2004 - 2005 Calendar

FACULTY OF ARTS

GEOGRAPHY COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, the course descriptions for courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Department.

IMPORTANT NOTE: Specific prerequisites for courses may be waived only with permission of the instructor and the Head of Department.

1050. Introduction to the Principles and Practice of Geography.  The course focuses on five areas in geography which continue through courses in other years of the geography program: physical, cultural, economic, resources, and geographic information sciences.  The lectures are linked to assignments, which provide both experience in the application of geographical skills and develop insight into the presence of geography at both the local and global scales.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for 1050 and any of 1000, 1001, the former 1010, or the former 1011.

2001. Cultural Geography. An examination of the basic themes of cultural Geography.
Prerequisite: Geography 1050, or the former 1011, or 1001.

2102. Physical Geography: The Global Perspective. A study of form, process, and change in natural systems at and near the surface of Earth, viewed as human environment. Emphasis is on global and regional scales in the systematic study of climate, water, landforms and vegetation.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Geography 1050, or the former 1011, or 1001.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for 2102 and the former 2100 or 2101.

2105. Canada's Natural Environments and Landscapes. This course examines the characteristics and development of the natural environments and landscapes of each of the major regions of Canada. The diversity of natural environments is illustrated through discussion of the climatic, hydrological, biogeographical, and geomorphic processes responsible for shaping the land. The impact of both gradual and rapid (catastrophic) changes on local, national, and global scales will be emphasized.
NOTES 1: This course is complementary to Geography 3405; students are encouraged to take both.
2: Credit may not be obtained for both Geography 2105 and the former 3100.

2195. Introduction to Geographic Information Sciences. An introduction to the fields of cartography, remote sensing, and geographic information systems (GIS). Emphasis on the understanding and appreciation of maps and map-like images.
Prerequisites: Geography 1050, or the former 1011, or 1001.

2200. Introduction to Thematic Cartography. A survey of the field of thematic mapping, with an emphasis on the practical application of cartographic design and the communication of spatial and temporal relationships. (A)
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Geography 2200 and the former 2190.

2220. Research Design and Quantitative Methods in Geography. An introduction to principles of research design, and to the use of quantitative techniques. The techniques examined include basic nonparametric and parametric statistical tools, as well as an introduction to modelling. Practical exercises, many of them computer based, are an essential part of the course.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

2290. Historical Geography of Newfoundland. An examination of the spatial development of settlement in Newfoundland from the period of early European contacts to the present century. Themes include the impact of Europeans on native occupance, the regional background of European migrations, the regional growth of population and the spread of settlement as manifested on the cultural landscape. This course also serves as an option in the Newfoundland Studies Minor program.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Geography 2290 and the former 3290.

2302. Issues in Economic Geography. Basic issues and ideas in economic geography. The development of a regional economy will be related to underlying economic, cultural and physical factors.
Prerequisite: Geography 1050, or the former 1011, or 1001.

2405. Lands and Seas of the Northern North Atlantic. A comparative study of the marginal lands and seas of the Northern North Atlantic (parts of Eastern Canada including Newfoundland and Labrador, Greenland, Iceland, parts of Scandinavia and the British Isles) with emphasis on the history and ecology of population, settlement and resource use.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Geography 2405 and the former 3400.

2425. Natural Resources. An introduction to the concepts of natural resources, environment and conservation: the nature and distribution of natural resources; methods of use, allocation and development of natural resources and the role of various physical, social, economic, political and technological factors influencing decision-making about resources.
Prerequisite: Geography 1050, or the former 1011, or 1001.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Geography 2425 and 3325.

2460. Regional Geography of the United States. A holistic regional geography of the United States, including the terrain, geology, climate, vegetation, and fauna; the historical, political, cultural, and socio-economic geography of all parts of the USA; the interaction between physical and human geographic factors in cities, states, and regions; and the geographic factors shaping the modern United States.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Geography 2460 and the former 3460.

2490. The Newfoundland Space Economy. - inactive course.

2495. Regional Geography of Labrador. A holistic study of the Geography of Labrador, including the terrain, geology, Quaternary history, climate, vegetation, and fauna; the cultural geography of Labrador, including Innu, Inuit, Métis, and Settler people and communities; economic activities in Labrador, and the interaction of the Labrador economy within Newfoundland, Canada, and globally; the management of physical and human resources; and the geographic techniques used to investigate and understand Labrador’s unique Geography.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Geography 2495 and the former 3495.

