Memorial University of Newfoundland

OFFICE OF THE REGISTRAR


FACULTY OF ARTS

Dean

Murphy, T.M., B.A. Saint Mary's, M.A. Fordham, Ph.D. Newcastle-upon-Tyne; Professor of Religious Studies

Associate Dean

Black, J.R., B.A.(Hons.) Toronto, M.A. Memorial, Ph.D. London; Associate Professor of Linguistics

Executive Assistant to the Dean

Millan, R., B.Voc.Ed. Memorial

DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY

Head

Renouf, M.A.P., B.A., M.A. Memorial, Ph.D. Cantab.; Associate Professor; Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research 1992-93

Professors

Andersen, R.R., B.A. Knox, M.A. Emory, Ph.D. Missouri

Briggs, J.L., M.A. Boston, Ph.D. Harvard; University Research Professor, Awarded 1986, Henrietta Harvey Professor, 1994-97

Inglis, G.B., B.A., M.A., Ph.D. British Columbia

Leyton, E.H., B.A., M.A. British Columbia, Ph.D. Toronto

Tanner, A., B.A., M.A. British Columbia, Ph.D. Toronto

Tuck, J.A., A.B., Ph.D. Syracuse, F.R.S.C.; University Research Professor, Awarded 1984, and Chair, Archaeology Unit

Associate Professors

Brown, S.C., B.A. Melbourne, Ph.D. Toronto

Chiaramonte, L.J., B.A. Brandeis, M.A. Columbia

Deal, M., B.A. Dalhousie, Ph.D. Simon Fraser

Jerkic, S.M., B.A. Beloit College, M.A., Ph.D. Toronto

Kennedy, J.C., B.A. Denver, M.A. Massachusetts, Ph.D. Michigan State

Nemec, T.F., B.A., M.A., Ph.D. Michigan

Assistant Professors

Clark, J.R., B.A. Memorial

Krentz, H.B., B.A. San Jose State, Ph.D. Washington

Roseman, S.R., B.A. Toronto, M.A., Ph.D. McMaster

Tate, M., B.A. York, M.Sc. London, Ph.D. London School of Economics

DEPARTMENT OF CLASSICS

Acting Head

Butrica, J.L., B.A. Amherst, M.A., Ph.D. Toronto, Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1986-87; Professor

Professors

Bruce, I.A.F., M.A. Cantab., Dip.Ed., Ph.D. Sheffield

Clark, R.J., B.A., Cert. Ed., Ph.D. Exeter

Whittaker, J., M.A. Manchester, Dip.Ed. Trondheim, Dr. Phil. Bergen; University Research Professor, Awarded 1989

Associate Professors

Joyal, M.A., B.A. Manitoba, Ph.D. St. Andrews

Kennell, N.M., B.A. British Columbia, M.A., Ph.D. Toronto

Tronson, A., B.A. Natal, M.A. South Africa

Lecturer

Robertson, G., B.A. Toronto, M.Phil. Oxon

DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS

Head

Tsoa, E.Y., B.A. Taiwan, M.A., Ph.D. Notre Dame; Professor

Professors

May, J.D., B.Comm. Queen's, D.Phil. York (England)

Roy, N., B.A. McGill, Ph.D. Johns Hopkins

Schrank, W.E., B.Mech.Eng. Cooper Union, M.Indl.Eng. New York, M.S., Ph.D. Wisconsin

Veysoglu, R., M.S. Wisconsin, Ph.D. Missouri

Associate Professors

Feehan, J.P., B.A. Memorial, M.Sc. London, Ph.D. Carleton

Locke, L.W., B.Sc., B.A. Memorial, M.A., Ph.D. McMaster

Riser, G.E., B.S. Utah

Assistant Professors

Biswal, B.P., B.A., M.A. Utkel (India), Ph.D. Queen's

Chu, K.H., B.Soc.Sc. Hong Kong, M.Phil. Chinese University of Hong Kong, Ph.D. Toronto

Lynch, S.J., B.A. Wilfrid Laurier, M.A. McMaster

Waples, M.J., B.Ec.(Hons.) Sydney, M.A. Waterloo, Ph.D. McMaster, A.C.A. Australia

Wernerheim, C.M., B.A. Simon Fraser, Ph.D. Uppsala

DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

Head

Jones, G.P., B.A. Leeds, M.A. McMaster, Ph.D. London; Professor

Professores Emeriti

Kirwin, W.J., B.A. Bowdoin, M.A., Ph.D. Chicago

Macdonald, A.A., M.A. Aberdeen, B.Litt. Oxon, Ph.D. Manchester, I.O.M., L.F.I.B.A.

Pitt, D.G., B.A. Mount Allison, M.A., Ph.D. Toronto, LL.D. Mount Allison

Professors

Buchanan, R., B.A. Keele, Ph.D. Birmingham

Dawe, T., B.A., B.A.(Ed.), M.A. Memorial

Gardner, A., B.A.(Hons.), Grad. Cert. Ed. London, M.A. Memorial

Gardner, P.G., M.A. Cantab., Ph.D. Liverpool, F.R.S.L.; University Research Professor, Awarded 1988

King, E.H., M.A., Ed.Dip. Memorial, Ph.D. London

Miller, E., B.A., B.A.(Ed.), M.A., Ph.D. Memorial; Winner of the President's Award for Distinguished Teaching, 1991-92

Nichol, D.W., B.A.(Hons.), M.A. Carleton, Ph.D. Edinburgh; Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1993-94

O'Dea, S., B.A., M.A. Memorial, Winner of the President's Award for Distinguished Teaching, 1988-89

O'Flaherty, P.A., M.A. Memorial, Ph.D. London

Peters, H.R., B.A.(Hons.), M.A. Memorial, D.Phil. Oxon

Rompkey, R.G., C.D., M.A., B.Ed. Memorial, Ph.D. London, F.R.Hist.S.

Schrank, B., B.A. Brooklyn, M.A., Ph.D. Wisconsin

Associate Professors

Algoo-Baksh, S., B.A., M.A., Ph.D. Memorial

Artiss, P., Dip. Ed. Acadia, M.A.(Hons.) Edinburgh, Ph.D. Texas

Ayers, P.K., B.A.(Hons.), M.A., Ph.D. Toronto

Barker, W.W., B.A. Dartmouth, B.Ed., M.A., Ph.D. Toronto

Barry, M., B.A.(Ed.), M.A. Memorial

Buehler, R.E., B.A. Illinois College, M.A. Indiana

Byrne, P.A., B.A. Iona, M.A., Ph.D. Memorial

Casey, G.J., B.A., B.A.(Ed.), M.A. Memorial, Ph.D. Sheffield

Cumming, M.D., B.A.(Hons.) Wilfrid Laurier, B.Ed. Lakehead, M.A., Ph.D. Western Ontario, Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1989-90

Dalton, M., B.A.(Hons.) Toronto, M.A. Memorial

Golfman, N., B.A. Alberta, M.A., Ph.D. Western Ontario

Guthrie, J., M.A. Edinburgh, P.G.C.E. Moray House, Edinburgh, M.A. McMaster

Hollett, R., B.A., M.Phil. Memorial

Jones, H., B.A.(Ed.), M.A. Memorial

Lynde, D.C., B.A.(Hons.) Queen's, M.A., Ph.D. Toronto

Mathews, L.M., B.A.(Hons.), M.A. Carleton, Ph.D. British Columbia

Mazurkewich, I., B.A.(Hons.) Loyola, M.A. McGill, Ph.D. Montreal

O'Dwyer, B.T., B.A. Saint Mary's, M.A. Memorial, P.G.Dip. The Hague, Ph.D. Edinburgh

Schipper, W., B.A., M.A. Windsor, Ph.D. Queen's

Shorrocks, G., B.A.(Hons.), P.G.C.E. Birmingham, M.A., Ph.D. Sheffield

Spencer, L.K., B.A., B.A.(Ed.), M.A. Memorial

Staveley, A., B.A.(Hons.), Post.grad. Dip.Ed. Reading, M.A., Ph.D. Memorial; Winner of the President's Award for Distinguished Teaching, 1994-95

Varsava, J.A., B.A., M.A. Helsinki, Ph.D. Vanderbilt; Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1993-94

Wallace, R., B.A. St. Thomas, M.A. New Brunswick

Walsh, D., B.A., M.A. Wyoming

Wood, R., B.A. Wales, M.A. McMaster, Ph.D. Wales

Woods, M.J., B.A. Iona, B.Ed., M.A. Memorial, Ph.D. Rhode Island

Assistant Professors

Balisch, L.F., B.A. King's College, B.Ed. Dalhousie, M.A., Ph.D. Memorial

Ingersoll, S., B.A. Mount Allison, M.A. Memorial

Kromm, S.G., B.A.(Hons.), B.Ed.(Hons.), M.A. Memorial, Ph.D. London

Legge, V.E., B.A., B.Ed., M.A., Ph.D. Memorial

McGrath, E., B.A., M.A., Memorial, B. Litt. Oxon

Vecchi, L.M., B.A. Nazareth College of Rochester, M.A. St. Bonaventure Univ., Ph.D. Western Ontario

Lecturers

Benger, J., B.A. McGill, M.A. Toronto

Cutmore, J.B., B.A., M.A., Ph.D. Toronto

Hanson, R.R., B.A. Western Ontario, M.A. Toronto

Innes-Parker, C.A., B.A.(Hons.), M.A. McMaster, Ph.D. Memorial

Nolan, M., B.A., M.A., Ph.D. Memorial

Administrative Staff Specialist

Sidel, D.

DEPARTMENT OF FOLKLORE

Head

Smith, P.S., B.A., Ph.D. Sheffield; Professor

Professor Emeritus

Halpert, H., B.S. New York, M.A. Columbia, Ph.D. Indiana

Professors

Pocius, G.L., B.S. Drexel, M.A. Memorial, Ph.D. Pennsylvania, Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1988-89

Rosenberg, N.V., B.A. Oberlin, M.A., Ph.D. Indiana

Thomas, G.R., B.A. Wales, M.A., Ph.D. Memorial

Associate Professors

Goldstein, D.E., B.A. Memorial, M.A., Ph.D. Pennsylvania; Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1994-95

Lovelace, M.J., B.A. Wales, M.A. Alberta, M.A., Ph.D. Memorial

Narváez, P.R., B.A. Drew, M.A., Ph.D. Indiana

Assistant Professor

Tye, D., B.A. Mount Allison, M.A., Ph.D. Memorial

DEPARTMENT OF FRENCH AND SPANISH

FRENCH

Head

Harger-Grinling, V., B.A., M.A., Dip Hons. Auckland, Ph.D. British Columbia; Professor

Professors

Bishop, N., B.A., B.Ed., M.A. Saskatchewan, D. IIIe cycle Université de Provence

Graham, D., B.A. Saskatchewan, M.A., Ph.D. Western Ontario

Lemelin, J.M., B.A., M.A., Ph.D. Sherbrooke

Thomas, G.R., B.A. Wales, M.A., Ph.D. Memorial; Director, C.E.F.T.

Associate Professors

Ayres, P.C.R., M.A., B.Litt. Oxon

Black, J.R., B.A. Toronto, M.A. Memorial, Ph.D. London

Chadwick, A.R., B.A. Manchester, M.A. McMaster

Champdoizeau, M., B.A., B.Péd. Laval, M.Ed. Memorial

Gamble, D.R., B.A., M.A. Toronto, D.Phil. Oxon

Hare, J., M.A. Oxon, P.G.C.E., Dip.Ed. Reading

Hesson, I., M.A., P.G.C.E. Glasgow, M.A. Memorial, Ph.D. London

Luke, M., B.A. Bristol

MacDonald, A.A., M.A., Dip.Ed., M.Litt. Aberdeen, Ph.D. Harvard; Medieval Studies Programme Supervisor

O'Reilly, M., B.A.(Hons.) Carleton, M.A., Ph.D. Ottawa; Acting First-Year French Coordinator

Park, F., B.A. McMaster, P.G.C.E., Dip.Ed. London, D.-ès-L. Caen

Smith, M., B.A., Ph.D. London

Thomas, M., B.A. Memorial

Thoms, A., B.A. Montreal, B.Ed. Dalhousie

Wilkshire, F., B.A. Birmingham, M.-ès-L. Dijon

Wilkshire, M.A., B.A. Birmingham, M.A. Carleton, D. IIIe cycle Dijon

Assistant Professors

Black, J.H., B.A.(Hons.) Reading, P.G.C.E. London, M.Ed. Memorial; Winner of the President's Award for Distinguished Teaching, 1995-96

MacLean, J., B.A.(Hons.), M.A. British Columbia, D.IIIe cycle Strasbourg II

Thareau, A., B.A., M.A. Nantes, Doctorat Nouveau Régime Sorbonne-Nouvelle; Director, Institut Frecker

Associate Professor (Institut Frecker)

Jamieson, S., B.A.(Hons.) Memorial, M.A. Laval, Doctorat Sorbonne-Nouvelle

SPANISH

Associate Professor

Salama, M., B.A. Toronto, M.A. Queen's, Ph.D. Toronto

Lecturers

Cheadle, N., B.A. Concordia, A.B.D. McGill

Duarte, K., Private Ed. Dip. Ponta Delgada, Azores

LANGUAGE LABORATORY

Director

Thomeier, K., B.Sc., B.A. Memorial, M.A. McMaster

Programmer Consultant

Bates, J., B.Sc. Acadia, M.Sc. Memorial

DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY

Head

Butler, K.G., B.Sc.(Hons.), B.Ed. Memorial, M.Sc. McGill; Associate Professor

Professors

Handcock, W.G., B.A.(Ed.), B.A., M.A. Memorial, Ph.D. Birmingham

Jacobs, J.D., B.A. Adams State, M.A., Ph.D. Colorado

Mannion, J.J., B.A., M.A. National University of Ireland, Ph.D. Toronto

Sanger, C.W., B.A.(Ed.), B.A., M.A. Memorial, M.Ed. Ottawa, Ph.D. Dundee

Staveley, M., B.A., M.A. Reading, Ph.D. Alberta

Storey, K.J., B.A. Leicester, M.A. Simon Fraser, Ph.D. Western Ontario

White, R., B.A. Swarthmore, M.A., Ph.D. North Carolina

Wood, C.H., B.S., M.S. Idaho, Ph.D. Wisconsin; Director, Memorial University Cartographic Laboratory (MUNCL)

Associate Professors

Allderdice, W.H., B.S., M.S. Montana, Ph.D. Columbia

Banfield, C.E., B.Sc.(Hons.), Ph.D. Wales

Catto, N.R., B.Sc.(Hons.) Queen's, M.Sc., Ph.D. Alberta

Farmer, G.H., B.A.(Hons.), Dip.Ed. British Columbia, M.A. Alberta; Winner of the President's Award for Distinguished Teaching, 1992-93

Nowak, W.S.W., B.A., Ph.D. London

Sharpe, C.A., B.A.(Hons.) Carleton, M.A., Ph.D. Toronto; Acting Dean of Graduate Studies

Shawyer, A.J., B.A. Western Ontario, M.A., Ph.D. Nottingham

Assistant Professors

Bath, A.J., B.A.(Hons.) Wilfrid Laurier, M.A. Wyoming, Ph.D. Calgary

Bell, T.J., B.A. Trinity College Dublin, M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Alberta

Simms, A., B.A. Memorial, M.Sc., Ph.D. Calgary; Director, GEOIDAL

Simms, É.L., B.Sc. Montreal, M.Sc. Sherbrooke, Ph.D. Montreal

Adjunct Associate Professors

Liverman, D.G.E., B.Sc.(Hons.) Edinburgh, M.Sc., Ph.D. Alberta

Shrimpton, M., B.A. Reading, M.A. Memorial

DEPARTMENT OF GERMAN AND RUSSIAN

Head

Ilgner, R.M., B.A. Toronto, M.A., Ph.D. Waterloo; Associate Professor

Professor Emeritus

Jackson, H.H., B.A., P.G.C.E. London, LL.D. Vienna

Associate Professors

Buffinga, J.O., B.A., M.A. Western Ontario, Ph.D. British Columbia

Durrant, J.S., B.A. Western Ontario, M.A. Toronto, Ph.D. London

Sampath, U., B.A., B.Ed. Memorial, D.Phil. Oxon

Snook, J.M., B.A. Toronto, M.A. Queen's, Ph.D. Waterloo, A.R.C.T. Toronto

Assistant Professors

Rollmann, M., B.A. Indiana, M.A. McMaster

Warkentin, E., B.A. Winnipeg, M.A., Ph.D. Alberta

Lecturer

Knighton, M., B.A. Victoria, M.A. Toronto

DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY

Head

Kealey, L., B.A., B.L.S., M.A., Ph.D. Toronto, F.R.Hist.S.; Associate Professor

Professor Emeritus

Mui, H.C., B.A. Lingnan, M.A., Ph.D. Columbia

Professors

Bassler, G.P., Cand. Phil. Munich, Ph.D. Kansas

Bruce, I.A.F., M.A. Cantab., Dip.Ed., Ph.D. Sheffield

Cherwinski, W.J.C., B.A., M.A. Saskatchewan, Ph.D. Alberta

den Otter, A.A., B.A., Dordt, M.A., Ph.D. Alberta

English, C.J.B., B.A. Toronto, B.Ed. Memorial M.A., Ph.D. Toronto, LL.B. Dalhousie

Facey-Crowther, D.R., B.A., M.A. New Brunswick, Ph.D. London

Fischer, L.R., B.A. SUNY, M.A. Toronto, M.A. York

Hiller, J.K., B.A. Oxon, M.A. Memorial, Ph.D. Cantab., F.R.Hist.S.

Kealey, G.S., B.A. Toronto, M.A., Ph.D. Rochester, F.R.Hist.S.; Winner of President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1985-86; University Research Professor, Awarded 1992

MacLeod, M.K., B.A. Dalhousie, M.A. Toronto, Ph.D. Ottawa

Ommer, R.E., M.A. Glasgow, M.A. Memorial, Ph.D. McGill

Pastore, R.T., B.A., M.A., Ph.D. Notre Dame

Pierson, S.O., B.A. Washington, Ph.D. Yale

Ryan, S.P., B.A.(Ed.), B.A., M.A. Memorial, Ph.D. London, F.R. Hist.S.

Vickers, D.F., B.A. Toronto, Ph.D. Princeton; Chairman, Maritime Studies Research Unit, Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1991-92

Associate Professors

Bosák, E., B.A. Brock, B.Ed. Memorial, M.A. Waterloo, Ph.D. London

Burton, V.C., B.A., M.A. Lancaster, Dip.Ed. Sussex, Ph.D. London

Dawe, L., B.A. Memorial, M.A. Toronto

Evans, T.W., B.A. New Brunswick, M.A. London

Panjabi, R.K., B.A., LL.B., M.A. London, Ph.D. Peradeniya

Reeves, W.G., B.A., M.A. Memorial, Ph.D. Maine

Sweeny, R.C.H., B.A. Sir George Williams, M.A. Québec à Montréal, Ph.D. McGill

Youé, C.P., B.A. Lancaster, M.A., Ph.D. Dalhousie

Assistant Professors

Bishop-Stirling, T.L., B.A. Memorial, M.A. Queen's

Hart, P., B.A. Queen's, M.A. Yale, Ph.D. Trinity College, Dublin

Zadnik, I.A., B.A. British Columbia, Ph.D. Cantab

DEPARTMENT OF LINGUISTICS

Acting Head

Mazurkewich, I., B.A.(Hons.) Loyola, M.A. McGill, Ph.D. Montreal; Associate Professor

Professors

Bubenik, V., P.Ph., Ph.Dr. Brno; University Research Professor, Awarded 1996

Clarke, S.A., B.A. Memorial, M. ès A., D. ès L. Laval

Hewson, J., B.A. London, M. ès A., D. de l'U. Laval; University Research Professor, Awarded 1985

Nurse, D., B.A. Manchester, M.A., Cand. Phil. Berkeley, Ph.D. Dar es Salaam

Paddock, H.J., B.A.(Ed.), B.A., M.A. Memorial, Ph.D. London

Associate Professors

Black, J.R., B.A.(Hons.) Toronto, M.A. Memorial, Ph.D. London

Johns, A., B.A. Carleton, M.A., Ph.D. Ottawa

Steinbergs, A., B.A., M.A. Toronto, Ph.D. Illinois (Urbana Champaign)

Assistant Professors

Branigan, P., B.A., M.A. Ottawa, Ph.D. M.I.T.

MacKenzie, M.E., B.A., M.A. McGill, Ph.D. Toronto; Canada Research Fellow

Lecturer

Dyck, C., B.A.(Hons.) Saskatchewan, M.A., Ph.D. Toronto

DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY

Head

Thompson, D.L., B.Sc. Alberta, M.A. West Virginia, Ph.D. Louvain; Associate Professor

Professors

Andrews, F.E., B.A. New Orleans, M.A. St. John's

Harris, P.F., B.A. London, M.A. Cantab, S.T.D. Greg Rome

Lai, T.L., B.Sc. Hong Kong, M.Sc. London, Ph.D. U.C.S.D.

Langford, M.J., M.A. Oxon, M.A. Cantab. Ph.D. London

Maxwell, D.V., B.A. Mount Allison, M.A., Ph.D. Toronto

Scott, J.A., B.A. Memorial, B.A., M.A. Cantab., Ph.D. Edinburgh

Associate Professors

Bradley, J.A.J., B.A., M.A., Ph.D. Cantab

Assistant Professors

Stafford, A.M., B.A., M.A. Memorial, Ph.D. Edinburgh

Trnka, P., B.A., M.A., Ph.D. Toronto

DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE

Head

McGrath, W., B.A., M.A. McMaster, Ph.D. Carleton; Associate Professor

Professors

Close, D.W., B.S.F.S. Georgetown, M.A. Wayne State, Ph.D. McGill

McCorquodale, S., B.A. Queen's, M.A. Manchester, Ph.D. Queen's

Wolinetz, S.B., B.A. Cornell, M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D. Yale

Associate Professors

Boswell, P.G., B.A. Toronto, M.A., Ph.D. Carleton, A.C.I.S., P.Adm.

Graesser, M.W., B.A. Reed College

Hartmann, G., B.A. Columbia, M.A., Ph.D. Washington

Tomblin, S.G., B.A. Calgary, M.A. Dalhousie, Ph.D. British Columbia

Wallack, M., B.A. City College, N.Y.

Assistant Professors

Dunn, C., B.A. Manitoba, M.A., Ph.D. Toronto

Murphy, D.J., B.A. Alberta

Summers, V.A., B.A. Memorial, M.A. York, Ph.D. Carleton

Adjunct Associate Professor

Penney, R.G., B.A. Memorial, LL.B. Toronto

DEPARTMENT OF RELIGIOUS STUDIES

Head

Hawkin, D.J., B.D. London, P.G.C.E. Leeds, M.A., Ph.D. McMaster; Professor

Professors

Bell, D.N., M.A. Leeds, M.A., D.Phil. Oxon; University Research Professor, Awarded 1994

Murphy, T.M., B.A. Saint Mary's, M.A. Fordham, Ph.D. Newcastle-upon-Tyne; Dean of Arts

Rollmann, H., B.A. Pepperdine, M.A. Vanderbilt, Ph.D. McMaster; Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1986-87

Associate Professor

Parker, K.I., B.A.(Hons.), M.A., Ph.D. McMaster

Assistant Professors

DeRoche, M.P., B.A.(Hons.) Acadia, M.Th. Laval, M.A., Ph.D. McMaster

Porter, J., B.A.(Hons.) Queen's, M.A., Ph.D. McMaster

Rainey, L.D., B.A., M.A., Ph.D. Toronto

Shute, M.R., B.A. Acadia, M.T.S. Atlantic School of Theology, S.T.L., S.T.D. Regis, Th.D. Toronto

DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY

Head

Neis, B., B.A., M.A. Memorial, Ph.D. Toronto; Associate Professor

Professors

House, J.D., B.A. Memorial, M.A. Oxford, Ph.D. McGill

Meja, V., Dip. Soz. Frankfurt, Ph.D. Brandeis

Overton, D.J.B., B.Sc. Hull, M.A., Ph.D. Western Ontario

Porter, M., M.A. Trinity College, Dublin, Ph.D. Bristol

Schwartz, R., B.A., M.A. California, Ph.D. Toronto

Sinclair, P.R., M.A. Aberdeen, Ph.D. Edinburgh; University Research Professor, Awarded 1992

Zaslavsky, V.L., M.A. Leningrad

Associate Professors

Adler, J., B.A. California, Ph.D. Brandeis

Baehr, W.P., B.A. Leicester, Cert.Ed. Manchester, Ph.D. Leicester

Felt, L.F., B.A. Oberlin College, Ph.D. Northwestern

Herrick, C.A., B.A., M.A. Catholic U., M.A. Emory, Ph.D. Johns Hopkins

Hill, R., B.A. Leicester, M.A., Ph.D. Brown

Johnstone, F.A., B.A., M.A. Queen's, D.Phil. Oxford

Riggins, S.R., B.A., M.A. Indiana, Ph.D. Toronto

WOMEN'S STUDIES

Coordinator

Artiss, P.K., Dip.Ed. Acadia, M.A. Edinburgh, Ph.D. Texas

Associate Professor

Scott, J., Cert.Ed. London, B.Sc.(Hons.) Memorial, M.Ed., Ph.D. O.I.S.E., Toronto

Assistant Professor

Balka, E., B.A. Washington, M.A., Ph.D. Simon Fraser

Adjunct Professor

Lundrigan, W.G., B.S.W. Memorial

Administrative Assistant

Canning, D.


DEGREE REGULATIONS

In these regulations, all references to Heads of Departments and Programme Supervisors are to be read as "Head of Department or delegate'' and "Programme Supervisor or delegate''.

ADMISSION TO MAJOR AND MINOR PROGRAMMES

NOTE: These regulations shall also apply to interdisciplinary programmes.

Students are advised that admission to major/minor programmes within the Faculty of Arts may be limited and competitive.

Admission to all major/minor programmes within the Faculty is upon formal application to the department of the subject of major/minor after completion of the department's admission requirements.

Unless otherwise indicated by the departmental admission regulations published in the University Calendar under departmental regulations, students upon submission of a Change of Academic Programme Form are normally admitted to the department of major/minor after successful completion of thirty university credit hours.

Students are strongly advised to consult with departments before applying for admission to the department of their intended Major/Minor.

REGULATIONS FOR THE GENERAL DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF ARTS

Students who register in a programme leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts on or after September, 1976, will be governed by these regulations. Students registering in a programme leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts prior to this date may elect to come under these regulations.

1. For the General Degree of Bachelor of Arts, a candidate must have completed at least 120 credit hours subject to the following regulations.

2. All candidates must complete

a) Not fewer than six credit hours in English, AND
b) Not fewer than six credit hours in each of any two of: a second language, Mathematics, History.

NOTES: 1) In certain circumstances, the Committee may waive the application of Clause 2 as it applies to individual candidates who have already been admitted to the Degree of Bachelor of Arts (Education).

2) Because there can be no assurance that a first-year course can be fitted into a candidate's programme of studies after the second year, candidates are strongly advised to make sure that the above requirements are met during the first two years in the programme.

3. Courses shall be chosen so that a candidate shall have completed an approved concentration of courses to be known as the candidate's Major programme.

a) Major programmes in the following subjects are administered by Departments. Departments shall not require fewer than 36 nor more than 45 credit hours:

Anthropology, Classics, Computer Science, Economics, English Language and Literature, Folklore, French, Geography, German, History, Linguistics, Mathematics (except 1150, 1151), Philosophy, Political Science, Psychology, Religious Studies, Russian, Sociology, and Spanish.

NOTE: Computer Science Majors and Computer Science Honours students shall not receive credit for Computer Science Service Courses.

b) Major programmes in the following subjects, because of their interdepartmental character, will each be administered jointly by the participating departments through a Programme Supervisor:

- Interdisciplinary Major Programme in Drama and Music; see Drama and Music Regulations for programme regulations.

- Multidisciplinary Major programme in Canadian Studies; see Canadian Studies Regulations for programme regulations.

- Multidisciplinary Major Programme in Medieval Studies; see Medieval Studies Regulations for programme regulations.

- Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Programme; see Sociology-Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme Regulations for programme regulations.

i. A Major programme in one of these subjects shall require not fewer than 36 nor more than 54 credit hours, including any required comprehensive examination, as defined in the regulations for the particular programme.

ii. The regulations for a particular programme may require that a candidate pass a comprehensive examination, which shall be the equivalent of three credit hours.

c) Students who have taken courses in the area of their Major(s) at another university are required to complete at least 12 credit hours in that subject (these subjects) at this University. Courses to make up these credit hours may be chosen in consultation with the Head(s) of the Department(s) or Programme Supervisor(s) of the Major programme(s) or their delegates.

4. Students who enter the University in or after September 1994 may indicate, on the application for admission to the University, that they are entering the Faculty of Arts. Students who indicate the Faculty of Arts on their application form will not declare their major or minor when they apply for admission to the University. Until they declare a major, they will be classified as undeclared candidates for the BA.

Note: Students are reminded that the Academic Advising Centre (S-4053, tel. 737-8801) will assist them in the process of choosing programmes.

5. Students entering the University in or after September 1994 who indicate, on the application for admission to the University, that they wish to enter a faculty or a school other than the Faculty of Arts or who indicate no preference for a faculty or school, may without prejudice apply to enter the Faculty of Arts at a later time.

6. Candidates for the B.A. who are classified as undeclared and students covered by Regulation 5 above who wish to become candidates for the B.A., may declare their major and their minor (or second major) chosen according to Regulation 3 above and Regulation 8 below,

a) no earlier than the completion of 30 credit hours, and

b) normally no later than the semester in which they next attend the University following the completion of 60 credit hours.

NOTE: Students must consult the Heads of Departments (or their delegates) or the Programme Supervisors of their proposed majors and minors regarding department or programme requirements.

7. Declaration of major and minor (or second major), or any change to the major or minor, will be done by means of the Change of Academic Programme Form, which must be signed by the Heads of Departments concerned (see 3.a) above), or their delegates, or in the case of interdisciplinary programmes, the Programme Supervisor (see 3.b) above).

a) Candidates may change their Major programme during any regular registration period, provided that application has first been made to the Head of the Department or Programme Supervisor of the proposed Major programme.

b) Before registering for any semester or any session, candidates are advised to consult with the Head(s) of the Department(s) or the Programme Supervisor(s) of their Major Programme(s) or their delegates as to choice of courses.

c) In the Departments which offer programmes leading to both a degree of Bachelor of Arts and a degree of Bachelor of Science, candidates are free to choose the degree programme they wish to follow and may change from one to the other; however, they may not obtain BOTH degrees in the same Major subject.

8. A candidate is required to complete a Minor of at least 24 credit hours in a subject other than that of the Major chosen, either from Clause 3.a) above, from the Minor programmes listed below, or from a second Major programme.

a) A candidate must follow the regulations for the Minor as set forth in the appropriate section of the Calendar.

b) The Head of the Department or Programme Supervisor of the Minor will advise the candidate on the selection of courses in the Minor.

c) Students who have taken courses in the area of their Minor at another university are required to complete at least six credit hours in that subject at this University. Courses to make up these credit hours must be chosen in consultation with the Head of the Department or Programme Supervisor of the Minor programme or their delegate.

d) Up to 12 credit hours offered by a single department as part of a multidisciplinary programme may be used to satisfy the requirements for the Minor, provided they are in accordance with the regulations governing that Minor.

e) Multidisciplinary Minor Programmes in Law and Society, Medieval Studies, Newfoundland Studies, Russian Studies, and Women's Studies are offered to candidates for the Bachelor of Arts degree. These programmes are governed by special regulations which are detailed under the Calendar entries for Law and Society, Medieval Studies, Newfoundland Studies, Russian Studies and Women's Studies.

f) A Minor programme in Business Administration is available to candidates for the Bachelor of Arts degree. This programme is governed by regulations which are detailed under the Calendar entry for the Faculty of Business Administration.

g) A Minor in Music History is available to students with some background in Music. Students interested in this Minor programme must apply in writing to the Director of the School of Music prior to April 15th of the year in which admission is sought. This programme is governed by regulations which are detailed under the Calendar entry for the School of Music.

h) Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Minor Programme.

i) Minor programmes are available in the Faculty of Science. These programmes are governed by regulations which are detailed under the Faculty of Science Calendar entries for each department.

9. a) As an alternative to a Minor, a candidate may complete a second Major programme. Such a candidate must follow all General and Departmental or Programme Regulations for this Major programme.

b) In special circumstances, the Committee on Undergraduate Studies of the Faculty of Arts may approve an integrated programme of at least 24 credit hours as an alternative to a departmental Minor in the degree programme of candidates for the Conjoint Degrees of Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Education.

10. Further courses may be chosen from the subjects listed in Clause 3 above, or from any other courses approved by the Committee on Undergraduate Studies, Faculty of Arts (see Schedule A below), provided that, of the 120 credit hours required for the degree, at least 78 credit hours shall be from the subjects listed in Clause 3 above, with Medieval Studies, Russian Studies, and Women's Studies added to the list of subjects.

NOTES: 1) Computer Science Majors and Computer Science Honours students shall not receive credit for Computer Science Service Courses.

2) Departmental regulations are not intended to debar students from taking more than the required courses in the subject of their Major.

3) The maximum number of transfer credit hours in French applicable to the degree of Bachelor of Arts shall be 45.

11. In order to graduate with the General Degree of Bachelor of Arts, a candidate shall obtain an average of 60% or higher on the minimum number of courses prescribed for his or her major programme excluding 1000 level courses, an average of 60% or higher on the minimum number of courses prescribed for his or her minor programme excluding 1000 level courses, and an average of 1.0 points or higher on all courses in Arts disciplines as indicated in Clause 3(a) above.

NOTES: 1) In the context of this regulation, any student attaining a grade of 55% or less in any course beyond the 1000 level in his/her major or minor is required to seek the advice of the appropriate department(s) at the beginning of the next semester of registration to ensure that adequate progress is being maintained.

2) The minimum number of courses prescribed shall be understood to include the number of credit hours prescribed in the regulations of any department including any specific courses prescribed in those regulations but excluding from the number any 1000 level courses listed.

SCHEDULE A:

NOTE: Subject to overall Degree Regulations, a candidate may complete a maximum of 42 credit hours from those subjects listed under Schedule A. However, no courses from Schedule A may be used to fulfil the requirements of 78 credit hours in Arts courses.

SUBJECTS

Arts: 1000, 1001

Biology: All courses

Biochemistry: All courses

Business: All courses subject to the approval of the Committee on Undergraduate Studies

Chemistry: All courses

Earth Sciences: All courses

Education: Maximum of fifteen credit hours from the following: 3080 (Group and Audience Communication), 3210 (Guidance), 3220 and 3230 (Exceptional Children), 2610 (Child Development), 3250 (Psychology of Adolescence), 3260 (Human Learning), 3290 (Psychological Tests and Measurements), 3560 (Comparative Education), 3570 (History of Education-North American), 3571 (The History of Education in Newfoundland Since 1800), 3580 (Education and Culture), 3590 (Moral Education), 3660 (A Study of the Gifted Child), 4360 (Sociology of Education), 4370 (History of Education), 4380 (Philosophy of Education).

Engineering: 1102 (General Studies I), 1312 (Mechanics I), 1402 (Vector and Linear Algebra I), 1411 (Calculus I), 2102 (General Studies II), 2203 (Materials II), 2312 (Mechanics II), 2402 (Vector and Linear Algebra II), 2413 (Calculus II), 3121 (Aesthetics in Architecture and the Allied Arts), 3202 (Materials III), 2333 (Basic Electrical Circuits), 3411 (Calculus III), 3421 (Programming and Numerical Methods), 3333 (Electromechanical Energy Conversion), 4421 (Probability and Statistics), 4333 (Electrical Concepts III), 5342 (Fluids I), 5432 (Calculus IV), 6722 (Soil Mechanics), 5811 (Fields I), 5821 (Networks I), 6831 (Signals and Systems), 6901 (Heat Transfer I), 6911 (Fluids II), 6932 (Vibrations), 8862 (Digital Systems II).

Forestry: 2220/2221 (Forest Meteorology)

Medicine: 3020 (Cell Structure and Function), 3010 (Physiology of Excitable Tissues), 3021 (Immunology), 3040 (Community Medicine and Behavioural Sciences).

Music: All courses in Music History and Music Theory.

Nursing: Physiology 2300, 2301.

Physical Education: 2310, 2320, 3310, 3410.

Physics: All courses

Science: 1000, 1001 and 115A, 115B

Social Work: All courses except 4315, 4316, 4325, 4326, 5315, 5316, 5317, 5318, which are available for B.S.W. students only.

Theatre: 1000, 1001, 1010, 1020, 4030, 4040, 4050, 4060. Available only at Sir Wilfred Grenfell College.

Visual Arts: 3702 - 3721, 4700 - 4729, 4740, 4741. Available only at Sir Wilfred Grenfell College.

NOTES: 1) Students may not receive credit for both Physiology 2300 and Physical Education 2310 or Physiology 2301 and Physical Education 2320.

2) Credit towards the degree of Bachelor of Arts may not be awarded for more than two of Engineering 1102, Engineering 2102, Philosophy 1000 and Philosophy 1001.

REGULATIONS FOR THE HONOURS DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF ARTS

A programme is offered leading to the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Arts. An Honours degree requires, over and above the requirements of the General degree, a concentration at an advanced level in an approved field, consisting of a subject or subjects of specialization and/or related subjects, and a high quality of work throughout the programme. An Honours degree is of distinct advantage to candidates who plan advanced work or careers in their chosen fields and also to those who have a clear commitment to some special field of study. An Honours degree with first or second class standing is, in many cases, a prerequisite for admission to a graduate programme.

Students who register in a programme leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts (Honours) on and after September 1, 1978, will be governed by these regulations. Students registering in a programme leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts (Honours) prior to this date may elect to come under these regulations.

1. Admission and Registration

a) Candidates for an Honours degree shall declare in writing to the Registrar their intention to pursue an Honours programme in a Subject of Specialization. Such declaration shall be approved by the Head of the Department or Programme Supervisor of the Subject of Specialization before the candidates can be admitted to the programme.

NOTE: A candidate who wishes to enter an Honours programme is strongly advised to consult the Head of the Department or Programme Supervisor at the earliest possible date, as it may not be possible to complete the requirements for the degree in the normal time if the decision to embark on the programme is delayed beyond the end of the second year.

b) Students who have been awarded the General Degree of Bachelor of Arts may convert it to an Honours Degree of Bachelor of Arts by applying to the department of specialization and the Registrar and, upon approval of such application by the Department, completing the requirements for the Honours degree as set forth in the regulations.

c) Upon entering the programme, the candidate shall be assigned a Faculty Advisor by the Head of the Department or Programme Supervisor. The Faculty Advisor will be responsible for advising the candidate and the Head of the Department or Programme Supervisor with respect to the candidate's programme of studies.

d) Before registering for any semester or any session, the candidate must consult with the Faculty Advisor who shall advise the candidate and the Head of the Department or Programme Supervisor on the chosen list of courses. Failure to comply with this requirement may result in denial of access to certain courses.

2. Subjects of Specialization

Subjects which may be chosen as Subjects of Specialization for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Arts are the following:

a) Those administered by Departments through the Head of the Department: Anthropology, Classics, Computer Science, Economics, English Language and Literature, Folklore, French, Geography, German, History, Linguistics, Mathematics, Philosophy, Political Science, Psychology, Religious Studies, Sociology, Spanish (at present, only for Joint Honours).

NOTE: Computer Science Majors and Computer Science Honours students shall not receive credit for Computer Science Service Courses.

b) Those which, because of their interdepartmental character, are administered by two or more Departments through a Programme Supervisor: Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Programme, see Sociology-Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme Regulations for programme regulations. (No other programmes yet approved.)

c) Joint Honours Programmes: A candidate may undertake a programme of Joint Honours in two Subjects of Specialization (See Regulations 3.c.ii. below).

3. Course Requirements

Candidates for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Arts shall complete a programme of studies which shall consist of not fewer than 120 credit hours subject to the following regulations:

a) All candidates are required to have completed not fewer than six credit hours in English AND six credit hours in each of two of: a second language, History, Mathematics.

b) All candidates must also

i. Pass a general comprehensive examination in a Subject of Specialization. This examination may be written, or oral, or a combination of both. The comprehensive examination shall count as three credit hours in the Subject of Specialization;

AND/OR

ii. Submit an Honours essay on an approved topic which, at the discretion of the Head of the Department or the Programme Supervisor, may be followed by an oral examination thereon. The Honours essay will count as three credit hours in the Subject of Specialization.

A copy of the Honours essay must be submitted to the University Library upon completion. All Honours essays in the University Library shall be available for unrestricted consultation by students and faculty except under very exceptional circumstances which must be approved by the Committee on Undergraduate Studies. Copyright remains with the author. A signed release form must accompany an essay or dissertation when it is submitted to the University Library.

NOTE: The semester in which the candidate sits for the comprehensive examination, and/or the semester in which the Honours essay is to be submitted, may be decided by the candidate after consultation with the Head of the Department or Programme Supervisor.

c) Further courses shall be chosen EITHER

i. In consultation with the Faculty Advisor and with the approval of the Head of the Department or Programme Supervisor of the Subject of Specialization, but in such a way that the candidate's programme shall include not fewer than 60 credit hours in courses applicable to the Subject of Specialization, including the comprehensive examination and/or the Honours essay, at least 36 of which must be at the 3000 level or above, and not fewer than 24 credit hours in a Minor subject or programme according to the Departmental or Programme Regulations covering that Minor, and the total number of credit hours which may be applied to the degree is not fewer than 120;

OR

ii. In consultation with the Faculty Advisors and with the approval of the Head of the Department or Programme Supervisor of the Subject of Specialization, but in such a way that the candidate's programme shall include not fewer than 60 credit hours in courses applicable to the Subject of Specialization, including the comprehensive examination and/or the Honours essay, at least 36 of which must be at the 3000 level or above, and not fewer than 36 credit hours in a Major subject or programme according to the Departmental or Programme Regulations governing that Major, and the total number of credit hours which may be applied to the degree is not fewer than 120.

iii. In consultation with the Faculty Advisors and with the approval of the Heads of the Departments or Programme Supervisors of two Subjects of Specialization (Joint Honours), but in such a way that the candidate's programme shall include not fewer than 42 and not more than 51 credit hours in courses approved for each of the Subjects of Specialization, including the comprehensive examination and/or the Honours essay, of which at least 27 shall be at the 3000 level or above in each of the Subjects of Specialization, and the total number of credit hours which may be applied to the degree is not fewer than 120.

iv. In the case of Joint Honours, the candidate may choose the Subject of Specialization for the Honours essay and/or comprehensive examination.

v. Other courses to make up the total of 120 credit hours may be chosen from any subjects listed under 2.a) with Canadian, Medieval, Russian and Women's Studies added to the list of subjects and from courses listed under and in accordance with Schedule A of the General B.A. Degree Regulations.

4. Departmental Regulations

Candidates for Honours degrees shall also comply with such additional requirements of the appropriate Department(s) as are approved by the Senate and printed in the Calendar.

5. Residence Requirements

To qualify for an Honours degree in Arts, a candidate shall attend this University for at least seven semesters as a full-time student, except with the special permission of the Faculty Committee on Undergraduate Studies.

6. Academic Standing

In order to graduate with an Honours degree, a candidate shall obtain

i) A grade of 70% or better, OR an average of 75% or higher in the minimum number of courses [including the required courses] in the Honours subject(s) prescribed by the Department [or, in the case of Joint Honours, Departments] concerned, excluding 1000-level courses. A grade of 70% or better must be obtained in the Honours dissertation and/or comprehensive examinations.

AND

ii) An average of at least 1.75 points on the total number of credit hours in the courses required for the degree. (See General Regulation F, Classification of Degrees, for explanation of the point system.)

NOTE: Students who wish to fulfil the requirements of Clause 6(i) above using repeated or substituted courses must obtain approval of the Head of the Department and the Committee on Undergraduate Studies. The Honours dissertation and/or comprehensive examinations may not be repeated or substituted.

7. Classification of Degrees

a) If a candidate's general average is 2.25 points or better per credit hour in required courses and his/her average is 2.5 points or better per credit hour in the courses in the Honours subject (excluding 1000-level courses), the candidate shall be awarded an Honours degree with First Class standing.

b) If a candidate fulfils the conditions of paragraph 6 but not of paragraph 7, section (a), the candidate shall be awarded an Honours degree with Second Class standing.

c) No classification will be given to the degree awarded a candidate who has completed (i) fewer than one half of the courses required for the degree at this University, or (ii) who has completed fewer than one half of the courses required for the degree at this University since 1959. All candidates for such degrees shall, however, fulfil the condition of paragraph 6 on the courses taken at this University since September 1959 in order to qualify for the degree.

d) A declared candidate for an Honours degree who fails to attain the academic standing specified in paragraph 6, but fulfils the academic requirements for a General degree shall be awarded a General degree, the classification of which shall be determined in accordance with paragraph F. (2) of General Academic Regulations.

