2005 - 2006 Calendar

Faculty of Science

Faculty List
Research Units
Centre for Earth Resources Research (CERR)
Ocean Sciences Centre (OSC)
Degree Regulations
Admission to the Department of Subject of Major
Limited Enrolment Courses
Regulations to Govern Supplementary Examinations in the Departments of Biochemistry, Computer Science, Mathematics and Statistics, and Physics and Physical Oceanography
Waiver of Regulations for Undergraduate Students
Bachelor of Science - General
Bachelor of Science - Honours
Joint Programs
Program Regulations and Course Descriptions
Biochemistry
Biology
Chemistry
Computer Science
Earth Sciences
Economics (See Faculty of Arts section of the Calendar)
Geography (See Faculty of Arts section of the Calendar)
Mathematics and Statistics
Physics and Physical Oceanography
Psychology
Science 1000, 1001, 1150, and 1151


FACULTY LIST

Dean Lucas, C.R., B.Sc., M.Sc. Acadia, D.Phil. Oxon, F.C.I.C.; Professor of Chemistry

Associate Dean (Administration and Undergraduate) Gardner, G.A., B.Sc. Guelph, M.Sc., Ph.D. British Columbia; Associate Professor of Biology

Associate Dean (Research) Schneider, D.C., B.Sc. Duke, Ph.D. SUNY, Stony Brook; Professor; Cross appointments with Departments of Biology and Psychology, and from Ocean Sciences Centre

Manager, Finance & Administration Gosse, Charles, C.M.A.

DEPARTMENT OF BIOCHEMISTRY

DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY

DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY

DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE

DEPARTMENT OF EARTH SCIENCES

DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS AND PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY

DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

SCIENCE 1150/1151


DEPARTMENT OF BIOCHEMISTRY

Head

Mulligan, M.E., B.Sc.(Hons.) National University of Ireland, Ph.D. Harvard; Winner of the President’s Award for Distinguished Teaching, 1999; Professor

Professor Emeritus

Mookerjea, S.S., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Calcutta

Professors

Brosnan, J.T., B.Sc.(Hons.), M.Sc. National University of Ireland, D.Phil. Oxford; University Research Professor, Awarded 1990; CIHR Senior Investigator

Brosnan, M.E., B.A.(Hons.), M.Sc., Ph.D. Toronto; Cross appointment with Faculty of Medicine

Davis, P.J., B.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial

Driedzic, W.R., B.Sc.(Hons.) York, M.Sc. Toronto, Ph.D. British Columbia; Canada Research Chair in Marine Bioscience; Cross appointment from Ocean Sciences Centre

Heeley, D.H., B.Sc.(Hons.), Ph.D. Birmingham; Deputy Head (Graduate and Research)

Herzberg, G.R., B.S., Ph.D. Maine

Hoover, R., B.Sc.(Hons.) Ceylon, M.Sc. Leeds, Ph.D. Alberta

Hulan, H.W., B.Sc.(Hons.), M.Sc. McGill, Ph.D. Maine

Martin, A.M., B.E., D.Ch.E. Havana, M.C.I.C.

Patel, T.R., B.Sc.(Hons.), M.Sc. Baroda, M.A., Ph.D. Texas; Cross appointment from Department of Biology

Rahimtula, A.D., M.Sc. Bombay, Ph.D. Southampton; Cross appointment with School of Pharmacy; Deputy Head (Undergraduate)

Robinson, J.J., B.Sc.(Hons.) University College Dublin, M.Sc. Trinity College Dublin, Ph.D. Alberta

Shahidi, F., B.Sc. Shiraz, Ph.D. McGill, University Research Professor, Awarded 1998; Cross appointments with Ocean Sciences Centre and with Department of Biology

Associate Professors

Ghazala, S., B.Sc. Baghdad, Dip.Mech.Eng., M.Sc.Mech.Eng. University of Technology, Baghdad, Ph.D. McGill

Kaur, S., B.Sc. Punjab, M.Sc. Punjab Agricultural, Ph.D. Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research; CIHR New Investigator; Cross appointment with Faculty of Medicine

Liu, H., B.Sc.(Pharm.), M.Sc.Pharm. Beijing Medical, Ph.D. Alberta; Cross appointment from School of Pharmacy

McGowan, R.A., B.Sc.(Hons.) Brock, Ph.D. SUNY, Buffalo; Joint appointment with Department of Biology

Roebothan, B., B.Sc.(Hons.) Memorial, M.Sc. Saskatchewan, Ph.D. Memorial; Joint appointment with Faculty of Medicine

Assistant Professors

Bertolo, R.F.P., B.A.Sc., (Hons.) McMaster, M.Sc., Ph.D., Guelph; Canada Research Chair in Human Nutrition

Booth, V.K., B.Sc.(Hons.) Victoria, M.Sc. Waterloo, Ph.D. Toronto

Brunton, J.A., B.A.Sc. Guelph; Ph.D. McMaster

Nag, K., B.Sc.(Hons.), M.Sc. (Part I) Calcutta; M.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial; CIHR New Investigator; Cross appointment with Department of Physics and Physical Oceanography

Randell, E.W., B.Sc.(Hons.), Ph.D. Memorial; Cross appointment from Faculty of Medicine

Volkoff, H., B.Sc. Pierre and Marie Curie University; M.Sc. University of Aix-Marseille III; Ph.D. Clemson University; Joint appointment with Department of Biology

Adjunct Professors

Banoub, J., B.Sc.(Hons.), M.Sc. Alexandria, Ph.D. Montreal

Friel, J.K., B.Sc. Loyola, M.Sc. Saskatchewan, Ph.D. Guelph

Payne, J.F., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial

Administrative Assistant

Sinnott, A.L., B.Comm., MBA Memorial

Amino Acid Laboratory Supervisor

Skinner, C.T.

Senior Technician, Student Laboratory

Murphy, M.J., B.Sc., B.Ed. Memorial

Supply Supervisor

Garrett, M.D.


DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY

Interim Head

Colbo, M., B.Sc., M.Sc. Alberta, Ph.D. Queensland; Professor

Professores Emeriti

Bal, A.K., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Calcutta

Burton, D., B.Sc. Wales, P.G.C.E., Ph.D. London

Haedrich, R.L., A.B., A.M., Ph.D. Harvard; University Research Professor, Awarded 1999; Cross appointments with Ocean Sciences Centre and Department of Earth Sciences

Khan, R.A., B.S.A., M.Sc., Ph.D. Toronto

Steele, D.H., B.Sc. Western Ontario, M.Sc., Ph.D. McGill

Honorary Research Professors

Burton, M., B.Sc., Ph.D. London; Cross appointment with Ocean Sciences Centre

May, A.W., B.Sc.(Hons.), M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. McGill, DU Ottawa, D.Sc. Memorial, LL.D. Brock

Professors

Carr, S. M., B.Sc. California Polytechnic, Ph.D. Berkeley; Cross appointment to Faculty of Medicine

Collins, M.A.J., B.Sc., Cert. Ed., M.Sc. Southampton, B.Ed., M.Ed. Memorial, Ph.D. Keele; Winner of the President’s Award for Distinguished Teaching, 1996-1997; Associate Vice-President (Academic) (on leave)

Finney-Crawley, J.R., B.Sc. Wales, M.Sc., Ph.D. London; Winner of President’s Award for Distinguished Teaching 2000-2001 (on leave)

Gow, J.A., B.Sc. Guelph, M.Sc. Western Ontario, Ph.D. McGill

Green, J.M., B.Sc. Michigan, M.Sc. Miami, Ph.D. British Columbia

Innes, D., B.Sc. British Columbia, M.Sc. Dalhousie, Ph.D. S.U.N.Y.

Patel, T.R., B.Sc., M.Sc. Baroda, M.A., Ph.D. Texas

Whittick, A., B.Sc. London, M.Sc. Durham, Ph.D. Memorial

Associate Professors

Dabinett, P.E., B.Sc., Cert. Ed. London, Ph.D. Western Ontario; Graduate Officer; Cross appointment with Ocean Sciences Centre; Deputy Head

Dickinson, A.B., B.Sc. London, B.Ed., M.Sc. Memorial, M.A.(Ed.) Leeds, M.Phil., Ph.D. Cambridge; Operational Director CCIFTD (on leave)

Dunbrack, R., B.A. New Brunswick, Ph.D. Simon Fraser

Emerson, I.P., B.Sc. Toronto, B.Ed., M.Sc. Memorial; First Year Coordinator

Fahraeus-Van Ree, G., M.E., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. State University of Utrecht, The Netherlands

Gardner, G.A., B.Sc. Guelph, M.Sc., Ph.D. British Columbia; Associate Dean of Science (on leave)

Hermanutz, L., B.Sc. Guelph, M.Sc. Windsor, Ph.D. Western Ontario; Cross appointment with Botanical Garden

Hooper, R.G., B.Sc. Victoria, Ph.D. Portsmouth; Curator, Phycological Herbarium; Director, Bonne Bay Marine Station; Cross appointment to Sir Wilfred Grenfell College

Jones, I.L. B.Sc. Carleton, M.Sc. Toronto, Ph.D. Queen’s

Knoechel, R., B.Sc., Cornell, Ph.D. McGill

Kao, M., B.Sc. Taiwan, M.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial

Lee, D.R., B.Sc. McGill, M.Sc. Mount Allison, Ph.D. Aberdeen

McGowan, R.A., B.Sc.(Hons.) Brock, Ph.D. SUNY/AB; Joint appointment with Department of Biochemistry

Miller, E.H., B.Sc. Alberta, M.Sc. Canterbury, Ph.D. Dalhousie

Murrin, F., B.Sc. Memorial, M.Sc. Acadia, Ph.D. Queen’s

Pickavance, J.R., B.Sc., Ph.D. Liverpool

Scott, P.J., B.Sc. Alberta, Ph.D. Memorial; Curator, Agnes Marion Ayre Herbarium

Singleton, D.R., B.Sc. Memorial, M.Sc. McGill; Undergraduate Officer

Snelgrove, P., B.Sc.(Hons.) Memorial, M.Sc. McGill, Ph.D. Woods Hole; Joint appointment with Ocean Sciences Centre

Assistant Professors

Edinger, E., B.A. California, M.Sc., Ph.D. McMaster; Joint appointment with Department of Geography

Staveley, B.E., B.Sc., M.Sc. Guelph, Ph.D. Alberta

Volkoff, H., B.Sc. Pierre et Marie Curie University, M.Sc. University of Aix-Marseille III, Ph.D. Clemson University; Joint appointment with Department of Biochemistry

Adjunct Professors

Anderson, M.R., B.Sc., M.Sc. Larval, Ph.D. McGill

Barker, D., B.Sc.(Hons.), M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Dalhousie

Brouillet, L., B.Sc., M.Sc. Univ. Montreal, Ph.D. Waterloo

Chen, Y., B.Agric.(Fish.Sci.) Qingdao, M.Sc., Ph.D. Toronto

Debnath, S., B.Sc.Ag.(Hons.), M.Sc.Ag. Bangladesh Agric. Univ., Ph.D. India Agric. Res. Inst.

Dixon, P.L., B.Sc. Memorial, M.Sc. Guelph, Ph.D. Edinburgh

Gibson, R. J., B.S., M.A. Trinity College, Dublin Univ., B.Sc., M.Sc. Western Ontario, Ph.D. Waterloo

Gregory, R.S., B.Sc.(Hons.) Acadia, M.Sc. Trent, Ph.D. British Columbia

Hicks, B., B.Sc.(Hons.), M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Univ. Edinburgh

Hutchings, J.A., B.Sc. Toronto, M.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial

Knight, T.W., B.Sc.(Hons.) Guelph, M.Sc. Lakehead, Ph.D. Memorial

McKenzie, D.B., B.S.A., M.Sc. Manitoba, Ph.DF. Texas A & M

McLaren, B., B.Sc. Toronto, Ph.D. Michigan Tech. Univ.

Methven, D.A., B.Sc. Mt. Allison, M.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial

Mosseler, A., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Univ. Toronto

Robertson, G.J., B.Sc. Queens, Ph.D. Simon Fraser

Schaefer, J.A., B.Sc. McGill, M.Sc. Manitoba, Ph.D. Saskatchewan

Stenson, G.B., B.Sc. Alberta, Ph.D. British Columbia

Whitney, H.G., B.Sc. McGill, M.Sc. Saskatchewan, Ph.D. Montréal

Cross Appointments

Brown, J.A., B.Sc. St. Francis Xavier, M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Queen’s; Associate Professor (Research); Cross appointment from Ocean Sciences Centre

Deibel, D., B.Sc. Bucknett, Ph.D. Georgia; University Research Fellow, Associate Professor (Research); Winner of the
    President’s Award for Outstanding Research, 1990-1991; Cross appointment from Ocean Sciences Centre

Driedzic, W.R., B.Sc. York, M.Sc. Toronto, Ph.D. British Columbia; Cross appointment from Ocean Sciences Centre

Fletcher, G.S., B.Sc. British Columbia, Ph.D. California; Professor (Research); Cross appointment from Ocean Sciences Centre

Gamperl, A.K., B.Sc. (Hons.), M.Sc. Guelph, Ph.D. Dalhousie; Cross appointment from Ocean Sciences Centre

Montevecchi, W.A., B.A. Northeastern, M.Sc. Tulane, Ph.D. Rutgers; Cross appointment from Department of Psychology

Nicholls, K.W., B.Sc.(Hons.) Univ. College of Wales, Ph.D. British Columbia; Cross appointment from Botanical Garden

Patel, J.T., B.Sc., M.Sc. Majaraja Sayajirao, M.S. Texas Women’s, Ph.D. S.U.N.Y. (Buffalo); Cross appointment from Fisheries and Marine Institute

Rivkin, R.B., B.Sc., M.Sc. City College, New York, Ph.D. Rhode Island; Cross appointment from Ocean Sciences Centre

Rose, G.A., B.Sc. Guelph, M.Sc. Laurentian, Ph.D. McGill; Cross appointment from Fisheries and Marine Institute

Schneider, D.C., B.Sc. Duke, Ph.D. SUNY, Stony Brook; Associate Dean (Research); Professor ; Cross appointment from Ocean Sciences Centre; Cross appointment with Department of Psychology

Shahidi, F., B.Sc. Shiraz, Ph.D. McGill; Cross appointment from Department of Biochemistry

Thompson, R.J., B.Sc. Bristol, Ph.D. Leicester; Professor (Research); Cross appointment from Ocean Sciences Centre

Wroblewski, J.S., B.Sc. Illinois, M.Sc., Ph.D. Florida State; Professor (Research); Cross appointment from Ocean Sciences Centre

Administrative Staff Officer

Squires, P.

Supervisor of Laboratories

Collins, G.


DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY

Head

Davis, R.W., B.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. British Columbia; Associate Professor

Professores Emeriti

Anderson, H.J., M.Sc. Manitoba, Ph.D. Northwestern, F.C.I.C.

Machin, W.D., B.Sc. Carleton, Ph.D. Rensselaer, F.C.I.C.

Professors

Bodwell, G.J., B.Sc., M.Sc. Victoria, Dr.rer.nat. Tech. Univ. Braunschweig; Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1998-1999; Winner of the Petro Canada Young Innovator Award, 1999-2000

Georghiou, P.E., B.Sc.(Hons.) Witwatersrand, Ph.D. McGill, F.C.I.C.

Gogan, N.J., B.Sc., Ph.D. National University of Ireland, Dublin, F.C.I.C.; Chair, Environmental Science Program; Cross appointment with Ocean Science Centre

Helleur, R.J., B.Sc. Concordia, M.Sc. McGill, Ph.D.Queen's; Cross appointment with Ocean Science Centre

Jablonski, C.R., B.Sc. Mass., Ph.D. Calgary, F.C.I.C.; Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1984-1985; Interim Dean of Graduate Studies

Loader, C.E., B.Sc. Nottingham, M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Nottingham; Deputy Head (Undergraduate Studies)

Lucas, C.R., B.Sc., M.Sc. Acadia, D.Phil. Oxon, F.C.I.C.; Dean of Science

Mezey, P.G., M.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Budapest, D. Sc. Saskatchewan; Canada Research Chair in Scientific Modelling and Simulation

Pickup, P.G., B.A., D.Phil. Oxon; Deputy Head (Graduate Studies and Research)

Poirier, R.A., B.Sc., M.Sc. Laurentian, Ph.D. Toronto, F.C.I.C.; Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1986-1987

Thompson, L.K., B.Sc., Ph.D. Manchester, F.C.I.C.; University Research Professor, Awarded 1995

Associate Professors

Atherton, J.N., B.Sc. Liverpool, M.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial, Ac. Dip. Ed. London

Flinn, C.G., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Dalhousie

Mackey, M.D., B.Sc. British Columbia, M.Sc., Ph.D. Guelph

Assistant Professors

Bottaro, C.S., B.Sc.(Hons.) St. Mary's, Ph.D. Dalhousie

Merschrod, E., A.B. Bryn Mawr Coll., M.S., Ph.D. Cornell

Pansare, S.V., B.Sc., M.Sc., Univ. Pune (India), Ph.D. Alberta

Thompson, D.W., B.Sc.(Hons.), M.Sc. Queen's, Ph.D. York

Zhao, Y., B.S., M.S. Dalian, Ph.D. Alberta

Assistant Professor (term)

Hattenhauer, K.M., B.Sc. Winnipeg, Ph.D. Manitoba

Cross-Appointment

Parrish, C.C., B.Sc. Wales, Ph.D. Dalhousie; Cross appointed from Ocean Sciences Centre

Administrative Officer

Corbett, L.

Director, CREAIT Network

Miller, D., B.Sc., M.Sc. Memorial

Chemistry Stores Supervisor

Ballard, S.

Undergraduate Laboratory Supervisor

Gulliver, G.


DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE

Head

Banzhaf, W., Dipl. Phys. Ludwig-Maximilian, Munich, Dr.rer.nat Friedericiana, Karlsruhe; Professor

Professors

Bartha, M., M.Sc., Ph.D. József Attila University, Hungary

Gillard, P., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial

Lu, S., B.Eng. Peking, M.Sc., Ph.D. Waterloo

Miminis, G., Dipl. Greek Center of Productivity, B.Sc. Univ. of Ioannina (Greece), M.Sc., Ph.D. McGill; Chair, Computational Science Program 

Tang, J., M.Sc. Iowa, Ph.D. Penn. State

Vidyasankar, K., M.Tech. I.I.T. Kanpur, Ph.D. Waterloo

Wang, C.A., B.A. Peking, M.Sc., Ph.D. Alberta

Zuberek, W., M.Sc., Ph.D., D.Sc. Warsaw Tech.

Associate Professors

Brown, E., B.Sc.(Hons.) Memorial, M.Sc. U. of T., Ph.D. Toronto, LL.B. Victoria

Byrne, R., B.Sc.(Hons.), B.Eng. Memorial, M.Sc., Ph.D. Victoria

Deb, A., M.Tech. Calcutta, Ph.D. Iowa

Fiech, A., Ph.D. Kansas State

Shieh, J., B.Sc. Beijing, M.Sc., Ph.D. Simon Fraser

Assistant Professors

Mata-Montero, M., B.Sc. Costa Rica, M.Sc. Illinois, Ph.D. Victoria

Wareham, T., B.Sc.(Hons.), B.A., M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Victoria

Lecturers

Batten, D.L., B.Sc. Memorial, M.Sc. Queen's

Gupta, R., B.A. Agra Univ., B.A. Memorial, M.S. Georgia Tech.

Zuberek, M., B.Eng., M.Sc. Warsaw Tech.

Cross-Appointments

Norvell, T.S., B.Sc.(Hons.) Dalhousie, M.Sc., Ph.D. Toronto; Cross appointment with Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science

Parsons, J., B.Comm.(Hons.) Memorial, Ph.D. British Columbia; Cross Appointment with the Faculty of Business Administration

Peters, D.K., B.Eng. Memorial, M.Eng., Ph.D. McMaster, P.Eng.; Cross appointment with Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science

Systems Manager

Rayment, M., B.Sc. Memorial, MS M.I.U.

Systems Personnel

Boland, T., B.Sc. Memorial, AITD, ITI

Hart, D., B.Sc., Dipl. IT Memorial

Price, P., B.Sc. Memorial

White, N., B.Sc. Memorial, MS M.I.U.

Wissink, M., B.Sc. New Brunswick

Young, J., B.Sc. Memorial

Laboratory Instructor

Johnstone, S., B.Sc. Memorial

Instructional Assistants

Anthony, S., B.Sc. Memorial

Milley, C., B.Sc. Memorial

Verbree-Barnes, I., B.Sc. Memorial

Computer Industry Internship Coordinator

Chapman, L., B.Sc. Acadia

Administrative Staff Specialist

Boone, E.


DEPARTMENT OF EARTH SCIENCES

Head

To be determined

Professores Emeriti

Longerich, H., B.Sc. Millikin, Ph.D. Indiana

Rochester, M.G., B.A., M.A. Toronto, Ph.D. Utah, F.R.S.C.; University Research Professor, Awarded 1986

Honorary Research Professor

Williams, H., M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Toronto; F.R.S.C.

University Research Professor

Hall, J., B.A. Oxon, DIC London, Ph.D. Glasgow, P.Geo.; University Research Professor, Awarded 2003

Professors

Aksu, A.E., B.Sc. Ege, M.Sc., Ph.D. Dalhousie

Burden, E.T., B.Sc., M.Sc. Toronto, Ph.D. Calgary, P.Geo.

Dunning, G.R., B.Sc., M.Sc. Carleton, Ph.D. Memorial; Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1994-1995

Gale, J.E., B.A.(Ed.), B.Sc. Memorial, M.Sc. Western Ontario, M.Eng.Sci., Ph.D. Berkeley, P.Geo.; Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1985-1986

Hiscott, R.N., B.Sc. Brock, Ph.D. McMaster, P.Geo.

Hodych, J.P., M.A., Ph.D. Toronto

Jenner, G.A., B.Sc., M.Sc. Western Ontario, Ph.D. Tasmania

Johansen, T., BaSc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Oslo; Canada Research Chair in Reservoir Engineering; Cross appointment with Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science

Miller, H.G., B.Sc., M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. British Columbia, P.Geo.

Myers, J.S., B.Sc.(Hons.), ARCS, DIC, Ph.D. London

Quinlan, G.M., B.Sc. Toronto, Ph.D. Dalhousie, P.Geo.

Rivers, C.J.S., B.Sc. Belfast, Ph.D. Ottawa

Sylvester, P.J., B.S. Purdue, Ph.D. Washington

Wilton, D.H.C., B.Sc. Memorial, M.Sc. British Columbia, Ph.D. Memorial, P.Geo.

Wright, J.A., B.A.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Toronto, P.Geo.; Director, Major Research Partnerships

Associate Professors

Azmy, K., B.Sc. Ain Shams, M.Sc. Windsor, Ph.D. Ottawa

Bording, R.P., B.S. Missouri, M.S. Alabama, Ph.D. Tulsa; Husky Energy Chair in Oil and Gas Research

Calon, T.J., M.Sc., Ph.D. Leiden

Enachescu, M.E., M.Sc., Ph.D. Bucharest; Husky Energy Senior Research Fellow in Exploration Geophysics

Hurich, C., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Wyoming

Indares, A., B.Sc. Grenoble, M.Sc., Ph.D. Montreal

Mason, R.A., B.Sc. London, Ph.D. Aberdeen, P.Geo.

Meyer, R., B.A. Lawrence, M.Sc. Michigan State, Ph.D. Calgary

Slawinski, M.A., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Calgary; Petro Canada Chair in Applied Seismology

Wilson, M.R., B.Sc.(Hons.), Ph.D. Sask.

Assistant Professors

Bóna, A., B.Sc.(Hons) Czech Technical University, Ph.D. Calgary

Jamieson, R., B.Sc., M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D McMaster

Leitch, A., B.Sc., Ph.D. Australian National

McIlroy, D., B.Sc. Manchester, D.Phil. Oxford; Canada Research Chair in Petroleum Geoscience and Geotechnology

Visiting Assistant Professor

Bucataru, I., M.Sc., Ph.D. “AC.I. Cuza” of lasi

Adjunct Professors

Anderson, A., B.Sc.(Hons.) Windsor, M.Sc. Manitoba, Ph.D. Queen’s

Cabri, L.J., B.Sc.(Hons.) Witwatersrand, M.Sc.(Appld.), Ph.D. McGill; Emeritus Research Scientist (CANMET, NRC)

Kaminski, M.A., B.A. Rutgers, M.Sc. Jagiellonian, Ph.D. W.H.O.I./M.I.T.

Pulham, A.J., B.Sc.(Hons.) Liverpool, Ph.D. Swansea

Post-Doctoral Fellows

Grimes, S., B.Sc. Massachusetts, M.S. Boston College, Ph.D. Texas

Poujol, M. Ph.D. Montpellier II

Yaltırak, C., B.Sc. Istanbul Technical, M.Sc. Istanbul, Ph.D. Istanbul Technical

Undergraduate Officer

Pätzold, R., B.Sc., M.Sc. Memorial

Research Computing Specialist

Smith, D., B.Sc.(Hons.)

Laboratory Instructor

Hicks, R., M.Sc. Dalhousie

Administrative Officer

Penney, M., B.Comm., C.M.A., M.B.A. Memorial


DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS

Interim Head

Watson, B., B.A., M.A., Ph.D. Western Ontario; Professor

Professor Emeritus

Shawyer, B.L.R., B.Sc., Ph.D. St. Andrews, C.Math., F.I.M.A.(U.K.)

MATHEMATICS

Professors

Bahturin, Y., D.Sc., Ph.D. Moscow; University Reseach Professor, Awarded 2002

Bass, D.W., B.Sc. Hull, M.Phil, P.G.C.E. London, Ph.D. Warwick; Joint Appointment to Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science

Booth, P.I., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Hull; Winner of the Dean of Science Distinguished Scholar Medal, 1996

Brunner, H., M.A., Ph.D. E.T.H. Zurich; University Research Professor, Awarded 1994

Gaskill, H.S., B.A. Colorado College, M.A. Colorado, Ph.D. Simon Fraser

Goodaire, E.G., B.Sc. Toronto, Ph.D. British Columbia

Heath, P.R., B.Sc., Ph.D. Hull, DBS Durham, MTS Queen's

Parmenter, M.M., B.Sc. Toronto, Ph.D. Alberta; Motivational Teaching Award, 2003

Summers, D., B.Sc., Ph.D. London, F.I.M.A. (U.K.); University Research Professor, Awarded 2000

Associate Professors

Foster, A., B.Sc., Ph.D. Dalhousie, M.Math. Waterloo; Motivational Teaching Award, 2001

Kocabiyik, S., B.Sc., M.Sc. Middle East Tech., Ph.D. Western Ontario; Petro-Canada Young Innovators Award, 2000

Mantyka, S., B.A., M.B.A. Sask., M.Math., Ph.D. Waterloo

Oleson, M., B.Sc. Manitoba, M.Sc., Ph.D. Waterloo (on leave)

Pike, D., B.Math. Waterloo, MAM, Ph.D. Auburn, FTICA

Rees, R.S., B.Sc., B.Med.Sc., Ph.D. Queen's, FTICA; Hall Medal, 1999

Rideout, D., B.A.(Ed.), B.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. McGill; Motivational Teaching Award, 2000

Shalaby, N.A.I., M.A. York, Ph.D. McMaster

Suvak, J.A., B.S. St. Martin's College, M.S., Ph.D. Arizona

Zhao, X., B.S., M.S. Northwest, Ph.D. Academia Sinica

Zhou, Y., B.Sc. Hunan Normal, M.Sc. Beijing Normal, Ph.D. British Columbia

Zou, X., B.Sc. Zhongshan (Sun Yat-Sen), M.Sc. Hunan, Ph.D. York; Petro-Canada Young Innovators Award, 2002

Assistant Professors

Booth, I., B.Sc. Memorial, M.Sc., Ph.D. Waterloo; Cross appointment to Department of Physics and Physical Oceanography

Kondratieva, M., M.Sc. Moscow Inst. of Electronics & Math, Ph.D. Tomsk State

Sadov, S., M.Sc. Moscow Inst. of Electronics and Math, Ph.D. Keldysh Inst. for Applied Math

Xiao, J., M.Sc. Hunan, Ph.D. Peking

Yuan, Y., B.Sc., Wuhan, M.Sc. Central South Univ. of Tech., Ph.D. Western Ontario

Laboratory Instructor

O'Reilly, G., B.Sc. Memorial

STATISTICS

Professors

Lee, C.C., B.Sc. Cheng-Kung, M.Sc., Ph.D. Oregon State; Deputy Head

Sutradhar, B.C., B.Sc. Dacca, M.Sc. Dacca and Western Ontario, Ph.D. Western Ontario; University Research Professor, Awarded 2004

Associate Professors

Oyet, A., B.Sc., M.Sc. Fed. U. of Tech., Ph.D. Alberta; Graduate Officer

Peng, P., B.Sc., M.Sc. Lanzhou, Ph.D. Newcastle

Wang, H., B.Sc. Beijing Normal, Ph.D. Regina

Assistant Professor

Sneddon, G., B.Sc.(Hon.) Acadia, M.Sc., Ph.D. Dalhousie

Adjunct Professor

Cadigan, N., B.Sc., MAS Memorial, Ph.D. Waterloo

Consultants for Master of Applied Statistics Program

Bartholomew, L., B.Sc., M.A.S. Memorial; Newfoundland Statistical Agency

Cadigan, N., B.Sc., M.A.S. Memorial, Ph.D. Waterloo; Department of Fisheries and Oceans, St. John's

Lye, L.M., B.Sc.(Hons.) Bolton Inst., Ph.D. Manitoba, P.Eng.; Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, Memorial University of Newfoundland

Schneider, D.C., B.Sc. Duke, Ph.D. SUNY, Stony Brook; Ocean Sciences Centre, NICOS

Thompson, R.J., B.Sc. Bristol, Ph.D. Leicester; Ocean Sciences Centre, Logy Bay

Tsoa, E.Y., B.A. Taiwan, M.A., Ph.D. Notre Dame; Department of Economics, Memorial University of Newfoundland

Undergraduate Officer

Johnson, H., B.Sc. Memorial

Administrative Staff Specialist

English, R.


DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS AND PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY

Head

Whitehead, J.P., B.Sc. St. Andrew's, Ph.D. Alberta; Professor

Professores Emeriti

Cho, C.W., B.Sc. Seoul, M.A., Ph.D. Toronto

Clouter, M.J., M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Toronto; University Research Professor, Awarded 2000

Gien, T.T., Lic. és Sc. Saigon, M.Sc., Ph.D. Ohio; University Research Professor, Awarded 2001

Reddy, S.P., M.Sc., D.Sc. Andhra, F. Inst. P. London, F.A.P.S.

Rochester, M.G., M.A. Toronto, Ph.D. Utah, FRSC; University Research Professor, Awarded 1986; Cross appointment from Department of Earth Sciences

Honorary Research Professor

Rich, N.H., B.Sc., M.S. Maine, Ph.D. S. California

Professors

de Bruyn, J.R., M.Sc. Queen's, Ph.D. British Columbia; Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1996-1997

de Young, B., B.Sc., M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. British Columbia; Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1997-1998; Cross appointment with Ocean Sciences Centre

Lagowski, J.B., B.Sc. Manitoba, M.Sc., Ph.D. Toronto

Lewis, J.C., B.Sc., M.Sc. Carleton, Ph.D. Toronto

Morrow, M.R., B.Sc. McMaster, M.Sc., Ph.D. British Columbia

Associate Professors

Afanassiev, I., Ph.D. P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Acad., M.Sc. Moscow Physical-Technical University

Quirion, G., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Sherbrooke

Zedel, L., B.Sc., M.Sc. Victoria, Ph.D. British Columbia; Petro-Canada Young Innovators Award, Awarded 2001 (on leave)

Assistant Professors

Andrews, G.T., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial

Beaulieu, L., B.Sc. University of Ottawa, M.Sc., Ph.D. Dalhousie

Bourgault, D., M.Sc. Quebec at Rimouski, Ph.D. McGill

Curnoe, S.H., B.Sc. Toronto, Ph.D. British Columbia (NSERC UFA)

Demirov, E., M.Sc., Ph.D. University of St. Petersburg, Russia

Poduska, K., B.A. Carleton College, M.S., Ph.D. Cornell

Adjunct Professors

Davidson, F., B.Sc. Ottawa, M.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial

De'Bell, K., B.Sc. King's College, University of London, M.Sc. Westfield College, University of London, Ph.D. University of London

Han, G., B.S., M.S., Ph.D. Hohai University

Mroz, B., M.Sc., Ph.D. Mickiewicz University

Whitmore, M.D., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. McMaster

Cross-Appointments

Booth, I., B.Sc.(Hons.) Memorial, M.Sc., Ph.D. University of Waterloo; Cross appointment from Mathematics and Statistics

Mezey, P., M.Sc., Ph.D. University of Budapest, D.Sc. University of Saskatchewan; Canada Research Chair; Cross appointment from Chemistry

Nag, K., B.Sc.(Hons.) University of Calcutta, M.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial; Cross appointment from Biochemistry

Wroblewski, J.S., B.Sc. Illinois, M.Sc., Ph.D. Florida State; Cross appointment from Ocean Sciences Centre

Post-Doctoral Fellows

Curtis, K.A., B.S.(Intensive) Yale University, Ph.D. University of California, San Diego

Patchedjiev, S., B.S. Sofia, M.S., Ph.D. Dalhousie

Pavel, D., Ph.D. RMIT University (Australia)

Administrative Officer

Corbett, D.

Laboratory Co-ordinator

Deacon, C.G., Ph.D. Birmingham, MBA Memorial

Cryogenics Officer

Holly, W.


DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

Head

Evans, J.H., B.A., Ph.D. Wales; Associate Professor

Honorary Research Professors

Kozma, A., M.A., Ph.D. Western Ontario

Lien, O.J., B.A. St. Olaf College, M.S., Ph.D. Washington State

Professors

Adamec, R.E., B.A. Middlebury, M.A., Ph.D. McGill; University Research Professor, Awarded 1993; Cross appointment with Faculty of Medicine

Adams, R.J., B.A. Concordia, Ph.D. McMaster; Cross appointment with Faculty of Medicine

Button, C.M., B.Sc., M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Rhode Island

Courage, M.L., B.A. Memorial, M.Sc. Alberta, Ph.D Memorial; Cross appointment with Faculty of Medicine

Grant, V.L., B.A., M.A. Toronto, Ph.D. Memorial

Hannah, T.E., B.A., M.A. Carleton, Ph.D. State University of New York at Stony Brook

Harley, C.W., B.S. San Francisco State, M.S., Ph.D. Oregon; Cross appointment with Faculty of Medicine

McKim, W.A., B.A. Memorial, M.A. Toronto, Ph.D. Western Ontario

Malsbury, C., B.A. Northwestern, M.A., Ph.D. McGill; Cross appointment with Faculty of Medicine

Martin, G., B.Sc., M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Australian National University

Montevecchi, W.A., B.A. Northeastern, M.Sc. Tulane, Ph.D. Rutgers; Cross appointments to Ocean Sciences Centre and Department of Biology

Penney, C., B.Sc.(Hons.) McGill, M.A., Ph.D. Toronto

Peterson, C., B.S. Washington, Ph.D. Minnesota

Rabinowitz, F.M., B.A., M.S. Rensselaer, Ph.D. Iowa

Ross, A.S., A.B. Dartmouth, M.A. Syracuse, Ph.D., Minnesota

Sherrick, M.F., B.A., M.A., Ph.D. Cincinnati; Winner of the President's Award for Distinguished Teaching, 1992-1993

Storey, A.E., B.Sc., M.A. Manitoba, Ph.D. Rutgers

Walker, Lilly J. Shubert, B.A. Jamestown College, M.A., Ph.D. University of North Dakota; Dean, Office of Student Affairs and Services

Associate Professors

Anderson, R.E., B.A. Wisconsin, Ph.D. California

Andrews, E.A., B.A., B.Sc., M.Sc. Memorial

Arlett, C., B.Sc. Leicester, M.A., Ph.D. British Columbia

Gaulton, R.S., B.A., B.A.(Ed.) Memorial; Co-ordinator, First Year

Gosse, V., B.A., M.Ed. Memorial, M.Sc. Memorial

Grant, M., B.A., M.A. Toronto

Maddigan, R.I., B.A.(Hons.), M.Sc. Memorial

Moeser, S.D., B.A. Simon Fraser, M.A., Ph.D. McGill, M.B.A. Georgetown

Penney, R., B.A.(Hons.) Memorial, M.A., Ph.D. Michigan State, M.F.T. Hahnemann; Cross appointment to Counselling Centre

Rose, H.G., B.A. Memorial, Ph.D. McMaster

Skinner, D.M., B.Sc.(Hons.) Memorial, Ph.D. Toronto

Strawbridge, J., B.A., M.A. Carleton, Ph.D. Queen's; Director of Faculty Relations

Assistant Professors

Fowler, K.F., B.Sc.(Hons.), Ph.D. Memorial

Hadden, K., B.A.(Hons.) York, M.A., Ph.D. Saskatchewan

Hannah, E.R., B.Sc. Buenos Aries, M.A. SUNY at Stony Brook

Snook, B., B.A. Memorial, M.Sc., Ph.D. Liverpool

Walsh, C.J., B.Sc.(Hons.) Memorial, M.A. Toronto, Ph.D. Memorial

Adjunct Professor

Sjare, B.L., B.Sc.(Hons.) Alberta, M.Sc. McGill, Ph.D. Alberta

Cross Appointments

Brown, J.A., B.Sc. St. Francis Xavier, M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Queen's; Cross appointment from Ocean Sciences Centre

Canning, P.M., B.A.(Hons.) UPEI, M.A., Ph.D. Univ. of Windsor; Cross appointment from Faculty of Education

Corbett, D., B.A. Dalhousie, M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Concordia; Cross appointment from Faculty of Medicine

Doyle, M., B.Sc.(Hons.) Memorial, M.Ed., Ed.D. Toronto; Cross appointment from Counselling Centre

He, P., B.Sc. Zhejiang Fisheries College, Zhejiang, China, Ph.D. Aberdeen; Cross appointment from Fisheries and Marine Institute

Jones, I.L., B.Sc.(Hons.) Carleton, M.Sc. Toronto, Ph.D. Queen's; Cross appointment from Ocean Sciences Centre

Miller, E.H., B.Sc.(Hons.) Alberta, M.Sc. Canterbury University (New Zealand), Ph.D. Dalhousie; Cross appointment from Department of Biology

Murray, P.M., B.Sc.(Hons.) Ulster, Ph.D. StirlingCross appointment from Faculty of Medicine

Schneider, D.C., B.S. Duke, Ph.D. SUNY at Stony Brook; Cross appointment from Ocean Sciences Centre

Administrative Staff Specialist

Howard, M., Dip. Bus. Admin., Memorial

Laboratory Instructor

Milway, S., B.A., Concordia

Instructional Assistant

Gaborko, L., B.Sc. Trent

Research Computing Specialist

Earle, A., B.Sc. Memorial


SCIENCE 1150/1151

Associate Professor

Smith, F.R., B.Sc., M.Sc. Memorial; Co-ordinator

Laboratory Instructor

Strong, B., B.Sc. Memorial


RESEARCH UNITS

Centre for Earth Resources Research (CERR)

Ocean Science Centre


CENTRE FOR EARTH RESOURCES RESEARCH (CERR)

Director

to be determined

RESEARCH GROUP

The Centre draws on the research expertise of faculty and research staff members in the Department of Earth Sciences as well as other specialists inside and external to the University. For a complete listing of faculty, see Earth Sciences entry.

SCOPE AND OBJECTIVES

The CERR was established in 1983 to provide for the co-ordination and promotion of earth resources research and associated work related to the origin, discovery, development, exploitation, and environmental aspects of earth resources.

The Centre promotes, initiates, and co-ordinates research within the earth resources disciplines on the national and international scenes. Researchers interact, when appropriate, with the industrial and government sectors and introduce other organizations to the potential benefits of further research and development in earth resources.

The special facilities of the Centre complement the development of graduate and undergraduate programs in earth sciences and related disciplines at Memorial University of Newfoundland. A further function of the Centre is to contribute to the training of people competent in solving earth resources problems and to encourage personnel exchanges with industry and government.

The Alexander Murray Building houses the Centre, and has laboratories for teaching and basic and applied research.

ORGANIZATION

The Centre is an integral part of the Department of Earth Sciences. The active research of faculty members contributes to programs in the Centre. Increasing collaboration is under way with government and industry in research projects that emphasize earth resources. The work of the Centre addresses problems and opportunities related to mineral resources, petroleum resources, exploration technology, environmental geoscience, and generic research.

The Centre works closely with other local, national, and international research institutes. CERR hosts the geoscience component of the University's Oil and Gas Development Partnership.

OCEAN SCIENCES CENTRE (OSC)

ADMINISTRATION

Boyce, D., B.A., M.Sc. Memorial; Aquaculture Development Supervisor, Aquaculture Research and Development Facility

Devereaux, J.; Field and Laboratory Services Supervisor

Fleming, I.A., B.Sc. Queen’s Univ., M.Sc. Simon Fraser Univ., Ph.D. Univ. of Toronto; Associate Professor and Director, Ocean Sciences Centre

Nichols, D., B.A., MMS.Memorial; Research Marketing Manager

Walsh, G.; Facilities Management; Resident Engineer

Wheeler, D.; Staff Administrative Specialist, Finance

SCIENTIFIC STAFF

Brown, J.A., B.Sc. St. Francis Xavier, M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Queen's; Professor (Research); Cross appointments with Departments of Biology and Psychology

Deibel, D.R., B.Sc. Bucknell University, U.S.A., Ph.D. University of Georgia, U.S.A.; Professor; Cross appointment with Department of Biology

Driedzic, W.R., B.Sc. York, M.Sc. Toronto, Ph.D. British Columbia; Professor; Tier I Canada Research Chair in Marine Bioscience; Cross appointments with Departments of Chemistry and Biochemistry

Gamperl, A.K., B.Sc., M.Sc. Guelph, Ph.D. Dalhousie; Assistant Professor; Cross appointment with Department of Biology

Parrish, C.C., B.Sc. Wales, Ph.D. Dalhousie; Professor (Research); Winner of the President's Award for Outstanding Research, 1995-1996; Professor

Rivkin, R.B., B.Sc., M.Sc. City College, New York, Ph.D. Rhode Island; Professor; Cross appointment with Department of Biology

Schneider, D.C., B.Sc. Duke, Ph.D. SUNY, Stony Brook; Professor; Cross appointments with Departments of Biology and Psychology

Snelgrove, P.V.R., B.Sc. Memorial, M.Sc. McGill, Ph.D. Woods Hole; Associate Professor; Tier 2 Canada Research Chair in Boreal and Cold Ocean Systems; Cross appointment with Department of Chemistry; Joint Appointment with Department of Biology

Thompson, R.J., B.Sc. Bristol, Ph.D. Leicester; Professor (Research); Cross appointment with Department of Biology

Wroblewski, J.S., B.Sc. Illinois, M.Sc., Ph.D. Florida State; Professor (Research); Cross appointment with Department of Biology

Honorary Research Professor

Burton, D., B.Sc. Wales, Ph.D. London; Biology


Professor Emeriti

Fletcher, G.L., B.Sc. British Columbia, Ph.D. California

Khan, R.A., B.SA, M.Sc., Ph.D., Toronto; Biology


Adjunct Professors

Afonso, L., B.Sc. Brazil, M.Sc. Fed. Univ. of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, Ph.D. Univ. of British Columbia; NRC, Halifax

Anderson, J.T., B.Sc., M.Sc. Guelph, Ph.D. British Columbia; Department of Fisheries and Oceans

Cote, D., M.Sc. Wilfrid Laurier Univ., Ph.D. Univ. of Waterloo; Terra Nova National Park

Dixon, B., B.Sc. Wilfrid Laurier Univ., M.Sc. Univ. of Guelph, Ph.D. Dalhousie Univ. of Waterloo

Ewart, K., B.Sc. Moncton, Ph.D. Memorial; Associate Research Officer, National Research Council - Institute for Marine Biosciences, Halifax

Johnson, S.C., B.Sc. Victoria, M.Sc. Dalhousie, Ph.D. Simon Fraser; Associate Research Officer, National Research Council - Institute for Marine Biosciences, Halifax

Mansour, Atef, B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Cario Univ.; Research Scientist, Dept. of Fisheries and Oceans, St. John’s, NL

McKenzie, C., B.Sc., Ph.D. Texas A & M; Department of Fisheries and Oceans

McKinley, S., B.Sc. Guelph, M.Sc. York, Ph.D. Waterloo; NSERC Industrial Chair and Canada Research Chair; Professor, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of British Columbia

Morgan, J.M., B.Sc. Mount Alison, Ph.D. Queen's; Department of Fisheries and Oceans

Pepin, P., B.Sc. McGill, Ph.D. Dalhousie; Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Centre, Department of Fisheries and Oceans

Walsh, S., B.Sc., M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Univ. of Bergen, Norway; Department of Fisheries and Oceans

Whyte, J.N.C., B.Sc., Ph.D. Edinburgh; Research Scientist, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, B.C.

Cross-Appointed Faculty

Dr. M.P. Burton; Department of Biology

Dr. N. Gogan; Department of Chemistry

Dr. R. Helleur; Department of Chemistry

Dr. W. Montevecchi, Department of Psychology

Dr. F. Shahidi; Department of Biochemistry

Dr. H. Volkoff; Department of Biology

Post-Doctoral Fellows

Gollock., M. B.Sc. Edinburgh University, Ph.D. University of Exeter

Hale, M., B.Sc., Ph.D. Flinders University, Australia

Koseki, Y., B.Sc. Shinshu Univ., M.Sc., Ph.D. Hokkaido Univ.

Manning, T., B.Sc. McGill Univ., M.Sc., Ph.D. Memorial

Rideout, R.M., B.Sc., M.Sc. Memorial, Ph.D. Univ. of New Brunswick

Trela, P., M.Sc. Gdansk University, Poland, Ph.D. Dalhousie

Research Associates

Puvanendran, V., B.Sc. Sri Lanka, Ph.D. Memorial

Shears, M., B.Sc. N.B., Ph.D. Memorial

Research Specialist

DuRand, M., Ph.D. Massachusetts

Research Assistants

Jones, D., B.Sc. Saskatchewan

King, M.J., B.Sc. Memorial

Lee, S.H., B.Sc., M.Sc. Memorial

Short, C., B.Sc. Memorial

The Ocean Sciences Centre (OSC) provides scientists at Memorial University of Newfoundland and other organizations with first-rate facilities for research in cold ocean sciences. In addition, the OSC supports quality graduate education in a broad range of marine science and related disciplines. Located on the most eastern coast of Canada the Centre lends itself to the shore-based study of cold ocean processes, and sub-arctic and arctic fauna and flora. Current research foci are aquaculture, biological and chemical oceanography, and fundamental principles of behaviour, biochemistry, and physiology that underlie the first two themes.  The OSC is a key player in AquaNet, Canada’s first federal Network of Centres of Excellence (NCE) devoted to aquaculture. The OSC is an AquaNet Core Facility, as well as its Administrative Centre.

Located at Logy Bay, 9.6 km from the main campus, the OSC has an excellent unpolluted sea water supply that is the lifeline of the centre. There are 35 laboratories (22 provided with running seawater) and facilities for microscopy, histochemistry, analytical chemistry, radioisotope counting, physiological work, and standard analyses for oceanography. Large holding areas permit scientists to maintain a variety of marine organisms for long periods at ambient and controlled water temperatures. The Seal Research Facility offers research opportunities on North America’s only population of captive harp seals. The Field Services Unit provides extensive resources for field studies including: year round SCUBA diving, small research vessels, a tank truck for the transportation of live specimens, and a wide-range of oceanographic and collecting equipment.

The Logy Bay complex includes machine, woodworking and electronics shops, computer resource personnel, and a multimedia classroom. Desktop computers are linked to the mainframe cluster on campus, with high-resolution printing and graphics, and an image analysis facility.

The Aquaculture Research and Development Facility provides state-of-the-art facilities designed to support research, training, pre-commercial production, and small-scale commercial trials, on alternative species for marine aquaculture. A critical component of the new facility is a sea water system designed to deliver high quality, temperature controlled, flow through and re-circulating water. There are areas for broodstock conditioning, hatchery and nursery operation, first-feeding, on-growing, and live food production. Under investigation are: Atlantic halibut, Atlantic cod, Atlantic salmon and smaller flounder species.

Research Themes

- Aquaculture nutrition and production
- Reproductive biology of finfish and molluscs
- Development and behavioral ecology of larval and juvenile fish
- Survival of marine organisms without oxygen
- Antifreeze proteins and cold adaptation in fish
- Biological production and the ecology of cold oceans
- Transport and fate of lipids in cold ocean ecosystems
- Physiology of feeding and digestion in marine invertebrates
- Marine biotechnology
- Fisheries oceanography
- Quantitative biology and population interactions


DEGREE REGULATIONS

ADMISSION TO THE DEPARTMENT OF SUBJECT OF MAJOR

Admission to certain major programs within the Faculty is limited and competitive.

Admission to all major programs within the Faculty is upon formal application to the department of the subject of major after completion of the admission requirements.

Unless otherwise indicated by the Departmental Admission Regulations as published in the University Calendar under departmental regulations, students upon formal application by Change of Academic Program Form, are normally admitted to the department of major program upon successful completion of 30 credit hours which must include:

a) Six credit hours in English courses
b) Six credit hours in Mathematics courses
c) Six credit hours in courses from each of two Sciences other than Mathematics.

Students seeking admission to departments with Departmental Admission Regulations as indicated above must apply for admission on the appropriate Departmental Application for Admission Form upon completion of the specified admission requirements. 

LIMITED ENROLMENT COURSES

Certain course offerings in the Faculty of Science will be identified as being Limited Enrolment Courses and will be clearly identified as such in the University Timetable. Students who have registered for a Limited Enrolment Course must confirm their registration either (1) by attending at least one of the first three hours of lecture in the course and the first meeting of any laboratory section of the course; or (2) by notifying the department in writing within the first five university working days of the semester. Students who do not confirm their registration may be dropped from the course on the recommendation of the Head of Department. 

REGULATIONS TO GOVERN SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS IN THE DEPARTMENTS OF BIOCHEMISTRY, COMPUTER SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS, AND PHYSICS AND PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY

1) Supplementary examinations will be allowed in certain of the Biochemistry, Computer Science, and Physics and Physical Oceanography courses, and all Mathematics and Statistics courses which have written final examinations. In each course, students will be informed as to the possibility of a supplementary examination during the first week of classes. This information will be provided in writing, as part of the evaluation scheme for the course.

2) Supplementary examinations will be similar in length and degree of difficulty as the original final examination.

3) Students who wish to write supplementary examinations must apply in writing to the department within one week of release of grades.

4) A student who has clear or conditional standing may write a supplementary examination in a course if the final grade obtained is 45-49F and if his or her term mark is at least 50%.

5) In order to pass the course, the student, must pass the supplementary examination. If the student passes the supplementary examination, then a new grade will be calculated using the same weighting scheme as used in the course, but with the result of the supplementary examination replacing that of the original final examination. Any additional course requirements, including a requirement to pass the laboratory component of a course, will continue to apply.

6) If the new course grade is higher than the original, it will replace the original grade on the student's transcript, subject to the condition that the final mark will not exceed the student's term mark. The student's transcript will indicate that the course result was earned as the result of a supplementary examination.

7) Supplementary examinations will be written no later than the first week of the semester immediately following the one in which the course was failed. Normally they will coincide with the writing of deferred examinations. Grades for supplementary examinations will be submitted to the Office of the Registrar within one week following the commencement of classes for that semester.

8) A student may write a supplementary examination for any one registration in a course only once; if the course result following the supplementary examination is a fail then the course must be repeated in order to obtain credit.

WAIVER OF REGULATIONS FOR UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS

Where circumstances warrant, any prerequisite or prerequisites listed in Departmental Regulations may be waived by the Head of the Department. Any Department Regulations may be waived by the appropriate Committee on Undergraduate Studies upon request of the Head of the Department concerned.


REGULATIONS FOR THE GENERAL DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE

1) For the General Degree of Bachelor of Science a candidate will be required to complete, subject to the following Regulations, 120 credit hours applicable to the degree which shall include:

a) Six credit hours in English courses
b) Six credit hours in Mathematics courses
c) Six credit hours in courses from each of two Sciences other than Mathematics.

2) a) Courses shall be chosen so that a candidate shall have completed an approved concentration of courses in one subject to be known as the candidate's Major. In selecting courses in their Major, candidates must comply with the Departmental Regulations approved by the Senate and printed in the Calendar. The Departmental Regulations shall require not fewer than 36 nor more than 45 credit hours in courses from the subject of the Major (including the courses in that subject completed at the first year level). (See also Notes 1 and 2 .

b) The subject of the candidate's major shall be that declared by the candidate on the appropriate admission form and approved by the department at the time of admission.

c) The 36 or more credit hours in courses from one subject referred to in a) above, may be chosen from the following subjects, and may include courses in that subject which were completed at first-year level: Biology (see Note 4 ), Biochemistry (see Note 6), Chemistry, Computer Science, Earth Sciences, Economics, Geography, Mathematics (except 1150, 1151) and Statistics, Physics, Psychology.

d) A candidate may change the subject of the Major during any Regular Registration Period provided he or she has first applied for and received acceptance by the department to which application is being made.

e) In those Departments which offer programs leading to both a degree of Bachelor of Arts and a degree of Bachelor of Science, students are free to choose the degree program they wish to follow and may change from one to the other; however, they may not obtain BOTH degrees in the same Major subject at this University. Students who are concurrently completing the Bachelor of Commerce (Co-operative) degree should refer to the entry JOINT DEGREES OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (COMPUTER SCIENCE) AND BACHELOR OF COMMERCE (CO-OPERATIVE) immediately following these regulations.

3) Further courses may be chosen from any of the subjects listed in Clause 2 above, or from other courses approved by the Committee on Undergraduate Studies of the Faculty of Science (see Note 5), provided that, of the 120 credit hours required:

i) candidate shall have completed at least 78 credit hours in courses from the subjects listed in Clause 2 above, including the Major courses and the courses required for admission; See Notes 3 and 5.

ii) there shall be not fewer than five subjects in which a candidate shall have completed courses. At least four of these subjects shall be chosen from the subjects listed in Clause 2 above. In the case of unspecified transfer credits awarded in a subject area not taught at Memorial University of Newfoudland any number of such transfer credits in the aggregate shall count as one subject area.

iii) not more than 15 unspecified transfer credit hours awarded in a subject area not taught at Memorial University of Newfoundland shall be used to satisfy the requirements of the degree.

4) Before a candidate registers, the Head of the Department of his or her Major, or delegate, shall approve a candidate's program which is in accordance with the above regulations. The Head of the Department or delegate shall advise each candidate of programs suitable for his or her particular needs.

5) To obtain a general degree of Bachelor of Science a candidate shall have:

i) satisfied all the conditions of  UNIVERSITY REGULATIONS - GENERAL ACADEMIC REGULATIONS (UNDERGRADUATE), GRADUATION under Application for Graduation - Degrees, Diplomas and Certificates.

ii) obtained an average of at least 2.0 points per credit hour in the 78 credit hours in Science required for the degree;

iii) obtained an average of at least 2.0 points per credit hour in the minimum number of credit hours in the major subject (or, in the case of joint majors, subjects) required for the major program (or, in the case of joint majors, programs).

6) Where a student satisfies the separate departmental regulations for a major in two or more subjects for which a specific joint program does not exist, such subjects shall be recognized as the major subjects for the general degree of Bachelor of Science.

7) A candidate may complete a minor of at least 24 credit hours in courses from a subject area other than that of the Major chosen from Clause 2(c) above or from minors available in the Faculty of Arts, the Faculty of Business Administration, and the School of Music. (It should be noted that because of departmental regulations for the Major, not every candidate may be able to fit a minor into his or her 120 credit hours program).

a) The subject of the candidate's minor shall be that declared by the candidate on the Change of Academic Program Form which must then be signed by the Head of the Department of the Minor.

b) A candidate must follow the departmental regulations for the Minor as set forth in the appropriate section of the Calendar.

c) The Head of the Department of the Minor will advise the candidate on the selection of courses in the Minor.

d) Students who have taken courses appropriate to their Minor at another University are required to complete at least 6 credit hours in courses from that subject at this University. These courses must be chosen in consultation with the Head of the Department of the Minor program. 

e) A candidate must obtain a grade point average of at least 2.0 in the credit hours prescribed for the minor program.

NOTES: 1) Departmental regulations are not intended to debar students from taking more than the required courses in the subject of their Major.

2) Students who have taken courses in the subject of their Major at another university are required to complete at least 12 credit hours in courses from that subject at this University.

3) Science 2010/2011 may be used to fulfil in part the requirement of 78 credit hours in Science.

4) Biology 2120 may not be used for credit by Biology Majors.

5) When Science course equivalents have been established by Department Heads for Engineering courses, credit may not be obtained for both the Engineering course and the established equivalent course offered by the Faculty of Science.

6) In the case of Biochemistry the courses for the Biochemistry program shall include Chemistry 2400 and 2401


REGULATIONS FOR THE HONOURS DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE

A program is offered leading to the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science. An Honours degree offers greater specialization in a given field of knowledge than a General degree, and requires higher than average academic achievement. Possession of this degree will be of great advantage to all students planning more advanced work in their chosen field. In many cases, an Honours degree is a prerequisite for admission to a graduate program.

1) Admission and Registration

2) Course Requirements

3) Comprehensive Examination and Dissertation

4) Departmental Regulations

5) Residence Requirements

6) Academic Standing

7) Classification of Degrees


1) Admission and Registration

a) Declaration of Intent:

A candidate for an Honours degree shall declare in writing his (her) intention to pursue an Honours program and to obtain an Honours degree in a specified subject or subjects. Such declaration shall be submitted to his (her) Department(s) of specialization and to the Registrar not earlier than the beginning of his (her) fifth semester at the University, and not later than the final date set for the application for a degree.

NOTE: An otherwise qualified student who fails to declare his (her) intention to obtain an Honours degree on or before the last day of the period outlined above shall be awarded a General degree even if he (she) fulfils all other requirements for an Honours degree. The University cannot undertake to notify him (her) that he (she) may be eligible for an Honours degree.

b) At the beginning of each registration period the Head(s), or delegate(s), of the Department(s) in which a candidate is taking Honours, shall approve a candidate's program. The Head(s) of Department(s), or delegate(s), shall advise each candidate of programs suitable for his or her particular needs.

c) Students who have been awarded a Bachelor of Science (General) degree may convert it to a Bachelor of Science (Honours) degree by declaring their intention and by completing the requirements for the Honours degree as outlined in these regulations.

2) Course Requirements

a)(i) For the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science with a single subject major a candidate will be required to have completed 120 prescribed credit hours in courses. For the Joint Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science a candidate will be required to have completed either 120 or 135 credit hours as prescribed by the specific program.

(ii) Clause 2.a.(i) notwithstanding, certain Departmental regulations preclude the possibility of completing a single subject Honours degree in 120 credit hours and may require the completion of 123, 126 or 129 credit hours in courses. (See Note below). In such cases all courses required to satisfy requirements of the degree will be used to determine Academic Standing 6(ii) below.

NOTE: The requirements for an Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science cannot be completed in 120 credit hours if any of the following three statements is true: (i) the student is a major in Chemistry or Physics and has completed Mathematics 1080; (ii) the student is a major in Chemistry or Physics and has completed Chemistry 1800; (iii) the student is a candidate for the Honours BSc degree in Chemistry or Physics and has completed Physics 1021. Such students will only meet the degree requirements after completing 123, 126 or 129 credit hours in courses.

b) Courses shall be chosen so that a candidate shall have completed:

EITHER, (i) at least 60 credit hours from courses in one of the following subjects, including the courses in that subject completed at the first year level: Biology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Computer Science (See Note 2.), Earth Sciences, Economics, Geography, Mathematics and Statistics, Physics and Psychology.

NOTES: 1) For options in the Biochemistry, Dietetics and Nutrition programs the courses shall be those specified in the respective programs.

2) For the Behavioural Neuroscience Program, the courses shall be those specified in the program.

OR, (ii) at least 84 credit hours in courses from two subjects listed in (i) above, including the courses in these subjects completed at the first year level, with no fewer than 36 credit hours in either subject approved by the Committee on Undergraduate Studies of the Faculty of Science on the recommendation of the respective Heads of Departments.

OR, (iii) in special circumstances, a program of at least 90 credit hours in courses from two or more subjects, including the courses in these subjects completed at the first year level, one of which need not be taken from those listed in (i) above, as recommended by the Heads of the Departments concerned and approved by the Committee on Undergraduate Studies of the Faculty of Science.

c) Further courses may be chosen from any of the subjects listed in Clause 2 (b) above, or from other courses recognized for this purpose by the Committee on Undergraduate Studies of the Faculty of Science (see Note 5 of the Bachelor of Science General Degree) provided that, of the 120 or more credit hours required:

i. a candidate shall have completed at least 90 credit hours in courses from the subjects listed in Clause 2 (b) above, including those completed at the first-year level, and

ii. there shall be no fewer than four subjects in which a candidate shall have completed courses. In the case of unspecified transfer credits awarded in a subject area not taught at Memorial University of Newfoundland, any number of such transfer credits in the aggregate shall count as one subject area.

iii. Not more than 15 unspecified transfer credit hours in courses awarded from a subject area not taught at Memorial University of Newfoundland shall be used to satisfy the requirements of the degree.

3) Comprehensive Examination and Dissertation

a) In addition to the regular examinations, a candidate in an Honours program shall pass a general comprehensive examination in his (her) Major subject or subjects. Alternatively, a candidate may be required to submit a dissertation, which at the discretion of the Head(s) of the Department(s) of specialization may be followed by an oral examination thereon.

b) If a candidate is required to submit a dissertation, such dissertation must be submitted to the University Library before the degree is conferred. All Honours dissertations in the University Library shall be available for unrestricted consultation by students and faculty except under very exceptional circumstances which must be approved by the Committee on Undergraduate Studies. Copyright remains with the author. A signed release form must accompany an essay or a dissertation when it is submitted to the University Library.

c) The deadline for the submission of Honours dissertations shall be no later than three weeks before the end of the final semester of the candidate's program.

d) The Honours dissertation shall be equivalent to either a 3 credit hour course or a 6 credit hour linked course as specified in the course offerings of each Department.

4) Departmental Regulations

Candidates for Honours Degrees shall also comply with such additional requirements of the appropriate Department(s) as are approved by the Senate and printed in the Calendar.

5) Residence Requirements

a) To qualify for an Honours Degree in Science, a candidate shall attend a recognized university or an equivalent institution for at least seven semesters as a full-time student. Honours candidates transferring credits to Memorial University of Newfoundland from other universities or equivalent institutions shall EITHER spend a minimum of four of the seven semesters as full-time students at Memorial University of Newfoundland, and take a minimum of 24 credit hours in courses from their Honours discipline OR take a minimum of 36 credit hours in courses from their Honours discipline as fulltime students at Memorial University of Newfoundland (whichever is to their advantage), PROVIDEDthat the total number of semesters spent as full-time students at this and other recognized universities or equivalent institutions will not be less than seven.

b) To qualify for an Honours Degree in Science and additionally a second degree, a candidate shall attend this University for at least ten semesters as a full-time student, except with the special permission of the Faculty Committee on Undergraduate Studies.

6) Academic Standing

In order to graduate with an Honours degree, a candidate shall obtain:

i. a grade of "B" or better, OR an average of 75% or higher (whichever is to the candidate's advantage) in the minimum number of courses in the Honours subject (or subjects) prescribed by the Department (or, in the case of joint Honours, Departments) concerned, excluding the 1000-level courses,

AND

ii. an average of at least 2.75 points on the total number of courses required for the degree (See UNIVERSITY REGULATIONS - GENERAL ACADEMIC REGULATIONS (UNDERGRADUATE) - Grading for explanation of the point system).

NOTE: Students who wish to fulfil the requirements of Clause 6(i) above using repeated or substituted courses must obtain approval of the Head of the Department and the Committee on Undergraduate Studies. No more than three such repeated or substituted courses will be permitted.

7) Classification of Degrees

a) If the candidate's general average is 3.25 or better per required course, and his (her) average for the courses in his (her) Honours subject (excluding 1000-level courses) is 3.50 or better, he (she) shall be awarded an Honours degree with First Class standing.

b) If the candidate fulfils the conditions of paragraph 6 but not of paragraph 7, section (a), he (she) shall be awarded an Honours degree with Second Class standing.

c) No classification will be given to the degree awarded a candidate who has completed (i) fewer than one half of the courses required for the degree at this University, or (ii) who has completed fewer than one half of the courses required for the degree at this University since 1959. All candidates for such degrees shall, however, fulfil the conditions of paragraph 6 on the courses taken at the University since September, 1959, in order to qualify for the degree.

d) A declared candidate for an Honours degree who fails to attain the academic standing specified in paragraph 6 but fulfills the academic requirements for a General Degree shall be awarded a General Degree, the classification of which shall be determined in accordance with UNIVERSITY REGULATIONS - GENERAL ACADEMIC REGULATIONS (UNDERGRADUATE), GRADUATION.


JOINT B.Sc. PROGRAMS


The following joint programs are offered by Departments in the Faculty of Science, and the regulations for each program are joint Departmental Regulations.

NOTE: for convenience of reference the joint programs are listed below in alphabetical sequence.

a) Joint Honours
b) Joint Majors
c) Joint Options

Biochemistry (Nutrition)/Psychology (Behavioural Neuroscience) Joint Honours

Biochemistry/Psychology (Behavioural Neuroscience) Joint Honours

Physics/Biochemistry Joint Honours

Chemistry/Biochemistry Joint Honours

Cell Biology and Biochemistry Joint Honours

Biology and Earth Sciences Joint Honours

Biology/Psychology Joint Honours

Biology/Psychology (Behavioural Neuroscience) Joint Honours

Statistics/Biology Joint Honours (B.Sc. only)

Joint Honours in Computer Science and Geography

Joint Honours in Computer Science and Physics

Joint Honours in Geography/Earth Sciences (B.Sc. only)

Statistics/Computer Science Joint Honours (B.Sc. only)

Earth Sciences/Chemistry Joint Honours

Joint Honours in Earth Sciences/Physics

Joint Honours in Geophysics and Physical Oceanography

Applied Mathematics/Chemistry Joint Honours (B.Sc. only)

Pure Mathematics/Computer Science Joint Honours (B.Sc. only)

Pure Mathematics/Statistics Joint Honours

Applied Mathematics/Physics Joint Honours

Physics/Chemistry Joint Honours

Joint Major in Computer Science and Economics (B.Sc. only)

Joint Major in Computer Science and Geography

Applied Mathematics/Computer Science Joint Major (B.Sc. only)

Joint Major in Pure Mathematics and Economics (B.Sc. only)

Statistics/Computer Science Joint Major (B.Sc. only)

Joint Major in Applied Mathematics and Economics (B.Sc. only)

Joint Major in Applied Mathematics and Physics (B.Sc. only)

Joint Major in Computer Science and Physics

Joint Major in Earth Sciences/Physics

Joint Major in Statistics and Economics (B.Sc. Only)

Joint Major in Applied Mathematics/Computer Science

Joint Major in Statistics and Economics (Co-operative) (B.Sc. only)

Pure Mathematics/Computer Science Joint Major (B.Sc. only)

Physics/Applied Mathematics and Physics/Chemistry Option Programs

Joint Degrees of Bachelor of Science (Computer Science) and Bachelor of Commerce (Co-operative)

Bachelor of Commerce (Co-operative) Curriculum (Completed Jointly with the Degree of Bachelor of Science With a Major in Computer Science) Table


BIOCHEMISTRY (NUTRITION)/PSYCHOLOGY (BEHAVIOURAL NEUROSCIENCE) JOINT HONOURS

The following courses (or equivalents) are required:
   
a) Chemistry 1010 and 1011 (or 1050, 1051), Biology 1001 and 1002, Mathematics 1000, Physics 1020 or 1050, and 1021 (or 1051), English 1080 and 1110.

b) Biochemistry 2100, 2101, 3106, 311A/B, 3200, 3201, 3202, 4002, 4300, 4301, 4502, Medicine 310A/B.

c) Psychology 1000, 1001, 2520, 2570, 2910, 2911, 2850, 3800, 3900, one of 4850 or 4851; two further laboratory course in Psychology, chosen from 2250, 2360, 2620 or 3650, 3050 or 3051, 3100 or 3160, 3450, 3750.

d) Either Biochemistry 499A/B or Psychology 499A/B.

e) Chemistry 2400, 2401 or Chemistry 2440.

f) Other courses to complete at least the prescribed minimum of 120 credit hours in courses for the Joint Honours Degree.