3000. Population Geography. The geography of population distributions with special emphasis given to the population dynamics expressed in fertility, mortality and migration; techniques for analysis of vital statistics; world population problems; contrasting population policies of various countries. (C)
Prerequisite: Geography 2001.

3010. The Evolution of Urban Form (formerly 2010). This course examines the origin and evolution of the city in Western civilization, paying particular attention to the social, political, and economic processes which have been instrumental in transforming its physical fabric.

3110. Physical Geography of the Watershed. The focus is local and regional scale problems of the physical environment, with emphasis on water. The course is organized around the concept of the watershed (drainage basin), and principles and techniques of hydrology are introduced. A systematic, problem-solving approach is used. The regional emphasis is on Canada. (D)
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory or fieldwork per week.
Prerequisites: Geography 2102; Geography 2195; Mathematics 1000; one of Geography 2220, Statistics 2500, Statistics 2510, Statistics 2550, or permission of the Head.

3120. Climatology. An analysis of the energy and moisture budgets and circulation of the atmosphere at the macro-scale, together with an examination of resulting climate characteristics for selected world regions. (D)
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Geography 2102; Mathematics 1000; Geography 2220 or Statistics 2500 or 2510.

3140. Biogeography. The application of ecological concepts to the study of the spatial variations in the distribution of plants and vegetation. Laboratory work emphasizes terrestrial flora of Newfoundland. (D)
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Geography 2102; Mathematics 1000; Geography 2220 or Statistics 2500 or 2510.

3150. Geomorphology. A study of the relationships between geomorphic processes and landforms. Practical work will involve collection of data and samples in the field and analytical laboratory techniques. (D)
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Geography 2102 or Earth Sciences 2310; Mathematics 1000; Geography 2220 or Mathematics 2000 or Statistics 2500 or 2510.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Geography 3150 and the former Earth Sciences 3700.

3200. Graphic Design in Cartography. An examination of the design components of the map as a graphic communication. Emphasized are the perceptual and technical aspects of graphic organization, symbolization, colour, and lettering. (A)
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Geography 2200 or permission.

3210. History of Map Making. - inactive course.

3215. Cartography Practicum. Practical mapping experience as a cartographic intern in the MUNCL. This will entail six hours of work per week for one semester.
Prerequisite: Geography 2200. This course is intended primarily for those pursuing the cartography option within the Major in Geography, but may be open to others by permission of the Head.

3230. Field Course. This course will normally be taken by Geography Majors just prior to the Fall Semester of their third year. The course will be held off campus and is designed to provide experience in instrument and field techniques in physical, economic and cultural Geography.

3250. Introduction to Remote Sensing. An introduction to digital image analysis. Will include many aspects of pre-processing and processing of airborne and satellite imagery. (A)
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Geography 2195; Mathematics 1000; Geography 2220 or Statistics 2500 or 2510.

3260. Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS). A review of hardware and software components of GIS, and an exploration into GIS applications, data structures and basic GIS functions. (A)
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Geography 2195; Mathematics 1000; Geography 2220 or Statistics 2500 or 2510.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Geography 3260 and the former Geography 4251.

3303. Location Theory. The theoretical basis of the study of economic geography. Theories of movement of people, goods and ideas, as well as theories of land-use, facility location and the development of agglomerations are examined. (B)
Prerequisites: Geography 2220 or Statistics 2500 or 2510; Geography 2302.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for 3303 and the former 2300, 2301, 2303.

3320. Fisheries Geography. - inactive course.

3321. Geography of Fishing Activity. - inactive course.

3340. Techniques of Regional Analysis. - inactive course.

3350. Geographical Aspects of Regional Planning and Development. - inactive course.

3405. Canada. (Formerly 2400). A regional geography of Canada, with emphasis on social, economic and political characteristics. The course is a core course in the Canadian Studies Major program. This course is complementary to Geography 2105; students are encouraged to take both.
Prerequisites: Geography 2001, 2102 and 2302; or 6 credit hours in courses for the Major in Canadian Studies; or permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.