REGULATIONS FOR THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF ARTS (POLICE STUDIES)

Memorial University, in co-operation with the Canadian Police College, has designed a programme leading to the Degree of Bachelor of Arts (Police Studies). The programme is open only to serving police officers and consists of regular academic course work at Memorial University complemented by specialised professional training at the Canadian Police College. Progress towards the degree is made by completing phases of academic and professional study: the completion of each phase is marked by the award of a certificate or diploma by the Canadian Police College, and the completion of the whole programme will result in the awarding of the degree by Memorial University.

This programme shall be administered by a Programme Supervisor who shall be advised by a committee drawn from not fewer than five of the Departments listed in Group A below. The Programme Supervisor shall be appointed from time to time by the Dean of Arts on the recommendation of the Undergraduate Studies Committee of the Faculty of Arts.

Regulations

1. For the Degree of Bachelor of Arts (Police Studies) a candidate must have completed at least 120 credit hours including 105 credit hours recognized for degree credit by Memorial University and the equivalent of 15 credit hours awarded by transfer credit for work completed at the Canadian Police College, and applicable only to this degree.

2. This degree shall be governed by the General Academic Regulations, and by the specific regulations listed below.

3. Of the 105 credit hours recognized for degree credit by Memorial University, at least 96 credit hours shall be chosen in courses from the disciplines listed in Group A and Group B below:

Group A
Group B

Anthropology Business
Computer Science Classics
Economics Education
English Language & Literature Linguistics
Folklore Music
French Physical Education
Geography Social Work
German
History
Mathematics (except 1150 & 1151)
Philosophy
Political Science
Psychology
Religious Studies
Russian
Sociology
Spanish
Statistics

4. At least 30 credit hours must be completed in courses in a single subject area, known as a Major, in a programme approved by the Head of the Major Department.

5. The Major Department must be chosen from the subjects listed in Group A of Clause 3 above.

6. At least six credit hours in the subject of the Major shall be completed in courses at the 4000 level or above.

7. The phases of study to be followed are:

Phase I

A candidate must complete 30 credit hours as follows:

a) six credit hours in English;

b) six credit hours in each of two of: a second language, Mathematics, History;

c) six credit hours in each of two of: Anthropology, Geography, Philosophy, Political Science, Psychology, Sociology. On successful completion of Phase I, plus appropriate professional training as stipulated by the Canadian Police College, the College will award the candidate the Certificate in General Police Studies.

Phase II

A candidate must complete a further 30 credit hours chosen from disciplines listed in Group A and Group B above, such that after 60 credit hours the following shall have been completed:

a) at least 12 credit hours in courses chosen from one of the subjects listed in c, d, e, f, or g, below;

b) at least 15 credit hours in courses numbered at the 2000 level or above;

c) at least six credit hours in courses chosen from one of Anthropology, Sociology or Psychology;

d) at least six credit hours in courses chosen from one of Economics, Geography or Political Science;

e) at least six credit hours in courses chosen from one of English, History or Philosophy;

f) at least six credit hours in courses chosen from one of Business or Social Work;

g) at least six credit hours in courses chosen from one of Mathematics, Statistics, Computer Science or a second language. On successful completion of Phase II, plus appropriate professional training as stipulated by the Canadian Police College, the College will award the candidate the Certificate in Advanced Police Studies.

Phase III

A candidate must complete a further 30 credit hours in courses chosen from disciplines listed in Group A and Group B above such that after 90 credit hours the following shall have been completed:

a) at least 12 credit hours in courses from each of two of the following blocks:

i. Sociology, Psychology
ii. Mathematics, Statistics, Computer Science
iii. Economics, Business

b) On successful completion of Phase III, plus completion of either the Senior Police Administration Programme or the Executive Development Programme of the Canadian Police College, the College will award the candidate the Diploma in Police Management Studies.

Phase IV

A candidate must complete a further 15 credit hours such as to satisfy the academic requirements of Regulations 3 to 7 above. On successful completion of this phase, and following the transfer of 15 approved credit hours (applicable only to this degree) for professional study at the Canadian Police College, Memorial University will award the Degree of Bachelor of Arts (Police Studies).


WAIVER OF REGULATIONS FOR UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS

Regulations involving course prerequisites or corequisites, departmental regulations, and faculty regulations may be waived where circumstances so warrant. The routing of requests for such waivers and the procedure for appealing unfavourable decisions are outlined in the General Academic Regulations B and C.


HARLOW CAMPUS SEMESTER

This is an integrated interdisciplinary Arts programme offered each Fall Semester at the Harlow Campus, England. The content of the programme changes each Fall, depending upon the departments involved. Credits for the programme equal 15 credit hours, with the allocation of credits to departments changing each Fall. Students wishing to enrol in a Harlow Semester must have completed at least 48 credit hours at the university level, and satisfy any prerequisites which may be required. Enrolment is competitive. The relevant admission criteria, as well as other information, may be obtained from the Office of the Dean of Arts.


COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

ANTHROPOLOGY

All students who major in Anthropology will be assisted by a faculty advisor who will help them in planning their academic programmes. For this purpose, it is essential that students register with the Department (A2055) at an early stage of their studies.

GENERAL DEGREE

1. First Courses.

Anthropology 1030 (Introduction to Archaeology and Physical Anthropology) and 1031 (Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropology) or an equivalent course or courses are required of all students wishing to concentrate in anthropology.

The following courses, cross-listed with the Department of Sociology and identified by the prefix "S/A'', are also taught at the introductory level: 2200, 2210, 2220, 2230, 2240, 2260, 2270, 2280 and 2350. These courses can be taken as first courses or may be taken following a departmental introductory course.

2. Major Options.

The Department of Anthropology offers undergraduate programmes concentrating in (a) Social and Cultural Anthropology; (b) Archaeology and Physical Anthropology; and (c) Interdisciplinary Studies in Sociology and Anthropology.

The student majoring in Anthropology must meet the requirements listed under General Degree Regulations, Regulations for the General Degree of Bachelor of Arts. Under these regulations, 36 credit hours in Anthropology are required. Specific regulations for each option follow:

a) Social/Cultural Anthropology. Students wishing to concentrate in this option must take six credit hours in courses at the 2000 level chosen from 2410, 2411, 2412, 2413; and 24 credit hours in courses at the 3000 level and above, including at least six credit hours in courses at the 4000 level; one of these 4000 level courses must be 4410 or 4412. The remaining courses are to be chosen from any Anthropology and S/A offerings.

b) Archaeology/Physical Anthropology. Students wishing to concentrate in this option must take: Anthropology 2430 and 2480; 12 credit hours in Archaeology or Physical Anthropology courses at the 3000 level; nine credit hours in Archaeology or Physical Anthropology courses at the 4000 level which must include Anthropology 4182 (History of Archaeology)and 4411 (Theory and Method in Archaeology and Prehistory); six additional credit hours in Archaeology and Physical Anthropology courses at the 3000 or 4000 level. Students are encouraged to take appropriate course offerings in Social and Cultural Anthropology. Students should note that Anthropology 2430 is a prerequisite for all 3000- and 4000-level courses in Physical Anthropology and that Anthropology 2480 is a prerequisite for all 3000- and 4000-level Archaeology courses.

c) Interdisciplinary (S/A) option. Students wishing to concentrate in this option must take at least 24 credit hours in S/A courses, plus a minimum of 12 credit hours in courses selected from the offerings of the Anthropology Department or the Sociology Department or both. Specific requirements are detailed under the Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme (see Sociology-Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme Regulations).

3. Minor Options.

A Minor in Anthropology may be achieved by completing any one of three sets of courses:

a) Social and Cultural Anthropology. 1030, 1031; six credit hours in courses at the 2000 level chosen from 2410, 2411, 2412, 2413; and 12 credit hours chosen from Department offerings at the 3000 level or above, including at least three credit hours in a course at the 4000 level.

b) Archaeology and Physical Anthropology. 1030, 1031; 2430 and 2480; three credit hours in an Archaeology/Physical Anthropology course at the 4000 level; and 12 credit hours in other Anthropology courses, at least nine credit hours of which shall be from among Archaeology/Physical Anthropology offerings.

c) Sociology/Anthropology ("S/A'') - See Sociology-Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme Regulations.

NOTE: Students majoring in either Anthropology or Sociology cannot elect to Minor in the S/A Programme. Likewise, S/A Majors cannot elect either Anthropology or Sociology as a Minor.

HONOURS DEGREE

1. Admittance: As per existing regulations.

2. Students intending an Honours programme are required to complete 60 credit hours following the requirements in (2. Major Options) above, but in addition must include Anthropology 4995-Dissertation, or 4996-Comprehensive Examination. Students must also meet requirements of General Regulations for Honours Degrees, and regulations for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Arts.

REGULATIONS FOR JOINT HONOURS, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ANOTHER MAJOR SUBJECT

1. Candidates must fulfil the requirements of the General Regulations for the Honours degree.

2. Candidates must complete:

a) Anthropology 1030 and 1031;
b) Six credit hours in Anthropology courses chosen from 2410, 2411, 2412, 2413, 2430 and 2480;
c) Fifteen credit hours in Anthropology courses at the 3000 level, chosen in consultation with a supervisor;
d) Fifteen credit hours in Anthropology courses at the 4000 level, with a grade of "B'' or better. These must include Anthropology 4410 and one of 4000, 4411 and 4412.

COURSE LIST

NOTE: S/A course descriptions may be found in this Calendar under the Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme.

1030. Introduction to Archaeology and Physical Anthropology. A broad overview of Archaeology and Physical Anthropology introducing the concepts of human biological and cultural evolution and the methods and techniques by which these are investigated. The course is designed to provide the basis for further study in the disciplines. Credit may not be obtained for both Anthropology 1030 and the former Anthropology 1000 or 2000.

1031. Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropology. A general introduction to Anthropology emphasizing different forms of society and culture. Cultures within and outside the Western tradition will be examined, ranging from small-scale to more complex pre-industrial societies. Credit may not be obtained for both Anthropology 1031 and the former Anthropology 1000 or 2000.

S/A 2200. Communities. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 2210. Communication and Culture. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 2220. Labrador Society and Culture. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 2230. Newfoundland Society and Culture. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme). Cross-listed with Folklore 2230.

S/A 2240. Canadian Society and Culture. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 2260. War and Aggression. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 2270. Families. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 2280. The City. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

2300. Newfoundland Folklore. (Same as Folklore 2300.) A survey of the various types of Folklore: tale, song, rhyme, riddle, proverb, belief, custom, childlore and others, with stress on their function in the Newfoundland community culture. Individual collection and analysis of materials from the students' home communities, supplemented by data from the M.U.N. Folklore and Language Archive.

Prerequisite: Folklore 1000 or 2000, or Anthropology 1031.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 2300 and the former Folklore 3420.

S/A 2350. Religious Institutions. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme). Cross-listed with Religious Studies 2350.

2410. Classics in Social and Cultural Anthropology. An examination of selected milestone monographs, ground-breaking studies for subdisciplinary specialties, and major syntheses.

2411. Anthropologists in the Field. Anthropologists base many of their ideas on experiences they have while living in other cultures. This course examines the human relationships through which anthropologists explore cultures and how in turn these relationships affect the anthropologists and the development of their discipline.

2412. Threatened Peoples. An examination of key social and cultural factors involved in the global extinction of small-scale societies; the intrusive influences that jeopardize small-scale societies, such as disease; economic and military incursion; the role of international non-governmental agencies in aid of threatened peoples; and the role of the anthropologist in this human crisis.

2413. Modern World Cultures. An examination of significant studies of 20th century populations and their implications for understanding the human condition.

2430. Physical Anthropology: The Human Animal. Physical Anthropology investigates the human animal as we exist now and as we developed through time. Students will discover how the study of fossil remains, living and extinct primates, and the applications of the principles of genetics, adaptation and variation of human evolution help to provide an understanding of how biology and culture have interacted to produce modern humans.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 1030.

2480. Archaeology: Discovering our Past. An introduction to archaeological techniques, methodology and theory. Lectures cover the development of the discipline, techniques of survey and excavation, methods of analysis and the interpretation of prehistory.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 1030.

2490. Human Origins. Fossilized fragments of bones and teeth provide evidence for the development of humans from their earliest ancestors 70 million years ago. This course investigates the evidence for primate and human evolution and the influences of environment and genetics on the development of those behavioural traits we associate with humans, and provides a current understanding of when, where and how humans first originated.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Anthropology 2490 and the former Anthropology 3190.

2491. Popular Archaeology. A course on how human history is reconstructed from archaeological remains. Methods and techniques of archaeology are illustrated through discussion of archaeological research currently in progress, both in Newfoundland and Labrador and elsewhere in the world.

NOTE: This course may not be used for credit toward a major or minor concentration in Archaeology/Physical Anthropology.

2492. Forensic Anthropology. An examination of procedures and techniques used by physical anthropologists and archaeologists to obtain data pertinent to investigations by law enforcement and medical authorities: evidence concerning the identification of human remains and the cause, time and manner of death.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Anthropology 2492 and the former Anthropology 3583.

2500. Folk Literature. (Same as Folklore 2500.) An examination of the major genres of folk literature: folk narrative, folk poetry and song, folk drama, and the traditional generic forms within folk speech. An introduction to the textual, comparative and contextual methods of analysis. The literature discussed will be international in scope.

Prerequisite: Folklore 1000 or 2000, or Anthropology 1031.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 2500 and any of the former Folklore 3400, English 3400, Sociology/Anthropology 3400.

3020. What is Human?. Humans have long considered themselves unique. Through readings, discussions and presentations this seminar will explore exactly how distinctive humans are in their physical, behavioural, and intellectual traits and whether there is, in fact, something which sets us apart from all other creatures.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 2430.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Anthropology 3020 and the former Anthropology 4020.

3040. The Human Skeleton. The human skeleton reflects genetic, environmental and cultural influence. This course, emphasizing identification of individual bones in the skeleton, techniques for obtaining size and shape differences in individual bones and the entire skeleton, estimation of group numbers and death rates, and diagnosis of disease and other abnormal conditions, provides a means of assessing all of these influences on past human populations.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 2430.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Anthropology 3040 and the former Anthropology 4040.

3050. Ecology and Culture. A survey of the basic principles and perspectives of human and cultural ecology and ecological anthropology. Emphasis will be placed on the evolutionary development of basic ecological adaptations: foraging, horticulture, pastoralism, agriculture and industrialism. Major ecosystems and human adaptative adjustments to them will also be surveyed, especially arctic, mountain, desert, grassland and tropical rainforest ecosystems.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Anthropology 3050 and the former Anthropology 3010.

3052. Anthropology and Directed Social Change. A survey of intervention in social change processes by anthropologists, mainly in this century: administration; industry; development; advocacy.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Anthropology 3052 and the former Anthropology 2450.

3053. Anthropology of Religion. (Same as Religious Studies 3053.) A critical evaluation of anthropological research on religion, centering on seminal thinkers and major theoretical traditions. Special attention is given to the study of belief systems, and to relationships between belief and ritual.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Anthropology 3053 and Anthropology 3316.

3054. Play and Culture. An examination of the phenomenon of play in a variety of human cultures, and in such forms of activity as religion, politics, festival, speech, performance, and artistic creation. Principal themes are the functional role of play in social relations, and the meaningful role of play in social thought.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Anthropology 3054 and Anthropology 3300.

3055. Evolution of Ancient and Modern Cultures. Cultural evolution in the context of various levels of sociocultural integration, including bands, tribes, chiefdoms, primitive states, archaic civilizations, and nation-states.

Prerequisite: At least third-year standing in an Arts degree programme.

3056. Seafaring and Culture. An examination of seafaring occupations in the context of changing culture and society.

3058. Urban Anthropology. An examination of anthropological studies of urban populations and population segments, such as ethnic groups and categories, occupations, neighborhoods, etc.

3059. Cross-Cultural Studies. Quantitative and non-quantitative approaches to generalization in the study of human institutions through cross-cultural analysis.

3060. The Idea of Culture. The history of ideas, dealing with the emergence of this key anthropological concept, the meanings it has acquired, its broader implications, and major critiques of its use in the social sciences.

3061. Culture and Social Inequality. The role of culture in mediating different forms of social inequality, exploring the idea that culture is not only a way of life but also a way of managing power between unequals, from individuals to social classes. Readings in the course concentrate on cultural techniques of social control.

3062. Anthropology in Social Policy-making. Case studies in the use of anthropology and anthropologists by various groups to achieve their objectives; potential conflicts in the discipline with the ideal of objectivity; and a comparison with advocacy in other professions.

3063. Ethnicity and Culture. An examination of anthropological approaches to the study of ethnic groupings in pluralistic societies: their definition, boundaries, and organization.

3064. Anthropology and the Study of Social Problems. This course examines a dozen classics in Anthropology which take their subject from a commitment to the analysis of social injustice.

3080. The Third World. An examination of the anthropology of the Third World. The course considers perspectives on peasantry, including such topics as underdevelopment, land reform, hunger, political and social movements.

3081. Cultural Identity in the Modern World. A survey of the importance of culture in explaining events in the modern world, including culture and the state; culture and symbolic action; religions as social movements; ethnopolitics; culture vs materialism; Marxist revolution and culture; the cultural factor in development/underdevelopment.

3082. Bandits, Rebels, and Revolutions. Types of social conflict specific to different kinds of class-based society, including social banditry, primitive rebellions, and peasant revolutions. More generally, social conflict is used to explore the variety of ways that pre-industrial societies have been made part of the modern world economy.

3083. Cultural Crises and the Environment. An examination of social and cultural aspects of dilemmas in the use of renewable and non-renewable resources such as animals, arable land, forests, fisheries, air, water, fossil fuel, and nuclear energy. Special attention to Third World and marginal populations.

S/A 3100. Dominance and Power. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3140. Social Movements. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3210. Persistence and Change in Rural Society. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3220. Work and Society. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3240. Regional Studies: Contemporary Native Peoples of Canada. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3241. Regional Studies: The Atlantic. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3242-49. Regional Studies I. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3254-57. Regional Studies II. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3258. Contemporary Israeli Culture and Society. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3259. Arab Culture and Society in Palestine and Israel. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3260. Social and Economic Development. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

3280. Regional Studies: The Arctic. Studies of cultural, ecologic, economic and social systems in the northern circumpolar regions.

3281. Regional Studies: North American Indians and Inuit. This is a survey course dealing with the various tribal and band societies of North America, with special emphasis on the northern portion. The student will be introduced to the cultural history and language distribution of the area along with an examination of the major regional divisions. Several societies will be studied in more detail as case studies in the ethnographic analysis of specific cultural situations. The course will also deal with the effect on these cultures, through the historic period, of European trade, conquest, and settlement, again with special emphasis on the Canadian region.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Anthropology 3281 and the former Anthropology 3253.

3283. Regional Studies: Tropical Africa. A study of society and culture as it evolved before significant European contacts in one or more of the major regions of sub-Saharan Africa. Emphasis on the close study of representative microcultures.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Anthropology 3283 and the former Anthropology 3252.

3284-3289. Regional Studies in Anthropology.

3290. Newfoundland and Labrador Prehistory. A seminar and reading course on the culture history of Newfoundland and Labrador from about 9,000 years ago until the time of European settlement. Particular attention will be paid to the interactions among the several ethnic and cultural groups upon whose history this course focusses.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 2480.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Anthropology 3290 and the former Anthropology 4290.

3291. Maritime Provinces Prehistory. Cultural developments in the area which today includes the Maritime Provinces and northern Maine, from the entry of humans into the region until the time of European contact. Emphasis is placed on cultural adaptations to a changing regional environment and the evidence for intercultural contact.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 2480.

3302-09. Anthropological Specialties. A topic of current interest and importance announced by the Department for each term.

Prerequisites: Six credit hours in Anthropology.

S/A 3314. Gender and Society. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3315-25 excluding 3316, 3317, and 3320. Interdisciplinary Specialties. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3317. Oil and Society. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3320. Terrorism and Society. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

3480. Field and Laboratory Techniques in Archaeology. Actual participation in ongoing excavations will familiarize students with techniques for recovering archaeological information and artifacts. Topics include site surveying, sampling methods, excavation and recording techniques, an introduction to field conservation and preparation of specimens for analysis.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 2480.

3500. Prehistory of Africa, Asia and Europe I. The early stages of cultural evolution in the Old World. Topics include: earliest human origins in Africa; the dispersal of humans throughout the Old World; the appearance of modern-type humans during the last ice age.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 2480.

3505. Prehistory of Africa, Asia and Europe II. A survey of the more recent stages of human cultural evolution in the Old World. Topics include: complex behaviour of modern-type hunter-gatherers of the last ice age; the domestication of plants and animals in early farming communities.

Prerequisites: Anthropology 2480 and 3500.

3510. Prehistory of the New World. A survey of cultural development in the Americas from the entry of humans until the time of European contact. Topics include: the earliest human migrations and the dispersal of human groups throughout the New World; the development of complex hunting-gathering societies; the origins of agriculture and sedentism.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 2480.

3515. Prehistory of Mesoamerica. (Same as History 3515). When the Spanish explorers arrived in Mesoamerica i.e., Mexico and Guatemala of today) they discovered rich and complex civilizations that had developed independently of European or Asian influence. This course traces the development of Mesoamerican civilizations from their known origins to the point at which growth was terminated by Spanish intervention.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 2480.

3520. The Early Ethnohistory of North America's Native People. (Same as History 3520). The North American native response to early European contact and initial settlement. Particular attention will be paid to cultural change resulting from the adoption of European goods, participation in the fur trade, the introduction of European disease, and the adaptation to a permanent European presence.

3525. The Later Ethnohistory of North America's Native People. (Same as History 3525). Indian and Inuit cultural history of the 18th and 19th centuries, including the fur trade, resistance and accommodation to European expansion, the emergence of revitalization movements, demographic changes, and population shifts. Special emphasis will be placed on the ethnohistory of the native peoples of what is now Canada and northern United States.

3561. Ethnoarchaeology. This subfield of archaeology uses recent ethnographic information to interpret and explain the material remains of past human behaviour. This course compares the goals and methods of ethnoarchaeologists with those of ethnographers and archaeologists. Case studies are used to illustrate the different approaches and concerns of ethnoarchaeologists working in different regions of the world.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 2480.

3580-89 excluding 3583 and 3587. Studies in Archaeology and Prehistory. Special topics in archaeology and prehistory, including the consideration of current developments in methods, techniques and theory as applied to selected areas of the world.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 2480 or equivalent.

3587. Archaeological Conservation: Method and Theory. An introduction to principles and techniques for the preservation of archaeological materials, with an emphasis on conservation in the field.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 2480 or equivalent.

3590. Hunter-Gatherer Studies. Past and present hunting and gathering societies from various areas of the world, both from an ethnographic and an archaeological perspective.

Prerequisites: Anthropology 1030 and 1031.

S/A 3600. The Use of Theory in Sociology and Anthropology. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3610. Society and the Life Cycle. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3620. Primary Group Behaviour. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3630. New Media Methods in Social Research. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3700. Social and Cultural Change. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

3850. Material Culture. (Same as Folklore 3850.) An examination of various interpretive theories of objects as cultural products. Problems of defining the artifact will be discussed, as well as the strengths and limitations of using objects in historical and ethnographic research. Questions discussed include form, design, decoration, diffusion, and the role of the creator of the object. Besides folkloristic work on material culture, a variety of interdisciplinary approaches will be considered. Emphasis will be on the material folk culture of Newfoundland and its European antecedents.

3860. Vernacular Architecture. (Same as Folklore 3860 and History 3860.) A historical survey of vernacular architectural forms in various regions of North America, with attention to Newfoundland materials. Issues discussed include the relationship of house form and culture, the concepts of antecedents, diffusion, innovation and evolution of building forms and technologies, and the siting of buildings in the landscape. Dwelling houses, outbuildings, churches and industrial vernacular architecture will be included.

S/A 4000. Society and Culture. (See Sociology-Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme.)

4030. Taboo and Law. An enquiry into the religious and political roots of social structure and control among preliterate peoples. Psychological, structural, and symbolic interpretation frames evaluated in application to culture combining law with taboo and the attribution of supernatural powers to witches, sorcerers, shamans, or diviners. The nature of sanctions in ethnographic and theoretical perspective.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Anthropology 4030 and Anthropology 4086.

4041. Palaeopathology. Disease, diet, genetics, accidents and maternal health factors all contribute to variations in the human skeleton. In this course these factors are diagnosed from bones, and aspects of the culture, health, economy and environment of the skeletal individuals are examined.

Prerequisites: Anthropology 2430 and 3040.

4042-4049. Special Projects in Physical Anthropology. Directed reading, seminars and lab analysis of various skeletal collections. Topics to be covered may include primate behaviour, forensic anthropology, and various aspects of human evolution.

S/A 4070-79 (excluding 4071 and 4072). Advanced Interdisciplinary Specialties. (See Sociology-Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme.)

S/A 4071. Social and Cultural Aspects of Health and Illness. (See Sociology-Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme.)

S/A 4072. Social and Cultural Aspects of Death. (See Sociology-Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme.)

4081-4086 (excluding 4084). Special Areas in Anthropology. A series of individual or small group tutorials and reading courses on topics of special or current interest.

Prerequisite: Departmental permission.

S/A 4089. Language and Social Change. (See Sociology-Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme.)

S/A 4091. Oil and Development. (See Sociology-Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme.)

S/A 4092. Gender and Social Theory.

S/A 4110. Culture and Personality. (See Sociology-Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme.)

4111. Culture and Mental Illness. The course examines 'mental illness' as a cultural construct; ways in which societies think about and deal with what we call 'mental illness'; the social contexts in which 'mental illness' may arise or be perceived; and the roles 'mentally ill' persons play in various social contexts.

4112. The Case Study of a Value/or How a Value Works. The ways in which a single value is conceptualized and discussed in anthropological literature. Focus will be both on the anthropologist as interpreter and on the workings of the value in various societies in which it is thought to govern behaviour to a significant degree.

4113. Emotion. An examination of recent anthropological writings on the cultural aspects of emotion: cultural variations in the conceptualization of emotion and in the operation of specific emotions in social life.

4114. Cultural Contexts of Meaning and Motive. The course deals with a small selection of well-described cultures which explore the meaning of ritual and stylistic symbolism, vocabularies of motive and moral value, and the fit between 'culture' and 'social structure'.

4150-4159. Special Projects in Archaeology. The following are courses which may be offered from time to time as demand arises. They may involve readings, seminars and actual analysis of archaeological collections on, for example: The Neolithic of Western Asia; The Rise of Civilization in Western Asia; Scandinavian Prehistory; Palaeoethnobotany; and Technology and Material Culture.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 2480.

4170. Settlement and Subsistence Studies in Archaeology. A seminar course on method and theory in reconstructing prehistoric economic systems. Topics covered include the use of on-site and off-site methods of reconstructing, predicting and understanding past economic systems.

Prerequisites: Anthropology 2480 and nine credit hours in archaeology courses.

4180-4189 (excluding 4182, 4183, and 4186). Selected Topics in Archaeology and Prehistory. Consideration of recent developments in archaeology and prehistory.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 2480 or equivalent.

4280. Advanced Newfoundland Ethnography. A survey of the ethnographic literature on Newfoundland, past and present, with special emphasis on ecological adaptation, interpersonal relations, class formation, patronage, brokerage, clientship, state formation, and modernization.

Prerequisites: Sociology/Anthropology 2230, and at least third-year standing in an Arts degree programme.

4300. Fieldwork and the Interpretation of Culture. An analysis of the experience and process of anthropological fieldwork. The focus of the course will be not only on the problems of the anthropologist but also on the anthropologist as problem. Exercises, readings, and seminar discussions will examine such topics as: learning to observe; the relationships among perspective, data, and interpretation; participating, observing, and helping; negotiation of roles and rules for dialogue; problems of "acceptance'', "relevance'', and ethics.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Anthropology 4300 and the former Anthropology 4084.

4301. The Intensive Study of One Culture. A seminar on the kinds of knowledge brought to bear by an anthropologist in the comprehensive analysis of a single culture. The class and instructor study a single culture through all available documents. Individual students choose one different culture for parallel study.

4302. Biography and Culture. An examination of biographical techniques in the exploration, understanding and portraying of culture. Students will be expected to experiment with the collection and presentation of biographical material.

4370. Culture and Traditions of Ireland. (Same as Folklore 4370). An examination of the culture and traditions of Ireland through an interdisciplinary approach; historical, geographical, cultural and literary factors will be considered. Emphasis will be on the contemporary scene.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 4370 and the former Folklore 4351.

4410. History of Social and Cultural Anthropology. A detailed examination of critical issues in the history of anthropology and its various subdisciplines from ancient times to the formation of schools of thought in the late 19th and 20th centuries.

Prerequisite: At least fourth-year standing in an Arts degree programme, including 24 credit hours in Anthropology courses.

4411. Theory and Method in Archaeology and Prehistory. A seminar course focussing on recent theoretical and methodological developments in archaeological research.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 2480.

4412. Modern Cultural Theory. Evaluation of current approaches to culture through psychological, social-structural, critical, and symbolic Anthropology. Emphasis on major works, schools, and personages.

4422. The Craft of Writing Anthropological Narrative. A seminar open to senior students in any discipline, which examines in detail both the mechanics and the sensitivities necessary to produce literate analysis.

4440. Music and Culture. (Same as Folklore 4440 and Music 4440.) Traditional music as an aspect of human behaviour in Western and non-European cultures. Examination of the functions and uses of music; folk-popular-art music distinctions; and the relation of style to content. Outside reading, class exercises and individual reports will be required.

4450. Land Tenure and Culture. A survey of the variety of past and present systems of land tenure, showing their relevance to development/underdevelopment, conflicts with the state, relationships to social organization, symbolic significance, etc.

4451. Ethnography of Gambling. A comparative examination of gambling in western and non-western cultures.

4452. The Fisheries Revolution. Dilemmas and crises of culture, society, and ecology in the rise of modern commercial fisheries.

4500. Special Topic in Historical Archaeology. Consideration of current developments in methods, techniques, and theory in Historical Archaeology.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 2480 or permission of instructor.

S/A 4990. S/A Dissertation. (See Sociology-Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme.)

S/A 4991. S/A Comprehensive Examination. (See Sociology-Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme.)

4995. Honours Dissertation.

4996. Comprehensive Examination.

ARTS

1000. Artist and Audience I. An introduction to the nature and processes of art from the perspective of the psychology of art. Illustrative examples come from painting, music, literature and related projects undertaken by the students, with emphasis on painting from the late 1800's to the present.

1001. Artist and Audience II. A continuation of Arts 1000. Arts 1001 presents a shift in emphasis toward earlier works and to the broader social and cultural contexts in which they were created. A broad range of illustrative examples are examined from prehistory to the present, predominantly, but not exclusively, from the visual arts.

Prerequisite: Arts 1000.

CANADIAN STUDIES

Programme Supervisor: W.J.C. Cherwinski, Department of History.

1. a) This is a multidisciplinary Major programme in Canadian Studies offered to candidates for the Bachelor of Arts degree; and it is offered only as a second Major in conjunction with a disciplinary Major.

b) Since the programme draws upon courses in several departments, it is administered by an interdepartmental committee (The Canadian Studies Co-ordinating Committee). The Programme Supervisor will advise students upon the selection of courses in the Major.

2. To qualify as a Major in Canadian Studies, students must complete a minimum of 36 credit hours in courses exclusive of their disciplinary Major, including,

a) A core of 15 credit hours in the following courses:

- English 2150
- Geography 3405
- History 2210
- Political Science 2710
- Sociology/Anthropology 2240

b) At least 18 additional credit hours in courses chosen from the list below, from at least four different departments, and exclusive of any courses applied towards the first Major (* indicates cross-listed courses). In the event that a course from the above core is part of the disciplinary Major, a student will be required to complete at least 21 additional credit hours.

- Anthropology 3240*
- Economics 3030, 3150, 3620,* 3711,* 4020
- English 3152, 3153, 3156, 3157, 3158, 4821, 4822
- Folklore 4300, 4420*
- French 3651, 3652, 4310,* 4420,* 4500, 4501, 4502
- Geography 3100, 4640
- History 2200, 3130, 3140, 3150, 3620,* 3630,* 3650, 4240, 4241, 4242, 4245, 4249, 4250, 4251
- Linguistics 2025, 2026, 4310*
- Political Science 1010, 2711, 3700, 3710, 3711,* 3720, 3741, 3751, 3760, 3770, 3790, 4750, 4790
- Religious Studies 3902, 3903
- Sociology 3240*
- Sociology/Anthropology 3240*
- And any special topics courses approved for inclusion in this list by the Committee on Undergraduate Studies, Faculty of Arts.

c) Canadian Studies 4000.

3. In addition, a demonstration of adequate knowledge in both written and oral French is required. A candidate is deemed to have demonstrated adequate knowledge upon either passing an examination set by the French Department or by completing French 2100 with a ``B'' standing.

4. The normal departmental prerequisites are applicable, but Department Heads may waive course prerequisites in the Canadian Studies area for Canadian Studies Majors when alternate preparation can be demonstrated.

COURSE LIST

4000. Interdisciplinary Seminar in Canadian Studies. This seminar will expose students to the interdisciplinary approach to the study of Canada through a series of lectures and discussions conducted by members of departments represented on the Canadian Studies Major Programme Co-ordinating Committee and through the preparation of formal written work which explores a specific theme from a variety of disciplinary perspectives.

Prerequisite: Permission of the Supervisor of the Canadian Studies Major Programme.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Canadian Studies 4000 and History 4247.

CLASSICS

The Classics programme is designed to acquaint students with the ancient Greek and Roman cultures from which our Western Civilization has developed. The Department provides instruction in the Greek (Classical and New Testament) and Latin Languages and Literatures. In addition, the Department offers a wide selection of courses in Classical Studies which are primarily intended for students who desire an acquaintance with the ancient world without a knowledge of the languages.

GENERAL DEGREE

MAJOR IN CLASSICS

Candidates for a Major in Classics shall decide their programme in consultation with the Department.

Students who wish to specialize in Latin will take Classics 120A and B and at least 30 additional credit hours in Latin.

Students who wish to specialize in Greek will take Classics 130A and B and at least 30 additional credit hours in Greek.

Students who wish to choose a Major consisting of a combination of courses chosen from those offered in Latin, Greek and Classical Studies, or any combination of two of them, may do so, but such a programme must include 24 credit hours in either Latin or Greek.

MAJOR IN CLASSICAL STUDIES

This programme is offered as an alternative degree with less emphasis on language learning and greater weight given to courses on classical history, philosophy, literature, culture and archaeology. Candidates for a Major in Classical Studies will complete their programmes in consultation with the Department Head.

1) Classics 1100 and 1101

2) Either a) or b):

a) Classics 120A, 120B and 2200
b) Classics 130A, 130B and 2300

3) Six credit hours in Classical Studies courses chosen from among 2020, 2035, 2040, 2050, 2051, 2155, 2160, 2701.

4) Six credit hours in Classical Studies courses chosen from among 3101, 3102, 3110, 3111, 3121, 3130, 3150, 3270.

5) A further 15 credit hours in Classical Studies courses chosen from the lists in (3) and (4) above, and from Classics 4100-4109. Courses in Greek or Latin may be substituted with Departmental approval.

MINOR

Classics offers a Minor in any of the three following ways:

1) Greek 130A and B, six credit hours in courses chosen from of 2300, 2302 and 2305, plus 12 additional credit hours in Greek, Latin or Classical Studies;

2) Latin 120A and B, 2200 and 2205, plus 12 additional credit hours in Greek, Latin or Classical Studies;

3) Twenty-four credit hours in Classical Studies courses. In place of any of these the student may substitute courses in Greek or Latin.

HONOURS DEGREE

Candidates for Honours in Classics shall consult the Department before finalizing their programme.

Students who wish to specialize in Latin will take:

a) Classics 120A and B;
b) Classics 4295;
c) At least 42 additional credit hours in Latin, for up to 18 of which, courses in Greek may be substituted;
d) At least nine credit hours in Classical Studies courses, to be chosen in consultation with the Department Head.

Students who wish to specialize in Greek will take:

a) Classics 130A and B;
b) Classics 4395;
c) At least 42 additional credit hours in Greek, for up to 18 of which, courses in Latin may be substituted;
d) At least nine credit hours in Classical Studies courses, to be chosen in consultation with the Department Head.

JOINT HONOURS

Classics may be combined with another subject to form a Joint Honours programme. The Joint Honours Programme in Classics shall include at least 51 credit hours in Classics.

Students who wish to specialize in Latin will take:

a) Classics 120A and B;
b) Classics 4295;
c) At least 36 additional credit hours in Latin, for up to 18 of which, courses in Greek may be substituted;
d) At least six credit hours in Classical Studies courses, to be chosen in consultation with the Department Head.

Students who wish to specialize in Greek will take:

a) Classics 130A and B;
b) Classics 4395;
c) At least 36 additional credit hours in Greek, for up to 18 of which, courses in Latin may be substituted;
d) At least six credit hours in Classical Studies courses, to be chosen in consultation with the Department Head.

PREREQUISITES

1. Classics 2205 is the normal prerequisite for any Latin course in the 3000 or 4000 series.

2. Classics 2305 is the normal prerequisite for any Greek course in the 3000 or 4000 series.

For Classics 2302 (Readings in New Testament Greek), the prerequisite is Classics 130B.

In special circumstances, prerequisites may be waived with the permission of the Head of the Department.

COURSE LIST

GREEK

130A and 130B. Introduction to Greek (Classical and New Testament). This course is designed to introduce absolute beginners to the Greek language and to prepare them for the reading of masterpieces of Classical Greek literature and/or the New Testament in the original tongue. Students are acquainted with the alphabet in the first two or three lessons and then proceed to the study of the basic forms, syntax, and vocabulary. One feature of the course is the reading of original prose passages suitably graded to match the students' increasing skill. Special attention is also given to the study of derivatives and the student learns to appreciate the extent to which Greek has enriched the vocabulary of English especially in the areas of science and technology.

2300. Intermediate Greek. Any grammar and syntax not covered in the two earlier courses is completed and the student is able to read selections from a variety of authors.

2302. Readings in New Testament Greek.

Prerequisite: Classics 130B.

NOTE: Students may not receive credit for both Classics 3311 and 2302.

2305. Attic Prose Authors.

NOTE: Students who have completed Classics 2301 may not also receive credit for Classics 2305.

3310. Greek Tragedy I.

3315. Attic Orators.

NOTE: Students who have completed Classics 3300 may not also receive credit for Classics 3315.

3320. Greek Historians.

3331. Greek Comedy.

4300. Greek Tragedy II.

4310. Homer and Hesiod.

4320. Greek Lyric Verse.

4330. Post-Classical Greek Literature.

4340. Plato and Aristotle.

4350. Greek History with reference to sources.

4360. Greek Philosophy with reference to sources.

4370. Hellenistic Verse.

4380-90. Special Authors. Seminars to meet the needs of senior students of Greek.

4395. Greek Prose Composition. This course is open to Honours students in Greek, and to others with the permission of the Department.

4998. Directed reading course for Honours Students with comprehensive examination.

LATIN

120A and 120B. Introduction to the Latin Language. This course is designed to introduce absolute beginners to the Latin language and, by careful selection of ancient thoughts in the original tongue, to give a reading knowledge of the language. The student, furthermore, is enabled while acquiring the basic forms, syntax, and vocabulary of Latin to perceive many of the linguistic principles that form the basis of English and Romance languages of our day. The course should also be of interest to students in the Faculty of Science who wish to understand the derivations of scientific terminology.

2200. Intermediate Latin. Any grammar and syntax not covered in the two earlier courses is completed and the student is able to read selections from a variety of authors.

2205. Selections from Latin Authors.

NOTE: Students who have completed Classics 2201 may not also receive credit for Classics 2205.

3208. Literature of the Roman Republic: Plautus and Cicero.

NOTE: Students who have completed Classics 3200 may not also receive credit for Classics 3208.

3209. Literature of the Roman Republic: Catullus and Caesar.

NOTE: Students who have completed Classics 3201 may not also receive credit for Classics 3209.

3210. Roman Lyric: Horace.

3220. Roman History of the Late Republic with special reference to literary sources.

3221. Roman History of the Early Empire with special reference to literary sources.

3230. Roman Elegy.

4200. Literature of the Early Roman Empire: Lucan and Pliny.

4201. Literature of the Early Roman Empire: Tacitus and Martial.

4210. Roman Historians: Sallust and Caesar.

4220. Roman Didactic Poetry: Lucretius and Virgil.

4221. Roman Pastoral Poetry: Virgil and his Successors.

4230. Roman Epic: Virgil, Aeneid.

4240. Roman Drama: Plautus, Terence, Seneca.

4250. Roman Satire: Horace, Persius, Juvenal.

4261. Roman Philosophical Writing: Cicero and Seneca.

4270. Latin Patristic Literature: St. Augustine, Confessions.

4271. Latin Patristic Literature. Selections from the Latin Fathers.

4280-90. Special Authors. Seminars to meet the needs of senior students of Latin.

4295. Latin Prose Composition. This course is open to Honours students in Latin, and to others with the permission of the Department.

4998. Directed reading course for Honours Students with comprehensive examination.

CLASSICAL STUDIES

NOTE: For the following courses, no knowledge of Greek or Latin is required.

1100. Introduction to Greek Civilization. A general illustrated survey of the origins and evolution of Ancient Greek Civilization. The course introduces the student to Greek social and political institutions, religion and myth, and achievements in art, philosophy, science and literature, as well as the influence of Ancient Greece on the modern world.

NOTE: Students who have completed Classics 2000 may not also receive credit for Classics 1100.

1101. Introduction to Roman Civilization. A general illustrated survey of the origins and evolution of Ancient Rome. The course introduces the student to social, political, and legal institutions, the growth of the Roman Empire, Roman art, literature, and religions, as well as Rome's pervasive influence in the modern world.

NOTE: Students who have completed Classics 2001 may not also receive credit for Classics 1101.

2020. Hellenistic Civilization. An illustrated survey of the political, social, intellectual and artistic developments in the Mediterranean world and the Near East from the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC until the incorporation of the Kingdom of Egypt in the Roman Empire in 30 BC. Particular attention is given to the fusion of eastern and western thought-patterns and ideologies under the influence of Greek culture.

2035. History of Classical Greece. (Same as History 2035). A survey of Greek History from the Bronze Age to the death of Alexander the Great, with special reference to the social and political institutions of the fifth century B.C.

NOTE: Students who have completed History/Classics 2030 since 1985-86 or the former History/Classics 3910 may not also receive credit for History/Classics 2035.

2040. History of Rome. (Same as History 2040). A survey of Roman History from the early monarchy to the reign of Constantine with special reference to society and politics in the late Republic and early Empire.

NOTE: Students who have completed Classics/History 3920 may not also receive credit for Classics 2040.

2050. Socrates and Athens. An introduction to and examination of Socrates within the context of Athenian political, social, cultural, intellectual, and religious life, and against the background of the fifth-century enlightenment and the sophistic movement.

2051. Augustus and Rome. The Age of Augustus (27 B.C. to A.D. 14) witnessed not only Rome's greatest achievements in literature and art but also the replacement of republican government by a monarchy; this course, based on original sources, examines the period through its most powerful and influential figure.

2155. Greek and Roman Education. A survey of the theory and practice of Greek and Roman education from the archaic period to late antiquity.

NOTE: Students who have completed either Classics 2150 or Classics 2151 may not also receive credit for Classics 2155.

2160. Sport and Athletics in Ancient Society. This course will trace the evolution of athletics and other forms of recreation in Greece and Rome, with the emphasis on their religious, cultural, and social importance. Topics will include sports in Homer, the concept of arete, the Olympic 'ideal', gladiatorial contests, Greek athletics and the Roman Empire.

2701. History of Ancient Philosophy. (Same as Philosophy 2701). A survey of the origin and development of Western philosophy among the Greeks and Romans.

3101. Greek Art and Architecture. An introduction, through illustrated lectures, to the study of the art and architecture of Ancient Greece.

NOTE: Students who have completed Classics 3100 may not obtain credit for Classics 3101.

3102. Roman Art and Architecture. An introduction, through illustrated lectures, to the study of the art and architecture of Ancient Rome.

3110. Greek Literature in Translation. (Same as English 3110.) Representative readings in English of the principal literary forms of Classical Greece. The literary achievement of the Greeks and their contributions to Western letters and culture.

3111. Latin Literature in Translation. (Same as English 3111.) Representative readings in English of the principal literary forms of Republican and Imperial Rome. The literary achievement of the Romans and their contribution to Western letters and culture.

3121. Greek and Roman Religion. (Same as Religious Studies 3121.) A study of the role of religion in the private and public life of the ancient world.

3130. Greek and Roman Mythology. (Same as Folklore 3130.) A study of the major legends of Greece and Rome as embodied in the literary and artistic remains of the ancient world, and of the influence of these legends on later art and literature.

3150. Early Christian Thought. (Same as Religious Studies 3150.) An advanced study of selected themes and personalities in Christian thought and literature from the second to the sixth centuries. Particular attention will be given to the controversies centering on the doctrines of the Trinity and the Person of Christ.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2130 or the permission of the Department of Classics.

3270. Christianity and the Roman Empire. (Same as History 3270 and Religious Studies 3270.) A study of the relationship between Christianity and the Roman Empire from the first to the fourth century.

4100-4109. Special Topics in Classical Studies. Topics to be offered will be announced by the Department and may include field studies in topography, Greek and Roman art and architecture, archaeology, and related areas, to be held in the Mediterranean and other regions of Graeco-Roman influence.

Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.