NOTES: 1) In accordance with Clause 6.i. of the Regulations for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science, Honours candidates must obtain a grade of "B" or better, OR an average of 75% or higher in all the required courses listed in Clauses (b), (c) and (d) above, except those at the 1000 level.
2) Students in first year intending to follow this program should note the regulations as outlined for admission to Major programs in Psychology and that the deadline for submission of a completed application form to the Psychology Department is June 1 for the Fall semester and October 1 for the Winter semester.


BIOCHEMISTRY/PSYCHOLOGY (BEHAVIOURAL NEUROSCIENCE) JOINT HONOURS

The following courses (or equivalents) are required to complete the 120 credit hours in courses required for the degree:

a) Chemistry 1050 and 1051 (or equivalents), Biology 1001 and 1002, Mathematics 1000 and 1001, Physics 1050 or 1020, and 1051, English 1080 and 1110.

b) Biochemistry 2100, 2101, 3105, 3106, 3107, 3108, Medicine 310A/B, either 4210 or 4211, 12 credit hours chosen from Biochemistry 4002, 4101, 4102, 4103, 4104, 4105, 4200, 4201, 4220.
NOTE: Only one of 4105 and 4220 may be chosen.

c) Psychology 1000, 1001, 2520, 2570, 2910, 2911, 2850, 3800, 3900, 4910; one of 4850 or 4851; one further laboratory course in Psychology.

d) Either Biochemistry 499A/B or Psychology 499A/B.

e) Chemistry 2300, 2400, 2401.

NOTES: 1) In accordance with Clause 6.i. of the Regulations for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science, Honours candidates must obtain a grade of "B" or better, OR an average of 75% or higher in all the required courses listed in Clauses (b), (c) and (d) above, except those at the 1000 level.
2) Students in first year intending to follow this program should note the regulations for admission
to Major programs in Psychology  and that the deadline for submission of a completed application form to the Psychology Department is June 1 for the Fall semester and October 1 for the Winter semester.


PHYSICS/BIOCHEMISTRY JOINT HONOURS

The following courses are prescribed:

a) English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalent), Chemistry 1050 and 1051 (or Chemistry 1010, 1011, and 1031), Mathematics 1000 and 1001, Physics 1050 and 1051 (or 1020, 1021 and 1051).

b) Chemistry 2400, 2401.

c) Chemistry 2300 or Physics 2053

d) Mathematics 2000, 2050, Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3260, either Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3202 or Physics 3810.

e) Biochemistry 2100, 2101, 3105, 3106, 3107, 3108, Medicine 310A/B; plus 9 credit hours in courses to be selected from Biochemistry 4002, 4101, 4102, 4103, 4104, 4200 and 4201; plus a three-credit hour course to be selected from Biochemistry 4210 or 4211.

f) Physics 2055, 2056, 2820, 3220, 3400, 3500, 3750, 3820, 3821, 3900, plus one 4000 level Physics course.

g) One course to be selected from Physics 3150, 3300, 3410, 3751. Physics 3751 is recommended.

h) Either Physics 490A/B or Biochemistry 499A/B.

i) Other courses to complete the prescribed minimum of 135 credit hours in courses for the Joint Honours degree.


CHEMISTRY/BIOCHEMISTRY JOINT HONOURS DEGREE

The following courses (or their equivalents) are required:

a) Chemistry 1050 and 1051 (or Chemistry 1010, 1011 and 1031) or their equivalents, Mathematics 1000 and 1001, Physics 1050 and 1051, 6 credit hours in first year English courses. Biology 1001 and 1002 are highly recommended.

b) Mathematics 2000, 2050, Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3260 and Physics 2820.

c) Chemistry 2210, 2300, 2400, 2401, 3100, 3211, 3300, 3301, 3410, 3411, 3500; 4110; and 6 further credit hours in Chemistry courses at the 4000-level.

d) Biochemistry 2100, 2101, 3105, 3106, 3107, 3108, Medicine310A/B, either Biochemistry 4210 or 4211, 9 credit hours chosen from Biochemistry 4002, 4101, 4102, 4103, 4104, 4105, 4200, 4201, 4220.
NOTE: Only one of 4105, 4220 may be chosen.

e) Either Chemistry 490A/B or Biochemistry 499A/B.

f) Other courses to complete the prescribed minimum of 135 credit hours in courses for the Joint Honours Degree.


CELL BIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY JOINT HONOURS

Students must have at least an overall average of 65% in English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalents), Mathematics 1000 and 1001, Biology 1001 and 1002, Chemistry 1050 and 1051 (or equivalents), Physics 1050 and 1051 (or 1020, 1021 and 1051).

The following courses, including prerequisites where applicable, will be required.

a) Biochemistry 2101, 3105, 3106, 3107, 3108, either 4210 or 4211, 12 credit hours chosen from 4002, 4101, 4102, 4103, 4104, 4105, 4200, 4201.

b) Biology 2060, 2250, 2600, 2900, 3050 and 9 credit hours chosen from 3500, 3530, 3620, 4000, 4200, 4241. In addition, further Biology courses must be selected by the student to make up a minimum of 42 credit hours in Biology including Biology 1001 and 1002 but not including Biology 499A or 499B.

c) Either Medicine 310A/B, or Biology 3401 plus one of Biology 3402, 4245 or 4404.

d) Chemistry 2300, 2400, 2401, 3100, 3411.

e) Statistics 2550 or equivalent.

f) An Honours Dissertation (Biology 499A/499B or Biochemistry 499A/499B).

g) Other courses to complete the prescribed minimum of 135 credit hours in courses for the Joint Honours Degree.

NOTE: Students may count only one of the two courses, Biochemistry 4105 or Biology 4200, for credit in this program.

The topic of the Honours dissertation must be chosen with the approval of both Departments. A faculty member of either Department may act as supervisor.

Seventy-eight credit hours in Biology, Biochemistry and Chemistry courses beyond the first-year level from those listed in the program shall contribute to those in which a grade of "B" or an average of 75 or higher is required. Medicine 310A/B counts as Biochemistry for these seventy-eight credit hours.


BIOLOGY AND EARTH SCIENCES JOINT HONOURS

The following courses, including prerequisites where applicable, will be required:

a) English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalents), Mathematics 1000 and 1001, Biology 1001 and 1002, Earth Sciences 1000 and 1002, Chemistry 1010 and 1011 (or 1050 and 1051), Physics 1020 and 1021 (or 1050 and 1051).

b) Chemistry 2440, Biochemistry 2101, Biochemistry 3106, one of Statistics 2550, 2560 or 2510.

c) Biology 2060, 2250, 2600, 2900, one of 3401, 3402, 4245 or 4404; plus Biology 3710, 3711, and 4505. In addition, further Biology courses must be selected by the student in consultation with the supervisor to make up a minimum of 42 credit hours in Biology not including Biology 499A or 499B.

d) Earth Sciences 2030, 2031, 2502, 2905; plus a minimum of 24 credit hours in other Earth Science courses from 2000 to 4000 level, at least 3 credit hours of which must be at 4000 level. Earth Sciences 2150, 2914, 2915, 2916, and 4310 cannot be used to fulfill this requirement. Career-related streams outlined in the departmental Student Handbook should be used as a guide to course selection so as to achieve a concentration in one facet of Earth Sciences.

e) An Honours dissertation (Biology 499A/B or Earth Sciences 499A/B). The topic of the Honours dissertation must be chosen with the approval of both Department Heads. A faculty member of either Department may act as supervisor.

f) Other courses to complete the prescribed minimum of 135 credit hours in courses for the Honours degree, with at least 84 credit hours in courses in Biology and Earth Sciences combined.

Any change in the program of study must have the prior approval of the Heads of the two Departments concerned.


BIOLOGY/PSYCHOLOGY JOINT HONOURS

The following forty courses (or equivalent) are required:

1. Biology 1001, 1002, 2060, 2250, 2600, 2900; one of 3401, 3402, 4245, 4404; four Biology electives not including Biology 499A or 499B.

2. Psychology 1000, 1001, 2520, 2570, 2910, 2911, 3900, 4910, 2250; 2850 or 3800; one further laboratory course in Psychology, chosen from the following: 2360, 2620, 3050, 3051, 3100, 3160, 3450, 3650; one further 4000 level Psychology course.

3. Biology or Psychology 3750, 4701, 499A/B.

4. English 1080 and 1110; Mathematics 1000; Chemistry 1010 and 1011 (or 1050 and 1051), and 2440; Physics 1020 (or 1050) and 1021 (or 1051); Biochemistry 2101 and 3106.

5. Other courses, if necessary, to complete at least 120 credit hours of courses.


BIOLOGY/PSYCHOLOGY (BEHAVIOURAL NEUROSCIENCE) JOINT HONOURS

The following forty courses (or equivalents) are required:

1. Biology 1001, 1002, 2060, 2250, 2600, 2900; one of 3401, 3402, 4245, 4404; five Biology electives not including Biology 499A or 499B.

2. Psychology 1000, 1001, 2520, 2570, 2910, 2911, 3900, 2850, 3800, 4910; 4850 or 4851; one further laboratory course in Psychology.

3. Biology or Psychology 499A/B.

4. Biochemistry 2101, 3106.

5. English 1080 and 1110; Mathematics 1000 and 1001; Physics 1020 or (1050) and 1021 or (1051); Chemistry 1010 and 1011 (or 1050 and 1051), and 2440 (or 2400 and 2401);

6. Other courses, if necessary, to complete at least 120 credit hours of courses.

NOTE: In accordance with Clause 6.i. of the Regulations for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science, Honours candidates must obtain a grade of "B" or better, OR average of 75% or higher in all the required courses listed in Clauses 1, 2, 3, and 4 above, except those at the 1000 level.


STATISTICS/BIOLOGY JOINT HONOURS (B.Sc. only)

See General Regulations for Honours Degree. Students shall complete the following requirements:

a) Mathematics 1001, Biology 1001 and 1002, English 1080 and 1110, Chemistry 1010 and 1011 (or 1050 and 1051), Physics 1020 and 1021, or equivalents;

b) M 2000, M 2050, M 2051, ST 2500 or ST 2510, ST 2501 or ST 2560 or ST 2511, ST 3520, ST 3521, ST 3530, and ST 4581;

c) nine further credit hours in Statistics courses (excluding those with second digit 0) including at least 6 credit hours in courses at the 4000 level or higher but not including ST 4599;

d) Chemistry 2440 (or 2400 and 2401). Biochemistry 2101 and 3106. Computer Science 2602;

e) Biology 2060, 2250, 2600, 2900, one of 3401, 3402, 4245, or 4404. In addition, further Biology courses must be selected by the student in consultation with the supervisor to make up a minimum of 42 credit hours in Biology but not including Biology 499A or 499B.

f) Either Biology 499A/B or ST 4599.


JOINT HONOURS IN COMPUTER SCIENCE AND GEOGRAPHY

1) Computer Science Requirements

See General Regulations for the Honours Degree.

Forty-eight credit hours in Computer Science courses are required for the Joint Honours:

a) 1710, 2710, 2711, 2742, 2760, 3715, 3716, 3719, 3724, 3725, 3754, 4751 and 4770.
b) Six additional credit hours in courses at the 4000 level not including 4780.
c) Three additional credit hours in courses at the 3000 level or beyond.

2) Geography Requirements

Forty-eight credit hours in Geography courses are required for the Joint Honours: 1050, 2001, 2102, 2195, 2200, 2226, 2302, 2325, 3200, 3226, 3250, 3260, 4200, 4250, 4261, 4262, and 4291.

3) Additional Requirements

a) Mathematics 2000, 2050, PM 2320, and Geography 3222.
b) An Honours Dissertation (either Computer Science 4780 or Geography 4999). The topic for dissertation must be chosen with the prior approval of the Heads of both Departments.


JOINT HONOURS IN COMPUTER SCIENCE AND PHYSICS

The following courses are prescribed:

1) Chemistry 1050 and 1051 (or Chemistry 1010, 1011, and 1031).

2)a) Computer Science 1710, 2710, 2711, 2742, 2760, 3715, 3716, 3719, 3724, 3725, 3731, 3754 and 4770.

b) Nine additional credit hours in Computer Science courses numbered 3000 or higher, including at least 6 credit hours in courses numbered 4000 or higher.

3)a) Physics 1050 and 1051, or Physics 1020, 1021 and 1051.

b) Physics 2053, 2055, 2056, 2820, 3220, 3400, 3500, 3750, 3820, 3821, 4500, and 3230 or 3900.

4) Physics 490A/B or Computer Science 4780.

5) Physics 3810 or AM/PM 3202.

6)a) Mathematics 1000 and 1001.

b) Mathematics 2000, 2050, PM2320 and AM/PM 3260

Statistics 2510 is recommended.

The topic for the Honours project or thesis, Computer Science 4780 or Physics 490A/B, must be chosen with the prior approval of both Departments.


JOINT HONOURS IN GEOGRAPHY/EARTH SCIENCES (B.Sc. ONLY)

The following courses will be required. A few prerequisites are not met by this list of courses, and students are advised to obtain advice from instructors in such cases to be sure that they are prepared for course material. Both departmental Heads can advise students on a workable sequencing of courses to complete the degree in a timely manner.

a) Six credit hours in first-year English courses; Geography 1050; Earth Sciences 1000 and 1002; Mathematics 1000 and 1001; Chemistry 1010 and 1011 or equivalent; Physics 1050 and (1051 or the former 1054) OR Physics 1020 and 1021.

b) One of Geography 3222, Statistics 2500, 2510.

c) Biology 2120 or Biology 1001 and 1002.

d) Geography 2102, 2195, 2302, 2425, 3230.

e) Earth Sciences 2030, 2031, 2502 and 2905.

f) Either Earth Sciences 499A and 499B, or Geography 4990 and 4999.

g) Twenty-one additional credit hours in Geography courses, of which at least 12 credit hours must be selected from the group Geography 2200, 3110, 3120, 3140, 3150, 3250, 3425, and of which at least 6 credit hours must be in courses at the 4000 level.

h) Twenty-one additional credit hours in Earth Sciences courses, of which at least 9 credit hours must be in courses at 3000 level and at least 6 credit hours must be in courses at 4000 level. Earth Sciences 2150, 2914, 2915, 2916 and 4310 cannot be used to fulfill this requirement.

i) Other courses to complete the prescribed minimum of 120 credit hours.

The topic of the Honours dissertation must be chosen with the approval of both Departments. A faculty member of either Department may act as supervisor.

Any change in the program of study must have the prior approval of the Heads of the two Departments concerned.


STATISTICS/COMPUTER SCIENCE JOINT HONOURS (B.Sc. only)

See General Regulations for Honours Degree. In addition to M 1000 and M 1001 the following courses numbered 2000 or higher are required:

a) M 2000, M 2050, M 2051, PM 2320, PM 3340, PM/ST 3410, PM/ST 3411, ST 3520, ST 3521, ST 3530, ST 3540, and ST 4590;

b) Twenty-four further credit hours in Statistics courses (excluding those with second digit 0) including at least 12 credit hours in courses numbered 4000 or higher, but not including ST 4599 and ST 4581;

c) Computer Science 1710, 2710, 2711, 2742, 2760, 3715, 3716, 3719, 3724, 3725, 3754, 4734, and 4770.

d) Six additional credit hours in Computer Science courses at the 4000 level, not including 4780.

e) Either Computer Science 4780 or ST 4599.


EARTH SCIENCES/CHEMISTRY JOINT HONOURS

The following courses, including prerequisites, where applicable, will be required:

a) English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalents), Mathematics 1000 and 1001, Earth Sciences 1000 and 1002, Chemistry 1050 and 1051 (or 1010, 1011 and 1031) or their equivalents, Physics 1050 (or 1020 and 1021) and 1051.

b) Earth Sciences 2030, 2031, 2400, 2401, 2502, 2905, 3600, 3701 (or 2702), 4901;one of 3053, 3054 or 3055; at least one of Earth Sciences 3210 or 3811; plus 6 additional credit hours in Earth Sciences courses.

c) Chemistry 2210, 2300, 2400, 2401, 3100, 3211, 3300, 3301, 3410, 3411, 3500, and at least 3 credit hours in Chemistry courses at the 4000 level.

d) Mathematics 2000, 2050, and Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3260.

e) Physics 2820.

f) Biology 2120 (or Biology 1001 and 1002).

g) An Honours Dissertation (Earth Sciences 499A/B or Chemistry 490A/B). The topic of the Honours Dissertation must have the prior approval of the Heads of the two Departments. A faculty member of either Department may act as supervisor.

h) Other courses to complete the prescribed minimum of 135 credit hours.

Any change in the program of study must have the prior approval of the Heads of the two Departments concerned.


JOINT HONOURS IN EARTH SCIENCES/PHYSICS

This program was formerly in the Earth Sciences section of the calendar as an Honours B.Sc. Degree in Geophysics. The following courses will be required:

a) English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalents), Mathematics 1000 and 1001, Earth Sciences 1000 and 1002, Chemistry 1010 and 1011 (or equivalent), Physics 1050 and 1051 (or Physics 1020, 1021 and 1051).

b) Earth Sciences 2030, 2031, 2400, 2401, 2502, 2905, 3170, 3172, 4105, 4171, 4173, 4179, 499A/B.

c) Physics 2055, 2056 or 2750, 2820, 3220, 3230, 3500, 3820, 3821; plus 9 other credit hours in Physics courses at 3000 level or higher.

d) One of Physics 3810 or Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3202.

e) Mathematics 2000, 2050, and 3260.

f) Other courses to complete at least a minimum of 120 credit hours.

Any change in the program of study must have the prior approval of the Heads of the two Departments concerned.


JOINT HONOURS IN GEOPHYSICS AND PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY

The program requires the following courses:

a) English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalent), Chemistry 1050 and 1051 (or Chemistry 1010, 1011, and 1031), Mathematics 1000 and 1001, Earth Sciences 1000 and 1002, Physics 1050 and 1051 (or Physics 1020, 1021 and 1051).

b) Earth Sciences 2905, 3170, 3172, 4105, 4171, 4173, 4179 and 10 credit hours at the 2000 level or higher with at least 3 credit hours at the 3000 level.

c) Physics 2053, 2055, 2820, 3220, 3300, 3500, 3820, 3821, 4205, 4300, 4330 plus one of Physics 3600, 3150, 3400, 3550 or 3900.

d) Mathematics 2000, 2050, 2051, 3202 and 3260.

e) Either Earth Sciences 499A and 499B or Physics 490A and 490B.

f) Other courses to complete the prescribed minimum of 120 credit hours.


APPLIED MATHEMATICS/CHEMISTRY JOINT HONOURS (B.Sc. only)

See General Regulations for Honours Degree. In addition, Chemistry 1050 and 1051 (or Chemistry 1010, 1011 and 1031), M 1000, and M 1001, Physics 1050 (or 1020) and 1051, the following courses numbered 2000 or higher are required:

a) Chemistry 2210, 2300, 2400, 2401, 3100, 3211, 3300, 3301, 3500, 4300, 4302, and a 3 credit hour Chemistry elective.

b) M 2000, M 2050, M 2051, M 3000, M 3001, AM 2130, AM 3132, AM 3161, AM/PM 3202, AM/PM 3210, AM/PM 3260, and AM 4160.

c) Physics 2055, 2056 or 2750, 2820, 3220 and 3230.

d) either AM 4199 or Chemistry 490A/B.

The following courses are recommended:

Chemistry 3410, 3411, 4100, AM 3100, AM/PM 3240, AM 4131, AM 4132, AM 4133, PM 3320, ST 2510, Physics 3500 and 4500.


PURE MATHEMATICS/COMPUTER SCIENCE JOINT HONOURS (B.Sc. only)

See General Regulations for Honours Degree. Students shall complete the following:

At least 51 credit hours in Computer Science courses are required including the following:

a) 1710, 2710, 2711, 2742, 2760, 3715, 3716, 3719, 3724, 3725, 3754, and 4770.

b) Excluding 4780, 15 additional credit hours from courses numbered 3000 or higher, at least 9 credit hours of which must be in courses at the 4000 level.

The following courses in Mathematics and Statistics are required:

a) M 1000, M 1001, M 2000, M 2050, M 2051, AM 2130, PM 2320, M 3000, M 3001, AM/PM 3202, AM/PM 3210, AM/PM 3260, PM 3301, PM 3320, PM 3340, ST 2510;

b) Excluding PM 4399, 15 additional credit hours in courses offered by the Department of Mathematics and Statistics numbered 3000 or higher including at least 9 credit hours from courses numbered 4000 or higher and at least 9 credit hours in Pure Mathematics courses;

c) An Honours Dissertation in one of the departments, with the topic chosen in consultation with both departments.

NOTE:  There is an Undergraduate Advisor in each Department. These advisors should be consulted on all academic matters.


PURE MATHEMATICS/STATISTICS JOINT HONOURS

See General Regulations for Honours Degree. In addition to M 1000 and M 1001 the following courses numbered 2000 or higher are required:

a)  M 2000, M 2050, M 2051, M 3000, M 3001, AM 2130, PM 2320, AM/PM 3202, AM/PM 3210, AM/PM 3260, PM/ST 3410, PM/ST 3411, ST 3520, ST 3521, ST 3530, PM/ST 4400, PM/ST 4401, PM/ST 4410;

b) A computing course early in your program is required. AM 2120 is highly recommended;

c) either PM 4399 or ST 4599;

d) one of: PM 3301, PM 3330, or PM 3340;

e) Twenty-one further credit hours in Pure Mathematics and/ or Statistics courses numbered 3000 or higher of which at least 12 credit hours must be from courses numbered 4000 or higher excluding ST4581.


APPLIED MATHEMATICS/PHYSICS JOINT HONOURS

The following courses are prescribed:

a) Chemistry 1050 and 1051(or Chemistry 1010, 1011, and 1031).

b) Physics 1050 (or 1020) and 1051.

c) Physics 2053, 2055, 2056 or 2750, 2820, 3220, 3230, 3400, 3410, 3500, 3750, 3900, 4500, 4850.

d) Mathematics 1000 and 1001.

e) Mathematics 2000, 2050, 2051, 3000, 3001, AM 2130, AM/PM 3210, AM 3111, AM/PM 3260.

f) Applied Mathematics 3132 or Computer Science 3731.

g) AM/PM 3202 or Physics 3810.

h) Applied Mathematics 3161 and 4160, or Physics 3820 and 3821.

i) Physics 490A/B, or Applied Mathematics 4199 plus another 3 credit hour course in Mathematics numbered 4000 or higher.

j) Three additional credit hours in a Physics course numbered 3000 or higher and 3 additional credit hours in a Physics course numbered 4000 or higher.

k) at least 9 additional credit hours in courses numbered 4000 or higher offered by the Department of Mathematics and Statistics.

The topic for the Honours project or thesis, Mathematics 4199 or Physics 490A/B, must be chosen with the prior approval of both Departments.


PHYSICS/CHEMISTRY JOINT HONOURS

The following courses are prescribed:

a) Mathematics 2000, 2050, and Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3260.

b) Physics 1050 (or 1020 and 1021) and 1051.

c) A minimum of 45 additional credit hours in Physics courses, which shall include 2055, 2056, 2820, 3220, 3230, 3500, 3750, 3820, 3821, 3900, and 3 credit hours in a Physics course numbered 3000 or higher and 12 credit hours in Physics courses numbered 4000 or higher.

d) Physics 3810 or AM/PM 3202.

e) Chemistry 1050 and 1051 (or Chemistry 1010, 1011 and 1031), 2210, 2300, 2400, 2401 and 30 credit hours in Chemistry courses numbered 3000 or higher including 3100, 3211, 3300, 3301, 3500, 4300 and 4302.

f) The courses selected in accordance with parts c) and e) shall include Chemistry 490A/B or Physics 490A/B.

The topic for the Honours thesis, Chemistry 490A/B or Physics 490A/B, must be chosen with the prior approval of both Departments.


JOINT MAJOR IN COMPUTER SCIENCE AND ECONOMICS (B.SC. ONLY)

1) Computer Science Requirements

Forty-two credit hours in Computer Science courses are required: 1710, 2710, 2711, 2742, 2760, 3715, 3716, 3719, 3724, 3725, 3731, 3753, 3754, and 4770.

2) Economics requirements

A total of 42 credit hours in Economics courses are required: 2010, 2020, 2550, 3000, 3001, 3010, and 6 credit hours from either 3550 and 3551, or 4550 and 4551 are obligatory.

The remaining 18 credit hours shall be chosen from among the various Economics courses in consultation with the Head of the Department or delegate, and will include at least 9 credit hours in courses at the 4000-level.

3) Additional Requirements: M 1000, M 1001, M 2000, M 2050, PM 2320, and ST 2510


JOINT MAJOR IN COMPUTER SCIENCE AND GEOGRAPHY

1) Computer Science Requirements

Thirty-nine credit hours in Computer Science courses are required: 1710, 2710, 2711, 2742, 2760, 3715, 3716, 3719, 3724, 3725, 3754, 4751, and 4770.

2) Geography Requirements

Thirty-nine credit hours in Geography courses are required: 1050, 2001, 2102, 2195, 2200, 2302, 2425, 3200, 3250,3260, and 9 credit hours chosen from: 4200, 4250, 4261, 4262.

3) Additional Requirements: Mathematics 2000, 2050, PM 2320, and Statistics or Geography 3222.


APPLIED MATHEMATICS/COMPUTER SCIENCE JOINT MAJOR (B.Sc. only)

The following courses are required

a) Computer Science 1710, 2710, 2711, 2742, 2760, 3715, 3716, 3719, 3724, 3725, 3754, 4770, plus 6 further credit hours in Computer Science courses numbered 3000 or higher.

b) M1000, M1001, M2000, M2050, M2051, M3000, AM2130, PM2320, AM3100, AM3132, AM3161, AM/PM3202, AM/PM3260, AM4160, AM4190, plus one of AM/PM3210, AM4131, AM4132, AM4162

In addition, ST2510 is highly recommended.


JOINT MAJOR IN PURE MATHEMATICS AND ECONOMICS (B.SC. ONLY)

a) M1000, M1001, M2000, M2050, M3000, AM2130, AM3100, PM2320, AM/PM3202, AM/PM3260, PM3320, ST2510 and one 4000 level course.

b) A computing course early in the program is required. AM2120 is highly recommended.

c) Economics: 2010, 2020, 2550, 3000, 3001, 3010, and 6 credit hours from either 3550 and 3551, or 4550 and 4551.

d) Eighteen further credit hours chosen from among the various Economics courses in consultation with the Head of the Department or delegate, including at least 9 credit hours at the 4000-level.


STATISTICS/COMPUTER SCIENCE JOINT MAJOR (B.Sc. only)

In addition to M 1000, M 1001, and Computer Science 1710, the following courses numbered 2000 or higher are required:

a) 2710, 2711, 2742, 2760, 3715, 3716, 3719, 3724, 3725, 3754, 4734, and 4770.

b) ST2510 and ST2560.

c) M 2000, M 2050, M 2051, PM 2320, PM 3340, PM/ST 3410, PM/ST 3411, ST 3520, ST 3521, ST 3540, and ST 4590.

d) nine further credit hours in Statistics courses numbered 3000 or higher including at least a 3 credit hour course numbered 4000 or higher excluding ST4581.


JOINT MAJOR IN APPLIED MATHEMATICS AND ECONOMICS (B.SC. ONLY)

a) M1000, M1001, M2000, M2050, M2051, M3000, AM2130, AM3100, ST2510, AM/PM3202, AM/PM3260, AM4132.

b) Either AM3132 and AM4131 or AM3161 and AM4160.

c) A computing course early in the program is required. AM2120 is highly recommended.

d) Economics: 2010, 2020, 2550, 3000, 3001, 3010, 4550, 4551.

e) Eighteen further credit hours chosen from among the various Economics courses in consultation with the Head of the Department or delegate, including at least 9 credit hours at the 4000-level.


JOINT MAJOR IN APPLIED MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICS (B.SC. ONLY)

a) English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalent).

b) Chemistry 1050 and 1051 (or Chemistry 1010, 1011, and 1031).

c) A computing course early in your is required. AM2120 is highly recommended.

d) Physics 1050 (or 1020), 1051, 2053, 2055, 2056 or 2750, 2820, 3220, 3400, 3500, 3750, 3900.

e) Mathematics 1000, 1001, 2000, 2050, 2051, 3000, AM2130, AM3001, AM/PM3202, AM/PM3260, AM3132.

f) Either Applied Mathematics 3161 or Physics 3820.

g) At least 12 additional credit hours chosen from the Applied Mathematics and Physics courses numbered 3000 or higher. Of the 12 credit hours, three are required in Physics and 3 in Applied Mathematics.


JOINT MAJOR IN COMPUTER SCIENCE AND PHYSICS

1) Chemistry 1050 and 1051 (or Chemistry 1010, 1011, and 1031).

2) Thirty-nine credit hours in Computer Science are required for the Joint Major: 1710, 2710, 2711, 2742, 2760, 3715, 3716, 3719, 3724, 3725, 3731, 3754, and 4770.

3) Physics 1050 and 1051 (or 1020, 1021 and 1051) plus at least 30 additional credit hours in Physics including 2053, 2055, 2056, 2820, 3220, 3400, 3500, 3550, 3750 and 3900.

4) a) Mathematics 1000 and 1001.

b) Mathematics 2000 and 2050, PM 2320, Statistics 2510 and AM/PM 3260.

c) Physics 3810 or AM/PM 3202.


JOINT MAJOR IN EARTH SCIENCES/PHYSICS

This program was formerly in the Earth Sciences section of the calendar as a General B.Sc. Degree in Geophysics. The following courses will be required:

a) English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalents), Mathematics 1000 and 1001, Earth Sciences 1000 and 1002, Chemistry 1010 and 1011 (or equivalent), Physics 1050 and 1051 (or Physics 1020, 1021 and 1051).

b) Earth Sciences 2030, 2031, 2400, 2401, 2502, 2905, 3170, 3172; plus a 3 credit hour course in Earth Sciences 4100 series.

c) at least 30 credit hours in Physics courses at the 2000 level or higher, including Physics 2055, 2056 or 2750, 2820, 3220, 3500.

d) One of Physics 3810 or Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3202.

e) Mathematics 2000 and 2050.

f) Other courses to complete at least a minimum requirement of 120 credit hours in courses for the General Degree.

Any change in the program of study must have the prior approval of the Heads of the two Departments concerned.


JOINT MAJOR IN STATISTICS AND ECONOMICS (B.SC. ONLY)

a) M1000, M1001, M2000, M2050, M2051, ST2510, ST2560, PM/ST3410, PM/ST3411, ST3520, ST3540, ST4590.

b) Six further credit hours in Statistics courses numbered 3000 or higher, at least 3 credit hours of which must be numbered 4000 or higher, excluding ST3521 and 4581.

c) Economics: 2010, 2020, 2550, 3000, 3001, 3010, 4550, 4551.

d) Eighteen further credit hours chosen from among the various Economics courses in consultation with the Head of the Department or delegate, including at least 9 credit hours at the 4000-level.


JOINT MAJOR IN STATISTICS AND ECONOMICS (CO-OPERATIVE) (B.Sc. only)

The Joint Major in Statistics and Economics Co-operative Education Option is available to full-time Economics and Statistics majors (B. Sc.) only. The program is available under the Economics Co-operative Education Option (ECEO)

The ECEO provides an excellent mutual opportunity for students and employers. Qualified students will obtain rewarding employment experience in fields related to Economics for several months of continuous duration. Students will learn valuable practical skills in an employment situation during their course of study. Furthermore, paid employment will help to defray the cost of their education. The timing of the Work Terms and the structure of the ECEO generally are such that employers stand to gain from the acquired employable skills of economists and statisticians in training. The objectives of the Work Term component of the ECEO are embodied in the Work Term descriptions below. The descriptions serve to guide the student and the employer toward achieving these objectives.
    
A) Admission Requirements

1. Admission is competitive and selective. Therefore, prospective students are encouraged to consider an alternate degree program in the event that they are not accepted into the Joint Co-operative program.

2. Applicants should note that it is possible to enter Term 1 only in the Fall semester commencing in September of each academic year. Application forms are available in the Department of Economics and the Department of Mathematics and Statistics. The deadline for applications for admission to Term 1 is March 1.

3. The primary criterion used in reaching decisions on applications for admission is overall academic achievement. Students with weak overall academic records are unlikely to be admitted.

4. To be eligible for admission to Term 1 an applicant must have successfully completed a minimum of thirty credit hours with an overall average of at least 65% as follows: All applicants must have completed Economics 2010 and 2020; at least six credit hours in English*; Mathematics 1000 and 1001; and 12 credit hours chosen from courses in the Faculties of Arts or Science.

*It is recommended that students complete English 1110. Critical Reading and Writing II (Context, Substance, Style) as one of these English courses.

5. Students may apply for admission to Advanced Standing.

6. Transfer students from other universities will be placed in that term of the program judged to be appropriate considering equivalent credits, as determined by the Departments.

B) Program of Study

1. Promotion from each of Terms 1 through 6 requires a passing grade in all specified required courses and an overall average of at least 60% in all courses including electives. A student who fails a required course or fails to maintain an overall average of 60% will not be promoted to the next term and will be required to withdraw from the program. The student in question may apply for readmission in a subsequent year after passing the specified required course(s) previously failed, or re-establishing the 60% average.

2. In addition to the 30 credit hours required for admission, students are required to complete the six academic terms in the ECEO program for a total of 120 credit hours. Students must complete three Work Terms which follow Academic Terms 2, 4, and 5.

3. Courses shall normally be taken in academic terms or “blocks” in the sequenced course load and order set out in Table I - Academic Course Program Joint Major (Co-operative) B.Sc. Unspecified credits may be used to fulfill elective requirements only.

4. UNIVERSITY REGULATIONS - GENERAL ACADEMIC REGULATIONS (UNDERGRADUATE) CLASSIFICATION OF STUDENTS notwithstanding, students do not require special permission to register for courses while on work terms if the courses are in addition to the prescribed program.