3410. Regional Geography of Europe. - inactive course.

3415. Regional Geography of the British Isles. - inactive course.

3420. Regional Geography of the Former U.S.S.R. - inactive course.

3425. Geographical Analysis of Resources. The geographic study of contemporary North American issues in resources and their management. Emphasis will be placed on air and water quality issues, lands and forest resources, energy resources, and coastal zone resources. A number of substantive areas in resource analysis will be considered, including resource appraisal, landscape evaluation, and environmental impact assessment.
Prerequisite: Geography 2425 or equivalent.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Geography 3425 and the former 4400.

3450. Regional Geography of South and Central America. - inactive course.

3480. Regional Geography of Asia. - inactive course.

3490. Regional Geography of Newfoundland. - inactive course.

3500. Regional Geography of the Arctic. - inactive course.

3510. Geography of the Seas. This course treats the oceans as a natural unit. In turn will be studied the physical characteristics of the seas, marine biogeography, the sea as a source of wealth and means of transport, the role of the sea in discovery and exploration, and geographical factors governing the evolution of sea empires.
Prerequisite: Geography 2102.

3610. Cultural Landscape. An investigation of human imprints on the land. Themes include architecture, settlement patterns, and the use of the land. (C)
Prerequisite: Geography 2001.

3620. Migration and Colonization. A study of population movements associated with colonization and frontier development. (C)
Prerequisite: Geography 2001.

3701. Urban Geography. An examination of the evolution, structure and dynamics of cities and urban systems. (B)
Prerequisites: Geography 2220 or Statistics 2500 or 2510; Geography 2302.

3710-3729. Special Topics in Geography (available only as part of the Harlow Campus Semester).

3800. Political Geography. An examination of the present pattern of political states and territories in relation to various physical and cultural factors in the geographic environment. The geographic backgrounds of current problems in domestic and international affairs. (C)
Prerequisite: Geography 2001.

3900-3909. Special Topics in Geography. Topics to be studied will be announced.
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.

3990-3999. Special Topics in Geography. Topics to be studied will be announced.
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.

4000. Research Seminar in Population Studies. - inactive course.

4005. Rural Settlement in an Urban World. (Formerly 2000 and 3005). - inactive course.

4010. Cultural Geography. Concepts and methods in the study of cultural geography.
Prerequisites: Geography 2001 and at least one of 2290, 3000, 3010, 3610, 3620, 3800.

4015. Cultural Resource Management. (Same as Anthropology 4015 and Folklore 4015). This course is a study of cultural resource management: the definition and recognition of cultural resources, the application of policy in managing cultural resources, and the identification and consideration of contemporary issues in cultural resource management.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of seminar per week.

4120. Applied Climatology (formerly 3121). - inactive course.

4130. Local and Micro-Climatology. - inactive course.

4141. Glacial Environments. An examination of the landforms, processes and sediments of past and present glacial environments. Course work will stress broad applications to environmental science.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory/field work per week.
Prerequisite: Six credit hours in physical geography courses at the 3000-level; or permission of Head of Department..
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both 4141 and the former Earth Sciences 4701.

4150. Environmental Change and Quaternary Geography.(Same as Anthropology (A/P) 4150). Methods of reconstructing Quaternary environments; effects of Quaternary environmental change on landforms, with special reference to North America; development and characteristics of glacial and non-glacial climates.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Six credit hours in physical geography courses or in A/P courses at the 3000-level; or permission of Head of Department.

4170. Advanced Biogeography. (Formerly 3141). - inactive course.

4180. Seminar in Advanced Physical Geography. This course will provide senior students with the opportunity to immerse themselves in selected aspects of physical geography by the preparation of papers, their presentation and discussion.
Prerequisites: Nine credit hours in physical Geography at the 3000-level and/or 4000-level.

4200. Applied Design in Cartography. An advanced course in cartographic techniques with particular emphasis on processes of map reproduction, the use of colour in map-making and in the representation of spatially varying quantities.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Geography 3200.

4220. Advanced Quantitative Methods. - inactive course.

4241. Research Seminar in Cartography. - inactive course.

4250. Environmental Image Analysis. Remote sensing techniques applied to various environmental problems. Techniques include selection of the system for data acquisition (airborne or satellite imagery), planning of a ground truth survey, and of data processing. Applications to high and low density urban areas, agricultural, forestry, coastal zone, oceanic, and environmental monitoring.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Geography 3250.

4261. Advanced Techniques in Geographic Information Systems (GIS). GIS algorithms, data structures, advanced computational topics, and analysis of error.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Geography 3260; Mathematics 2050; Computer Science 1700 (or equivalent, with permission of instructor and the Head of Department).