COMPUTER SCIENCE

For Departmental Regulations and Course Descriptions, see Faculty of Science, Computer Science, section of the Calendar.

DRAMA AND MUSIC

Programme Supervisor: D.C. Lynde, Department of English

1. a) This is an Interdisciplinary Major Programme in Drama and Music offered to candidates for the Bachelor of Arts degree, under paragraph 3 (b) of the Regulations for the General Degree of Bachelor of Arts.

b) Since the programme is interdisciplinary, it is administered by an interdepartmental committee (The Drama and Music Co-ordinating Committee). The Programme Supervisor will advise students upon the selection of courses in the Major.

2. To qualify as a Major in Drama and Music, students must complete a minimum of 51 credit hours as follows:

a) Department of English-Drama Courses

Students must complete at least 27 credit hours in English , as follows:

i) Six credit hours in English at the 1000 level, preferably including 1102
ii) 2002, 3350, 3351, 4400, 4401
iii) Three additional credit hours in English at the 2000 level
iv) Three credit hours in courses chosen from 3021, 3022, 3156, 3171, 3181, 3200, 3201, 3260, 3302, 4302.

b) School of Music-Music Courses

Students must complete at least 24 credit hours in Music, as follows:

i) 1002 and 1003, or 1020 and 1021, or 2000 and 2001.
ii) Music 1113 and 1114 (or Music 110A/B)
iii) Music 2113 and 2114 (or Music 210A/B)
iv) 2005 and 3501.

Further courses in music may be chosen as Arts electives from courses at the 3000 level in Music Theory and at the 2000 and 3000 level in Music History. These include Music 2002, 2003, 3002, 3003, 3004, 3005, 310A/B, 3100, 3102, 3103, and 3104 and 3105.

NOTES: 1) These courses are intended for students with some background in music.

a) Students must demonstrate a proficiency in piano sufficient to undertake Music 1113 and 1114 (further details are available from the School of Music).
b) Successful completion of Music 1020 and 1021, and 1120 and 1121 is recommended for students lacking a knowledge of history and theory of music.
c) Music 1002 and 1003 are required for students wishing to take further electives in Music History.

2) Music course prerequisites as stated in the course descriptions shall apply to the major in Drama and Music. It should be noted that some courses are not offered every semester.

ECONOMICS

GENERAL DEGREE

1. See the General Regulations for the B.A. Degree.

2. Economics 2010 and 2020 are prerequisites for all other Economics courses except Economics 2070.

3. Economics 2550, 3000 and 3010 are prerequisites for all 4000-level courses.

4. Candidates shall consult with the Head of the Department or delegate when choosing courses for a Major in Economics.

5. Mathematics 1080 and 1081 or their equivalents are prerequisites for Economics 3000, 3010, and 3550.

6. Candidates who undertake a Major in Economics shall complete Statistics 2500 and at least 39 credit hours in courses in Economics of which:

a) 2010, 2020, 2550, 3000, 3001, 3010 and 3550 are obligatory.
b) Eighteen credit hours shall be chosen from among the various Economics courses in consultation with the Head of the Department or delegate, and will include at least nine credit hours in courses at 4000 level.
c) Candidates may, with the approval of the Head of the Department or delegate, substitute Statistics 2510 for Statistics 2500.

7. Candidates majoring in Economics shall complete a minor of 24 credit hours in one other approved subject It is recommended that the Minor be chosen from the following subjects: Business, Mathematics, Computer Science, Statistics, Political Science, History, Geography, Philosophy, Sociology, Anthropology.

HONOURS DEGREE

1. See the General Regulations for the B.A. (Honours) Degree.

2. Candidates shall consult with the Head of the Department or delegates when choosing courses for an Honours programme.

3. Candidates are required to complete at least 60 credit hours in courses in Economics, of which: 2010, 2020, 2550, 3000, 3001, 3010, 3011, 3550, 3551, 4550, 4551 shall be chosen.

4. Twenty-four credit hours in electives in Economics shall be chosen in consultation with the Head of the Department or delegate, including at least nine credit hours in courses at the 4000 level. In addition, Economics Honours candidates are required to write a dissertation.

5. Honours candidates are required either to obtain a "B" standing in Mathematics 1080 and 1081 or their equivalents, or to complete Mathematics 1081 or equivalent and Mathematics 1001; and to complete Statistics 2500.

MINOR IN ECONOMICS

1. Economics 2010, 2020, 3000, and 3010 are obligatory.

2. Twelve credit hours in Economics electives shall be chosen in consultation with the Head of the Department or Delegate.

3. Course prerequisites stipulated in the General Degree regulations and in the course descriptions shall apply to a Minor in Economics.

COURSE LIST

NOTE: 2010 and 2020 are prerequisites for all advanced courses in Economics. Either course may be taken for semester credit by those intending to complete only three credit hours in Economics.

2010. Introduction to Microeconomics I. Scarcity and opportunity cost. Demand and supply. Elasticity. Household demand: marginal utility. Household demand: indifference curves. Production functions. Short-run and long-run cost functions. Perfect competition in the short run and the long run. Monopoly.

2015. Introduction to Microeconomics II. Production theory and isoquants. Imperfect competition. Marginal productivity. Labour markets. Rent and opportunity cost. Capital. Resource allocation and economic efficiency.

This course may not be used to satisfy the requirements for a Major in Economics.

Prerequisite: Economics 2010.

2020. Introduction to Macroeconomics. National income accounting, aggregate income analysis, money, banking and foreign trade.

2070. The Structure and Problems of the Newfoundland Economy. An analysis of the structure of the economy of Newfoundland. Current economic issues and problems in Newfoundland will be studied. This course is intended for those who do not possess a background in basic economic theory.

Prerequisites: None. Intended primarily for students in the Newfoundland Studies Minor Programme, but open to others by permission of the Head. This course may not be used to satisfy the requirements for a Major in Economics.

2550. Economic Statistics and Data Analysis. Analysis of economic statistics and the use of economic data. A course designed to introduce students to the task of economic data collection, description and analysis. Emphasis will be on interpretation and analysis of data using computer software programmes.

Prerequisite: Statistics 2500 or equivalent.

3000. Intermediate Micro Theory I. The basic microeconomic theory course; consumer demand, indifference curve analysis, theory of production and cost, factor substitution, and the theory of the firm under perfect competition and monopoly.

3001. Intermediate Micro Theory II. A continuation of basic microeconomic theory; the theory of imperfect competition, theory of factor pricing under various market structures, general equilibrium and welfare economics.

Prerequisite: Economics 3000.

3010. Intermediate Macro Theory I. Aggregate analysis including consumer, investment, government and international sectors, the role of money, determinants of aggregate supply, and the effects of autonomous behavioural changes and fiscal and monetary policies on unemployment, price levels and the balance of payments.

3011. Intermediate Macro Theory II. Consideration of modern theories of macroeconomics, dynamics, empirical evidence and simulation of the national economy. Emphasis on the availability and effectiveness of government policy instruments.

Prerequisite: Economics 3010.

3030. International Economics - Issues and Problems in a Canadian Context. An intermediate course in international economics. The course covers the theory of comparative advantage, the structure and policy issues of the Canadian balance of payments, the foreign exchange market and the institutional aspects of international commerce.

3070. The Structure and Problems of the Newfoundland Economy. An analysis of the structure of the economy of Newfoundland. Basic economic theory will be applied to current economic issues and problems in Newfoundland.

3080. Natural Resource and Environmental Economics. Application of economic analysis to renewable and nonrenewable natural resource industries such as the fishery, forestry, and mining. Emphasis is given to the criteria for optimal resource use under various market structures and their implications for public policy. Issues of environmental resource management and pollution control will also be covered.

3150. Money and Banking. The operation of the money and banking system, with special emphasis on Canadian problems. Monetary theory will be treated in relation to income theory and foreign trade.

3360. Labour Market Economics. This is an intermediate course concentrating on Canadian labour issues. The course investigates the labour market decisions that workers face and the influence of government decisions. Course topics also include factors affecting a firm's demand for labour, wage determination in non-union market, the role of unions, the various structure of wages and wage differentials in the Canadian setting.

NOTE: Students who have completed the former Economics 4360 may not receive credit for Economics 3360.

3550. Mathematical Economics I. Linear algebra and differential calculus, with applications to economics.

Prerequisite: Mathematics 1081 or equivalent with a "B" standing, or Mathematics 2050. This course is closed to Majors in Mathematics.

3551. Mathematical Economics II. Integral calculus, difference and differential equations, with applications to Economics.

Prerequisite: Economics 3550.

3600. Industrial Revolutions of the 18th and 19th Centuries. (Same as History 3600.) The first industrial revolution in England from its origins, and industrialization in selected parts of the world during the 19th century.

3610. International Economic History of the 19th and 20th Centuries. (Same as History 3610.) The economic relationships between Europe and the rest of the world in the 19th and 20th centuries; the shift in the centre of economic power from Europe to North America in the 20th century.

3620. Canadian Economic History to the End of the 19th Century. (Same as History 3620.) Economic development from European contact to the establishment of a national economy.

3630. Canadian Economic History in the 20th Century. (Same as History 3630.) The economic development of Canada from the wheat economy through the new industrialization to the present.

3711. Intergovernmental Relations. (Same as Political Science 3711)

Federal-provincial-municipal fiscal relations in Canada: intergovernmental tax agreements and equalization payments. (II.) Co-operative federalism: shared-cost programmes and opting-out arrangements. (III.) Intergovernmental bargaining in the following issue areas: tax reform; administration of justice; welfare policy; post-secondary education.

Prerequisites: Political Science 2710 or Economics 2010 and 2020.

4000. Advanced Microeconomic Analysis. An advanced treatment of theoretical and applied microeconomic theory, including topics such as intertemporal choice, risk and information, game theory and competitive strategy, index numbers, public goods, externalities, input-output analysis, linear programming, duality theory and empirical microeconomic studies.

Prerequisite: Economics 3001.

4010. Economics of Development in Less Developed Countries. A problem and policy approach to the economics of development, with emphasis on the issues of poverty, inequality and unemployment. General economic principles, theories and models are examined in the context of less developed economies, and global, institutional and structural implications are drawn.

4011. Economic Planning and Development. The examination of issues in the theory and practice of planning, principles of plan implementation, incentives in a planned economy and models of planning. Alternative approaches to planning are considered, e.g., Traditional Central Planning, Indirect Financial Planning, Indicative Planning, and Economic Development Planning.

4025. Public Expenditure. An analysis of the theory of public expenditure. Relationship to resource allocation and distribution of income. Market failure and the rationale for government intervention. Theory of public goods. Public choice mechanisms. Expenditure patterns in Canada. Public sector budgeting. Public enterprise pricing and investment rules. Introduction to cost-benefit analysis.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Economics 4020 and Economics 4025.

4026. Taxation. An analysis of the theory of taxation. Relationship to resource allocation and distribution of income. Incentive effects of taxation. Tax incidence. Tax structure in Canada at federal, provincial and local levels.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Economics 4020 and Economics 4026.

4030. International Trade. Pure theory of trade, commercial policy, price discrimination and cartels, commercial policy for developing countries and the customs union.

4031. International Monetary Problems. An advanced course in open economy macroeconomics covering balance of payments adjustment under fixed and flexible exchange rates; exchange rate movements and capital movements; the international monetary system; interdependence in the world economy.

4040. Economics of Education. The relationship of Economics to education. Investment in human capital. Financing of education. Education in Newfoundland.

4050. Inflation: Theory and Policy. Analysis of the theoretical bases and policy implications of alternative theories of inflation. The empirical literature will be studied with particular emphasis on the Canadian experience.

4060. Development of Economic Thought I. Adam Smith to Karl Marx. A study in the development of Classical Economics with emphasis on the contributions of Smith, Malthus, Ricardo, Mill and Marx.

4061. Development of Economic Thought II. Alfred Marshall to Keynes. A study in the evolution of marginalism. Emphasis will be placed on the Economics of Marshall and Keynes. Institutional Economics, a parallel development, is also considered.

4070. Forestry Economics. An examination of the theoretical and empirical literature on the economics of forest use.

4080. Advanced Fisheries Economics. An examination of advanced theoretical and empirical studies of economic problems associated with prosecuting fisheries resources.

4090. Mineral and Petroleum Economics. An introduction to some of the theoretical economic problems and practical solutions involved in the exploration, development and production phases of mineral and petroleum mining in Newfoundland and Labrador.

4100. Industrial Organization and Public Policy. Study of the basic characteristics of structure, behaviour and performance of industry with particular reference to the Canadian economy. Relation of industrial structure to social purpose is examined, with an emphasis on public regulations of monopoly and the objectives and implementation of anti-combines policy.

4120. Applied Welfare Economics and Cost Benefit Analysis. This course investigates some current criteria of welfare theory found in the literature and then outlines the principles used in measuring changes in consumer and producer welfare. The theory of cost benefit analysis is examined and then the principles are applied to a variety of projects, some of which are proposed to take place in Newfoundland and Labrador.

4140. Health Economics. An application of economic analysis to current issues in the organization, financing and utilization of health services.

4150. Monetary Theory. Empirical studies in money. Readings in current literature. Monetary theory with applications to problems of employment and foreign trade.

4361. Labour Market Theory and Income Distribution. Survey of alternative theories of labour market economics. An examination of theories of income distribution and of alternative income security programmes used to alleviate poverty.

4550. Econometrics I. Estimation of the general linear regression model with emphasis on fundamental theory and examples from published empirical research.

4551. Econometrics II. Further problems in econometric theory and technique: multicollinearity, autocorrelation, nonlinear estimation, and the identification and estimation of systems of equations. Published empirical research will be discussed and each student will be expected to perform an original empirical study.

Prerequisite: Economics 4550.

4999. Honours Dissertation.

ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

GENERAL DEGREE

1. One of English 1000, 1050, 1080, the former 1100 AND one of English 1001, 1051, 1101, 1102, 1103, 1110 are prerequisites for all other courses. In the case of students whose first language is not English and who take 1020 or 1030, that course and one of English 1000, 1001, 1050, 1051, 1080, 1101, 1102, 1103 or the former 1100 are prerequisites for all other courses.

2. Students who choose English as their Major must complete at least 36 credit hours in courses in the subject including one of English 2000, 2005 or 2110, English 2390, English 3200 or 3201, and at least six credit hours in courses having an initial digit "4". Neither of these courses may be chosen from those listed in Clause 8 below, nor from courses conducted by another Department. Other courses must be chosen in consultation with the Head of the Department or his/her delegate.

3. In addition to the general major defined in (2) above, students may take a specialization in theatre/drama within the English major. Admission to this specialization is by application only, and application may be made only after English 2002 has been completed. Normally students will apply for admission at the end of their second year. Application forms are available from the Department.

In this specialization, students must complete 39 credit hours in courses as follows:

a) Six credit hours in English courses at the first-year level (see Clause 1 above).
b) English 2000, 2002, 2390, 3350, 3351, 4400, 4401;
c) Three credit hours in one of 3200, 3201;
d) Three credit hours in one of 4300, 4301;
e) Three credit hours in one of English 3156, 3171, 3260 or 4302;
f) Three credit hours in one of English 3021, 3022, 3181 or 3302;

4. In addition to the general major defined in (2) above students may take a specialization in language within the English major. In this specialization students must complete 42 credit hours in courses as follows :

a) Six credit hours in courses at the first-year level (see Clause 1 above).
b) English 2000, 2400, 2401;
c) Three credit hours in one of 2390, 3651;
d) Three credit hours in one of 3200, 3201;
e) At least 21 credit hours chosen from the following courses, of which at least two courses shall have an initial digit "3" and at least two courses an initial digit "4": 250A, 250B, 2600, 2601, 3650, 3651, 3700, 3814, 4403, 4420, 4421, 4500, 4501, 4600, and 4601.

Students in this specialization are advised to take 2390 before 3650 and to take 2400 before 2401.

5. Students who choose English as their Minor must complete at least 24 credit hours in courses in the subject. These must include one of English 2000, 2005, or 2110, and at least two in courses having an initial digit "3", one of which must be English 3200 or 3201. Requirements for the Minor may not be satisfied by the completion of courses listed in Clause 8 below, nor by courses conducted by another Department.

6. No student shall register in any course having an initial digit "3" unless he/she has successfully completed at least six credit hours in courses having an initial digit "2".

7. No student shall register in any course having an initial digit "4" unless he/she has successfully completed at least six credit hours in courses having an initial digit "3".

8. No student shall include in the 36 credit hours required for the Major nor in the 24 credit hours required for the Minor more than two of the following courses: English 3110, 3111, 4403, 4450.

NOTE: Students are strongly urged to take English 2000 and 2001 in their second year.

9. English 3395 (SWG) will be accepted as a substitute for English 2390 for fulfilling the requirements of the English major.

10. The programmes at the Sir Wilfred Grenfell College contain some courses that are not available in St. John's. Hence, students wishing to transfer from the St. John's campus to Grenfell College may have difficulty in completing their programme in a timely fashion.

HONOURS DEGREE WITH ENGLISH AS MAJOR SUBJECT

NOTE: Honours candidates who, by September 1989, had completed 36 credit hours or more in English may complete their Honours programme in accordance with the departmental regulations published in the 1988-89 Calendar, but may, if they wish, follow the regulations below. All other Honours candidates must complete their programmes according to the regulations printed here.

1. Courses will be chosen in consultation with the Head of Department.

2. The following courses are compulsory:

a) Either English 2110* and 2111* or 2000 and 2001;
b) 250 A and B;
c) Three credit hours in one of 2150, 2212, 2213;
d) 2390;
e) Three credit hours in one of 2600, 3600;
f) Three credit hours in one of 3200, 3201;
g) six credit hours in two of 3021, 3022, 4010, 4030, 4031, 4040;
h) six credit hours in two of 3152, 3181, 3302, 4041, 4050, 4051, 4060, 4061, 4251;
i) six credit hours in two of 3153, 3156, 3157, 3158, 4070, 4071, 4080, 4260, 4261, 4270, 4300, 4301;
j) 4100 and 4101;
k) 4900.

* English 2110 and 2111 are especially recommended for Honours students.

3. Notwithstanding the specific requirements outlined above, all Honours students are required to complete three credit hours in courses in Canadian Literature and three credit hours in courses in American Literature.

4. In their final year, all Honours candidates are required to write a general comprehensive examination (4990) or, with the approval of the Head of the Department, present an Honours Essay (4999).

5. English 3395 (SWG) will be accepted as a substitute for English 2390 for fulfilling the requirements of the English Honours degree.

JOINT HONOURS DEGREE IN ENGLISH AND ANOTHER MAJOR SUBJECT

1. See General Regulations for Honours Degree.

2. Candidates shall complete at least 39 credit hours in courses in English beyond the first year, and a student's programme must be approved by the Head of the Department and conform to the General Regulations for Joint Honours degrees.

a) at least six credit hours chosen from courses numbered 2000 to 2213*;
b) at least six credit hours chosen from courses numbered 2390 to 2601;
c) Three credit hours in one of 3200, 3201;
d) 4100 and 4101;
e) 4900;
f) at least three credit hours in courses chosen from each of 2(g), 2(h), and 2(i) above - Honours Degree with English as Major Subject.
g) at least six additional credit hours chosen from courses at the 3000 or 4000 level.

* English 2110 and 2111 are especially recommended for Honours students.

COURSE LIST

NOTES: 1) Lists of texts and readings for courses may be obtained from the Secretary of the Department of English.

2) Courses for which there is insufficient demand will not be given.

3) English 100F is a non-credit course recommended for students who are weak in English language and literature. (For example, students with an average of less than 70 per cent in the required Level III Language and Literature courses of the Province's High School Programme are advised to take 100F.)

4) English 1000, 1050, 1080, and the former 1100 are courses for students who have attained a standard in Level III English acceptable to the Department or have been promoted from English 100F.

5) English 1050 and 1051 are courses for students who have completed Level III English at a level of attainment acceptable to the Department.

6) English 1020 is a course for students whose first language is not English and who have passed 102F or have attained a standard acceptable to the Department on the English Placement Test.

7) English 1001, 1051, 1101, 1102, 1103, 1110 are courses which may be taken by students who have successfully completed 1000, 1050, 1080 or the former 1100. English 1000, 1001, 1050, 1051, 1080, 1101, 1102, 1103, or the former 1100 are courses which may be taken by students who have successfully completed 1020 or 1030.

8) Students cannot receive credit for more than one of English 1000, 1050, 1080, 1100 or for more than one of 1001, 1051, 1101, 1102, 1103, 1110.

9) Students cannot receive credit for both English 1020 or 1030 and English 1110, nor can they receive credit for both English 1110 and English 2010.

10) A student may not receive credit for more than six credit hours in first-year courses in English (this includes unspecified first-year transfer credits).

100C. Survey of the English Language I. This course is intended for students accepted for the Teacher Education Programme Labrador (TEPL) and the Bachelor of Education (Native and Northern) programme. An introduction to the reading and writing of paragraphs and short compositions in English. Special attention will be paid to specific rhetorical modes, organizational strategies and sentence structure.

101C. Survey of the English Language II. This course is intended for students accepted for the Teacher Education Programme Labrador (TEPL) and the Bachelor of Education (Native and Northern) programme. A further development of the English language skills introduced in English 100C. Emphasis is placed on the writing of short descriptive and narrative pieces and the use of lexical cohesion.

102C. Survey of the English Language III. This course is intended for students accepted for the Teacher Education Programme Labrador (TEPL) and the Bachelor of Education (Native and Northern) programme. An introduction to more formal styles of writing academic English. Emphasis placed on whole discourse and strategies of analysis, generalizing and synthesizing as well as lexical cohesion.

103C. Survey of the English Language IV. This course is intended for students accepted for the Teacher Education Programme Labrador (TEPL) and the Bachelor of Education (Native and Northern) programme. A further development of the modes-of-discourse approach introduced in English 102C. Emphasis is on the rhetorical conventions used in academic writing.

NOTE: 100C, 101C, 102C, AND 103C MAY NOT BE USED FOR CREDIT TOWARDS ANY DEGREE

100F. A non-credit one-semester course for students seeking remedial work in writing. The course teaches strategies for writing in an academic context. Assignments are given frequently.

Lectures: Four hours per week.

102F. A non-credit course designed for students whose first language is other than English and whose knowledge and use of English do not meet the standards for entry into the regular first-year English courses.

Lectures: Four hours per week plus one hour conversation class.

Laboratory: One hour per week.

1020. Writing for Second Language Students. An introduction to the use of English with emphasis on composition for non-native English-speaking students.

Lectures: Three hours per week.

NOTE: Admission to English 1020 will be determined on the basis of the departmental English Placement Test or successful completion of English 102F.

1030. Writing. This course is intended for students registered in the Bachelor of Education (Native and Northern) degree programme. An introduction to the use of English with emphasis on composition for students who, in addition to English, speak and plan to teach Innuit and/or Innu languages.

NOTE: Admission to English 1030 will be determined on the basis of a departmental English Placement Test or successful completion of English 102C and 103C or equivalent.

1031. Prose Literature. An introduction to the novel and short prose forms. This course is intended for students registered in the Bachelor of Education (Native and Northern) degree programme. Emphasis will be placed on writing.

NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed English 1001, 1051, 1101, 1102, 1103 or 1110.

1080. Critical Reading and Writing. An exploration of literary texts, which will include such forms as poetry, short fiction, drama and the essay. Emphasis will be placed on writing.

Lectures: Three hours per week.

NOTE: Credit will not be given for both 1080, and 1000, 1050 or the former 1100.

1101. Fiction. An introduction to such forms as the novel, the novella, the story sequence. Emphasis will be placed on writing.

Lectures: Three hours per week.

Prerequisite: English 1000 or 1020 or 1030 or 1050 or 1080 or the former 1100.

1102. Drama. An introduction to drama. Emphasis will be placed on writing.

Lectures: Three hours per week.

Prerequisite: English 1000 or 1020 or 1030 or 1050 or 1080 or the former 1100.

NOTE: English 1102 may not be used instead of English 2002 as a prerequisite for entry into the Theatre-Drama specialization within the Major.

1103. Poetry. An introduction to poetry. Emphasis will be placed on writing.

Lectures: Three hours per week.

Prerequisite: English 1000 or 1020 or 1030 or 1050 or 1080 or the former 1100.

1110. Comprehension, Writing and Prose Style. An introduction to the analysis of prose and to writing for various purposes, including exposition.

Prerequisite: English 1000 or 1050 or 1080 or the former 1100.

Lectures: Three hours per week.

NOTES: 1) Students cannot receive credit for both 1110 and 2010.

2) Students cannot receive credit for both English 1020 and 1110, nor for both 1030 and 1110.

2000. Major Writers to 1800. An introduction to the work of major authors by detailed study of selected texts. There is an emphasis on the various skills of essay writing.

NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of English 2000, 2005, and 2110.

2001. Major Writers from 1800. An introduction to the work of major authors by detailed study of selected texts. There is an emphasis on the various skills of essay writing.

NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of English 2001, 2007, and 2111.

2002. Drama. A survey of drama from the Greeks to the present day.

NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of English 2002 and 2350.

2003. Poetry. A study of poetry, which aims to increase the student's critical understanding and appreciation of poetry, conducted through an examination of a wide variety of kinds and techniques.

2004. Short Fiction. A study of short fiction which aims to give the student an appreciation of the short story as a literary form. The course will deal with the nature, history and development of short fiction by considering a variety of authors and stories.

2010. Comprehension, Writing and Prose Style (I). The chief emphasis will be on the development of (a) the capacity to understand and appreciate the varieties of prose through close analysis of a wide range of examples, and (b) the ability to write expository and other kinds of prose.

NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed English 1110.

2020. Comprehension, Writing and Prose Style (II). A continuation of the work begun in 1110 and 2010.

Prerequisite: English 1110 or English 2010.

2030. Comprehension, Writing and Prose Style. This course is intended for students registered in the Bachelor of Education (Native and Northern) degree programme. An introduction to the analysis of prose and to writing for various purposes. The chief emphasis will be on the development of (a) the capacity to understand and appreciate the varieties of prose through close examination of a wide range of examples, and (b) the ability to write expository and other kinds of prose.

NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed English 1110 or English 2010.

2031. Modern Canadian Fiction. A study of Canadian fiction including texts with a northern native emphasis. This course is intended for students registered in the Bachelor of Education (Native and Northern) degree programme.

NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed English 2150.

2110. Survey of English Literature I. A study of English prose, poetry, and drama in their social and literary context, through the analysis of works representing the development of literature from the Anglo-Saxon period to the mid-eighteenth century.

Prerequisite: A minimum average grade of 65% in required first-year courses in English, or permission of the Head of Department.

NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of English 2000, 2005 and 2110.

2111. Survey of English Literature II. A study of the development of English prose, poetry and drama in their social and literary contexts, through the analysis of works representing the development of literature from the mid-eighteenth century through the twentieth century.

Prerequisite: A minimum average grade of 65% in required first-year courses in English, or permission of the Head of Department.

NOTES: 1) Students can receive credit for only one of English 2001, 2007, and 2111.

2) Students are urged to take English 2110 before 2111.

2150. Modern Canadian Fiction. A study of representative Canadian fiction since 1930, including such authors as Ross, Buckler, Davies, Laurence, Atwood, Ondaatje and Findley.

2210. The English Novel to 1800. A study of representative eighteenth-century English novels including such authors as Aphra Behn, Defoe, Richardson, Fielding, Sterne and Smollett.

NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed English 2200.

2211. The English Novel from 1800-1900. A study of representative English novels of the nineteenth century including works by such authors as Austen, the Brontës, Dickens, Thackeray, Gaskell, Eliot, Trollope and Hardy.

NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed English 2200.

2212. The Twentieth-Century British Novel. A study of representative British novels of the twentieth century, including works by such authors as Conrad, Forster, Joyce, Lawrence, Woolf, Waugh, Lessing and Murdoch.

NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed English 2201.

2213. The Twentieth-Century American Novel. A study of representative American novels of the twentieth century, including such authors as James, Dreiser, Fitzgerald, Hemingway, Faulkner, Hurston, Morrison, Pynchon, DeLillo and Silko.

NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed English 2201.

2214. Nineteenth-Century American Fiction. A study of representative American fiction of the nineteenth century including works by such authors as Poe, Hawthorne, Melville, Stowe, Twain and Chopin.

NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of English 2214 and 2215.

2250. Drama: Structure, Form and Practice. A study of dramatic texts, in a variety of forms, with emphasis on interpretation.

2390. Introduction to Modern English Structures. A practical introduction to the descriptive study of the English language with emphasis on syntax.

2400. History of the English Language to 1500. (Same as Linguistics 2400). A study of the early stages of the English Language: the Indo-European background; pronunciation and spelling, grammar, vocabulary and meaning in Old and Middle English.

Prerequisite: English 2390 or Linguistics 2103

2401. History of the English Language from 1500 to Modern Times. (Same as Linguistics 2401). The English language since the Great Vowel Shift: sounds and grammar; standardization and varieties; eighteenth-century attitudes and nineteenth-century scholarship; semantic and lexical change.

Prerequisite: English 2390 or Linguistics 2103.

NOTES: 1) Students can receive credit for only one of English 2401 and 3395.

2) Students are urged to take 2400 before registering for English 2401.

250A and 250B. Introduction to Old English. In the first semester, a study of the basic phonology, morphology and syntax of Old English. In the second semester, the reading of prose and poetry.

2600. Introduction to Middle English. A study of the language and literature of the later medieval period, excluding Chaucer.

2601. Introduction to Early Middle English. A study of the language and literature of the earlier medieval period.

3001. Satire. A study of satire from classical times, examining major forms of satiric expression such as the monologue, the parody and the long narrative.

3021. English Drama to 1580. A study of the development of English drama from the Middle Ages to 1580. The course may also consider the popular arts, such as folk plays and mumming.

3022. Drama 1580-1642. A study of the development of English drama (excluding Shakespeare) from 1580 to 1642.

NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of English 3022 and 4317.

3100. Practical Criticism. A study of poetry through close reading and analysis to reveal meaning, methods, tone and technique.

3110. Greek Literature in Translation. (Same as Classics 3110). Representative readings in English of the principal literary forms of Classical Greece. The literary achievement of the Greeks and their contribution to Western letters and culture.

3111. Latin Literature in Translation. (Same as Classics 3111). Representative readings in English of the principal literary forms of Republican and Imperial Rome. The literary achievement of the Romans and their contribution to Western letters and culture.

3120. Tragedy. The course explores the idea of tragedy through a number of works from Classical to recent times.

3121. Comedy. The course explores the idea of comedy through a number of representative works.

NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed English 3000.

3152. Canadian Literature to 1918. A study of the development of Canadian literature from its beginnings to the end of World War I.

NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed English 3145, 3147, or 3150.

3153. Canadian Literature, 1918-1945. A study of the development of modern Canadian literature, covering the period from the end of World War I to 1945.

NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed English 3145, 3147, or 3150.

3155. Newfoundland Literature. A study of Newfoundland literature with emphasis on representative writers since 1900.

NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of English 2155 and 3155.

3156. Modern Canadian Drama. A study of a number of representative plays which illustrate the development of modern drama and theatre in Canada.

NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of English 3156 and 4307.

3157. Canadian Literature 1945-1970. A study of the development of Canadian literature from 1945 to 1970.

NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed English 3146, 3148, 3151, or 3154.

3158. Canadian Literature 1970 to the Present. A study of recent developments in Canadian literature.

NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed English 3146, 3148, 3151, or 3154.

3160. Post-Colonial Literature I. A study of selected authors of Australia and New Zealand.

3161. Post-Colonial Literature II. A study of selected authors of the West Indies, Africa and the Indian subcontinent.

3171. Anglo-Irish Drama. A study of representative Anglo-Irish drama by such authors as Wilde, Shaw, Yeats, Synge, Lady Gregory, O'Casey, Behan, Friel and Molloy.

NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed English 3170 or 3180.

3172. Anglo-Irish Poetry. A study of representative Anglo-Irish poetry by such authors as Ferguson, Allingham, Joyce, Yeats, Stephens, Clarke, Kavanagh, Kinsella, Montague and Heaney.

NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed English 3170 or 4185.

3173. Anglo-Irish Prose. A study of representative Anglo-Irish prose by such authors as Swift, Edgeworth, Stephens, Yeats, O'Casey, Joyce, Behan, Lavin, O'Connor, O'Flaherty and Moore.

NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed English 3170 or 4190.

3181. Drama of the Restoration and Eighteenth Century. A study of major dramatic texts from 1660 to the end of the eighteenth century.

3190. Scottish Literature. A study of representative Scottish poetry and prose from the mid-eighteenth to the twentieth century including selected works by such writers as Boswell, Burns, Hogg, Scott, Galt, Stevenson, Conan Doyle, Buchan, MacDiarmid, Garioch and Muriel Spark.

3200. Shakespeare. A study of six tragedies and romances such as Romeo and Juliet, Julius Caesar, Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, Antony and Cleopatra, Macbeth, The Winter's Tale, The Tempest.

3201. Shakespeare. A study of six comedies and histories such as Love's Labour's Lost, The Taming of the Shrew, A Midsummer Night's Dream, The Merchant of Venice, Much Ado About Nothing, As You Like It, Twelfth Night, Measure for Measure, 1 Henry IV, 2 Henry IV, Henry V.

3260. American Drama. A study of works by dramatists such as O'Neill, Rice, Maxwell Anderson, Sherwood, Williams, Hellman, Odets, Saroyan, Inge, Miller, Albee, Wilder and Kopit.

NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of English 3260 and 4308.

3302. Nineteenth-Century Drama. A study of both literary and theatrical dimensions of nineteenth-century drama, such as melodrama, comedy, farce, pantomime, burlesque, extravaganza, spectacular entertainment, naturalism and the well-made play.

3350. Theatre. An introduction to principles of directing and acting, through lectures, discussion and stage production.

Three hours of lectures.

Three hours of workshops.

3351. The Physical Stage. An introduction to the fundamentals and vocabulary of design, lighting and stagecraft, including sound, properties, etc. The history and development of staging techniques from the Greek Theatre to the present day will be studied.

Three hours of lectures.

Three hours of workshops.

3600. Chaucer. A study of representative poems.

3650. Structure of Modern English: Phonology and Morphology. A study of standard English pronunciation and regional variations; stress intonation, terminal junctures; inflectional and derivational morphology. Informal speech and written English are compared.

3651. Structure of Modern English: Syntax. A study of the syntax of modern English, including classes of words, the structure of phrases, clauses and sentences, variation in clauses and sentences and the principles of discourse analysis.

Prerequisite: English 2390 or Linguistics 2103.

3700. Introduction to Old Norse. An introduction to Old Icelandic language, with translation from selected literary texts; and a survey of Old Icelandic literature.

NOTE: Except in special circumstances, it is recommended that students taking this course should have completed English 250A and 250B.

3811-3820 (excluding 3813 and 3817). Special Topics.

3813. Film Studies. An introduction to the study of narrative feature film with an emphasis on the history of the industry, the evolution of different genres, the influence of national cinemas and the role of major directors in the development of the medium.

3817. Writing and Gender. Differences related to gender are explored in a wide variety of writing, not only in texts, but also in their production, reception and functions. All students are required to keep a journal, to share some of their writing with the class, and to participate in class discussions.

3830. Women Writers. A course setting women writers in the context of literary history.

NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of English 2805, 3810, and 3830.

3900. Introduction to Creative Writing: Fiction. The course is conducted as a seminar using models of contemporary writing and the students' own work. Each student will be required to submit work regularly.

NOTES: 1) Students can receive credit for only two of English 3900, 3901, and 3905.

2) Normally, admission to this course will be based on the instructor's evaluation of the student's writing. Class size will be limited.

3901. Introduction to Creative Writing: Poetry. The course is conducted as a seminar using models of contemporary writing and the students' own work. Each student will be required to submit work regularly.

NOTES: 1) Students can receive credit for only two of English 3900, 3901, and 3905.

2) Normally, admission to this course will be based on the instructor's evaluation of the student's writing. Class size will be limited.

4000. English Literature and History of Ideas I. A study of European thought and culture as they affect the history and development of English literature from the Middle Ages to the eighteenth century.

NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed English 400A and B.

4001. English Literature and the History of Ideas II. A study of European thought and culture as they affect the history and development of English literature from the eighteenth century to the present.

NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed English 400A and B.

4010. Literature, 1485-1600: Prose and Poetry. A study of the literature of the English Renaissance, including Tudor humanism, Elizabethan prose fiction, and such writers as Wyatt, Surrey, Sidney and Spenser.

4030. British Literature, 1600-1660. A study of selected works by such authors as Bacon, Donne, Jonson, Overbury, Browne, Herbert, Burton, Walton, Vaughan and the Cavalier poets.

4031. British Literature 1660-1700. A study of selected works by such authors as Milton, Marvell, Clarendon, Bunyan, Evelyn, Pepys, Behn and Dryden.

4040. British Literature, 1700-1750. A study of selected works by such representative authors as Addison, Steele, Defoe, Swift, Shaftesbury, Pope, Thomson and Young.

4041. British Literature, 1750-1790. A study of selected works by such representative authors as Burke, Johnson, Boswell, Walpole, Gray, Collins, Cowper, Smart, Chatterton, Goldsmith and Sheridan.

NOTE: Neither English 4040 nor 4041 may be taken for credit by students who completed English 404A and B.

4050. British Literature, 1790-1830. A study of selected works of Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge and Hazlitt.

4051. British Literature, 1790-1830. A study of selected works of Byron, Shelley, Keats, Lamb and De Quincey.

NOTE: Neither English 4050 nor 4051 may be taken for credit by students who completed English 405A and B.

4060. Victorian Literature I. A study of selected works by such writers as Carlyle, Tennyson, the Brownings, the Brontés, Arnold, and Morris.

4061. Victorian Literature II. A study of selected works by such writers as Dickens, Thackeray, Gaskell, George Eliot, Meredith, Trollope, and the Rossettis.

4070. British Literature, 1890-1920. A study of representative writers such as Hardy, Wilde, Conrad, Housman, Forster, Edward Thomas, Owen, D. H. Lawrence, Mansfield, Virginia Woolf.

4071. British Literature, 1920-1945. A study of representative writers such as Virginia Woolf, Eliot, Bowen, Orwell, Graham Greene, Auden, Empson, Waugh and Dylan Thomas.

4080. British Literature since 1945. A study of representative writers of the period, such as Larkin, Murdoch, Hughes, Jennings, Geoffrey Hill, Powell, Pinter, Kingsley Amis and Ishiguro.

4100. Critical Theory I. A survey of critical approaches to literature, from Plato to the end of the nineteenth century.

NOTE: Students are advised to take this course towards the end of their programme.

4101. Critical Theory II. A survey of critical approaches to literature in the twentieth century.

NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of English 4101 and 4105. Students are advised to take this course towards the end of their programme.

4210. Shakespeare's English History Plays. A course for students who have completed English 3200 and 3201. Plays studied: King John, Richard II, Henry IV, Henry V, Henry VI, Richard III, Henry VIII.

Prerequisite: English 3200 or 3201.

NOTE: Students can receive credit for only two of English 4210, 4211, and 4316.

4211. Shakespeare's Roman and Greek Plays. A course for students who have completed English 3200 and 3201. Plays studied: Titus Andronicus, Julius Caesar, Antony and Cleopatra, Troilus and Cressida, Coriolanus, Timon of Athens, Pericles, Cymbeline.

Prerequisite: English 3200 or 3201.

NOTE: Students can receive credit for only two of English 4210, 4211, and 4316.

4251. American Literature to 1880. Representative fiction, prose and poetry, including works by such authors as Edwards, Cooper, Hawthorne, Melville, Thoreau, Emerson, Poe, Whitman and Dickinson.

4260. American Literature from 1880 to 1928. The course traces the development of American literature from the closing of the frontier to the beginning of the Depression through the study of such writers as Adams, James, Crane, Dreiser, Cather, Robinson and Frost.

NOTE: Students can receive credit for only three of English 3215, 4260, 4261, and 4270.

4261. American Literature from 1928 to 1945. The course concentrates on the study of American fiction, drama and poetry in the period between the two World Wars. The course includes such writers as Hemingway, Faulkner, Fitzgerald, O'Neill, Stevens, Cummings and Hart Crane.

NOTE: Students can receive credit for only three of English 3215, 4260, 4261, and 4270.

4270. American Literature Since 1945. A study of representative writers of the period, such as Stevens, Lowell, Wilbur, Plath, McCullers, Bellow, Malamud.

NOTE: Students can receive credit for only three of English 3215, 4260, 4261, and 4270.

4300. Modern Drama I. Drama from Ibsen to the present day, principally of the realistic tradition, studied through representative plays.

Prerequisite: English 2002 or permission of the Head of Department.

NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of English 3275 and 4300.

4301. Modern Drama II. Twentieth-century developments: expressionism, surrealism, theatre of the absurd, studied through representative plays.

Prerequisite: English 2002 or 4300 or permission of the Head of Department.

NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of English 4301 and 4305.

4302. Contemporary British Drama. A study of representative dramatic works of contemporary British drama.

4400. Directing the Play. Analysis and production plans for selected plays, and the problems of genre and style.

Prerequisites: English 3350 and 3351 or permission of the instructor, in consultation with the Head of the Department.

4401. Producing the Play. A full semester working with a selected play, to culminate in public performance. Students will be required to participate fully in all aspects of the production, except direction, which will be the responsibility of the instructor.

Prerequisites: English 3350 and 3351 or permission of the instructor, in consultation with the Head of the Department.

4403. Etymology: History of English Words. (Same as Linguistics 4403). Word formation, meaning and changes of meaning, etymology. The original Germanic and Indo-European sources of English vocabulary. The influence of the Roman Empire, of Christianity, of the Danish invasions, of the Norman invasion, of the Renaissance and of British overseas trade and colonization, with an examination of loan words from these various sources. The sources of present day neologisms and slang. (Usually offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisite: English/Linguistics 2400 or Linguistics 3500.

4420. English Dialectology I. (Same as Linguistics 4420.) Scope and applications of dialect study; history of English dialects; standard versus non-standard varieties; development of dialect study, especially linguistic geography; non-standard dialect and literature.

4421. English Dialectology II. (Same as Linguistics 4421.) Fieldwork and transcription; modern linguistic geography; structuralist dialectology; occupational dialects; other recent approaches.

Prerequisite: English 4420.

4450. Folklore and Literature. (Same as Folklore 4450.) Consideration of such forms as the Aesopic fable, exemplum, novella, fabliau, Norse saga and the jest-book tradition, with their growth from the great narrative traditions of India and the Near-East, e.g., The Ocean of Story and the Arabian Nights; folklore and literature: theoretical considerations; the use of folklore in selected literary texts. Extensive reading, oral and written reports.

4500. Old English Language and Literature I. A study of representative Old English prose in its cultural and linguistic contexts.

NOTE: Students are advised to take English 250A and B before taking this course.

4501. Old English Language and Literature II. A study of representative Old English poetry in its cultural and linguistic contexts.

NOTE: Students are advised to take English 250A and B before taking this course.

4600. Middle English Language and Literature I. A study of such representative writers as Chaucer, Gower, Langland and the Gawain/Pearl poet.

4601. Middle English Language and Literature II. A study of representative genres of the period 1150-1450, such as romance, lyric, and devotional writing.

4800. Spenser and Milton. A study of the major works of Spenser and Milton.

4805. Blake. A study of a selection of Blake's major writings.

4810-4819. Special Topics.

4821. Canadian Literature in Context I. A study of some of the main concepts in Canadian culture up to World War II as they affect the history and development of Canadian literature.

Prerequisite: Completion of three credit hours chosen from courses at the 2000 or 3000 level in Canadian literature, or permission of the instructor.

NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed English 4820.

4822. Canadian Literature in Context II. A study of some of the main concepts in Canadian culture since World War II as they affect the history and development of Canadian literature.

Prerequisite: Completion of three credit hours chosen from courses at the 2000 or 3000 level in Canadian literature, or permission of the instructor.

NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed English 4820.

4900. Bibliography I. An introduction to methods needed for advanced study of English: aspects of literary detection; studies in the material form of the book, from sheep or tree to finished product; a guide to the editing of books.

4901. Bibliography II. Further study in aspects of literary detection and the material form of the book. The course is organized around a major research essay based on archival or other documentary sources.

NOTE: English 4900 is a prerequisite for this course.

4990. Comprehensive Examination for Honours Candidates.

NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of English 4950 and 4990.

4999. Essay for Honours Candidates.

FOLKLORE

GENERAL DEGREE

The study of Folklore deals with oral literature and traditional culture. Students study both the form and function of various kinds of Folklore. They also examine the influence of oral tradition upon written literatures.

A student benefits by coming to the study of Folklore with a strong concentration in one of the affiliated fields, such as English or other modern literature, Classics, Linguistics, Sociology and Anthropology, Geography, History, Psychology, or Religious Studies. (Certain specialized areas of Folklore call for training in Biology.)

A student interested in Folklore is advised to take several courses in Anthropology and at least an introductory course in language and dialect. Other courses should be complementary to the area of special interest. A student whose major interest is Newfoundland Folklore should have, for example, courses in Newfoundland Geography and Newfoundland History; and courses in the History and Geography of Ireland and England would be desirable. One interested primarily in Canadian Folklore would do well also to study the Geography, History and Literature of Canada. Such combinations of reinforcing courses in History, Geography, Literature, etc., can be varied according to the student's needs and goals.