C) Work Term Placement

See Departmental Regulations in Economics for the Major in Economics (Co-operative), in the Faculty of Arts section of the Calendar.

D) Registration and Evaluation of Performance

See Departmental Regulations in Economics for the Major in Economics (Co-operative), in the Faculty of Arts section of the Calendar.

TABLE I - Academic Course Program Joint Major in Statistics and Economics (Co-operative)

Term 1 (Fall)
Economics 3000. Intermediate Micro Theory I
Economics 3550. Mathematical Economics I
Statistics 2510. Statistics for Physical Science Students
Mathematics 2000. Calculus III
Computer Science 1700. Introduction to Computer Science [See NOTE 1]
Term 2 (Winter)
Economics 2550. Economics Statistics and Data Analysis
Economics 3001. Intermediate Micro Theory II
Economics 3010. Intermediate Macro Theory I
Mathematics 2050. Linear Algebra I
Statistics 2560. Further Statistics for Science Students
Work Term I (Spring)
Economics 299W
Term 3 (Fall)
Economics 4550. Econometrics I
Mathematics 2051. Linear Algebra II
Statistics 3410. Mathematical Statistics I
Three further credit hours in Statistics courses
Three credit hours in elective courses [See NOTE 2]
Term 4 (Winter)
Economics 3011. Intermediate Macro Theory II
Economics 4120. Applied Welfare Economics and Cost Benefit Analysis
Economics 4551. Econometrics II
Statistics 3411. Mathematical Statistics II
Statistics 3540. Time Series I
Work Term II (Spring)
Economics 399W
Term 5 (Fall)
Statistics 3520. Experimental Design I
Statistics 4590. Statistical Analysis of Data I
Six further credit hours in Economics courses
Three further credit hours in Statistics courses
Work Term III (Winter)
Economics 499W
Term 6 (Spring)
Three further credit hours in Economics courses
Three credit hours in Science courses [See NOTE 2]
Nine credit hours in elective courses [See NOTE 2]

NOTES: 1) Another 1000-level Computer Science course may be substituted for Computer Science 1700 with the Heads’ approvals.
2) Elective courses should be chosen with reference to the Regulations for the General Degree of Bachelor of Science, since courses specified for admission to and completion of the program only partially satisfy these regulations. In particular note that in addition to the 78 credit hours (26 courses) in Science subjects required, at least three credit hours in a Science subject other than Mathematics/Statistics, Economics and Computer Science must be completed.

PURE MATHEMATICS/COMPUTER SCIENCE JOINT MAJOR (B.Sc. only)

In addition to M 1000, M 1001, and Computer Science 1710, the following courses numbered 2000 or higher are required:

a) 2710, 2711, 2742, 2760, 3715, 3716, 3719, 3724, 3725, 3754, and 4770.

b) Six additional credit hours in Computer Science courses numbered 3000 or higher.

c) M 2000, M 2050, M 2051, PM 2320, AM 2130, M3000, AM/PM3202, AM/PM 3260, PM 3320, PM 3340, and ST 2510.

d) Nine additional credit hours in courses numbered 3000 or higher offered by the Department of Mathematics and Statistics.


PHYSICS/APPLIED MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICS/CHEMISTRY OPTION PROGRAMS

Students who follow the five-year Physics/Applied Mathematics Joint Honours or Physics/Chemistry Joint Honours Programs of courses outlined above either as Honours students or otherwise and who satisfy all relevant course regulations except those on Academic Standing for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science shall receive on their University records a notation that they followed the "Physics/Applied Mathematics'' or "Physics/Chemistry'' Option Programs.

Students who intend to follow a joint degree program are strongly recommended to consult the Head of the Department or delegate at their earliest opportunity to ensure proper planning of their course sequence.


JOINT DEGREES OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (MAJOR IN COMPUTER SCIENCE) AND BACHELOR OF COMMERCE (CO-OPERATIVE)

For students registered in a program leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science majoring in Computer Science who are concurrently completing the Bachelor of Commerce (Co-operative) degree, the number of credit hours required to comply with clause 3i of the Degree Regulation for the General Degree of Bachelor of Science will be reduced to 69 credit hours. THIS ADJUSTMENT WILL BE PERMITTED ONLY FOR STUDENTS WHO ARE GRADUATING WITH THE BACHELOR OF SCIENCE DEGREE (MAJORING IN COMPUTER SCIENCE) AND THE BACHELOR OF COMMERCE (CO-OPERATIVE) DEGREE AT THE SAME CONVOCATION. In order to meet all of the requirements of both degree programs at the same time, students who are completing the joint degrees are strongly advised to follow the SUGGESTED PROGRAM OF STUDIES outlined below, and to seek advice from the Department of Computer Science and the Faculty of Business Administration in order to ensure that their proposed program is possible within the constraints of course scheduling and prerequisites.

Suggested Program of Studies: Bachelor of Science (Computer Science) and Bachelor of Commerce (Co-operative) Prior to admission to the Bachelor of Commerce (Co-operative) program:

For the joint degrees of Bachelor of Science majoring in Computer Science and Bachelor of Commerce (Co-operative), students must successfully complete a minimum of 150 credit hours in courses applicable to the degrees. To be eligible for admission to Term 1 of the Bachelor of Commerce (Co-operative) program, an applicant must have successfully completed 30 credit hours with an overall average of at least 65% on the courses comprising those credit hours. For the Joint Degree, the 30 credit hours must comprise:

a) Six credit hours in English courses;
b) Six credit hours in Mathematics courses, which must include Mathematics 1000;
c) Economics 2010 and 2020;
d) Business 1000;
e) Computer Science 1710;
f) Six additional credit hours in Science electives.

Following admission to the Joint Program, the curriculum is as set out in the Bachelor of COmmerce (Co-operative) Curriculum (Completed Jointly with the degree of Bachelor of Science with a major in Computer Sceince Table.

Please refer to the calendar entry for the Faculty of Business Administration for complete course descriptions, regulations and plan of operation for the Bachelor of Commerce (Co-operative) component of the degree, and to the entry for Computer Science for the Computer Science course descriptions

Bachelor of Commerce (Co-operative) Curriculum (Completed jointly with the degree of Bachelor of Science with a major in Computer Science) Table
Term One (Fall)
  • Business 1101. Principles of Accounting
  • Business 1201. Principles of Marketing
  • Statistics 2500. Statistics for Business and Arts Students I OR
  • Statistics 2510. Statistics for Physical Science
  • Computer Science 2710. Object-oriented Programming II
  • Computer Science 2742. Logic for Computer Science
  • Business 1600. Introduction to Entrepreneurship
Term Two (Winter)
  • Business 2000. Business Communications
  • Business 2101. Managerial Accounting
  • Business 2201. Marketing Applications
  • Business 2301. Organizational Behaviour
  • Business 2401. Quantitative Methods for Business
  • Pure Mathematics 2320. Discrete Mathematics
Spring [See NOTES 1 and 2 below]
Term Three (Fall)
  • Business 3320. Introduction to Labour Relations
  • Business 3401. Operations Management
  • Business 3700. Information Systems
  • Computer Science 2711. Introduction to Algorithms and Data Structures
  • Computer Science 2760. Encountering the Computer: Society and the Individual
Work Term I (Winter) Business 399W [See NOTE 1 below]
Term Four (Spring)
  • Business 4000. Business Law I
  • Business 4320. Introduction to Personnel and Human Resource Management
  • Business 4401. Management Science
  • Business 4500. Financial Management I
  • Economics 3150. Money and Banking
Work Term II (Fall) Business 499W [See NOTE 1 below]
Term Five (Winter)
  • Business 5301. Organizational Theory
  • Computer Science 3719. Algorithms and Complexity
  • Computer Science 3724. Computer Organization
  • Six credit hours of electives [See NOTE 3 below]
Work Term III (Spring) Business 599W [See NOTE 1 below]
Term Six (Fall)
  • Business 7000. Organizational Strategy
  • Computer Science 3715. Network Computing with WEB Applications
  • Computer Science 3716. Software Methodology
  • Computer Science 3725. Computer Architecture
  • Three credit hours of electives [See NOTE 3 below]
Term Seven (Winter)
  • Computer Science 3754. Introduction to Information and Intelligent Systems
  • Computer Science 4770. Team Project
  • 1 Computer Science elective
  • Six credit hours of electives [See NOTE 3 below]

NOTES: 1) Students are advised that, in order to complete the joint degrees within the minimum150 credit hours, they should be prepared to complete at least three of the courses required for the degree of Bachelor of Science as opportunities arise and as courses are offered. Following Term Two of the program for the Bachelor of Commerce (Co-operative) degree, these courses may be completed during the Spring semester between Terms 2 and 3, or during any of the three Work Terms (for example, in the evening or by distance), or during Terms 3, 4, 5, 6 or 7 (following submission of a course-load waiver). 

2) To meet the requirements for the Joint Degree in the minimum number of 150 credit hours, careful planning, particularly in the selection of elective courses as well as in the sequence of Major program courses, is recommended to ensure timely completion. Also note that, in order to meet the Science general regulations, students must have completed courses in at least four areas of Science. 

3) Six credit hours must be Business electives and 6 credit hours must be Science electives.


PROGRAM REGULATIONS AND COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

BIOCHEMISTRY

Faculty List

Programs and Regulations

Course Descriptions


BIOCHEMISTRY PROGRAMS AND REGULATIONS

The following undergraduate programs are available in the Department:

- Major or Honours in Biochemistry
- Major or Honours in Nutrition
- Major or Honours in Dietetics - Admission to this program is under review. For further information see IMPORTANT NOTE under Professional Program in Dietetics.
- Joint Honours in Biochemistry and Cell Biology
- Joint Honours in Biochemistry and Chemistry
- Joint Honours in Biochemistry and Physics
- Joint Honours in Biochemistry (Nutrition)/Psychology (Behavioural Neuroscience)
- Joint Honours in Biochemistry/Psychology (Behavioural Neuroscience)
- Minor in Biochemistry
- Minor in Nutrition

Students who wish to enrol in any of these programs should plan their program well in advance so that they will have taken the appropriate prerequisites. Entry to a number of required courses is limited and will be determined by academic performance. Required courses should be taken in the year indicated by the course numbers so as to avoid timetable clashes and missing prerequisites which could prolong the time necessary to complete the program. Students are advised to consult with the Department at the earliest opportunity.

Candidates for the general and honours degrees in the programs above should refer to the University Regulations for the General and Honours degrees of Bachelor of Science.

Students who intend to pursue graduate studies should take the courses leading to the honours degree.

NOTE: Supplementary examinations will be allowed in certain Biochemistry courses which have written final examinations. Students should refer to the Faculty of Science Degree Regulations for details.


ADMISSION TO PROGRAMS

Students who wish to declare a Major in Biochemistry or Biochemistry (Nutrition) or who wish to apply for Honours standing in any of our programs are strongly recommended to do so by June 30 in any year. Students who do not declare by this date may not be considered for departmental scholarship or other awards.
NOTE:  For further information see requlations governing admission to Biochemistry (Dietetics).


BIOCHEMISTRY PROGRAM 

Major in Biochemistry

Entry to the Biochemistry Majors program is based on academic standing. To be considered for admission to the program students must have at least 30 credit hours in courses and have successfully completed the following courses (or their equivalents) with a minimum overall average of 60%. In addition, students must be eligible for entry to Chemistry 2400.

a) English 1080, 1110 (or equivalent)
b) Chemistry 1050, 1051 (or Chemistry 1010, 1011)
c) Mathematics 1000, 1001 (or Math 1090, 1000)
d) Biology 1001, 1002 or two first-year University level courses in Physics.

Required courses to complete the major:

a) Biochemistry 2100, 2101, 3105, 3106, 3107, 3108.
b) At least 12 credit hours in courses from Biochemistry 3200, 4002, 4101, 4103, 4104, 4200, 4201.
c) Medicine 310A, 310B or 6 credit hours from Biology 2060, 3050, 3401, 3402, 3530, 4200, 4245, 4404, Chemistry 4201, 4411
d) Biology 1001 and 1002; Mathematics 1001; and Physics 1020 or 1050, and 1051 for those students who did not complete them in first year.
NOTE: Students may also need to complete Physics 1021 in order to fulfil this requirement.
e) Chemistry 1031 which is strongly advised to be taken prior to second year for those students who complete Chemistry 1010 and 1011 in first year. See Note 2 below.
 f) Chemistry 2300, 2400, 2401
g) one of Chemistry 3100, Environmental Sciences 3210, Environmental Sciences 3211.

NOTES: 1) Students are required to complete at least 78 credit hours in Science courses for the General Degree.
2) Majors who take Chemistry 1010/1011 but not Chemistry 1031 as part of their first year sequence risk waiting a whole year before they can continue taking Biochemistry program courses.
3) For the purposes of a Biochemistry degree, Medicine 310A and 310B count as Biochemistry courses.

Students are encouraged to choose a minor. 

Honours Degree in Biochemistry

Students normally should apply for an Honours program at the completion of their third year of studies. To be eligible for admission, students must be in Honours standing. To be considered for early admission to an Honours program in Biochemistry at the end of second year, students must have achieved at least 70% in each of Biochemistry 2100 and 2101 and Chemistry 2400, 2401.

Required courses:

a) Biochemistry 2100, 2101, 3105, 3106, 3107, 3108, 4102, 499A, 499B, Medicine 310A and 310B.
b) Biochemistry 4210 or 4211.
c) Twelve credit hours in courses from Biochemistry 4002, 4101, 4103, 4104, 4200, 4201.
d) At least 6 credit hours in courses from Biochemistry 3200, 3201, 4105, 4220, Biology 2060, 3050, 3530, 4200, 4245, 4404, Chemistry 4201, 4411.
e) Biology 1001 and 1002; Mathematics 1001; and Physics 1020 or 1050, and 1051 for those students who did not complete them in first year.
NOTE: Students may also need to complete Physics 1021 in order to fulfil this requirement.
f) Chemistry 1031 which is strongly advised to be taken prior to second year for those students who complete Chemistry 1010 and 1011 in first year. See Note below.
g) Chemistry 2300, 2400, 2401, one of 3410 or 3411.
h) One of Chemistry 3100, Chemistry 3500, Environmental Sciences 3210, Environmental Sciences 3211.
i)  Statistics 2550 or equivalent.

NOTE: Majors who take Chemistry 1010/1011 but not Chemistry 1031 as part of their first year sequence risk waiting a whole year before they can continue taking Biochemistry program courses.

Students are encouraged to choose a minor.

Those courses in which a grade "B" or an average of 75% or higher are required, as specified in paragraph 6(i) of the Regulations for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science, are 45 credit hours in Biochemistry courses and 15 credit hours in other courses (beyond the 1000-level) chosen from Biochemistry, Biology, or Chemistry. Biochemistry 2010, 2011, Biology 2040, 2041 and Chemistry 2600, 2601 may not be used to meet this requirement. Medicine 310A/B counts as Biochemistry for these seventy-eight credit hours. 

Minor in Biochemistry

Students who take a minor in Biochemistry will complete:

a) Biochemistry 2101, 3106
b) EITHER Biochemistry 2100 OR Biology 2250
c) nine credit hours from Biochemistry 3105, 3107, 3108, 4002, 4101, 4103, 4104, 4200, 4201; OR six credit hours from these Biochemistry courses and three credit hours from Chemistry 4201, 4411, Biology 2060, 3050.
d) EITHER Chemistry 2400, 2401 OR Chemistry 2440 and three additional credit hours from the Biochemistry courses listed in (c) above.

Course prerequisites stipulated in the course descriptions shall apply to a minor in Biochemistry.


NUTRITION PROGRAM

Major in Nutrition

Entry to the Nutrition majors program is based on academic standing. To be considered for admission to the program students must have at least 30 credit hours in courses and have successfully completed the following courses (or their equivalents) with a minimum overall average of 60%.

a) English 1080, 1110 (or equivalent)
b) Chemistry 1050, 1051 (or Chemistry 1010, 1011)
c) Mathematics 1090, 1000 (or Mathematics 1000 and one elective)
d) Biology 1001, 1002 or two first-year University level courses in Physics.

Required courses to complete the major:

a) Biochemistry 2000, 2100, 2101, 3054, 3106, 3200, 3201, 3202, 3402, 4300, 4301, Medicine 310A, 310B.
b) One of Biochemistry 3107, 3108, 4002.
c) Biology 1001 and 1002; and Physics 1020 and 1021 (or equivalent), for those students who did not complete them in first year.
d) Chemistry 2400, 2401, or Chemistry 2440.
e) Statistics 2550 or equivalent.

Students are encouraged to choose a minor.  

NOTES: 1) Students are required to complete at least 78 credit hours in Science courses for the General Degree.
2) Students who choose to complete Chemistry 2400/2401 are advised to take the appropriate prerequisites for those courses.
3) For the purposes of a Biochemistry (Nutrition) degree, Medicine 310A and 310B count as Biochemistry courses.

Honours Degree in Nutrition

Students normally should apply for an Honours program at the completion of their third year of studies. To be eligible for admission, students must be in Honours standing. To be considered for early admission to an Honours program in Nutrition at the end of second year, students must have achieved at least 70% in each of their required 2000-level Biochemistry and Chemistry courses.

In addition to the courses required for the general degree, the program shall include:

a) Biochemistry 3107, 4002, 4502.
b) Six additional credit hours chosen from Biochemistry 3105, 4101, 4103, 4104, 4105, 4200, 4201, 4210, 4211, 4220, 4400.
c) Either Biochemistry 499A/B, or 4999 plus an additional 3 credit hours 4000-level Biochemistry course.

Those courses in which the grades specified in clause 6(i) of the Regulations for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science are 60 credit hours in Biochemistry courses. 

Minor in Nutrition

Students who take a minor in Nutrition will complete:

a) Biochemistry 2101, 3106, 3200, 3201, Medicine 310A, 310B.
b) Six credit hours chosen from Biochemistry 3202, 4300, 4301.

Course prerequisites stipulated in the course descriptions shall apply to a minor in Nutrition. In particular, students should note that one of Chemistry 2440 or Chemistry 2401 are required as corequisites or prerequisites to several courses.


PROFESSIONAL PROGRAM IN DIETETICS

For professional qualification as a dietitian, students are required to complete the degree in Dietetics, followed by an approved Dietetic Internship.

IMPORTANT NOTE:  There will be a competition for admission to the Dietetics program for the 2006-07 academic year. Applications must be received in the Biochemistry Office by April 30, 2006. Further admissions beyond the 2006-07 academic year depend on an academic program review.

Admission to Dietetics

Registration and Promotion

Major in Dietetics

Honours Degree in Dietetics

Admission to Dietetics

All applications for entry to the program for the Bachelor of Science in Dietetics must be submitted to the Head of the Department of Biochemistry by April 30 in any year.

Entrance to the program in Dietetics is on the basis of competition for a fixed number of places. The Admission Committee takes into account the applicant's academic background and information on an applicant's personal qualities and achievements as given by the applicant and by referees' reports.

To be eligible for consideration, an applicant must have completed a minimum of 30 credit hours in courses which have been taken or accepted for credit at a recognized university or university college before entry to the Dietetics program.

Students applying to enter are required to have successfully completed the following courses or their equivalents:

- Chemistry 1010, 1011 (or Chemistry 1050, 1051)
- English 1080, 1110 (or equivalent)
- Mathematics 1090, 1000 (or Mathematics 1000 and one elective)
- Physics 1020 and 1021 (or Physics 1050 and 1051)
- either Biology 1001 and 1002 or Psychology 1000 and 1001

No application will be considered from an applicant who cannot produce evidence that the above requirements have been met or will have been met by the time of entry into the Dietetics program.

After admission, the program will consist of two years of study at this University and a final year at Acadia University. The number of seats available at Acadia University is limited. When a student is accepted into the Dietetics program at Memorial University of Newfoundland, the year that student is expected to attend Acadia University will be set. No guarantee of space will be available in other years. 

Registration and Promotion

The following regulations apply to the program courses taken at Memorial University.

Biochemistry and Chemistry courses shall be taken in the program year indicated by the course number. Biology 1001 and 1002 must be completed by the end of the second year of the program. The remaining courses are to be scheduled so that the course load is five in each semester. Exceptions to this prescribed program, including specified course load, must have the approval of the Committee on Undergraduate Studies of the department. Students who have completed program courses in advance of admission to the program may arrange with the Committee a reduction in the required course load.

For promotion from each term the requirements are: the achievement of a passing grade in all courses; an overall average of at least 60% in those courses required in each academic term; and completion of the appropriate course load as outlined above.

Students who fail to achieve the standards outlined in the paragraph above will be required to withdraw from the program. They may be considered for readmission at which time they will normally be required to repeat the courses in which they failed, and/or to repeat courses which will raise the average to 60%, unless, in the opinion of the Head, a more meaningful course of study would be appropriate.

In order to be considered for readmission, students must formally apply for readmission to the program not later than the deadline date specified in the first paragraph of the Admission section of this program.

Major in Dietetics

Required courses at Memorial University of Newfoundland:

a) Biochemistry 2000, 2010, 2011, 2100, 2101, 3054, 3106, 3200, 3201, 3202, Medicine 310A, 310B.
b) Biology 1001, 1002 (if not taken in first year).
c) Business 1000 and 2000.
d) Chemistry 2440 (or Chemistry 2400, 2401)
e) Statistics 2550 or equivalent.
f) Six credit hours in social science courses if Psychology 1000 and 1001 were not taken in first year.
g) Three credit hours in Computer Science.

NOTE: Students who choose to complete Chemistry 2400/2401 are advised to take the appropriate prerequisites for those courses.

The above courses must be completed before the year at Acadia University for both the General and the Honours Programs.

Required courses at Acadia University:

The equivalent of at least 18 senior level credit hours in nutrition and/or foods must be successfully completed at Acadia University. Courses to make up these credit hours are to be selected in consultation with faculty advisors at Memorial University of Newfoundland and Acadia University.

NOTE: 120 credit hours in courses must be obtained for the General Degree of Bachelor of Science (refer to Regulations for the General Degree of Bachelor of Science, paragraph 1).

Honours Degree in Dietetics

Students normally should apply for an Honours program at the completion of their third year of studies. To be eligible for admission, students must be in Honours standing.

In addition to the courses required for the general degree, the program shall include: Either Biochemistry 499A/B or Biochemistry 4999 plus 3 additional credit hours in Nutrition at Memorial University of Newfoundland or Acadia University at the 4000-level.

The 60 credit hours in courses from clause 6(i) of the Regulations for the Honours degree of Bachelor of Science are the required Biochemistry in the program outlined above and the Nutrition and Foods courses at Acadia University.


BIOCHEMISTRY COURSE LIST

In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, the course descriptions for courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Department.

1430. Biochemistry for Nurses. An introduction to the chemistry and structure-function relationships of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. Basic metabolism of carbohydrates and fats, with emphasis on the biochemical fluctuations that occur in human health and disease. A brief introduction to molecular genetics. This course may not be used for credit to fulfil the requirements for a major in the Department of Biochemistry. Entry into this course is restricted to students in the BN (Collaborative) Program. Prospective fast-track program students should consult with the School of Nursing concerning admission to this course.
Prerequisite: Level 3 Chemistry or Chemistry 1010 or Chemistry 1810 or equivalent.
Lectures: Four hours per week
NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Biochemistry 1430 and the former 2430.

2000. Principles of Food Science. This course enables one to gain an understanding of the scope of Food Science as a discipline. Topics include introductions to chemistry, processing, analysis, microbiology, packaging, product development, sensory evaluation and quality control as they are related to Food Science.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 2400 or 2440.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: One period per week.

2010. Introductory Foods I. An introduction to the science of food and food preparation. Topics covered include fats and oils, simple and complex carbohydrates, fruits and vegetables, cereals and starches. Laboratory work applies scientific principles and theories to practical problems in food preparation.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 1011 or 1051.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

2011. Introductory Foods II. An introduction to the science of food and food preparation. Topics covered include proteins - dairy products, eggs, meats and fish, legumes, gelatin and flour proteins, batters and doughs, meal management and menu planning. Laboratory work applies scientific principles and theories to practical problems of food preparation.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 1011 or 1051; Biochemistry 2010.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

2100. Introduction to Molecular Biology and Genetics. From phenotype to genotype: this course will cover the heritability of simple traits; the discovery of DNA as the molecule of heredity; the structure and function of DNA; the elucidation of the genetic code; and the manipulation of DNA for recombinant DNA technology and biotechnology.
Prerequisites or co-requisites: Biochemistry 2101, Chemistry 2401, Physics 1021 or 1051. Students may replace the co-requisite Chemistry 2401 with Chemistry 2440 as a prerequisite. Chemistry 2440 may not be taken as a co-requisite of 2100.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours on alternate weeks.

2101. Introduction to Biochemistry. An introduction to the major organic substances of living organisms, proteins, carbohydrates and lipids: their structure, analysis and biochemical function. Enzymes. Biochemistry of membranes: plasma membrane and specialized intracellular membranes. Biochemistry of selected differentiated cells.
Prerequisites: Chemistry 2400, 2401, or Chemistry 2440; and Physics 1020 or 1050, and 1021 (or 1051). Chemistry 2401 and Physics 1021 or 1051 can be done concurrently.
Lectures:Three hours per week.
Laboratory: One three-hour laboratory period on alternate weeks to illustrate concepts covered in the lectures.
NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of 2101, Pharmacy 2004, or Pharmacy 3110.

2600. Introduction to Human Nutrition. (Same as HKR 2600). This course gives an overview of human nutrition with an emphasis on topics of current interest. Students will gain an understanding of nutrition in the context of health maintenance across the life span. Topics covered will include nutrition during pregnancy, nutrition for infants, Canadian Recommended Nutrient Intakes / Dietary Reference Intakes, weight loss and weight gain, nutriceuticals and ergogenic aids.
NOTE: (i) Credit can be received for only one of Biochemistry 2600, the former Kinesiology 2600, or HKR 2600.
(ii) Students who have completed Biochemistry 3200 or 3201 may not subsequently receive credit for Biochemistry 2600.
(iii) Students may not count Biochemistry 2600 among the 60 credit hours in Biochemistry courses required for Honours in Biochemistry, Honours in Nutrition, or Honours in Dietetics.

3052. Food Microbiology. - inactive course.

3054. Fundamentals of Food Microbiology. An introduction to the basic principles of microbiology with an emphasis on the study of microorganisms that are found in foods. The role of microbes in food and food spoilage, and the role of food-borne pathogens in human illness and disease will each be discussed. Nutritional aspects of food-borne microorganisms will also be studied.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 1002 and Biochemistry 2101.
NOTE: Credit can only be received for only one of Biochemistry 3052, 3054, Biology 3052, and the former Biochemistry 3401.

3105. Physical Biochemistry. Types of intermolecular forces in biomolecules. The folding of biomolecules and the role of water. PH, buffers, and ionisation of biomolecules. Thermodynamics: equilibria, coupled reactions, transport across membranes and redox reactions. Ligand binding. Size and shape of biomolecules. Isotopes in biochemistry. Spectroscopy of biomolecules.
Prerequisites: Biochemistry 2101; and Chemistry 2300 or Physics 2053.
Lectures: Three hours per week and a two hour problem-solving class.

3106. Metabolism. The catabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and amino acids. Mitochondria, chloroplasts and ATP synthesis. Biosynthesis of carbohydrates and lipids. Metabolic specialization of differentiated cells and tissues. Integration of metabolism.
Prerequisite: Biochemistry 2101.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Practical classes: One three-hour laboratory or one-hour tutorial per week.
NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Biochemistry 3106, the former Biochemistry 3102 or Pharmacy 3111.

3107. Nucleic Acid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. The structure, function and biochemistry of DNA and RNA and the biochemical processes in the flow of information from the gene to protein. These will include: DNA replication, recombination and repair processes; transcription of RNA and RNA splicing; and protein synthesis. The regulation of gene expression will also be covered at an introductory level. The course will also include an introduction to cloning methodology.
Prerequisite: Biochemistry 2101; and Biochemistry 2100 or Biology 2250.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Up to four hours per week which will normally consist of one three hour laboratory period plus one additional hour on the following day.

3108. Molecular Biochemistry of the Cell. This course will focus on the molecular biochemistry of intracellular regulation, including advances in topics such as signal transduction, apoptosis and cancer. Other topics will include protein processing and sorting, cyclins, G-protein structure, function and regulation, cell adhesion molecules and the structure of the extracellular matrix.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Prerequisites: Biochemistry 2100 or Biology 2250; and Biochemistry 2101.

311A and 311B. Human Physiology. (Same as Medicine 310A/B.) This course covers the properties of nerve and muscle cells, the special senses, blood and body fluids, and the nervous, cardiovascular, digestive, immune, respiratory, urinary, endocrine and reproductive systems. Integration of the body’s systems in maintaining homeostasis is emphasized. Priority for entry into this course is given to Biochemistry, Nutrition, Dietetics, and other students who are interested in experimental science.
Prerequisite or Co-requisite: Biochemistry 2101.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: To be specified.
NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Biochemistry 311A/B or Medicine 310A/B.

3200. Basic Human Nutrition I. A study of the nutrients essential to human health and well-being with emphasis on carbohydrates, proteins and lipids-chemistry, dietary source, dietary requirements, metabolism, physiological importance.
Prerequisite or Co-requisite: Biochemistry 2101 or Pharmacy 2004 or Pharmacy 3110.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

3201. Basic Human Nutrition II. A study of the vitamins, minerals and trace elements essential to human health and well-being - chemistry, dietary source, dietary requirements, physiological role, deficiency syndromes.
Corequisite or prerequisite: Biochemistry 3106 or Pharmacy 3111.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

3202. Community Nutrition. Nutritional assessment, nutrition education, and the role of community agencies and individuals in the dissemination of nutritional information. Survey methods and results will be discussed.
Co-requisites or prerequisites: Biochemistry 311B and 3201.
Co-requisites or prerequisites: Biochemistry 3201, and either Biochemistry 311B or Medicine 310B.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Biochemistry 3202 and the former Biochemistry 4302.

3402. Food Chemistry. Water structure and the role of water in chemical reactions and mechanical properties of foods. Chemistry and physical properties of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids. Food dispersions. Pigments and natural colorants. Food flavour. Enzyme properties and applications. Vitamins and minerals. Chemistry of enzymic and non-enzymic browning. Characteristics of: muscle tissue, milk, eggs, bread and edible plant tissue. Food additives. Chemical changes in foods during processing.
Prerequisites: Biochemistry 2000 and Biochemistry 2101.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: One period per week.

4002. Biochemical Regulation. Control theory. Metabolic regulation at the cellular and multicellular level. Hormones: their biosynthesis and mechanism of action. Signal transduction. Endocrine coordination of metabolic processes. Principles will be illustrated by the use of case studies from the medical and veterinary literature.
Prerequisites: Biochemistry 2100 or Biology 2250; Biochemistry 3106.
Lectures: Two to three hours per week, together with assigned reading and case studies.

4101. Proteins. Review of history of protein research and general properties of proteins. Strategy and methods for purification. Chemical structure, properties, modification and determination of the protein amino acids. Sequencing strategy, chain cleavage methods and end group analysis. Folding of the protein main chain and techniques to determine structure. The relationship between structure and function: protein filaments, motors and regulators. Disease-related proteins and other examples from the current literature.
Prerequisite: Biochemistry 3105.
Lectures: Two to three hours per week and assigned reading.

4102. Current Topics in Biochemistry. A seminar course in which faculty and students will discuss topics of current interest in the biochemical literature. Students will be responsible for reading and critically assessing recent literature.
Prerequisites: Admission to this course is restricted to Honours Biochemistry students in their final year or by permission of the Head.

4103. Prokaryotic Gene Regulation. A detailed and up-to-date treatment of the mechanisms of genetic regulation found in bacterial cells. The course will develop topics based on the evidence of bacterial genetics and modern molecular biological experiments. Topics may include: theory of mutations, RNA transcription, positive and negative regulation of transcription; regulation of protein synthesis; control of DNA replication; bacterial operons and regulons; developmental molecular biology in bacterial systems; and evolution and molecular biology of organelles.
Prerequisite: Biochemistry 3107.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4104. Eukaryotic Gene Regulation and Developmental Biology. This course will detail the cellular and molecular aspects of eukaryotic gene regulation and development. Topics to be covered will include the DNA content and organization of eukaryotes, mechanisms controlling the expression of eukaryotic genetic information at the transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels, and the methodologies used to define these mechanisms. Detailed consideration will be given to the cell-surface events which regulate nuclear gene expression and cell lineage specification. Developmental mechanisms operating in a number of model systems will be discussed.
Prerequisite: Biochemistry 3107 or 3108.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4105. Immunology. (Same as Pharmacy 4105. This course is taught and administered by the School of Pharmacy). Introduction to the molecular and cellular basis of immunity and hypersensitivity. Discussion of the manipulation of the immune system in the management and treatment of disease.
Lectures/Tutorials: Three per week.
Co-Requisites or prerequisites: Biochemistry 2101, and either Biochemistry 311B or Medicine 310B.
NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Biochemistry 4105, Pharmacy 4105 and the former Pharmacy 3105.

4200. Bioenergetics and Biological Oxidation. Respiration and electron transport. Functional organization of energy transducing membranes. The structure and function of flavoenzymes, cytochromes, iron-sulfur proteins and quinones. Enzyme reduction of oxygen. Free radicals in biological systems.
Prerequisite: Biochemistry 3106.
Lectures: Two to three hours per week and assigned reading.

4201. Membranes - Structure and Function. The structure of model and biological membranes, the molecular interactions between membrane components and the effects of these interactions on the biophysical and functional properties of membranes. Structure-function of specialized membranous systems, such as lipoprotein, lung surfactant, and lipid rafts. Membrane lipid composition in biochemical adaptation and function. Role of membrane proteins in intracellular trafficking, receptor function, enzymatic activity and membrane-related diseases.
Prerequisite: Biochemistry 3105.

4210. Biochemical Research Techniques I. A course designed to familiarize students with methods used for the study of structural and molecular biology.
Prerequisites: Biochemistry 3105, 3107.
Lectures and laboratory periods: times as arranged.
Attendance is required.

4211. Biochemical Research Techniques II. A course designed to familiarize students with methods used for the study of cellular and subcellular metabolism. This course may include a research project.
Prerequisite: Biochemistry 3106.
Lectures and laboratory periods: times as arranged.
Attendance is required.