4262. Advanced Applications in Geographic Information Systems (GIS). - inactive course.

4290. Geographic Mapping Techniques Practicum. Practical experience with the geographic information sciences fields of cartography, remote sensing or geographical information systems. Students will serve as interns in governmental, institutional or private agencies, or in non-profit organizations.
Six hours per week or a total of 72 hours of research or laboratory work.
Prerequisites/Corequisites: Geography 4200, 4250, 4261, and to be enrolled in the Diploma in Geographic Information Sciences.

4291. Special Topics in Geographic Information Sciences. Current research issues in cartography, remote sensing and geographic information systems.
Prerequisites: At least two of 4200, 4250, and 4261, or permission of instructor and the Head of the Department.

4300. Fisheries Seminar I. - inactive course.

4301. Fisheries Seminar II. - inactive course.

4320. Regional Development Seminar. Preparation of papers on various aspects of development, their presentation and discussion.
Prerequisite: Geography 3303.

4390. Transportation Geography. - inactive course.

4405. Outdoor Recreational Resources and Planning. An introduction to the major themes and techniques in the study of outdoor recreation. A theoretical framework will provide a base for the evaluation of the complex issues involved in managing a physical resource for recreational purposes. North American examples will be emphasised.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Geography 2425 or 3325.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Geography 4405 and Geography 4909.

4410. Research Seminar in Resources. This course offers the opportunity to undertake advanced work in a number of resource sectors such as energy, fisheries, forests, lands, air and water. The emphasis will be on learning through experience. Students will be expected to initiate and complete suitable research projects in close consultation with faculty involved.
Prerequisites: Geography 2425 or 3325.

4600. Historical Geography. A study of concepts and methods in historical geography. Themes are: the role of the physical environment in history; the impact of man on nature; the initiation and evolution of man-made landscapes; and the reconstruction of the geography of past periods.
Prerequisites: Geography 2001 and at least one of 2290, 3000, 3010, 3610, 3620, 3800.

4640. Historical Geography of Canada. (Formerly 3240). This course explains the geographical dimensions of Canada, past and present, in terms of spatial origins and processes of geographical change in the population, economy and landscape of the country. Themes will include: changing perceptions of the environment; the historical demography of immigration and initial settlement; the reconstruction of past regional geographies; the sequent occupance of particular regions; the human alteration of the natural landscape.
Prerequisites: Geography 2001 and at least one of 2290, 3000, 3010, 3610, 3620, 3800; or 12 credit hours in core courses for the Major in Canadian Studies.

4650. Conservation in Biology and Geography. (Same as Biology 4650). Examination of how biological and geographical principles can be applied to conserving biological diversity in the natural world under conditions of exploitation and habitat loss. Special emphasis will be given to relevant provincial examples.
Three hours of lecture per week and 3 hours of seminar/discussion group per week.
Prerequisites: 30 credit hours in either Biology or Geography and permission of the course co-ordinator.

4690. Research Seminar in the Historical Geography of Newfoundland. - inactive course.

4700. Seminar in Advanced Urban Geography. This course will provide senior students with the opportunity to immerse themselves in the analysis of a small number of problems related to contemporary urban structure and growth.
Prerequisite: Geography 3701.

4900-4919. Special Topics in Geography. Topics to be offered will be announced by the Department of Geography.
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department of Geography.

4919. Integrative Practicum in Geographic Information Sciences. Applied or research project integrating aspects of cartography, geographical information systems and remote sensing. Students will have access to the remote sensing and GIS laboratory and MUNCL to complete their project. This is the capstone course for the students registered in the Geographic Information Sciences diploma program. It will involve the knowledge and experiences acquired over the years in the program.
Six hours per week or a total of 72 hours of individual research or laboratory work.
Prerequisites/Corequisites: Geography 4200, 4250, 4261, and to be enrolled in the Diploma in Geographic Information Sciences.

4990. Nature of Geography. An examination of the major philosophical issues in the nature of geography and recent changes in geographical method. Particular emphasis will be placed on the implications of the quantitative, systems, behavioural and ecological approaches in geography, the use of models, the place of theory and the study of process in geography.
This course is primarily intended for Honours students.

4999. Dissertation, Honours Degree.


Please direct inquiries to deanarts@mun.ca


Last modified on April 30, 2004 by R. Bruce

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