Folklore 1000 (or 2000) is the prerequisite for all other courses in Folklore, except 1050, 1060 and those courses cross-listed with other Departments.

MAJOR IN FOLKLORE

A student registered to major in Folklore must take a minimum of 36 credit hours in courses as follows:

a) Fifteen required credit hours: 1000 (or 2000), 2100, 2300, 2401, 2500;
b) Six credit hours from Group A - Folk Literature Genres: 3100, 3130, 3200, 3250, 3300, 3450;
c) Six credit hours from Group B - Folklife Genres: 3820, 3830, 3850, 3860, 4460;
d) Six credit hours from Group C - Topics: not more than three of which can be taken from courses at the 1000 level: 1050, 1060, 3910, 3920, 3930, 3940, 4440, 4450, 4480;
e) Three credit hours from Group D - Regions: 2230, 4300, 4310, 4320, 4350, 4360, 4370, 4400, 4410, 4420.

Students who declare a major in Folklore should have completed Folklore 1000 (or 2000); it is recommended that students intending to major in Folklore take Folklore 2100 as early in their programmes as possible.

All students who major in Folklore will be assisted by a faculty advisor who will help them in planning their academic programme. Consequently, it is essential that students consult with the Department at an early stage in their studies.

MINOR IN FOLKLORE

A student declaring a minor in Folklore must take a minimum of 24 credit hours including:

a) Fifteen required credit hours: 1000 (or 2000), 2100, 2300, 2401, 2500;
b) Nine additional credit hours in Folklore - not more than three of which can be taken from courses at the 1000 level.

Students who declare a minor in Folklore should have completed Folklore 1000 (or 2000); it is recommended that students intending to minor in Folklore take Folklore 2100 as early in their programmes as possible.

HONOURS DEGREE IN FOLKLORE

See General Regulations for Honours Degree. An Honours candidate in Folklore must complete a minimum of 60 credit hours, including the 36 as prescribed for the Major in Folklore. The remaining courses will normally include ONE of the following options:

a) Folklore 400X
b) Folklore 4998
c) Folklore 4999

JOINT HONOURS DEGREE IN FOLKLORE AND ANOTHER MAJOR DISCIPLINE

See General Regulations for Honours Degrees. A minimum of 84 credit hours in the two subjects selected, with the approval of the Heads of both Departments, is required.

Of the credit hours required in the two subjects selected, not fewer than 42, and not more than 51, must come from each discipline. The candidate may choose the discipline in which to complete the Honours Essay or the Comprehensive Examination. If the student chooses the 400X option, the Folklore component will consist of the major in Folklore plus 400X, for a maximum of 51 credit hours in Folklore. Students are advised to choose an option as soon as possible after declaring the second subject of the Joint Honours degree.

COURSE LIST

1000. Introduction to Folklore. The role that tradition plays in communication, art and society will be discussed through an examination of folklore materials from Newfoundland and the English-speaking world. Readings and "listenings" will emphasize the use of folklore in context, e.g., the proverb in speech and the folksong in childrearing. Students will be urged to analyze the traditions in their own lives through special assignments. A student may not receive credit for both Folklore 1000 and 2000.

1050. Folklore Studies. An examination of specific folklore studies illustrating important themes and approaches in folkloristics. These will include antiquarian, nationalistic, diffusionist, historic-contextual, functional, structural, and performance analyses as typified in selected readings from the works of leading folklorists.

NOTE: There is no prerequisite for this course. However, students should note that they will need to take Folklore 1000 (or 2000) before they can advance to other courses.

1060. Folklore and Culture. An introduction to traditional expressive behaviour as cultural experience. Readings and lectures will explore the various meanings of "culture" from interdisciplinary perspectives and link the development of theoretical approaches to culture (evolutionary, materialist, particularist, psychological, semiotic, dramaturgic) to specific folkloric phenomena. Illustrations will derive primarily from children's folklore, material culture, and occupational folklife.

NOTE: There is no prerequisite for this course. However, students should note that they will need to take Folklore 1000 (or 2000) before they can advance to other courses.

2000. Introduction to Folklore. Definitions of folklore; the concept of genre; introduction to the history of the discipline; approaches to fieldwork, methodology, classification, analysis, theory and utilization. Some collecting will be encouraged.

NOTE: A student receiving credit for Folklore 2000 may not receive credit for Folklore 1000.

2100. Folklore Research Methods - An Introduction. This course is designed to provide the basic introduction to the research resources, tools and methods regularly employed in the area of Folklore. On the one hand, the course will examine what types of Library and Archive resources can be useful to the folklorist and, on the other hand, it will explore how folklorists in fieldwork situations should handle people, and how they can capture for posterity a record of the interviews that they have conducted and the events that they have observed.

NOTE: It is strongly recommended that majors and minors take this course before taking 3000 and 4000 level courses.

2230. Newfoundland Society and Culture. (Same as Sociology/Anthropology 2230.)

The Sociology and Anthropology of the Island of Newfoundland. The focus is on social and cultural aspects of contemporary island Newfoundland.

2300. Newfoundland Folklore. (Same as Anthropology 2300.) A survey of the various types of Folklore: tale, song, rhyme, riddle, proverb, belief, custom, childlore and others, with stress on their function in the Newfoundland community culture. Individual collection and analysis of materials from the students' home communities, supplemented by data from the M.U.N. Folklore and Language Archive.

Prerequisite: Folklore 1000 or 2000, or Anthropology 1031.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 2300 and the former Folklore 3420.

2401. Folklife Studies. An examination of the traditional cultures of Europe and North America with special reference to Newfoundland. A selection of the following areas will be covered: settlement patterns, architecture, work and leisure patterns in the folk community, calendar customs, rites of passage, folk religion, folk medicine, language and folk culture, folk costume, foodways and folk art.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 2401 and the former Folklore 3500.

2500. Folk Literature. (Same as Anthropology 2500.) An examination of the major genres of folk literature: folk narrative, folk poetry and song, folk drama, and the traditional generic forms within folk speech. An introduction to the textual, comparative and contextual methods of analysis. The literature discussed will be international in scope.

Prerequisite: Folklore 1000 or 2000, or Anthropology 1031.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 2500 and any of the former Folklore 3400, English 3400, Sociology/Anthropology 3400.

3100. Folktale. A study of oral fictional folk narrative, including animal tale, Märchen, jest, formula tale and related forms. Special attention to European and American texts and scholarship. Extensive reading, oral and written reports. Collecting of Newfoundland texts will be encouraged.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 3100 and the former Folklore 4200.

3130. Greek and Roman Mythology. (Same as Classics 3130.) A study of the major legends of Greece and Rome as embodied in the literary and artistic remains of the ancient world, and of the influence of these legends on later art and literature.

3200. Folksong. An introduction to the full range of traditional verse, song and music. Stress primarily on the songs of Canada, the United States and the British Isles, with attention to Newfoundland parallels. Examination of traditional vocal and instrumental styles as well as verse forms. Some reference to non-Western musical traditions. A knowledge of music is not a prerequisite.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 3200 and the former Folklore 2430.

3250. The Ballad. An examination of one of the major genres of international folk literature. Concerns include a taxonomic exploration of the subgenres (tragic, comic, romantic, belief, historical, religious, riddling, and medieval minstrelsy ballads), and such topics as transmission, function, context, and aesthetics. Similarities and dissimilarities in the methodologies for dealing with written literature and the literature of tradition will also be considered.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 3250 and the former Folklore 4445.

3300. Folk Drama. A survey of the main forms of traditional drama found in Great Britain and North America with reference to related European and non-western traditions. The origins, history and regional variations of these forms will be considered together with questions of social function, performance and aesthetics. The history of research in the area of folk drama will be examined along with related methodological and theoretical issues.

3450. Language and Play. Examination of such forms as the rhyme, riddle, proverb and proverbial saying, game, etc. Emphasis on problems of function and classification. Material will be chiefly from the British and North American traditions. Collecting will be encouraged.

3601-3620. Special Topic in Folklore.

3820. Folk Custom. This course provides an introduction to the study of the forms of British, European, and North American folk custom. Issues for discussion will include the diffusion, functions, maintenance and invention of calendar, seasonal, occupational, and life-cycle customs. As such, we will review much of the new scholarship which has shifted folkloristic attention from origins of customs to the analysis of custom as symbolic behaviour. Current work on the study of custom has examined, for example, the legitimation of class interests via traditional customs, the play of metaphor in festivals, and the symbolic statement of social obligations through life-cycle ritual.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 3820 and the former Folklore 3600.

3830. Foodways. The term foodways embraces a variety of traditions which focus on dietary practices as well as the preparation and allocation of food. As an introduction to foodways, the course will begin by looking at a variety of regional foods. In addition, both historical and contemporary approaches to the supply, storage, preparation and serving of food will be considered. In fact, we will be looking, from both practical and theoretical perspectives, at the whole range of cookery and food habits - from the acquisition of raw materials to the allocation of portions.

3850. Material Culture. (Same as Anthropology 3850.) An examination of various interpretive theories of objects as cultural products. Problems of defining the artifact will be discussed, as well as the strengths and limitations of using objects in historical and ethnographic research. Questions discussed include form, design, decoration, diffusion, and the role of the creator of the object. Besides folkloristic work on material culture, a variety of interdisciplinary approaches will be considered. Emphasis will be on the material folk culture of Newfoundland and its European antecedents.

3860. Vernacular Architecture. (Same as Anthropology 3860 and History 3860.) A historical survey of vernacular architectural forms in various regions of North America, with attention to Newfoundland materials. Issues discussed include the relationship of house form and culture, the concepts of antecedents, diffusion, innovation and evolution of building forms and technologies, and the siting of buildings in the landscape. Dwelling houses, outbuildings, churches and industrial vernacular architecture will be included.

3910. Occupational Folklife. Readings, lectures, and directed fieldwork aimed at identifying, documenting, and analyzing the role of tradition in contemporary occupational groups and work settings. Interdisciplinary theoretical perspectives on the nature of work and the characteristics of traditional, industrial and service occupations will be examined. Major topics of study will include work techniques, the uses of verbal and non-verbal codes, alienation, defensive behaviour, and labourlore.

3920. Folklore and Education. The course is intended to familiarize students with the function of Folklore in the educational process. Emphasis will be on cultural transmission, cultural learning and child training practices (including mechanisms of social control.) The relationship of formal to informal education will be examined with particular reference to Newfoundland.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Folklore 3920 and either the former Folklore 3030 or Folklore 4475.

3930. Folklore and Popular Culture. An examination of the transitional processes involved in the development of folk societies to mass cultures with regard to folklore and the products of popular culture. In addition, sensory and technological media theories will be scrutinized and evaluated in conjunction with cultural comparisons of the qualities and functions of: folksong, disc recordings and the radio; folktales, television melodrama and popular film; folk art and popular "techno-art" forms.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 3930 and the former Folklore 2400.

3940. Folklore in Medieval Society. (Same as Medieval Studies 3002). An examination of selected aspects of medieval society which both develop earlier features of western culture and evolve into recognisable modern forms. These aspects may include such topics as legend and folktale, folksong and ballad, custom, belief, folk speech, drama, games and recreations, material culture and vernacular architecture.

4300. Folklore of Canada. An examination of a variety of Canadian folklore from historical, geographical and cultural perspectives. Emphasis will be placed upon the application of theories of Canadian culture to folklore studies. Questions of the role of folklore and folklife with respect to identity, ethnicity, multiculturalism, national literature, regionalism and similar issues will be considered.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 4300 and the former Folklore 1020.

4310. Studies in Newfoundland Folklore. Studies of rural and urban Newfoundland with specific reference to a culture in transition. Folklore is examined as one of the channels through which a people maintain, change and adapt various cultural patterns. The course will include field trips when feasible.

Prerequisite: Folklore 2300.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 4310 and the former Folklore 3421.

4320. Folklore of the United States. An investigation of the Folklore of some of the major regions and subcultures of the United States, e.g., Southern mountaineers, Louisiana Cajuns, cowboys and the West, African-American traditions. Stress on the changing historical context of American lore from the frontier to suburbia. Outside reading and individual reports.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 4320 and the former 3320.

4350. Folklore of the British Isles. An examination of the categories of Folklore found in Britain in relation to their regional backgrounds. The English language traditions of England, Wales, and Northern Ireland will be covered, with some attention given to the Celtic traditions (in translation) of Wales, and the Isle of Man.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 4350 and the former Folklore 3350.

4360. Traditional Culture of Scotland. An investigation of the various genres of Scottish tradition from both historical and contemporary perspectives. Historical, geographical and other factors shaping the culture will be considered and certain regional and occupational groups examined. Scots and English language traditions will receive the main emphasis but some attention will be paid to Scottish Gaelic material in translation.

4370. Culture and Traditions of Ireland. (Same as Anthropology 4370). An examination of the culture and traditions of Ireland through an interdisciplinary approach; historical, geographical, cultural and literary factors will be considered. Emphasis will be on the contemporary scene.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 4370 and the former Folklore 4351.

4400. Traditional Culture of French-Newfoundlanders. (Same as French 4400.) A study of the traditional French heritage in Newfoundland.

NOTE: It is recommended, but not obligatory, that students should have successfully completed Folklore 1000 or 2000, and also Folklore 2300.

4410. Folklore of France. (Same as French 4410.) A survey of French folklore, including a discussion of the work of major French folklorists primarily of the 19th and 20th centuries, the contribution of regional folklore societies, and an assessment of the contribution of French folklorists to international folklore scholarship.

NOTE: It is recommended, but not obligatory, that students should have successfully completed Folklore 1000 or 2000.

4420. French Folklore in the New World. (Same as French 4420.) An examination of the directions taken in the collection and study of the folklore of the French in the New World. The French presence will be placed in a historic-geographic context, in order to trace, through the individuals and institutions associated with French folklore, the kinds of folklore studied and the differing theoretical and methodological stances adopted.

NOTE: It is recommended, but not obligatory, that students should have successfully completed Folklore 1000 or 2000.

4440. Music and Culture. (Same as Anthropology 4440 and Music 4440.) Traditional music as an aspect of human behaviour in Western and non-European cultures. Examination of the functions and uses of music; folk-popular-art music distinctions; and the relation of style to content. Outside reading, class exercises and individual reports will be required.

4450. Folklore and Literature. (Same as English 4450.) Consideration of such forms as the Aesopic fable, exemplum, novella, fabliau, Norse saga and the jest-book tradition, with their growth from the great narrative traditions of India and the Near-East, e.g., The Ocean of Story and the Arabian Nights; folklore and literature: theoretical considerations; the use of folklore in selected literary texts. Extensive reading, oral and written reports.

4460. Folk Religion. (Same as Religious Studies 4460.) An examination of folk responses to organized religion, surveying the religious forms and interpretations not specifically delineated by Theology. Areas of focus include: folk religious concepts of space and time; religion and healing; witchcraft and the devil; religious folk art and music; religious verbal art; the role and power of the holy person; the saint system; and community social activities sponsored by the church. A discussion of some current popular religious movements will also be included. Attention will be given to material in the MUN Folklore and Language Archive, and research based on field data will be encouraged.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 4460 and the former Folklore 4240.

4480. Folklore and Oral History. (Same as History 4480.) This seminar deals with the uses of oral sources, particularly those which have a traditional dimension, for the study of history. It will discuss the methods developed by Vansina, Dorson and others for evaluating the historical meaning of oral traditions in literate and non-literate cultures. The uses of oral testimony in the study of traditional modes of life and work such as fishing and farming will be considered. The use of oral traditions in the study of social and political history will also be discussed.

4500-4520. Special Topic in Folklore.

4600-4615. Special Research in Folklore.

4700-4715. Directed Reading Course.

400X. Folklore in the Community Context. A fifteen credit hour programme of work open only to Honours students in Folklore.

Students will collect traditional material and analyze folkloric behaviour in a community setting. Each student will live and conduct field research in a small community in Newfoundland (or in one of the other Atlantic Provinces) for a minimum period of ten weeks. Before leaving for the community, the choice of which must be approved by the Department, the student will be assigned a supervisor by the Department, and in consultation with the supervisor will develop a proposed fieldwork project. The student will present reports to the supervisor during and upon the completion of the period of fieldwork. All original field data will be deposited in the MUN Folklore and Language Archive.

Included in the 400X programme is the Honours dissertation for which three of the fifteen credit hours is awarded and which must be completed before the course is concluded. The dissertation must be a well-organized presentation and analysis of field data, including collectanea, descriptions of folkloric behaviour, and the biographies of major informants secured by interviews.

4998. Honours Comprehensive Examination. This may be written or oral, or a combination of both (3 credit hours).

4999. Honours Essay. (3 credit hours).

FRENCH AND SPANISH

FRENCH

FRENCH MAJOR PROGRAMME

Students who choose French as their Major must complete at least 45 credit hours in French as follows:

a) Language: 1050, 1051, 2100, 2101, 3700, 3701, 4700 and 4701; or 2159, 2160, 3700, 3701, 4700 and 4701 (but see Note 2 below).
b) Literature: 2550, 2551; two of 3500, 3501, 3502
c) 2300, 3302
d) at least three credit hours in other 3000- or 4000-level courses in French.

NOTES: 1) No more than six credit hours in courses at the 1000 level may be used to satisfy the minimum requirement of the Major in French.

2) Students who are permitted, by reason of an extensive background in French, to begin their language study at a level higher than 1050, may replace those language courses from which they have been excused with other courses chosen from among those offered by the department, but must still complete at least 45 credit hours in French.

3) All students majoring in French are required to complete Classics 120A and 120B, or an equivalent acceptable to the department. Students are strongly advised to complete this requirement as early as possible in their programme.

4) All students majoring in French must spend at least four weeks in an approved francophone institution in a French- speaking area.

5) No more than 15 transfer credit hours may be used to fulfil the minimum requirements of the Major in French.

In addition to the courses required for the Major, the department wishes particularly to draw students' attention to courses in such cognate areas as French linguistics, French cinema, and the civilization of France, Quebec and Acadia. Students should consult their departmental advisor or the Head concerning these courses.

FRENCH MINOR PROGRAMME

A Minor consists of at least 24 credit hours in French and must include French 3700.

NOTES: 1) No more than six credit hours in courses at the 1000 level may be used to satisfy the minimum requirement of the Minor.

2) No more than nine transfer credit hours may be used to satisfy the minimum requirement of the Minor.

HONOURS DEGREE IN FRENCH

See General Regulations for Honours Degrees. An Honours degree in French shall consist of at least 66 credit hours in French as follows:

a) Language: as for the Major in French with the addition of 4750
b) Literature: as for the Major in French but to include all of 3500, 3501 and 3502
c) 2300, 3302
d) At least 18 credit hours in literature courses at the 4000-level
e) 4999
f) Other courses in French to be chosen in consultation with the Head of the Department.

NOTES: 1) No more than six credit hours in courses at the 1000-level may be used to satisfy the minimum requirement of the Honours programme in French.

2) Students who are permitted, by reason of an extensive background in French, to begin their language study at a level higher than 1050, may replace those language courses from which they have been excused with other courses chosen from among those offered by the department, but must still complete at least 66 credit hours in French.

3) All students completing the Honours programme in French are required to complete Classics 120A and 120B, or an equivalent acceptable to the department. Students are strongly advised to complete this requirement as early as possible in their programme.

4) All students completing the Honours programme in French must spend at least two semesters at an approved Francophone institution in a French-speaking area.

5) No more than 30 transfer credit hours may be used to fulfil the minimum requirements of the Honours programme in French.

6) French 3650, 3651, 3652 may be taken by Honours students but will not be included in the minimum of 66 credit hours required for the programme.

JOINT HONOURS

French may be combined with any other subject approved in the General Regulations to form a Joint Honours programme. Candidates will establish their programme in consultation with the Heads of the Departments of their chosen Honours subjects.

The Joint Honours programme in French shall include at least 51 credit hours in French as follows:

a) Language: as for the Major in French
b) Literature: as for the Major in French, but to include all of 3500, 3501 and 3502
c) 3302
d) At least nine credit hours in literature courses at the 4000-level.

NOTES: 1) No more than six credit hours in courses at the 1000-level may be used to satisfy the minimum requirement of the Joint Honours programme in French.

2) Students who are permitted, by reason of an extensive background in French, to begin their language study at a level higher than 1050, may replace those language courses from which they have been excused with other courses chosen from among those offered by the department, but must still complete at least 51 credit hours in French.

3) All students completing the Joint Honours programme in French are required to complete Classics 120A and 120B, or an equivalent acceptable to the department. Students are strongly advised to complete this requirement as early as possible in their programme.

4) All students completing the Joint Honours programme in French must spend at least two semesters at an approved Francophone institution in a French-speaking area.

5) No more than 24 transfer credit hours may be used to fulfil the minimum requirements of the Joint Honours programme in French.

INSTITUT FRECKER

A one-semester immersion programme is offered in St-Pierre at Memorial University's Institut Frecker. Students who successfully complete this programme will be granted 15 credit hours in French as specified in Note 3 below. All students will board with French families and will participate in extra-curricular activities designed to take full advantage of the French milieu.

NOTES: 1) The minimum prerequisites for admission to this programme are successful completion of French 1051 and permission of the Head of the Department following written application. Admission to the programme will be on a competitive basis and will depend on marks obtained in French courses at MUN and on instructors' recommendations.

2) Students who are admitted to this programme and who are residents of Newfoundland and Labrador will be eligible to receive a bursary to assist them with the expenses associated with the programme. In addition, a limited number of non-bursary students may be admitted to the programme.

3) Students who are admitted to this programme will register for 2100, 2101, 2300, 2500, and 2550 or 2551.

Transfer Credit for Language Courses

Students who successfully complete French language immersion programmes offered by recognized universities and colleges in Canada and elsewhere may apply to have their courses evaluated for equivalent Memorial University credit. To do so, they must follow such procedures as may be specified by the Office of the Registrar and may be required to sit a placement test administered by the Department of French and Spanish. The result achieved on this placement test will influence any determination of the number and level of transfer credits to be awarded, and any credits thus awarded will normally be given for specific courses in the following series: French 1001, 1050, 1051, 2100, 2101, 3700, 3701, 4700, 4701, 4750.

Students intending to participate in the Summer Language Bursary Programme or the Student Fellowship Programme are particularly advised to consult the Head of the Department of French and Spanish before leaving Memorial. All students intending to request transfer of credit are strongly advised to obtain a Letter of Permission from the Office of the Registrar before registering for any course of study offered by another institution.

NOTES: 1) In any event, no more than nine credit hours in French at the first-year level, and 18 at the second-year level, may be granted to any student.

2) Restrictions on the number of transfer credit hours applicable to the minimum requirements of departmental programmes shall be as follows: for the Minor, nine; for the Major, 15; for the Joint Honours, 24; for the Honours, 30 (see specific programme regulations).

Special Examinations in French Language

The Department of French and Spanish offers to students the opportunity to sit a Special Examination of Linguistic Competence in French and a Special Examination of Linguistic Excellence in French. These written and oral examinations, held each year during the Winter Semester, are intended to permit public recognition of superior proficiency in the French language by means of an entry on students' academic records. Any student registered in a Memorial University degree programme may sit the annual examination, but successful results will become final only on graduation from a degree programme.

The standard of attainment required to pass the Special Examination of Linguistic Competence in French will be approximately equivalent to that of a high 'B' in French 4701; that for the Special Examination of Linguistic Excellence in French, approximately equivalent to a high 'B' in French 4751.

COURSE LIST

NOTES: 1) French 100F is a non-credit course for true beginners in French.

2) French 1001 is a review course for students whose background is insufficient to permit direct entry into French 1050.

3) French 1050 and 1051 are intended for students who have completed four (4) or more French credits in the high school programme and whose level of attainment is acceptable to the department.

4) French 2159 and 2160 are courses designed for former French immersion students as well as others with exceptional backgrounds in French, and are intended as a replacement for the 1050, 1051, 2100, 2101 sequence.

5) Exact placement in French courses will be determined by the department at the time of registration.

6) An intensive one-semester programme is offered in the Fall and Winter semesters to a limited number of students who have recently completed French 1051 (see above under INSTITUT FRECKER). Further details and application forms may be obtained from the Department of French and Spanish.

7) Students who have successfully completed any course in the following sequence of language courses will not subsequently be permitted to receive credit for any course with a lower number in the sequence: French 1001, 1050, 1051, the former 1060, 2100, 2101, 2159, 2160, the former 2161, 3700, 3701, 4700, 4701, 4750.

8) Students wishing to enrol in courses numbered 4030 through 4600 must have completed at least French 3701 and such additional prerequisites as may be specified (see individual calendar entries for details).

100F. Français pour débutants. Ce cours est conçu pour initier le débutant aux éléments de base de la grammaire et à la communication orale et écrite.

Cours: Quatre heures par semaine.

Laboratoire: Une heure par semaine.

100F. French for Beginners. A course designed to introduce the beginner to the basics of French grammar and the elements of oral and written communication.

Lectures: Four hours per week.

Laboratory: One hour per week.

1001. Français élémentaire. Révision des notions élémentaires de la grammaire française et pratique de la communication orale et écrite.

Cours: Quatre heures par semaine.

Laboratoire: Une heure par semaine.

Préalable: Français Ecole secondaire 3200 réussi avec une note de moins de 80% ou Français 100F.

1001. Elementary French. A review of elementary concepts of French grammar, with practice in oral and written communication.

Lectures: Four hours per week.

Laboratory: One hour per week.

Prerequisite: High School French 3200 with a mark below 80% or French 100F.

1050. Français de première année. Ce cours est conçu pour amé-liorer l'expression, la compréhension auditive, la lecture et l'écriture.

Cours: Quatre heures par semaine.

Laboratoire: Une heure par semaine.

Préalable: Français Ecole secondaire 3200 réussi avec une note de plus de 80% ou Français 1001.

1050. First-Year French I. This course is designed to improve skills in speaking, aural comprehension, reading and writing.

Lectures: Four hours per week.

Laboratory: One hour per week.

Prerequisite: High School French 3200 with a mark of 80% or more, or French 1001.

1051. Français de première année. Suite de 1050.

Cours: Voir ci-dessus.

Laboratoire: Une heure par semaine.

Préalable: Français 1050.

1051. First-Year French II. Continuation of 1050.

Lectures: As above.

Laboratory: One hour per week.

Prerequisite: French 1050.

2100. Français intermédiaire I. Rédaction, grammaire et pratique orale.

Préalable: Français 1051.

N.B. Les étudiants ne peuvent obtenir de crédit pour Français 2160 et Français 2100 ou 2101.

2100. Intermediate French I. Composition, grammar and practice in oral skills.

Prerequisite: French 1051.

NOTE: Students may not receive credit for both French 2160 and French 2100 or 2101.

2101. Français intermédiaire II. La suite de 2100. Une continuation du travail de rédaction, de grammaire et de communication orale.

Préalable: Français 2100.

N.B. Les étudiants ne peuvent obtenir de crédit pour Français 2160 et Français 2100 ou 2101.

2101. Intermediate French II. A continuation of 2100, with further work in composition, grammar and oral skills.

Prerequisite: French 2100.

NOTE: Students may not receive credit for both French 2160 and French 2100 or 2101.

2159. Français de première année - niveau avancé. Ce cours est conçu principalement pour développer les compétences linguistiques des étudiants qui ont reçu leur formation dans les programmes d'im-mersion. La compréhension et l'expression écrites et orales seront développées au moyen d'exercices pratiques oraux et écrits.

Des étudiants avec des qualifications équivalentes peuvent s'inscrire à ce cours avec la permission du chef du Département.

Cours: Quatre heures par semaine.

N.B. Les étudiants ne peuvent obtenir de crédit pour Français 2159 et Français 1060 (désormais supprimé), Français 2100 ou Français 2101.

2159. Advanced French for First-year Students. Primarily intended to build on the language skills acquired by students in immersion programmes. Development of reading, writing, listening and speaking ability through practical oral and written exercises. Other qualified students may register with the permission of the Head of Department.

Lectures: Four hours per week.

NOTE: Students may not receive credit for both French 2159 and the former French 1060, or for French 2100 or 2101.

2160. Français de deuxième année - niveau avancé I. Révision intensive de la grammaire et pratique de la langue écrite et parlée ayant pour but d'assurer la précision linguistique à l'oral ainsi qu'à l'écrit et de supprimer les anglicismes.

Préalable: Français 1060.

N.B. Les étudiants ne peuvent obtenir de crédit pour Français 2160 et Français 2100 ou 2101.

2160. Advanced Second-Year French I. An intensive review of French grammar with oral and written practice. Particular attention will be paid to ensuring precision in language use in both oral and written forms and to eradicating anglicisms.

Prerequisite: French 1060.

NOTE: Students may not receive credit for both French 2160 and French 2100 or 2101.

2300. Phonétique. Introduction pratique à la phonétique du français. Emploi des symboles de l'alphabet phonétique, transcription phoné-tique et phonétique corrective.

Préalable: Français 1051 ou équivalent.

2300. Phonetics. A practical introduction to French phonetics, including the International Phonetic Alphabet and phonetic transcription as well as corrective phonetics.

Prerequisite: French 1051 or equivalent.

2500. Communication orale et écrite. Cours pratique de français idiomatique moderne conçu pour faire acquérir à l'étudiant les mécanismes qui lui permettront de répondre à des situations de communication quotidienne dans un milieu francophone.

N.B. Français 2500 ne fait partie que des cours du programme d'immersion offert à St. Pierre (voir ci-dessus pour des détails).

2500. Oral and Written Communication. A practical course in contemporary French idiom, designed to allow the student to deal specifically with the problems encountered when living in a French environment.

NOTE: French 2500 may be taken only as part of the one-semester immersion programme at the INSTITUT FRECKER in St-Pierre (see details above).

2550. Initiation à la littérature française I. Initiation à la littérature française de la période médiévale jusqu'à la Révolution. Ce cours a pour but de donner aux étudiants des connaissances de base de l'histoire de la littérature française et d'enseigner les techniques d'analyse littéraire orale et écrite.

Préalable: Français 1051 ou 2159. Un étudiant ayant reçu moins de 75% pour 1051 serait prudent de compléter 2100 avant de s'inscrire à ce cours.

2550. Introduction to French Literature I. This course provides an introduction to French literature from the Medieval period to the Revolution. The aim of the course is to provide students with a basic knowledge of French literary history and to teach the techniques of oral and written literary analysis.

Prerequisite: French 1051 or 2159. Students who have obtained less than 75% in 1051 are, however, advised to complete 2100 before attempting this course.

2551. Initiation à la littérature française II. La suite de 2550. Ce cours porte sur la période à partir de la Révolution française jusqu'au présent, y compris la littérature du Canada français.

Préalable: Français 2550.

2551. Introduction to French Literature II. The continuation of 2550, this course deals with the period between the French Revolution and the present. The literature of French Canada will also be discussed to some extent.

Prerequisite: French 2550.

3302. Histoire de la langue française. (Identique à Linguistique 3302). Une étude des origines du français qui porte sur l'influence du gaulois, le latin vulgaire, le francique et la division langue d'oc/langue d'oïl; survol des dialectes, de la morphologie et de la syntaxe de l'ancien français et de l'évolution du vieux français au moyen français en tenant compte de la phonologie, de la morphologie, de la syntaxe et du vocabulaire.

Préalables: Études classiques 120A et 120B et Français 2101 et 2300.

3302. History of the French Language. (Same as Linguistics 3302). A study of the origins of French, including the influence of Gaulish, Vulgar Latin, Frankish and the langue d'oc/langue d'oïl division; a survey of the dialects, morphology and syntax of Old French and of the evolution from Old to Middle French, including phonology, morphology, syntax and vocabulary.

Prerequisites: Classics 120A and 120B and French 2101 and 2300.

3310. Phonologie et morphologie du français. (Identique à Linguistique 3310). Une étude de la structure phonologique et morphologique du français. Données des variétés régionales et non- standard en contraste avec le français standard: règles formelles pour rendre compte des régularités observées. Interaction de la phonologie et la morphologie dans la liaison et d'autres contextes. La fléxion et la dérivation. On prescrit des articles de recherche sur l'un ou plusieurs des thémes à l'étude et un rapport rédigé en français sur l'un ou plusieurs des articles. Ce cours est normalement enseigné en français.

Préalable: Français 2300 ou Linguistique 2104 avec soit Français 2100 soit Français 2159.

N.B. Il est fortement recommandé aux étudiants n'ayant pas complété Français 2300 d'obtenir au moins trois heures de crédit au niveau 2000 avant de suivre le Français 3310.

3310. Phonology and Morphology of French. (Same as Linguistics 3310). Examination of the phonological and morphological structure of French. Data from regional and non-standard varieties contrasted with data from standard French: formal rules to deal with observed regularities. Interactions of phonology and morphology in phenomena such as liaison. Derivational and inflectional morphology. Research articles on one or more of the topics dealt with in the course will be assigned as readings, and a written report in French based on one or more of the articles is to be submitted as part of the term work. This course will normally be taught in French.

Prerequisite: French 2300 or both Linguistics 2104 and either French 2100 or 2159.

NOTE: Students who have not completed French 2300 are strongly advised to complete at least three credit hours in French courses at the 2000-level before attempting French 3310.

3311. Initiation à la linguistique générale: aspects de la théorie linguistique française. (Identique à Linguistique 3311). Étude pratique du système verbal du français et une exposition approfondie des systèmes de l'aspect, de la voix et des modes. Les concepts fondamentaux de la linguistique serviront de cadre à cette exposition: la distinction langue/parole et le rapport avec les entités sous-jacentes et de surface; le langage comme activité et la génération des éléments de surface à partir des systèmes sous-jacents. Ce cours sera normalement enseigné en français.

Préalable: Un cours en linguistique ou Français 2100 of 2159.

3311. Introduction to General Linguistics: Aspects of French Linguistic Theory. (Same as Linguistics 3311). A practical examination of the French verbal system, with a thorough exposition of the systems of aspect, voice, tense and mood. The fundamental concepts of linguistics will form the framework of this exposition: the langue/parole distinction and its relationship to underlying and surface entities; language as activity and the generation of surface elements from underlying subsystems. This course will normally be taught in French.

Prerequisite: A Linguistics course or French 2100 or 2159.

3400. Langue française - niveau intermédiaire. Ce cours com-prend une étude des éléments de base de la stylistique française, la traduction de la prose et la rédaction.

Préalable: voir Français 3401.

3400. Intermediate French Language. This course will include work in the fundamentals of French stylistics as well as prose translation and free composition.

Prerequisites: See French 3401.

3401. Textes choisis de la littérature française. Ce cours donnera aux étudiants l'occasion d'étudier des oeuvres choisies de quelques grands écrivains français. Ce cours est conçu pour permettre aux étudiants de développer leurs compétences critiques et d'étendre leurs connaissances de la littérature française.

Préalable: Français 3400 et 3401 sont ouverts aux étudiants qui ont complété le programme d'immersion d'un semestre à St. Pierre (voir l'Institut Frecker ci-dessus), ou qui ont obtenu une note de 75% ou plus en Français 2101. D'autres étudiants pourraient être acceptés avec la permission du chef du Département.

N.B. Ces deux cours pourraient être offerts à St. Pierre pendant la période allant du début mai à la mi-juin. Les deux cours forment un bloc.

3401. Readings in French Literature. This course will provide students with the opportunity to study selected works of major French writers. It is designed to enable students to develop their critical ability while broadening their knowledge of French literature.

Prerequisites: French 3400 and 3401 are open to students who have successfully completed the one-semester immersion programme in St-Pierre (see INSTITUT FRECKER, above), or who have obtained a mark of 75% or higher in French 2101. Other students may be accepted by special permission of the Head of the Department.

NOTE: These two courses may be offered in St-Pierre during the period running for six weeks from early May to the middle of June. Students will take both courses as a single unit.

3500. Introduction à la prose de langue française. Une attention particulière sera apportée aux littératures du Canada français et de la France.

Préalables: Français 2550 et 2551.

3500. An Introduction to Prose Literature in French. Particular attention will be paid to the literatures of French Canada and France.

Prerequisites: French 2550 and 2551.

3501. Introduction au théâtre de langue française. Une attention particulière sera apportée aux littératures du Canada français et de la France.

Préalables: Français 2550 et 2551.

3501. An Introduction to Drama in French. Particular attention will be paid to the literatures of French Canada and France.

Prerequisites: French 2550 and 2551.

3502. Introduction à la poésie de langue française. Une attention particulière sera apportée à la poésie du Canada français et de la France.

Préalables: Français 2550 et 2551.

3502. An Introduction to Poetry in French. Particular attention will be paid to the literatures of French Canada and France.

Prerequisites: French 2550 and 2551.

3506. Cinéma français. Un cours d'initiation conçu pour familiariser l'étudiant avec les principales productions et directions du cinéma français. Ce cours est enseigné en français, et les films projetés ne seront pas nécessairement sous-titrés en anglais. Il est donc recommandé que les étudiants aient une bonne compréhension auditive du français.

Préalable: Français 2159, ou un minimum de six heures de crédit de français au niveau 2000.

3506. French Cinema. A survey course designed to acquaint students with the major productions and trends in French cinema. The course is taught in French, and films screened will not necessarily have English subtitles. It is therefore recommended that students have a good aural comprehension of French.

Prerequisite: French 2159, or six credit hours in other courses at the 2000 level.

3650. Survol de la civilisation française et continuation du travail au niveau de la langue.

Préalable: Français 2159, ou un minimum de six heures de crédit de français au niveau 2000.

3650. A survey of the civilization of France, with further practice in language work.

Prerequisite: French 2159, or six credit hours in other courses at the 2000 level.

3651. Survol de la civilisation du Québec et continuation du travail au niveau de la langue.

Préalable: Français 2159, ou un minimum de six heures de crédit de français au niveau 2000.

3651. A survey of the civilization of Quebec, with further practice in language work.

Prerequisite: French 2159, or six credit hours in other courses at the 2000 level.

3652. Introduction à la culture et à la civilisation acadiennes et continuation du travail au niveau de la langue.

Préalable: Français 2159, ou un minimum de six heures de crédit de français au niveau 2000.

3652. A survey of Acadian culture and civilization, with further practice in language work.

Prerequisite: French 2159, or six credit hours in other courses at the 2000 level.

3700. Thème, version et étude détaillée de la grammaire et du français idiomatique.

Préalable: Français 2101 ou 2160.

3700. Prose composition and a detailed study of grammar and idiom.

Prerequisite: French 2101 or 2160.

3701. Thème, version et étude détaillée de la grammaire et du français idiomatique (suite).

Préalable: Français 2101 ou 2160.

3701. Further work in prose composition, grammar and idiom.

Prerequisite: French 2101 or 2160.

3800. Thèmes interdisciplinaires en civilisation française.

3800. Interdisciplinary Topics in French Civilization.

4030. Introduction à la langue et à la littérature du français médiéval. Initiation à la phonétique et à la morphologie de l'ancien français (du IXe au XIIIe siècle) et une étude parallèle des principaux genres littéraires: hagiographie, poésie lyrique, roman et chroniques.

Préalable: Français 3302.

4030. An Introduction to Old French Language and Literature. A survey of the major phonetic and morphological characteristics of Old French (9th to 13th centuries) and a parallel study of the main literary genres, including hagiography, lyric poetry, romance and chronicle.

Prerequisite: French 3302.

4031. Survol de la littérature en ancien français et en français moyen. Étude d'un roman du XIIe ou du XIIIe siècle, avec une analyse morphologique, syntaxique et thématique. Introduction aux principaux changements morphologiques et syntaxiques qui se présentent en moyen français (XIVe et XVe siècles), accompagnée d'un aperçu des formes littéraires nouvelles, avec des exemples tirés de l'oeuvre de Machaut, de Christine de Pisan, de Froissart, de Chartier et de Villon.

Préalable: Français 4030.

4031. A Survey of Old and Middle French Literature. The study of one twelfth- or thirteenth-century romance, including morphological, syntactic and thematic analysis, and an introduction to the main phonetic, morphological and syntactic changes appearing in Middle French (14th and 15th centuries), accompanied by a survey of new literary forms with examples from the works of Machaut, Christine de Pisan, Froissart, Chartier and Villon.

Prerequisite: French 4030.

4070. Étude de la littérature de la première période de la Renaissance.

Préalables: Français 3500 et soit 3501 soit 3502.

4070. A Study of French Literature of the Early Renaissance.

Prerequisites: French 3500 and either 3501 or 3502.

4071. Étude de la littérature de la dernière période de la Renaissance.

Préalables: Français 3500 et soit 3501 soit 3502.

4071. A Study of French Literature of the Later Renaissance.

Prerequisites: French 3500 and either 3501 or 3502.

4110. Littérature française du dix-septième siècle I.

Préalables: Français 3501 et soit 3500 soit 3502.

4110. French Literature of the Seventeenth Century I.

Prerequisites: French 3501 and either 3500 or 3502.

4111. Littérature française du dix-septième siècle II.

Préalables: Français 3501 et soit 3500 soit 3502.

4111. French Literature of the Seventeenth Century II.

Prerequisites: French 3501 and either 3500 or 3502.

4155. Littérature française du siècle des lumières I. Étude des écrivains de la fin du XVIIe et du début du XVIIIe siècle, tels que Bayle, Fontenelle, Fénelon, Montesquieu et Voltaire.

Préalables: Français 3500 et soit 3501 soit 3502.

4155. The Literature of the French Enlightenment I. A study of the writers of the late seventeenth century and early years of the eighteenth century, including Bayle, Fontenelle, Fénelon, Montesquieu and Voltaire.

Prerequisites: French 3500 and either 3501 or 3502.

4156. Littérature française du siècle des lumières II. Suite de 4155. Étude des principaux écrivains du XVIIIe siècle: Voltaire, Montesquieu, Diderot et Rousseau.

Préalables: Français 3500 et soit 3501 soit 3502.

4156. The Literature of the French Enlightenment II. A continuation of 4155, including a study of the major writers of the eighteenth century: Voltaire, Montesquieu, Diderot and Rousseau.

Prerequisites: French 3500 and either 3501 or 3502.

4157. Roman français du dix-huitième siècle. Étude des écrivains représentatifs de la première partie du siècle jusqu'à la Révolution française, parmi lesquels Montesquieu, Prévost, Diderot, Voltaire, Rousseau et Laclos.

Préalables: Français 3500 et soit 3501 soit 3502.

4157. The French Novel of the Eighteenth Century. A study of the representative writers from the early part of the century up to the French Revolution, including Montesquieu, Prévost, Diderot, Voltaire, Rousseau and Laclos.

Prerequisites: French 3500 and either 3501 or 3502.

4158. Théâtre français du dix-huitième siècle. Étude des drama-turges marquants, parmi lesquels Marivaux, Voltaire et Beaumarchais et de l'évolution de certains genres dramatiques importants tels que le théâtre de la foire, le drame bourgeois et le théâtre révolutionnaire.

Préalables: Français 3501 et soit 3500 soit 3502.

4158. French Drama of the Eighteenth Century. A study of major dramatists including Marivaux, Voltaire and Beaumarchais, and the development of significant dramatic trends such as the "théâtre de la foire", the "drame bourgeois" and the "théâtre révolutionnaire".

Prerequisites: French 3501 and either 3500 or 3502.

4194. Poésie et théâtre français du dix-neuvième siècle. Étude de la poésie et du théâtre du XIXe siècle. En ce qui concerne le théâtre, l'accent sera sur la contribution des Romantiques, mais d'autres genres tels que le réalisme et le théâtre social seront discutés aussi. La poésie étudiée commencera par l'oeuvre de Chénier, et comprendra des sélections des poètes romantiques, des parnassiens, de Baudelaire et d'autres poètes maudits.

N.B. Les étudiants qui ont déjà complété les anciens cours de français 4191, 4197 ou 4198 ne peuvent recevoir de crédit pour Français 4194. Préalables: Français 3501 et soit 3500 soit 3502.

4194. French Poetry and Drama of the Nineteenth Century. A study of nineteenth-century French poetry and drama. In the theatre, emphasis will be placed on the contribution of the Romantics, but the development of other trends such as realism and the "théâtre social" will also be discussed. The poetry studied will begin with the work of Chénier and will include selections from the Romantics, Parnassians, Baudelaire and other "poètes maudits".

NOTE: Students who have previously completed the former French 4191, the former French 4197, or the former French 4198 may not receive credit for French 4194.

Prerequisites: French 3501 and either 3500 or 3502.

4195. Roman français du dix-neuvième siècle I. Étude des écrivains représentatifs depuis les débuts du siècle jusqu'à la mort de Balzac en 1850. Ce cours se concentrera sur les oeuvres de Balzac et de Stendhal, mais portera également sur Chateaubriand et Constant.

Préalables: Français 3500 et soit 3501 soit 3502.

4195. The French Novel of the Nineteenth Century I. A study of representative writers from the early part of the century up to the death of Balzac in 1850. The course will centre on the works of Balzac and Stendhal, but will also include Chateaubriand and Constant.

Prerequisites: French 3500 and either 3501 or 3502.

4196. Roman français du dix-neuvième siècle II. Étude des écrivains représentatifs de la deuxième moitié du siècle. Ce cours mettra l'accent sur les oeuvres de Flaubert et de Zola, mais comprendra par ailleurs celles des frères Goncourt et de Maupassant.