4220. Introduction to General Pharmacology. (Same as Medicine 4300.) This course deals with the general principles of pharmacology (dose-response relationship, drug-receptor interaction, absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion of drugs), and drugs that affect neuromuscular and autonomic neurotransmission, the cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and central nervous systems, and autacoids/prostanoids.
Prerequisites: Biochemistry 311A/B or Medicine 310A/B or Pharmacy 2002/2003 (or Pharmacy 3201/3202).
Co-requisites: Biochemistry 3106 or Pharmacy 3111.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.
NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Biochemistry 4220 or Medicine 4300.

4300. Advanced Nutrition. A course in which current controversies and trends in human nutrition are presented and discussed using the scientific literature.
Prerequisites: Biochemistry 3200, 3201, and either Biochemistry 311B or Medicine 310B.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4301. Nutrition and Disease. A course which addresses the scientific basis for nutritional intervention in chronic human disease.
Prerequisites: Biochemistry 3200, 3201, and either Biochemistry 311B or Medicine 310B.
Lectures: Biochemistry 311B, 3200/3201.

4400. Food Analysis. - inactive course.

4502. Techniques in Nutrition Research. A seminar course in which faculty and students will discuss concepts and methods used in the study of nutrition. Students will be responsible for reading and critically assessing recent literature.
Prerequisite: Biochemistry 4301.
Admission to this course is restricted to Honours Nutrition students in their final year or by permission of the head.

499A/499B. Dissertation. A two-semester linked course (6 credit hours) based on independent study of a problem in Biochemistry. The subject of study will be decided in consultation with Faculty advisors and must be approved in advance by the Department, or both Departments in the case of a Joint Honours degree. This dissertation is obligatory for Honours students in Biochemistry. The dissertation will be submitted as a formal written report accompanied by appropriate illustration before the end of the tenth week of the second semester. Before the end of his/her final semester the student will give an oral presentation of his/her research. Admission to this course is restricted to Honours students in their final year or by permission of the Head.
NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Biochemistry 499B or Biochemistry 4999.

4999. Dissertation. A three-credit hour dissertation for Honours students in Dietetics and Nutrition. The dissertation will be based on independent study of a problem in Dietetics or Nutrition. The subject of study will be decided in consultation with Faculty advisors and must be approved in advance by the Department. The dissertation will be submitted as a formal written report accompanied by appropriate illustrations before the end of the semester. Admission to this course is restricted to Honours students in their final year or by permission of the Head.
NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Biochemistry 499B or Biochemistry 4999.


BIOLOGY

Faculty Listing

Programs and Regulations

Course Descriptions


BIOLOGY PROGRAMS AND REGULATIONS

The following undergraduate programs are available in the Department:

- Major or Honours in Biology
- Joint Honours in Biology and Earth Sciences (Geology)
- Joint Honours in Biology and Psychology
- Joint Honours in Biology and Psychology (Behavioural Neuroscience)
- Joint Honours in Biology and Statistics
- Joint Honours in Cell Biology and Biochemistry
- Minor in Biology

Details of joint programs are given after the Honours B.Sc. Regulations.

ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS

Entry to the Biology Majors Program is competitive and based on academic standing.

To be considered for admission to the program students must have completed Biology 1001/1002 with an average of at least 65%. In addition, applicants will normally have completed the following courses (or their equivalents) and must have a minimum overall average of 60% in these courses.

- English 1080, 1110 or equivalent
- Mathematics 1090 and Mathematics 1000 (or Mathematics 1000 only)
- Chemistry 1010/1011 or Chemistry 1050/1051 or Physics 1020/1021 or Physics 1050/1054
- (If Mathematics 1000 taken, any one other first year course)

Chemistry 1010/1011 (or 1050/1051) should be taken in the first year, as it is a prerequisite for other required courses in the Biology program, and delaying chemistry until second year may make it difficult to complete the program in the normal eight semesters.

MINOR IN BIOLOGY

A minor in Biology will consist of 24 credit hours in Biology courses: 1001 and 1002 (or equivalent) plus any 18 credit hours chosen from the list of Biology courses except 2040, 2041 and 2120. The choice of courses must be made in consultation with the Head of Biology or delegate and it is recommended (but not required) that students take at least two Biology courses at the 3000-level or above

GENERAL DEGREE - MAJOR IN BIOLOGY

Each Biology Major is assigned a faculty advisor who should be consulted on academic problems, including course selection. All students majoring in Biology are required to complete a minimum of 45 credit hours in courses from the Biology Department offering. Those 45 credit hours must include Biology 1001/1002 or their equivalents, the 15 credit hours in core courses listed below, and 24 credit hours in biology electives.

Biology Core (15 credit hours): Biology 2060, 2250, 2600, 2900, plus one of Biology 3401, 3402, 4245 and 4404.

All majors must also successfully complete the following courses or their equivalents:
- English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalent)
- Physics 1020/1021 (or 1050/1054)
- Mathematics 1000
- Chemistry 1010/1011 (or 1050/1051), 2440
- Statistics 2550
- Biochemistry 2101 and 3106
- Extra Science courses as necessary to fulfil the requirement for 78 credit hours in Science as stipulated in Clause 3 i. of the "REGULATIONS FOR THE GENERAL DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE".

It is recommended (but not required) that a Computer Science course be included and the Biology Department strongly recommends Computer Science 2650.

NOTE: To minimize timetabling problems, students on the St. John's campus are advised to take Biology 2250 and 2600 in their third semester (Fall), and 2060 and 2900 in their fourth semester (Winter).

HONOURS DEGREES

The attention of students wishing to take Honours is called to those sections of the Calendar dealing with Regulations for the Degree of Bachelor of Science (Honours).

Sixty-nine credit hours in courses, including the 6 first year credit hours and the 15 required core credit hours outlined in the regulations for the General Degree, and the Honours Dissertation (Biology 499A/499B), shall be taken from the Department of Biology offering. Students may elect to complete an Honours Program in Biology or in one of the joint Honours Programs listed under the heading "Programs in Biology". Programs of students taking Honours shall be drawn up in consultation with the student's supervisor, and must be approved by the Head of the Department (or his/her delegate) in accordance with Regulation 1.b of the REGULATIONS FOR THE HONOURS DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE.

NOTE: Some Graduate Courses may be taken in the final year of the Honours Program with the permission of the Head of the Department and the course instructor.

A dissertation (6 credit hours) is to be presented on some original piece of work undertaken by the candidate, under the guidance of a faculty member of the department, as appointed by the Head of Department. For students electing to take one of the Joint Honours Programs, the dissertation shall be on a topic representative of the selected program. The Department of Biology considers the dissertation to be an important part of the Honours Program.

The dissertation will be based on a 6 credit hours course (Biology 499A/499B). It will involve directed reading relevant to the dissertation topic, preparation of a dissertation outline, supervised research, data synthesis and interpretation, and preparation and defence of the dissertation.

Two typed copies of the dissertation, complete with figures and tables, are to be submitted not less than two weeks before the end of lectures in the semester in which the candidate is registered for Biology 499B. These copies must be submitted to the Head of Department, and must have met the prior approval of the candidate's Honours supervisor.

Before the last day for examinations in the semester, the candidate will be examined orally on the contents of the dissertation. The examining committee shall consist of the Head of the Department, or delegate, the candidate's supervisor, and an examiner appointed by the Head of the Department in consultation with the candidate's supervisor.

HONOURS IN BIOLOGY

Students seeking the Honours Degree in Biology must satisfactorily complete Biology 1001/1002 (or equivalents) and the 15 credit hours of core Biology courses. The remaining 48 credit hours in Biology courses, which must include the dissertation (499A/499B), may be taken as electives from the Biology offering, on the advice of the supervisor. Additional courses from other departments required for the Honours Degree in Biology include those given for the Major in Biology Program as outlined above.

An Honours degree in Biology may comprise a broadly based selection of courses according to the students interests, or it may be more narrowly focused. An Honours student may focus on any area of Biology where an appropriate supervisor can be found. All Honours students should choose courses in consultation with their supervisors, but it is particularly important that students wishing to focus within the Honours degree should discuss course selection with an Honours supervisor within their area of interest.

As a guide to course selection a number of foci are set out below with some appropriate courses. Note that students are not limited to these areas but may focus their programs wherever they wish provided that (i) an appropriate supervisor is available, (ii) consultation with that supervisor takes place, and (iii) the resources of the Department, as determined by the Head of Department, are appropriate and adequate. Area of focus will not be indicated on the students' transcript.

Focus in Marine Biology

Students wishing to focus on marine biology in their Biology Honours program must fulfil all the requirements for an Honours degree in Biology as set out above. The following courses are recommended for this area of interest: Biology 2010, 2122, 2210, 3050, 3295, 3620, 3709, 3710, 3711, 3712, 4012, 4360, 4505, 4510, 4600, 4601, 4605, 4750, 4810. (Note: this list is only advisory; these are not required courses).

Focus in Cell/Molecular Biology

Students wishing to focus on cell biology/molecular biology in their Biology Honours program must fulfil all the requirements for an Honours degree in Biology as set out above. The following courses are recommended for this area of interest: Biology 3050, either 3401 or 3402, 3500, 3530, 3540, 3620, 4000, 4040, 4241, 4245, 4402, 4404, 4605. (Note: this list is only advisory; these are not required courses).

Focus in Ecology - Evolution

Students wishing to focus on ecology and/or evolution in their Biology Honours program must fulfil all the requirements for an Honours degree in Biology as set out above. The following courses are recommended for this area of interest: Biology 3041, 3295, 4360, 4504, 4605; either 4810 or 4820. (Note: this list is only advisory; these are not required courses).


BIOLOGY COURSE LIST

In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, the course descriptions for courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Department.

NOTES: 1) Students may obtain credit for only 6 1000-level credit hours in Biology. Normally, these courses will be Biology 1001-1002, which are prerequisite to all higher courses in Biology, except where noted below.
2) According to the nature of particular courses, the specified number of laboratory hours may consist of some combination of laboratory work, seminars or directed independent study relevant to the practical aspects of the subject matter.

1001-1002. Principles of Biology. An introduction to the science of Biology, including a discussion of the unity, diversity and evolution of living organisms.
Three hours of lecture and a three-hour laboratory per week.
NOTE: Biology 1001 is a prerequisite for Biology 1002.

2010. Biology of Plants. A study of the structure, function and reproductive biology of plants, with emphasis on the vascular plants, and on their relationship to environment and human activities.
Three hours of lecture and a three-hour laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 1001 and 1002; Chemistry 1010 or 1050 (or 1000).

2040. Modern Biology and Human Society I. This course examines various aspects of the human body, and the implications of modern biological research for human beings. Topics include cancer; diet and nutrition and associated diseases; circulatory disease, immunity, human genetics, biorhythms, new diseases, genetic engineering and reproductive engineering.
Three hours of lectures/seminars per week.
NOTE: Biology 2040 is not acceptable as one of the required courses for the Minor, Major or Honours programs in Biology. There are no prerequisites for this course.

2041. Modern Biology and Human Society II. This course examines the origins and consequences of the environmental crisis of the 20th century. Topics include the population explosion, energy, material cycles, air and water and land pollution, global food supplies, the fisheries, wildlands, renewable and non-renewable resources, environmental ethics.
Three hours of lecture/seminar per week.
NOTE: Biology 2041 is not acceptable as one of the required courses for the Minor, Major or Honours programs in Biology. There are no prerequisites for this course.

2060. Principles of Cell Biology. A modern view of the biology of eukaryotic cells, organelles and molecules and their interactions in the functioning of living organisms.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 1001, 1002 and 2250; Chemistry 2440 or 2400
Prerequisites or co-requisites: Physics 1021 or 1051; Biochemistry 2101
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 2060 and the former Biology 3060.

2120. Biology for Students of Earth Sciences. An introduction of the principles of Biology for students in Earth Sciences. Topics will include principles of classification, levels of biological organization, fundamental characteristics of living organisms and basic concepts in ecology.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Earth Science major; Earth Sciences 1001 or 1002 or permission of the Head of Department.
NOTES: 1) Entry to this course is restricted to Earth Sciences majors, or by permission of the Head of Department.
2) This course may not be used for credit by Biology Majors or Minors.
3) Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 2120 and either of Biology 1001 or 1002.

2122. Biology of Invertebrates. A study of the invertebrates with emphasis on structure and function, adaptations and life histories. The laboratories will present a broad survey of the major invertebrate groups.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 1001 and 1002.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 2122 and the former Biology 3122.

2210. Biology of Vertebrates. A study of the vertebrates, with emphasis on structure and function, adaptations and life histories.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 1001 and 1002.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 2210 and the former Biology 3210.

2250. Principles of Genetics. An introduction to Mendelian and molecular genetics. Phenotype and genotype, behaviour of alleles in genetic crosses, chromosome theory of inheritance, genetic linkage, molecular biology of DNA, RNA and protein, molecular basis of mutation, recombinant DNA, applications of genetic biotechnology.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 1001 and 1002; Chemistry 1010 and 1011 (or 1050/1051).
Prerequisites or corequisites: Chemistry 2440 or 2400.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 2250 and the former Biology 3250.

2600. Principles of Ecology. A conceptual course introducing the principles of ecology, including theoretical, functional and empirical approaches.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 1001 and 1002.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 2600 and the former Biology 3600.

2900. Principles of Evolution and Systematics. An introduction to the processes and patterns of evolution, and the principles of classification. Natural selection and other microevolutionary pro-cesses, variation and adaptation, species and speciation, phylogenetic systematics, reconstruction of phylogeny, macro-evolutionary patterns in the fossil record and their interpretation.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 1001, 1002 and 2250.
Prerequisite of corequisite: Statistics 2550 (or equivalent)
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 2900 and the former Biology 3900.

3041. Boreal Flora. The identification of the terrestrial vascular plants of Newfoundland and Labrador. Various aspects of floral biology, and the use of dichotomous keys will be covered.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 1001 and 1002.
NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of Biology 3041 or ENVS 3110.

3050. Introduction to Microbiology. A study of the basic principles underlying microbial life. The structure, function, nutrition and growth, control, and bioenergetics of bacteria. An introduction to the biology of fungi and viruses, and to principles of immunology. Aspects of disease and the biotechnological uses of micro-organisms. The laboratory sessions provide training in aseptic techniques and diagnostic experimental manipulations with microorganisms.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 1001 and 1002; Chemistry 2440 or 2400,
Either Chemistry 2401 or 2420 may be used as a corequisite.

3052. Food Microbiology. (Same as Biochemistry 3052). - inactive course.

3053. Microbiology for Nurses. The fundamentals of microbiology with an emphasis on medical microbiology. The course will include topics such as: host responses to infections, human diseases caused by microorganisms, and the control and exploitation of microorganisms. Entrance is restricted to Nursing students in the Collaborative B.N. program.
Lecture: Three hours per week.
Laboratories: Two hours per week.
NOTE: Biology 3053 is not acceptable as one of the required courses for the Minor, Major or Honours programs in Biology, nor is it acceptable for any of the joint programs between Biology and other disciplines.

3160. Insect Morphology and Physiology. An examination of the structural organization and physiology of insects. Comparisons with other arthropod classes will be drawn where appropriate.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2122.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 3160 and the former Biology 3150. It is recommended that students enrolling in Biology 3160 have already completed one of Biology 3401, Biology 3402, Biology 4404, or Biochemistry 3106.

3202. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. The phylogenetic development and comparative anatomy of the vertebrates.
Three hours of lecture and four hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 1001 and 1002.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for this course and either of the former Biology 3200 or the former Biology 3201.

3295. Population and Evolutionary Ecology. An introduction to the theory and principles of evolutionary ecology and population dynamics.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2600; at least one of Biology 2010, 2122 or 2210.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 3295 and the former Biology 4290.

3401. Comparative Animal Physiology. A comparative study of the basic physiological processes, with special attention paid to those strategies invoked by animals which enable them to adapt to environmental changes.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2060 and 2210.
Prerequisite or Co-requisite: Biochemistry 3106.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 3401 and the former Biology 4401.

3402. Principles of Plant Physiology. A consideration of the principles of plant physiology, including water relations, nutrition, metabolism, growth and development.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2010 and 2060.
Prerequisite or corequisite: Biochemistry 3106.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 3402 and the former Biology 4403.

3500. Histology. A study of microstructure and ultrastructure of tissues and organ systems in vertebrates, particularly mammals, with emphasis on correlating structure and function.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2060 and 2210.

3530. Developmental Biology. A study of developmental systems in protistans, plants and animals with a focus on the underlying principles and molecular mechanisms involved in cellular differentiation, morphogenesis and growth.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2060 and either 2250 or Biochemistry 2100.

3540. Histotechnique. Theory and practice of preparatory tech-niques for microscopical study of tissues and cells. Experimental approach in cytochemical localization of cell components and introduction to electron microscopy.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Biology 3500.

3610. Boreal Ecology. A study of the principal features of terrestrial ecosystems, with emphasis on the boreal region.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2010, 2250, 2600 and 2900; Statistics 2550 or equivalent.
NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of Biology 3610 or ENVS 3131.

3620. Aquatic Microbial Ecology. A study of the nature, distribution and activities of microorganisms in the freshwater and marine environments. Field and laboratory work illustrate some of the investigative techniques used in this area of study.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2600 and 3050; Statistics 2550 or equivalent.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 3620 and the former Biology 3603.

3709. Field Course in Marine Principles and Techniques. The course begins with a two-week field school immediately prior to the beginning of the Fall Semester. In the Fall Semester there are follow-up lectures, readings and submission of reports. The course is designed to introduce the principal marine environments, organisms and techniques. It is strongly recommended that this course be taken before either Biology 3710, 3711 or 4810. May be taken only with the permission of the Head of Department.
Prerequisites: Biology 2600 and 2900; Statistics 2550 or equivalent.

3710. The Aquatic Environment. The abiotic properties of marine and freshwater systems, including basin formation, chemical properties, circulation and dynamics, sampling techniques and the special characteristics of estuarine systems. Emphasis will be on large bodies of water, but stream hydrology will also be discussed.
This course may be offered in a usual 13 week semester or as a two-week field course.
Either: three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Or: a two-week field course that embodies equivalent instructional time.
Prerequisites: Physics 1021 or 1051; Chemistry 1011 or 1051; Biology 2600 as prerequisite or co-requisite.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 3710 and the former Biology 3700.

3711. The Ecology of Open Waters. A comparative survey of the major biological groups in open water aquatic habitats, both freshwater and marine, with community structure, trophic interactions and energy flow as central themes. Strategies for measuring population levels and production and for constructing both conceptual and quantitative models of ecosystems and their components are emphasized.
This course may be offered in a usual 13 week semester or as a two-week field course.
Either: three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Or: a two-week field course that embodies equivalent instructional time.
Prerequisites: Biology 2122, 2600 and 3710.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 3711 and the former Biology 3701.

3712. Benthic Biology. The biology of the aquatic benthos (bottom-dwelling organisms); their origins, adaptations, life histories and ecological roles.
This course may be offered in a usual 13 week semester or as a two-week field course.
Either: three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Or: a two-week field course that embodies equivalent instructional time.
Prerequisites: Biology 2122, 2600 and 3710.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 3712 and the former Biology 3630.

3714. Estuarine Fish Ecology Field Course. Community structure, function and distribution of northern coastal fishes in fjords and estuarine environments. Emphasis on sampling, field techniques, taxonomy, quantitative characterization, adaptations and habitat relationships. A comparative approach will contrast fish communities from other areas. To be held as a two week field course.
Prerequisite/Co-requisite: Biology 2600.

3750. Animal Behaviour I. (Same as Psychology 3750). An introduction to the mechanisms and development of the behaviour of animals. Topics include: the history of ethology and comparative psychology, methods of animal behaviour study, behaviour of animals in relation to physiology, sensory function, learning, communication, orientation, and other areas in biology and psychology.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 1001 and 1002; Statistics 2550 or equivalent.
NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Biology 3750, Psychology 3750, the former Biology 4700, or the former Psychology 4700.

3811. Paleontology (W). (Same as Earth Sciences 3811) This course is taught and administered by the Department of Earth Sciences.
Prerequisites: EITHER Earth Sciences 1002 and Biology 2120 (or Biology 1001 and 1002), OR Biology 2122 and 2210.
NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Biology 3811, the former Biology 3800, and the former Earth Sciences 3801.

4000. Bacterial Systematics. A study of bacterial classification, nomenclature and identification. Subjects include classical and numerical taxonomy, aerobic and anaerobic culture techniques, phage typing, serotyping and the significance of genetic relatedness. The laboratory work presents the techniques of determinative bacteriology.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2250 and 3050.

4012. Phycology. The biology of the algae. A study of the structure, reproduction and evolution of the major divisions of the algae. Aspects of algal physiology and ecology relating to how algae are adapted to life in freshwater, marine and symbiotic environments, together with economic aspects of phycology, will also be covered. The laboratories will emphasize the recognition and identification of representative species of the major algal divisions with a bias towards local species. There will be field trips to collect material in local marine and freshwater environments.
This course may be offered in a usual 13 week semester or as a two-week field course.
Either: three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Or: a two-week field course that embodies equivalent instructional time.
Prerequisites: Biology 2060 and 2600.

4014. Biology and Ecology of Boreal and Arctic Seaweeds. A field course examination of seaweed biology and ecology with special study of living specimens in estuarine, fjordic and exposed coastal sites, demonstrating their physiological and ecological adaptations to cold-water habitats. This course is offered at the Bonne Bay Marine Station during the Summer Semester with two weeks of instruction followed by a week to complete course requirements.
Prerequisite: Biology 2600 or equivalent.

4040. Mycology. A study of the physiology, morphogenesis, nature of plant and animal parasitism, ecology and taxonomy of terrestrial and freshwater fungi.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2060 and 3050.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 4040 and the former Biology 3020.

4141. Nematology. A study of plant parasitic, insect parasitic and free-living marine, freshwater and terrestrial nematodes, with emphasis on taxonomy, biology, economic importance, control methodologies and environmental applications.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2010, 2122 and 2600.

4150. Insect Systematics and Ecology. A study of the classification, ecology and behaviour of insects with special emphasis on the boreal fauna.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2122 and 2600.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 4150 and the former Biology 4140.

4180. General Parasitology. An examination of parasitism as a way of life, with emphasis on classification, structural adaptation, life cycles and ecology.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2122, 2210 and 2600.

4182. Fisheries and Wildlife Parasitology. A study of the important parasites of fish and other wildlife and their impact on both individuals and populations.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Biology 4180.

4200. Immunology. A study of vertebrate and invertebrate immune systems including antigens and antibodies and their reactions.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2060 and Biology 3050.

4241. Advanced Genetics. Advanced topics in modern genetic analysis, including regulation of gene expression, developmental genetics, molecular basis of inherited disease, genomics, immuni-genetics, behavioural genetics, and molecular evolution.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2250; Biochemistry 2101.

4245. Biophysics. An examination of the physical properties involved in defining diffusion, membrane properties, electrochemical potentials and the processes of bioenergetics within cells and organelles. Selected topics in biomechanics and the functioning of whole organisms with respect to size, shape, support, orientation, transport and motility.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2060; Biochemistry 2101.

4250. Evolutionary Genetics. Advanced topics in the study of micro and macro-evolutionary phenomena. Genetic variation in natural populations; theory of genetic drift, mutation, migration, inbreeding, and natural selection; neutral theory of molecular evolution, patterns of nucleotide substitution, heritability and quantitative genetics.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2250 and 2900.

4270. History of Biology. Consideration of the development of biological concepts as interactions between observations, philosophical systems and cultural environment. This course will normally require students to make verbal presentations to the class, participate in discussions and submit written papers. May be taken only with the permission of the Instructor.
Three hours of lecture plus one three-hour seminar per week.
Prerequisites: A minimum of 90 credit hours overall including a minimum of nine credit hours from any of Biology 2010, 2122, 2210, 2600 and including a minimum of six credit hours in Biology at the 3000 level or above, plus the permission of the Instructor.

4306. Applied Biology. An examination of how biological and other sciences are applied to the problems of management and utilization of organisms at both the individual and systems level to meet human needs.
Prerequisites: Biology 2060, 2250, 2600, 2900 and one of Biology 2010, 2122 or 2210.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Biology 4306 and either of the former Biology 4303 or the former Biology 4304.

4360. Community and Ecosystem Ecology. A study of the basic principles, patterns and processes of ecological communities and ecosystems.
Three hours of lecture plus a seminar/discussion group each week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2250, 2600 and 2900 and one of Biology 2010, 2122 or 2210; Statistics 2550 or equivalent.

4402. Electron Microscopy in Life Sciences. - inactive course.

4404. Microbial Physiology. A study of the structure and growth of microorganisms. Subjects include metabolic diversityand functions of components and organelles. The physiology of microbes interacting with their environment is emphasized. Quantitative experimental methodology is studied in the laboratory.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2250 and 3050; Biochemistry 3106.

4505. Systematics and Biogeography. A study of the geographical distributions of plants and animals with particular reference to temporal and spatial variability and to theories advanced to explain historical and recent distribution patterns.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2250, 2600, 2900 and one of Biology 2010, 2122 or 2210.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 4505 and Geography 4170.

4510. Distribution Patterns in the Sea. An ecological approach to the description and understanding of biogeographic patterns in the sea. Lectures and discussions will focus on what the main patterns are and how they are determined, aspects of the ocean environment that contribute to pattern, how lifestyles are adapted to oceanic conditions, diversity and dispersal, analytical techniques, and practical geographic problems concerning the exploitation and management of marine resources. It is recommended (but not required) that students take Biology 3710, 3711 and 4505 beforehand.
Three hours of lecture/seminar and a three hour laboratory/discussion session each week.
Prerequisite or corequisite: Biology 4605.

4550. Principles of Endocrinology. This course comprises an introduction to basic concepts concerned with how chemical messages are transmitted and received between cells to coordinate body functions. Hormonal control of adaptation, reproduction, metabolism, growth, digestion, and electrolyte homeostasis will be discussed. Although the endocrinology of invertebrates and lower vertebrates will be mentioned as appropriate, the main emphasis will be on mammalian and human endocrinology at the level of the whole organism.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2122 and 3401; Biochemistry 3106.

4600. Ichthyology. The study of fishes: taxonomy, life histories, evolution, behaviour and zoogeography.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2210 and 2600.

4601. Functional Biology of Fish. An introduction to anatomical, physiological and cellular aspects of selected processes in the life cycle of fishes.
Prerequisites: Biology 2060, 2210, and 3401.

4605. Quantitative Methods in Biology. (Same as Statistics 4581 and the former Statistics 4605). Quantitative reasoning using verbal, graphical and statistical models of scaled quantities (units and dimensions). Exploratory and confirmatory analysis of field and laboratory data. Hypothesis testing, including randomization tests. Topics include the general linear model (t-tests, ancova etc), correlation, autocorrelation, geographic statistics, estimates of population size and multivariate methods.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Statistics 2550.

4620. Ornithology. Structure, classification, evolution, ecology and behaviour of birds, with particular reference to those of economic importance. Identification of the birds of Eastern Canada.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2210 and 2600.

4630. Mammalogy. Evolution, systematics, life histories and distribution of mammals, with particular emphasis on eastern North American forms.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 2210 and 2600.

4650. Conservation in Biology and Geography. (Same as Geography 4650). Examination of how biological and geographical principles can be applied to conserving biological diversity in the natural world under conditions of exploitation and habitat loss. Special emphasis will be given to relevant provincial examples.
Three hours of lecture per week and 3 hours of seminar/discussion group per week.
Prerequisites: 30 credit hours in either Biology or Geography and permission of the course co-ordinator.

4701. Animal Behaviour II. (Same as Psychology 4701*). An examination of the behaviour of animals with particular emphasis on evolution and ecology. Topics include behavioural genetics and evolution, reproductive strategies, social behaviour, habitat selection, territoriality, foraging behaviour, and other topics in biology and psychology.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology/Psychology 3750(formerly Biology 4700).

4750. Fisheries Ecology. The application of ecological principles to the problem of managing exploited fish populations. Laboratory exercises will be based on a simulation approach to fisheries problems using computer and animal models.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Biology 2600.

4800. Advanced Palaeontology. (Same as Earth Sciences 4800). This course is taught and administered by the Department of Earth Sciences.
Prerequisites: Earth Science/Biology 3811, and one of Statistics 2510, Statistics 2550 or Mathematics 2000.

4810. Research Field Course in Marine Biology. The course will consist of an intensive two-week field school designed to acquaint students with marine field research, experimental design, methodology and data analysis. Emphasis will be placed on individual projects. Projects must be designed and approved prior to the commencement of the course and will involve a written report. May be taken only with permission of the Head of Department. At the discretion of the Head of Department, another recognized field course may be substituted for Biology 4810.
Prerequisites: Biology 3710 and any two of Biology 2010, 2122 or 2210. It is strongly recommended that students take Biology 3709 before 4810.

4820. Field Course in Terrestrial Biology. The course will begin with a three-week field school immediately prior to the beginning of the Fall Semester. It is designed to acquaint students with terrestrial organisms and environments, and emphasis will be placed on survey and sampling techniques. In the Fall Semester the material and data collected in the field will be used in lecture and laboratory periods dealing with identification, analytical methods, and report compilation.
Prerequisites: Biology 2010, 2122, 2210, 2600 and permission of the Head. of the Department.
Recommended: Biology 4605.

4822. Internship in Biology. The course is an external applied laboratory where a student works with professionals on a problem or problems in biological research. Co-operating agencies may include Environment Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Agriculture Canada, the Provincial Departments of Fisheries and Forestry, and others. The student will have a supervisor within the Department and one in the co-operating agency, and will be expected to write a scientific account detailing the particulars of the work experience. The arrangements for the position must be agreed upon, and a project proposal approved, by the Head of the Department or delegate prior to registration for the course. Enrolment will be dependent upon the availability of suitable positions, and will be limited to students in the Honours Program. This course can be done in any semester, and carries three credit hours.

4900. Research Methods in Genetic Biotechnology. The course will include DNA extraction, DNA amplification by the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), DNA cloning, DNA sequence analysis and Bioinformatics. Additional modules in gene expression and re-sequencing chip technologies may be included. This will be offered on campus as a three week course during the Spring Semester. Entry to the course will be by permission of the Head of the Department or delegate and preference will be given to senior students.
Prerequisites: Biology 2250 or Biochemistry 2100.

4910-4920. Special Topics in Biology. These courses will be given for senior undergraduates and will be in a two-week format which will involve equivalent instruction time as a course on campus. These courses will cover a range of topics in specialized fields in Biology and may be offered at the Bonne Bay Field Station, at the Harlow campus or elsewhere as appropriate. They may be taught by visiting specialists when available.

499A/499B. Honours Dissertation. This course is available only to students in the Honours Program. Requirements for the Dissertation are outlined under the heading "HONOURS DEGREES".


CHEMISTRY

Faculty Listing

Programs and Regulations

Course Descriptions


CHEMISTRY PROGRAMS AND REGULATIONS

The following undergraduate programs are available in the department:

- Major* or Honours* in Chemistry
- Joint Honours in Chemistry and Earth Sciences*
- Joint Honours in Chemistry and Applied Mathematics*
- Joint Honours in Chemistry and Biochemistry*
- Joint Honours in Chemistry and Physics*
- Minor in Chemistry

* These programs are accredited by the Canadian Society for Chemistry.

Details of joint programs are given after the Honours B.Sc. Regulations.

UNDERGRADUATE HANDBOOK

Additional information about the undergraduate program, individual courses and suggested timetables can be found in the Department of Chemistry Undergraduate Handbook which is available on the web at www.chem.mun.ca.

FACULTY ADVISORS

Each student majoring in Chemistry will be assigned a Faculty Advisor who should be consulted on all academic matters. Individual programs must be drawn up in consultation with the advisor.

NOTE: Students who have obtained a grade of 3 or better on the Advanced Placement courses in Chemistry will normally be eligible for direct entry into Chemistry 1031 or second year courses. Such students must consult the department before registration.

MINOR IN CHEMISTRY

Candidates who take a minor in Chemistry will complete Chemistry 1050 and 1051 (or 1010, 1011 and 1031) or equivalent, 2400, 2401, 2210, 2300 and 6 credit hours in courses chosen from 3100, 3211, 3300, 3301, 3410, 3411 and 3500.

GENERAL DEGREE-MAJOR IN CHEMISTRY

The courses required for a Major in Chemistry are:

a) Chemistry 1050 and 1051 (or 1010, 1011 and 1031) or equivalent, 2300, 2210, 2400, 2401, 3100, 3211, 3300, 3301, 3410, 3411, 3500 and 4110.
b) Physics 1050 (or 1020 and 1021), 1051 and 2820.
c) Mathematics 1000, 1001, 2000, 2050 and Applied Mathematics 3260.

Recommended courses: Biochemistry 2100 and 2101, Mathematics 2051, Physics 2055 and 2750, and 6 credit hours in one of the following languages: French, German, or Russian.

Students considering declaring Chemistry as their Major are encouraged to contact either the Department Head or the Deputy Head (Undergraduate Studies).

HONOURS DEGREE IN CHEMISTRY

Students wishing to take Honours should consult those sections of the Calendar dealing with 'Regulations for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science'. The Honours program in Chemistry consists of at least 66 credit hours in Chemistry courses. It is recommended that candidates also take groups of 18 or more credit hours in each of two other science subjects, normally Biochemistry, Biology, Earth Sciences, Physics, or Mathematics.

Required Courses
a) Chemistry 1050 and 1051 (or 1010, 1011 and 1031) or equivalent, 2300, 2210, 2400, 2401, 3100, 3211, 3300, 3301, 3410, 3411, 3500, 4110, 4300, 4302, 490A/B, 6 credit hours selected from courses with initial digits 42, and a selection from the remaining 4000-level courses.
b) Physics 1050 (or 1020 and 1021), 1051 and 2820.
c) Mathematics 1000, 1001, 2000, 2050 and Applied Mathematics 3260.

Recommended courses: Biochemistry 2100 and 2101, Mathematics 2051, Physics 2055 and 2750.

A thesis based on a selected research topic carried out under the supervision of a member of the department is to be submitted in the final year.

Chemistry 490A/B will normally require the equivalent of 9 hours/week for 2 semesters. Registration in Chemistry 490A/B is restricted to those students who have honours standing. Evaluation of the dissertation will be pass/fail, assessed by a committee comprising the supervisor and two other faculty members.

With approval of the Heads of the Chemistry and Biochemistry Departments prior to registration, a number of courses in Biochemistry may be substituted for a like number of Chemistry courses.

