kinetics.

Prerequisite: M 2000.

NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both AM/PM 3260 and Engineering 3411.

4100. Applied Functional Analysis. Generalized functions and distributions, normed spaces, convergence, completeness and equivalent norms, contraction mapping theorem with applications to differential and integral equations, Hilbert space, Bessel, Parseval and Riesz-Fischer theorems, orthogonal decomposition, functionals in Hilbert space, bounded and self-adjoint operators, eigenvalue problem, spectral theorem.

Prerequisite: AM 3101 and AM 3111.

4102. Stochastic Methods in Applied Mathematics. Random walk, Markov chains, discrete branching processes, Markov processes in continuous time, homogeneous birth and death processes, queuing processes, applications of stochastic processes in genetics, epidemiology, population dynamics and diffusion.

Prerequisite: PM/ST 3410 and AM/PM 3260.

NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both AM 4102 and PM/ST 4402.

4131. Numerical Linear Algebra. Direct methods for solving linear systems, iterative techniques in matrix algebra, numerical solution of systems of nonlinear equations.

Prerequisite: AM 3132.

4132. Introduction to Optimization. Introduction to optimization, analytic methods for functions of one variable and for functions of several variables, classical maxima and minima, necessary and sufficient conditions, constrained optimization, equality and inequality constraints, Kuhn-Tucker conditions, introduction to the calculus of variations, linear programming, simplex algorithm.

Prerequisite: AM/PM 3260 and AM/PM 3202.

4133. Numerical Optimization. Numerical methods for functions of one variable, for functions of several variables including unrestricted search, sequential uniform search, irregular search, non-gradient methods, gradient methods with and without constraints, geometric programming, selection of other topics from dynamic programming, integer programming, etc., solution of applied problems by numerical optimization.

Prerequisites: AM 4131 and AM 4132.

4140. Introduction to Mathematical Control Theory. Introduction to control theory, matrix solution of linear uncontrolled and controlled systems, linear control systems, controllability, observability, linear feedback, state observers, stability, criteria, Nyquist condition, Liapunov theory, stability and control, optimal control, Pontryagin's principle, linear regulator, solution of applied problems including resource management using optimal control theory.

Prerequisites: M 2051 and AM 3161.

4160. Partial Differential Equations I (W). Two point boundary value problems, Fourier series, Sturm-Liouville theory, canonical forms, classification and solution of linear second order partial differential equations in two independent variables, separation of variable, integral transform methods.

Prerequisites: AM/PM 3202 and AM/PM 3260.

4161. Integral Equations. Types of integral equations, first and second kind Volterra equations, Volterra equations with difference kernels, method of Laplace transformation, singular Volterra equations, second kind Fredholm equations, Fredholm equations with degenerate kernels, Fredholm series, Fredholm theorems, integral equations with symmetric kernels, Hilbert-Schmidt theorem, first kind Fredholm equations, Hammerstein integral equations.

Prerequisite: AM 4100.

4162. Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations. Finite differences, finite elements, discretization schemes, stability analysis. Application to parabolic, elliptic and hyperbolic problems.

Prerequisite: AM 3132, AM 4160.

4170. Partial Differential Equations II. First order equations, Cauchy problems, Cauchy-Kowalewska theorem, second order equations, canonical forms, wave equations in higher dimensions, method of spherical means, Duhamel's principle, potential equation, Dirichlet and Neuman problem, Green's function and fundamental solution, potential theory, heat equation, Riemann's method of integration, method of plane and Riemann waves for systems of PDEs of the first order.

Prerequisite: AM 4160.

4180. Introduction to Fluid Dynamics. (Same as Physics 4205). Basic observations, mass conservation, vorticity, stress, hydrostatics, rate of strain, momentum conservation (Navier-Stokes equation), simple viscous and inviscid flows, Reynolds number, boundary layers, Bernoulli's and Kelvin's theorems, potential flows, water waves, thermodynamics.

Prerequisites: Physics 3220 and either AM 4160 or Physics 3821.

4190. Mathematical Modelling (W). The intent of this course is to develop students' skills in mathematical modelling and competence in oral and written presentations. Case studies in modelling will be analyzed. Students will develop a mathematical model and present it in both oral and report form.

Prerequisite: AM 3132, AM 3161, AM 3190, and AM 4160.

4199. Applied Mathematics Honours Project. The student, with supervision by a member of the department, will prepare a dissertation in an area of Applied Mathematics. Although original research work by the student will not normally be expected, the student must show an ability and interest to learn and organize material independently. A one hour presentation at the end of the semester will be given by the student.

Prerequisite: Registration in an Honours or Joint Honours programme in Applied Mathematics.

4230. Differential Geometry. Theory of curves, Frenet relations, curvature and torsion, singular points of curves, first and second quadratic forms, classification of points on a surface, Gaussian curvature, Gauss-Weingarten theorem, Christoffel's symbols, theorema Egregium, Gauss-Cadazzi-Mainardi theorem, internal geometry of surfaces, isometric and conformal mappings, geodesic curvature and torsion, parallel displacement, Gauss-Bonnet theorem.

Prerequisite: AM/PM 3202.

4240. Differential and Integral Calculus on Manifolds. Definition and properties of differential manifolds, differentiable maps, tangent spaces, differential of a map, rank of a map, submersion, immersion, submanifolds, Lie group and algebra, one-parameter subgroups, exponential map, canonical co-ordinates, adjoint representation, Lie transformation groups, homogeneous spaces of Lie groups, fibre bundles.

Prerequisite: AM/PM 4230.

4280-4290. Special Topics in Pure and Applied Mathematics.

Prerequisite: Permission of Head of Department.

NOTE: Consult the department for a list of titles and information regarding availability.

PURE MATHEMATICS COURSES

2320. Discrete Mathematics (F)(W). Topics include fundamental principles of counting, sets and set operations, principle of inclusion-exclusion, relations including equivalence relations and partial orders, search and sort algorithms, basic properties of integers including well-ordering, mathematical induction, the division and Euclidean algorithms, and fundamental theorem of arithmetic.

Prerequisite: M 1001 or M 2050.

3201. Convergence of Sequences and Series (F). Infinite series of constants, sequences and series of functions, uniform convergence, Taylor series, improper integrals.

Prerequisite: M 2001 and M 2050.

3202. Vector Calculus (F). Functions of several variables, Lagrange multipliers, vector valued functions, directional derivatives, gradient, divergence, curl, transformations, Jacobians, inverse and implicit function theorems, multiple integration including change of variables using polar, cylindrical and spherical co-ordinates, Green's theorem, Stokes' theorem, divergence theorem, line integrals, arc length.

Prerequisite: Either (I) M 2001 and M 2050 or (ii) M 2000, M 2050 and two of the following Physics courses: P 2053, P 2054, P 2055, P 2056.

NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both AM/PM3202 and Physics 3810.

3210. Introduction to Complex Analysis (F). Complex numbers, analytic functions of a complex variable, differentiation of complex functions and the Cauchy-Riemann equations, complex integration, Cauchy's theorem, Taylor and Laurent series, residue theory and applications.

Prerequisite: M 2001.

3240. Applied Graph Theory (F). Definitions and basic properties, graph colouring, planarity, trees, Eulerian and Hamiltonian chains, shortest route problems, network flows, emphasis on applications including scheduling problems, transport networks, tournaments, facilities design and structure of molecules.

Prerequisite: Either M 2051 or PM 2320.

NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both AM/PM 3240 and Computer Science 3741.

3260. Ordinary Differential Equations I (F)(W). Direction fields, equations of first order and first degree, higher order linear equations, variation of parameters, methods of undetermined coefficients, Laplace transforms, systems of differential equations. Applications include vibratory motion, satellite and rocket motion, pursuit problems, population models and chemical kinetics.

Prerequisite: M 2000.

NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both AM/PM 3260 and Engineering 3411.

3300. Set Theory. Introduction to Mathematical Logic, functions, equivalence relations, equipotence of sets, finite and infinite sets, countable and uncountable sets, Cantor's Theorem, Schroeder-Bernstein Theorem, ordered sets, introduction to cardinal and ordinal numbers, logical paradoxes, the axiom of choice.

Prerequisite: M 2001.

3301. Integration and Metric Spaces. Brief review of the Riemann integral, Riemann-Stieltjes integration, metric spaces, the Baire Category Theorem, uniform continuity, the Banach Contraction principle, the Weierstrass Approximation Theorem and the Stone-Weierstrass Theorem are covered.

Prerequisite: AM/PM 3201.

3303. Introductory Geometric Topology. Graphs and the four colour problem. Orientable and non-orientable surfaces, triangulation, Euler characteristic, classification and colouring of compact surfaces. Basic point-set topology. The fundamental group, including the fundamental groups of surfaces. Knots and the Wirtinger presentation of the knot group.

Prerequisite: PM 2320.

3320. Abstract Algebra (F). An introduction to groups and group homomorphisms including cyclic groups, cosets, Lagrange's theorem, normal subgroups and quotient groups, introduction to rings and ring homomorphisms including ideals, prime and maximal ideals, quotient rings, integral domains and fields.

Prerequisite: PM 2320.

3321. Applied Algebra. The emphasis is on applications of algebra to other important areas: the construction and error-correcting capabilities of group codes, Boolean algebras and switching circuits, fast sorting and fast addition, polynomial rings, the discrete Fourier transform, fast multiplication, finite fields, polynomial and BCH codes.

Prerequisite: PM 3320.

3330. Euclidean Geometry (F). Classical Euclidean geometry of the triangle and circle. The inversion transformation, including the theorem of Feuerbach. Elliptic and hyperbolic geometries.

Prerequisite: PM 2320 or M 2051.

3331. Projective Geometry. Course topics include: projective space, the principle of duality, mappings in projective space, conics and quadrics.

Prerequisite: PM 2320 or M 2051.

3340. Introductory Combinatorics (W). Topics include distributions, the binomial and multinomial theorems, Stirling numbers, recurrence relations, generating functions and the inclusion-exclusion principle. Emphasis will be on applications.

Prerequisite: PM 2320 or M 2051.