Préalables: Français 3500 et soit 3501 soit 3502.

4196. The French Novel of the Nineteenth Century II. A study of representative writers from the second half of the century. The course will emphasize the works of Flaubert and Zola, but will also include the Goncourt brothers and Maupassant.

Prerequisites: French 3500 and either 3501 or 3502.

4230. Roman français de la première moitié du vingtième siècle.

Préalables: Français 3500 et soit 3501 soit 3502.

4230. The French Novel of the First Half of the Twentieth Century.

Prerequisites: French 3500 and either 3501 or 3502.

4231. Roman français après 1950 et nouveau roman.

Préalables: Français 3500 et soit 3501 soit 3502.

4231. The French Novel after 1950 Including the Nouveau Roman.

Prerequisites: French 3500 and either 3501 or 3502.

4232. Théâtre français du vingtième siècle.

Préalables: Français 3501 et soit 3500 soit 3502.

4232. French Drama of the Twentieth Century.

Prerequisites: French 3501 and either 3500 or 3502.

4233. Poésie française du vingtième siècle.

Préalables: Français 3502 et soit 3500 soit 3501.

4233. French Poetry of the Twentieth Century.

Prerequisites: French 3502 and either 3500 or 3501.

4301. Étude des dialectes, patois et argots de France. (Identique à Linguistique 4301).

Préalable: Français 3701.

4301. French dialects, Patois, and Argots. (Same as Linguistics 4301).

Prerequisite: French 3701.

4310. La langue française au Canada. (Identique à Linguistique 4310). Étude des formes régionales distinctives du français qui existent au Canada. Les sons des parlers québécois, acadiens, et d'autres formes régionales seront examinées, avec un bref survol de la morphologie et de la syntaxe typiques du français canadien. Le vocabulaire distinctif du français canadien sera également considéré vis-à-vis de ses sources différentes: (1) les dialectes régionaux de la France, (2) l'ancien français, (3) emprunts aux langues amérindiennes, (4) créations originales du français canadien, et (5) emprunts de l'anglais.

Préalables: Français/Linguistique 3310 et Français 3701 ou la permission du chef d'un département ou de l'autre.

4310. The French Language in Canada. (Same as Linguistics 4310). A survey of the distinctively regional forms of French found in Canada. The speech sounds of Québécois, Acadien and other regional forms are examined, and a brief survey made of morphology and syntax which are typical of Canadian French. The distinctive vocabulary of Canadian French is also examined and related to its various sources: (1) the regional dialects of France, (2) Old French, (3) borrowings from Amerindian languages, (4) original creations of Canadian French, and (5) borrowings from English.

Prerequisite: French/Linguistics 3310 and French 3701 or permission of the Head of either Department.

4400. Culture traditionnelle des Franco-Terre-Neuviens. (Identique à Folklore 4400). Étude de l'héritage traditionnel français à Terre-Neuve.

N.B.: 1) Il est recommandé, mais pas obligatoire, que l'étudiant ait déjà complété Folklore 1000 ou 2000, et également Folklore 2300.

2) Les étudiants peuvent s'inscrire au Français 4400 seulement avec la permission du chef du département.

4400. Traditional Culture of French-Newfoundlanders. (Same as Folklore 4400). A study of the traditional French heritage in Newfoundland.

NOTES: 1) It is recommended, but not obligatory, that students should have successfully completed Folklore 1000 or 2000, and also Folklore 2300.

2) Students may enroll in French 4400 only with permission of the Head of the Department.

4410. Folklore de France. (Identique à Folklore 4410). Étude du folklore français comprenant une discussion des travaux des grands folkloristes français, surtout des XIXe et XXe siècles; examen de la contribution des sociétés régionales de folklore et évaluation de la contribution des folkloristes français à l'étude du folklore à l'échelle internationale.

N.B.: 1) Il est recommandé, mais pas obligatoire, que l'étudiant ait déjà complété Folklore 1000 ou 2000.

2) Les étudiants peuvent s'inscrire au Français 4410 seulement avec la permission du chef du département.

4410. Folklore of France. (Same as Folklore 4410). A survey of French Folklore, including a discussion of the work of major French folklorists primarily of the 19th and 20th centuries, the contribution of regional folklore societies, and an assessment of the contribution of French folklorists to international folklore scholarship.

NOTES: 1) It is recommended, but not obligatory, that students should have successfully completed Folklore 1000 or 2000.

2) Students may enroll in French 4410 only with permission of the Head of the department.

4420. Folklore français du Nouveau Monde. (Identique à Folklore 4420). Examine les directions suivies dans la cueillette et l'étude du folklore des Français au Nouveau Monde. La présence française sera placée dans un contexte historique et géographique afin de retracer, à travers les institutions et les individus associés à l'étude du folklore français, les genres de folklore étudiés ainsi que les positions théoriques et méthodologiques adoptées par les chercheurs.

N.B.: 1) Il est recommandé, mais pas obligatoire, que l'étudiant ait complété Folklore 1000 ou 2000.

2) Les étudiants peuvent s'inscrire au 4420 seulement avec la permission du chef du département.

4420. French Folklore in the New World. (Same as Folklore 4420). An examination of the directions taken in the collection and study of the folklore of the French in the New World. The French presence will be placed in a historic-geographic context, in order to trace, through the individuals and institutions associated with French folklore, the kinds of folklore studied and the differing theoretical and methodological stances adopted.

NOTES: 1) It is recommended, but not obligatory, that students should have successfully completed Folklore 1000 or 2000.

2) Students may enroll in French 4420 only with permission of the Head of the Department.

4500. Étude du roman dans la littérature du Québec.

Préalables: Français 3500 et soit 3501 soit 3502.

4500. A Study of the Novel in the Literature of Quebec.

Prerequisites: French 3500 and either 3501 or 3502.

4501. Étude du théâtre dans la littérature du Québec.

Préalables: Français 3501 et soit 3500 soit 3502.

4501. A Study of Theatre in the Literature of Quebec.

Prerequisites: French 3501 and either 3500 or 3502.

4502. Étude de la poésie dans la littérature du Québec.

Préalables: Français 3502 et soit 3500 soit 3501.

4502. A Study of Poetry in the Literature of Quebec.

Prerequisites: French 3502 and either 3500 or 3501.

4600. Introduction à la critique et à la théorie littéraires: approches la littérature en langue française. Le développement de la critique littéraire et l'émergence de la théorie littéraire au XXe siècle, y compris l'évolution depuis une critique des oeuvres particulières jusqu'à une théorie générale du texte sous l'influence de la linguistique et de la sémiotique. Il ne sera pas seulement question de l'Europe mais aussi du Canada français depuis 1960. Le cours comprendra aussi une analyse, du point de vue de la théorie littéraire, de la relation entre l'écriture du texte et l'acte de lecture.

Préalables: Français 3311 et deux d'entre Français 3500, 3501 et 3502.

4600. Introduction to Criticism and Literary Theory: Approaches to Literature Written in French. The development of literary criticism from the nineteenth century onwards and the emergence of literary theory in the twentieth century, including the progression from criticism of individual works to a theory of the text under the influence of linguistics and semiotics. Attention will be paid not only to Europe, but also to French Canada since 1960. The course will include an analysis, from the point of view of literary theory, of the relationship between composition of the text and the act of reading.

Prerequisites: French 3311 and two of French 3500, 3501, 3502.

4700. Rédaction et étude détaillée du français idiomatique avec exercices de traduction.

Préalable: Français 3701.

4700. Prose Composition and a Detailed Study of Idiomatic French with Exercises in Translation.

Prerequisite: French 3701.

4701. Pratique avancée de la rédaction et étude du français idiomatique.

Préalable: Français 4700.

4701. Further Practice in Prose Composition and Idiom with Exercises in Free Composition.

Prerequisite: French 4700.

4750. Traduction de la prose. Une introduction à la stylistique comparative du français et de l'anglais avec des exercices de traduction.

Préalable: Français 4701.

4750. Prose Translation. An introduction to the comparative stylistics of French and English with exercises in prose translation.

Prerequisite: French 4701.

4751. Traduction littéraire. Continue l'étude de stylistique comparative, avec des exercices en traduction de la prose (le romanesque et le non-romanesque) et une introduction à la traduction de la poésie.

Préalable: Français 4750.

4751. Literary Translation. A continuation of the study of comparative stylistics, with exercises in prose translation (fiction and nonfiction) and an introduction to poetic translation.

Prerequisite: French 4750.

4800. Thème spécial en études françaises I.

4800. Special Topics in French Studies I.

4801. Thème spécial en études françaises II.

4801. Special Topics in French Studies II.

4999. Dissertation pour étudiants avec spécialisation en français.

4999. Dissertation for Honours students.

ITALIAN

COURSE LIST

1000. Elementary Italian I. For beginners in Italian. Introduction to the fundamentals of Italian grammar, with particular attention to the acquisition of basic skills in oral and written communication.

Lectures: Four hours per week.

Laboratory: One hour per week.

1001. Elementary Italian II. A continuation of Elementary Italian I.

Lectures: Four hours per week.

Laboratory: One hour per week.

Prerequisite: Italian 1000.

SPANISH

SPANISH MAJOR PROGRAMME

A Major in Spanish consists of a minimum of 36 credit hours in Spanish chosen from the courses listed below.

All students majoring in Spanish are required to complete Latin 120A and 120B, or the equivalent acceptable to the Department.

NOTE: Students are strongly advised to complete this requirement as early as possible.

SPANISH MINOR PROGRAMME

A Minor in Spanish consists of a minimum of 24 credit hours in Spanish from the courses listed below.

COURSE LIST

1000. Elementary Spanish I. Introductory course, grammar, reading and oral Spanish.

1001. Elementary Spanish II. A continuation of Elementary Spanish I.

Prerequisite: Spanish 1000.

2000. Intermediate Spanish I. A continuation of the basic grammar, reading, and oral Spanish completed in the elementary programme.

Prerequisite: Spanish 1001.

2001. Intermediate Spanish II. A continuation of Intermediate Spanish I.

Prerequisite: Spanish 2000.

3000, 3001. . A study of representative works of Spanish literature of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

Prerequisite: Spanish 2001.

3100. Spanish Literature of the Golden Age: Poetry and Drama. A general introduction to sixteenth and seventeenth century Spanish poetry and drama, with particular reference to the poetry of Garcilaso de la Vega, Luis de León, San Juan de la Cruz, Herrera, Góngora, Lope de Vega and Quevedo and the theatre of such authors as Lope de Vega, Tirso de Molina, Ruíz de Alarcón, Calderón.

Prerequisite: Spanish 2001.

3101. Spanish Literature of the Golden Age: Prose. A general introduction to the historical and cultural background and development of sixteenth and seventeenth century Spanish prose literature through study of Lazarillo de Tormes, Don Quijote and El Buscón. Special emphasis is laid on the picaresque novel and on the originality of Cervantes and the creation of the first truly "modern" novel.

Prerequisite: Spanish 2001.

3200, 3201. A general survey of Spanish literary works of the twentieth century, with a detailed study of representative authors.

Prerequisite: Spanish 2001.

3400. Spanish Civilization. A survey of Spanish history, literature, art and philosophy.

Prerequisite: Spanish 2001.

3401. Spanish-American Culture and Civilization. Spanish-American culture and civilization from pre-Columbian times to the present through an examination of native (Aztec, Incan, Mayan, Quechua and Muisca) cultures and the impact on them of European discovery and colonization of the New World. Particular attention will be paid to the situation of the Indian and the mestizo in Spanish America and to the background of the various independence movements in the region.

Prerequisite: Spanish 2001.

3500. Spanish-American Literature I: 1500-1880. The development of Spanish-American literature from the European conquest to the Romantic movement, beginning with a comparison between Spanish and native American writing at the time of the conquest. The Baroque, Neo-classical and Romantic ages will be studied through the writings of such authors as Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, Altamirano, Inclán and Flores.

Prerequisite: Spanish 2001.

3501. Spanish-American Literature II: 1880-1980. An examination of major trends in Spanish-American literature since Romanticism, with particular emphasis on the development of the modern novel and on the works of such authors as Gabriel García Márquez, Jorge Luís Borges and Julio Cortazar.

Prerequisite: Spanish 2001.

3502. Spanish-American Cuento. Generic characteristics and history of the short story. Major emphasis will be laid on a close reading of stories by Juan Rolfo, Jorge Luís Borges, Julio Cortazar and Gabriel García Marquez.

Prerequisite: Spanish 2001.

3600, 3601. A study of representative works of Spanish-American literature of the twentieth century.

Prerequisite: Spanish 2001.

3700. Advanced Spanish I. Oral Spanish, composition and reading of contemporary literary materials; phonetics.

Prerequisite: Spanish 2001.

3701. Advanced Spanish II. A continuation of Advanced Spanish I.

Prerequisite: Spanish 3700.

4000. Medieval Spanish Literature I: Verse. The development of verse and poetic forms in Medieval Spain, with particular emphasis on the specific differences between this literature and that found after the Renaissance. The esthetic relationship of medieval poetry to other contemporary forms of artistic expression on the Iberian peninsula will also be studied.

Prerequisite: Spanish 3000 or 3001.

4001. Medieval Spanish Literature II: Prose. The development of Spanish prose from its beginnings to the Renaissance, with particular emphasis on the techniques of critical analysis. Particular attention will be paid to an understanding of the distinctive medieval worldview and to the esthetic context in which the material to be studied was created.

Prerequisite: Spanish 3000 or 3001.

4200. Nineteenth Century Spanish Novel. Major novels of the nineteenth century will be analyzed as independent works and as creative manifestations of particular cultural and literary movements such as romanticism, realism and naturalism.

Prerequisite: Spanish 3000 or 3001.

4201. Modern Spanish Novel. An examination of the modern Spanish novel, with special emphasis on such topics as the Generation of 1898, avant-garde literary movements, social realism, the impact of the Spanish Civil War on Spanish literature, and recent developments in the theory and practice of the novel.

Prerequisite: Spanish 3000 or 3001.

4500. Twentieth Century Spanish-American Novel. A cross-section of currents present in the twentieth century Spanish-American narrative. The complex interplay of myth and reality is explored in, for example, the novel of the Mexican Revolution, the Argentine gauchesca and the novels of political intrigue culminating in it Cien años de soledad.

Prerequisite: Spanish 3500 or 3501.

4501. Modernism in Spanish-American Literature. Examination, through a study of representative works by Ruben Dario, González Martínez, and Agustini, of the genesis and development of this fundamental movement in Spanish-American literature from its beginnings in 1885 to its disappearance at the time of the First World War.

Prerequisite: Spanish 3501.

4502. Modern Spanish-American Drama. Spanish-American theatre as a reflection of social problems, focussing on such themes as the role of the individual in society, appearance and reality, moral responsibility and escapism, human communication and the role of religion in human relationships.

Prerequisite: Spanish 3501.

4503. Contemporary Spanish-American Poetry. An exploration of twentieth century Spanish-American verse and the complex relationship between social conscience and poetic expression; among the movements to be studied are creacionismo, ultraismo, superrealismo and popularismo.

Prerequisite: Spanish 3501.

4700. Oral and Written Spanish Composition I. Intensive oral and written practice, with emphasis on syntactic, stylistic, idiomatic and colloquial features of the Spanish language not usually studied at lower levels.

Prerequisite: Spanish 3701.

4701. Oral and Written Spanish Composition II. A continuation of Spanish 4700, with further practice in advanced language study.

Prerequisite: Spanish 4700.

4800. Directed Reading Course in Spanish. A course designed to meet the needs of individual students in relation to some topic not covered in other available courses at the same level.

Prerequisite: Permission of the Head of the Department.

GEOGRAPHY

GENERAL PREREQUISITES (Core Courses)

All students majoring in Geography must complete 18 credit hours in the following core: 1010, 1011, 2001, 2102, 2195, 2302.

Mathematics 1000, or 1050 and 1051, or 1080 and 1081 are also required. In addition, one of the following quantitative methods courses is required: Geography 2220 or Statistics 2500 or Statistics 2510. Students majoring in Geography are strongly recommended to complete a quantitative methods course before the end of their second year.

Geography 1010 and 1011 are normally prerequisite to other courses in the core. This prerequisite may be waived in special circumstances with the permission of the Head of the Department. For the purposes of requirements and prerequisites, Geography 1000 and 1001 are understood to be equivalents to 1010 and 1011. See Sir Wilfred Grenfell College section of the calendar for the descriptions of 1000 and 1001.

MAJOR IN GEOGRAPHY (B.A. or B.Sc.)

A minimum of 45 credit hours in Geography is required, which must include the core of 18 credit hours, and (a) either Geography 2220 and 24 additional credit hours in Geography, or (b) Statistics 2500 or Statistics 2510 and 27 additional credit hours in Geography. The 24 or 27 additional credit hours are to be chosen in accordance with the following pattern:

1) Twelve credit hours in courses from at least three of the following groups:

A: 2200, 3200, 3250, 3260
B: 3303, 3325, 3701
C: 3000, 3610, 3620, 3800
D: 3110, 3120, 3140, 3150

2) Twelve (or 15) further credit hours in Geography, at least six of which must be chosen from courses at the 4000 level.

3) Geography courses numbered 3215, 3900-3909, 3990 - 3999, 4290, 4291, 4900 - 4919, 4990 and 4999 are special topics courses and honours courses. These cannot normally be used to fulfil the 45 credit hours minimum required for the major. They can, however, be used as elective courses above the major requirements.

B.A. candidates must complete a Minor in another subject or a second Major in accordance with General Regulations.

B.Sc. candidates must complete credits from other Science disciplines as follows:

a) Mathematics 1000, or 1050 and 1051, or 1080 and 1081

b) twelve credit hours from not more than two of the following disciplines:

Physics 1020 and 1021 (or 1050 and 1054)
Chemistry 1000 and 1001, or equivalents
Biology 1001 and 1002
Earth Sciences 1000 and 1001
Psychology 1000 and 1001

Note: Computer Science 1700 may be substituted for three of the required twelve credit hours.

c) fifteen further credit hours in Science outside Geography at the 2000-level or above.

HONOURS IN GEOGRAPHY (B.A. or B.Sc.)

1. Students intending to take an Honours degree in Geography must apply for entry to the Honours programme through the Office of the Registrar.

2. Students who are accepted for the Honours programme must:

a) arrange their programme in consultation with the Head of the Department;
b) comply with the General Regulations for Honours Degrees;
c) complete at least 60 credit hours in courses in Geography which must include

JOINT PROGRAMMES

Programmes for Joint Honours and Joint Major degrees towards the B.Sc. in Geography and Computer Science and a Joint Honours in Earth Science (Geology) and Geography may be found under the heading "Joint Programmes" in the entry for the Faculty of Science.

Students who wish to take Joint Honours in Geography and some other subject must arrange their programmes in consultation with the heads of the Departments concerned, and comply with the General Regulations for Honours Degrees.

MINOR IN GEOGRAPHY

Candidates minoring in Geography must complete 24 credit hours in courses including: 1010, 1011, 2001, 2102, 2195, 2302.

CONCENTRATION IN GEOGRAPHY (B.Ed. Candidates)

Candidates for the B.Ed.(Primary) or B.Ed. (Elementary) degrees with a concentration in Geography must complete at least 18 credit hours as follows:

- Geography 1010, 1011
- One of Geography 2001, 2102, 2302
- One of Geography 2490, 3290, 3320, 3490
- Six credit hours in other courses in Geography

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

IMPORTANT NOTE: Specific prerequisites for courses may be waived only with permission of the instructor and the Head of Department.

1010. Introduction to Geography I. This course is an introduction to the discipline of geography. Geography links the physical and social sciences by looking at the world as an environment, with physical attributes and human choices. The focus is on case studies which will include the natural and cultural aspects of human habitats.

Three lectures each week.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for 1010 and 1000.

1011. Introduction to Geography II. This course further develops the investigation of the Earth as human habitat. The lectures will present broad principles and case studies. These will be supported by laboratory sessions in which geographical data will be collected and analysed. The use and interpretation of maps will be emphasized.

Three lectures and one three hour laboratory each week.

Prerequisite: Geography 1010.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for 1011 and 1001.

2001. Cultural Geography. An examination of the basic themes of cultural Geography.

2102. Physical Geography: The Global Perspective. A study of form, process, and change in natural systems at and near the surface of Earth, viewed as human environment. Emphasis is on global and regional scales in the systematic study of climate, water, landforms and vegetation.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisite: Geography 1010 and Geography 1011.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for 2102 and the former 2100 or 2101.

2195. Introduction to Maps: Cartography, Remote Sensing, and Geographic Information Systems (GIS). An introduction to the fields of cartography, remote sensing, and geographic information systems (GIS). Emphasis on the understanding and appreciation of maps and map-like images.

Prerequisites: Mathematics 1000, or 1050 and 1051, or 1080 and 1081.

2200. Introduction to Thematic Cartography. A survey of the field of thematic mapping, with an emphasis on the practical application of cartographic design and the communication of spatial and temporal relationships. (A)

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Geography 2200 and the former 2190.

2220. Research Design and Quantitative Methods in Geography. An introduction to principles of research design, and to the use of quantitative techniques. The techniques examined include basic nonparametric and parametric statistical tools, as well as an introduction to modelling. Practical exercises, many of them computer based, are an essential part of the course.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisites: Mathematics 1000, or 1050 and 1051, or 1080 and 1081.

2302. Issues in Economic Geography. Basic issues and ideas in economic geography. The development of a regional economy will be related to underlying economic, cultural and physical factors.

2490. The Newfoundland Space Economy. An examination of the economic geography of Newfoundland and Labrador designed to provide a spatially oriented view of the socio-economic structure of the province.

Prerequisites: None. Intended primarily for students in the Newfoundland Studies Minor Programme, but open to others by permission of the Head.

3000. Population Geography. The geography of population distributions with special emphasis given to the population dynamics expressed in fertility, mortality and migration; techniques for analysis of vital statistics; world population problems; contrasting population policies of various countries. (C)

Prerequisite: Geography 2001.

3010. The Evolution of Urban Form (formerly 2010). This course examines the origin and evolution of the city in Western civilization, paying particular attention to the social, political, and economic processes which have been instrumental in transforming its physical fabric.

3100. Canada's Natural Environments and Landscapes. This course examines the characteristics and development of the natural environments and landscapes of each of the major regions of Canada. The diversity of natural environments is illustrated through discussion of the climatic, hydrological, biogeographical, and geomorphic processes responsible for shaping the land. The impact of both gradual and rapid (catastrophic) changes on local, national, and global scales will be emphasized.

Prerequisites: Geography 2102 or permission. This course is complementary to Geography 3405; students are encouraged to take both.

3110. Physical Geography: Regional and Local Systems. An investigation of selected problems of the biogeophysical environment, mainly at the regional and local scales, using an integrated, systems approach. (D)

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisite: Geography 2102.

Corequisites: Geography 2195 and one of Geography 2220, Statistics 2500 or Statistics 2510.

3120. Climatology. An analysis of the energy and moisture budgets and circulation of the atmosphere at the macro-scale, together with an examination of resulting climate characteristics for selected world regions. (D)

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisites: Geography 2102, Geography 2220 or Statistics 2500 or 2510.

3140. Biogeography. The application of ecological concepts to the study of the spatial variations in the distribution of plants and vegetation. Laboratory work emphasizes terrestrial flora of Newfoundland. (D)

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisites: Geography 2102; Geography 2220 or Statistics 2500 or 2510.

3150. Geomorphology. A study of the relationships between geomorphic processes and landforms. Practical work will involve collection of data and samples in the field and analytical laboratory techniques. (D)

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisites: Geography 2102 or Earth Sciences 2310; Geography 2220 or Mathematics 2000 or Statistics 2500 or 2510.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Geography 3150 and the former Earth Sciences 3700.

3200. Graphic Design in Cartography. An examination of the design components of the map as a graphic communication. Emphasized are the perceptual and technical aspects of graphic organization, symbolization, colour, and lettering. (A)

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisite: Geography 2200 or permission.

3210. History of Map Making. An examination of the major characteristics of the evolution of the art and science of map-making from the earliest time to the present. Emphasis is on the development and application of theory and method in the cartographic process.

3215. Cartography Practicum. Practical mapping experience as a cartographic intern in the MUNCL. This will entail six hours of work per week for one semester.

Prerequisite: Geography 2200. This course is intended primarily for those pursuing the cartography option within the Major in Geography, but may be open to others by permission of the Head.

3230. Field Course. This course will normally be taken by Geography Majors just prior to the Fall Semester of their third year. The course will be held off campus and is designed to provide experience in instrument and field techniques in physical, economic and cultural Geography.

3250. Introduction to Remote Sensing. An introduction to digital image analysis. Will include many aspects of pre-processing and processing of airborne and satellite imagery. (A)

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisites: Geography 2195, and Geography 2220 or Statistics 2500 or Statistics 2510.

3260. Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS). A review of hardware and software components of GIS, and an exploration into GIS applications, data structures and basic GIS functions. (A)

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisites: Geography 2195, Computer Science 2602 (or equivalent, with permission of instructor and the Head of Department), Geography 2220 or Statistics 2500 or Statistics 2510.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Geography 3260 and the former Geography 4251.

3290. Historical Geography of Newfoundland. An examination of the spatial development of settlement in Newfoundland from the period of early European contacts to the present century. Themes include the impact of Europeans on native occupance, the regional background of European migrations, the regional growth of population and the spread of settlement as manifested on the cultural landscape. This course also serves as an option in the Newfoundland Studies Minor programme.

3303. Location Theory. The theoretical basis of the study of economic geography. Theories of movement of people, goods and ideas, as well as theories of land-use, facility location and the development of agglomerations are examined. (B)

Prerequisites: Geography 2220 or Statistics 2500 or 2510; Geography 2302.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for 3303 and the former 2300, 2301, 2303.

3320. Fisheries Geography. This course involves a study of the various elements which go to make up a fishery including the natural bases of fisheries, the primary sector, fishing settlement features, locational analysis of processing activities, the factors affecting distribution channels, marketing patterns, the conservation of fish resources and principles of fisheries management.

3321. Geography of Fishing Activity. This course outlines the economic geography of fisheries. The topics covered include surveys of both commercial and non-commercial fisheries, the geography of fishing ports, areal dispersal of fishing gear, the marketing geography of marine produce and the problems of fishery development. Fish consumption patterns are also analyzed. This course may include field work.

Prerequisite: Geography 2302.

3325. Natural Resources. (Formerly 2320). An introduction to the concepts of natural resources, environment and conservation; the nature and distribution of natural resources; methods of use, allocation and development of natural resources and the role of various physical, social, economic, political and technological factors influencing decision-making about resources. (B)

Prerequisite: Geography 2302.

3340. Techniques of Regional Analysis. Introduction to some of the more common types of analysis of urban and regional systems.

Prerequisite: Geography 3303.

3350. Geographical Aspects of Regional Planning and Development. Theoretical approaches to the causes for change in the location of population and economic activity. Effects of government policy in regional development on the distribution of population and economic activity in industrialized nations.

Prerequisite: Geography 2302.

3400. Lands and Seas of the Northern North Atlantic. A comparative study of the marginal lands and seas of the Northern North Atlantic (parts of Eastern Canada including Newfoundland and Labrador, Greenland, Iceland, parts of Scandinavia and the British Isles) with emphasis on the history and ecology of population, settlement and resource use.

3405. Canada. (Formerly 2400). A regional geography of Canada, with emphasis on social, economic and political characteristics. The course is a core course in the Canadian Studies Major programme. This course is complementary to Geography 3100; students are encouraged to take both.

Prerequisites: Geography 2001, 2102 and 2302; or permission.

3410. Regional Geography of Europe.

Prerequisite: Geography 2001, 2102, 2302, or permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.

3415. Regional Geography of the British Isles.

Prerequisite: Geography 2001, 2102, 2302, or permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.

3420. Regional Geography of the Former U.S.S.R.

Prerequisite: Geography 2001, 2102, 2302, or permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.

3450. Regional Geography of South and Central America.

Prerequisite: Geography 2001, 2102, 2302, or permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.

3460. Regional Geography of the United States.

Prerequisite: Geography 2001, 2102, 2302, or permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.

3480. Regional Geography of Asia.

Prerequisite: Geography 2001, 2102, 2302, or permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.

3490. Regional Geography of Newfoundland.

Prerequisite: Geography 2001, 2102, 2302, or permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.

3500. Regional Geography of the Arctic.

Prerequisite: Geography 2001, 2102, 2302, or permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.

3510. Geography of the Seas. This course treats the oceans as a natural unit. In turn will be studied the physical characteristics of the seas, marine biogeography, the sea as a source of wealth and means of transport, the role of the sea in discovery and exploration, and geographical factors governing the evolution of sea empires.

Prerequisite: Geography 2102.

3610. Cultural Landscape. An investigation of human imprints on the land. Themes include architecture, settlement patterns, and the use of the land. (C)

Prerequisite: Geography 2001.

3620. Migration and Colonization. A study of population movements associated with colonization and frontier development. (C)

Prerequisite: Geography 2001.

3701. Urban Geography. An examination of the evolution, structure and dynamics of cities and urban systems. (B)

Prerequisites: Geography 2220 or Statistics 2500 or 2510; Geography 2302.

3800. Political Geography. An examination of the present pattern of political states and territories in relation to various physical and cultural factors in the geographic environment. The geographic backgrounds of current problems in domestic and international affairs. (C)

Prerequisite: Geography 2001.

3900-3909. Special Topics in Geography. Topics to be studied will be announced.

Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.

3990-3999. Special Topics in Geography. Topics to be studied will be announced.

Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.

4000. Research Seminar in Population Studies. The design, preparation and presentation of a specialized research topic in some aspect of population geography relative to a theme as determined by the Department of Geography.

Prerequisite: Geography 3000.

4005. Rural Settlement in an Urban World. (Formerly 2000 and 3005). A study of rural settlement patterns and problems in an urban-industrial world.

Prerequisites: Geography 2001 and at least one of 3000, 3010, 3290, 3610, 3620, 3800.

4010. Cultural Geography. Concepts and methods in the study of cultural geography.

Prerequisites: Geography 2001 and at least one of 3000, 3010, 3290, 3610, 3620, 3800.

4120. Applied Climatology (formerly 3121). Analysis of the impact of climatic environments and meteorological conditions upon agriculture, forestry, the hydro industry and the marine sector. Climatological considerations in the planning and design of urban areas and buildings.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisite: Geography 3120.

4130. Local and Micro-Climatology. An examination of the influence of small-scale variations in surface type upon thermal, moisture and airflow conditions, with special reference to the influence of vegetation cover, relief and urbanisation.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisites: Geography 3120; Mathematics 1000 or 1081.

4141. Glacial and Periglacial Geomorphology. Landforms, processes and sediments associated with cold environments where glaciers, permafrost and ground ice are, or have been, important geological agents.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisite: Geography 3150 or the former Earth Sciences 3700.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both 4141 and the former Earth Sciences 4701.

4150. Environmental Change and Quaternary Geography. Methods of reconstructing Quaternary environments; effects of Quaternary environmental change on landforms, with special reference to North America; development and characteristics of glacial and non-glacial climates.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisites: Geography 3110, 3150.

4160. Advanced Hydrology. Processes and analytical techniques in hydrology including flood frequency, groundwater flow and contaminant transport, and the hydrology of northern areas with special reference to permafrost and snowmelt. A combination of laboratory experimentation and fieldwork will provide data for supporting exercises.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisites: Geography 3110; Mathematics 1000 or 1081.

NOTE: Students who have received credit for 4180 in 1988-89 and 1989-90 will not receive credit for 4160.

4170. Advanced Biogeography. (Formerly 3141). Analytical and regional biogeography with emphasis on the fauna of Canada.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisite: Geography 3140.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Geography 4170 and Biology 4505.

4180. Seminar in Advanced Physical Geography. This course will provide senior students with the opportunity to immerse themselves in selected aspects of physical geography by the preparation of papers, their presentation and discussion.

Prerequisites: Three courses in physical Geography at the 3000-level and/or 4000-level.

4200. Applied Design in Cartography. An advanced course in cartographic techniques with particular emphasis on processes of map reproduction, the use of colour in map-making and in the representation of spatially varying quantities.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisite: Geography 3200.

4220. Advanced Quantitative Methods. Analytical techniques useful to the geographer. Topics include the description and analysis of spatial patterns using selected statistical techniques, building and testing dynamic spatial models, and the use of dynamic models for explanatory purposes.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisites: Geography 2220 and knowledge of a programming language.

4241. Research Seminar in Cartography. Formulation, conduct, and presentation of a research project dealing with some aspect of cartography.

Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.

4250. Environmental Image Analysis. Remote sensing techniques applied to various environmental problems. Techniques include selection of the system for data acquisition (airborne or satellite imagery), planning of a ground truth survey, and of data processing. Applications to high and low density urban areas, agricultural, forestry, coastal zone, oceanic, and environmental monitoring.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisite: Geography 3250.

4261. Advanced Techniques in Geographic Information Systems (GIS). GIS algorithms, data structures, advanced computational topics, and analysis of error.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisite: Geography 3260 and Mathematics 2050.

4262. Advanced Applications in Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Operational and management issues in GIS. Includes traditional planning and management theories and techniques of implementation.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisite: Geography 4261 or permission of the Head.

4290. Geographic Mapping Techniques Practicum. Practical experience with the geographic techniques of either cartography, remote sensing, or GIS. Students will serve as interns (6 hours/week) in either the Remote Sensing/GIS lab, in MUNCL, or in governmental or private agencies.

Prerequisites: Permission of instructor and the Head of the Department.

4291. Special Topics in Geographic Mapping Techniques. Current research issues in cartography, remote sensing and geographic information systems.

Prerequisites: Permission of instructor and the Head of the Department.

4292. Research Seminar in Geographic Mapping Techniques. Formulate, conduct, and present a research project pertaining to either cartography, remote sensing, or geographic information systems.

Prerequisites: Permission of instructor and the Head of the Department. Geography 4291 is strongly recommended.

4300. Fisheries Seminar I. Advanced seminar on the problems of man's activity in a marine environment with particular reference to the utilization of marine biological resources.

Prerequisite: Geography 3320.

4301. Fisheries Seminar II. A continuation of the subject matter of 3321 with specific reference to Newfoundland.

Prerequisite: Geography 3321.

4320. Regional Development Seminar. Preparation of papers on various aspects of development, their presentation and discussion.

Prerequisite: Geography 3303.

4390. Transportation Geography. Analysis of transportation systems, location of routes; flows and network efficiency. Models of systems, predictive and normative; simulation and empirical. Planning and the impact of change in systems. Mathematical programming approaches to transportation problem solving.

4400. Geographical Analysis of Resources. The geographic study of contemporary North American problems and issues in resources and their management. Emphasis will be placed on one or more of: air and water quality issues; lands and forest resources; energy resources; coastal zone resources. A number of substantive areas in resource analysis will be considered, including resource appraisal, landscape evaluation, and environmental impact assessment.

Prerequisite: Geography 3325.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Geography 4400 and the former 3300 or 3301.

4405. Outdoor Recreational Resources and Planning. An introduction to the major themes and techniques in the study of outdoor recreation. A theoretical framework will provide a base for the evaluation of the complex issues involved in managing a physical resource for recreational purposes. North American examples will be emphasised.

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisite: Geography 3325.

Credit may not be obtained for both Geography 4405 and Geography 4909.

4410. Research Seminar in Resources. This course offers the opportunity to undertake advanced work in a number of resource sectors such as energy, fisheries, forests, lands, air and water. The emphasis will be on learning through experience. Students will be expected to initiate and complete suitable research projects in close consultation with faculty involved.

Prerequisites: Geography 3325.

4600. Historical Geography. A study of concepts and methods in historical geography. Themes are: the role of the physical environment in history; the impact of man on nature; the initiation and evolution of man-made landscapes; and the reconstruction of the geography of past periods.

Prerequisites: Geography 2001 and at least one of 3000, 3010,

3290, 3610, 3620, 3800.

4640. Historical Geography of Canada. (Formerly 3240). This course explains the geographical dimensions of Canada, past and present, in terms of spatial origins and processes of geographical change in the population, economy and landscape of the country. Themes will include: changing perceptions of the environment; the historical demography of immigration and initial settlement; the reconstruction of past regional geographies; the sequent occupance of particular regions; the human alteration of the natural landscape.

Prerequisites: Geography 2001 and at least one of 3000, 3010, 3290, 3610, 3620, 3800. Students in the Canadian Studies Major are not required to satisfy these prerequisites, but should normally have completed Geography 3405 (formerly 2400).

4690. Research Seminar in the Historical Geography of Newfoundland. The design, preparation and presentation of a specialized topic in some aspect of the historical geography of Newfoundland. Themes to be announced by the Department of Geography.

Prerequisite: Geography 3290.

4700. Seminar in Advanced Urban Geography. This course will provide senior students with the opportunity to immerse themselves in the analysis of a small number of problems related to contemporary urban structure and growth.

Prerequisite: Geography 3701.

4900-4919. Special Topics in Geography. Topics to be offered will be announced by the Department of Geography.

Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department of Geography.

4990. Nature of Geography. An examination of the major philosophical issues in the nature of geography and recent changes in geographical method. Particular emphasis will be placed on the implications of the quantitative, systems, behavioural and ecological approaches in geography, the use of models, the place of theory and the study of process in geography.

This course is primarily intended for Honours students.

4999. Dissertation, Honours Degree.

GERMAN AND RUSSIAN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

GERMAN

GENERAL DEGREE

All candidates who did not matriculate in German will begin their study with Elementary German I (1000). No candidate shall be given credit for both the Elementary German (1000 and 1001) and Reading German (2030 and 2031) courses, nor shall any candidate be given credit for both the Intermediate German (2010 and 2011) and Scientific German (2020 and 2021) courses.

Candidates majoring in German must comply with the University Regulations for Undergraduates and arrange their programme in consultation with the Head of the Department. They will normally be required to complete a minimum of 36 credit hours in German including German 2900, 2901, 3900, 3901, and at least six credit hours in literature courses at the 4000 level.

A Minor in German will consist of a minimum of 24 credit hours and will include German 3010 and 3011.

Students should note that 2910, 3911, 3912, 3913, will not normally count towards a Major or Minor in German.

The following courses 2030, 2031, 2900, 2901, 2910, 3911, 3912 and 3913, may not be used as part of the Faculty of Arts requirement of six credit hours in a second language.

HONOURS DEGREE

Candidates wishing to take an Honours degree in German must arrange their programme in consultation with the Head of the Department. They will be required to comply with the University regulations for Honours degrees, to take a minimum of 60 credit hours in German with at least a 'B' standing, and to write a comprehensive examination or present a dissertation in their final year. Candidates reading German in a Joint Honours degree programme will take a minimum of 42 credit hours in German with at least a 'B' standing.

It is highly desirable that, during their course of study, all Honours candidates spend at least one summer vacation in a German-speaking community.

COURSE LIST

1000. Elementary German I (F), (W) & (S). A course intended to give beginners the fundamentals of German grammar and a basic knowledge of the spoken and written language.

1001. Elementary German II (F), (W) & (S). A continuation of Elementary German I with the same basic text.

Prerequisite: German 1000.

2010. Intermediate German I (F) & (W). This course is mainly a completion and thorough review of the fundamentals of German grammar and their application to supplementary texts. The primary aim of the course is to develop language skills.

Prerequisites: German 1000 and 1001 or equivalent.

2011. Intermediate German II (F) & (W). This course continues the development of language skills undertaken in 2010, with greater emphasis on reading.

Prerequisites: German 2010 or consent of the Head of the Department.

2020. Scientific German I (F). An alternative intermediate course devised mainly for Science students. Reading of scientific and technical texts, supplemented by a systematic and thorough discussion of grammatical difficulties in German scientific literature.

Prerequisites: German 1000 and 1001 or equivalent.

2021. Scientific German II (W). Continuation of Scientific German I.

Prerequisites: German 2020.

2030. Reading German I (F). In this course training will be given in reading scholarly German for senior undergraduate and graduate students with no previous knowledge of German, for whom this work is recommended or required by other departments or faculties.

NOTE: This course may be taken only with the permission of the Head of the Department and may not constitute a part of a Major or Minor in German.

2031. Reading German II (W). A continuation of Reading German I. In this course an attempt will be made to meet individual requirements.

Prerequisite: German 2030.

2510. Intermediate Composition and Conversation I (F). The goal of this course is to increase fluency in speaking and writing German.

Prerequisites: German 1000 and 1001.

2511. Intermediate Composition and Conversation II (W). Continuation of Intermediate Composition and Conversation I.

Prerequisite: German 2510 or consent of the Head of the Department.

2900. Introduction to German Cultural History I (F). A study of the major cultural trends and movements of German-speaking Europe to the beginnings of the modern age. Lectures are given in English.

2901. Introduction to German Cultural History II (W). A study of the major cultural trends and movements of German-speaking Europe in the modern age. Lectures are given in English.

2910. Myths of the North. A study of the major myths of the Celtic and Germanic peoples as embodied in the literary and artistic remains of the early history of Northern Europe, and of the influence of these myths on later art and literature. Lectures and readings in English.

3010. Advanced German I (F). This course aims at a high level of accomplishment in German pronunciation, composition and translation through practice in the spoken language, written exercises and the reading of more difficult literary material.

Prerequisites: German 2010 and 2011 or German 2020 and 2021.

3011. Advanced German II (W). Continuation of Advanced German I, with the same texts.

Prerequisites: German 3010 or consent of the Head of the Department.

3510. Advanced Composition and Conversation I (F). This course is mainly designed for students majoring in German and should be taken jointly with the Advanced German course. Its aims are to perfect accuracy and fluency in written and spoken German.

Prerequisites: German 2510 and 2511.

3511. Advanced Composition and Conversation II (W). Continuation of Advanced Composition and Conversation I.

Prerequisites: German 2510 and 2511.

3900. Survey of German Literature I (F). A study of the chief periods of German literature based on works of representative authors. A general survey from the earliest works to 1805.

Prerequisites: German 3010 and 3011 or consent of the Head of the Department.

3901. Survey of German Literature II (W). A study of the chief periods of German literature based on works of representative authors. A general survey from 1805 to the present.

Prerequisites: German 3010 and 3011 or consent of the Head of the Department.

3911. Faust and the Magus Tradition. A study of the legend of Faust's pact with the devil from the Middle Ages to the present in art, music and literature, and its influence on various cultures in both Europe and America. Lectures and readings in English.

3912. Modern German Literature in Translation I (F). A study of the works of some major modern German authors. Lectures and readings in English.

3913. Modern German Literature in Translation II (W). A study of the works of some major modern German authors. Lectures and readings in English.

4000. German Literature of the Eighteenth Century I (F). A study of the historical and cultural background of the eighteenth century, of Enlightenment and Storm and Stress. Reading and discussion of representative works with emphasis on Lessing, Goethe and Schiller.

Prerequisites: German 3010 and 3011 or consent of the Head of the Department.

4001. German Literature of the Eighteenth Century II (W). A study of the historical and cultural background of the eighteenth century, of Storm and Stress and Classicism. Reading and discussion of representative works with emphasis on Goethe and Schiller.

Prerequisites: German 3010 and 3011 or consent of the Head of the Department.

4010. Advanced Stylistics I (F). Specialized study of the more complex areas of German grammar, style, and idiomatic usage, involving intensive practice in composition and oral expression, and focused on detailed work with contemporary cultural materials such as newspapers, television, and film.

Prerequisites: German 3010 and 3011 or consent of the Head of the Department.

4011. Advanced Stylistics II (W). Continuation of Advanced Stylistics I.

Prerequisite: German 4010 or consent of the Head of the Department.

4100. German Literature of the 19th Century I (F). A study of the leading exponents of nineteenth-century literature, including the background of Romanticism and the young Germany movement.

Prerequisites: German 3010 and 3011 or consent of the Head of the Department.

4101. German Literature of the 19th Century II (W). A study of the leading exponents of nineteenth-century literature, including the background of Poetic Realism and Naturalism.

Prerequisites: German 3010 and 3011 or consent of the Head of the Department.

4200. German Literature of the Twentieth Century I (F). The purpose of this course is to trace the important literary movements up to 1945, using a number of representative authors. Reading of selected dramas, novels, poems and short stories.

Prerequisites: German 3010 and 3011 or consent of the Head of the Department.

4201. German Literature of the Twentieth Century II (W). The purpose of this course is to trace the important post 1945 literary movements, using a number of representative authors. Reading of selected dramas, novels, poems and short stories.

Prerequisites: German 3010 and 3011 or consent of the Head of the Department.

4300. Middle High German Language and Literature I (F). An introduction to the German language, literature and culture of the eleventh to fifteenth centuries: historical linguistics, Middle High German grammar and the court epic.

Prerequisites: German 3010 and 3011 or consent of the Head of the Department.

4301. Middle High German Language and Literature II (W). An introduction to the German language, literature and culture of the eleventh to fifteenth centuries: the heroic epic and lyric poetry of the mediaeval period.

Prerequisites: German 4300 or consent of the Head of the Department.

4400. Early Modern German Literature I (F). Reading, interpretation and critical analysis of representative works of German literature written in the Age of Reformation and the early Baroque period.

Prerequisites: German 3010 and 3011 or consent of the Head of the Department.

4401. Early Modern German Literature II (W). Reading, interpretation and critical analysis of representative works of German literature written in the late Baroque period.