Six credit hours in one language are recommended: French, German or Russian should be selected in consultation with the Department Head.

Prospective Honours students in Chemistry in their first year should take

a) Six credit hours in English.
b) Chemistry 1050 and 1051 (or 1010, 1011 and 1031) or their equivalents.
c) Physics 1050 and 1051 or 1020 and 1021.
d) Mathematics 1000 and 1001.
e) Six credit hours in other courses.

Given appropriate circumstances the Honours Chemistry program may be completed in four years. Students should consult the Undergraduate Student Handbook for timetabling details.

NOTE: Students completing first year requirements for any of Chemistry, Mathematics or Physics via the three course options (i.e. Chemistry 1010, 1011, 1031 (or 1800, 1200, 1001), Mathematics 1090, 1000, 1001, Physics 1020, 1021, 1051) instead of the two course options (Chemistry 1050, 1051, Mathematics 1000, 1001, Physics 1050, 1051) will require the corresponding number of extra credits to obtain an Honours degree.

Arrangements for subsequent years will depend on the other science subjects being studied and should be made in consultation with the Head of the Department.

NOTE: Certain advanced courses may only be offered in alternate years. Candidates therefore should consult the Head of the Department before registration.

Certain of the Graduate courses may be taken in the final year of the Honours Program with the permission of the Head of the Department.

NOTE: Details of Joint Honours programs with Biochemistry, Earth Sciences, Mathematics and Physics as outlined under JOINT PROGRAMS.


CHEMISTRY COURSE LIST

COURSE RESTRICTIONS

Credit will be given for no more than one of Chemistry 1000, 1010, 1050, 1200, 150A/B, no more than one of Chemistry 1001, 1031, 1051, 150A/B, and no more than one of Chemistry 1001, 1011, 1051, 150A/B.

COURSE LIST

In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, the course descriptions for courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Department.

NOTE: Attendance for ALL Chemistry Laboratory sessions is mandatory. Failure to attend may result in a failing grade or deregistration from the course.

1010 (F) and 1011 (W). Introductory Chemistry I and II. Descriptive chemistry; atomic structure; chemical bonding; periodicity illustrated by the chemistry of selected elements; mole concept and stoichiometry; physical properties of matter; energetics; rates of reaction; chemical equilibrium; electrochemistry.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 1010 is a prerequisite for Chemistry 1011.
Lectures: Four hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

1031. Introductory Chemistry III (F/S). This course prepares students who have completed Chemistry 1010 and 1011 for Chemistry 2210, 2300 and 2400. It augments the topics covered in Chemistry 1010 and 1011 with the greater depth and problem solving emphasis of Chemistry 1050 and 1051.
Prerequisites: Chemistry 1011 and Mathematics 1000.
Lectures: Four hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

1050 (F) and 1051 (W). General Chemistry I and II. The topics will be similar to 1010/1011 but will be treated in greater depth with an emphasis on problem solving.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 1000. Mathematics 1000 may be taken concurrently with Chemistry 1050. Chemistry 1050 and Mathematics 1000 are prerequisites for Chemistry 1051.
Lectures: Four hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.
NOTES: 1): For entry to Chemistry 1050 students must have
i) achieved at least 80% in high school Chemistry 3202 and
ii) successfully completed high school Advanced Mathematics 3205.
2) Other students, including those with no high school chemistry background, will take Chemistry 1010. It is recommended that students have at least 70% in high school Academic Mathematics 3204, or a pass in any university level mathematics course.
3) Only six science credit hours will be awarded for a major or honours in Chemistry from the following course groups: Chemistry 1010/1011/1031, or Chemistry 1800/1200/1001 (Sir Wilfred Grenfell College).

2210. Introductory Inorganic Chemistry (W). Chemistry of selected s, p, and d block elements. Introduction to crystal and molecular structures and to molecular orbital and crystal field theories.
Prerequisites: Chemistry 1051 (or 1001 or 1031), Mathematics 1000.
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

2300. Introductory Physical Chemistry (F) and (W). Introductory chemical thermodynamics and equilibria. Complementary laboratory work with an emphasis on quantitative analysis.
Prerequisites: Chemistry 1051 (or 1001 or 1031), Mathematics 1001, Physics 1051 or 1021.
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

2400. Introductory Organic Chemistry I (F). Bonding involving carbon; conformations and sterochemistry; introduction to functional groups and nomenclature; properties, syntheses and reactions of hydrocarbons, alkyl halides and alcohols.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 1051 or 1031; or Chemistry 1010 and 1011 with a grade of at least 80% in each; or Chemistry 1011 with a grade of at least 85%; or Chemistry 1001 with a grade of at least 65%.
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.
NOTE: Credit will not be given for more than one of Chemistry 2400, 2420, 2440 and 240A/B.

2401. Introductory Organic Chemistry II (W). An introduction to the interpretation of infrared, 1H and 13C NMR spectra; properties, syntheses and reactions of ethers, simple aromatic compounds, ketones, aldehydes, amines, carboxylic acids and their derivatives; aldol and related reactions.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 2400.
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.
NOTE: Credit will not be given for more than one of Chemistry 2401, 2420, 2440, and 240A/B.

2440. Organic Chemistry for Biologists (F) & (W). An introduction to the principles of organic chemistry with an emphasis on material relevant to biological molecules. The laboratory will introduce techniques and illustrate concepts covered in the course.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 1011 (or 1001 or 1051).
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.
NOTE: This course is designed primarily for Biology Majors. It may not be used for credit by Chemistry or Biochemistry Majors and may not serve as a prerequisite for any other Chemistry course. Credit may be obtained for only one of Chemistry 2400, 2420, 2440, 240A/B.

3100. Analytical Chemistry I (F) and (W). Treatment of data, gravimetric analysis, volumetric analysis including oxidation-reduction titrations using electrochemical techniques, the use of specific ion electrodes, and titrations in non-aqueous systems. Spectrophotometric trace analysis and titration.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 2300.
Lectures and Laboratories: Not more than seven hours per week.

3211. Inorganic Chemistry (W). A detailed examination of the structure, bonding, and chemistry of the d block elements.
Prerequisites: Chemistry 2210 and 2300.
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

3300. Physical Chemistry I (F). The laws of thermodynamics, calorimetry, thermochemistry, equilibrium constants. Introduction to thermodynamics of non-ideal gases. Topics will include partial molal quantities, phase equilibria, thermodynamics of solutions, activity coefficients of non-electrolytes, the Gibbs-Duhem equation.
Prerequisites: Chemistry 2300, Mathematics 2000, Physics 1051 and 2820. Physics 2820 may be taken concurrently with Chemistry 3300.
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

3301. Physical Chemistry II (W). Electrical conductivity of solutions, electrochemical cells, equilibrium constants of weak electrolytes, activity coefficients of electrolytes. Elementary theoretical chemistry, introduction to quantum mechanics, statistical interpretation of thermodynamic functions of ideal gases, and kinetic theory of gases. Chemical kinetics including relaxation techniques and mass transport phenomena.
Prerequisites: Chemistry 3300 and Applied Mathematics 3260.
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

3410. Bio-organic Chemistry (F). A study of the major classes of biomolecules, their structure, function, and in vitro chemistry. An introduction to natural products. Synthetic polymers compared to biopolymers. Heteroaromatic molecules and derived biomolecules.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 2401. It is recommended that Chemistry 3500 be taken concurrently.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.
NOTE: Students may obtain credit for only one of Chemistry 3410 and the former Chemistry 3401.

3411. Synthetic Organic Chemistry I (W). A survey of some important reactions used in organic synthesis, including pericyclic reactions and those based on carbocation, carbene, nitrene and carbanion intermediates. Emphasis is placed on multifunctional compounds.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 3410, or all of Chemistry 2401, Biochemistry 2100 and Biochemistry 2101.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.
NOTE: Students may obtain credit for only one of Chemistry 3411 and the former Chemistry 3400.

3500. Spectroscopic Analysis: Spectroscopy and Structure (F). Application of spectroscopic methods to the determination of molecular structure. Emphasis will be placed on electronic, vibrational and rotational spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and mass spectrometry.
Prerequisites: Chemistry 2210, 2300, 2401. Physics 2750 is strongly recommended.
Lectures and Laboratory: Not more than six hours per week.

3600. Marine Chemistry (W). - inactive course.

4110. Analytical Chemistry II (F). Error treatment, atomic emission and absorption spectroscopy, chromatographic and other separation techniques, electroanalytical chemistry, mass spectrometry, x-ray spectroscopy, ion and electron spectroscopy.
Prerequisites: Chemistry 3100 and 3300. Chemistry 3300 may be taken concurrently with Chemistry 4110.
Lectures and Laboratories: Not more than six hours per week.
NOTE: Students may obtain credit for only one of Chemistry 4110 and the former Chemistry 4100 and for only one of Chemistry 4110 and the former Chemistry 4101.

4150. Advanced Spectrometric Techniques. - inactive course.

4151. Analytical Separations and Organic Mass Spectrometry. Advances in the traditional chromatographic techniques, the development of new analytical tools in separation science, the interfacing of mass spectrometers to chromatographic instruments, and other mass spectrometric techniques.
Prerequisites: Chemistry 4110, which may be taken concurrently (or Chemistry 4100 or Chemistry 4101)
Lectures and Laboratories: Not more than six hours per week.

4152. Electroanalytical Techniques. The principles and theory of dynamic electrochemistry, voltammetry, stripping analysis, electro-chemical sensors and detectors.
Prerequisites: Chemistry 4110, which may be taken concurrently (or Chemistry 4100 or Chemistry 4101).
Lectures and Laboratories: Not more than six hours per week.

4201. Coordination Chemistry in Biological Molecules - Structural, Mechanistic and Magnetic Studies. The role of certain transition elements e.g. iron, copper, cobalt, and zinc, in proteins and enzymes will be discussed in terms of structural features, the natural ligands, magnetic properties, mechanisms, etc., and reinforced with examples of 'model compounds'. Magnetic theory, in particular for polynuclear transition metal complexes, will also be developed.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 3211.
Lectures: Three per week.

4202. Selected Topics in Main Group Chemistry. - inactive course.

4203. Organometallic Chemistry. - inactive course.

4204. Inorganic Reaction Mechanisms and Catalysis. A survey of inorganic and organometallic reactions, their mechanisms and kinetic characteristics. In addition, stereochemical non-rigidity, reactions of coordinated ligands and homogeneous catalysis are discussed.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 3211.
Lectures: Three per week.

4205. Photochemistry of Transition Metal Complexes. An introduction to the thory of electronic excited states in transition metal complexes. Applications to artificial photosynthesis, photodynamic therapy, molecular photovoltaics and molecular electronics.
Prerequisites: Chemistry 3211 and 3301 (which may be taken concurrently).
Lectures: 3 hours per week.

4300. Advanced Physical Chemistry I: Quantum Mechanics and Spectroscopy (F).Solutions of the Schrodinger wave equation by means of second order differential equations and operator and matrix methods. Electronic spectra of atoms, and the rotational, vibrational and electronic spectra of diatomic and triatomic molecules. Chemical bonding.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 3301.
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

4302. Statistical Thermodynamic (W). Probability theory, ensembles, quantum statistical thermodynamics of ideal gases, perfect crystals, metals and radiation. Semiclassical statistical thermodynamics, distribution functions, dense gases and liquids.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 4300.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week
NOTE: Students may obtain credit for only one of the former Chemistry 4301 and Chemistry 4302.

4350. Advanced Physical Chemistry III: Selected Topics in Physical Chemistry (W). - inactive course.

4411. Topics in Medicinal Chemistry. - inactive course.

4420. Physical Organic Chemistry (F). An introduction to the quantitative and qualitative theories of reactions and reactivity and their application to organic reaction mechanisms and to mechanism elucidation.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 3301, and 3401 or 3411. Chemistry 3500 is strongly recommended.
NOTE: Students may obtain credit for only one of Chemistry 4420 and the former Chemistry 4400 and for only one of Chemistry 4420 and the former Chemistry 4401.

4430. Synthetic Organic Chemistry II (W). Modern synthetic methods with particular attention placed on the synthesis of enantiomerically enriched compounds and newer methods for the formation of carbon-carbon bonds. Designing syntheses of complex organic molecules.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 3401 or 3411. Chemistry 4420 is strongly recommended.
NOTE: Students may obtain credit for only one of Chemistry 4430 and the former Chemistry 4410.

490A/B. Honours Thesis.


COMPUTER SCIENCE

Faculty Listing

Programs and Regulations

Course Descriptions


COMPUTER SCIENCE PROGRAMS AND REGULATIONS

The following undergraduate programs are available in the Department:

a) Major in Computer Science
b) Honours in Computer Science
c) Honours in Computer Science (Software Engineering)(B.Sc. only)
d) Computer Internship Option (CIIO) (B.Sc. and B.Sc. Honours only)
e) Minor in Computer Science
f) Applied Mathematics/Computer Science Joint Major (B.Sc. only).
g) Computer Science/Statistics Joint Major (B.Sc. only)
h) Computer Science/Pure Mathematics Joint Major (B.Sc. only)
i) Computer Science/Geography (Cartography option) Joint Major (B.Sc. only)
j) Computer Science/Physics Joint Major
k) Computer Science/Pure Mathematics Joint Honours (B.Sc. only)
l) Computer Science/Statistics Joint Honours
m) Computer Science/Geography (Cartography option) Joint Honours (B.Sc. only)
n) Computer Science/Physics Joint Honours.
o) Joint Degree of Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Commerce (Co-operative)
p) Computer Science/Economics Joint Major (B.Sc. Only)

Details of our joint program offerings in the Faculties of Arts, Science, and Business Administration may be found under the heading JOINT PROGRAMS following the heading REGULATIONS FOR THE HONOURS DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE.

MAJOR IN COMPUTER SCIENCE

1) Forty-five credit hours in Computer Science courses are required for a major in Computer Science:

a) Computer Science 1710, 2710, 2711, 2742, 2760, 3715, 3716, 3719, 3724, 3725, 3754, and 4770.
b) At least 6 additional credit hours at the 4000-level in Computer Science courses.
c) Three additional credit hours in Computer Science courses at the 3000 level or beyond.

2) Additional courses required of the Majors are: Mathematics 2000, 2050, Statistics 2510, and PM 2320.

NOTE: Students are encouraged to take Business 2000, Mathematics 3000, and Statistics 2560.

HONOURS IN COMPUTER SCIENCE

1) See General Regulations for the Honours Degree (B.A. or B.Sc. as appropriate).

2) Sixty-three credit hours in Computer Science courses are required for the Honours Degree in Computer Science, including:

a) Computer Science 1710, 2710, 2711, 2742, 2760, 3715, 3716, 3719, 3724, 3725, 3754, 4770, and 4780.
b) Eighteen additional credit hours in Computer Science at the 4000 level.
c) Six additional credit hours in Computer Science courses at the 3000 level or beyond.

3) Additional courses required of the Majors are: Mathematics 2000, 2050, Statistics 2510, and PM 2320.

NOTE: Students are encouraged to take Business 2000, Mathematics 3000, and Statistics 2560.

HONOURS IN COMPUTER SCIENCE (SOFTWARE ENGINEERING) (B.Sc. ONLY)

Completion of the Honours in Computer Science (Software Engineering) Program does not qualify persons to hold the designation "Professional Engineer" as defined by various Provincial Acts governing the Engineering Profession.

1) See General regulations for the Honours Degree (B.Sc.).

2) Sixty-three credit hours in Computer Science courses are required for the Honours Degree in Computer Science (Software Engineering), including:

a) Computer Science 1710, 2710, 2711, 2742, 2760, 3715, 3716, 3718, 3719, 3724, 3725, 3754, 4716, 4719, 4759, 4770, and 4780.
b) Nine additional credit hours in Computer Science courses at the 4000 level.
c) Three additional credit hours in Computer Science courses at the 3000 level or beyond.

3) Additional courses required of the Majors are: Mathematics 2000, 2050, Statistics 2510, and  PM 2320.

NOTE: The Honours project (4780) must be in the area of Software Engineering.

COMPUTER INDUSTRY INTERNSHIP OPTION (CIIO):

The CIIO provides an opportunity for qualified students to obtain rewarding jobs in computer industries for several months of continuous duration, and, at the same time, to gain practical skills in an employment situation during their course of studies.

The CIIO is available to Computer Science Majors (B.Sc. and B.Sc. Honours only).

Application requirement:

a) Applicants must have successfully completed at least CS1710, CS2710, CS2711, CS2742, CS2760, CS3715, CS3719 and CS3724.

b) Applications for the internship will not be considered if all computer science courses required for the CS major/honours degree will have been completed prior to the beginning of the internship.

c) Admission to the CIIO is subject to academic performance.

Internship duration:

Subject to the availability of job openings, a student may choose either an 8, 12 or 16 consecutive month internship period.

Internship placement:

A competition for internship employment is organized by the Department Co-ordinator (hereafter referred to as Co-ordinator).

A student who has applied to the internship program gives permission to the Co-ordinator to supply prospective employers with copies of his/her resume.

A student who has been accepted to the CIIO may obtain his/her own internship placement outside the competition. Such jobs must be confirmed by the employer, and must be subject to the approval of the Co-ordinator and the Head of the Department of Computer Science.

A student who withdraws from an internship program, after a placement, without any reason of grievance, will not be accepted in the internship program again in the future.

Students are not permitted to drop internship periods without prior approval from the Co-ordinator and the Head of the Department of Computer Science. Students who drop an internship period without permission, or who fail to honour an agreement to work with an employer, or who conduct themselves in such a manner as to cause their discharge from the job, will normally be awarded a fail grade for that internship period.

NOTE: Students should also refer to the GENERAL ACADEMIC REGULATIONS (UNDERGRADUATE).

Expectation of work

The student is expected to submit, within a month from starting his/her internship, a plan of the intended work for the internship period. The student is also required to submit a progress report due in the last week of each semester. The plan of intended work and progress reports are to be submitted to the Coordinator.

At the end of the internship period, the student is required to submit a final report which will include the description of the project, the objectives, the goals, and the duties of the intern; it would also include a history of the intern’s activities and accomplishments. The final report is to be submitted to the Coordinator by the first day of examinations.

Registration, Assessment of Performance, and Assignment of Grades

Students must register for the course CS3700 every semester during their internship.

CS3700 is a non-credit course open only to students who have been accepted into the Internship Program.

Student performance evaluations are to be completed by the employer and returned to the Co-ordinator. Evaluations are requested every four months. In the evaluation form, the intern also can include his/her comments.

The overall assessment of work performed during the entire internship period is the responsibility of the Co-ordinator, and will be done based upon input from the employer and the final report submitted by the intern.

Assessment of performance will result in the assignment of one of the following grades in the final semester of internship:

a) Pass with Distinction: Indicates EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE in both the work report and work performance.

b) Pass: Indicates that PERFORMANCE MEETS EXPECTATIONS in both the work report and the work performance.

Fail: Indicates FAILING PERFORMANCE in the work report or the work performance.

Also, the following will be noted in the transcript of the intern:

Requirements for the Computer Industry Internship Option have been completed. Internship Duration: - months.

A grade of NC (No Credit) for CS3700 will be awarded in all semesters of the Internship Option prior to the final semester.

CIIO and Honours Program:

In case a student is enrolled in both the Honours program and the CIIO, the requirements of both must be met. Upon approval from the honours project supervisor, within the Department, the employer and the head of the Department of Computer Science, an internship project may be submitted as a component of an honours project. These arrangements must be made within the first semester of the Internship placement.

MINOR IN COMPUTER SCIENCE

1) For a Minor in Computer Science, a student must complete at least 24 credit hours in Computer Science courses, including: Computer Science 1710, 2710, 2711, 2742, 2760.

2) The remaining 9 credit hours in Computer Science courses must be at the 3000 level or above.

COURSE NUMBERING SCHEME

There are five areas of Computer Science offered in the 3000- and 4000-level courses. The meaning of the third digit of a course number is as follows:

1- Programming Languages
2- Computer Systems
3- Numerical Computations
4- Theoretical Aspects
5,6- Applications (e.g. Artificial Intelligence, Computer Graphics, Data Base, Robotics, Computational Geometry, Image Processing, Computer Networking, Computer Aided Design)
7 - Project Course
8- Honours Project
9- Directed Readings

SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS

Supplementary examiniatons will be allowed in certain Computer Science courses which have written examiniations. Students should refer to the Faculty of Science degree regulations for details.

FACULTY ADVISORS

The Department has an Undergraduate Advisor for Computer Science majors to consult with on academic matters.

UNDERGRADUATE HANDBOOK

Additional information about the undergraduate Computer Science programs and courses can be found in the Computer Science Undergraduate Handbook available from the General Office, Department of Computer Science.


COMPUTER SCIENCE COURSE LIST

In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, the course descriptions for courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Department.

FIRST YEAR COURSES

1600. Basic Computing and Information Technology (F) & (W). This course offers an overview of computers and information technology. It provides students with the knowledge necessary to answer questions, such as: What is a computer system? How does it work? How is it used? This is done through the use of popular spreadsheet, word processing and database software packages and the Internet. Social issues and implications will also be included.
Prerequisite: Level III Advanced Mathematics or Mathematics 1090, which can be taken concurrently.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.
NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of Computer Science 1600, Computer Science 2650 or Computer Science 2801.

1700. Introduction to Computer Science (F) & (W). This course lays the foundation for the art and the science of computing. The course contains fundamental and topical issues in computers, languages, programming and applications. This course is designed for potential Computer Science majors without a background in programming, but is also available for non majors.
Prerequisite/Co-requisite: Mathematics 1090 (or equivalent), or Mathematics 1000.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

1710. Object-Oriented Programming I (F) & (W). An introduction to fundamental programming techniques, primitive data types and operations, program control structures and the use of objects, classes and methods.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 1090 (or equivalent), or Mathematics 1000, which can be taken concurrently.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.
NOTE: Students who have previously completed Computer Science 2710 will not be permitted to register or receive credit for Computer Science 1710.

SECOND YEAR COURSES

2602. Computer Programming in FORTRAN (F) & (W). Introduction to computers and their use; and the FORTRAN programming language and its application to the computer solution of numeric and non-numeric problems.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 1000.
NOTE: Students who have received credit for the former Computer Science 2600, or the former 2601, or the former 2800 cannot receive credit for Computer Science 2602.

2650. Introduction to Computing and Information Technology (F) & (W). This course provides a broad overview of hardware and software components of computer systems, their structure, and principles of operation. The topics include algorithmic problem solving, visual programming, operating system services, computer networks, elements of artificial intelligence and societal issues. In addition to three one-hour lectures, there will be three hours per week of structured laboratory sessions. Internet and microcomputer software tools in the Windows environment are introduced.
Prerequisite: Level III Advanced Mathematics, Mathematics 1090 or Mathematics 1000 which can be taken concurrently.
NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of Computer Science 1600, Computer Science 2650 or Computer Science 2801.

2710. Object-Oriented Programming II (F) & (W). Continuing from Object-Oriented Programming I, this course studies object-oriented and event-driven programming. Additional topics include: recursion, basic analysis of algorithms, fundamental data structures such as simple linked structures and stacks, and fundamental computing algorithms such as binary search and quadratic time sorting. A brief overview of programming languages, virtual machines and language translations is also provided.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.
Prerequisite: Computer Science 1710.

2711. Introduction to Algorithms and Data Structures (F) & (W). This course includes the study of standard ways of organizing and manipulating data in computer storage. Fundamental concepts in the design and analysis of algorithms are also discussed.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.
Prerequisite: Computer Science 2710.
NOTE: It is recommended that students complete Computer Science 2742 prior to registering for Computer Science 2711.

2742. Logic for Computer Science (F) & (W). This course is an introduction to propositional and predicate logic with applications. The use of the system of boolean logic in reasoning and circuit design, as well as basic proof techniques and the resolution principle, for both propositional and predicate logic, will be covered. Concepts involving sets will be used to illustrate different types of proof techniques. The probable intractability of boolean logic and Goedel’s incompleteness theorem will be presented.
Prerequisite: Computer Science 1710.

2752. Introduction to Business Data Processing (F).
- inactive course.

2760. Encountering the Computer: Society and the Individual (F) & (W). This course examines social, ethical, legal and cultural issues surrounding the use of computers in modern society. These broader social issues are followed by an examination of the use of social and individual psychology in user interface design. Students will be expected to demonstrate an understanding of these issues both directly (through verbal and written discourse) and practically, as applied to the creation of actual software artifacts.
Prerequisites: Two 1000-level English courses, or equivalent.
Co-requisite: Computer Science 2710.

2801. Introductory Computing for Business (F) & (W). This course introduces students to computer applications in business, document processing, application development, decision support, and information management. A three hour laboratory is required.
Prerequisite: Level III Advanced Mathematics, Mathematics 1090 or Mathematics 1000 which can be taken concurrently.
NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of Computer Science 1600, Computer Science 2650 or Computer Science 2801.

THIRD YEAR COURSES

3700. Industrial Experience (F) & (W). Students who are admitted to CIIO are required to register for this non-credit course every semester during their internship. This course is open only to students who have been accepted into the Internship Program and provides an opportunity for qualified students to obtain rewarding job experience of 8, 12 or 16 months of continuous duration, during the course of their studies.
Prerequisite: Admission to the Computer Industry Internship Option (CIIO).

3710. Vocational Languages (W). Study of several programming languages of vocational significance (e.g. a selection from C, C++, Prolog, Perl, Python and LISP). The use of appropriate programming paradigms to solve some significant problems.
Prerequisite: Computer Science 2711.

3711. Algorithms and Complexity (F) & (W). This course introduces the most common and effective algorithm design techniques (e.g. divide and conquer, dynamic programming, greedy algorithms). The theory of NP - completeness is also discussed. Examples will be drawn from various fields such as graph theory and string matching
Prerequisite: Computer Science 2711 and 2741.
To be offered for the last time in Fall 2005.
NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both Computer Science 3711 and Computer Science 3719.

3714. Programming Languages and their Processors (F) & (W). This course reviews typical elements of (imperative) programming languages, and then discusses language implementations in the form of compilers and interpreters. The topics include specification of syntax and semantics of programming languages, discussion of expressions and assignments, side effects, control structures, data and procedural abstractions, parameter passing mechanisms, bindings, scopes, and type systems. The recursive-descent technique is used for illustrations of different aspects of syntax analysis, code generation and error recovery. Language interpreters are discussed for both low-level and high-level languages.
Prerequisites: Computer Science 3719 and 3724.

3715. Network Computing with WEB Applications (F) & (W). The course studies how distributed applications (e.g., client/server Web applications) are constructed using the Internet. Topics covered include: the socket interface for network communication, client/server applications, browser scripting using Javascript, content generation for web applications (e.g., jsp, php), html/css documents, and the use of cryptography to handle security.
Prerequisite: Computer Science 2711.

3716. Software Methodology (F) & (W). Software is developed by gathering the requirements of the software program, analyzing the requirements to create a development model, and creating the software and documents for the software product. This course studies techniques for all three software development activities.
Prerequisite: Computer Science 2711.

3717. Symbolic Computation and Recursion (W). An exposure to symbolic computation with emphasis on recursive programming techniques using the programming language, SCHEME.
Prerequisites/Co-requisites: Computer Science 2711 and 2742.

3718. Programming in the Small (F). The main objective of this course is to demonstrate the tools and techniques used in the construction of small software systems. The software tools and techniques to be covered include analysis and design of software components, software construction tools (e.g. linkers, builders, debuggers), software library use and design, and system integration.
Prerequisites: Computer Science 2711 and Pure Mathematics 2320.

3719. Algorithms and Complexity (F) & (W). This course includes (1) advanced algorithm design strategies based on complex data structures and non-standard (parallel / distributed / randomized / approximate) models of computation and (2) analysis techniques for proving polynomial-time intractability and general uncomputability. The latter involves an introduction to abstract models of computation via the formal languages, grammars, and automata of the Chomsky Hierarchy.
Prerequisites: Computer Science 2711 and Pure Mathematics 2320.
To be offered for the first time in Winter 2006.
NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both Computer Science 3711 and Computer Science 3719.

3723. Logic Design (F). - inactive course.

3724. Computer Organization (F) & (W). All computers are machines that operate by repeatedly fetching and executing instructions from memory. Computer organization can be studied at the digital logic implementation level, the instruction set architecture level, and the translation of programming languages to the underlying machine instruction level. This course studies computer organization at these levels.
Prerequisites: Computer Science 2711 and Computer Science 2742.
Co-requisite: Pure Mathematics 2320.

3725. Computer Architecture and Operating Systems (F) & (W). System design and the architectural implementations of these designs are covered in this course. The objective is to develop the basic concepts of processor design, memory management, operating systems, and I/O devices and their interactions.
Prerequisite: Computer Science 3724.

3731 Numerical Methods (W). The development of algorithms for the numerical solution of mathematical problems and the study of the numerical stability of these algorithms are the main objectives of this course. The efficiency of these algorithms with respect to speed and storage requirements is considered as well. Emphasis is also placed on the study of the sensitivity of selected problems to perturbations in the data. There is also a brief introduction to the development of numerical algorithms that take advantage of advanced computer architectures, such as pipeline processors, array processors and parallel processors.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 2000, and one Computer Science 2602 or 2710.
NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both Computer Science 3731 and Applied Mathematics 3132.

3740. Abstract Machines, Languages and Computations (F) & (W). This course provides an introduction to formal languages, formal grammars and computations. The topics include regular languages, regular expressions, deterministic and nondeterministic finite automata, formal grammars, Chomsky hierarchy, context-free grammars and languages, ambiguity, pushdown automata, Turing machines, recursive and recursively enumerable languages, Church-Turing thesis, and the concept of algorithm, universal Turing machines, decidability, reducibility.
Prerequisites: Computer Science 2711 and Pure Mathematics 2320.

3751. Computational Aspects of Operations Research (W). - inactive course.

3753. Computational Aspects of Linear Programming (F). An introduction to the Linear Programming Problem (LPP). The emphasis is placed upon developing the most recent and numerically reliable algorithms for the solution of the Linear Programming Problem. The numerical stability of these algorithms will be examined as well. Geometric understanding of the LPP. Simplex method for the LPP. Sparse matrix LPP. Duality and postoptimality analysis. Extensions to the simplex algorithm. Principles of interior algorithms for the LPP.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 2050, and one of Computer Science 2602 or 2710.

3754. Introduction to Information and Intelligent Systems (F) & (W). This course introduces students to application areas that are away from usual number-based and text-based processing. Students will learn the basic concepts and become aware of the historical developments and social and ethical issues related to the application areas such as intelligent systems and information management. This exposure will help students to become knowledgeable about managing large volumes of data and dealing with problems that are well defined but whose algorithmic solutions are not feasible or problems that are fuzzily defined.
Prerequisites: Computer Science 2711 and Computer Science 2742.

3790. Directed Readings. - inactive course.

FOURTH YEAR COURSES

4711. Structure of Programming Languages (F). Programming language design considerations; syntactic and semantic structure; survey of typical features and operations; analysis of facilities for control and data structuring; language extensibility; execution models; formal specification of programming languages.
Prerequisite: Computer Science 3714.

4712. Compiler Construction (W). - inactive course.

4715 and 4717. Special Topics in Programming Languages.

4716. Software System Design and Implementation (W). This course studies the methodology of developing well-engineered large-scale software systems. It introduces the principal paradigms of software design and implementation and provides hands-on practice of software engineering concepts and object-oriented techniques (with CASE tools) in project team environments.
Prerequisite: Computer Science 3716.

4718. Software Methodology (F) & (W). This course introduces methods and tools for developing, managing, and maintaining large-scale software systems. The life-cycle of software development is covered with special emphasis. The topics discussed include development models and environments, project management, requirement engineering, design and programming techniques, software validation, maintenance, and re-engineering.
Prerequisites: Computer Science 3719. Students are encouraged to take Computer Science 3718 prior to doing this course.

4719. Software Specification (F). The primary emphasis in this course is on the mathematical specification of software in Z. Z is a mathematical notation based on sets, functions, and relations, using schemas to place logical constraints on sets of values. The basic of Z notation and schema calculus will be presented, followed by examples of the use of Z. In addition, some elementary features of a pure functional programming language will be presented to further support the advantages of a mathematical treatment of software.
Prerequisites: Computer Science 3716 and 3719.

4721. Operating Systems Principles (F) & (W). This course provides an introduction to the main concepts and techniques used in operating systems. The topics include history of operating systems, structures of operating systems, process management, process coordination, deadlocks, memory management, secondary storage management, file management, security and protection issues, elements of distributed operating systems, and selected case studies.
Prerequisite: Computer Science 3725.

4723. Introduction to Microprocessors (F). The architecture and instruction sets for several microprocessors are examined. The use of microprocessors as device controllers; comparisons of hardware and programed techniques; microprocessor interfacing with external devices; methods of I/O; bus structures; modern microprocessor support devices are discussed.
Prerequisite: Computer Science 3724.
Lecture: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Minimum of three hours per week. Practical experience with basic principles will be obtained through laboratory experience.

4725. Introduction to LSI Design (W). - inactive course.

4726-4729. Special Topics in Computer Systems.

4734. Matrix Computations and Applications (W). An introduction to linear algebra; solution to linear systems; scaling, improving and estimating accuracy; the linear least squares problem; the eigenvalue problem; singular value decomposition of a matrix; the generalized eigenvalue problem.
Prerequisite: Computer Science 3731.

4735. Advanced Matrix Computations and Applications (F). - inactive course.

4736-4739. Special Topics in Numerical Computations.

4741. Theory of Abstract Automata and Formal Languages (W). This course covers more advanced topics of abstract automata, formal grammars and languages. They include timed and stochastic automata, probabilistic grammars, tree automata and languages, cellular automata, matrix grammars, controlled rewriting systems, and L-systems. Applications in computer graphics, visualization and digital images, and modeling of systems are used as illustrations of the formalisms.
Prerequisite: Computer Science 3740.

4742. Computational Complexity (F). This course is an in-depth discussion of computational complexity theory. Topics covered in the course include: models of computation (for both serial and parallel computations); complexity measures; reducibility; complexity classes (NP, PSPACE, NC, LOGSPACE and P); and randomized computations.
Prerequisite: Computer Science 3719.

4745-4749 (excluding 4748). Special Topics in Theoretical Aspects.