3370. Introductory Number Theory (F). Perfect numbers and primes, divisibility, Euclidean algorithm, greatest common divisors, primes and the unique factorization theorem, congruences, cryptography (secrecy systems), Euler-Fermat theorems, power residues, primitive roots, arithmetic functions, Diophantine equations, topics above in the setting of the Gaussian integers.

Prerequisite: PM 2320 or M 2001 or M 2051.

3410. Mathematical Statistics I (F). Basic probability concepts, some special probability distributions, sampling distributions, transformation of random variables, limiting distributions, central limit theorem.

One hour tutorial period weekly.
Prerequisite: M 2000.

3411. Mathematical Statistics II (W). Parametric estimation, properties of estimators, maximum likelihood principles, MVU estimation, Rao-Cramér inequality, efficiency, testing hypotheses, Neyman-Pearson lemma, likelihood ratio test, Sufficient statistics.

One hour tutorial period weekly.
Prerequisite: PM/ST 3410.

4230. Differential Geometry. Theory of curves, Frenet relations, curvature and torsion, singular points of curves, first and second quadratic forms, classification of points on a surface, Gaussian curvature, Gauss-Weingarten theorem, Christoffel's symbols, theorema Egregium, Gauss-Cadazzi-Mainardi theorem, internal geometry of surfaces, isometric and conformal mappings, geodesic curvature and torsion, parallel displacement, Gauss-Bonnet theorem.

Prerequisite: AM/PM 3202.

4240. Differential and Integral Calculus on Manifolds. Definition and properties of differential manifolds, differentiable maps, tangent spaces, differential of a map, rank of a map, submersion, immersion, submanifolds, Lie group and algebra, one-parameter subgroups, exponential map, canonical co-ordinates, adjoint representation, Lie transformation groups, homogeneous spaces of Lie groups, fibre bundles.

Prerequisite: AM/PM 4230.

4280-4290. Special Topics in Pure and Applied Mathematics.

Prerequisite: Permission of Head of Department.

NOTE: Consult the department for a list of titles and information regarding availability.

4300. General Topology. Topological structure on a set, neighborhood, open and closed sets, continuity, subspaces and quotient spaces, connectedness, relation between topologies, base and subbase, product spaces, applications to Euclidean spaces. Hausdorff, regular, normal and compact spaces, metric spaces, compacta and continua, metrizability.

Prerequisite: PM 3300 or PM 3301, or both M 2001 and PM 3303.

4301. Algebraic Topology. Categories and functors, algebraic and geometric preliminaries, simplicial homology groups. Chain complexes, homology theories. Singular homology theory. Cohomology groups. Fundamental group and homotopy groups.

Prerequisite: PM 3320 and PM 4300.

4302. Functional Analysis. Banach spaces, dual spaces, Hilbert spaces, linear operators and linear functionals.

Prerequisite: PM 3301.

4310. Complex Function Theory. Topology of C, analytic functions, Cauchy's theorem with proof, Cauchy integral formula, singularities, argument principle, Rouche's theorem, maximum modulus principle, Schwarz's lemma, harmonic functions, Poisson integral formula, analytic continuation, entire functions, gamma function, Riemann-Zeta function, conformal mapping.

Prerequisite: PM 3301 and AM/PM 3210.

4320. Ring Theory. Factorization in integral domains, structure of finitely generated modules over a principal ideal domain with application to Abelian groups, nilpotent ideals and idempotents, chain conditions, the Wedderburn-Artin theorem.

Prerequisite: PM 3320.

4321. Group Theory. Permutation groups, Sylow theorems, normal series, solvable groups, solvability of polynomials by radicals, introduction to group representations.

Prerequisite: PM 3320.

4331. Galois Theory. Irreducible polynomials and field extensions. Galois groups and the solution of equations by radicals.

Prerequisite: M 2051 and PM 3320.

4340. Combinatorial Analysis. This course continues most of the topics started in PM 3340 with further work on distributions, recurrence relations and generating functions. Generating functions are used to solve recurrence relations in two variables. Also included is a study of Polya's theorem with applications.

Prerequisite: M 2000 and PM 3340.

4341. Combinatorial Designs. This course includes the study of finite fields, Latin squares, finite projective planes and balanced incomplete block designs.

Prerequisite: PM 3320 or PM 3340.

4370. Number Theory. Continued fractions, an introduction to Diophantine approximations, selected Diophantine equations, the Dirichlet product of arithmetic functions, the quadratic reciprocity law, and factorization in quadratic domains are covered.

Prerequisite: PM 3370.

4375. History of Mathematics. The development of Mathematics from the seventeenth century to the beginning of the twentieth century as exemplified by the work of mathematicians such as Newton, Euler, Lagrange, Gauss, and Poincare.

Prerequisite: Permission of Head of Department.

4399. Pure Mathematics Dissertation. The student, with supervision by a member of the department, will prepare a dissertation in an area of Pure Mathematics. Although original research by the student will not normally be expected, the student must show an ability and interest to learn and organize material independently. A one hour presentation at the end of the semester will be given by the student.

Prerequisite: Registration in an Honours or Joint Honours programme in Pure Mathematics.

4400. Lebesgue Integration. Review of Riemann integration, outer measure, measure, measurable sets, measurable functions, the Lebesgue integral, properties of the Lebesgue integral, sequences of integrals, Fubini's theorem.

Prerequisite: PM 3201.

4401. Probability Theory. Abstract measure and integration, probability concepts, random variables, independence, Borel-Cantelli lemmas, sums of independent random variables.

Prerequisite: M 2001 and PM/ST 3410.

4402. Stochastic Processes. The course covers stochastic processes, stationarity, random walks, Markov chains, renewal, and queuing.

Prerequisite: PM/ST 3410.

NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both AM 4102 and PM/ST 4402.

4410. Mathematical Statistics III. Multivariate normal distribution theory, applications to ANOVA and regression, chi-square tests, other topics such as sequential tests, distribution of order statistics, nonparametrics and decision theory.

Prerequisite: M 2051 and PM/ST 3411.

STATISTICS COURSES

NOTES: 1) In all 2000-level statistics courses, statistical computer packages will be used but no prior computing experience is assumed.

2) All 2000-level statistics courses, ST3410, ST3411, ST4590, and ST4591 have a laboratory period weekly.

2500. Statistics for Business and Arts Students. Descriptive statistics (including histograms, stem-and-leaf plots and box plots), elementary probability, discrete random variables, the binomial distribution, the normal distribution, sampling distribution, estimation and hypothesis testing including both one and two sample tests, paired comparisons, chi-square test, correlation and regression. Related applications.

Prerequisite: M1000 or six credit hours in first year courses in Mathematics or registration in at least semester 3 of a B.N. program or permission of the head of department.

NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of ST2500, ST2510, ST2550, and Psychology 2900. Normally offered twice a year, including the fall.

2501. Further Statistics for Business and Arts Students. Power calculation and sample size determination, analysis of variance, multiple regression, nonparametric statistics, index numbers, time series analysis, introduction to sampling techniques.

Prerequisite: ST2500 or ST2510 or ST2550

NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of ST2501, ST2560, the former ST2511, and Psychology 2901.

2510. Statistics for Physical Science Students. Descriptive statistics, elementary probability, discrete probability distribution, the binomial distribution. Poisson distribution, the normal distribution, introduction to statistical inference, hypothesis testing, including one and two sample tests, chi-square test, correlation and regression, applications to related disciplines.

Prerequisite: M1000 or M1081.

NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of ST2500, ST2510, ST2550, Psychology 2900, and Engineering 2421. Normally offered twice a year, including the fall.

2550. Statistics for Life Science Students. An introduction to basic statistics methods with an emphasis on applications to life sciences and, in particular, to biology. Material includes descriptive statistics, elementary probability, binomial distribution, normal distribution, sampling distribution, estimation and hypothesis testing (both one and two sample cases), chi-square test, analysis of variance, correlation and regression.

Prerequisite: M1000 or M1081.

NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of ST2500, ST2510, ST2550, and Psychology 2900. Normally offered twice a year, including the fall.

2560. Further Statistics for Science Students. Discrete and continuous distributions, hypothesis testing, type I and type II errors, analysis of variance for single and multi-factor designs, multiple regression, nonparametric tests, special topics, applications to scientific disciplines.

Prerequisite: ST2500 (with M1000 or M1081) or ST2510 or ST2550.

NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of ST2501, ST2560, the former ST2511, and Psychology 2901.

3410. Mathematical Statistics I (F). Basic probability concepts, some special probability distributions, sampling distributions, transformation of random variables, limiting distributions, central limit theorem.

One hour tutorial period weekly.
Prerequisite: M 2000.

3411. Mathematical Statistics II (W). Parametric estimation, properties of estimators, maximum likelihood principles, MVU estimation, Rao-Cramér inequality, efficiency, testing hypotheses, Neyman-Pearson lemma, likelihood ratio test, Sufficient statistics.

One hour tutorial period weekly.
Prerequisite: PM/ST 3410.

3520. Experimental Design I (F). Introduction to basic concepts in experimental design, single factor designs including completely randomized, randomized blocks, Latin square and related designs, multiple comparison tests, fixed and random effects models, introduction to factorial design.

Prerequisite: M 2050 and either PM/ST 3411 or both M 1001 and one of ST 2501 or ST 2511.

NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both ST 3520 and Psychology 3900.

3521. Regression (W). Inferences in linear regression analysis, matrix approach to regression analysis, multiple linear regression, model selection, polynomial regression, indicator variable, problem of simultaneous inferences, multicollinearity.

Prerequisite: M 2050 and either PM/ST 3411 or both M 1001 and one of ST 2501 or ST2560 or the former ST2511.

3530. Survey Sampling I (F). Basic concepts, randomization, sampling frames, stratified sampling, the analysis of subclasses, cluster sampling, stratified cluster sampling, unequal clusters, ratio estimates selection with probabilities proportional to size.

Prerequisite: Either PM/ST 3411 or both M 1001 and one of ST 2501 or ST2560 or the former ST2511.

3540. Time Series I. Autocovariance, autocorrelation and correlation, stationarity, autoregressive, moving average and ARMA models, differencing, the integrated ARMA process, parameter estimation, model identification and diagnostic testing, forecasting, seasonal models, the use of data transformation.