Prerequisites: German 3010 and 3011 or consent of the Head of the Department.

4800. Special Topics in German Studies I (F).

4801. Special Topics in German Studies II (W).

4998. Comprehensive Examination for Honours Students.

4999. Dissertation for Honours Students.

RUSSIAN

Russian 1000 and 1001 are prerequisites for all other Russian courses except Russian 2030, 2031, 2600, 2601, 2900, 2901 and 3910.

Russian 2600, 2601, 2900, 2901 and 3910 may not be used as part of the Faculty of Arts requirement of six credit hours in a second language.

RUSSIAN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE MAJOR PROGRAMME

A Major in Russian consists of a minimum of 36 credit hours in Russian, including Russian 2900, 2901, 3010 and 3011, as well as six credit hours in courses at the 4000 level. Students are encouraged to take Russian 2030 and 2031 concurrently with Russian 1000 and 1001.

RUSSIAN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE MINOR PROGRAMME

A Minor in Russian consists of a minimum of 24 credit hours in Russian, including Russian 2900, 2901, 3010 and 3011.

Students should note that credit for courses 2600 and 2601 will not normally count towards a Major or Minor in Russian Language and Literature.

RUSSIAN STUDIES MINOR

A Minor in Russian Studies is offered as a special programme of an interdisciplinary nature, consisting of a minimum of 24 credit hours, namely 12 credit hours in Russian and 12 in at least two disciplines, to be chosen in consultation with the Head of Department of German and Russian from the following course offerings:

Geography 3420. Regional Geography of the U.S.S.R.
History 3350. Imperial Russia
History 3360. Revolutionary and Soviet Russia
Philosophy 3890. Marxism and Human Freedom
Political Science 3020. Marxism and its Variants
Political Science 3320. Communist Political Systems
Sociology 3710. Post-Soviet Society

and other such courses as may be added to the list from time to time by the Faculty of Arts Undergraduate Studies Committee.

COURSE LIST

1000. Elementary Russian I (F). A course intended to give beginners the fundamentals of Russian grammar and a basic knowledge of the spoken and written language.

1001. Elementary Russian II (W). A continuation of Elementary Russian I with the same basic text and a reader.

Prerequisite: Russian 1000 or equivalent.

2010. Intermediate Russian I (F). The aim of this course is to continue the linguistic study begun in the first year and to introduce students to Russian texts from literature or newspapers.

Prerequisites: Russian 1000 and 1001 or equivalent.

2011. Intermediate Russian II (W). Continuation of Intermediate Russian I.

Prerequisites: Russian 1000 and 1001 or equivalent.

2030. Russian for Reading I (F). This course is specifically designed for those who wish to gain a reading knowledge of Russian relevant to their professional, business or academic disciplines and relevant knowledge of life in contemporary Russia. It is intended for senior undergraduate or graduate students, as well as professionals and business people. No previous knowledge of Russian is required.

2031. Russian for Reading II (W). A continuation of Russian for Reading I, this course aims for complete control of the grammar, as well as accuracy and speed in translating expository prose with the aid of a dictionary. Some time will be set aside for individual meetings with the instructor during which the student will bring translation work in his own field.

Prerequisite: Russian 2030 or 1001, or permission of the Head of the Department.

2510. Intermediate Composition and Conversation I (F). The goal of this course is to increase fluency in speaking and writing Russian.

2511. Intermediate Composition and Conversation II (W). A continuation of Russian 2510.

2600. Russian Literature in Translation: Nineteenth Century. A study of selected works of Russian authors including Pushkin, Lermontov, Gogol, Turgenev, Tolstoy, Dostoyevsky, Chekhov.

2601. Russian Literature in Translation: Twentieth Century. A study of selected works of Russian authors of the pre-revolutionary, Soviet and post-Soviet periods.

2900. Russian Culture I. A study of the evolution of Russian culture and Russian intellectual history until 1917. Lectures regularly supplemented by examples of Russian art, music and film. No prerequisite. Lectures are given in English.

2901. Russian Culture II. A study of the evolution of culture in the USSR and during the post-Soviet period. Insights into the social and political character of pre- and post-revolutionary Russia. Lectures regularly supplemented by examples of Russian art, music and film. No prerequisite. Lectures are given in English.

3010. Advanced Russian I (F). An advanced study of literary texts and grammar, composition and translation with practice in the spoken language.

Prerequisites: Russian 2010 and 2011.

3011. Advanced Russian II (W). Continuation of Advanced Russian I with the reading and discussion of selected texts from Russian short stories, magazines and newspapers.

Prerequisites: Russian 2010 and 2011.

3900. Survey of Russian Literature I (F). A study of masterpieces by representative Russian authors of poetry and prose with particular emphasis on stylistic characteristics of the authors studied and the evolution of the Russian literary language.

Prerequisite: One of Russian 2011, 2511, 3011, or permission of the Head of the Department.

3901. Survey of Russian Literature II (W). A continuation of Russian 3900. A study of masterpieces by representative Russian authors of poetry, prose, and drama.

Prerequisite: One of Russian 2011, 2511, 3011, or permission of the Head of the Department.

3910. The Post-Soviet Era. This course is designed to study the relationship between radical changes in Russia since 1985 and the effects of perestroika and glasnost on Russian literature, journalism, film and Russian cultural life of the post-Soviet era.

No prerequisites, lectures are given in English.

4100. Russian Literature of the Nineteenth Century I. A study of major Russian authors, including Pushkin, Lermontov, and Gogol.

Prerequisite: One of Russian 2011, 2511, 3011, or permission of the Head of the Department.

4101. Russian Literature of the Nineteenth Century II. A study of major Russian authors of the second half of the century, including Tolstoy, Dostoyevsky, and Chekhov.

Prerequisite: One of Russian 2011, 2511, 3011, or permission of the Head of the Department.

4200. Russian Literature of the Twentieth Century I. A study of major authors including Gorky, Babel, Blok, Bely, and Mayakovsky.

Prerequisite: One of Russian 2011, 2511, 3011, or permission of the Head of the Department.

4201. Russian Literature of the Twentieth Century II. A study of major Russian authors of the Soviet period including Sholokhov, Pasternak, Evtushenko, and Solzhenitsyn.

Prerequisite: One of Russian 2011, 2511, 3011, or permission of the Head of the Department.

4800. Special Topics in Russian Studies I.

4801. Special Topics in Russian Studies II.

HISTORY

GENERAL DEGREE

1. See the General Regulations for the B.A. Degree.

2. Either of the sequences History 1000 and 1001 or 1100* and 1101* are the introductions to all History courses and are mandatory for students undertaking a Minor, Major or Honours Degree in History. These courses are designed primarily for first-year students. Third and fourth-year students, taking History courses as electives or to satisfy Faculty of Arts regulation 2, are encouraged to enrol in the department's second-year courses. Students cannot receive credit for more than one of History 1000, 1050, or 1100*; nor can they receive credit for more than one of History 1001, 1051, or 1101*.

3. All students who Major in History will be assisted by a faculty advisor who will help them in planning their academic programmes. It is essential that students register with the Department at an early stage of their studies.

4. MAJOR IN HISTORY

Students who undertake a Major in History must complete History 1000 or History 1100* and History 1001 or History 1101*, and an additional 30 credit hours in History, including:

a) At least 12 credit hours in courses with the initial digit '2'.
b) Students should complete at least nine credit hours in courses with the initial digit '2' before registering in a course with the initial digit '3'. Students should obtain advice on the appropriate courses from their faculty advisor.
c) At least six credit hours in courses with the initial digit '3'.
d) A student should complete at least three credit hours in courses with the initial digit '3' before registering in a course with the initial digit '4'.
e) At least six credit hours in courses with the initial digit '4'.
f) The following courses may not be used to meet the requirements for a Major in History: 4480, 4800, 4821, 4822, 4998, and 4999.
g) No more than 15 transfer credit hours in History may be used to fulfil the requirements for a Major in History.

5. MINOR IN HISTORY

Students who undertake a Minor in History must complete History 1000 or History 1100* and History 1001 or History 1101*, and an additional 18 credit hours in History, including:

a) At least nine credit hours in courses with the initial digit '2'.
b) Students should complete at least six credit hours in courses with the initial digit '2' before registering in a course with the initial digit '3'.
c) At least three credit hours in courses with the initial digit '3'.
d) Students are encouraged to complete at least three credit hours in courses with the initial digit '4'.
e) No more than nine transfer credit hours in History may be used to fulfil the requirements for a Minor in History.

6. Specialization in Maritime History

The Department of History offers a specialization in Maritime History. Recommended courses include History 2100, History 2110, History 3670, History 3680, History 3690, and six credit hours from History 4670-4690.

* For descriptions of History 1100 and 1101, see the separate section under Sir Wilfred Grenfell College.

HONOURS DEGREE

1. Students intending to take an Honours Degree with a Major in History must comply with the General Regulations for the Honours degree of Bachelor of Arts.

2. For consideration as entrants during the Fall Semester, students must make application by 30 June; for the Winter Semester, by 1 November. Applications received after 30 June will be considered for the Winter Semester; applications received after 1 November will be considered for the next Fall Semester. Students intending to complete an Honours degree in History will be assisted by a faculty advisor who will help them in planning their academic programmes. The academic programmes for Honours students must be approved by the Head or delegate.

3. Students are required to complete a minimum of 60 credit hours in History, 45 chosen in accordance with the pattern enunciated in the Departmental General Degree Regulation No. 4 above. In addition, students must complete History 3840 (or the former 4801), 4800, 4821, 4822, and one of 4998 or 4999, each with a grade of "B" or better.

4. Students electing Joint Honours are required to complete a minimum of 51 credit hours in History, 39 chosen in accordance with the pattern enunciated in the Departmental General Degree Regulation No. 4 above. In addition, students must complete History 3840 (or the former 4801), 4800, 4821 and 4822, each with a grade of "B" or better. If the candidate chooses to do the Honours Essay 4999 or Comprehensive Examination 4998 in History, it must be passed with a grade of "B" or better.

5. No more than 27 transfer credit hours may be included in the minimum 60 credit hours required for the Honours degree in History.

NOTE: Normally, an Honours degree is required for those entering graduate studies. However, students taking a B.A. degree may enter graduate studies after completing History 3840 (or the former 4801), 4800, 4821, or equivalents.

COURSE LIST

1000. Introduction to History. An introduction to the study and writing of history based on a thematic approach to world history in the modern era before 1914.

1001. Introduction to History. An introduction to the study and writing of history based on a thematic approach to world history in the twentieth century.

Prerequisite: History 1000.

1070. A History of Canada's Native Peoples. An examination of the history of Canadian native peoples from the arrival of Europeans to the present. This course is designed for students in the T.E.P.L. Certificate Programme and the Bachelor of Education (Native and Northern) Programme.

2020. Introduction to Ancient History. An introduction to the history of ancient city-states, kingdoms and empires, including economic, social, political and cultural developments.

2035. History of Classical Greece. (Same as Classics 2035). A survey of Greek history from the Bronze Age to the death of Alexander the Great, with special reference to the social and political institutions of the fifth century B.C.

NOTE: Students who have completed History/Classics 2030 since 1985-86 or the former History/Classics 3910 may not also receive credit for History/Classics 2035.

2040. History of Rome. (Same as Classics 2040). A survey of Roman history from the early monarchy to the reign of Constantine, with special reference to society and politics in the late Republic and early Empire.

NOTE: Students who have completed History/Classics 3920 may not also receive credit for History 2040.

2100. North Atlantic History to 1820. A survey of the major themes in the history of the North Atlantic region from the discovery of the New World to 1820. Emphasis will be placed on Social and Economic History.

2110. North Atlantic History Since 1820. A survey of the relations among the regions of the North Atlantic since 1820. Emphasis will be placed on Social and Economic History.

2200. Canadian History: 1497-1867. A survey of Canadian History from the era of discovery to Confederation.

2210. Canada Since 1867. A survey of Canadian History since Confederation.

2300. Introduction to Modern European History: 1500-1789. An introduction to the main issues and problems in early modern European History with an emphasis on the political, social, economic and cultural developments from the sixteenth through the eighteenth century.

2310. Europe in the Nineteenth Century: 1789-1914. A survey of the economic, social, political and cultural developments of Europe from 1789-1914.

2320. Medieval Europe to 1050. (Same as MST 2001) A survey of the economic, social, political and cultural developments of the early Middle Ages.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both History 2320 and the former History 2030.

2330. Medieval Europe, 1050 to the Reformation. (Same as MST 2002) A survey of the economic, social, political and cultural developments of Europe in the high and late Middle Ages.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both History 2330 and the former History 2030.

2500. The Twentieth Century, I. A study of the world-wide impact of the main events and developments in the age of global interdependence.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both History 2500 and the former History 3700.

2510. The Twentieth Century, II. An historical analysis of the main issues in the contemporary world since 1945.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both History 2510 and the former History 3710.

2700. Art History Survey I. (Same as Visual Arts 2700) The history of art from pre-historic times to the Renaissance.

2701. Art History Survey II. (Same as Visual Arts 2701) The history of art from the Renaissance to the 20th century.

3011-3020. Special Topics in Ancient and Medieval History. Specialized studies in Ancient and Medieval History. Topics to be studied will be announced in the History Department brochure.

3050. History of Warfare to 1789. A survey of major developments in the history of warfare from the earliest times to 1789 with particular emphasis on changes in the nature and conduct of warfare, the evolution of military thinking, the organization of military and naval forces, the impact of technological change, the emergence of professionalism and the relationship between societies and armed forces.

3060. History of Modern Warfare since 1789. An examination of those major developments which have affected the nature and conduct of warfare in the period since 1789, with particular emphasis on the evolution of military thinking, the impact of technology on organization and planning, the role of air power, the civil-military relationship, professionalism in the armed forces, and the changing nature of warfare: the emergence of total war, global war, guerilla warfare, and limited warfare.

3100. History of the Maritime Provinces of Canada Since 1600. The evolution of the varied societies in the Maritime provinces from the beginning of permanent European settlement.

3110. History of Newfoundland to 1815. The growth of settlement and the manner in which a 'migratory' fishery carried on from England and Ireland changed into a 'sedentary' fishery carried on by residents of Newfoundland.

3120. Modern Newfoundland Since 1815. The establishment and development of political institutions, changes in economic structure and the growth of populations.

3130. History of French Canada Since 1791. A discussion of political, social, economic, cultural and religious developments from the Canada Act to the present.

3140. Social History of the Canadian Worker to 1896. An examination of the transition to industrial capitalism in Canada and the emergence of a working class in the nineteenth century. Topics include pre-industrial work, the development of trade unions, strikes, immigration, poverty, violence, women at work, working-class culture, labour in politics, and the emergence of socialism.

3150. Social History of the Canadian Worker since 1896. The development of the Canadian working-class movement from 1896 to the present is the theme of this course. Topics include changes in the organization of work, immigration, problems in trade union organization, industrial conflict, labour in politics, women and trade unions, the role of the state in industrial relations, the growth of white collar and public sector unionism, and working-class culture in mass society.

3170. History of the Caribbean. Selected aspects of the History of the Caribbean area with emphasis on the Caribbean as part of the North Atlantic region.

3230. History of the United States of America: 1763-1865. A survey of the History of the United States of America from the origins of the independence movement through the Civil War.

3240. History of the United States of America Since 1865. A survey of the History of the United States of America since the Civil War.

3250. Migration History of North America. A survey of migration to and within North America from the seventeenth to the twentieth century.

3270. Christianity and the Roman Empire. (Same as Classics 3270 and Religious Studies 3270). A study of the relationship between Christianity and the Roman Empire from the first to the fourth century.

3330. France: 1750-1852. France from the decline of the Old Regime to the end of the Second Republic.

3340. France Since 1852. France from the beginning of the Second Empire to the present.

3350. Imperial Russia. Russian History from the rise of Moscow and the Petrine Empire to World War I.

3360. Revolutionary and Soviet Russia. Russian History from the 1917 Revolutions to the emergence of the USSR as a super power.

3370. German History I, to the Mid-Nineteenth Century. The History of the peoples and states of the Holy Roman Empire of the German nation and the Germanic Confederation with emphasis on the origins of modern Germany.

3380. German History II, Since the Mid-Nineteenth Century. The History of German-speaking central Europe with special reference to the evolution of modern Germany since the mid-nineteenth century.

3440. History of the British Empire and Commonwealth since 1815. The transition from British Empire to Commonwealth of Nations.

3450. British History: 1485-1714. The emergence of Britain under the Tudors and early Stuart monarchs.

3460. British History Since 1714. British History from the accession of the Hanoverians to the welfare state.

3480. History of Ireland, 1603 to the Great Famine. A survey of Irish history from Hugh O'Neill's submission to the English in 1603 to the mid-nineteenth century disaster of the Great Famine.

3490. History of Ireland Since the Great Famine. A survey of Irish history from the mid-nineteenth century to the present.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both History 3490 and the former History 3470.

3515. Prehistory of Mesoamerica. (Same as Anthropology 3515). When the Spanish explorers arrived in Mesoamerica (i.e., Mexico and Guatemala of today) they discovered rich and complex civilizations that had developed independently of European or Asian influence. This course traces the development of Mesoamerican civilizations from their known origins to the point at which growth was terminated by Spanish intervention.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 2480.

3520. The Early Ethnohistory of North America's Native People. (Same as Anthropology 3520). The North American native response to early European contact and initial settlement. Particular attention will be paid to cultural change resulting from the adoption of European goods, participation in the fur trade, the introduction of European disease, and the adaptation to a permanent European presence.

3525. The Later Ethnohistory of North America's Native People. (Same as Anthropology 3525). Indian and Inuit cultural history of the 18th and 19th centuries, including the fur trade, resistance and accommodation to European expansion, the emergence of revitalization movements, demographic changes, and population shifts. Special emphasis will be placed on the ethnohistory of the native peoples of what is now Canada and northern United States.

3530. History of Modern Latin America. Latin American History since the movements for independence.

3540. History of China. An examination of the History of China primarily during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This course will also trace the cultural and philosophical heritage of the Chinese people.

3545. History of Modern Japan. An examination of the history of Japan during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries with emphasis on the period following the Second World War. This course will also trace the cultural heritage of the Japanese people.

3550. History of India. An examination of the History of India, emphasizing the era of British rule and the nonviolent struggle for freedom in the twentieth century. The course will also trace the cultural and religious heritage of the Indian people.

3555. Methods and Materials in Historical Archaeology. (Same as Anthropology 3555). This is a combination lecture and laboratory course designed to acquaint students with the analysis of artifacts and other evidence from historical archaeological sites. It is ordinarily intended to follow Anthropology 3480, Field and Laboratory Techniques in Archaeology.

3570. The Modern Middle East. An examination of the peoples and states of the Middle East and their interaction with each other and with the great powers since the mid-nineteenth century.

3580. South Africa Since 1815. A history of South Africa from the British acquisition of the Cape to the present.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both History 3580 and the former History 3809.

3585. Tropical Africa Since 1800. A history of subSaharan black Africa from the slave trade era to postcolonial times.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both History 3585 and the former History 3814.

3600. Industrial Revolutions of the 18th and 19th Centuries. (Same as Economics 3600.) The first industrial revolution in England from its origins, and industrialization in selected parts of the world during the 19th century.

3610. International Economic History of the 19th and 20th Centuries. (Same as Economics 3610.) The economic relationships between Europe and the rest of the world in the 19th and 20th centuries; the shift in the centre of economic power from Europe to North America in the 20th century.

3620. Canadian Economic History to the End of the 19th Century. (Same as Economics 3620.) Economic development from European contact to the establishment of a national economy.

3630. Canadian Economic History in the 20th Century. (Same as Economics 3630.) The economic development of Canada from the wheat economy through the `new industrialization' to the present.

3650. Canadian Business History. An examination of the major developments of Canadian business history: the development of business practices and organization; the relation between business and the state; the development of government policy toward business; and the historical role of business men and women in Canadian society.

3660. The Scientific Revolution. The change from the Aristotelian-Ptolemaic to the Newtonian world view with special emphasis on the work of Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, Descartes and Newton.

3670. Maritime History in the Age of Discovery, 1450-1650. The maritime expansion of Europe, considered in its technological, economic, naval, and social dimensions, 1400-1650.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both History 3670 and the former History 3802.

3680. Maritime History of the North Atlantic, 1650-1850. The maritime mercantile development of the countries on the Atlantic littoral, 1650-1850.

3690. Maritime History of the North Atlantic from 1850. The maritime mercantile development of the countries on the Atlantic littoral, 1850 to the present.

3700. Art History: The Italian Renaissance. (Same as Visual Arts 3700) An overview of the art and architecture of Renaissance Italy with an emphasis upon the historical context in which art was produced.

3701. Art History: The Renaissance Outside Italy. (Same as Visual Arts 3701) The Renaissance outside Italy from the late 14th century and the international style through the 16th century.

3740-3750. Studies in Modern Social and Intellectual History. Selected studies in the history of modern ideas and society. Aspects to be studied will be announced in the History Department brochure.

3760. Women in Western Society and Culture, (I). A survey of major developments in the history of women from the fifteenth through the eighteenth centuries. The major themes addressed are: cultural and religious assumptions about women; demographic changes; women's work roles; women's participation in religious and political movements.

3770. Women in Western Society and Culture, (II). Selected themes in the history of women in the modern period with a focus on cultural attitudes toward women, demographic trends affecting women, the impact of changing economic roles, and the development of feminism.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both History 3770 and the former History 3761.

3800-3830. Contemporary Problems in Historical Perspective. An analysis of developments leading to a contemporary issue or problem selected each year or semester. Aspects to be studied will be announced in the History Department brochure.

3840. Historical Methods (W). An introduction to the methods and practices of history in the modern era. This course is compulsory for Honours students and recommended for Majors, including those intending to apply for graduate studies.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both History 3840 and the former History 4801.

3860. Vernacular Architecture. (Same as Folklore 3860 and Anthropology 3860.) An historical survey of vernacular architectural forms in various regions of North America, with attention to Newfoundland materials. Issues discussed include the relationship of house form and culture, the concepts of antecedents, diffusion, innovation, and evolution of building forms and technologies, and the siting of buildings in the landscape. Dwelling houses, outbuildings, churches and industrial vernacular architecture will be included.

3999. Quantitative Approach in Historical Writing. A study of historical explanation with particular emphasis on quantitative methodology. The emphasis will be on the intelligent interpretation of quantitative historical argument rather than the conduct of research.

4000-4010. Special Topics in Ancient and Medieval History. Specialized studies in Ancient and Medieval History. Aspects to be studied will be announced in the History Department brochure.

4110-4130. Special Topics in North Atlantic History. Specialized studies in the History of the North Atlantic. Aspects to be studied will be announced in the History Department brochure.

4210-4229. Special Topics in North American History. Specialized studies in the History of North America. Aspects to be studied will be announced in the History Department brochure.

4230. Special Topics in Newfoundland History I. Specialized studies in the History of Newfoundland to the mid-nineteenth century.

4231. Special Topics in Newfoundland History II. Specialized studies in the History of Newfoundland since the mid-nineteenth century.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both History 4231 and Political Science 4731.

4240-4260. Special Topics in Canadian History. Specialized studies in Canadian history. Aspects to be studied will be announced in the History Department brochure.

4310-4330. Special Topics in European History. Specialized studies in the History of Europe. Aspects to be studied will be announced in the History Department brochure.

4410-4430. Historical Problems. Specialized studies in historical problems. Aspects to be studied will be announced in the History Department brochure.

4480. Folklore and Oral History. (Same as Folklore 4480.) This seminar deals with the uses of oral (and aural) sources, particularly those which have a traditional dimension, for the study of History. It will discuss the methods developed by Vansina, Dorson and others for evaluating the historical meaning of oral traditions in literate and non-literate cultures. The use of oral traditions in the study of traditional modes of life and work such as fishing and farming will be considered. The use of oral traditions in the study of social and political history will also be discussed.

4520-4529. Special Topics in Economic and Mercantile History. Specialized studies in Economic and Mercantile History. Aspects to be studied will be announced in the History Department brochure.

4560-4570. Special Topics in Social and Intellectual History. Specialized studies in Social and Intellectual History. Aspects to be studied will be announced in the History Department brochure.

4670-4690. Special Topics in Maritime History. Specialized studies in Maritime History. Aspects to be studied will be announced in the History Department brochure.

4730. Art History: Modern Art I. (Same as Visual Arts 4730) A comprehensive survey of Western art from 1750 to 1885 with an emphasis on painting and sculpture.

4731. Art History: Modern Art II. (Same as Visual Arts 4731) A comprehensive survey of Western art from 1885 to the present day.

4800. Historiography (F). An introduction to the major historians and historiographical traditions of the West. This course is for Honours students and other selected students, including those intending to apply for graduate studies.

Prerequisite: Permission of the Head of Department

4810. Documents Management. Introduction to the management of records and documents, both official and private.

4821. (F) & (W) Reading Course. Directed reading course for Honours and selected students including those intending to apply for graduate studies. Readings will be taken from a list of works by historians, or social theorists whose works are related to history or the historical process.

Prerequisite: Permission of the Head of Department.

4822. Reading Course. Directed reading course for Honours and selected students. The readings will be chosen in such a way as to supplement a student's knowledge of his/her area of specialization and, where appropriate, to prepare the student for the honours essay. If a student intends to complete History 4999, a proposal for the honours essay will be a requirement of the course.

Prerequisite: Permission of the Head of Department.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both History 4822 and the former History 4820.

4830-4850. Reading Courses. Directed reading courses for selected B.A. students. Students MUST receive approval of Department Head or delegate BEFORE registering for these courses.

4998. Honours Comprehensive Examination.

Prerequisite: History 4822.

4999. Honours Essay.

Prerequisite: History 4822.

LAW AND SOCIETY

Programme Co-ordinator: C. English, Department of History

The programme listed below is an interdisciplinary programme intended to encourage students to examine different facets of law and its role in society. It is neither a pre-law programme nor one offering a certificate or qualification in legal studies. The minor programme and courses will acquaint and confront students with different aspects of the history, philosophical basis, and role of law in modern society. The minor includes both courses which deal explicitly with law (e.g., Canadian Constitutional Law, International Law, History of Law, Criminal Justice), and courses in social and political theory and the role of law and its norms in diverse settings (e.g., S/A 3240 Regional Studies: Contemporary Native Peoples of Canada). Law and Society 2000 and Law and Society 4000 are intended to integrate the material and provide a common focus at both the beginning and the end of the programme.

As is the case in any interdisciplinary programme, it will be up to the students to ensure that they have the necessary prerequisites to complete the programme. For purposes of entry into the courses offered by participating departments, heads will be asked to treat these students on the same basis as their own majors.

REGULATIONS

A Minor programme in Law and Society will consist of a minimum of 24 credit hours in courses selected according to the stipulations below:

1. Candidates for the minor must complete a minimum of 30 university credit hours including Law and Society 2000 before applying for the programme. The prerequisite for Law and Society 2000 is completion of at least 18 university credit hours.

2. Candidates should apply in writing to the Law and Society Committee through the Programme Coordinator.

3. In addition to Law and Society 2000 and Law and Society 4000, students must complete 18 credit hours, with a maximum of six credit hours in courses from each participating department. At least 12 of the 18 credit hours must be completed in courses numbered 3000 or higher.

- Anthropology 2260, * 3100, * 3240, * 3320, * 4030, 4450
- History 3803, 3806, 4214
- Philosophy 4350, 4360
- Political Science 2710, 3210, 3521, 3720, 4200
- Sociology 2260, * 3100, * 3240, * 3290, 3320, *3395
- Law and Society 4900-4909

* indicates cross-listed courses

The normal departmental prerequisites are applicable, but Department Heads may waive course prerequisites in cases where alternate preparation can be demonstrated.

4. Law and Society 4000 is compulsory. Before registering for this course students must complete 18 of the 24 credit hours required for the minor, including Law and Society 2000. In exceptional circumstances, the Programme Coordinator may waive this prerequisite.

5. Students majoring in one of the participating disciplines may not use courses counted toward their major to fulfil the Law and Society minor requirements; however, up to six additional credit hours from their major subject area, listed in 3 above, may be used to fulfil the requirements of the minor.

6. Up to six credit hours in Special Topics courses in Law and Society may be used to fulfil the requirements of the minor under regulation 3 above.

COURSE LIST

Law and Society 2000. An introduction to law in Canadian society and the role which it has played in societies past and present.

Prerequisite: Completion of at least 18 university credit hours.

Law and Society 4000. Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Law and Society. An appreciation and understanding of those rules and activities termed legal can be gained from a variety of disciplinary perspectives. The purpose of this seminar is to introduce students to the different ways in which law may be approached within the social sciences and humanities. The topic or topics to be discussed in a given semester will depend on the availability and participation of faculty from participating departments. Through seminar readings, discussions and research, students will gain a wider understanding of the role of law in society and of the diverse academic approaches for understanding it.

Prerequisites: Law and Society 2000 and at least 15 credit hours in courses applicable to the minor.

Law and Society 4900-4909. Special Topics in Law and Society.

Prerequisite: Law and Society 2000.

LINGUISTICS

GENERAL DEGREE

1) A student may not obtain credit for more than one course from each of the following sets:

a) Linguistics 1001, 2050, 1100, 2100
b) Linguistics 1000, 2000, 2101, 2103
c) Linguistics 2001, 2102, 2104
d) Linguistics 2300, 3200
e) Linguistics 2301, 3100
f) Linguistics 3300, 3500
g) Linguistics 3301, 3311
h) Linguistics 3410, 3450, 4220
i) Linguistics 2210, 3450
j) Linguistics 3200, 3201
k) Linguistics 4200, 4201
l) Linguistics 4212, 3212
m) Linguistics 3420, 4090
n) Linguistics 3421, 4091
o) Linguistics 1105, 2500

2) Prerequisites may be waived in special cases by the Head of the Department.

3) Students majoring in Linguistics must complete 42 credit hours in Linguistics, which must include the courses numbered 2103, 2104, 2210, 2500, 3000, 3100, 3104, 3201, 3500, 3850 plus nine credit hours in courses chosen from 4001, 4110, 4150, 4201, 4210, 4220, 4350, 4400, 4500, 4700, 4850, 4950 (or 4951).

NOTES: 1) Students intending to pursue graduate work in Linguistics should include 4201 and at least one of 4001 and 4110 in their programmes.

2) Students should note that some of the courses listed above (e.g. 4150, 4350, 4210) have prerequisites which are not included in the set of courses required for the major.

3) Students should note that some of the courses listed above (e.g. 4350, 4400, 4850, 4950, 4951) will not be offered on a regular basis.

4) In planning a Major, students are required to consult with an advisor in the Linguistics Department to ensure that their proposed programme is possible within the constraints of course scheduling and prerequisites.

HONOURS AND JOINT HONOURS DEGREES

1) See General Regulations for the Degree of Bachelor of Arts (Honours).

2) An Honours degree in Linguistics must include 60 credit hours in Linguistics courses of which the following are required: 2103, 2104, 2210, 2500, 3000, 3100, 3104, 3201, 3500, 3850, 4001 (and/or 4110), 4201, 4999, and at least one of 4150, 4210, 4220, 4350, 4400, 4500, 4700, 4850, 4950 (or 4951). Students should choose courses in consultation with their Honours dissertation supervisor, to ensure that the needs and interests of the individual candidate are met, and to take into account the availability of courses which the department is able to offer. The Honours or Joint Honours student must also meet a language requirement of six credit hours or the equivalent in a second language. Under very special circumstances the Head of the Department may prescribe six credit hours in advanced courses in English dialectology in place of the above second language requirement.

3) Linguistics may also be combined with another subject or subjects to constitute a Joint Honours degree. The required courses listed above for the Honours degree, except for 4999, will also be required for any Joint Honours degree in Linguistics. A total of 48 credit hours in Linguistics, which may include 4999, is required for Joint Honours in Linguistics. Students should consult their Linguistics department advisor to ensure that they select courses which complement their other Honours Subject of Specialization.

MINOR PROGRAMMES

The Minors described below list groups of courses which are most meaningful in conjunction with a Major in the Humanities and Social Sciences.

1) General Minor

Courses eligible for the General Minor in Linguistics are Linguistics 1100/2100, 2103, 2104, 2150, 2210, 2500, 3000, 3100, 3104, 3150, 3201, 3212, 3500, 3850, 4001, and courses in the series 4110 - 4850. Students are required to complete 24 credit hours chosen from these courses, and must include 2103, 2104 and at least six credit hours from 3000, 3100, 3104, 3201, 3500, 3850.

2) Minor for Potential Speech Language Pathologists

This is intended for those who plan to study Speech Pathology at another university. Please note that Speech Pathology is not offered at Memorial.

Required courses are Linguistics 1100/2100, 2103, 2104, 2150, 2210, 3104, 4700 plus three credit hours chosen from 3000, 3100, 3150, 3201, 3500, 3850. Students should also plan to meet the requirements of the programme to which they will apply. These often include course work in Biology, Psychology, Statistics as well as other fields.

3) Minors for Potential Teachers of Language

Twelve credit hours in the following courses are required for all students: Linguistics 1100/2100, 2103, 2104, 2210. The remaining 12 credit hours will be chosen from one of the following three sections, depending on the student's specialization:

a) Linguistics for French Majors: 12 credit hours in courses chosen from the following: Linguistics/French 3310, 3311, 4310; Linguistics 2150, 2500, 3000, 3100, 3104, 3150, 3201, 3500, 3850, 4350.

b) English Linguistics: Linguistics/English 2400 and Linguistics 2500 are required, plus six credit hours in courses chosen from the following: Linguistics/English 2401, Linguistics 3000, 3100, 3104, 3201, 3212, 3500, 3850, 4001, 4110, 4210, Linguistics/English 4403.

c) Linguistics for Potential Teachers in Native and Northern Schools: Linguistics 2150, three credit hours in a course on the structure of a Native Language of Canada (available in the series 2020-2041 or in the series Linguistics 4010-4051), plus six credit hours in courses chosen from the following: Linguistics 3000, 3100, 3104, 3150, 3201, 3500, 3850, 4150.

4) Concentration in Linguistics for B.Ed. Students

A minimum of 18 credit hours in Linguistics is required for students who are doing a concentration in the discipline. The programme is as follows: Linguistics 1100/2100, 2103, 2104, 2210, plus six credit hours in courses chosen from Linguistics 2150, 2500, 3000, 3100, 3104, 3150, 3201, 3212, 3850, including at least one 3000-level course. Students are urged to include more than the minimum number of linguistics-related courses in their programme.

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

1100. Language and Communication. A general and non-technical introduction to linguistic concepts which are important for understanding the nature of language and its function for communication. Topics include: languages as structured systems; meaning in language; language, the brain, and language disorders; the acquisition of language; and human vs animal communication. Credit is not given for both Linguistics 1100 and 2100. (Intended for first-year students)

2020. Structure of Inuttut I. For native speakers of Inuttut only: an introduction to the phonology and grammar of their language.

2021. Structure of Inuttut II.

Prerequisite: Linguistics 2020.

2025. Introduction to Inuktitut I. This course introduces students to Inuktitut (Eskimo). Students will develop a working knowledge of basic vocabulary and grammar, as well as a number of linguistic concepts that will enable them to consult a wide range of reference books. A strong emphasis will be placed on oral skills.

Prerequisites: None.

2026. Introduction to Inuktitut II. This course is a continuation of Linguistics 2025. Students will learn further vocabulary and grammar of the language. They will also be required to submit a project based on their own investigation of some aspect of the grammar of the language (based on either reference books or fieldwork). A strong emphasis will be placed on oral skills.

Prerequisite: Linguistics 2025.

2030. Structure of Montagnais I. For native speakers of Montagnais only: an introduction to the phonology and grammar of their language.

2031. Structure of Montagnais II.

Prerequisite: Linguistics 2030.

2040. Structure of Micmac I. For native speakers of Micmac only: an introduction to the phonology and grammar of their language.

2041. Structure of Micmac II.

Prerequisite: Linguistics 2040.

2100. Language and Communication. A general and non-technical introduction to linguistic concepts which are important for understanding the nature of language and its function for communication. Topics include: languages as structured systems; meaning in language; language, the brain, and language disorders; the acquisition of language; and human vs animal communication.

NOTE: Credit is not given for both Linguistics 1100 and 2100. (Intended for students beyond the first year.)

2103. Introduction to Linguistics: Morphology and Syntax. An introduction to the study of the meaningful components of words and sentences. This course will demonstrate the principles by which parts of words are organized into larger units (inflectional morphology and word-formation), and by which words pattern into phrases and sentences (syntax). Data from English and several other languages will be analysed to illustrate how language is structured.

Prerequisite: None.

2104. Introduction to Linguistics: Phonetics and Phonology. An introduction to the sounds of speech, their description (phonetics), organization (phonology), and interactions with morphology (morphophonology). The patterns and regularities of language will be demonstrated through analysis of data selected from English and other languages.

Prerequisite: None.

2150. Introduction to Second Language Acquisition. This course will focus on the processes and strategies used by learners as they pass through the stages of language development in their acquisition of a second language. It will examine the major research findings of various aspects of the field (for example, the role of the first language, the effects of personality and age on second language acquisition, error analysis, acquisition order and second language theory), in order to obtain a comprehensive understanding of second language learning.

Prerequisite: Linguistics 2103 is required, and Linguistics 1100 or 2100 is recommended.

2210. Language in Newfoundland and Labrador: An Introduction to Linguistic Variation. A general, non-technical introduction to the languages of Newfoundland and Labrador; the concept of variation within a language, and the chief causes of such variation; typical attitudes to standard and non-standard dialect speakers; a survey of the geographical distribution and the most striking characteristics of languages and dialects spoken in the province; the notion of language death; cultural and ecological differences reflected in language; language planning and language policy.

Prerequisite: None.

2400. History of the English Language to 1500. (Same as English 2400). A study of the early stages of the English Language: the Indo-European background; pronunciation and spelling, grammar, vocabulary and meaning in Old and Middle English.

Prerequisite: English 2390 or Linguistics 2103.

2401. History of the English Language from 1500 to Modern Times. (Same as English 2401). The English language since the Great Vowel Shift: sounds and grammar; standardization and varieties; eighteenth century attitudes and nineteenth century scholarship; semantic and lexical change.

Prerequisite: English 2390 or Linguistics 2103.

NOTE: Students are urged to take 2400 before registering for Linguistics 2401.

2500. Language Families and Linguistic Change. Genetic relationships between languages; the comparative method and language families. Introduction to etymology. Language change: structural change (changes in sounds, word structure, word order, and typology); vocabulary change; meaning change. Examination of data from a wide range of languages. Language contact, in particular, borrowing. Writing systems and transliteration. The use of dictionaries. Introduction to the bibliographical and referencing techniques used in linguistic research and application of these techniques.

Prerequisite: Linguistics 2104.

3000. Morphological Analysis. The meaningful parts from which words are built will be studied by using restricted data from a variety of languages. Practical work on selected languages will illustrate the wide range of notions which acquire formal expression in grammatical systems.

Although previous knowledge of the languages to be discussed is not necessary, an important aspect of the course will be practical experience in analysing phenomena which are foreign to English. Discussion of languages taught at this University will be balanced with analysis of limited data sets from more exotic languages. Comparison of the means by which smaller units are organized into words will make possible an elementary typology of the world's languages.

Prerequisite: Linguistics 2103 and 2104.

3100. Generative Syntax. Introduction to the syntactic theory developed by Chomsky, focusing on three essential notions: linguistic competence, universal grammar and linguistic parameters.

Prerequisite: Linguistics 2103.

3104. Phonetics. This course builds on the introduction to phonetics given in 2104, and deals with the wide range of sounds that are used in human languages. On the practical side, the student will systematically learn to identify, symbolize and pronounce a large number of sounds. The theoretical work will concentrate on an understanding of the articulatory, acoustic and perceptual features of speech sounds. This involves the close examination of data from foreign languages chosen to illustrate the fact that languages differ widely in their selection and organization of speech sounds. It also involves study of selected regional differences in the pronunciation of English.

Prerequisite: Linguistics 2104.

3150. Bilingualism: Linguistic, Cognitive and Educational Aspects. (Same as Education 3150). This course gives a comprehensive review of the major issues associated with bilingualism and second language education. It involves an interdisciplinary approach that will introduce students to the developments and major research findings in the field. Topics may include the bilingual mind, societal attitudes to bilingualism, issues in second language education and the evaluation of programmes.

Prerequisites: Linguistics 2150, or permission of the instructors.

3201. Generative Phonology. The purpose of this course is to provide the student with a thorough grounding in Generative Phonology. The first part of the course will be a review of general phonological terms, concepts and methodology. The remainder of the course will present the basic terms, concepts, and methods in some detail. The following topics will be discussed: distinctive features, redundancy, segmental and sequential constraints, underlying representations, rule ordering, abstract and concrete analyses, different types of phonological processes, syllable structure, the analysis of tone, and morphophonological analysis.

Prerequisites: Linguistics 2103 and 2104.

3212. Language, Sex and Gender. A survey of language and gender issues, including (i) the representation of males and females in English and other languages; (ii) stereotypes associated with male and female speech; and (iii) sex differences in language production. (Usually offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisite: None. Linguistics 2210 or Women's Studies 2000 are recommended.

3302. History of the French Language. (Same as French 3302). A summary of the origins of French, including the influence of Gaulish languages, Vulgar Latin, Frankish, and the langue d'oc/langue d'oil division; a survey of the dialects, morphology and syntax of Old French and of the evolution from Old to Middle French, including phonology, morphology, syntax and vocabulary.

Prerequisites: Classics 120A and 120B and French 2101 and 2300.

3310. Phonology and Morphology of French. (Same as French 3310). Examination of the phonological and morphological structure of French. Data from regional and non-standard varieties contrasted with data from standard French: formal rules to deal with observed regularities. Interactions of phonology and morphology in phenomena such as liaison. Derivational and inflectional morphology. Research articles on one or more of the topics dealt with in the course will be assigned as readings, and a written report in French based on one or more of the articles is to be submitted as part of the term work.

This course will normally be taught in French.

Prerequisite: French 2300 or both Linguistics 2104 and either French 2100 or 2159.

NOTE: Students who have not completed French 2300 are strongly advised to complete at least three credit hours in French courses at the 2000 level before attempting 3310.

3311. Introduction to General Linguistics: Aspects of French Linguistic Theory. (Same as French 3311). A practical examination of the French verbal system, with a thorough exposition of the systems of aspect, voice, tense and mood. The fundamental concepts of linguistics will form the framework of this exposition: the langue/parole distinction and its relationship to underlying and surface entities; language as activity and the generation of surface elements from underlying subsystems. This course will normally be taught in French.

Prerequisite: A Linguistics course or French 2100 or 2159.

3500. Historical Linguistics. This course will focus on: methods of establishing language relatedness; comparative reconstruction; internal reconstruction; typologies of change found in phonetics and phonology, in morphology and syntax, and in lexicon and word meaning; the roles of different degrees and types of language and dialect contact in the above changes. Course data will be drawn from Indo-European and non Indo-European language families.

Prerequisites: Linguistics 2103, 2104 and 2500.

3850. Semantics. Word-level semantics: polysemy, semantic fields, some controversies surrounding conceptualism. Sentence-level semantics: grammatical meaning, pragmatics, textual function, and logical aspects of meaning.

Prerequisites: Linguistics 2103 and 2104 are required, and Linguistics 3000 and 3100 are recommended.

3950-51. Special Topics in Linguistics.

4001. Morphosyntactic Analysis. Analysis of a wide range of linguistic data in morphology and syntax. The course will focus on essential linguistic concepts in more than one theoretical framework, and on the nature of linguistic evidence.

Prerequisites: Linguistics 3000, 3100.

4010-4091. Courses in the range 4010-4091 focus on the linguistic structure of certain languages, and are designed to provide senior students with the opportunity of being exposed to a substantial part of the grammar of a language other than those regularly offered in the Faculty of Arts. One course in this series will be offered each year, subject to availability of instructor.

Prerequisites: Linguistics 2103 and 2104, or the permission of the Head of the Department.

1. Native Languages of Canada

4010 and 4011. Linguistic Introduction to Cree I & II.

4020 and 4021. Linguistic Introduction to Inuttut I & II.

NOTE: Credit will not be given for both Linguistics 4020 and 4021 and any course in the series Linguistics 2020 to 2026.

4030 and 4031. Linguistic Introduction to Montagnais I & II.

4040 and 4041. Linguistic Introduction to Micmac I & II.

4050 and 4051. Linguistic Introduction to Dogrib I & II.

2. Selected Languages: Ancient and Modern

4060 and 4061. Linguistic Introduction to Latvian I & II.

4070 and 4071. Linguistic Introduction to Modern Arabic I & II.

4080 and 4081. Linguistic Introduction to Swahili I & II.

4090 and 4091. Linguistic Introduction to Classical and Vedic Sanskrit I & II.

Introductions to the Sanskrit language preparatory to i) readings in original Classical Sanskrit literature and ii) advanced historical and comparative study of the Indo-European group of languages. The study of grammar in both classical language and Vedic dialect, through prose and poetry, and through the study of Panini's grammar. Western and Hindu grammatical tradition will be examined.

4110. Selected Topics in Generative Grammar. (Usually offered in alternate years).

Prerequisite: Linguistics 3100.