4748. Introduction to the Science of Complexity (F). This course is an exploration of the use of computers in the simulation of complex systems. Some theories and models, such as cellular automata, artificial life, fractals, genetic algorithms, chaos, and evolution will be discussed and will be used in the modelling of “real-life” systems. The approach in this course is practical. Students have to write a number of programs of different levels of sophistication including a final project.
Prerequisite: Computer Science 3719.

4751. Computer Graphics (F). Display devices, display processors, display file compilers, display transformations, structured display files, graphical input devices, perspective, hidden line elimination, languages and graphics systems.
In addition to three one-hour lectures, there will be a minimum three hour laboratory per week, to be scheduled by the Department.
Prerequisites: Computer Science 3719 and Mathematics 2050.

4753. Introduction to Artificial Intelligence (F). Selected topics from AI programming languages; problem solving; search and heuristic search; game-playing; knowledge-based systems; pattern recognition; computer vision; natural language understanding; and machine learning.
Prerequisites: Computer Science 3719 and 3754.

4754. Data Base Systems (F). Data Base as a new approach to data processing; survey of 3 different types of data base systems: relational, hierarchical and network; security and integrity; comparison studies of some existing systems.
Prerequisites: Computer Science 3725 and 3754.

4755-4769 (excluding 4756, 4759, 4761 and 4762). Special Topics in Applications.

4756. Image Processing (W). Lectures will centre on the key analytical and algorithmic tools and concepts of digital image processing. Topics will include Transformations, Enhancement, Encoding, Data Bases, Segmentation and Description.
In addition to three one-hour lectures, there will be a three hour laboratory per week, to be scheduled by the Department.
Prerequisite: Computer Science 3719.

4759. Computer Networks (W). The operation of computer networks requires the following: a) communication between two computers, b) information transfer between two computers not directly connected, and c) services that need computer communication. This course focuses on the standard solutions and services used to fulfill the previous requirements. These include: physical transmission of signals, reliable communication based on unreliable communication channels, the routing of messages between connected computers to reach computers that are not directly connected, e-mail, file transfer, name servers, remote terminal access and the World Wide Web. Particular attention will be placed on the workings of the Internet.
Prerequisite: Computer Science 3725.

4761. Human-Computer Interaction (W). User modelling, task analysis, user-interface design, environments and toolkits, prototyping, user psychology, empirical methods, usability analysis. Representative methods, techniques, and tools are applied to the design and development of human-computer systems.
Prerequisites: Computer Science 2760 and 3719 and Statistics 2510.

4762. Introduction to Computational Molecular Biology (W). This course will give an overview of computational problems and algorithms for these problems associated with a variety of analyses of biological molecular data.
Prerequisite: Computer Science 3719.

4770. Team Project (F) & (W). The objective of this course is to develop a working prototype of a software system as a team effort. A group of students will work on a project for a team, experiencing the advantages and difficulties of team projects.
Prerequisite: Computer Science 3716.

4780. Honours Project. This course introduces computer science honours students to research activities, familiarizes them with a special problem in computer science, and provides independent study on an advanced topic under the direct supervision of a member of the computer science faculty. The topic is decided in consultation with the supervisor. The student is required to produce a written report on the project, to include the literature search on the topic, and to present this work at a departmental seminar prior to the last week of the semester.
Prerequisite: Consent of the Head of Department.
NOTE: This course is only available to students who have been accepted into the honours program.


EARTH SCIENCES

Faculty Listing

Programs and Regulations

Course Descriptions


EARTH SCIENCES PROGRAMS AND REGULATIONS

The following undergraduate programs are available:

120 credit hour programs
- Honours or General degrees in Earth Sciences
- Joint Honours in Earth Sciences/Physics
- Joint Honours in Geography/Earth Sciences
- Joint Honours in Geophysics/Physical Oceanography
- Joint Major in Earth Sciences/Physics

135 credit hour programs
- Joint Honours in Biology and Earth Sciences
- Joint Honours in Earth Sciences/Chemistry

24 credit hour program
- Minor in Earth Sciences

Although Honours programs can be completed in 120 credit hours, students who do not select the prescribed common block of required courses will normally need more than 120 credit hours to satisfy degree requirements.

Details of joint programs are given after the Faculty of Science Honours B.Sc. regulations.

UNDERGRADUATE HANDBOOK

Additional information about the undergraduate program, individual courses and suggested timetables can be found in the Department of Earth Sciences Undergraduate Handbook which is available on the web at www.esd.mun.ca.

ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS

In order to be formally admitted to major programs in Earth Sciences, students must have successfully completed 3 first-year credit hours in each of the following departments: English, Mathematics, Earth Sciences, Chemistry and Physics; these courses must be selected from the list of required courses for degree programs in Earth Sciences. Students are encouraged to declare their major in their first year of study at the university.

Most of the 2000 level Earth Sciences courses that are required for major and minor programs in Earth Sciences have Physics and Chemistry prerequisites, and students are advised to complete these prerequisites in their first year of study. 

Students will not normally be permitted entry to 3000-level (or above) Earth Sciences courses without having completed all 1000 level courses listed in the COMMON BLOCK OF REQUIRED COURSES specified in point a) in the 'Major Programs in Earth Sciences'.

MINOR IN EARTH SCIENCES

A Minor in Earth Sciences will consist of the following:

a) Earth Sciences 1000, 1002, 2030, 2031, 2401 or 2702.

b) Nine credit hours chosen from Earth Sciences courses at the 2000 level or higher with at least 3 credit hours from courses at the 3000 level or higher. Credit hours from Earth Sciences 2150, 2311, 2914, 2915, 2916, 4310 and 4950 cannot be used to fulfil this requirement.

Several of the courses at 3000 level or higher have Earth Sciences 2502 and 2905 as co- or prerequisites.

MAJOR PROGRAMS IN EARTH SCIENCES

Programs in Earth Sciences consist of a common block of required courses (below), and additional courses that depend on the degree being sought.

COMMON BLOCK OF REQUIRED COURSES

All majors in Earth Sciences must complete those courses specified in points (a) through (d). Students should examine prerequisites of 3000-level courses in order to decide which course to select under points (c) and (d).

a) English 1080 and 1110 (or equivalent), Mathematics 1000 and 1001, Earth Sciences 1000 and 1002, one of Chemistry 1010 or 1050 (or equivalent) and one of Chemistry 1011 or 1051 (or equivalent), Physics 1050 and 1051 or Physics 1020* and 1021*.

*Students who intend or are required to complete higher level Physics courses must complete Physics 1051 as well, since it is a prerequisite for higher level Physics courses. Students should review the Department of Physics calendar entry for these courses. Students will receive credit for only two first year Physics courses if they take Physics 1020, 1021 and 1051.

b) Earth Sciences 2030, 2031, 2401, 2502, 2702, 2905.

c) Mathematics 2000 or Statistics 2510.

d) Biology 2120 (or Biology 1001 and 1002), or Physics 2055.

Students must ensure that the prerequisites for Earth Sciences courses are fulfilled. Great difficulties in timetabling may be encountered if the required first-year courses are not completed before the beginning of second year.

HONOURS B.SC. DEGREE IN EARTH SCIENCES

Geoscientific careers vary widely in required background. The Honours B.Sc. program is designed with considerable choice in order that students may personalize their programs based on career goals. Note that the flexibility afforded by this program is not without limits. Some courses have prerequisites, and it is ultimately the student's responsibility to ensure that these prerequisites are satisfied. Students should consult faculty members and the departmental Student Handbook for guidance in selecting courses appropriate to particular career paths.

In addition to the COMMON BLOCK OF REQUIRED COURSES listed under MAJOR PROGRAMS IN EARTH SCIENCES, the following requirements must be completed to qualify for the Honours B.Sc. degree in Earth Sciences:

a) Earth Sciences 499A and 499B.

b) At least 31 additional credit hours from Earth Sciences courses at 3000 and/or 4000 levels with a minimum of 12 credit hours from courses at the 4000 level. Credit hours from Earth Sciences 2150, 2914, 2915, 2916, 4310 and 4950 cannot be used to fulfil this requirement.

c) Six credit hours from the Faculty of Science courses numbered 2000 or higher. Credit hours from Earth Sciences courses, Biology 3811 and the former Physics 2050 are excluded.

d) Additional credit hours selected to conform with regulations for the Honours Degree of Bachelor Science so as to achieve a total of 120 credit hours. Students are encouraged to complete a minor in another department.

GENERAL B.Sc. DEGREE IN EARTH SCIENCES

In addition to the COMMON BLOCK OF REQUIRED COURSES listed under MAJOR PROGRAMS IN EARTH SCIENCES, the following requirements must be completed to qualify for the General B.Sc. degree in Earth Sciences:

a) Twenty-one additional credit hours from Earth Sciences courses at 3000 and/or 4000 levels with a minimum of 9 credit hours from courses at 4000 level. Credit hours from Earth Sciences 2150, 2914, 2915, 2916, 4310, 4950 and 499A/B cannot be used to fulfill this requirement.

b) Six credit hours from Science Faculty courses numbered 2000 or higher. Credit hours from Earth Sciences courses, Biology 3811 and the former Physics 2050 are excluded.

c) Additional credit hours selected to conform with regulations for the General Degree of Bachelor Science so as to achieve a total of 120 credit hours. Students are encouraged to complete a minor in another department.

Students are advised that this is the minimum requirement for the General B.Sc. in Earth Sciences. Many provinces, including Newfoundland and Labrador, have legislation requiring registration of professional geoscientists. A basic requirement for registration is, in most cases, the course equivalent of an Honours B.Sc. degree. Students intending to make a career in Earth Sciences should consider taking the Honours Degree program of courses, regardless of whether honours standing is maintained.

TABLE OF CREDIT RESTRICTIONS FOR PRESENT EARTH SCIENCES COURSES WITH FORMER COURSES

PRESENT FORMER EQUIVALENTS
ES 1000 ES 1010, GEOL 1000, GEOL 1010
ES 1001 ES 1011, GEOL 1001, GEOL 1011
ES 2030 ES 203A, GEOL 203A
ES 2031 ES 203B, GEOL 203B
ES 2150 PHYS 2150
ES 2310 ES 2300, ES 2900, GEOL 2900
ES 2400 ES 2161, ES 2070, PHYS 2070
ES 2401 ES 3400, ES 3120, GEOL 3120
ES 2502 ES 2501, ES 3200, GEOL 3200
ES 2702 ES 3701, ES 3070, GEOL 3070
ES 2905 ES 2310, ES 2300, ES 2900, GEOL 2900
ES 2914 ES 2414, GEOL 2414
ES 2915 ES 2415, GEOL 2415
ES 3053 ES 3050, ES 3052, GEOL 3050
ES 3054 ES 2503 and ES 3053
ES 3055 ES 2503 and ES 3053
ES 3161 ES 3160, PHYS 3160
ES 3170 PHYS 3170
ES 3172 ES 3171, PHYS 3171
ES 3210 GEOL 3210
ES 3400 ES 3120, GEOL 3120
ES 3611 ES 4611
ES 3701 ES 3070, GEOL 3070
ES 3811 ES 3801, ES 2801, GEOL 2801
ES 4053 GEOL 4053
ES 4054 ES 4052, GEOL 4052
ES 4160 PHYS 4160
ES 4171 PHYS 4171
ES 4179 ES 4970, PHYS 4970
ES 4211 GEOL 4211
ES 4302 ES 4501, GEOL 4501
ES 4310 GEOL 4310
ES 4312 ES 4311, ES 4111
ES 4901 ES 4320, ES 400A, GEOL 400A
ES 4400 ES 4120, GEOL 4120
ES 4502 ES 4201, GEOL 4201
ES 4601 GEOL 4601
ES 4700 GEOL 4700
ES 4800 ES 4110, GEOL 4110
ES 499A/B ES 4991, GEOL 4991

GENERAL NOTES FOR ALL EARTH SCIENCES PROGRAMS AND COURSES

NOTES: 1) Students wishing to pursue study within the programs offered by Earth Sciences are strongly advised to keep in close contact with the Department to discuss course programs before registration in order to maintain proper sequencing.

2) Students wishing to take some Earth Sciences courses without intending to major in Earth Sciences should consult with the Head of Department (or delegate) to determine the courses most suitable to their needs and capabilities. Earth Sciences 2914, 2915, 2916 and 2150 are especially suitable for such students and have no Earth Sciences prerequisites.

3) Most courses comprise six hours of instruction per week, usually three hours of lectures or seminars and a three-hour laboratory period; however, at an advanced level other methods of instruction may be adopted.

4) Consult the notes of field courses 2905, 3905 and 4905 for additional information. These courses require payment of a participation fee to cover costs for logistics and equipment. Registration for these courses will be by application only and may be competitive.

5) The prerequisites for courses 4302, 4902 and 4903 refer to core courses in the Faculty of Science. For the purposes of these prerequisite statements, core courses are defined as those courses that are specified by each department as mandatory to fulfil the course requirements for their General or Honours programs.

6) Certain of the 4000-level courses may not be offered every year.

7) At most 6 credit hours in courses at the 1000-level can be used towards the course requirements in Earth Sciences for the Major, Minor, Joint Major, Honours or Joint Honours.

EARTH SCIENCES COURSE LIST

The first digit of each course number designates the level (year) of the course. The second digit indicates the area of Earth Sciences into which the course best fits, as follows:

Second Digit
0 - mineralogy and petrology
1 - geophysics
2 - economic geology
3 - stratigraphy and marine geology
4 - structural geology and tectonics
5 - geochemistry
6 - technical fields and petroleum geology
7 - sedimentation, geomorphology
8 - paleontology
9 - general and dissertation

In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, the course descriptions for courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Department.

FIRST YEAR

1000. Earth Systems. A survey of the structure, function and interrelations of Earth's lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere. Topics include an exploration of the physical and chemical properties of planetary materials, forces driving and sustaining Earth systems, and biological modifiers (including humankind) on the Earth today.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratories: Three hours per week.

1001. Evolution of Earth Systems. Earth's present structure and environment, the product of 4.5 billion years of planetary evolution, are explored from the rock and fossil record. Examples, illustrated with rocks, fossils and maps, are selected from the geological history of North America, with particular emphasis on Newfoundland and Labrador.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratories: Three hours per week.
Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 1000.

1002. Concepts and Methods in Earth Sciences. Introduction to a broad range of concepts concerning the development of the geological record and the Earth; practical methods for collection of field based data; topics in map interpretation and geometric analysis, stratigraphy, paleontology, structure and petrology. The course is presented with an emphasis on the development of practical skills needed to pursue a career in Earth Sciences.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratories: Three hours per week.
Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 1000.

SECOND YEAR

2030. Mineralogy (F).  Introduction to crystallography and the structure of minerals; introduction to crystal optics; study of the rock forming minerals and minerals of economic significance. Laboratory work comprises study of the structures and symmetries of minerals, chemistry of rock forming minerals, introduction to transmitted light microscopy of rocks, hand specimen recognition of common rocks and minerals.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 1000, Chemistry 1011 (or 1051 or equivalent), Physics 1051 (or 1021 or 1054), and its Mathematics prerequisite are strongly recommended.
Co-requisite: Earth Sciences 2502.
NOTE: See credit restriction under Earth Sciences 2031.

2031. Mineralogy and Petrography (W). Topics include: petrography and classification of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks; further study of the optical and chemical properties of rock-forming minerals; applications of relevant phase equilibria of minerals. Laboratory work comprises optical mineralogy and petrography of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2030 and 2502.
NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both Earth Sciences 203A/B and one or both of Earth Sciences 2030 and 2031.

2150. The Solar System (F) (W). Basic astronomy of the Solar System, tracing the search to understand motion of the Sun, Moon and planets in the sky; modern observations of planets, moons, comets, asteroids and meteorites and what they tell us about the origin and evolution of the Solar System.
NOTE: Earth Sciences 2150 is designed for students taking Earth Sciences as an elective. Earth Sciences 2150 is not acceptable as one of the required courses for the Minor, Major or Honours programs in Earth Sciences.

2311. Geoscience Communication (W). An introduction to the fundamentals of preparation of written and oral geoscience reports, emphasizing organization, correct use of terminology, concise description, preparation of abstracts and introductions, integration of numerical data and publication-quality illustrations, and oral presentation skills. Topics for reports will be selected from the subject matter of other 2000 level Earth Sciences courses.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2905 and 6 credit hours in English.
Lectures: two hours per week.
Tutorials: three hours per week.

2400. Plate Tectonics (W). The concepts of plate dynamics and associated geological processes based on modern observations, and their application to the geological record. Laboratories will include the use of computer modelling techniques and an introduction to the relationship of physical environments of rock formation with plate tectonic setting.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 1002, Chemistry 1011 (or 1051 or equivalent), Mathematics 1000, Physics 1051 (or 1021 or 1054).
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Earth Sciences 2400 and the former Earth Sciences 2161.

2401. Structural Geology (W). Introduction to basic concepts; the physics of rock deformation, the classification and descriptive geometry of major and minor structures and their relationship to stress and strain. Laboratory work will concentrate on analysis of structural orientation data, and the analysis of structures in geological maps and cross-sections.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2905 or permission of the Head of the Department (or Delegate) for students following a minor in Earth Sciences.
NOTES: 1) Earth Sciences majors are advised to complete field course, Earth Sciences 3905, immediately following completion of this course.
2) Credit may not be obtained for both Earth Sciences 2401, and the former Geology 3120 or Earth Sciences 3120 or Earth Sciences 3400.


2502. Introduction to Geochemistry (F). This course provides an overview of both low- and high-temperature geochemistry. Topics include: origin and classification of the elements; chemical differentiation of the solar system and solid Earth; aqueous geochemistry and the stability of minerals; radiogenic and stable isotopes. Geochemical concepts are illustrated using data and processes drawn from Earth systems. The laboratory component emphasizes the development of numerical skills needed in geochemistry.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 1000, Chemistry 1011 (or 1051 or equivalent).
Co-requisite: Mathematics 1001.

2702. Sedimentology and Stratigraphy (F). A study of the origin and composition of sediments with a focus on depositional processes and resulting sedimentary structures. Study of environments of deposition and the stratigraphic framework of sedimentary successions. Laboratories involve local field trips and the study of hand samples of sedimentary rocks.
Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 1002.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Earth Sciences 2702 and the former Geology 3070 or Earth Sciences 3070 or Earth Sciences 3701.

2905. Introduction to Geological Mapping (F). A two credit hour course based on approximately 6 days of geological mapping in Precambrian rocks near St. John’s, and 2 days of in-class work preparing a digital map and written report. Emphasis is placed on the recognition and description of sedimentary and igneous rocks in the field, and techniques of geological mapping and the taking of field notes.
Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 1002.
NOTE: 1) This course will be given during a special session immediately preceding the fall semester. Entry is by application to the Head of the Department (or delegate) only.
2) Credit may not be obtained for both Earth Sciences 2905 and the former Earth Sciences 2310 or Earth Sciences 2300.


2914. The Earth’s Energy Resources: Past, Present and Future (F). (Same as former Geology 2414 and Earth Sciences 2414). A scientific analysis of the Earth’s energy resources. The history of human exploitation of them; consequences for quality of life, and political and economic power; scenarios for the future.
NOTE: Earth Sciences 2914 is designed for students taking Earth Sciences as an elective subject. This course complements traditional disciplines such as history, economics, and political science and should be of particular interest to teachers. Earth Sciences 2914 is not acceptable as one of the required courses for the Minor, Major or Honours programs in Earth Sciences.

2915. The Earth’s Material Resources: Past, Present and Future (W). (Same as former Geology 2415 and Earth Sciences 2415). A scientific analysis of the Earth’s material resources (metals, non-metals, water). The history of human exploitation of them; consequences for quality of life, and political and economic power; scenarios for the future.
NOTE: Earth Sciences 2915 is designed for students taking Earth Sciences as an elective subject. This course complements traditional disciplines such as history, economics, and political science and should be of particular interest to teachers. Earth Sciences 2915 is not acceptable as one of the required courses for the Minor, Major or Honours programs in Earth Sciences.

2916. Natural Hazards on a Dynamic Earth (W). The surface of the Earth is in a constant state of change, thereby posing risks and challenges for society. An understanding of geological processes in the past and present provides context for evaluating risks related to earthquakes, volcanic activity and mass movements, challenges related to water resources, land-use planning and waste disposal, and the background to interpret sources and consequences of climate change. The course will provide a broad perspective on contemporary issues facing society.
NOTE: Earth Sciences 2916 is designed for students taking Earth Sciences as an elective subject. This course complements traditional disciplines such as history, economics, and political science and should be of particular interest to teachers. Earth Sciences 2916 is not acceptable as one of the required courses for the Minor, Major or Honours programs in Earth Sciences.

THIRD YEAR

3030. Mineralogy and Materials Science. Review of elementary crystallography, introduction to space groups and crystal structures, bonding, properties of metals, semiconductors and insulators, crystallographic aspects of order-disorder, solid solution and mixing. Crystal growth, chemical zoning and diffusion. Phase changes in the solid state (exsolution, polymorphism and polytypism). Students will be introduced to the techniques used to study solids (X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, electron-microprobe analysis, luminescence, and computer simulation). Laboratory work will emphasize practical skills using these techniques. Examples will be chosen from among minerals, ceramics, semiconductors, metals and glass, making the course suitable for Earth Scientists, Engineers, Chemists and Physicists.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2030 or equivalent; permission of instructor.

3054. High-Temperature Geochemistry and Igneous Petrology (F). An integrated course dealing with the geochemistry, origin and classification of igneous rocks. Topics include trace element geochemistry; physical properties of magmas, physical and chemical processes in magma chambers (fractional crystallization, differentiation, assimilation and partial melting), phase equilibria and application to magmas, petrology of the mantle, and igneous rocks of specific tectonic settings (oceanic lithosphere, continental margins, continental lithosphere). Laboratories include geochemical calculations and examination of rock samples and thin sections.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2031 and 2502.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for 3054 and the combination of 3053 and the former 2503.

3055. Thermodynamics and Metamorphic Petrology (W). An integrated course dealing with the geochemistry, origin and classification of metamorphic rocks. Topics include thermodynamic background and kinetics (transfer of mass and energy in geochemical systems of the Earth’s interior, thermodynamic laws, phase equilibria, solid-solid reactions, reaction rates); metamorphic facies, field gradients, isograds and reactions; mineral assemblages and textures of common metamorphic rocks. Laboratories include thermodynamic and phase diagram problems, hand specimen and thin section studies.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2031 and 2502, Mathematics 1001.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for 3055 and the combination of 3053 and the former 2503.

3170. Exploration Geophysics I (W). Fundamentals of seismic energy transmission in the Earth; basic methods in seismic exploration - data acquisition, processing and interpretation for refraction and reflection surveys; fundamentals of gravity and magnetic data acquisition, processing and interpretation; introduction to gravity and magnetic modelling. This course has a laboratory component.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 2000 or Statistics 2510.
Prerequisite or Co-requisite: Earth Sciences 2905.

3172. Exploration Geophysics II (F). Introduction to electrical and electromagnetic methods in geophysics applied in mineral exploration, petroleum well logging and environmental studies, and examples of application of various techniques; use of data processing and modelling techniques in interpretation; introduction to radiometric methods used in mineral and petroleum exploration. This course has a laboratory component.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 2000 or Statistics 2510.
Prerequisite or Co-requisite: Earth Sciences 2905.

3179. Geophysical Analysis. Vector Calculus; curvilinear coordinates; line, surface and volume integration; integral theorems; the derivation and application of geophysically important partial differential equations - Laplace's equation to the Earth's gravity and magnetic fields, the diffusion equation to the Earth's heat flow, and the wave equation to electromagnetic and seismological phenomena; geophysical uses of Legendre functions; Fourier analysis in geophysics. This course has a laboratory component to familiarize the student with practical applications of the tools discussed.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratories: Three hours per week.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 2000, Physics 2055 and 2820.

3210. Economic Mineral Deposits (W). An introduction to the study of mineral deposits and definition of the basic physio-chemical parameters of ore deposit formation. The course involves a systematic review of genetic models for the principal types of metallic mineral deposits, and links these models to a common theme of the relationship between lithosphere-hydrosphere-biosphere interactions and metallogeny. Laboratory exercises involve examination of representative suites of samples from different types of metallic mineral deposits and provide an introduction to the use of reflected light microscopy.
Prerequisites: EITHER Earth Sciences 2031, 2502 and 2905; OR Earth Sciences 2031 and Chemistry 3211; OR Engineering 3610 and Engineering 3205.

3600. Environmental Geology (F). The application of basic concepts and fundamental principles of geochemistry in evaluating natural and human-induced change through time on the interaction of the Earth's lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere; includes the effects of contaminants on global change. Laboratory time will be used for short field- based studies and for exercises examining the effects of contaminants on global change.
Prerequisites: EITHER Earth Sciences 2502; OR Earth Sciences 1000, Chemistry 2210 and Chemistry 2300.

3611. Engineering Geology (W). Basic concepts in soil, rock and fracture mechanics; classification of soil, rock and rock masses; special topics include the engineering and environmental aspects and issues of: slope development and underground excavations in soils and rocks; the development of hydroelectric and irrigation projects; the nuclear fuel cycle; resource developments in sensitive terrains. This course includes a laboratory component.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 1001 or permission of instructor.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Earth Sciences 3611 and the former Earth Sciences 4611.

3702. Lithification, Diagenesis and Sedimentary Rock Properties. A conceptual and practical overview of the transformation of sediments into sedimentary rocks through compaction, cementation and mineral reactions, and the resultant modifications of rock composition, rock fabrics, and associated porous media characteristics (e.g. porosity). Both descriptive and analytical methods are integrated in laboratories that include carbonate and sandstone petrology (hand samples and thin sections), geological analysis of selected wireline logs, and the analysis of fluid reservoir properties.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2031, 2702 and 2905.

3811. Paleontology (W). An outline of the major changes in life forms from Archean times through the Phanerozoic to the present day, including details of invertebrate and vertebrate faunas and major floral groups; mechanisms and effects of mega- and micro-evolution in the fossil record; biology and classification of organisms and summaries of their geological significance in biostratigraphy, paleoecology and rock-building; relationships between major cycles of evolution and extinction to global processes. This course has a laboratory component.
Prerequisites: EITHER Biology 2120 (or Biology 1001 and 1002) and Earth Sciences 1002; OR Biology 2122 and 2210.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Earth Sciences 3811 and Biology 3811, or either the former Earth Sciences 3801 or Biology 3800.

3905. Field Methods in Structural Geology and Stratigraphy (W). A one credit hour course based on approximately 5 days of geological mapping in Precambrian rocks near St. John’s. Emphasis is placed on application of techniques of structural analysis. Evenings will be dedicated to data analysis and preparation of structural maps and sections.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2401 and 2905.
NOTE: This course will be given during a special session immediately following the winter semester examination period. Students are advised to complete this course immediately following Earth Sciences 2401. Entry is by application to the Head of the Department (or delegate) only.

FOURTH YEAR

NOTE: Not all Fourth Year courses may be offered every year.

4053. Petrogenesis of Igneous Rocks. This course investigates the origin of topical and important groups of igneous rocks based on experimental petrology, phase equilibria and application of geochemical tools. It further investigates the classification of igneous rocks, including the study of volcaniclastic rocks and aspects of physical volcanology. The laboratory component of the course emphasizes practical aspects of igneous petrology including geochemical characterization and use of hand-sample and field criteria.
Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 3054.

4054. Metamorphic Petrology. Relationships between metamorphism and tectonics, representation and interpretation of metamorphic mineral assemblages using compositional phase diagrams and petrogenetic grids; equilibrium thermodynamics and thermobarometry; determination of P-T-t paths. Laboratories include use of the electron microprobe to collect data for use in calculations of the conditions of formation of metamorphic assemblages, and various types of software applicable to metamorphic petrology.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2401 and 3055.

4105. High Resolution Geophysics. A senior level field based course in high resolution geophysics with an emphasis on environmental applications. Topics to be covered include Ground Probing Radar, methods in refraction seismic, high resolution magnetic surveys, microgravimetry surveys, electrical and electro-magnetic methods. This course has a laboratory component in which students conduct a series of surveys over a specific site and process and interpret the collected data.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 3170, 3172 and 3179.

4171. Exploration Geophysics III. Techniques involved in the acquisition, processing and interpretation of multichannel seismic reflection data. Introduction to elastic properties of rocks. Introduction to advanced processing and interpretation techniques as applied to qualitative and quantitative evaluation of hydrocarbon reservoir characteristics. This course has a laboratory component designed to provide hands-on experience with data processing and interpretation.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 3170 and 4179.

4173. Exploration Geophysics IV. Advanced techniques in electrical and electromagnetic exploration methods including advanced IP, airborne EM surveys, EM and IP modelling, and inversion techniques; advanced methods in gravity and magnetic field exploration techniques including 2 ½-D and 3-D modelling and inversion, map processing techniques, and excess mass determination. This course has a laboratory component.
Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 3170 or 3172; and Earth Sciences 4179.

4179. Digital Signal Processing. Introduction to the theory and basic computational techniques of digital signal processing in geophysics. Topics covered include: sampling, Fourier transformation, design and application of digital filters, deconvolution, spectral analysis, two dimensional signal processing, with emphasis on geophysical applications.
Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 3179.

4211. Economic Geology. A detailed look at the methodologies and techniques used in the study of mineral deposits and their applications in case histories. Laboratory exercises involve solving problem sets using the various types of data from selected case studies.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 3054 or 3055; and Earth Sciences 3210.

4302. Advanced Marine Geology. The geology and geophysics of ocean basins; discussion of methods of oceanic exploration, the history and development of ocean basins, interrelationships between ocean water, marine organisms, sedimentary and igneous processes.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 1001 or 1002 and completion of any 15 credit hours in core courses at the 3000 and/or 4000 levels (see General Note 5) in Biology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Earth Sciences, Physics, or Geography.

4310. Earth Science Concepts, Materials and Techniques for Archaeologists. - inactive course.

4400. Advanced Techniques in Structural Geology. Modern techniques of structural analysis applied to fold and fault systems including progressive deformation and strain analysis, fold mechanisms, fold morphology and classification, fold sections and profiles, superposed folding, fault geometry and morphology, brittle and ductile shear zones, and construction of balanced cross-sections. This course includes a laboratory component.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2401 and 3905 and a minimum of 6 credit hours in Earth Sciences at the 3000 level.

4502. Advanced Geochemistry. This course focuses primarily on the application of trace, radiogenic and stable isotope geochemistry to constrain the origin, mass balance and chemical fluxes within the Earth’s lithosphere and asthenosphere. The course permits students to complete assignments in aspects of geochemistry that reflect their career interests.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2031 and 2502 and a minimum of 6 credit hours in Earth Sciences at the 3000 level.

4503. Mineral Exploration Geochemistry. An examination of the application of geochemistry to mineral exploration, covering: the lithogeochemical characteristics of ore deposits, their host rocks, and element dispersion from them; the principles of sampling and analysis in exploration geochemistry; approaches to the statistical analysis, graphical presentation, and interpretation of survey results; and the design of effective geochemical surveys. Particular emphasis will be placed on case studies relevant to exploration in Newfoundland and Labrador. Laboratory/seminar sessions involve working with exemplary data sets, using computer-based software for statistical analysis and software for searching large databases and viewing the spatial relationships of different types of map data relevant to the mineral exploration industry.
Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 3210.

4601. Petroleum Origin and Occurrence. Study of the controls on the origin, migration, accumulation and production of petroleum resources, geological and geophysical methods of exploration, and the characterization of reservoir properties. Introduction to basic concepts of the geological interpretation of well logs. This course includes a laboratory component.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2702; and Earth Sciences 3170 or 3172.

4610. Hydrogeology. Geology and its relationship to groundwater occurrence and exploitation: basic theory, groundwater flow systems, surface-groundwater interactions and changes in water quality, field and laboratory techniques, hydrogeological aspects of waste disposal and resource development. This course includes a laboratory component.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2502 or permission of instructor.

4700. Sedimentary Environments and Facies Models. A detailed examination of recent siliciclastic sedimentary environments, their associated facies models, and application of this knowledge to understanding the origin and character of sandstone hydrocarbon reservoirs. Laboratories consist of several full-day field exercises in Proterozoic and Paleozoic rocks of the Avalon Peninsula, and core studies of reservoir facies in the Mesozoic Jeanne d’Arc Basin of the Grand Banks.
Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 2702  and a minimum of 6 credit hours in Earth Sciences at the 3000 level.
NOTE: Because of the several full-day field trips (usually on Thursday) and to avoid timetable conflicts, students are strongly advised to not take courses outside the department that have contact hours on the same day as the laboratories in this course.

4800. Advanced Paleontology. (Same as Biology 4800). A field, lecture, laboratory and seminar course dealing with selected topics in general and applied paleontology. Topics include measuring, evaluation and extinction, population paleontology, functional morphology, paleoecology, statistical methods for paleontological studies, and applications in petroleum, mining, and environmental studies.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 3811, and Statistics 2510 or Mathematics 2000.

4901. Tectonic Regimes (F). A lecture and seminar course describing the tectonic regimes of the lithosphere, with emphasis on the interactions of structure, sedimentology, igneous- metamorphic petrology and paleogeography; topics covered include stress and deformation of the lithosphere, and the evolution of passive, conservative and active margins; regional examples will stress North American geology.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2401 and 2702; and Earth Sciences 3054 or 3055.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Earth Sciences 4901 and the former Earth Sciences 4320.

4902. Early Evolution of the Earth (F). - inactive course.

4903. Global Change (W). A lecture and seminar course that studies the interaction of the atmosphere, biosphere and lithosphere; topics covered include the evolution of the biosphere, fluid circulation, global geochemical budget, global environmental changes, and chemical evolution of the hydrosphere.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 1001 or 1002, Biology 2120 or Biology 1001 and 1002 and completion of any 15 credit hours in core courses at the 3000 and/or 4000 levels (see General Note 5) in Biology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Earth Sciences, or Physics; or permission of the instructor.

4905. Field Course in Geological Mapping and Regional Tectonics (F). A two-week field school designed to allow application of techniques introduced in the third year, and to provide an introduction to the Appalachian geology of western and central Newfoundland. Reports must be submitted for grading during the fall semester. The course may be taken by others with the permission of the Head of the Department.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2401, 2702, 3055 and 3905.