Prerequisite: Either PM/ST 3411 or both M 1001 and one of ST 2501 or ST2560 or the former ST2511.

3570. Reliability and Quality Control. Analysis of life, mortality and failure data, standard parametric models in reliability, quality control charts and cumulative sum charts, tolerance limits, contingency tables, interactions, application of sequential sampling.

Prerequisite: Either PM/ST 3411 or both M 1001 and one of ST 2501 or ST 2560 or the former ST 2511.

3590. Statistics in Applied Research. This is an introductory course in how to conduct and analyze statistical surveys and experiments, research designs, problem formulation, basic sampling schemes, sample size determination, questionnaire design, pilot studies, selection of statistical analysis techniques using flow charts, data screening, simple exploratory data analysis, applications of basic statistical methods, flaws and fallacies in statistical thinking.

Prerequisite: Either PM/ST 3411 or both M 1001 and one of ST 2501 or ST 2560 or the former ST 2511.

4400. Lebesgue Integration. Review of Riemann integration, outer measure, measure, measurable sets, measurable functions, the Lebesgue integral, properties of the Lebesgue integral, sequences of integrals, Fubini's theorem.

Prerequisite: PM 3201.

4401. Probability Theory. Abstract measure and integration, probability concepts, random variables, independence, Borel-Cantelli lemmas, sums of independent random variables.

Prerequisite: M 2001 and PM/ST 3410.

4402. Stochastic Processes. The course covers stochastic processes, stationarity, random walks, Markov chains, renewal, and queuing.

Prerequisite: PM/ST 3410.

NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both AM 4102 and PM/ST 4402.

4410. Mathematical Statistics III. Multivariate normal distribution theory, applications to ANOVA and regression, chi-square tests, other topics such as sequential tests, distribution of order statistics, nonparametrics and decision theory.

Prerequisite: M 2051 and PM/ST 3411.

4520. Experimental Design II. Selected topics in ANOVA and ANCOVA including factorial experiments and unbalanced designs.

Prerequisite: ST 3520.

4530. Survey Sampling II. Area sampling, multi-stage sampling, two-phase sampling, ratio, regression and difference estimates, composite sampling designs, sampling from imperfect frames, bias and non-sampling errors.

Prerequisites: M 2000 and ST 3530.

4540. Time Series II. Analysis of time series in the time domain, including stationary and non-stationary processes, autocovariance kernels and their estimators, analysis of autoregressive and moving average models, spectral analysis including the power spectrum and its estimators, periodogram, smoothed and filtered estimators.

Prerequisite: PM/ST 3411 and ST 3540.

4550. Non-parametric Statistics. Inferences concerning location based on one sample, paired samples or two samples, inferences concerning scale parameters, goodness-of-fit tests, association analysis, tests for randomness.

Prerequisites: Either PM/ST 3411 or both M 2000 and either ST 2501 or ST 2560 or the former ST 2511.

4560. Continuous Multivariate Analysis. The multivariate normal distribution and its marginal and conditional distributions, properties of the Wishart distribution, Hotelling's T2 statistic, a selection of techniques chosen from among MANOVA, multivariate regression, principal components, factor analysis, discrimination and classification, clustering.

Prerequisite: M 2051, PM/ST 3410, and one of ST 2501 or ST 2560 or the former ST 2511 or PM/ST 3411.

4561. Discrete Multivariate Analysis. Analysis of cross-classified categorical data, chi-square test, measures of association, multidimensional contingency tables, hypotheses of partial and conditional independence, log-linear models for Poisson, multinomial and product-multinomial sampling schemes, iterative scaling technique for maximum likelihood estimation, step-wise model selection procedures, partitioning chi-square, explanatory and response variables in contingency tables, logit models.

Prerequisite: ST 3520 or ST 3521.

4580. History of Statistics. The development of Statistics from the seventeenth to the beginning of the twentieth century as exemplified by the life and work of Bernoulli, De Moivre, Laplace, Gauss, Quetelet, Galton, Pearson, Gosset, and Fisher.

Prerequisite: Six Third Year Statistics credit hours.

4581. Quantitative Methods in Biology. (Same as Biology 4605). Statistical analysis of diversity indices, sampling biological and marine populations, multivariate statistical methods in ecology, stochastic models, special topics.

Prerequisite: Biology 2600 and either ST 2560 or the former ST 2511 or PM/ST 3411.

4585. Computational Statistics. An introduction to modern computational statistics, using a statistical programming language, such as S-Plus. Emphasis is placed on use of the computer for numerical and graphical exploratory data analysis, and on crafting programs to accomplish specialized statistical procedures.

Prerequisites: M2000, ST 3520, ST 3521. AM/PM 2130 is recommended.

4590. Statistical Analysis of Data I (F). For users of Statistics with emphasis placed on computer analysis of statistical problems drawn from various disciplines, descriptive statistics, analysis of univariate measurement data, chi-square tests, non-parametric tests, basic ANOVA and regression.

Prerequisite: ST 2501 or ST 2560 or the former ST 2511 or PM/ST 3411.

4591. Statistical Analysis of Data II. For users of Statistics with emphasis placed on computer analysis of statistical problems drawn from various disciplines, use of multivariate statistical techniques, special topics in ANOVA, ANCOVA and multivariate regression, factor analysis, canonical correlation analysis, discriminant analysis, cluster analysis, multiway frequency tables, further selected topics.

Prerequisite: ST 4590.

4599. Honours Comprehensive with Directed Readings. A directed reading course with Comprehensive examination for students in Honours or Joint Honours Degree programmes in Statistics ONLY.

Prerequisite: Registration in an Honours or Joint Honours programme in Statistics.

PHYSICS AND PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY

PROGRAMMES IN PHYSICS

The following undergraduate programmes are available in the Department:

- Major in Physics
- Honours in Physics
- Applied Mathematics/Physics Joint Honours
- Physics/Chemistry Joint Honours
- Physics/Computer Science Joint Honours
- Physics/Computer Science Joint Major
- Physics/Earth Sciences Joint Honours
- Physics/Earth Sciences Joint Major
- Minor in Physics

Details of these joint programmes are given after the Honours B.Sc. Regulations. Other joint programmes may be arranged in consultation with the departments concerned.

NOTES: 1) The attention of students intending to follow any one of the programmes listed above is drawn to the University Regulations governing the appropriate degree. Additional Departmental requirements are given below.

2) Faculty advisors are appointed to provide advice to students who are registered in, or who are considering registering in, any of the programmes. Students are urged to consult with these advisors at their earliest opportunity in order to ensure that they select appropriate courses and programmes. Students with credits in Physics courses which are not listed in this calendar should consult with the Department.

3) The accelerated, six course stream consisting of Physics 1050, 1054, 2053, 2054, 2055 and 2056, or alternatively the seven course stream of Physics 1020, 1021, 1054, 2053, 2054, 2055 and 2056 is intended to provide a cohesive overview of Physics for potential Physics majors.

4) Physics 1050 is open to and recommended for students who have completed Level II Physics, Level III Physics and Level III Advanced Mathematics. Mathematics 1000 must be taken at the same time as, or be completed prior to, taking Physics 1050.

5) Physics 1020 is intended for students who do not qualify for Physics 1050, and while it may be taken by students who have no background in Physics it is recommended that students wishing to take Physics 1020 should have completed at least one of Level II and Level III Physics. Students who complete Physics 1020 and Mathematics 1000 are eligible for admission to Physics 1054.

6) For the purposes of fulfilling Physics degree requirements and prerequisites for higher level physics courses Physics 1020/1054 will be considered equivalent to Physics 1050/1054 provided the following criteria are satisfied

- Completed Level II and Level III Physics
- Completed Physics 1020 with a grade of A
- Completed Mathematics 1000

Such students are not required to take Physics 1021

7) Physics 1000 is primarily intended for non-science majors, and may not be taken in lieu of any other first year courses. Physics 1000 may be taken as a preparatory course for Physics 1020 and 1021 by students who do not have a high level of general attainment in Level III examinations and who have not completed Levels II and III Physics. Students taking Physics 1000 as a preparatory course are encouraged to take foundation Mathematics or Mathematics 1080 concurrently. Physics 1000 may not be used as one of the Physics courses required for a Major or Honours degree in Physics, nor as one of the 26 science courses required for the B.Sc. degree. Students may receive credit for only one of Physics 1000, 1050 and 1020.

8) Students who have successfully completed Advanced Placement courses in both Physics and Mathematics will normally be eligible for direct entry into Physics 1054, 2053 and 2054, all of which are offered in the Fall semester. Such students are advised to consult the Department.

9) Physics 2000 is offered at Sir Wilfred Grenfell College only. It may not be used as one of the Physics courses required for a Major or Honours degree in Physics, nor as one of the 26 science courses required for the B.Sc. degree.

10) Where circumstances warrant, any prerequisites listed below may be waived by the Head of the Department.

11) Supplementary examinations will be allowed in certain Physics courses which have written final examinations. Students should refer to the Faculty of Science Degree regulations for details.

MINOR IN PHYSICS

A minor in Physics will consist of 24 credit hours in Physics courses which must include Physics 1050, 1054 (or 1020, 1021 and 1054), 2053, 2054, 2055, 2056. For those students whose major is Chemistry, the 24 credit hours in Physics will not include P2053.

MAJOR IN PHYSICS

The following courses are prescribed:

a) English 1080 and English 1110 (or equivalent).
b) Chemistry 1000 and 1001 or equivalents
c) Mathematics 1000 and 1001, or Mathematics 1080, 1081 and 1001
d) Mathematics 2000 and AM/PM 3260.
e) Physics 1050 and 1054, or Physics 1020, 1021 and 1054.
f) A minimum of 33 additional credit hours in Physics courses which shall include courses numbered 2053, 2054, 2055, 2056, 3220, 3400, 3500, 3550, 3750, 3751, and 3900.
g) Physics 3810 or AM/PM 3202

Mathematics 1001 and 2000 are prerequisites to many Physics courses and should be completed by the end of second year. AM/PM 3260 is corequisite to Physics 3220 and should be completed before the winter of the third year. Those who intend to make a career in Physics should note that additional Physics courses are strongly recommended.