4150. Second Language Acquisition II. This course will provide a comprehensive evaluation of recent theoretical and experimental work in second language development. Topics include the role played by linguistic universals in the language learning process, the question of language transfer, the effects of age, the context of learning, individual differences, cognitive processes, as well as social and psychological factors involved in second language acquisition.

Current theoretical models including the principles and parameters framework will be discussed. (Usually offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisite: Linguistics 2150. Linguistics 2104 is also recommended.

4151. Applied Linguistics: Evaluation of Materials. (Not offered at regular intervals.)

Prerequisite: Linguistics 4150.

4201. Phonological Theory. This course will cover further work in generative phonology, and compare the generative approach with other approaches to phonology. Different views of the phoneme; the status of the phoneme as distinct from the morphophoneme; typical syntagmatic problems of segmentation and canonical form; typical paradigmatic problems of distinctive feature assignment, redundancy, and neutralization; concepts such as simplicity, economy, generality, naturalness, and markedness; some problems of rule ordering; an introduction to the suprasegmentals. (Usually offered in alternate years).

Prerequisites: Linguistics 3201.

4210. Sociolinguistics. The detailed patterns of variation found in any given speech community, and factors which co-vary with them; the various theoretical models proposed to account for such variability. As their major assignment, students will complete a carefully restricted sociolinguistic project. (Usually offered in alternate years).

Prerequisites: Linguistics 2103, 2104, and 2210.

4220. Areal and Temporal Variations in Language. Some proposed models of the areal movement of language variants; testing posited diachronic changes in historical time against known synchronic variations in geographical space; tracing language variants from the Old World in New World settlement patterns; some postulated effects of contact between language and dialects; some problems in distinguishing internal from external conditioning in structural change and variation. Data from dialects of Newfoundland and Labrador will be examined.

Prerequisites: Linguistics 2210, 3500 and 4420.

4301. French Dialects, Patois and Argots. (Same as French 4301).

Prerequisite: French 3701.

4310. The French Language in Canada. (Same as French 4310). A survey of the distinctively regional forms of French found in Canada. The speech sounds of Quebecois, Acadien and other regional forms are examined, and a brief survey made of morphology and syntax which are typical of Canadian French. The distinctive vocabulary of Canadian French is also examined and related to its various sources: (1) the regional dialects of France; (2) Old French; (3) borrowings from Amerindian languages; (4) original creations of Canadian French; and (5) borrowings from English. (Usually offered in alternate years).

Prerequisites: French/Linguistics 3310 and French 3701 or permission of the Head of either department.

4350. General Romance Linguistics. A comparative survey of the different branches of Romance, and the way in which they relate to each other and to the Latin language from which they stem. (Usually offered in alternate years).

Prerequisites: Linguistics 3500 and the equivalent of three credit hours in courses in French, Spanish or other Romance language at the 2000 level.

4400. Historical and Comparative Linguistics. Advanced work in the comparison and reconstruction of phonological and morphological systems (primarily Indo-European) and theoretical issues of linguistic change. Reconstruction of the Proto-Indo-European phonological, morphological and syntactic systems and the nature and variety of systems that have developed from them in major Indo-European branches (Indo-Iranian, Hellenic, Romance, Germanic, Slavonic). The reconstruction of Indo-European ablaut and laryngeals and its impact on the development of internal reconstruction as a method of historical linguistics. The course is designed to permit the coherent study of selected topics from contemporary literature (e.g. transformational and variationist theory) dealing with historical and comparative linguistics. (Usually offered in alternate years).

Prerequisites: Linguistics 3000, 3201, 3500.

4403. Etymology: History of English Words. (Same as English 4403). Word formation, meaning and changes of meaning, etymology. The original Germanic and Indo-European sources of English vocabulary. The influence of the Roman Empire, of Christianity, of the Danish invasions, of the Norman invasion, of the Renaissance and of British overseas trade and colonization, with an examination of loan words from these various sources. The sources of present day neologisms and slang. (Usually offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisite: English/Linguistics 2400 or Linguistics 3500.

4420. English Dialectology I. (Same as English 4420). Scope and applications of dialect study; history of English dialects; standard versus non-standard varieties; development of dialect study, especially linguistic geography; non-standard dialect and literature.

4421. English Dialectology II. (Same as English 4421). Fieldwork and transcription; modern linguistic geography; structuralist dialectology; occupational dialects; other recent approaches.

Prerequisite: English 4420.

4500. Introduction to Field Methods. Data collection and organization for an unfamiliar language in a simulated field situation, including methods of elicitation, data filing, preliminary analysis, and hypothesis formation and testing. (Usually offered in alternate years).

Prerequisites: Linguistics 3000, 3100, 3104, and 3201.

4700. Experimental Phonetics. Some empirical methods of studying the different stages of `the speech chain' which links speaker to hearer, with special emphasis on the acoustic and perceptual stages. The source-plus-filter theory of speech production. A survey of the range of natural articulations and their acoustic effects. Some competing theories of speech perception. Acoustic versus perceptual bases for phonological features.

Prerequisite: Linguistics 3104, or permission of the Head of Department.

4850. Readings in Semantics. (Not offered at regular intervals.)

Prerequisites: Linguistics 3850 is required, and Linguistics 4110 and Philosophy 3110 are strongly recommended.

4900 and 4901. Independent Study. These courses are open to advanced students wishing to do individual research in consultation with an advisor.

4950-51. Special Topics in Linguistics.

Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

4999. Honours Dissertation.

MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS

For Departmental Regulations and Course Descriptions, see Faculty of Science, Mathematics and Statistics, section of the Calendar.

MEDIEVAL STUDIES

Programme Supervisor: Dr. A.A. Macdonald, Department of French and Spanish

A multidisciplinary programme in Medieval Studies is offered for candidates for the degree of Bachelor of Arts; it may be taken only as a second Major programme in conjunction with a disciplinary Major, or as a Minor programme.

The objective of the programme is the integrated study through core courses of a historical and cultural period, the Middle Ages, here defined as the period between Antiquity and the Modern Age. Such an approach, coordinating the methods and subjects of several disciplines, mirrors the pluralistic and interreligious framework of the age and provides context for the study of a student's first Major.

REGULATIONS: MAJORS

Students majoring in Medieval Studies shall discuss their programme with the Programme Supervisor or delegate.

Students electing Medieval Studies as their second Major shall complete a minimum of 36 credit hours in courses which shall include the following:

1) MST 2000 and either MST 2001 or MST 2002

2) Six credit hours from MST 3000, 3001, 3002, 3003 and 3004, or three credit hours from MST 3000, 3001, 3002, 3003 and 3004 and three credit hours from MST 3350-3360.

3) Six credit hours in courses at the 4000 level chosen from either MST 4000-4020 or List A.

4) Classics 120A and B

5) An additional 12 credit hours in courses on List A below normally to include at least six credit hours taken in courses at the 3000 level or above. Additional courses may be chosen in consultation with the Programme Supervisor.

6) No more than six credit hours in courses counted for a student's first major may be counted towards the Major in Medieval Studies.

REGULATIONS: MINORS

Students pursuing a minor in Medieval Studies shall discuss their programme with the Programme Supervisor or delegate.

Students electing Medieval Studies as a Minor shall complete a minimum of 24 credit hours in courses which shall include the following:

1) MST 2000 and either MST 2001 or MST 2002

2) Six credit hours from MST 3000, 3001, 3002, 3003 and 3004, or three credit hours from MST 3000, 3001, 3002, 3003 and 3004 and three credit hours from MST 3350-3360.

3) Three credit hours in courses at the 4000 level chosen from either MST 4000-4020 or List A.

4) An additional nine credit hours in courses on List A below, normally to include at least three credit hours taken in courses at the 3000 level or above. Additional courses may be chosen in consultation with the Programme Supervisor.

5) No more than three credit hours in courses counted for a student's major may be counted towards the Minor in Medieval Studies.

COURSE LIST

2000. The Cultural Legacy of the Middle Ages. The course will survey the formative cultures of the Middle Ages - Latin, Celtic, Arabic - as well as the rise of the new vernacular cultures, Germanic and Romance. Literary trends such as the reliance on authority, the emergence of national epic and the development of court literature will be studied. The course examines the interplay of all the arts - literature, music, art and architecture.

2001. Medieval Europe to 1050. (Same as History 2320). A survey of the economic, social, political and cultural developments of the early Middle Ages.

2002. Medieval Europe, 1050 to the Reformation. (Same as History 2330). A survey of the economic, social, political and cultural developments of Europe in the high and late Middle Ages.

3000. Medieval Books. Examination of the development and role of the manuscript book during the Middle Ages. Topics covered will include book production and dissemination; authors, scribes and audiences; and various kinds of books (e.g. glossed Bibles, anthologies, books of hours, etc.) and their uses.

Prerequisite: Medieval Studies 2000, 2001 or 2002 or permission of the instructor.

3001. Art, Architecture and Medieval Life. An examination of the development of medieval art and architecture and of the ways in which they mirror various aspects of life in the Middle Ages. The course will include a discussion of art and architecture in the countryside, in the town, in the castle, in the cathedral and in the cloister.

Prerequisite: Medieval Studies 2000, 2001 or 2002 or permission of the instructor.

3002. Folklore in Medieval Society. (Same as Folklore 3940). An examination of selected aspects of medieval society which both develop earlier features of western culture and evolve into recognisable modern forms. These aspects may include such topics as legend and folktale, folksong and ballad, custom, belief, folk speech, drama, games and recreations, material culture and vernacular architecture.

Prerequisite: MST 2000, 2001 or 2002.

3003. Christianity in the Middle Ages. (Same as Religious Studies 3560). A study of the development of Christianity in the West from the eleventh century to the eve of the Reformation, through an examination of its principal thinkers and the most significant societal forces and events: the crusades, the universities, monasticism, religious dissent, and mysticism.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2130.

3004. Medieval Philosophy. (Same as Philosophy 3760). Developments in philosophy from Augustine to Ockham.

3350-3360. Special Topics in Medieval Studies.

4000-4020. Special Topics in Medieval Studies. Seminars on such general, interdisciplinary or comparative subjects as, e.g., Popular Culture in the Middle Ages, The Medieval Stage, The Medieval Court, The Religious Orders, Women in Medieval Society, Medieval Universities, Scholasticism, Dante's Divine Comedy, Medieval Historiography, Arthurian Romance, Jewish Medieval Communities, Muslim Art and Architecture and The Byzantine World.

Prerequisite: Medieval Studies 3000 or 3001 or permission of the instructor.

List A: OTHER COURSES APPROVED FOR INCLUSION IN MEDIEVAL STUDIES MAJOR AND MINOR PROGRAMMES SUBJECT TO THE FOREGOING REGULATIONS

Not all these courses may be offered each year; students should check with departments with regard to availability and prerequisites.

2000 level courses or equivalent:

Anthropology 2480
Classics 120A/B
Classics 130A/B
Classics 2200
Classics 2205
Classics 2300
Classics 2305
English 2110
English/Linguistics 2400
English 2600
English 2601
French 2550
German 2900
German 2910
History 2320 (same as MST 2001)
History 2330 (same as MST 2002)
Linguistics 2500
Music 1002
Music 2005
Religious Studies 2130
Russian 2900

3000 level courses:

Classics/Religious Studies 3150
English 3021
English 3600
English 3700
French/Linguistics 3302
German 3911
History 3011-20
History/Classics/
Religious Studies 3270
Linguistics 3500
Music 3002
Religious Studies 3591

4000 level courses:

Classics 4270
Classics 4271
English/Linguistics 4403
English 4500
English 4501
English 4600
English 4601
French 4030
French 4031
German 4300
German 4301
History 4000-10
Linguistics 4350
Linguistics 4400
Philosophy 4705
Spanish 4000
Spanish 4001

NEWFOUNDLAND STUDIES

Programme Supervisor: Dr. G.J. Casey, Department of English Language and Literature

A multidisciplinary Minor programme in Newfoundland Studies is offered to candidates for the Bachelor of Arts degree. The objective of the programme is the study of Newfoundland society and culture through a variety of disciplinary approaches rather than the concentration upon a single discipline. This Minor programme is an alternative to a Minor offered by a single department. Since the programme draws upon courses in several departments, it is administered by an interdepartmental committee. The Programme Supervisor will advise students upon the selection of courses in the Minor.

REGULATIONS

1) To qualify for a Minor in Newfoundland Studies, a student shall complete a total of 24 credit hours in courses as follows:

a) Fifteen credit hours in courses on the following list and from at least four different Departments.

- Anthropology 3850 (same as Folklore 3850), 3860 (same as Folklore 3860 and History 3860)
- Economics 2070, 3070
- Education 3571
- English 3155
- Folklore 2230 (same as S/A 2230), 2300, 3850 (same as Anthropology 3850) and 3860 (same as Anthropology 3860 and History 3860)
- Geography 2490, 3290, 3490

- History 3110, 3120, 3860 (same as Anthropology 3860 and Folklore 3860)
- Linguistics 2210
- Political Science 3780
- Religious Studies 3900, 3901
- Sociology/Anthropology 2220, 2230 (same as Folklore 2230)

NOTE: Religious Studies 3900/3901. Students doing a Minor in Newfoundland Studies may be permitted to register for 3901 without having completed the prerequisite of 3900.

b) Nine additional credit hours in courses chosen from the above list and/or from the following, including at least three credit hours chosen from courses at the 4000 level:

- Anthropology 4280
- Folklore 4310, 4400
- French 4400 (same as Folklore 4400)
- Geography 4301, 4690
- History 4230, 4231
- Linguistics 4220
- Political Science 4731

c) PREREQUISITES: Normal departmental prerequisites will be required as laid down by the various Departments.

2) Up to six credit hours in courses counted for a student's Major Department may count towards the Minor, but these shall be in addition to the minimum course requirements for the Major.

PHILOSOPHY

GENERAL

Philosophy courses may be taken singly as general arts electives or in the context of Minor, Major, Honours or multidisciplinary programmes. Normally, Philosophy 1200/ 2200 is prerequisite to all courses at the 3000 level and above, though all courses are open to any student as electives with the permission of the Head of Department. Students desiring a more integrated programme in Philosophy must choose courses in line with the regulations below. Philosophy 1001 is recommended as the first course for students in first year. It is not required for further courses in Philosophy, but is of particular value to students interested in the Social Sciences and Humanities.

Minor Programme: The minor programme in Philosophy consists of a minimum of 24 credit hours in courses which must be chosen in accordance with the following requirements:

Philosophy 1200 or 2200 (Principles of Philosophy)
Philosophy 2210 (Logic) or 2220 (Principles of Human Knowledge)
Philosophy 2230 (Moral Philosophy) or 3400 (Political Philosophy)
Philosophy 2701 (History of Ancient Philosophy) or 2702 (History of Modern Philosophy)
A major author course i.e. ONE of 3730 (Plato), 3740 (Aristotle), 3800 (Descartes), 3840 (Hume), 3850 (Kant)
An additional nine credit hours in Philosophy courses

NOTES 1) Students declaring a Minor in Philosophy may choose to have a programme advisor by mutual agreement with a member of the Philosophy department.

2) Of the courses numbered 1001-1003 and those numbered 2800-2810, not more than TWO may be counted towards the Minor.

Major Programme: The major programme in Philosophy consists of a minimum of 36 credit hours in courses chosen in accordance with the following requirements:

Philosophy 1200 or 2200 (Principles of Philosophy)
Philosophy 2210 (Logic)
Philosophy 2220 (Principles of Human Knowledge)

Philosophy 2230 (Moral Philosophy) or 3400 (Political Philosophy)
Philosophy 2701 (History of Ancient Philosophy) or 2702 (History of Modern Philosophy)
Philosophy 3730 (Plato) or 3740 (Aristotle)
Philosophy 3800 (Descartes) or 3850 (Kant) or 3840 (Hume)
Philosophy 3910 (Analytic) or 3920 (Phenomenology)
One course in the 4700-4790 series
One course in the 4800-4890 series
An additional six credit hours in Philosophy courses

NOTE: Students declaring a major in Philosophy must choose a programme advisor in consultation with the Head of the department and the faculty member concerned.

Honours Programme: The full Honours programme requires a minimum of 60 credit hours in Philosophy courses; Joint Honours requires a minimum of 45 credit hours in Philosophy courses. These must include:

Philosophy 1200 or 2200 (Principles of Philosophy)
Philosophy 2210 (Logic)
Philosophy 2220 (Principles of Human Knowledge)
Philosophy 2230 (Moral Philosophy) or 3400 (Political Philosophy)
Philosophy 2701 (History of Ancient Philosophy) or 2702 (History of Modern Philosophy)
Philosophy 3730 (Plato) or 3740 (Aristotle)
Philosophy 3800 (Descartes) or 3840 (Hume) or 3850 (Kant)
Philosophy 3910 (Analytic Philosophy)
Philosophy 3920 (Phenomenology)
One course in the 4700-4790 series
One course in the 4800-4890 series
An additional three credit hours in courses at the 4000 level
Either Philosophy 4998* (Comprehensive Examination) or 4999** (Honours Dissertation).

*Candidates for Joint Honours must choose 4998
**Candidates for full Honours may take 4999 only with permission of the Department.

Other Philosophy courses to a total of 60 credit hours for Full Honours, 45 credit hours for Joint Honours.

*NOTE: Candidates for Joint Honours who elect to fulfill the honours requirement in the other discipline are not required to take the Comprehensive Examination.

(See General Regulations for the Honours degree of Bachelor of Arts)

COURSE LIST

1001. Philosophy of Human Nature. An approach to philosophical thinking by way of analysis and critique of theories of human nature, classical and modern, and the world views associated with them.

1200. Principles of Philosophy. A general introduction to the study of Philosophy both as a contemporary intellectual discipline and as a body of knowledge. The course covers the main divisions, fundamental questions and essential terminology of Philosophy through a reading of classical texts. (It is a required course for further courses in Philosophy programmes. It is intended for students in first year who have completed one semester of university education).

2200. Principles of Philosophy. (Same as 1200 above but offered to students beyond first year.)

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both 1200 and 2200).

2210. Logic. An introduction to traditional and modern logic open in any year to all students wishing acquaintance with basic logical skills.

No prerequisite.

2220. Principles of Human Knowledge. Various concepts of knowledge - empirical, rational, transcendental, systematic. Their metaphysical grounds and implications. The concept of scientific knowledge; real and abstract entities; objectivity and subjectivity.

2230. Moral Philosophy. The sources and validity of ethical principles which underlie individual and social action.

2701. History of Ancient Philosophy. (Same as Classics 2701). A survey of the origin and development of Western philosophy among the Greeks and Romans.

2702. History of Modern Philosophy. A survey of the development of Western philosophy since the 17th century.

NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only ONE of 3700, 3701, 2702.

2800-2810. Contemporary Issues. Each course in this series is defined by its aim: to provide students with an opportunity to develop the philosophical dimension primarily, in areas of practical concern. Issues dealt with are chiefly contemporary ones: technology, bioethics, leisure, professional ethics, role of education, materialism, human rights and others of the kind.

NOTE: Except with permission of the department, Philosophy 1200/2200 is a prerequisite for all Philosophy courses beyond the 2000 level).

3110. Elements of Symbolic Logic. Techniques and topics in the logic of propositions, of predicates and of induction and probability. Normally the second course in logic.

3120. Philosophy of Language. The course investigates various uses of language and its relationship to thought, as well as particular features of language, such as meaning, synonymy, reference, translation and interpretation.

3150. Philosophy of the Natural Sciences. Major issues in the origins, methods and philosophical implications of science. Science as a form of knowledge; its relation to metaphysics; to more general theories of knowledge. Science and values.

3160. Philosophy of the Human Sciences. Methodological foundations of psychology, cognitive science and the social sciences. Philosophical presuppositions and implications of these approaches to human nature will be examined.

3400. Political Philosophy. Leading philosophical ideas concerning the origin and justification of political institutions.

3500. Philosophy of Religion. (Same as Religious Studies 3500.) The philosophical aspects of religious belief, religious language and theology.

3600. Philosophy of the Humanities. Expression and interpretation in the humanistic disciplines: theology, history, art and literature, language. Philosophical Hermeneutics.

3610. Philosophy and Literature. A study of the interrelationship of thought and imagination in philosophical and literary forms of writing.

3620. Philosophy of Art. (Same as Visual Arts 3620). Introduction to aesthetics; applications in visual arts, music and drama.

3730. Plato. Selections from the works of the Greek "lovers of wisdom"-the first philosophers - particularly Plato.

3740. Aristotle. The works and legacy of perhaps the most influential systematic thinker of all time.

3760. Medieval Philosophy. (Same as Medieval Studies 3004). Developments in philosophy from Augustine to Ockham.

3790. Late Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy. Philosophical writings of the 14th-16th centuries.

3800. Descartes. A systematic introduction to the works and thought of the "father of modern philosophy".

3820. Rationalism. A study of rationalism in Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz and of subsequent developments of this standpoint.

3830. Empiricism. A study of classical empiricism in the works of Locke, Berkeley and Hume and of later developments of this philosophical standpoint.

3840. Hume. A study of the work and influence of Hume on theories of knowledge, metaphysics and moral philosophy.

3850. Kant's Theory of Knowledge. An introduction to the work of one of the most influential thinkers of the modern era, concentrating on his theory of knowledge, particularly as stated in the Critique of Pure Reason.

3851. Kant's Ethics. An introduction to the work of one of the most influential thinkers of the modern era, concentrating on his ethics, particularly as stated in The Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals and The Critique of Practical Reason.

3860. Hegel. Selections from Hegel's system with emphasis on the nature of dialectical and speculative philosophy and its enormous influence in the present time.

3870. Utilitarianism. Moral, political and jurisprudential themes in Bentham, J.S. Mill and their followers. Recent utilitarian theories.

3880. Post-Idealist Thought. 19th century reactions to idealist systems, the critique of Metaphysics, the rise of Positivism.

3890. Marxism. The political, social and historical theories of Marx and Engels and their later developments; themes in Marxist analysis of class and capitalism.

3900. Process Philosophy. Selected texts in recent cosmological, evolutionary and organismic thought - Whitehead, Bergson, Teillard de Chardin and others.

3910. Analytic Philosophy. Selections from established texts in contemporary analytic philosophy: Russell, Carnap, Wittgenstein and others.

3920. Phenomenology. An introduction to the philosophy of Husserl and some of his followers, e.g. Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty.

3930. Pragmatism. The pragmatist standpoint from Peirce to the present.

3940. Existentialism. The philosophy and literature of Existentialism from Kierkegaard, Nietzsche and Dostoevsky to Sartre, de Beauvoir and Camus.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both 3980 and 3940.

3950. Recent Philosophy. Topics and developments in contemporary thought, e.g. post-structuralism, post modernism, relativism, realism and anti-realism etc.

NOTE: Except with permission of the department, students will not be admitted to 4000 level courses without having completed a minimum of six credit hours in courses at the 3000 level.

4100, 4110. Seminar in Logic and the Philosophy of Mathematics.

4150, 4160. Seminar in the Philosophy of Science.

4200, 4210. Seminar in the Philosophy of Mind.

4250, 4260. Seminar in Metaphysics and Epistemology.

4300, 4310. Seminar in Ethics.

4350, 4360. Seminar in the Philosophy of Law.

4400, 4410. Seminar in Political Philosophy.

4450, 4460. Seminar in the Philosophy of History.

4500, 4510. Seminar in the Philosophy of Religion. (Same as Religious Studies 4500 and 4510).

4520, 4530. Seminar in Philosophical Background to Literature.

4550, 4560. Seminar in the Philosophy of Language.

4600, 4610. Seminar in Aesthetics.

4700-4790. Seminar in Special Authors and Texts.

4800-4890. Seminar in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Philosophy.

4998. Comprehensive Examination.

4999. Honours Dissertation.

POLITICAL SCIENCE

ORGANIZATION OF COURSES

Political Science courses are divided into four levels to assist students in making an orderly progression in their study of various fields within the discipline.

1) Political Science 1000, 1010, and 1020 are basic courses introducing students to the study of politics. Political Science 1000 and 1010 place particular emphasis on Canadian Politics while Political Science 1020 stresses international issues. Any two of these courses are recommended to students interested in knowledge and skills useful for understanding politics and government and the context in which political decisions are made.

2) Courses at the 2000 level are designed to introduce the student to the Major areas within the discipline of Political Science: Political Theory (x0xx), (x1xx); International Politics (x2xx); Comparative Politics (x3xx), (x4xx); Political Behaviour (x5xx); and Canadian Politics (x7xx). These courses raise questions, survey substantive knowledge, and introduce methodological approaches useful to students going on to more advanced courses in these fields. Taken together these courses serve as a foundation for a Major programme in Political Science. Individually, they are open to all students interested in exploring specific aspects of Political Science.

3) 3000-level courses deal with a wide range of topics in depth, and assume some previous knowledge of appropriate areas of Political Science or related disciplines.

4) 4000-level courses are advanced seminars, either bringing together several approaches or fields of knowledge within the discipline, or focusing on specific problems.

PREREQUISITES

1) No prerequisites will apply to Political Science courses unless specified. Students, however, are encouraged to ensure that they have adequate preparation for courses in which they intend to register.

2) Since Political Science 2710 and one of Political Science 2200 or 2300 are required for all majors, and 2710 is required for minors, it is strongly recommended that these courses be taken no later than in a student's second year.

3) Students should complete at least six credit hours in courses with the initial digit '2' before registering in a course with the initial digit '3'.

4) Students should complete at least six credit hours in courses with the initial digit '3' before registering in a course with the initial digit '4'.

5) Students are strongly encouraged to consult with their faculty advisor prior to registration in each semester.

REQUIREMENTS FOR GENERAL DEGREE

1) To qualify for a B.A. degree with a Major in Political Science, a student must, in addition to meeting the general requirements, complete at least 42 credit hours in courses offered by the Department, including:

a) Political Science 1000, 1010, or 1020 are recommended as first courses for any student interested in majoring in Political Science. No more than two of these courses may be counted toward the 42 credit hours in Political Science required for a Major.

b) Students must complete a minimum of 12 credit hours in courses at the 2000-level including Political Science 2710 and 2711, and Political Science 2200 or 2300; and

c) a minimum of 24 credit hours in courses numbered 3000 or above including at least six credit hours in courses at the 4000 level.

NOTE: History 1000/1001 or 1050/1051 provide an important foundation for students majoring in Political Science. The Department recommends that majors and prospective majors take History 1000 or History 1050 and History 1001 or History 1051 in their first year of study.

2) A Minor programme in Business Administration is available for Political Science majors. For details, see the regulations for the Faculty of Business Administration.

HONOURS PROGRAMME

An Honours degree is ordinarily required for admission to postgraduate programmes in Political Science, and may be useful preparation for law and other professional fields. Students considering an Honours programme are encouraged to apply to the Department early, preferably during their third or fourth terms. Students are admitted to the Political Science Honours Programme in accordance with University and Arts Faculty Honours Degree regulations. To qualify for the B.A.(Hons.) degree in Political Science, a student must complete at least 60 credit hours in courses offered by the department.

a) Political Science 1000, 1010, or 1020 are recommended as first courses for any student interested in majoring in Political Science. No more than two of these courses may be counted toward the 60 credit hours in Political Science required for an Honours degree.

b) Students must complete a minimum of 15 credit hours in courses at the 2000-level including Political Science 2500, 2710 and 2711, and Political Science 2200 or 2300;

c) Political Science 3010, 3011, 3100, and 3900 (or its equivalent); and

d) At least 15 credit hours in courses numbered 4000, including Political Science 490A/B (Honours Essay).

NOTE: History 1000/1001 or 1050/1051 provide an important foundation for students majoring in Political Science. The Department recommends that majors and prospective majors take History 1000 or History 1050 and History 1001 or History 1051 in their first year of study.

REQUIREMENTS FOR MINORS

To qualify for a Minor in Political Science, a student must complete at least 24 credit hours in courses offered by the Department.

a) Political Science 1000, 1010, or 1020 are recommended as first courses for any student interested in completing a minor in Political Science. No more than two of these courses may be counted toward the 24 credit hours in Political Science required for a Minor.

b) Students must complete Political Science 2710 and at least one of Political Science 2000, 2200, 2300, or 2500; and

c) At least 12 credit hours in courses numbered 3000 or above including at least three credit hours in courses at the 4000 level.

FACULTY ADVISING

Students who intend to Major or Minor in Political Science must inform the Head of the Department. Each Major student is assigned a Faculty Advisor, who is responsible for planning with the student an overall programme, and for approving a course programme for each term. The Department stresses the importance of regular consultation between student and Faculty Advisor as the most effective way to assure a rational and relevant academic programme within the broad outlines of the University and Departmental regulations.

COURSE LIST

1000. Introduction to Politics. An introduction to basic concepts in the study of politics, emphasizing the Canadian system of government and its relationship with the Canadian society.

1010. Canadian Political Problems. Analysis of the operation of the Canadian political system through close examination of three selected policy problems, such as poverty in Canada, Canadian-United States relations and French Canada.

1020. World Political Problems. An introduction to contemporary issues in world politics. The course will examine selected issues and the manner in which these reflect interests and ideologies and the larger political and economic context in which they occur.

2000. Introduction to Political Thought. A survey of the most important political thinkers and schools of political thought in the Western political tradition. The course will ordinarily cover political thinkers from Plato to Marx and include a selection of contemporary political ideologies.

2200. Introduction to International Politics. An examination of the "building blocks" of international politics including determinants, means, processes and ends. Emphasis is on the post-1945 period.

2300. Introduction to Comparative Politics. An introduction to comparative politics focusing on the differences and similarities among a variety of countries and systems.

2500. Introduction to Political Behaviour. A survey of informal and behavioural aspects of politics, focusing on citizen participation in Canada and other societies. Topics will include political socialization, public opinion, the electoral process, and dynamics of leadership, influence and persuasion. An empirical approach will be emphasized.

2710. Introduction to Canadian Politics I. An introductory survey of the structure, operation, and inter-relationships of the institutions of government at the federal level in Canada. Topics to be examined include the constitution, federalism, parliament, the executive, and the judiciary.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for either Political Science 2710 or 2711 and the former Political Science 2700.

2711. Introduction to Canadian Politics II. An introductory survey of the Canadian political process. The course will explore the linkages between Canadian society and political institutions. Topics to be examined include political culture, political parties, the electoral system, voting behaviour, interest groups, the mass media and politics, protest movements, and elites and social classes.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for either Political Science 2710 or 2711 and the former Political Science 2700.

3010. Research Design and Data Collection. Principles and techniques for collecting and recording data for the empirical study of politics. Emphasis is on survey research, with attention to other methods such as elite interviewing, content analysis, and use of aggregate statistics. Students will receive practical experience in all topics.

3011. Empirical Analysis. Methods of describing and explaining political phenomena with empirical data. Emphasis is on quantitative analysis of existing data, with an introduction to appropriate statistics and computer techniques. The course is intended to make students more confident and critical in assessing empirical studies, and to provide a foundation for original research.

Prerequisite: Political Science 3010.

3020. Marxism and its Variants. An examination of Marxist theory, starting with the political and social concepts of Marx and Engels, progressing through the modifications made by Lenin, Stalin and Mao, to an analysis of contemporary communist ideologies, including those of the Soviet Union, China, Cuba, and humanist Marxism. Topics to be covered will include: historical materialism, class alienation, the social revolution, the party, dictatorship of the proletariat, transition to socialism and communism, socialist man, Maoism.

3030. Political Sociology. (Same as Sociology 3030). An introduction to the sociological foundations of political life. Topics to be examined include voting behaviour, comparative power systems, ideologies, mass movements, parties, voluntary associations, and bureaucracies. Attention is given to the concepts of class, status, command, power, authority, and legitimacy.

Prerequisite: Political Science 2300, 2500 or Sociology 2000.

3100. Political Theory I. Selected political theory from Plato to Rousseau. The theme of the course is the development of liberal democratic theory.

3110. Political Theory II. Selected political theory from Tocqueville to the present. The theme of the course is the crisis in liberal democratic theory.

3140. Feminist Political Theory. This course will examine major tendencies within contemporary feminist theory. Liberal, radical, and Marxist feminist analyses of the causes and responses to inequality will be examined. Authors to be examined include S. de Beauvoir, B. Friedan, S. Firstone, M. O'Brien, and N. Hartstock.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Political Science 3140 and the former Political Science 4111.

3190-94. Special Topics in Political Theory.

3200. Comparative Foreign Policy. An introduction to the comparative analysis of foreign policy, with special reference to selected great powers.

3210. International Law. An introduction to international law concerned with the interaction of the political and legal systems. Topics discussed are sources, agreements, membership, recognition, territory, jurisdiction, immunities, state responsibility, and force and war.

3220. International Organizations. The purposes, structures, and effectiveness of contemporary international organizations. Emphasis will be placed on the United Nations "family". An exposure to several others of the more than two hundred existent IGO's will also be given.

3250. International Political Economy. Defined as the zone of interaction between world politics and international economics, international political economy includes such topics as trade politics; sovereign debt and structural adjustment; national foreign economic policies; the politics of economic integration; transnational corporations; hedgemony and long cycles; official development assistance; and dependency. The selection of topics presented will vary from semester to semester.

3291. The European Union. An examination of the European Community as an emergent transnational form of governance. The course will consider the origins of the Community, the operation of its institutions, its transformation from Common Market to European Union, and the ways in which EC politics impinges on national-level politics.

3292-3296. Special Topics in International Relations.

3300. European Politics. A comparative study of government and politics in selected states of Western Europe. Emphasis will be on parties, institutions, and policy-making, particularly the ways in which states manage their economies.

3310. American Political System. The course will examine the governmental process in the United States including the role of parties and interest groups. It will also examine select contemporary problems.

3320. Comparative Politics: State and Politics in the USSR and the Commonwealth of Independent States. This course is designed as a general survey of politics and government in the Soviet Union and the Commonwealth of Independent States. The development of Soviet and post-Soviet politics will be analyzed with special attention being paid to political leadership and its relation to the promotion of political change and continuity.

3330. Eastern European Politics. This course will focus upon politics in East-Central and Southeastern Europe. Particular attention will be paid to developments in Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, and Yugoslavia.

3340. Women and Politics. A comparative politics course on the role of women in the political process. Topics will include the political socialization, political organization, voting behaviour, and political recruitment of women; the role of women within political parties; the organization of governmental institutions as a response to the concerns of women; and existing labour, tax, and social policies as they affect women. The countries compared will vary from semester to semester.

3360. The Military and Politics. An examination of civil-military re-Latinos in developed, developing, and revolutionary societies.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Political Science 3360 and the former Political Science 3602.

3391-95. Special Topics in Comparative Politics.

3410. African Politics. An analysis of political change in selected African countries, set within an historical framework extending from pre-colonial through colonial and post-independence periods. Social, cultural and economic factors are emphasized. No previous knowledge of Africa is assumed.

3420. Asian Politics. Analysis of problems of modernization and political development in selected Asian countries.

3430. Latin American Politics. An analysis of the forces influencing politics in contemporary Latin America with particular emphasis being given to those factors promoting political change. No prior knowledge of Latin America is assumed.

3510. Public Opinion. The course will survey the formation of politically relevant attitudes (political socialization), factors affecting stability and change in these attitudes, and aggregate distributions of attitudes in society. Materials will be drawn primarily from the United States and Canada.

3511. Political Communication. Communications theory will be used to analyze major political problems and processes, including national integration and political development. Special attention will be given to aspects of Canadian political integration and Canadian mass media.

3521. Law and Society. This course will review traditional theories about law, discuss their inadequacies, and consider the benefits of a policy-oriented approach to the study of the role of law in society. The concept of law as a process of authoritative decision will be used to examine the function of the judicial authority.

3531. Political Parties. A comparative study of political parties in European, North American and third world contexts. Attention will be given to the origin and development of parties, modes of party organization, electoral laws, and the causes and impact of multipartyism. Special attention will be given to the problem of change.

3540. Principles of Public Administration. An outline of major theoretical concepts in the field of public administration. The emphasis is on organization theory and practice, administrative decision-making, and organization development. Usually run as a seminar course. This course is relevant to any student contemplating a career in public employment.

3590-94. Special Topics in Political Behaviour.

3700. Parties and Elections in Canada. An examination of parties, movements, elections, and electoral systems in the Canadian political system.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Political Science 3700 and the former Political Science 3350 or 3730.

3710. Intergovernmental Relations in Canada. (I.) Federal constitutional structure: its development and current dynamics. Recent federal-provincial bargaining in the following issue areas: official languages; a charter of human rights; constitutional amendment; federal and provincial legislative power; and reform of the Senate and Supreme Court. (II.) The present and future status of Quebec.

3711. Fiscal Federalism in Canada. (Same as Economics 3711). (I.) Federal-provincial-municipal fiscal relations in Canada: intergovernmental tax agreements and equalization payments. (II.) Co-operative federalism: shared-cost programmes and opting-out arrangements. (III.) Intergovernmental bargaining in the following issue areas: tax reform; administration of justice; welfare policy; post-secondary education.

Prerequisites: Political Science 2710 or Economics 2010 and 2020.

3720. Canadian Constitutional Law. This course uses a casebook approach to examine critical issues of Canadian Constitutional Law. The development of the Canadian Constitution and processes of judicial review, as well as the legal development of federalism and protection of civil rights, are examined in detail.

3730. Introduction to Policy Analysis. A survey of the major frameworks for the study of public policy, including decision-making theories. The course examines different stages in the policy-making process, such as policy initiation, priorities planning, choice of governing instruments, implementation and evaluation in relation to the objective and normative factors in Canadian policy environment, key institutions, dominant interests, and political leadership.

3741. Public Administration in Canada. Introduction to public administration, history of the public service in Canada, an examination of the structure and functioning of contemporary federal and provincial governments. Topics covered include cabinet organization, financial and personnel management, collective bargaining, and bilingualism.

3751. State and Economic Life in Canada. The role of the state in the building and maintenance of capitalism in Canada. Historical and contemporary examples will be employed to illustrate the economic activities of the state in both its federal and provincial forms.

3760. Canadian Foreign Policy. This course will discuss the factors which contribute to the making of Canadian Foreign Policy and the process by which it is made. Several case studies will be discussed, for example: Canada and the international law of the fisheries; Canada and NATO; Canada and peacekeeping.

3770. Provincial Politics. A comparative study of politics in selected Canadian provinces. Consequences of varying historical and cultural contexts will be examined with special attention to parties and movements, leadership styles, and orientations to the Canadian federation.

3780. Newfoundland Politics. A study of the political process in Newfoundland. Topics may include electoral behaviour and attitudes, the party system, leadership styles, the consequences of federalism, and public administration.

3790. Local Government and Politics in Canada. An examination of the theory, structure and operation of local governments in Canada, with particular emphasis on Newfoundland. Recent proposals for reform and the politics of implementing regional government and financial reorganization will be examined.

3791-95. Special Topics in Canadian Politics.

3900. Directed Research. Specific instruction and guidance in all aspects of original research work in Political Science. The student will focus on subject matter introduced in a previous or concurrent course. Instruction will be given in selection of a topic; bibliographic work; definition of the problem to be investigated; research design; location, selection and collection of appropriate material from primary and secondary sources; logical and empirical analysis; and appropriate forms of presentation in the final paper.

4112. Critical Theory and Politics. This course will consider the critical theory alternative to empiricist political science in the context of neo-Marxist thought.

4113. Contemporary Democratic Theory. This course will examine alternative conceptions of the foundations of democracy. Theorists to be considered include F. Hayek, R. Nozick, J. Rawls, R. Dworkin, and M. Walzer.

4200. Special Topics in International Law. Research seminar on contemporary Canadian legal problems. Each semester will focus on one problem, e.g., Northern sovereignty, fishing zones, pollution, control of the sea.

4210-4219. Special Topics in International Politics. In-depth research of timely international concerns. Each semester the emphasis will be on a specific crisis situation, such as the Mid-East conflict or topical problems of disarmament, foreign aid, or trade relationships.

4230. Theories of International Relations. An examination of the approaches and frameworks used in the study of international relations, such as idealism, realism, systems, simulation, and empirical models. Approaches will be examined through the use of case studies.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Political Science 4230 and the former Political Science 3230.

4301. Preconditions of Democracy. A comparative study of the preconditions necessary to develop and sustain democratic regimes and the circumstances under which transitions to democratic rule succeed or fail. The course will examine theoretical materials and apply them to recent and historical transitions to democratic rule.

4310. Comparative Federalism. This course will examine theories of federalism along with the development and operation of federalism in selected nation states.

4313. The Politics of Contemporary Welfare States. A comparative study of the politics of contemporary welfare states. The emphasis will be on the policies of welfare states and the political forces which shape them.

NOTE: Credit can not be obtained for Political Science 4313 and the former Political Science 3301.

4350. The State and the Economy. A survey and analysis of the role of the state under contemporary capitalism. The principal focus of this course is on advanced capitalist countries other than Canada.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Political Science 4350 and the former Political Science 3350.

4390-4395. Special Topics in Comparative Politics.

4450. State and Society in the Third World. The course will examine the development of state structures in the third world, particularly the bureaucracy and the military, in relation to social and economic change; social bases of political conflict, including class, ethnicity, religion, and region; and political processes, including elections, patronage, and military action. Alternative theoretical paradigms will be reviewed in light of current evidence.

4460. Refugees and Politics. Primary focus on the way in which political considerations affect the creation, conceptualization, reception, care and resettlement of displaced persons. Emphasis on changes in the nature of refugeeism and the conceptual and material responses to these changes.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Political Science 4460 and the former Political Science 4608.

4480-4485. Special Topics in Political Development.

4500-4505. Special Topics in Political Behaviour.

4604-4607, 4609-4613. Special Topics in Political Science.

4620-4624. Directed Readings in Political Science.

4708-4719. Special Topics in Canadian Politics. An analysis in depth of a particular aspect of Canadian government and politics.

4730. Public Policy in Newfoundland. A study of public policy in Newfoundland. Examination of the formation, implementation and impact of policies in one or more of the following areas: fisheries, resources, industrial development, agriculture, social policy.

4731. Political Economy of Newfoundland. An examination of the political economy of Newfoundland from the mid-nineteenth century to the present. Consideration of structural aspects of the Newfoundland economy and their relationship to the development of political institutions. Themes to be explored include regime change, underdevelopment and dependency, class structure, corruption, nationalism and neo-nationalism, province-building and relations with other provinces and the federal government.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Political Science 4731 and the former Political Science 4401, nor may credit be obtained for both Political Science 4731 and History 4231.

4740. Political Protest and Reform. This course applies principles derived from the theoretical literature on political protest to reform movements in Canada and other settings. Both broadly based movements and single issue movements will be considered.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Political Science 4740 and the former Political Science 4703.

4750. Regionalism in Canadian Politics. An examination of the economic, social, and institutional determinants of regionalism and the ways in which these forces have shaped decision-making in Canada. Emphasis on the various models and frameworks used to study regionalism.

4770. Politics in Atlantic Canada. An examination of contemporary politics in the Atlantic provinces. In addition to political institutions and processes, the course will consider specific themes including political parties, political leadership, electoral behaviour, government structures and operation, federal-provincial relations, and provincial-municipal relations. Recent issues, such as economic development, regionalism, offshore resources, and the fishery, will also be examined.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Political Science 4770 and the former Political Science 4707.

4780. Research Seminar in Newfoundland Politics. Students will participate in research projects dealing with selected aspects of Newfoundland politics. Topics to be considered include the legislature and the executive, the civil service, interest groups, parties, elections and political recruitment.

4790. Public Policy in Canada. An examination of the relationship between public policy development in Canada and changes in the policy environment. Policy areas to be studied include economic growth and stabilization, social security, economic regulation, criminal justice, education, human rights, and cultural survival and development.

490A/B. Honours Essay.

4901. Honours Tutorial. Advanced study of topics of mutual interest to students and one or more instructors. Open to Honours and other selected students, particularly those intending to do graduate studies.

PSYCHOLOGY

For Departmental Regulations and Course Descriptions, see Faculty of Science, Psychology, section of the Calendar.

RELIGIOUS STUDIES

The Curriculum in Religious Studies is designed to provide a basic programme in Religion as an academic discipline. Courses are open to all students on the same basis as are other courses in the Faculty of Arts. These courses are recommended for (1) students who wish to gain an understanding of the essential teachings and beliefs of one or more major religious traditions; (2) students who are preparing for careers for which a knowledge of religious thought, practices and traditions is an appropriate preparation; and (3) students who are interested in exploring this field as an area of scholarly interest and human concern.

Those who plan to teach Religion in the schools are permitted to complete a Major or Minor or concentration in Religious Studies under the degrees of Bachelor of Education (Primary) and Bachelor of Education (Elementary), under the Conjoint degrees of Bachelor of Education and Bachelor of Arts for High School teachers, and under the Conjoint degrees of Bachelor of Physical Education and Bachelor of Education.

A student majoring in another subject who wishes to do one or more courses in Religious Studies is invited to consult with a member of the Department for advice as to courses best suited to his or her particular interests.

GENERAL DEGREE

Students majoring in Religious Studies should plan their programme in consultation with a representative of the Department.

The following are Departmental regulations for general degrees:

1. Religious Studies 1010, 1020 and 1031 are basic courses designed to introduce students to the academic study of religion. They are intended for first-year students only. They are NOT prerequisites for further Religious Studies courses. Any two of these courses may be used towards requirements for a major or minor in Religious Studies, provided they are taken in the student's first year of studies.