4910-4920. Special Topics in Earth Sciences. Lecture and seminar courses given for undergraduates in their fourth or fifth year who wish to gain more specialized knowledge in a particular field of Earth Sciences than is possible through the standard course offerings. The Department will consider suggestions by students for Special Topics courses, but it must be borne in mind that such a course should normally be approved at least three months before the start of the semester in which it is to be taken.
Prerequisites: Permission of the Head of Department.

4950. Technical Report on Geoscience Employment. Preparation of a publication-quality technical report, about 50 pages in length, based on a study undertaken during geoscience employment. The topic and scope of the study must be approved by the Head of Department prior to its commencement. The same study cannot be used as the basis of a dissertation completed for course ES499A/B. Students will present a seminar or seminars on results of the project, and will be closely advised on proper organization and writing of scientific reports. Some directed reading will be required. This course can only be used as an "additional course" under point (c) of the regulations for General degrees, and under point (d) of the regulations for Honours degrees.
Prerequisites: Completion of 9 credit hours in Earth Sciences at 3000 level, and permission of the Head of Department.

499A & 499B. Dissertation. A six-credit hour linked course based on independent study of an approved problem in the Earth Sciences. The subject of study will be decided in consultation with Faculty Advisors and must be approved in advance by the Head of Department. The dissertation cannot be based on the same study used to obtain credit for Earth Sciences 4950. The dissertation is obligatory for Honours students, but may be taken as Science credits by General students with permission of the Head. The first semester will normally involve directed reading, supervised laboratory work, and preparation of a dissertation outline. The second semester will be devoted to data synthesis and interpretation, and to preparation of a formal written report accompanied by appropriate illustrations, to be submitted for grading no later than a formal examination period early in the university examination schedule.


GEOGRAPHY

For Departmental Regulations and Course Descriptions, see Faculty of Arts section of the Calendar.

PROGRAMS IN GEOGRAPHY

The following undergraduate programs are available in the Department:

Major in Geography (B.A. or B.Sc)
Honours in Geography (B.A. or B.Sc)
Minor in Geography
Joint Programs
Focus in Geography
Diploma in Geographic Information Sciences


MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS

Faculty Listing

Programs and Regulations

Course Descriptions


MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS PROGRAMS AND REGULATIONS

From the point of view of degree regulations, APPLIED MATHEMATICS, PURE MATHEMATICS and STATISTICS are considered to be one subject area.

The following undergraduate programs are available in the Department:

a) Major in Applied Mathematics (B.Sc. only)
b) Major in Pure Mathematics
c) Major in Statistics
d) Honours in Applied Mathematics (B.Sc. only)
e) Honours in Pure Mathematics
f) Honours in Statistics
g) Minor in Mathematics
h) Minor in Statistics
i) Pure Mathematics/Statistics Joint Honours
j) Applied Mathematics/Computer Science Joint Major (B.Sc. only)
k) Applied Mathematics/Economics Joint Major (B.Sc. only)
l) Applied Mathematics/Physics Joint Major (B.Sc. only)
m) Pure Mathematics/Computer Science Joint Major (B.Sc. only)
n) Pure Mathematics/Economics Joint Major (B.Sc. only)
o) Statistics/Computer Science Joint Major (B.Sc. only)
p) Statistics/Economics Joint Major (B.Sc. only)
q) Joint Major in Statistics and Economics (Co-operative) (B.Sc. only)
r) Applied Mathematics/Chemistry Joint Honours (B.Sc. only)
s) Applied Mathematics/Physics Joint Honours (B.Sc. only)
t) Pure Mathematics/Computer Science Joint Honours (B.Sc. only)
u) Statistics/Computer Science Joint Honours (B.Sc. only)
v) Statistics/Biology Joint Honours (B.Sc. only)

Details of programs (i) through (u) are given after the Honours B.Sc. regulations.

REGULATIONS

1) At most 9 credit hours in Mathematics will be given for courses completed from the following list subject to normal credit restrictions: M1000, M1031, M1050, M1051, M1080, M1081, M1090, M1150 and M1151.

2) At most 6 credit hours in courses below the 2000 level can be used toward the course requirements in Mathematics and Statistics for the Major, Joint Major, Honours or Joint Honours in Applied Mathematics, Pure Mathematics or Statistics.

3) In the program descriptions that follow, M1000 may be replaced by M1081.

4) Credit may be obtained for only one of Statistics 2500, 2510, 2550 and Psychology 2900. Credit may be obtained for only one of Statistics 2501, 2560 (former 2511), and Psychology 2901.

5) Students with credits in Mathematics or Statistics not listed in this Calendar must consult the department for equivalency before taking any course listed below.

6) The former Mathematics 1150 and Mathematics 1151 were courses designed specifically for students who intended to graduate with a degree in Primary or Elementary Education. No other students can receive credit for these courses. These courses are not acceptable as alternatives to any other First Year Mathematics course listed in this calendar. Students who have received credit for Education 125 or Mathematics 115/125 cannot receive additional credit for the former Mathematics 1150 or Mathematics 1151 or the current Mathematics 1050 or Mathematics 1051.

7) i) For the current academic year the Mathematics Placement Test (MPT) will be used to determine placement in the following courses: M1000, M1050, M1051 and M1090.

ii) For subsequent years, students intending to register for the first time in any course below the 2000 level, must first submit a score for one of the following:

a) An Advanced Placement Calculus Examination;

b) Other standardized tests acceptable to the Department of Mathematics and Statistics.

FACULTY ADVISORS

Each student registered in any program listed above (except for a Minor) will be assigned a FACULTY ADVISOR. Each student's program must be planned with the advice of the Faculty Advisor before presentation to the Head of the Department or his delegate, for approval.

NOTE: The Department of Mathematics and Statistics will endeavour to give appropriate advice to students registered in its programs. However, the department points out that it is the responsibility of the student to see that his or her academic program meets the University's regulations in all respects. Students are referred to the UNIVERSITY REGULATIONS - GENERAL ACADEMIC REGULATIONS (UNDERGRADUATE), Registration, Student Responsibilty. The department accepts no responsibility for any matter arising from an inappropriate and/or improperly recorded registration.

COURSE NUMBERING SYSTEM

All undergraduate courses offered by the Department of Mathematics and Statistics are identified to YEAR by the first digit and to SUBJECT AREA by the second digit as follows:

First Digit
1- First Year
2- Second Year
3- Third Year
4- Fourth and Fifth Year

Second Digit
0- Common Core
1- Applied Mathematics
2- Applied Mathematics and Pure Mathematics
3- Pure Mathematics
4- Pure Mathematics and Statistics
5- Statistics

MAJOR IN APPLIED MATHEMATICS (B.Sc. only)

Students shall complete the following requirements:

a) M1000, M1001, M2000, M2050, M2051, M3000, M3001, AM3100, AM3132, AM3161, AM/PM3202, AM/PM3260, AM4160, AM4190.
b) Three credit hours in Applied Mathematics courses numbered 3000 or higher.
c) A computing course, early in your program. AM2120 is highly recommended.
d) A designated technical writing course offered by a Science department. AM2130 is recommended. The technical writing course is prerequisite to some 3000-level courses.
e) Physics 1050 (or 1020) and 1051.
f) A statistics course. ST 3410 is recommended.

MAJOR IN PURE MATHEMATICS

Students shall complete the following requirements:

a) M1000, M1001, M2000, M2050, M2051, PM2320, M3000, M3001, PM3320;
b) One of AM/PM3202, 3210, 3260;
c) One of PM3330, 3370;
d) Twelve further credit hours in Pure Mathematics courses numbered 3000 or higher, at least 6 credit hours of which must be in courses numbered 4000 or higher;
e) A computing course. AM2120 is recommended.
f) A designated technical writing course offered by a Science department. AM2130 is recommended.
g) A statistics course. ST 3410 is recommended.

MAJOR IN STATISTICS

Students shall complete the following requirements:

a) M1000, M1001, M2000, M2050, M2051, M3000, PM/ST 3410, PM/ST 3411, ST 3520, ST 3521, ST 3530, ST 4590;
b) Nine further credit hours in Statistics courses numbered 3000 or higher at least 3 credit hours of which must be in a course numbered 4000 or higher excluding ST4581;
c) Computer Science 2602.
d) M3001 is recommended.

HONOURS IN APPLIED MATHEMATICS (B.Sc. only)

See General Regulations for Honours Degree. Students shall complete the following:

a) M1000, M1001, M2000, M2050, M2051, M3000, M3001, AM2130, AM3100, AM3111, AM3132, AM3161, AM/PM3202, AM/PM3210,
AM/PM3260, PM/ST 3410, AM4160, AM4162, AM4170, AM4180, AM4190, AM4199;
b) A computing course early in your program is required. AM2120 is recommended.
c) Physics 1050 (or 1020) and 1051, Physics 3220, and Physics 3230.
d) nine further credit hours in courses to be chosen from the following: AM/PM3240, PM/ST3411, AM4100, AM4102, AM4131, AM4132, AM4133,
AM4140, AM4161, AM/PM4230, AM/PM4240, AM/PM4280-4290.

HONOURS IN PURE MATHEMATICS

See General Regulations for Honours Degree. Students shall complete the following requirements:

a) M1000, M1001, M2000, M2050, M2051, M3000, M3001, AM2130, PM2320, ST2510, AM/ PM3202, AM/PM3210, AM/PM3260, PM3300,
PM3301, PM3320, PM3330, PM4300, PM4310, PM4399;
b) Either PM3340 or 3370;
c) Either PM4320 or 4321;
d) Twelve further credit hours in Pure Mathematics courses numbered 3000 or higher, at least 9 credit hours of which must be in courses numbered 4000 or higher;
e) A computing course early in your program is required. AM2120 is recommended.

HONOURS IN STATISTICS

See General Regulations for Honours Degree. Students shall complete the following requirements:

a) M1000, M1001, M2000, M2050, M2051, M3000, M3001,  AM/PM3202, AM/PM3210, PM/ST3410, PM/ST3411, ST3520, ST3521, ST3530,
PM/ST4410, ST4590, ST4599;
b) Eighteen further credit hours in Statistics courses including at least 12 credit hours in courses numbered 4000 or higher excluding ST4581;
c) Computer Science 2602, Computer Science 3731.
d) PM/ST4400 and PM/ST4401 are recommended.

MINOR IN MATHEMATICS

A total of 24 credit hours in courses offered by the Department of Mathematics and Statistics is required of which only 6 credit hours shall be in courses at the 1000 level and at least 6 credit hours shall be in courses numbered 3000 or higher.

MINOR IN STATISTICS

The courses required for a minor in Statistics are:

a) Mathematics 1000, 1001; Statistics 2500 or 2510, Statistics 2501 or 2560.
b) Twelve further credit hours in Statistics courses numbered 3000 or higher excluding ST4581.

It is recommended that M2000 and M2050 be taken since they are prerequisite to several further Statistics courses.


MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS COURSE LIST

Course List Note

Foundation Courses

Common Core Mathematics Courses

Applied Mathematics Courses

Pure Mathematics Courses

Statistics Courses


COURSE LIST

In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, the course descriptions for courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Department.

In the descriptions of the courses which follow, the symbol (F) represents the fall and (W) represents winter. These labels are intended to indicate the semester when the course is generally offered. Unlabelled courses are offered as demand or programs dictate and as resources permit. The department tries to offer a variety of 1000-, 2000- and 3000-level courses during the spring semester (or intersession or summer session) every year. Students are encouraged to consult the department regularly for specific planned offerings, semester by semester.

FOUNDATION COURSES

102F, 103F, and 104F. Mathematics Skills Program. Non-credit courses intended for those students who either have a weak background in mathematics or are returning to the subject after some years. The program enables students to master mathematical operations such as those involving whole numbers, fractions, decimals, percents, integers, exponents, linear equations, algebraic and rational expressions, formulas, graphs, systems of linear equations, basic trigonometry, exponents and radicals, and quadratics.

COMMON CORE MATHEMATICS COURSE

In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, the course descriptions for courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Department.

1000. Calculus I (F)(W). An introduction to differential Calculus including logarithmic, exponential and trigonometric functions.
Four hours per week.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 1090 or a combination of placement test and high school Mathematics scores acceptable to the department. (See regulation 7)
NOTE: Effective Winter 2000, the credit restriction between Mathematics 1000 and Mathematics 1080 has been lifted. However, credit cannot be obtained for both Mathematics 1000 and Mathematics 1081.

1001. Calculus II (F)(W). An introduction to integral Calculus with applications. In addition to three lectures per week there will be a one and one-half hour problem lab.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 1000 or 1081.
NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both M1001 and either Engineering 1411 or Engineering 2413.

1031. Mathematical Problem Solving. - inactive course.

1050. Finite Mathematics I (F)(W). Topics covered include sets, logic, permutations, combinations and elementary probability.
Four hours per week.
Prerequisite: A combination of placement test and high school mathematics scores acceptable to the department (See regulation 7), or Mathematics 103F.
NOTES: 1) With the exception of those already admitted at the time of registration in this course to a B.Ed. program that requires this course, students who already have obtained credit for six or more Mathematics credit hours numbered 2000 or above are not permitted to register for this course nor can they receive credit for it.
2) Credit cannot be obtained for M1050 and the former Mathematics 1150.

1051. Finite Mathematics II (F)(W). Topics covered include elementary matrices, linear programming, elementary number theory, mathematical systems, and geometry.
Four hours per week.
Prerequisite: A combination of placement test and high school mathematics scores acceptable to the department (See regulation 7), or Mathematics 103F.
NOTES: 1) With the exception of those already admitted at the time of registration in this course to a B.Ed. program that requires this course, students who already have obtained credit for six or more Mathematics credit hours numbered 2000 or above are not permitted to register for this course nor can they receive credit for it.
2) Credit cannot be obtained for M1051 and the former Mathematics 1151.

1090. Algebra and Trigonometry (F)(W). This course provides students with the essential prerequisite elements for the study of an introductory course in calculus. Topics include algebra, functions and their graphs, exponential and logarithmic functions, trigonometry, polynomials, and rational functions.
Four hours per week.
Prerequisite: A combination of placement test and high school Mathematics scores acceptable to the department (See regulation 7) or Mathematics 104F.
NOTE: Students will not receive credit for Mathematics 1090 if they have previously received credit or are currently registered for M1000, M1001, M1080, or M1081.

2000. Calculus III (F)(W). A study of the differential calculus of functions of two variables, an introduction to convergence of infinite sequences and series. In addition to three lectures per week there will be a one and one-half hour problem lab.
Prerequisite: M1001.
NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both M2000 and any of Engineering 1411, Engineering 1412, Engineering 2412, Engineering 2413.

2050. Linear Algebra I (F)(W). Topics include Euclidean n-space, vector operations in ℝ2 and ℝ3, complex numbers, linear trans-formations on ℝn, matrices, determinants, and systems of linear equations.
Prerequisite: M1000 or 6 credit hours in first year Mathematics courses.
NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both M2050 and Engineering 2402.

2051. Linear Algebra II (F)(W). Topics include real and complex vector spaces, basis, dimension, change of basis, eigenvectors, inner products, and diagonalization of Hermitian matrices.
Prerequisite: M2050.

2075. Introduction to the History of Mathematics. - inactive course.

2090. Mathematics of Finance. Topics covered are: simple and compound interest and discount, forces of interest and discount, equations of value, annuities and perpetuities, amortization schedules and sinking funds, bonds and other securities, contingent payments.
Prerequisite: M1001.

2091. Introduction to Actuarial Mathematics. Life tables, life annuities, life insurance, multi-life theory, stationary population, interest rates as a random variable.
Prerequisites: M2090 and one of ST2500, 2510, 2550.

3000. Real Analysis I (F)(W). Proof techniques, structure of ℝ, sequences, limits, continuity, uniform continuity, differentiation.
Three lecture hours and one laboratory hour per week.
Prerequisite: M2000.
NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of M3000 and the former M2001.

3001. Real Analysis II(F)(W). Infinite series of constants, sequences and series of functions, uniform convergence and its consequences, power series, Taylor series, Weierstrass Approximation Theorem.
Three lecture hours and one laboratory hour per week.
Prerequisite: M3000.
NOTE: Credit cannot be received for both of M3001 and the former AM/PM3201.

APPLIED MATHEMATICS COURSES

In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, the course descriptions for courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Department.

2120. Introduction to Mathematical Programming (F). This course serves as an introduction to the use of computers in mathematics. Algorithm design, structured programming and symbolic computing are the main subject areas treated. The structured programming, using a high-level computer language such as C, includes floating point arithmetic, data types, loops, conditional branching, functions, formatted I/O and modularity. The programming in a symbolic environment uses a package like Maple or Mathematica. All programming focuses on problems related to mathematics.
Prerequisite: M1000 or M1081.
NOTE: First priority for enrolment in this course is given to students whose majors are in mathematics or statistics. Other students wishing to register must obtain permission from the head of department. Students enrolled in any program within the Department of Mathematics and Statistics who have completed or are currently registered for AM2130, Computer Science 2710 or Computer Science 2602 cannot receive credit for AM2120.

2130. Technical Writing in Mathematics (W). A project oriented course combining mathematical investigation and technical writing. By using computer programming, graphical and typesetting tools, students will explore mathematical concepts and will produce technical reports of professional quality. The latter will combine elements of writing and graphics to convey technical ideas in a clear and concise manner.
Prerequisite: M1001 and (AM2120 or CS2710 or CS2602 or permission of the Head of Department).
NOTES: 1) First priority for enrolment in this course is given to students who are Applied or Pure Mathematics majors. Other students wishing to register should direct inquiries to the head of department.
2) This course qualifies as a Research/Writing course in the Faculty of Arts.

3100. Introduction to Dynamical Systems (W). Flows, stability, phase plane analysis, limit cycles, bifurcations, chaos, attractors, maps, fractals.  Applications throughout.
Three lecture hours per week.
Prerequisites: AM/PM3260 and a technical writing course offered by a Science department (AM2130 is recommended).
NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of AM3100 and the former AM3190.

3111. Applied Complex Analysis. Mapping by elementary functions, conformal mapping, applications of conformal mapping, Schwartz-Christoffel transformation, Poisson integral formula, poles and zeros, Laplace transforms and stability of systems, analytic continuation.
Prerequisite: AM/PM3210.

3132. Numerical Analysis I (W). Introduction to numerical analysis, round-off error, iterative methods for nonlinear equations in one variable, interpolation and polynomial approximation, discrete least-squares approximation, numerical differentiation and integration.
Prerequisites: AM2130 and AM/PM3260.
NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both AM3132 and Computer Science 3731.

3161. Ordinary Differential Equations II (F). Power series solutions, method of Frobenius, Bessel functions, Legendre polynomials and others from classical Physics, systems of linear first order equations, fundamental matrix solution, numerical methods for initial value problems, existence and uniqueness of solutions.
Prerequisites: AM/PM3202 and AM/PM3260.

3202. Vector Calculus (F)(W). Functions of several variables, Lagrange multipliers, vector valued functions, directional derivatives, gradient, divergence, curl, transformations, Jacobians, inverse and implicit function theorems, multiple integration including change of variables using polar, cylindrical and spherical co-ordinates, Green's theorem, Stokes' theorem, divergence theorem, line integrals, arc length.
Prerequisites: M2000 and M2050.
NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both AM/PM3202 and Physics 3810.

3210. Introduction to Complex Analysis (F). Complex numbers, analytic functions of a complex variable, differentiation of complex functions and the Cauchy-Riemann equations, complex integration, Cauchy's theorem, Taylor and Laurent series, residue theory and applications.
Prerequisite: M3000. 

3240. Applied Graph Theory (F). Algorithms and complexity, definitions and basic properties of graphs, Eulerian and Hamiltonian chains, shortest path problems, graph coloring, planarity, trees, network flows, emphasis on applications including scheduling problems, tournaments, and facilities design.
Prerequisite: PM2320.
NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both AM/PM3240 and Computer Science 2741.

3260. Ordinary Differential Equations I (F)(W). Direction fields, equations of first order and first degree, higher order linear equations, variation of parameters, methods of undetermined coefficients, Laplace transforms, systems of differential equations. Applications include vibratory motion, satellite and rocket motion, pursuit problems, population models and chemical kinetics.
Prerequisite: M2000.
NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both AM/PM3260 and Engineering 3411.

4100. Applied Functional Analysis. - inactive course.

4102. Stochastic Methods in Applied Mathematics. - inactive course.

4131. Numerical Linear Algebra. - inactive course.

4132. Introduction to Optimization. Introduction to optimization, analytic methods for functions of one variable and for functions of several variables, classical maxima and minima, necessary and sufficient conditions, constrained optimization, equality and inequality constraints, Kuhn-Tucker conditions, introduction to the calculus of variations, linear programming, simplex algorithm.
Prerequisite: AM/PM3260 and AM/PM3202.

4133. Numerical Optimization. - inactive course.

4140. Introduction to Mathematical Control Theory. - inactive course.

4160. Partial Differential Equations I (F). Two point boundary value problems, Fourier series, Sturm-Liouville theory, canonical forms, classification and solution of linear second order partial differential equations in two independent variables, separation of variable, integral transform methods.
Prerequisites: AM/PM3202 and AM/PM3260.

4161. Integral Equations. - inactive course.

4162. Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations. Finite differences, finite elements, discretization schemes, stability analysis. Application to parabolic, elliptic and hyperbolic problems.
Prerequisite: AM3132, AM4160.

4170. Partial Differential Equations II. First order equations, Cauchy problems, Cauchy-Kowalewska theorem, second order equations, canonical forms, wave equations in higher dimensions, method of spherical means, Duhamel's principle, potential equation, Dirichlet and Neuman problem, Green's function and fundamental solution, potential theory, heat equation, Riemann's method of integration, method of plane and Riemann waves for systems of PDEs of the first order.
Prerequisite: AM4160.

4180. Introduction to Fluid Dynamics. (Same as Physics 4205). Basic observations, mass conservation, vorticity, stress, hydrostatics, rate of strain, momentum conservation (Navier-Stokes equation), simple viscous and inviscid flows, Reynolds number, boundary layers, Bernoulli's and Kelvin's theorems, potential flows, water waves, thermodynamics.
Prerequisites: Physics 3220 and either AM4160 or Physics 3821.

4190. Mathematical Modelling (W). The intent of this course is to develop students' skills in mathematical modelling and competence in oral and written presentations. Case studies in modelling will be analyzed. Students will develop a mathematical model and present it in both oral and report form.
Prerequisite: AM3100, AM3161 and AM4160.

4199. Applied Mathematics Honours Project. The student, with supervision by a member of the department, will prepare a dissertation in an area of Applied Mathematics. Although original research work by the student will not normally be expected, the student must show an ability and interest to learn and organize material independently. A one hour presentation at the end of the semester will be given by the student.
Prerequisite: Registration in an Honours or Joint Honours program in Applied Mathematics. 

4230. Differential Geometry. Theory of curves, Frenet relations, curvature and torsion, singular points of curves, first and second quadratic forms, classification of points on a surface, Gaussian curvature, Gauss-Weingarten theorem, Christoffel's symbols, theorema Egregium, Gauss-Cadazzi-Mainardi theorem, internal geometry of surfaces, isometric and conformal mappings, geodesic curvature and torsion, parallel displacement, Gauss-Bonnet theorem.
Prerequisite: AM/PM3202.

4240. Differential and Integral Calculus on Manifolds. - inactive course.

4280-4290. Special Topics in Pure and Applied Mathematics.
Prerequisite: Permission of Head of Department.
NOTE: Consult the department for a list of titles and information regarding availability.

PURE MATHEMATICS COURSES
In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, the course descriptions for courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Department.

2320. Discrete Mathematics (F)(W). Basic concepts of mathematical reasoning, sets and set operations, functions, relations including equivalence relations and partial orders as illustrated through the notions of congruence and divisibility of integers, mathematical induction, principles of counting, permutations, combinations and the Binomial Theorem.
Prerequisite: M1001 or M2050.
Note: Credit cannot be obtained for both PM2320 and Computer Science 2740.

3202. Vector Calculus (F)(W). See AM3202.

3210. Introduction to Complex Analysis. See AM3210.

3240. Applied Graph Theory. See AM3240.

3260. Introduction to Ordinary Differential Equations. See AM3260.

3300. Set Theory. Introduction to Mathematical Logic, functions, equivalence relations, equipotence of sets, finite and infinite sets, countable and uncountable sets, Cantor's Theorem, Schroeder- Bernstein Theorem, ordered sets, introduction to cardinal and ordinal numbers, logical paradoxes, the axiom of choice.
Prerequisite: M3000.

3301. Integration and Metric Spaces. Brief review of the Riemann integral, Riemann-Stieltjes integration, metric spaces, the Baire Category Theorem, uniform continuity, the Banach Contraction principle, the Weierstrass Approximation Theorem and the Stone-Weierstrass Theorem are covered.
Prerequisite: M3001.

3303. Introductory Geometric Topology. - inactive course.

3320. Abstract Algebra (F). An introduction to groups and group homomorphisms including cyclic groups, cosets, Lagrange's theorem, normal subgroups and quotient groups, introduction to rings and ring homomorphisms including ideals, prime and maximal ideals, quotient rings, integral domains and fields.
Prerequisite: PM2320.

3321. Applied Algebra. - inactive course.

3330. Euclidean Geometry (F). Classical Euclidean geometry of the triangle and circle. The inversion transformation, including the theorem of Feuerbach. Elliptic and hyperbolic geometries.
Prerequisite: PM2320 or M2051.

3331. Projective Geometry. Course topics include: projective space, the principle of duality, mappings in projective space, conics and quadrics.
Prerequisite: PM2320 or M2051.

3340. Introductory Combinatorics (W). Topics include distributions, the binomial and multinomial theorems, Stirling numbers, recurrence relations, generating functions and the inclusion-exclusion principle. Emphasis will be on applications.
Prerequisite: PM2320.

3370. Introductory Number Theory (F). Perfect numbers and primes, divisibility, Euclidean algorithm, greatest common divisors, primes and the unique factorization theorem, congruences, cryptography (secrecy systems), Euler-Fermat theorems, power residues, primitive roots, arithmetic functions, Diophantine equations, topics above in the setting of the Gaussian integers.
Prerequisite: PM2320. 

3410. Mathematical Statistics I (F). Basic probability concepts, combinatorial analysis, conditional probability, independence, random variable, distribution function, mathematical expectation, Chebyshev's inequality, distribution of two random variables, binomial and related distributions, Poisson, gamma, normal, bivariate normal, t, and F distributions, transformations of variables including the moment-generating function approach.
One and a half hour tutorial period weekly.
Prerequisite: M2000.

3411. Mathematical Statistics II (W). Sampling distributions. Limiting distributions, central limit theorem, minimum variance unbiased estimators, confidence intervals, MLE and its asymptotic properties, exponential family, sufficient statistics, Rao-Cramér inequality, efficiency, Neyman-Pearson lemma, chi-square tests, likelihood ratio test.
One and a half hour tutorial period weekly.
Prerequisite: PM/ST3410.

4230. Differential Geometry. See AM4230.

4240. Differential and Integral Calculus on Manifolds. See AM4240.

4280-4290. Special Topics in Pure and Applied Mathematics.
Prerequisite: Permission of Head of Department.
NOTE: Consult the department for a list of titles and information regarding availability.

4300. General Topology. Topological structure on a set, neighborhood, open and closed sets, continuity, sub-spaces and quotient spaces, connectedness, relation between topologies, base and sub-base, product spaces, applications to Euclidean spaces. Hausdorff, regular, normal and compact spaces, metric spaces, compacta and continua, metrizability.
Prerequisite: PM3300 or PM3301, or both M3000 and PM3303.

4301. Algebraic Topology. - inactive course.

4302. Functional Analysis. - inactive course.

4310. Complex Function Theory. Topology of C, analytic functions, Cauchy's theorem with proof, Cauchy integral formula, singularities, argument principle, Rouche's theorem, maximum modulus principle, Schwarz's lemma, harmonic functions, Poisson integral formula, analytic continuation, entire functions, gamma function, Riemann-Zeta function, conformal mapping.
Prerequisite: PM3301 and AM/PM3210.

4320. Ring Theory. Factorization in integral domains, structure of finitely generated modules over a principal ideal domain with application to Abelian groups, nilpotent ideals and idempotents, chain conditions, the Wedderburn-Artin theorem.
Prerequisite: PM3320.

4321. Group Theory. Permutation groups, Sylow theorems, normal series, solvable groups, solvability of polynomials by radicals, introduction to group representations.
Prerequisite: PM3320.

4331. Galois Theory. - inactive course.

4340. Combinatorial Analysis. This course continues most of the topics started in PM3340 with further work on distributions, recurrence relations and generating functions. Generating functions are used to solve recurrence relations in two variables. Also included is a study of Polya's theorem with applications.
Prerequisite: M2000 and PM3340.

4341. Combinatorial Designs. This course includes the study of finite fields, Latin squares, finite projective planes and balanced incomplete block designs.
Prerequisite: PM3320 or PM3340.

4370. Number Theory. - inactive course.

4375. History of Mathematics. - inactive course.

4399. Pure Mathematics Dissertation. The student, with supervision by a member of the department, will prepare a dissertation in an area of Pure Mathematics. Although original research by the student will not normally be expected, the student must show an ability and interest to learn and organize material independently. A one hour presentation at the end of the semester will be given by the student.
Prerequisite: Registration in an Honours or Joint Honours program in Pure Mathematics. 

4400. Lebesgue Integration. Review of Riemann integration, outer measure, measure, measurable sets, measurable functions, the Lebesgue integral, properties of the Lebesgue integral, sequences of integrals, Fubini's theorem.
Prerequisite: M3001.

4401. Probability Theory. Abstract measure and integration, probability concepts, random variables, independence, Borel-Cantelli lemmas, sums of independent random variables.
Prerequisite: M3000 and PM/ST3410.

4402. Stochastic Processes. - inactive course.

4410. Mathematical Statistics III. Multivariate normal distribution theory, applications to ANOVA and regression, other topics such as sequential tests, distribution of order statistics, nonparametrics and decision theory.
Prerequisite: M2051 and PM/ST3411.

STATISTICS COURSES
In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, the course descriptions for courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Department.

NOTE: All 2000-level statistics courses, ST3410, ST3411, ST4590, and ST4591 have a laboratory period weekly.

2500. Statistics for Business and Arts Students (F)(W). Descriptive statistics (including histograms, stem-and-leaf plots and box plots), elementary probability, discrete random variables, the binomial distribution, the normal distribution, sampling distribution, estimation and hypothesis testing including both one and two sample tests, paired comparisons, chi-square test, correlation and regression. Related applications.
Prerequisite: M1000 or six credit hours in first year courses in Mathematics or registration in at least semester 3 of a B.N. pro-gramme or permission of the head of department.
NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of ST2500, ST2510, ST2550, and Psychology 2900.  Statistical computer package will be use in the laboratory, but no prior computing experience is assumed.

2501. Further Statistics for Business and Arts Students (F). Power calculation and sample size determination, analysis of variance, multiple regression, nonparametric statistics, index numbers, time series analysis, introduction to sampling techniques.
Prerequisite: ST2500 or ST2510.
NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of ST2501, ST2560, the former ST2511, and Psychology 2901. Statistical computer package will be used in the laboratory.

2510.  Statistics for Physical Science Students (F)(W). Elements of probability, conditional probability, Bayes’ Theorem, discrete random variables, cumulative distribution function, introduction to continuous random variables, mathematical expectation, estimation of mean, proportion and variance, hypothesis testing for one-sample case.
Prerequisite: M1000 or M1081.
NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of ST2500, ST2510, ST2550, Psychology 2900, and Engineering 3423.  Normally offered twice a year, including the fall.

2550. Statistics for Life Science Students(F)(W)(S). An introduction to basic statistics methods with an emphasis on applications to life sciences and, in particular, to biology. Material includes descriptive statistics, elementary probability, binomial distribution, normal distribution, sampling distribution, estimation and hypothesis testing (both one and two sample cases), chi-square test, one way analysis of variance, correlation and simple linear regression.
Prerequisite: M1000 or M1081.
NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of ST2500, ST2510, ST2550, and Psychology 2900. Normally offered twice a year, including the fall. Statistical computer package will be used in the laboratory, but no prior computing experience is assumed.

2560. (former 2511). Further Statistics for Science Students (W). Estimation and hypothesis testing in the two-sample and paired sample cases, one way and two way analysis of variance, simple and multiple linear regression, chi-square tests, non-parametric tests including sign test, Wilcoxon signed rank test and Wilcoxon rank test.
Prerequisite: ST2500 (with M1000 or M1081) or ST2510.
NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of ST2501, ST2560, the former ST2511, and Psychology 2901. Statistical computer packages will be used in the laboratory, but no prior computing experienced is assumed.

3410. Mathematical Statistics I. See PM3410.

3411. Mathematical Statistics II. See PM3411.

3520. Experimental Design I (F). Introduction to basic concepts in experimental design, single factor designs including completely randomized, randomized blocks, Latin square and related designs, multiple comparison tests, fixed and random effects models, introduction to factorial design.
Prerequisite: M2050 and either PM/ST3411 or both M1001 and one of ST2501 or ST2560 (former 2511).
NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both ST3520 and Psychology 3900.

3521. Regression (W). Inferences in linear regression analysis, matrix approach to regression analysis, multiple linear regression, model selection, polynomial regression, indicator variable, problem of simultaneous inferences, multicollinearity.
Prerequisite: M2050 and either PM/ST3411 or both M1001 and one of ST2501 or ST2560 or the former ST2511.

3530. Survey Sampling I (F). Basic concepts, randomization, sampling frames, stratified sampling, the analysis of subclasses, cluster sampling, stratified cluster sampling, unequal clusters, ratio estimates selection with probabilities proportional to size.
Prerequisite: Either PM/ST 3411 or both M1001 and one of ST2501 or ST2560 or the former ST2511.

3540. Time Series I. Autocovariance, autocorrelation and correlation, stationarity, autoregressive, moving average and ARMA models, differencing, the integrated ARMA process, parameter estimation, model identification and diagnostic testing, forecasting, seasonal models, the use of data transformation.
Prerequisite: Either PM/ST3411 or both M1001 and one of ST2501 or ST2560 or the former ST2511.

3570. Reliability and Quality Control. Analysis of life, mortality and failure data, standard parametric models in reliability, quality control charts and cumulative sum charts, tolerance limits, contingency tables, interactions, application of sequential sampling.
Prerequisite: Either PM/ST3411 or both M1001 and one of ST2501 or ST2560 or the former ST2511.

3590. Statistics in Applied Research. - inactive course.