HONOURS IN PHYSICS

The following courses are prescribed:

a) English 1080 and English 1110 (or equivalent).
b) Chemistry 1000 and 1001.
c) Mathematics 1000 (or 1080 and 1081) and 1001.
d) Mathematics 2000, 2001 and AM/PM 3260.
e) Computer Science 3731.
f) Physics 1050 and 1054 (or 1020, 1021, and 1054)

g) Physics 2053, 2054, 2055, 2056, 3220, 3230, 3400, 3410, 3500, 3550, 3600, 3750, 3751, 3820, 3821, 3900, 3920, 4500, 4850, 490A/B.
h) Physics 3810 or AM/PM 3202.
i) One of Physics 4200, 4205, 4210, 4820.
j) One of Physics 4000, 4600, 4710, 4851.
k) Twelve credit hours in applicable elective courses*

NOTE: Certain of the graduate courses may be taken in the final year of the Honours Programme with the permission of the Head of the Department.

*Chemistry 1800, Mathematics 1080 and 1081, and Physics 1020 and 1021 may not be used as electives in the 120 credit hours required for the Honours programme under k) above. Inclusion of Chemistry 1800, substitution of Mathematics 1080 and 1081 for Mathematics 1000, or substitution of Physics 1020 and 1021 for Physics 1050 will each increase the number of credit hours required for the Honours Physics programme by three.

An Honours thesis is to be presented on work undertaken by the candidate under the guidance of a Department of Physics faculty member. The thesis comprises the six-credit hour course Physics 490A/B. Students should seek departmental advice regarding a thesis project no later than the winter preceding the semester in which the project will be started.

The Honours Physics programme in and beyond the third year requires a familiarity with computer programming. In choosing electives for this programme, students should note that the prerequisites for Computer Science 3731 include Computer Science 2602 or Computer Science 2710 or permission of the Head of Computer Science.

The Department recommends that students wishing to complete the Honours Physics programme in 120 credit hours follow the schedule given below. This schedule is intended for students who qualify for Physics 1050 and 1054. Other suggested course schedules are available from the Head of the Department.


Year I
Semester I
Semester II
English 1080 English 1110 (1101, 1102)
Chemistry 1000 Chemistry 1001
Mathematics 1000 Mathematics 1001
Physics 1050 Physics 1054
Elective Elective or Physics 2056

Year II
Semester I
Semester II
Mathematics 2000 Mathematics 2001
Physics 2053 AM/PM 3202
Physics 2054 AM/PM 3260
Elective Physics 2055
Elective Physics 2056 or Elective

Year III
Semester I
Semester II
Physics 3220 Physics 3230
Physics 3400 Physics 3750
Physics 3550 Physics 3500
Physics 3600 Physics 3900
Physics 3820 Physics 3821

Year IV
Physics 3751 Physics 3410
Physics 4500 Physics 3920
Physics 490A Physics 490B
Physics 4850 Physics Elective
Computer Science 3731 Physics Elective

TABLE OF CREDIT RESTRICTIONS:

CREDIT MAY BE OBTAINED FOR ONLY ONE COURSE FROM EACH OF THE PAIRS OF COURSES LISTED IN THIS TABLE.

Present Course
Former Course
Present Course
Former Course
1020 1200 2055 2550
1021 1201 2056 2700
1021 1051 3220 3200
1054 1052 3230 2210
1054 2050 3750 3700
1054 2200 3750 3850
2053 2450 490A/B 4990
2054 2550

Physics 1021 and the former Physics 1201 will be considered equivalent for prerequisite purposes. Physics 1054 and the former Physics 1052 and 2050 will be considered equivalent for prerequisite purposes.

NOT ALL COURSES ARE OFFERED EVERY YEAR. STUDENTS SHOULD CHECK WITH THE DEPARTMENT PRIOR TO REGISTRATION TO PLAN PROGRAMMES.

COURSE LIST

1000. Introduction to Physics. An introduction for non-science majors, to motion, force, energy, momentum, fluids, and selected topics from optics, electricity and magnetism. Emphasis is placed on the concepts and processes of physics with investigations of relevant physics phenomena in our natural environment. Ample time is reserved for the application of fundamental mathematical processes to the solution of physics problems.

Lectures: Four hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

NOTE: Students considering taking this course are referred to note 7 above.

1020. Introductory Physics I (F) & (W). A non-calculus based introduction to mechanics.

Prerequisite: Mathematics 1000 or 1080, which may be taken concurrently. It is recommended that students have completed at least one of level II and level III high school physics courses, however this course may be completed by someone who has no physics background provided some extra effort is made.

Lectures: Three hours per week plus an optional one hour tutorial.
Laboratory and/or Tutorial: Up to three hours per week.

1021. Introductory Physics II (W). A non-calculus based introduction to fluids, wave motion, light, optics, electricity and magnetism.

Prerequisite: Physics 1020 or 1050. Mathematics 1000 or 1081, which may be taken concurrently.
Lectures: Three hours per week plus an optional one hour tutorial.
Laboratory and/or Tutorial: Up to three hours per week.

1050. General Physics I: Mechanics (F). A calculus based introduction to mechanics. The course will emphasize problem solving.

Prerequisite: Mathematics 1000, which may be taken concurrently.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory and/or Tutorial: Up to three hours per week.

1054. General Physics II: Computational Physics and Data Analysis (F) & (W). An introduction to computer-based data acquisition and analysis, numerical analysis, and problem solving. These processes are combined with introductions to probability and statistics, complex numbers and matrix algebra, with particular application to oscillations and waves.

Prerequisites: Physics 1050 or 1020 and Mathematics 1001. Math 1001 may be taken concurrently.
Lectures and Laboratories: Up to 5 hours per week

NOTE: This course will be offered for the first time in the Winter semester of 1997.

2000. Physics in Contemporary Society. The nature of scientific thinking; the scientific method, the logic of physics, concepts used in physical science, objectivity versus subjectivity, science and philosophy. Physical concepts; concepts of space, time, causality, identity, energy. Concepts of relativity, quantum concepts, concepts in thermodynamics, concepts of matter.

Lectures: Two hours per week - instructional address and discussion; one hour per week - general discussion.

NOTE: Students considering taking this course are referred to note 9 above.

2040. Applied Physics for Life Sciences I. The following topics will be included: body mechanics, elementary fluid mechanics, heat and energy processes, bio-electricity and bio-magnetism.

Prerequisites: Six credit hours in any first year Physics courses except Physics 1000.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

2041. Applied Physics for Life Sciences II. A continuation of discussion of topics available to Life Sciences including Psychology: sound, Physics of hearing, optics, Physics of vision, colours, optical instruments, molecular processes, radiation Physics. This course may be taken by students who have not completed Physics 2040.

Prerequisites: Six credit hours in any first year Physics courses except Physics 1000.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

2050. Introductory Physics III (F). This course prepares students who have taken Physics 1200 and 1201 for additional courses in Physics. It reviews material of Physics 1200 and 1201, but at a calculus based level.

Prerequisite: Physics 1201, and Mathematics 1000 or 1081.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for Physics 2050 by students who have already completed Physics 1052. This course will be offered for the last time in the Fall semester of 1996.

2053. General Physics III: Fluids and Thermal Physics (F). Introduction to sound, elasticity, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, kinetic theory and statistical mechanics.

Prerequisites: Mathematics 1001, Physics 1050 (or 1020 and 1021), and Physics 1054. Mathematics 1001 and Physics 1054 may be taken concurrently.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

2054. General Physics IV: Electromagnetism, Light and Optics (F) & (W). Electrostatics, currents and Ohm's law, magnetism, electromagnetic induction, electromagnetic waves, geometric optics, interference and diffraction.

Prerequisites: Mathematics 1001, Physics 1050 (or 1020 and 1021), and Physics 1054. Mathematics 1001 and Physics 1054 may be taken concurrently.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

2055. General Physics V: Electricity and Magnetism (W). Gauss' Law, the electrostatic potential, capacitance, magnetic forces and the magnetic field, electromagnetic induction, magnetic materials, ac circuits, superconductivity, the displacement current and Maxwell's equations.

Prerequisites: Math 2000 and Physics 2054. Math 2000 may be taken concurrently.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

2056. General Physics VI: Modern Physics (W). Special relativity, quanta of light, atomic structure and spectral lines, quantum structure of atoms and molecules, nuclei and elementary particles.

Prerequisites: Mathematics 1001, Physics 1050 (or 1020 and 1021), and Physics 1054. Mathematics 1001 and Physics 1054 may be taken concurrently.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

2151. Stellar Astronomy and Astrophysics (F) & (W). Atomic structure and spectra. The sun: radiation, energetics, magnetic field. Stars: distance, velocity, size, atmospheres, interiors. Variable stars, multiple stars, clusters and stellar associations. Stellar evolution, interstellar matter, structure of the Milky Way Galaxy. Exterior galaxies, quasi-stellar objects, pulsars. Cosmology.

Prerequisites: Six credit hours in Mathematics courses at the first year level.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

3150. Astrophysics I (F). Review of macroscopic and microscopic physics. The sun: luminosity, mass, spectrum, photosphere, corona, interior. Principles of stellar structure; radiative and convective transport of energy. The virial theorem. Thermonuclear fusion; temperature dependence; the solar neutrino problem. Nucleosynthesis; the curve of binding energy; the synthesis of heavy elements. White dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes; degenerate electron and neutron gases; Chandrasekhar's Limit. Population I and Population II stars; the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram; relationships among luminosity, mass, and effective temperature for main sequence dwarfs. Evolution of post main sequence stars.

Prerequisites: Physics 2053, 2054 and 2056.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

3151. Astrophysics II (W). Stellar spectra and classification of stars. Hertzsprung-Russell diagram; equations of stellar structure for a star in equilibrium; temperature and density dependencies of nuclear processes. Formation and classification of binary stars; mass and energy transfer in binary star systems; semidetached binaries; cataclysmic variables, pulsars, etc. Galaxies and galactic structure; active galactic nuclei; cosmological redshift. Cosmology.

Prerequisites: Physics 3150 and 3220.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

3220. Classical Mechanics I (F). Kinematics and dynamics of a particle. Moving reference systems. Celestial mechanics. Systems of particles.