2. Major in Religious Studies

A minimum of 36 credit hours in courses in Religious Studies are required. These must include a total of 18 credit hours in courses at the 3000 level or above, chosen from at least three of the following groups:

a) Biblical Studies: 3030, 3060, 3090, 3200, 3210, 3220, 3240, 3251, 3260, 3271, 3275, 3700, 3701, 4201-4230.
b) Christian Thought and History: 3150, 3510, 3520, 3530, 3560, 3591, 3595, 3900, 3901, 3902, 3903, 4700-4730.
c) World Religions: 3303, 3340, 3400, 3410, 3421, 3422, 3430, 4300-4330.
d) Religion, Ethics, and Modern Culture: 3500, 3640, 3650, 3660, 3670, 3810, 3820, 3830, 3840, 4800-4830.

3. Minor in Religious Studies

A minimum of 24 credit hours in courses in Religious Studies are required, including at least nine credit hours in courses at the 3000 level. Except for Religious Studies 3150 and 3820, cross-listed courses may not be used to satisfy this regulation.

4. Concentration in Religious Studies (B.Ed., Primary or Elementary)

A minimum of 18 to a maximum of 27 credit hours are required, including:

- Religious Studies 2013 or 2130 or 2140.
- Religious Studies 2050 and 2051.
- Six credit hours in courses at the 3000 level.
- At least three credit hours in courses to be chosen from 2011, 2012, 2130, 2140, 2610, 2810, or an additional 3000-level course.

5. Concentration in Religious Studies (B.P.E. or B.P.E./B.Ed.)

A minimum of 24 credit hours in courses in Religious Studies are required, including 2050 and 2051. The Department of Religious Studies also advises students to choose courses to make up the remaining 18 credit hours from the following: 2011 or 2012, 2013, 2130 or 2140, 2610, and courses at the 3000 level. It is recommended that students complete at least nine credit hours in courses at the 3000 level.

6. Students who are majoring in Religious Studies for the B.A. or conjoint B.A./B.Ed. degrees or who are doing a concentration of 24 credit hours for the B.P.E. or conjoint B.P.E./B.Ed. degrees and who have completed courses in Religious Studies at another university must complete at least 12 credit hours in Religious Studies at this University.

HONOURS DEGREE

Students planning to do further work in Religious Studies should bear in mind that an Honours degree is the normal requirement for admission to Graduate Schools. Students intending to do an Honours Degree of Bachelor of Arts with a Major in Religious Studies must comply with the General Regulations for Honours Degrees, and must complete at least 60 credit hours in Religious Studies courses including Religious Studies 4998 (a comprehensive examination in the area of their specialization) or 4999 (Dissertation). Candidates for Honours may also be required to do courses in a further subject area.

Candidates for Honours should arrange their programme at the earliest opportunity, normally before the beginning of their fifth semester at the University.

Candidates will normally be required to have a reading knowledge of a language basic to their area of specialization.

In each case the programme of studies leading to an Honours degree will be determined in consultation with the Head of the Department of Religious Studies, or delegate, keeping in mind the needs and interests of the individual candidate.

Candidates whose area of specialization requires a knowledge of Greek must complete Classics 130A and 130B. In such cases these courses may be substituted for six of the 60 credit hours required for an Honours degree in Religious Studies.

JOINT HONOURS DEGREE IN RELIGIOUS STUDIES AND ANOTHER MAJOR SUBJECT

The attention of students is drawn to the possibility of doing a Joint Honours programme that includes Religious Studies as one of the Major subjects. Such a programme may be arranged in consultation with the Head of the Department of Religious Studies and the Head of the other Department concerned.

COURSE LIST

1010. Religion in the Modern World. An introduction to some of the major issues confronting religion in the modern world. The focus will be on such topics as freedom and determinism, good and evil, love and sexuality.

1020. Christianity in Western Civilization. An introduction to Christianity and its place in the history of Western Civilization through examples from Early Christianity, the Reformation, and the Modern Period.

1031. Religion, Death, and the Afterlife. This course examines the treatment of death and the afterlife in the major religions of the world.

2011. Introduction to Asian Religious Traditions. A study of the principles and practices of Hinduism and Buddhism and an examination of the development and teachings of the Chinese traditions of Confucianism and Taoism. Special attention will be given to the interrelationships and mutual dependence of these systems.

2012. Introduction to Judaism and Islam. A study of the principles and practices of Judaism and Islam, including an examination of their rise and development, their similarities and differences, and their role in the modern world.

2013. Introduction to Christianity. A study of the Christian tradition, its development and variety. The course will include an examination of the beliefs and practices of both Eastern and Western Christianity and a study of the main differences among the major Western denominations.

2050. Introduction to the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. The historical background, literary structure, and content of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. The relevance of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament to modern religious issues will also be treated.

2051. Introduction to the New Testament. An introduction to the history and literary structure of the documents comprising the New Testament. Emphasis will be placed on the major themes found in these documents and on the distinctiveness of approach of the individual writers.

2130. History of Christianity: Early Church and Middle Ages. A survey of the history of Christianity from the early church to the late Middle Ages. Topics include the formulation of basic Christian doctrines about God and the person of Christ, the conversion of the Roman Empire, the schism between Eastern and Western Christianity, the rise of papal authority, and the development of scholastic theology.

2140. History of Christianity: Reformation and Modern Era. A survey of the history of Christianity from the Reformation era to the present. Topics include the growth of the Continental and English Reformations, the establishment of the principal Christian denominations, the encounter of Christianity with secular culture, and theological renewal under the impact of modern thought.

2350. Religious Institutions. (Same as Sociology/Anthropology 2350). Psychological, anthropological, and sociological approaches to the nature of religion. Comparative study of religious institutions and beliefs, calendrical feasts and solemnities, the nature of sacrifice and the sacred, religious roles and hierarchies, ritual innovation and revitalization.

2610. Introduction to Religious Ethics. An introduction to religious ethics through the systematic study of selected writers and issues in biomedicine, human sexuality, and social justice. Possible topics for discussion include euthanasia, abortion, poverty, and unemployment.

NOTE: Students who have successfully completed both Religious Studies 2600 and Religious Studies 2601 may not receive credit for 2610.

2800. Women in Western Religions. An examination of the attitudes toward, and roles of, women in the Western religions, including prehistoric traditions, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Contemporary evaluations of these traditions from the point of view of women will also be considered.

2801. Women in Eastern Religions. An examination of the history of women in the traditions of Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, and folk traditions in Asia. The modern status of women in Asia and its relationship to traditional religious ideas will also be studied.

2810. Religion and Modern Culture. An historical examination of the impact of science on religion in Western culture. Particular emphasis will be placed on such developments as the scientific revolution, the rise of modern technology, and the emergence of modern scientific theories.

2811. Introduction to Contemporary Religious Movements. An introduction to contemporary religious movements in the west, including modern witchcraft, Neo-pagan religions, Mother Earth Spirituality, UFO religion, and the New Age Movement.

3030. The Torah. A critical examination of the first five books of the Hebrew Bible in their literary, cultural, and historical setting.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2050.

3053. Anthropology of Religion. (Same as Anthropology 3053.) A critical evaluation of anthropological research on religion, centering on seminal thinkers and major theoretical traditions. Special attention is given to the study of belief systems, and to relationships between belief and ritual.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Religious Studies 3053 and Anthropology 3316.

3060. The Prophets of Israel. A study of the prophets through the relevant books of the Old Testament. Problems of text and interpretation will be discussed in relation to selected passages, but the general approach will be to bring out the creative genius and radical implications of the prophetic movement as a whole.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2050.

3090. The Writings. A critical examination of the poetry and wisdom literature of the Hebrew Bible. This course will include detailed readings of selected texts.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2050.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Religious Studies 3090 and the former Religious Studies 3081.

3121. Greek and Roman Religion. (Same as Classics 3121). A study of the role of religion in the private and public life of the ancient world.

3150. Early Christian Thought. (Same as Classics 3150). An advanced study of selected themes and personalities in Christian thought and literature from the second to the sixth centuries. Particular attention will be given to the controversies centering on the doctrines of the Trinity and the Person of Christ.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2130.

3200. Jesus: His Life and Teaching. A study of the ministry and thought of Jesus of Nazareth as contained in the Gospels and other New Testament writings. Attention will be given to the methods and conclusions of recent scholarship as applied to his principal teachings and to the study of the historical Jesus.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2051.

3210. Paul and His Writings. A study of the Pauline writings and an appraisal of the contribution to Christianity of his mission and theology on the basis of New Testament and other relevant material. Particular attention will be given to such related themes as salvation, reconciliation, grace, and justification.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2051.

3220. The Intertestamental Period. An examination of the history and literature of the Jewish people from the postexilic period to the New Testament era. Emphasis will be upon the literature (both canonical and non-canonical) of this period against the background of social, economic, political, and cultural events. Attention will also be given to the rise of the Jewish sects.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2050 or 2051.

3240. The Acts of the Apostles. A study of the Acts of the Apostles as a reflection of the New Testament period, with emphasis on the geographical expansion of the church and the adaptation of the Christian message to the Hellenistic world.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2051.

3251. Johannine Writings. A study of the New Testament literature known as the "Johannine" writings, exclusive of the Book of Revelation. The nature, structure, and purpose of these writings, along with something of the symbolism and theological importance of the Gospel and the Letters, will be studied.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2051.

3260. Moral Teachings of Early Christianity. An examination of the moral teachings of the early church as they are reflected in the New Testament and in documents contemporary with it. Particular attention will be given to the background, influence, and relevance to contemporary society of this material.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2051.

3270. Christianity and the Roman Empire. (Same as Classics 3270 and History 3270). A study of the relationship between Christianity and the Roman Empire from the first to the fourth century.

3271. The History of Biblical Interpretation. This course is designed to acquaint the student with representative methods of biblical interpretation from late antiquity to the present.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2050 or 2051.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Religious studies 3271 and the former Religious Studies 4200.

3275. Contemporary Issues in Biblical Interpretation. An examination of some of the major issues in modern biblical interpretation, e.g., the relation between early and contemporary Christianity, science and biblical faith, and human autonomy in the modern world. Attention will be paid to the thought of such interpreters as Wellhausen, Spinoza, Schweitzer, Bultmann, Gogarten and Ellul.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2050 or 2051.

3303. Judaism. An examination of the ways in which the major concepts and doctrines of Talmudic Judaism were developed and elaborated in the Medieval Period, how they were affected by the Enlightenment (Haskalah), and how they were transformed by the most important representatives of Modern Judaism.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2012 or departmental permission.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Religious Studies 3303 and the former Religious Studies 3302.

3340. Islam. A study of the religion of Islam in its historical and contemporary manifestations; Muhammad, the Qur'an, Islamic sects, relations with Judaism and Christianity; trends and developments in contemporary Islamic thought and practice.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2012 or departmental permission.

3400. Buddhism. A study of the history of the Buddhist tradition in India and China, the development of the main lines of Buddhist thought, and the nature of the Chinese transformation of Buddhism.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2011 or departmental permission.

3410. Hinduism. This course involves a study of the religious thought and history of India, the literature of Hinduism, the major thinkers in Hindu philosophy, and the role of Hinduism in the culture and society of India.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2011 or departmental permission.

3421. Confucianism. A description of Confucianism as it developed in classical times with Confucius, Mencius, and Hsun-tzu to its status in the twentieth century in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean societies.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2011.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both 3421 and the former 3420.

3422. Taoism. A study of the philosophical Taoist tradition in the works of Lao-tzu, Chuang-tzu, and Lieh-tzu, as well as its development in Neo-Taoism and its influence in East Asian culture.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2011.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both 3422 and the former 3420.

3430. Japanese Religions. An examination of the nature and development of Shinto, the history and characteristics of the major sects of Japanese Buddhism, and the origins and importance of the New Religions of the 19th and 20th centuries, especially Tenrikyo and Soka Gakkai.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2011 or departmental permission.

3500. Philosophy of Religion. (Same as Philosophy 3500). The philosophical aspects of religious belief, religious language, and theology.

3510. Christianity in the Reformation Era. A study of Christian thought and practice in the Reformation era. This course will examine both Protestant and Catholic efforts at reform from the late Middle Ages to the seventeenth century.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2140.

3520. The Orthodox Tradition. A detailed examination of the development, beliefs, literature, and practices of the most important Orthodox churches, both Chalcedonian/Dyophysite (Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) and Monophysite (Coptic Orthodoxy and Armenian Orthodoxy).

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2013 or 2130.

3530. Christianity in the Modern Era. A study of Western Christianity from the Enlightenment to the beginning of the twentieth century through an examination of intellectual and institutional developments as well as changes in popular religious consciousness and practice.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2140.

3560. Christianity in the Middle Ages. (Same as Medieval Studies 3003). A study of the development of Christianity in the West from the eleventh century to the eve of the Reformation, through an examination of its principal thinkers and the most significant societal forces and events: the crusades, the universities, monasticism, religious dissent, and mysticism.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2130.

3591. Christian Mysticism. A study of the origins and development of the mystical tradition in Christianity from the fathers of the early Church to contemporary spirituality. The course will examine representative writers and writings from both the Western Christian tradition and Eastern Orthodoxy.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2013 or departmental permission.

3595. Christianity in the Twentieth Century. A study of the principal religious movements and theological developments of Christianity in the twentieth century. This course will examine topics such as: the Social Gospel, dialectical theology, the ecumenical movement, the growth of fundamentalism, the reforms of Vatican II, and liberation theology.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2140.

3640. Religion and Bioethics. An examination of the religious ethics of health care in the light of foundational concepts of bioethics. Topics to be discussed will include the relation of religion and medicine, as well as specific issues such as abortion, euthanasia, and genetic engineering.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2610.

3650. Religion and Social Justice. A study of basic issues in social justice, such as poverty and social welfare, civil rights and the penal system, from the perspective of religious ethics.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2610.

3660. Religious Issues in War and Peace. This course will examine religious thought regarding themes such as the just war theory, pacifism, civil disobedience, and revolution.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2610.

3670. Religion, Ethics, and Human Sexuality. An examination of religious thought regarding human sexuality, with an analysis of moral issues including premarital sex, homosexuality, and contraception.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2610.

3700. Introduction to Biblical Hebrew I. This course is designed to introduce students to the elements of Biblical Hebrew in order to prepare them for reading the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament in the original. The first part of the course will be concerned with the basic grammar and syntax of Biblical Hebrew.

NOTE: Students who have received prior credit for Religious Studies 4900 may not receive credit for Religious Studies 3700.

3701. Introduction to Biblical Hebrew II. A continuation of Religious Studies 3700. In this second part of the course, after completing the basic grammar, students will progress to the reading of selected Hebrew texts.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 3700.

NOTE: Students who have received prior credit for Religious Studies 4901 may not receive credit for Religious Studies 3701.

3810. Modern Interpretations of Religion. A study of modern attempts to analyze, interpret, and reassess the place and significance of religion in human life. Attention will be given to thinkers such as Nietzsche, Marx, Freud, Sartre, Otto, Eliade, and Tillich.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2810 or departmental permission.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Religious Studies 3810 and the former Religious Studies 3531.

3820. Religion and the Arts. (Same as Visual Arts 3820). An examination of the role of art in the expression of religious ideas, together with a study of specific religious themes and concerns in one or more of the following: literature, film, music, painting, sculpture, and dance.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2810 or departmental permission.

3830. Religion, Science and Technology. A study of the encounter between religion and modern science and technology in terms of its impact on the understanding of human nature and values. The implications of scientific methods and theories for religion will be considered together with reflections on science and technology by religious thinkers.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2810 or departmental permission.

3840. Psychology of Religion. A study of psychological theories of religion in both their classical and contemporary forms. Emphasis will be placed on foundational figures such as William James, Sigmund Freud, and C.G. Jung, but more recent thinkers such as Erik Erikson and Carol Gilligan will also be included. The course will focus on central problems in modern religious thought such as the nature of selfhood, religious conversion, sources of conscience and morality, and mystical experience.

Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2610 or 2810 or departmental permission.

3900. Religion in Newfoundland and Labrador: Beginnings. A study of religion and its role in Newfoundland society from the seventeenth century to the middle of the nineteenth century. Attention will be given to the origin, growth, and consolidation of the Anglican, Roman Catholic, Methodist, Moravian, and Congregational churches.

3901. Religion in Newfoundland and Labrador: The Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. A study of religion and its role in Newfoundland society from the middle of the nineteenth century to the present. The course will include the history of the Anglican, Roman Catholic, United (Methodist), Congregational, and Presbyterian churches in Newfoundland and the establishment and social significance of the Pentecostal movement and the Salvation Army.

3902. Religion in French Canada. A study of the religious traditions of French-speaking Canada and their development from the seventeenth century onwards.

3903. Religion in English Canada. A study of the religious life of the English-speaking areas of Canada, exclusive of Newfoundland. Special attention will be given to the Maritime provinces.

* 4201-4230. Biblical Studies: Special Subjects.

Prerequisite: Departmental permission.

* 4300-4330. World Religions: Special Subjects.

Prerequisite: Departmental permission.

4460. Folk Religion. (Same as Folklore 4460). An examination of folk responses to organized religion, surveying the religious forms and interpretations not specifically delineated by Theology. Areas of focus include: folk religious concepts of space and time; religion and healing; witchcraft and the devil; religious folk art and music; religious verbal art; the role and power of the holy person; the saint system; community social activities sponsored by the church. A discussion of some current popular religious movements will also be included. Attention will be given to material in the MUN Folklore and Language Archive, and research based on field data will be encouraged.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Religious Studies 4460 and the former Religious Studies 4240.

* 4500 and 4510. Seminar in the Philosophy of Religion. (Same as Philosophy 4500 and 4510).

* 4700-4730. Christian Thought and History: Special Subjects.

Prerequisite: Departmental permission.

* 4800-4830. Religion, Ethics, and Modern Culture: Special Subjects.

* 4902-4911. Language Studies: Special Subjects. These courses are designed to provide students with some basic knowledge of the languages necessary for studying the original texts of the major world religions. The languages presently offered through the Department are Mishnaic Hebrew, Aramaic, Coptic, Pali, Tibetan, Japanese, Manchu, Arabic, and Chinese.

NOTE: In addition to those languages mentioned above, courses in Latin and New Testament Greek are available from the Department of Classics and courses in Sanskrit from the Department of Linguistics.

4998. Comprehensive Examination for Honours Students. This examination will be based on a programme of assigned reading related to the general subject area of the candidate's dissertation.

4999. Dissertation for Honours Students.

* These courses will be offered at the discretion of the Department. They are designed to provide an opportunity for students majoring in Religious Studies or doing a strong concentration of courses in the area to pursue advanced study under tutorial supervision.

SOCIOLOGY

GENERAL

First course.

Sociology 1000 or 2000 are prerequisites for all further Sociology courses except 2250 and those cross-listed with the Department of Anthropology. Credit is not given for both Sociology 1000 and 2000. Before taking 3000-level courses, students should have taken at least nine credit hours in courses below the 3000 level. Courses at the 4000 level will normally be taken by students who have previously taken at least nine credit hours in courses at the 3000 level.

The following courses, cross-listed with the Department of Anthropology and identified by the prefix "S/A", are also taught at the introductory level: 2200, 2210, 2220, 2230, 2240, 2260, 2270, 2280, and 2350. A minimum of two of these courses is prerequisite to further cross-listed courses. These courses are open to be taken as first courses or may be taken to follow up a departmental introductory course.

MAJOR

Major Options.

A student majoring in the Department may elect one of two options: (a) Sociology; (b) Interdisciplinary Studies in Sociology and Anthropology. The interdisciplinary option is for students whose major interests lie in areas which overlap departmental boundaries. An interdisciplinary curriculum of courses is available. These courses are recommended for (1) students who are interested in an interdisciplinary Sociology/Anthropology Major; (2) students majoring in either Sociology or Anthropology, wishing to broaden their disciplinary perspective; (3) students in other fields interested in exploring, from an interdisciplinary perspective, specific problem areas in the Social Sciences. The courses in this option are clearly indicated by the designation S/A before the course number. All students must meet the requirements listed under General Degree Regulations, Regulations for the General Degree of Bachelor of Arts. Under these regulations a minimum of 36 credit hours in Sociology courses are required with appropriate added selections from other departments. Specific regulations for each option are:

a) Sociology: Students wishing to Major in Sociology must take Sociology 1000 or 2000, Sociology 3040 (Introduction to the Methods of Social Research), Sociology 3150 (Classical Social Theory), and at least six credit hours in Sociology courses at the 4000 level, of which three credit hours may be completed in a course cross-listed with Anthropology. No more than nine credit hours in courses below the 3000 level may be counted toward the Major. The remaining courses may be selected from any Sociology and S/A offerings at the 3000 and 4000 levels.

These regulations apply to all students who became Majors on or after September 1, 1980.

b) Interdisciplinary (S/A) Option: Students wishing to concentrate in this option must take at least 24 credit hours in S/A courses, plus a minimum of 12 credit hours in courses selected from the offerings of the Anthropology Department or of the Sociology Department or both. Specific requirements are detailed under the Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme. See Sociology-Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme.

MINOR

Minor Option.

A Minor in Sociology requires completion of Sociology 1000 or 2000, Sociology 3040, 3150, at least three credit hours from Sociology courses at the 4000 level, and 12 credit hours in other Sociology or S/A courses.

NOTE: Students majoring in either Anthropology or Sociology cannot elect to Minor in the S/A Programme. Likewise, S/A Majors cannot elect either Anthropology or Sociology as a Minor.

HONOURS

a) Admittance: See University Regulations.

b) Students intending an Honours programme are required to complete 60 credit hours in courses in Sociology and S/A including 4990 or 4991; to meet all the requirements of either a Sociology or Interdisciplinary (S/A) Major; and to meet requirements of General Regulations for Honours Degrees, and regulations for Honours Degree of Bachelor of Arts.

COURSE LIST

NOTE: S/A course descriptions may be found in this Calendar under the Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Programme. An S/A course carries the same Sociology credit as a Sociology course.

1000. Introduction to Sociology. (Prerequisite to most departmental courses). An introduction to the concepts, principles, and topics of Sociology.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Sociology 1000 and 2000. (Restricted primarily to first-year students.)

2000. Principles of Sociology. (Prerequisite to most departmental courses). An introduction to the concepts, principles, and topics of Sociology.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Sociology 1000 and 2000. (Open to first year as well as all other students).

2100. Social Inequality. Introduces the subject of social inequality and stratification, examines social inequality in historical perspective, reviews major theories about social inequality, and considers key social developments in contemporary societies in the area of social inequality.

2110. Economy and Society. Examines the role played by economic conditions in social life, reviews the historical evolution and present nature of socio-economic systems, and explores various theoretical issues such as materialist conceptions of society and the impact of technology.

2120. Technology and Society. An examination of the role of technology in society. Topics may include the emergence of modern technological society, the impact of new technologies on social organization and culture, and the institutionalization of science and the production of scientific knowledge. The course also explores the ideological functions of science and technology in advanced industrial societies as well as the question of "the domination of nature".

S/A 2200. Communities. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 2210. Communication and Culture. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 2220. Labrador Society and Culture. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 2230. Newfoundland Society and Culture. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme) Cross listed with Folklore 2230.

S/A 2240. Canadian Society and Culture. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

2250. Changing World. Sociological analysis of contemporary world issues and social problems.

S/A 2260. War and Aggression. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 2270. Families. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 2280. The City. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 2350. Religious Institutions. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme) Cross listed with Religious Studies 2350.

2610. Socialization. An examination of the social and social psychological processes by which individuals become members of human groups. (Formerly Sociology 4610).

3030. Political Sociology. (Same as Political Science 3030). An introduction to the sociological foundations of political life. Topics to be examined include voting behaviour, comparative power systems, ideologies, mass movements, parties, voluntary associations, and bureaucracies. Attention is given to the concepts of class, status, command, power, authority, and legitimacy.

3040. Introduction to the Methods of Social Research. Objectives of the course are (1) to introduce basic concepts underlying research in the social sciences, and (2) to make students familiar with some techniques that are useful in the analysis of a wide range of sociological data and that represent a good foundation for later study of more advanced techniques.

S/A 3100. Dominance and Power. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

3110. Social Organizations. An analysis of the basic processes of structure and change in organizations, including formal and informal structure, authority, power and control in organizations, organizational roles and conflicts, organizational environments and bureaucracy in modern society.

3120. Social Psychology. Sociological perspectives on social psychology: the physiological and psychological basis of sign and symbol use, the context and emergence of self, identity, role, encounters, social relationships, altercasting.

S/A 3140. Social Movements. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

3150. Classical Social Theory. An introduction to the work of major 19th- and early 20th-century social theorists including Marx, Durkheim, Weber and Freud.

3160. Modern Social Theory. An exploration of selected topics from issues in contemporary social theory, including theories of feminism, the state, the environment, culture, organization, and communication.

Prerequisite: Sociology 3150.

3170. Contemporary Industrial Societies. An analysis of the historical development, contemporary structure and future prospects of industrial societies, including the examination of different types of industrial structure, ownership and control, the internal functioning of industrial organizations and the relation of industrial institutions to the rest of society.

3180. Minority Groups. Examines the nature of minority group status in society and various examples of minority groups in past and present societies, reviews theoretical perspectives on minority groups, and explores various aspects of the relationship between minority groups and the rest of society (formerly Sociology 3304).

3200. Population. An introduction to demography, the scientific study of human populations, their size and composition, and the processes by which they change over time: nuptiality, fertility, mortality, and migration. Includes analyses of past and present Newfoundland populations.

S/A 3210. Persistence and Change in Rural Society. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3220. Work and Society. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

3230. Urban Sociology. An analysis of urban life in terms of family and kinship, social organization, values and attitudes, social stratification, depopulation, and rural-urban transition.

S/A 3240. Regional Studies: Contemporary Native Peoples of Canada. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3241. Regional Studies: The Atlantic. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3242-3249. Regional Studies I. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3254-3257. Regional Studies II. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3258. Contemporary Israeli Culture and Society. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3259. Arab Culture and Society in Palestine and Israel. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3260. Social and Economic Development. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

3290. Deviance. Major sociological theories and methodological techniques central to the study of deviance and crime are outlined and evaluated. The distribution, attributes and explanations of a variety of forms of deviance are examined, which may include violence, sexual deviance, delinquency, addiction, mental disorder, theft, organized crime, political deviance and corporate deviance.

3300-3313. Sociological Specialties. A topic of current interest and importance, announced by the department for each term, such as racial and ethnic relations, sociology of religion, art, politics, language, conflict, stratification, knowledge, selected social problems.

S/A 3314. Gender and Society. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3315-3325 excluding 3316, 3317, 3320. Interdisciplinary Specialties. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3317. Oil and Society. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3320. Terrorism and Society. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

3395. Criminal Justice and Corrections. This course provides an introduction to the operation of the Canadian criminal justice system. Topics to be examined may include the origin, nature and utilization of criminal law, policing, adult and juvenile courts, sentencing, correctional institutions, and community based corrections (probation, parole, community service). Criminal justice policy formulation and application are also discussed.

Prerequisite: Sociology 3290.

S/A 3600. The Use of Theory in Sociology and Anthropology. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3610. Society and the Life Cycle. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3620. Primary Group Behaviour. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 3630. New Media Methods in Social Research. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme) NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both S/A 3630 and the former S/A 4042.

S/A 3700. Social and Cultural Change. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

3710. Post-Soviet Societies. This course examines Soviet-type societies as a distinctive form of social organization and a novel world and historical phenomenon. Special attention is paid to analyzing the causes of collapse and to assessing the legacies of Soviet-type societies. Issues addressed concern the problems created by catch-up modernization, the transition to democracy, and the shift to a market economy.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Sociology 3710 and S/A 3244: Soviet Society.

3720. Ethnicity and Nationalism in Contemporary Societies. This course provides a comparative overview of nationalism as a dominant global force. Issues addressed concern the emergence, social composition, persistence, and viability of nationalist movements in multiethnic societies and the international consequences of nation-state formation or restructuring.

3731. Sociology of Culture. A comparative examination of major contemporary sociological texts on the relationship between culture, broadly understood as symbolic systems, and social structure.

S/A 4000. Society and Culture. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

4040. Advanced Methods of Social Research. Conceptualization and empirical research. Selection of appropriate indicators. Multidimensional classification. Multivariate analysis. Special aspects of multivariate analysis. Panel analysis. Group analysis. The structure of arguments. Clarification of concepts.

Prerequisite: Sociology 3040 or equivalent.

S/A 4070-4079 excluding 4071 and 4072. Advanced Interdisciplinary Specialties. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 4071. Social and Cultural Aspects of Health and Illness. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 4072. Social and Cultural Aspects of Death. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 4089. Language and Social Change. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 4091. Oil and Development. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 4092. Gender and Social Theory. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

4093-4099 excluding 4096. Special Areas in Sociology. Content announced when offered.

4100-4109 excluding 4107. Special Topics in Institutional Analysis. Advanced analysis from a sociological perspective of issues pertaining to specific social institutions.

4107. Women and Technological Change. (Same as Women's Studies 4107). This advanced seminar will provide an interdisciplinary survey of the effects of technology on women's lives. Topics could include: the historical development of domestic technology; changes in workplace technology and their impact on women; assessing technologies from a feminist perspective; the design of technological systems; biomedical and reproductive technologies; information technologies; biotechnology; developments in architecture and design; women, development, and technology; women and weapons technology; women and ecology; future technological change and women's lives. The course will combine seminar discussions of reading with films, workplace tours and guest speakers.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Women's Studies/Sociology 4107 and the former Women's Studies 3009.

S/A 4110. Culture and Personality. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

4120. Sociology of Art. This course examines the development of art as a social institution, focusing on the relationship between artistic production, the social functions of art, and the structure of the art world (artists, patrons, publics and critics) in different periods.

Prerequisite: Sociology 2210 or 3731 or permission of the instructor.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Sociology 4120 and the former 3730.

4130. Social Stratification. Causes, nature, and consequences of systems of class, status, and power, prestige, esteem, ranking.

Prerequisite: Sociology 2100.

4150. Advanced Social Theory. An intensive examination of sociological theories.

Prerequisites: Sociology 3150 and 3160 or equivalent.

4160. Theory Construction and Explanation in Sociology. Consideration of the nature of explanation in sociology, causality, model building, theory construction.

Prerequisites: Sociology 3150 and 3160 or equivalent.

4170. Sociology of Knowledge. A seminar course which focuses upon some of the most distinctive approaches to the study of the relationship between knowledge and social structure.

Prerequisites: Sociology 3150 and 3160 or permission of the instructor.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Sociology 4170 and the former Sociology 3307.

4200-4220. Special Topics in Sociology.

4600. Social Psychology (Advanced Seminar). Further consideration of topics considered in Sociology 3120, with emphasis on contemporary research.

Prerequisite: Sociology 3120.

S/A 4990. Honours Dissertation. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

S/A 4991. Comprehensive Examination. (See Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies Programme)

SOCIOLOGY/ANTHROPOLOGY INTERDEPARTMENTAL STUDIES PROGRAMME

Programme Supervisor: Dr. Adrian Tanner, Department of Anthropology

GENERAL

The Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Programme is for students whose Major interests lie in areas which overlap departmental boundaries. It was originally (1973-80) a programme option within both the Anthropology and Sociology Departments. The purpose of the programme is to provide for a systematic study of human society through accessible works of Sociology and Anthropology which are not narrowly limited to one discipline. Courses are topical, regional or integrative in character, and a balanced plan of study will include some of each type, with the integrative courses scheduled to follow and draw together lessons of the others. The programme has both Major and Minor components, the details of which are given below. In constructing their individual study plans, students should consult the Programme Supervisor wherever questions arise as to the optimum sequence or suitability of particular courses. S/A programme courses are also part of the Sociology and Anthropology department listings, and may be taken by students in these and other departments, providing they have the appropriate prerequisites or permission of the instructor.

PREREQUISITES

S/A courses at the 2000 level have no prerequisites. For courses at the 3000 or 4000 level students must have taken six credit hours in S/A courses at the 2000 level. For prerequisites for all Sociology and Anthropology courses other than S/A courses see the Sociology or Anthropology departmental regulations. In addition, some courses may have other specific prerequisites, as noted in this calendar, or as set out in the course description. These may, however, be waived at the discretion of the Programme Supervisor or delegate for students who can demonstrate they have equivalent or alternate preparation for the course. If there is any question about this students should, in the first instance, consult the instructor.

S/A MAJOR PROGRAMME

A major in the S/A programme must complete at least 36 credit hours, consisting of 24 credit hours in S/A courses, plus a minimum of 12 additional credit hours (see below).

The 24 credit hours in S/A must include the following:

a) Nine credit hours in introductory courses, including:

- At least six credit hours in S/A courses at the 2000 level;

- Three credit hours in courses chosen from Sociology 1000, Sociology 2000, Sociology 2250, Anthropology 1031, or an additional 2000 level S/A course.

NOTE: Ideally, the nine credit hours in courses at the introductory level should be taken before work on the 3000 level is begun; however, one introductory course may be taken concurrent to work at the 3000 level.

b) S/A 3600, followed by S/A 4000.

c) An additional three credit hours from S/A courses at the 4000 level.

d) Six additional credit hours in S/A courses at the 3000 or 4000 level, to complete the 24 S/A credit hours requirement.

The 12 additional credit hours shall be completed from the following:

- Any Sociology, Anthropology or S/A courses, in any combination, at least six credit hours of which must be taken in courses at the 3000 or 4000 levels.

S/A MINOR PROGRAMME

A Minor in Sociology/Anthropology requires completion of 24 credit hours in S/A courses, as follows:

a) at least nine credit hours in courses at the 2000 level

b) at least 15 credit hours in courses at the 3000 and 4000 level, including S/A 3600 and S/A 4000.

Students will normally complete at least six credit hours in courses at the 2000-level before proceeding to the 3000 and 4000 levels.

HONOURS PROGRAMME

a) Admission. See University Regulations.

b) Honours students must meet all requirements for the S/A Major, must successfully complete either S/A 4990 or S/A 4991, and must satisfy all the University regulations for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Arts.

COURSE LIST

S/A 2200. Communities. An interdisciplinary examination of the concept of Community. Readings will include community studies from North America and Europe.

S/A 2210. Communication and Culture. An examination of verbal and non-verbal systems of communication, and the influence of language on human cognition.

S/A 2220. Labrador Society and Culture. The Sociology and Anthropology of Labrador. The focus is on social and cultural aspects of contemporary Labrador.

S/A 2230. Newfoundland Society and Culture. (Same as Folklore 2230). The Sociology and Anthropology of the Island of Newfoundland. The focus is on social and cultural aspects of contemporary island Newfoundland.

S/A 2240. Canadian Society and Culture. A descriptive and analytic approach to the development of Canadian society and culture.

S/A 2260. War and Aggression. Critical review of ethological, psychological and sociological approaches to the understanding of violence and organized aggression.

S/A 2270. Families. A comparative and historical perspective on the family as a social institution, the range of variation in its structure and the determinants of its development.

S/A 2280. The City. Varieties of urban life around the world and through history. The city as habitat and as spectacle.

S/A 2350. Religious Institutions. (Same as Religious Studies 2350) Comparative study of religious institutions and beliefs, calendrical feasts and solemnities, religious roles and hierarchies, ritual innovation and revitalization.

S/A 3100. Dominance and Power. A study of dominance behaviour in human societies, surveying the range from private to public and from openly exploitative to fully legitimate power systems.

S/A 3140. Social Movements. An examination of social movements which challenge prevailing social institutions and cultural values. Social movements considered may include religious cults and sects, millenarian movements, attempts at utopian and communal living, feminism, labour and revolutionary movements.

S/A 3210. Persistence and Change in Rural Society. This course assesses the social and cultural significance of the rural experience in the face of expanding urbanism. Topics may include (a) the nature of rural society in Canada, (b) similarities between Canadian and European rural society, (c) utopian and anarchist movements in rural life, and (d) reaction of agricultural populations to external influence.

S/A 3220. Work and Society. An historical and comparative perspective on the cultural and social organization of work, its determinants and human implications.

S/A 3240. Regional Studies: Contemporary Native Peoples of Canada. A survey of current social conditions faced by Native communities in Canada and the critical issues posed for governments and society in general.

S/A 3241. Regional Studies: The Atlantic. Selected topics in the ecological, cultural, economic, social and political characteristics of the North Atlantic Region.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both S/A 3241 and the former S/A 4240.

S/A 3242-3249. Regional Studies I. Interdisciplinary approaches to the study of selected regions.

S/A 3254-3257. Regional Studies II. Similar to S/A 3242-3249 as to approach, but applied to different regions. A student may take courses from both 3242-3249 and 3254-3259.

S/A 3258. Contemporary Israeli Culture and Society. This course concentrates upon the ideological turbulence characterizing the process of nation-building in Israel-as a national home for world Jewry and as a new nation state-since its inception to the present day.

S/A 3259. Arab Culture and Society in Palestine and Israel. This course is concerned with the ethnography and the political situation of the Arabs of the Israeli-occupied West Bank of the Jordan and the Gaza Strip, and the minority within Israel itself.

S/A 3260. Social and Economic Development. An examination of theories of development including a critical analysis of empirical situations to which they are applied.

S/A 3314. Gender and Society. An examination of biological, psychological, social and cultural aspects of gender, with an emphasis upon contemporary directions of change in sex roles.

S/A 3315-3325 excluding 3316, 3317 and 3320. Interdisciplinary Specialties. Interdisciplinary approaches to topics of special interest in Sociology and Anthropology.

S/A 3317. Oil and Society. An examination of the sociology of the Western oil industry and of the social and cultural implications of oil activities for those regions in which they occur. Particular attention will be paid to North Atlantic societies: Scotland, Norway and Atlantic Canada.

S/A 3320. Terrorism and Society. An examination of the recourse to violence as a recurring phenomenon in social and political movements. Consideration will be given to problems of classifying and explaining various forms of "terrorism", and to discussing their consequences for society.

S/A 3600. The Use of Theory in Sociology and Anthropology. An examination of the nature of explanation in Sociology and Anthropology. Discusses relationships among the major integrating theories in Sociology and Anthropology and considers how empirical data can be treated from several different theoretical viewpoints. Required for S/A Majors and Minors. Open to others by permission of the instructor.

S/A 3610. Society and the Life Cycle. An examination of the life process seen as a series of socially structured phases. The characteristics of these phases and problems associated with them will be considered in a variety of social and cultural environments, and attempts will be made to explain the variations that are found.

S/A 3620. Primary Group Behaviour. Interdisciplinary approaches to the study of basic human groupings. Considers data on a variety of small groups, from families to work groups, to play groups, in both laboratory studies and in real life. Ethnological material and data from other cultures as well as our own will be utilized.

S/A 3630. New Media Methods in Social Research. (Same as Anthropology 3630). This course will explore non-print means for recording social behaviour and will utilize various forms of the media as a descriptive and an analytic tool.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both S/A 3630 and the former S/A 4042.

S/A 3700. Social and Cultural Change. An examination of processes of, and theories about, social and cultural change. Application to selected ethnological material.

S/A 4000. Society and Culture. A seminar course designed for S/A Majors. Focuses on some of the fundamental questions of social order and social life in their philosophical and ethical dimensions, with particular reference to the history of ideas. Required course for S/A Majors and Minors. Open to others by permission of the instructor.

Prerequisite: S/A 3600.

S/A 4070-4079 excluding 4071 and 4072. Advanced Interdisciplinary Specialities. Advanced interdisciplinary approaches to various topics of importance in the Social Sciences. By permission of the instructor.

S/A 4071. Social and Cultural Aspects of Health and Illness. Topics covered in this course may include: cultural concepts of illness and health; theories of disease causation; relationships between social life and illness patterns; symbolic use of illness; variations in philosophies of treatment and in practitioner/patient relationships; the social organization of medicine. Open to those without normal prerequisites by permission of the Instructor.

S/A 4072. Social and Cultural Aspects of Death. Topics covered in this course may include: symbolic meanings and values attached to death; cultural and historical variations in the management of death, e.g. treatment of the 'terminally ill', burial rites, the mourning process, and the social fate of survivors, together with the social and psychological meanings of these behaviours. Open to those without normal prerequisites by permission of the Instructor.

S/A 4089. Language and Social Change. Study of the sociology of language as manifested in connection with traditional communities under the impact of change.

Prerequisite: S/A 3210 or by consent of the instructor.

S/A 4091. Oil and Development. An advanced seminar which will consider some selected topics dealing with the petroleum industry and its implications for economic development and social change. A comparative approach will be taken, using material from developed, underdeveloped and intermediate regions of the world.

Prerequisite: S/A 3260 or S/A 3317 or permission of the instructor.

S/A 4092. Gender and Social Theory. This seminar will develop the material covered in S/A 3314 at a more theoretical level. It will cover the history of social thought as it applies to issues of gender, and will discuss some theoretical debates in the area of gender and social theory.

Prerequisite: S/A 3314 or permission of the instructor.

S/A 4110. Culture and Personality. The integration of culture, systems of cognition and communication, and personality in the context of culture and cultural change.

S/A 4990. S/A Honours Dissertation.

S/A 4991. S/A Comprehensive Examination.

WOMEN'S STUDIES

Programme Coordinator: Dr. P.K. Artiss, Department of English

The Minor in Women's Studies is a multidisciplinary programme offered to candidates for the degrees of Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science. The Minor programme is an alternative to a Minor offered by a single department and satisfies the degree requirement for a Minor.

The objective of the programme is to explore the experience and contributions of women from the perspective of different academic disciplines and to compare the situation of women in society with that of men. Assumptions about women and gender differences and the social implications of these assumptions will be explored. While consideration will be given to socially relevant issues, attention will also be paid to the implications for academic disciplines of the research on women and their contribution to society.

REGULATIONS

Students who minor in Women's Studies shall complete a minimum of 24 credit hours in courses which shall include the following:

1) Women's Studies 2000

2) Women's Studies 4000

3) A minimum of 12 credit hours in courses from List A below taken in at least three different subject areas.

4) An additional six credit hours in courses to be chosen from Lists A and/or B below. One of these courses may be a selected topics or directed readings course in any Arts subject relevant to the Minor programme.

A selected topics course or directed readings course included in a student's minor programme must be approved in advance by the Committee on Undergraduate Studies on the recommendation of the Programme Coordinator. For more information about Special Topics courses, see General Regulations, item O. Special Topics Courses.

5) Not more than three credit hours in courses in the student's Major Programme may also be used to satisfy the requirements of the Minor in Women's Studies.

COURSE LIST

Required Courses:

Women's Studies 2000. An Interdisciplinary Introduction to Women's Studies. An interdisciplinary introduction to the major concepts, issues and debates of Women's Studies.

Women's Studies 4000. Seminar in Women's Studies. An interdisciplinary seminar designed to focus on women's issues, and on theories and methodologies of women's studies.

Three hour seminar per week.

Prerequisites: Students must normally have completed Women's Studies 2000 and 15 credit hours in other Women's Studies Programme courses before taking Women's Studies 4000. In exceptional cases, students without these prerequisites may be accepted into the course, with the approval of the Instructor of WSTD 4000 and the Programme Coordinator.

Optional Courses:

Women's Studies 2001. Women and Science. An investigation of historical and contemporary contributions of women scientists, especially Canadians; different sciences and how they study women; and feminist and other perspectives on gender and science.

Three hours of lectures per week.

Women's Studies 3000-3010. Special Topics in Women's Studies.

Women's Studies 4107. Women and Technological Change. (Same as Sociology 4107). This advanced seminar will provide an interdisciplinary survey of the effects of technology on women's lives. Topics could include: The historical development of domestic technology; changes in workplace technology and their impact on women; assessing technologies from a feminist perspective; the design of technological systems; biomedical and reproductive technologies; information technologies; biotechnology; developments in architecture and design; women, development, and technology; women and weapons technology; women and ecology; future technological change and women's lives. The course will combine seminar discussions of reading with films, workplace tours and guest speakers.

NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Women's Studies/Sociology 4107 and the former Women's Studies 3009.

List A

English 3817. Writing and Gender
English 3830. Women Writers
History 3760. Women in Western Society and Culture, (I)
History 3770. Women in Western Society and Culture, (II)
Linguistics 3212. Language, Sex and Gender
Political Science 3140. Feminist Political Theory
Political Science 3340. Women and Politics
Psychology 2540. Psychology of Gender and Sex Roles
Religious Studies 2800. Women in Western Religions
Religious Studies 2801. Women in Eastern Religions
Sociology/Anthropology 3314. Gender and Society
Sociology/Anthropology 4092. Gender and Social Theory
Sociology/Anthropology. A special topics course from the block 3314-3325 dealing with gender and society (excluding 3316, 3317 and 3320)
Women's Studies 2001. Women and Science
Women's Studies 3000-3010 (excluding 3009). Special Topics in Women's Studies
Women's Studies/Sociology 4107. Women and Technological Change

List B

*Education 3565. Gender and Schooling
Philosophy 2805. Contemporary Issues
Psychology 3533. Sexual Behaviour
Religious Studies 3650. Religion and Social Justice
Social Work 5522. Women and Social Welfare
Sociology/Anthropology 2270. Families

*Education 3565 may be applied to the Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree only in the case of students who complete the Women's Studies Minor Programme.

NOTE: Normal prerequisites and waiver policies in the respective departments will apply.


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Last modified October 22, 1996