Prerequisites: Physics 1050 (or 1020 and 1021), Physics 1054 and AM/PM 3260. AM/PM 3260 may be taken concurrently.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

3230. Classical Mechanics II (F). Rigid body motion. Lagrange's equations. Hamilton's equations. Vibrations. Special theory of relativity.

Prerequisites: Physics 3220 and 3810 (or AM/PM 3202) and AM/PM 3260.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

3300. Introduction to Physical Oceanography (F). The course deals with the physics of processes in the ocean, but provides an integrated view of the whole field of oceanography. The importance of physical processes to other aspects of oceanography is treated.

Prerequisites: Physics 2053 and Mathematics 2000.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

3400. Thermodynamics (F). The first and second laws of thermodynamics. Entropy. Thermodynamics of real substances. Kinetic theory of matter. Introduction to statistical mechanics.

Prerequisites: Mathematics 2000, Physics 2053 and Physics 2056.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

3410. Statistical Mechanics (W). Ensembles. Classical and quantum statistical mechanics. Statistical mechanics of phase transitions. Advanced topics in statistical mechanics.

Prerequisites: Physics 3400 and 3750.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

3500. Electromagnetic Fields I (W). Electrostatic Field: field, potential, Poisson's equation, Laplace's equation, capacitance, dielectrics, polarization, electric displacement, boundary conditions. Magnetic Field: electric current and magnetic field, vector potential, Lorentz force and relativity, changing magnetic field, inductance, magnetic materials, magnetization. Maxwell's equations.

Prerequisites: Physics 2055 and 3810 (or AM/PM 3202).
Lectures: Three hours per week.

3550. Electric Circuits (F). Circuit elements. Simple resistive circuits. Techniques of circuit analysis. Topology in circuit analysis. Operational amplifiers. Reactive circuit elements. Natural response and step response of RL, RC and RLC circuits. Circuits driven by sinusoidal sources. Mutual inductance. Series and parallel resonance. Laplace transforms in the analysis of frequency response.

Prerequisites: Physics 2055, Mathematics 2050 and AM/PM 3260 which may be taken concurrently.
Lectures and Laboratory: Not more than six hours per week.

3551. Analogue Electronics (W). Review of network analysis. Feedback. Electron tubes. Semiconductor diodes. Introduction to transistors. Introduction to amplifiers. Small signal models. Small signal analysis of amplifiers. Operational amplifiers. Selected topics in circuit design such as biasing, voltage regulators and power circuits, noise.

Prerequisites: Physics 2055, 2056, 3550 and AM/PM 3260.
Lectures and Laboratory: Not more than six hours per week.
This course is recommended for students with an interest in experimental Physics.

3600. Optics (F). Geometrical Optics: thin lenses, thick lenses, mirrors, matrix methods in the treatment of optical systems. Two-beam and multiple-beam interference phenomena. Fraunhofer and Fresnel Diffraction. Introduction to Maxwell's Theory: reflection, transmission, and polarization.

Prerequisites: Mathematics 2000 and Physics 2055.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

3750. Quantum Physics I (W). Wave-particle duality of nature. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. Schrödinger equation. One electron atoms. Quantum statistics.

Prerequisites: Physics 2053, 2055, 2056, 3220, 3810 (or AM/PM 3202) and AM/PM 3260.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

3751. Quantum Physics II (W). Multielectron atoms. Molecules. Solids - conductors and semiconductors. Superconductors. Magnetic properties. Nuclear models. Nuclear decay and nuclear reactions. Properties and interactions of elementary particles.

Prerequisite: Physics 3750.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

3810. Mathematical Analysis (F). Differential calculus of multivariable functions, gradient vector and its applications. Lagrange multipliers, calculus of variations and its applications to mechanics, differentials. Multiple integration, change of variables, applications. Vector analysis, line and surface integrals; Green's theorem, Stokes' and divergence theorems, applications.

Prerequisites: Mathematics 2000 and two of Physics 2053, 2054, 2055 or 2056.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

3820. Mathematical Physics II (F). Functions of a complex variable; residue calculus. Introduction to Cartesian tensor analysis. Matrix eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Diagonalization of tensors. Matrix formulation of quantum mechanics. Quantum mechanical spin. Vector differential operators in curvilinear coordinate systems. Partial differential equations of Mathematical Physics and boundary value problems; derivation of the classical equations, separation of variables; Helmholtz equation in spherical polar coordinates.

Prerequisites: Mathematics 2001, AM/PM 3260, and Physics 3810 (or AM/PM 3202). At least six credit hours in other Physics courses numbered 3000 or higher.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

3821. Mathematical Physics III (W). Further topics on partial differential equations of Mathematical Physics and boundary value problems; Sturm-Liouville theory, Fourier series, generalized Fourier series, introduction to the theory of distributions, Dirac delta function, Green's functions, Bessel functions, Gamma functions, Legendre functions, spherical harmonics.

Prerequisite: Physics 3820.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

3900. Physics Laboratory I (W). A selection of experiments based primarily on material covered in the third year courses.

Prerequisites: At least three of Physics 3400, 3500, 3550, 3600 and 3750, which may be taken concurrently. Physics 3550 is recommended.
Laboratory: Six hours per week.

3920. Physics Laboratory II (F). A selection of experiments based primarily on Modern Physics at the intermediate level.

Prerequisite: Physics 3900.
Laboratory: Six hours per week.

4000. Solid State Physics. Crystal structure and binding, phonons and lattice vibrations, thermal properties of solids. Electrons in solids, energy bands, semi-conductors, superconductivity, dielectric properties. Magnetic properties of solids.

Prerequisites: Physics 3410 and 3751.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4200. Classical Mechanics III. Review of Lagrange's equations. Hamilton's canonical equations. Variational principles. Nöther's theorem for particles. Special relativity of particles and the electromagnetic field. Special topics at an advanced level.

Prerequisites: Physics 3230 and 3821.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4205. Introduction to Fluid Dynamics. (Same as Applied Mathematics 4180). Basic observations, mass conservation, vorticity, stress, hydrostatics, rate of strain, momentum conservation (Navier-Stokes equation), simple viscous and inviscid flows, Reynolds number, boundary layers, Bernoulli's and Kelvin's theorems, potential flows, water waves, thermodynamics.

Prerequisites: Physics 3230 and either AM 4160 or Physics 3821.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4210. Continuum Mechanics. Kinematics of deformation and flow, dynamics of deformable matter, energetics of deformation. Constitutive relations for ideal materials. Linear theory of elasticity. Dynamics of a viscous fluid. Viscoelasticity. Emphasis is on applications to physical phenomena.

Prerequisites: Physics 3230 and 3821.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4500. Electromagnetic Fields II (F). Multipole expansions, electrostatic fields as boundary value problems, polarizability of molecules in dielectric media, Clausius-Mossotti relation, gauges. Electromagnetic Waves: Poynting's theorem, reflection and transmission of electromagnetic waves, cavity resonators, wave guides. Electromagnetic Radiation: dipoles, antennas, quantum mechanics and electro-magnetic interactions. Selected topics in electrodynamics and applied electromagnetism.

Prerequisites: Physics 3500, 3821.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4600. Optics and Spectroscopy. Review of basic topics in physical optics; interference and diffraction with quasi-monochromatic and polychromatic light, spatial resolution, polarization and crystal media, dispersion. Selected topics in intermediate and advanced optics. Spectroscopic instruments.

Prerequisites: Physics 3500, 3600 and 3821.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4700. Atomic and Molecular Physics. Advanced topics in atomic and molecular physics.

Prerequisites: Physics 3500, 3751 and 3821.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4710. Nuclear Physics. Properties of stable nuclei and nuclear forces. Nuclear models. Detection of nuclear radiation: interaction of nuclear radiation with matter, nuclear detectors, statistics of nuclear counting alpha, beta, and gamma decay. Nuclear reactions. Deuteron and nuclear forces.

Prerequisites: Physics 3500, 3751 and 3821.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4820. Mathematical Physics IV. Integral transforms. Linear integral equations. Advanced topics selected from: calculus of variations, Green's functions, theory of groups.

Prerequisite: Physics 3821.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4850. Quantum Mechanics (F). Postulates of quantum mechanics. Operators and operator algebra. Matrix representations. Spin and magnetic fields. Approximation methods: WKB method, time independent perturbation theory, time dependent perturbation theory, variational methods. Elementary scattering theory.

Prerequisites: Physics 3230, 3750, 3821.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4851. Advanced Quantum Mechanics (W). General formulation of quantum mechanics, measurement theory and operators. Hilbert spaces. Advanced topics selected from: electron in a strong magnetic field and the Aharonov-Bohm effect; advanced scattering theory; systems of identical particles; Feynman path integral formulation of quantum mechanics; relativistic quantum mechanics; second quantization; symmetry and group theory; density matrix and mixtures.

Prerequisite: Physics 4850.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4900. Senior Laboratory. Selected experiments supplementing the work of the senior Physics courses.

Laboratory: A minimum of six hours per week.

490A/B. Honours Physics Thesis.

PSYCHOLOGY

PROGRAMMES IN PSYCHOLOGY

The following undergraduate programmes are available in the Department:

- Major or Honours in Psychology
- Joint Honours in Psychology and Biology
- Major or Honours in Behavioural Neuroscience (B.Sc. only)
- Diploma in Behaviour Modification with Problem Children
- Minor in Psychology

Details of joint programmes are given after the Honours B.Sc. Regulations.

ADMISSION TO MAJOR AND MINOR PROGRAMMES

Admission to the Major and Minor programmes in the Department of Psychology is competitive and selective. Students who wish to enter these programmes must submit a "Declaration/Change of Academic Programme" form to the Psychology Department by June 1 for Fall semester registration and by October 1 for Winter semester. To be eligible for admission, students must have completed 24 credit hours as listed below with an average of at least 65% in Psychology 1000/1001 and an overall average of at least 60% in Psychology, English, and Mathematics:

a) Psychology 1000, 1001
b) English 1080 and one of 1101, 1102, 1103, or 1110, or equivalents
c) Mathematics 1000 or two of 1080, 1081, 1050, 1051
d) Six credit hours in elective courses (nine if Mathematics 1000 is completed).

Students who fulfil the eligibility requirements compete for a limited number of available spaces. Selection is based on academic performance as determined by the average of grades in the Psychology, English, and Mathematics courses specified above. Applicants will be informed in writing whether or not they have been accepted within two weeks after the final date for filing applications.

ADMISSION TO HONOURS PROGRAMMES

The Honours programmes in the Department of Psychology are designed for students who would like to concentrate their studies or pursue graduate work. Students who wish to be admitted to these programmes must submit an "Application for Admission to Honours Programme Faculties of Arts or Science" to the Psychology Department by June 1 for Fall semester registration and by October 1 for Winter semester. To be eligible for admission, students must have completed at least eighteen credit hours in courses beyond the 1000 level from the list of courses required for a Major and obtained in these courses a grade of "B" or better, or an average of 75% or higher. Students who fulfill the eligibility requirements compete for a limited number of available spaces. Selection is based on academic performance as determined by the average of grades in the courses identified above; the recommendation of a potential thesis supervisor may also be considered. Applicants will be informed in writing whether or not they have been accepted within two weeks after the final date for submitting applications.

NOTE: Students are advised to consult the general regulations for Honours in the Faculty of Arts or the Faculty of Science, as appropriate.

REQUIREMENTS FOR A MAJOR IN PSYCHOLOGY

1) Students may Major in Psychology as part of either a B.A. or a B.Sc. programme. All Majors are required to complete a minimum of forty-two credit hours of Psychology as listed below:

a) Psychology 1000, 1001, 2900, 2901, 4910
b) Eighteen credit hours of laboratory courses chosen from six different areas from the following:

Development: 3050 or 3051
Social: 2160 or 3100
Learning: 2250
Perception: 2360
Cognition: 2450 or 3450
Personality & Abnormal: 2620 or 3650
Physiological: 2850 or 3800
Animal Behaviour: 3750 or 4701

c) Three credit hours of selected topics or 4000-level courses chosen from the following: 4050, 4051, 4150, 4151, 4152, 4250, 4251, 4350, 4351, 4400, 4401,4610, 4620, 4650, 4651, 4750, 4751, 4810, 4850, 4851, 4900, 4901
d) Six other credit hours of Psychology courses at the 3000 or 4000 level.

2) Psychology Majors following the B.Sc. programme are also required to complete the following:

a) Mathematics 1000, or 1080 and 1081
b) Biology 1001 and 1002
c) Either Chemistry 1000 and 1001 or equivalents; OR Physics 1020 (or 1050) and 1021 (or 1054).
d) Three credit hours of Computer Science, and
e) Six credit hours of laboratory courses at the 2000 level or above in one of Biology, Chemistry, or Physics.

NOTE: Biology/Psychology 3750 and Biology/Psychology 4701 cannot be used to satisfy the requirement of six laboratory credit hours at the 2000 level or above in either Biology, Chemistry, or Physics.

3) Psychology Majors following the B.A. programme are also required to complete Mathematics 1000 or two of 1080, 1081, 1050, 1051, and are encouraged to complete at least six credit hours in Biology and three credit hours in Computer Science.

REQUIREMENTS FOR HONOURS IN PSYCHOLOGY

1) Honours students in Psychology are required to complete the sixty credit hours of Psychology as listed below:

a) Psychology 1000, 1001, 2900, 2901, 3900, 4910, 499A/B
b) Twenty-four credit hours of laboratory courses chosen from eight different areas from those listed in Clause 1(b) of the requirements for a Major in Psychology
c) Nine credit hours of selected topics or 4000-level courses chosen from those listed in Clause 1(c) of the requirements for a Major in Psychology
d) Three other credit hours of Psychology courses at the 3000 or 4000 level.

2) Honours students must also complete the requirements listed in either Clause 2 or Clause 3, as applicable, of the requirements for a Major in Psychology.

3) Honours students will be required to submit in their graduating year, an undergraduate thesis (Psychology 499A/B) which demonstrates their competence in Experimental Psychology.

4) The attention of prospective Honours students is directed to the Joint Honours programme in Biology and Psychology, which may yield better preparation for graduate work in some areas than the Honours programme in Psychology alone.

NOTE: Students for the degree of Bachelor of Arts (Honours) may apply through the Head of the Department of Psychology for a waiver of clause 3 (c) of the Regulations for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Arts.

REQUIREMENTS FOR A MAJOR IN BEHAVIOURAL NEUROSCIENCE (B.Sc. ONLY)

A programme is offered in the Psychology Department to provide an education in Behavioural Neuroscience. Students wishing to enroll in the programme are advised to consult with the Head of the Department at the earliest opportunity. Students who intend to pursue graduate studies should take courses leading to the Honours degree.

The programme for a Major in Behavioural Neuroscience shall include:

1)a) Psychology 1000, 1001, 2900, 2901, 2850, 3800, 4910
b) One of either Psychology 4850 or 4851
c) Three further credit hours of Psychology from the Selected Topics
d) Six credit hours of laboratory courses chosen from two different areas from the following:

- Development: 3050 or 3051
- Social: 2160 or 3100
- Learning: 2250
- Perception: 2360
- Cognition: 2450 or 3450
- Personality & Abnormal: 2620 or 3650
- Animal Behaviour: 3750 or 4701

2)a) Mathematics 1081 or 1000, and 1001
b) Chemistry 1000, 1001, and 2440 or 2400/ 2401
c) Physics 1020 (or 1050) and 1021 (or 1054).
d) Biology 1001, 1002
e) English 1080 and one of 1101, 1102, 1103, or 1110, or equivalents
f) Computer Science 2602 or 1700

3) Eighteen credit hours from the following courses chosen from at least three different sciences:

- Biochemistry: 3200, 3201 or any 2000, 3000, or 4000 level course that is not in the Food and Nutrition programme
- Biology: 2210, 3050, 3060, 3160, 3202, 3250, 3401, 3500, 3530, 3540, 3900, 4200, 4241, 4245, 4402
- Chemistry: 2210, 2300 or any 3000 or 4000 level course
- Computer Science: Any 2000, 3000, or 4000 level course except service courses
- Mathematics: 2000, 2001, 2050, 2051 or any 3000 or 4000 level pure or applied mathematics course
- Physics: Any 2000, 3000, or 4000 level course except 2000, 2050, 2151, 3150, 3151

NOTE: The courses listed under Clause 3 may have prerequisites. It is the student's responsibility to ensure that all prerequisites have been met, or that waivers have been obtained, before registering for these courses.

REQUIREMENTS FOR HONOURS IN BEHAVIOURAL NEUROSCIENCE (B.Sc. ONLY)

1) Honours students shall complete the courses required for a Major in Behavioural Neuroscience and the following: Psychology 3900, 499A, and 499B.

2) In accordance with Clause 6.i. of the Regulations for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science, Honours candidates must obtain a grade of "B" or better, OR an average of 75% or higher in all the required courses listed in Clauses 1 and 3 of the requirements for a major in Behavioural Neuroscience and Clause 1 of the requirements for honours in Behavioural Neuroscience, except those at the 1000 level.

REGULATIONS FOR THE DIPLOMA IN BEHAVIOUR MODIFICATION WITH PROBLEM CHILDREN

1) A programme leading to the Diploma in Behaviour Modification with Problem Children is offered by the Department of Psychology. The intention of this programme is to prepare students for jobs in applied child psychology. Students wishing to complete this programme should consult the Head, Department of Psychology, not later than the beginning of the student's final year prior to graduation. Enrolment in the programme is limited.

2) To be eligible for admission to this programme a student must have graduated with a Major in Psychology, either Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science (or its equivalent), which must include the following courses in psychology:

a) 1000, 1001, 2900, 2901, 4910, 2250, 2620, 3050, 3650, 4650 Social: 2160, 3100
Perception: 2360, 3360
Cognition: 2450, 3450
Animal Behaviour: 3750, 4710
Physiological: 2850, 3800

3.) From students qualified for admission, selection will be based on:

a) academic performance,
b) recommendations from faculty with whom the students have worked, and
c) an interview to assess the student's personal suitability conducted by a panel which includes a representative of the Psychology Department and a representative of child treatment agencies.

4) Students accepted into the programme will enroll in Psychology 4640.

5) Students accepted into the programme will enroll in Psychology 460X: Internship in Child Behaviour Modification.

The student is assigned to full-time work with an approved agency, such as the Community Direct Home Services Programme. The work consists of applying behaviour modification techniques to solve child behaviour problems and in teaching these techniques to parents. Supervision of the student's work is conducted by qualified professionals of the agency and by a member of the University Department of Psychology who will meet with the intern weekly. Evaluation of the intern is based on:

a) proficiency in application of behaviour modification procedures as rated by supervisors,
b) a written report of the placement experience presented at the completion of the internship,
c) a written report of the placement submitted by the supervisor at the conclusion of the internship, and
d) an oral examination on child behaviour modification conducted by members of the Psychology Department and at least one full-time professional who works with children.

Upon successful completion of Psychology 460X a student will be eligible for the award of the Diploma.

REQUIREMENTS FOR A MINOR IN PSYCHOLOGY

Students who Minor in Psychology are required to complete a minimum of twenty-four credit hours of Psychology as follows:

a) Psychology 1000, 1001, 2900
b) Six credit hours of laboratory courses chosen from two different areas from those listed in Clause 1(b) of the requirements for a Major in Psychology
c) Nine other credit hours of Psychology, at least three of which must be from courses at the 4000 level.

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

Non-restricted courses

NOTE: These courses are open to all students who have the appropriate prerequisites. Psychology 1000 and 1001 are prerequisites for all Psychology courses. Students who intend to major in Psychology should note that each course marked with an asterisk is credit-restricted with a Majors laboratory course; consequently, taking these courses will reduce your options in the Majors programme.

1000 and 1001. Introduction to Psychology. An introduction to Psychology as a biological and social science. Topics shall include research methodology, physiological processes, perception, learning, memory and cognition, human development, animal behaviour, emotion, motivation, consciousness, personality and individuality, psychological disorders and treatment, and social psychology.

Psychology 1000 is a prerequisite for Psychology 1001.

*2010. The Psychology of Human Development I. A survey of principles underlying human development from the prenatal stage to adolescence. Topics covered will include sensorimotor, linguistic, perceptual, cognitive and motivational changes.

Prerequisites: Psychology 1000 and 1001.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 2010 and either of the following: Psychology 3050, Psychology 2025.

2011. The Psychology of Human Development II. An examination of relevant research on socialization and personality development with special emphasis on attachment, imitation, sex role and moral development in childhood and adolescence.

Prerequisites: Psychology 1000 and 1001.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 2011 and Psychology 2025.

2012. The Psychology of Human Development III. This course is concerned with the major physical, intellectual and interpersonal changes associated with maturity and aging. It completes the study of the life-span development of the human organism initiated in Psychology 2010 and 2011.

Prerequisites: Psychology 1000 and 1001.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 2012 and Psychology 3052.

*2100. Attitudes and Social Cognition. An examination of the concepts and principles involved in the interaction between the individual and others. Emphasis will be on the theoretical and empirical concerns of attitude formation and change, social perception, and social cognition.

Prerequisites: Psychology 1000 and 1001.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 2100 and either of the following: Psychology 3100, Psychology 2125.

*2120. Interpersonal and Group Processes. (Formerly 2101). An examination of the concepts and principles involved in the interaction between the individual and others. Emphasis will be on the theoretical and empirical concerns of interpersonal relations and group processes.

Prerequisites: Psychology 1000 and 1001.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 2120 and any of the following: Psychology 2160, Psychology 2125, the former Psychology 2101.

*2240. Survey of Learning. A survey of learning phenomena and learning theories. Topics to be studied will include a selection of the following: the evolutionary context of learning, habituation and sensitization, Pavlovian conditioning, instrumental learning, generalization and discrimination in learning, and neural mechanisms of learning.

Prerequisites: Psychology 1000 and 1001.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 2240 and any of the following: Psychology 2250, Psychology 2225, the former Psychology 2400, the former Psychology 3150.

*2440. Human Memory and Cognition. An introduction to the basic principles of human memory and information processing. Topics covered will include the organization, representation and retrieval of information in memory, attention, pattern recognition, language processing, mental imagery, reasoning, problem solving, and decision making. There will be an emphasis on the application of basic principles to real life situations.

Prerequisites: Psychology 1000 and 1001.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 2440 and either of the following: Psychology 3450, Psychology 2425.

2530. Mathematical Psychology. (Formerly 2300). Introduction to measurements and scaling, decision theories (theory of signal detectability, game theory, and individual choice theory). Application of systems theory, information theory, and mathematical learning theory.

Prerequisites: Psychology 1000 and 1001; Mathematics 1000 (or 1080 and 1081), or Mathematics 1050 and 1051, or Mathematics 1080 and 1050.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Psychology 2530 and the former Psychology 2300.

2540. Psychology of Gender and Sex Roles. An examination of the influence of gender and sex roles on development and socialization, attitude formation, cognition, personality and mental health.

2560. Intelligence. (Formerly 2650). Consideration will be given to speculations concerning the evolution of intelligence, comparative studies across species, the inheritance of intelligence, and familial, social and cultural factors in the development of intelligence.

Theories of intellectual development will also be examined.

Prerequisites: Psychology 1000 and 1001.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Psychology 2560 and the former Psychology 2650.

*2610. Personality. (Formerly 2200). A review of the research and theory pertaining to a psychological understanding of human personality.

Prerequisites: Psychology 1000 and 1001.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 2610 and any of the following: Psychology 2620, Psychology 2625, the former Psychology 2200.

2800. Drugs and Behaviour. An examination of the neurophysiology of drug action, the measurable effect of drugs on experimentally controlled behaviour, and a survey of information available on common self-administered drugs and their immediate and long-term effects.

Prerequisites: Psychology 1000 and 1001.

*2810. Brain and Behaviour. (Formerly 2500). A broad survey of physiological psychology at an elementary level. Topics will include the following: structure of the nervous system, nerve conduction, sensory and motor systems, behavioural biology of reproduction, aggression, feeding and drinking, sleep and arousal, pleasure and pain, learning and memory.

Prerequisites: Psychology 1000 and 1001.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 2810 and any of the following: Psychology 2850, Psychology 2825, the former Psychology 2500.

3350. Psychology of Sound. Physical basis of hearing, structure, and function of the ear, perception of spatial location, hearing deficits, signal detection, and speech perception, analysis and production of complex sounds (harmony, timbre, music perception, properties of musical instruments, applications to modern music).

Prerequisites: Psychology 1000 and 1001; Mathematics 1000 (or 1081), or Mathematics 1051, or Mathematics 1080 and 1050.
Laboratory period weekly.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 3350 and the former Psychology 2350. Psychology majors should note that this course does not meet the majors requirement for a laboratory course.

3400. Psycholinguistics. The psychological approach to the study of language concentrating particularly on the areas of speech, meaning, grammar and communication. The research topics to be discussed will include the child's acquisition of language, bilingualism, teaching language to animals, language pathologies, social factors in language use, discourse rules and relationships among brain structure, language and cognition.

Prerequisites: Psychology 1000 and 1001; a course in either Psychology, Linguistics or Anthropology at the 2000-level.

3430. The Psychology of Thinking. (Formerly 2430). This course will present theories and experimental studies of problem solving, creativity and decision making. Topics covered will include the difficulties encountered in problem solving and solutions such as strategies for organizing and representing information, the production of ideas, transfer and discovery learning.

Prerequisites: Psychology 1000 and 1001.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Psychology 3430 and the former Psychology 2430.

3501. Industrial Psychology. An examination of the theories and concepts of industrial psychology. Topics covered will include research and testing methods, measuring job and performance appraisal systems, personnel selection methods, personnel training and development, work motivation, work stress, designing work for people, and human engineering.

Prerequisite: Any 2000-level course in Psychology.

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Psychology 3501 and Business 4320.

3533. Sexual Behaviour. (Formerly 3300). A psychological analysis of sexual behaviour. The course will examine the physiological, behavioural, social and personality bases of the male and female sexual response, heterosexuality and homosexuality and other sexual behaviour. Other topics may include the social precursors of human sexual behaviour, sex therapy, pregnancy and childbirth, and nonhuman sexual behaviour.

Prerequisites: Psychology 1000 and 1001.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Psychology 3533 and the former Psychology 3300.

3610. Altered States of Consciousness. (Formerly 3700). The concept of consciousness and the psychophysiology of altered states. Studies of hypnagogic sleep and dream states, biofeedback, and states related to drugs, hypnosis, meditation and mystical experience.

Prerequisites: A minimum of twelve credit hours in Psychology beyond the introductory level.
Laboratory period weekly.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Psychology 3610 and the former Psychology 3700. Psychology majors should note that this course does not meet the majors requirement for a laboratory course.

*3640. The Psychology of Abnormal Behaviour. (Formerly 3600). Problems of definition, the history of beliefs about abnormal behaviour and the implication of a behavioural model for the understanding and control of behaviour problems will be discussed.

Prerequisite: Any 2000-level course in Psychology.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 3640 and any of the following: Psychology 3650, Psychology 2625, the former Psychology 3600.

4810. Human Neuropsychology. Clinical disorders of sensation, perception, movement, memory, language and emotion that have resulted from brain damage or disease will be explained on the basis of current knowledge of brain structure and function. Lateralization of function, disconnection syndromes, and mechanisms of recovery of function following brain damage will also be covered. Related experimental studies of brain structure and function in non-humans will be discussed.

Prerequisite: One of Psychology 2810, 2850 or 3800.

Majors Courses

NOTE: These courses are restricted to Majors and Minors in Psychology and Behavioural Neuroscience.

2160. Social Psychology: Group Processes. An examination of the concepts and principles involved in the understanding of the social behaviour of the individual. Emphasis will be on the theoretical, empirical and methodological concerns of interpersonal relations and group processes.

Prerequisite: Psychology 2900.
Laboratory period weekly.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 2160 and either of the following: Psychology 2120, the former Psychology 2101.

2250. Learning. (Formerly 3150). How organisms adjust their behaviour to regularities in the environment as a result of experience.

Prerequisite: Psychology 2900.
Laboratory period weekly.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 2250 and any of the following: Psychology 2240, Psychology 2225, the former Psychology 2400, the former Psychology 3150.

2360. Perception I. (Formerly 3261). A broad survey of theory and research in sensation and perception.

Prerequisite: Psychology 2900.
Laboratory period weekly.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 2360 and the former Psychology 3261.

2450. Human Memory. (Formerly 3500). An introduction to current human memory research and theory. Structures and processes involved in the encoding, storage, and retrieval of verbal and non-verbal information will be covered with an emphasis on experimental analysis and techniques.

Prerequisite: Psychology 1000, 1001 and 2900.
Laboratory period weekly.

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Psychology 2440, Psychology 2450, and the former Psychology 3500.

2620. The Experimental Study of Personality. The exploration of human personality with a focus on experimental research.

Laboratory period weekly.
Prerequisite: Psychology 2900.

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Psychology 2620, Psychology 2610, and the former Psychology 2200.

2850. Behavioural Neuroscience. A survey of knowledge about brain mechanisms of behaviour and the methods used to generate this knowledge. Topics will include the following: basic neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, somatosensory systems and pain, reward, mental illness, sleep and arousal, developmental neurobiology, sexual development and behaviour, regulation of eating and body weight, learning and memory, and cortical function, including cortical mediation of language.

Prerequisite: Psychology 2900
Laboratory period weekly

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 2850 and any of the following: Psychology 2810, Psychology 2825, the former Psychology 2500.

2900. Design and Analysis I. (Formerly 2510). An introduction to the design of psychological research. Topics to be studied include advantages and disadvantages of the experimental method, the logic, nature, and problem of control, basics of measurement and types of research designs. In addition, applications of such statistical techniques as the t-test, correlation, simple linear regression, chi square, and selected nonparametrics to the analysis of data obtained with elementary research designs, will be considered with special attention to problems inherent in psychological research.

Prerequisites: Psychology 1000 and 1001; Mathematics 1000 or two of 1080, 1081, 1050, 1051.
Laboratory period weekly.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 2900 and any of the following: Psychology 2925, Statistics 2500, Statistics 2510, Statistics 2550.

2901. Design and Analysis II. (Formerly 2511). Standard research designs in psychology, between-subject designs with one, two, and three independent variables. The concept of interaction, and its implication for psychological theory, in designs with two and three independent variables. Problems created by unequal numbers of subjects in the various treatment conditions and within-subject designs with one independent variable. An introduction to specific comparisons, applications of the analysis of variance to data obtained with these standard research designs, with special attention to problems inherent in psychological research.

Prerequisites: Psychology 2900.
Laboratory period weekly.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 2901 and any of the following: Psychology 2950, Statistics 2501, Statistics 2560.

3050. Developmental Psychology I. An examination of the methods of study and an evaluation of current findings and theoretical issues of importance to an understanding of development. Topics will be drawn from perception, learning, cognition, social learning, memory and language development.

Prerequisite: Psychology 2900.
Laboratory period weekly.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 3050 and Psychology 2010.

3051. Developmental Psychology II. An examination of the methods of study and an evaluation of current findings and theoretical issues of importance to an understanding of development. The central focus is the nature/nurture issue. Course material will be drawn from such topics as intelligence and intelligence testing, behaviour genetics, maturation/learning, prenatal development, attachment processes, sensitive periods, nutrition, and intervention research.

Prerequisite: Psychology 2900.
Laboratory period weekly.

3052. The Psychology of Aging. This course will evaluate current research in the psychology of aging. The behavioural processes to be examined will include changes in perception, memory, problem solving and adjustment. Assessment and intervention strategies will also be discussed.

Prerequisites: Psychology 2900.
Laboratory period weekly.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 3052 and Psychology 2012.

3100. Social Psychology: Social Cognition. An examination of the concepts and principles involved in the understanding of the social behaviour of the individual. Emphasis will be on the theoretical, empirical, and methodological concerns of social cognition, attitude formation and change, and interpersonal perception.

Prerequisite: Psychology 2901.
Laboratory period weekly.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 3100 and Psychology 2100.

3251. Advanced Learning. (Formerly 3151). How human and animal behaviour is affected by reinforcement and expectation. Topics covered will include theories of reinforcement for both operant and Pavlovian conditioning and operant-Pavlovian interactions.

Prerequisites: Psychology 2250 and Psychology 2900.
Laboratory period weekly.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Psychology 3251 and the former Psychology 3151.

3252. Learning Processes and Drug Effects. Explanations of many of the behavioural effects of drugs can be found in learning and conditioning theory. This course will provide a careful examination of such processes as drug state conditioning and discrimination, drug effects on operant behaviour, drug self-administration and tolerance.

Prerequisites: Psychology 2250 and Psychology 2900.
Laboratory period weekly.

3360. Perception II. A major area of current interest in perception research will be examined in depth.

Prerequisites: Psychology 2360 and 2900.
Prerequisite or Co-requisite: Psychology 2901.
Laboratory period weekly.

3450. Human Cognition. An introduction to the experimental study of the mental representations and processes involved in human cognition. Topics such as attention, perception and pattern recognition, concepts and the organization of knowledge, language processes, mental imagery, reasoning, problem solving, decision making and skilled performance will be covered with an emphasis on experimental analysis and techniques.

Prerequisite: Psychology 2900.
Laboratory period weekly.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 3450 and either of the following: Psychology 2440, Psychology 2425.

3650. The Experimental Study of Abnormal Behaviour. A literature review of research on major behavior problems.

Prerequisites: Psychology 2901 and one laboratory course from Clause 1(b) of the requirements for a Major in Psychology.
Laboratory period weekly.

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Psychology 3640, Psychology 3650, and the former Psychology 3600.

3750. Animal Behaviour I. (Same as Biology 3750). An introduction to the mechanisms and development of the behaviour of animals. Topics include the history of ethology and comparative psychology, methods of animal behaviour study, behaviour of animals in relation to physiology, sensory function, learning, communication, orientation, and other areas in Biology and Psychology.

Prerequisites: Biology 1001, 1002 and Psychology 2900.
Laboratory period weekly.

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Psychology 3750, Biology 3750, the former Psychology 4700 or the former Biology 4700.

3800. Physiological Psychology. An introduction to the structure and function of the vertebrate nervous system as it relates to behaviour. Topics covered will include neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, sensory systems, motor systems, and development and plasticity of the nervous system.

Prerequisite: Psychology 2900.
Laboratory period weekly.

3900. Design and Analysis III. (Formerly 3520). Complex and specialized research design in Psychology. Multifactor research designs that employ both between- and within-subjects independent variables. Advantages and disadvantages of using multifactor research designs to test psychological hypotheses. Hierarchical designs and incomplete factorials. The use of covariates and blocking to increase experimental precision. Problems created by missing data. Single subject designs. How to answer specific psychological questions in the context of complex designs. The design and analysis of non-experimental psychological research. Applications of such techniques as the analysis of variance and multiple linear regression to the data obtained with these research designs, with special attention to problems inherent in psychological research.

Prerequisite: Psychology 2901.
Laboratory period weekly.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 3900 and any of the following: Psychology 3950, Statistics 3520, the former Psychology 3520.

4050. Selected Topics in Developmental Psychology I.

Prerequisite: Psychology 3050 or 3051.

4051. Selected Topics in Developmental Psychology II.

Prerequisite: Psychology 3050 or 3051.

4150. Selected Topics in Social Psychology I. (Formerly 4200).

Prerequisite: Psychology 2160 or 3100.

4151. Selected Topics in Social Psychology II. (Formerly 4201).

Prerequisite: Psychology 2160 or 3100.

4152. Selected Topics in Applied Social Psychology. (Formerly 4203).

Prerequisite: Psychology 3100.

4250. Selected Topics in Learning and Motivation I. (Formerly 4300).

Prerequisite: Psychology 2250.

4251. Selected Topics in Learning and Motivation II. (Formerly 4301).

Prerequisite: Psychology 2250.

4350. Selected Topics in Perception I. A specific topic of current interest in perception will be intensively examined.

Prerequisites: Psychology 2360 and 2901.
Recommended prerequisite: Psychology 3360.

4351. Selected Topics in Perception II. A specific topic of current interest in perception will be intensively examined.

Prerequisites: Psychology 2360 and 2901.
Recommended prerequisite: Psychology 3360.

4400. Selected Topics in Cognition I.

Prerequisite: Psychology 2450 or 3450.

4401. Selected Topics in Cognition II.

Prerequisite: Psychology 2450 or 3450.

460X. Internship in Child Behaviour Modification.

NOTE: Credit for this course may not be applied toward a B.A. or B.Sc.

4610. Selected Topics in Personality I. (Formerly 4100).

Prerequisite: Psychology 2620.

4620. Selected Topics in Personality II. (Formerly 4101).

Prerequisite: Psychology 2620.

4640. Selected Topics in Applied Behavioural Analysis Procedures with Children. The application of the principles of learning and practice in the assessment and treatment of behaviour problems in children. Treatment is based primarily on contingency management techniques. A practicum in an applied setting is an integral part of the course.

Prerequisites: Psychology 2250, 2620, 3050 and 3650, or permission of the Head of the Department.

NOTE: Psychology 4640 is open only to students enrolled in the programme leading to the Diploma in Behaviour Modification with Problem Children.

4650. Selected Topics in Abnormal Behaviour I.

Prerequisite: Psychology 3640 or 3650.

4651. Selected Topics in Abnormal Behaviour II.

Prerequisite: Psychology 3640 or 3650.

4701. Animal Behaviour II. (Same as Biology 4701). An examination of the behaviour of animals with particular emphasis on evolution and ecology. Topics include behavioural genetics and evolution, reproductive strategies, social behaviour, habitat selection, territoriality, foraging behaviour, and other topics in Biology and Psychology.

Prerequisite: Biology/Psychology 3750.
Laboratory period weekly.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 4701 and Psychology 4701.

4750. Selected Topics in Animal Behaviour I.

Prerequisite: Psychology 3750; or Biology 3750 (Formerly Biology 4700).

4751. Selected Topics in Animal Behaviour II.

Prerequisite: Psychology 3750; or Biology 3750 (Formerly Biology 4700).

4850. Selected Topics in Physiological Psychology I.

Prerequisite: Psychology 2810, 2850 or 3800.

4851. Selected Topics in Physiological Psychology II.

Prerequisite: Psychology 2810, 2850 or 3800.

4900. Selected Topics in Psychometrics and Data Analysis I.

Prerequisite: Psychology 2901.

4901. Selected Topics in Psychometrics and Data Analysis II.

Prerequisite: Psychology 2901.

4910. Systems in Contemporary Psychology. A study of paradigms and explanations in contemporary psychology in the context of their historical antecedents.

Prerequisites: Seventy-eight credit hours in University courses including (a) six credit hours in Psychology laboratory courses from Clause 1(b) of the requirements for a Major in Psychology or (b) Psychology 3425 or (c) Psychology 3950.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Psychology 4910 and the former Psychology 4000 or 4001.

499A/499B. Honours Dissertation. A six credit hours linked course, based on independent study of an approved problem in Psychology. The topic will be chosen in consultation with the Faculty Advisor. The first semester will normally involve directed reading in this area, and preparation of a dissertation proposal. The second semester will be devoted to conducting the study, gathering data, data analysis and preparation of a formal written report. The dissertation must be submitted for grading before the end of the tenth week of the semester in which the student is registered for 499B.

Prerequisite: Admission to the Honours Programme.

SCIENCE

1000. A liberal science course for Arts students, which reflects the way scientists think and work through historical, philosophical and social considerations of the environment we live in. Typical course content includes: the concepts of matter, motion and energy; the chemical basis for life and the interdependence of organisms; and the abundance and distribution of the Earth's natural resourses.

Three lectures a week.
No laboratory.

1001. Continuation of the above.

NOTE: Science 1000 is a prerequisite for Science 1001. Science 1000/1001 must not be taken by a student who intends to major in Science.

115A/B. An introduction to some concepts of the Physical and Biological Sciences. These courses are primarily intended for students proceeding to the degree of Bachelor of Education (Primary or Elementary).

Laboratory: Three hours per week.
A student beyond the first year may register for these courses only with the permission of the Dean of the Faculty.

NOTE: These courses are not acceptable as prerequisites to 2000-level courses in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Geography or Earth Science.


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