Sir Wilfred Grenfell College

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

NOTES: 1) Pre-requisites may be waived by the Head/ Program Chair of the course area in question.

2) Upon the recommendation of the appropriate Program Chair(s), any Major requirements may be waived by the Academic Studies Committee.

3) Some of the courses in this section of the Calendar are available only at Sir Wilfred Grenfell College. Students who choose to transfer from Grenfell to the St. John's campus should see their faculty advisor to determine the extent to which such courses can be applied to their new program.


ANTHROPOLOGY

BIOCHEMISTRY

BIOLOGY

BUSINESS

CHEMISTRY

CLASSICS

COMPUTER SCIENCE

EARTH SCIENCES

ECONOMICS

ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE COURSES

ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY COURSES

ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY COURSES

OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE COURSES

ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES COURSES

FOLKLORE

FORESTRY

FRENCH

GEOGRAPHY

HISTORY

HUMAN KINETICS AND RECREATION (HKR)

HUMANITIES

MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS

PHILOSOPHY

PHYSICS

POLITICAL SCIENCE

PSYCHOLOGY

RELIGIOUS STUDIES

SCIENCE

SOCIAL/CULTURAL STUDIES COURSES

SOCIOLOGY

THEATRE

UNIVERSITY

VISUAL ARTS

WOMEN'S STUDIES


ANTHROPOLOGY

In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Division.

Anthropology 1030 (Introduction to Archaeology and Physical Anthropology) and 1031 (Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropology) or an equivalent course or courses are required of all students wishing to concentrate in anthropology.

The following courses, cross-listed with the Department of Sociology and identified by the prefix "S/A", are also taught at the introductory level: 2200, 2210, 2220, 2230, 2240, 2260, 2270, 2280, and 2350. These courses can be taken as first courses or may be taken following an Anthropology introductory course.

1030. Introduction to Archaeology and Physical Anthropology. A broad overview of Archaeology and Physical Anthropology introducing the concepts of human biological and cultural evolution and the methods and techniques by which these are investigated. The course is designed to provide the basis for further study in the disciplines.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Anthropology 1030 and the former Anthropology 1000 or 2000.

1031. Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropology. A general introduction to Anthropology emphasizing different forms of society and culture. Cultures within and outside the Western tradition will be examined, ranging from small-scale to more complex pre-industrial societies.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Anthropology 1031 and the former Anthropology 1000 or 2000.

2200 (S/A 2200). Communities. An interdisciplinary examination of the concept of Community. Readings will include community studies from North America and Europe.

2210 (S/A 2210). Communication and Culture. An examination of verbal and non-verbal systems of communication, and the influence of language on human cognition.

2230 (S/A 2230). Newfoundland Society and Culture. (Same as Folklore 2230). The Sociology and Anthropology of the Island of Newfoundland. The focus is on social and cultural aspects of contemporary island Newfoundland.

2260 (S/A 2260). War and Aggression. Critical review of ethological, psychological and sociological approaches to the understanding of violence and organized aggression.

2270 (S/A 2270). Families. A comparative and historical perspective on the family as a social institution, the range of variation in its structure and the determinants of its development.

2300. Newfoundland Folklore. (Same as Folklore 2300.) A survey of the various types of Folklore: tale, song, rhyme, riddle, proverb, belief, custom, childlore and others, with stress on their function in the Newfoundland community culture. Individual collection and analysis of materials from the students' home communities, supplemented by data from the MUN Folklore and Language Archive.
Prerequisite: Folklore 1000 or 2000, or Anthropology 1031.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 2300 and the former Folklore 3420.

2350 (S/A 2350). Religious Institutions. (Same as Religious Studies 2350) Comparative study of religious institutions and beliefs, calendrical feasts and solemnities, religious roles and hierarchies, ritual innovation and revitalization.

2410. Classics in Social and Cultural Anthropology. An examination of selected milestone monographs, ground- breaking studies for subdisciplinary specialties and major syntheses.

2411. Anthropologists in the Field. Anthropologists base many of their ideas on experiences they have while living in other cultures. This course examines the human relationships through which anthropologists explore cultures and how in turn these relationships affect the anthropologists and the development of their discipline.

2412. Threatened Peoples. An examination of key social and cultural factors involved in the global extinction of small-scale societies; the intrusive influences that jeopardize small-scale societies, such as disease; economic and military incursion; the role of international non-governmental agencies in aid of threatened peoples; and the role of the anthropologist in this human crisis.

2413. Modern World Cultures. An examination of significant studies of 20th century populations and their implications for understanding the human condition.

2430. Physical Anthropology: The Human Animal. Physical Anthropology investigates the human animal as we exist now and as we developed through time. Students will discover how the study of fossil remains, living and extinct primates, and the applications of the principles of genetics, adaptation and variation of human evolution help to provide an understanding of how biology and culture have interacted to produce modern humans.
Prerequisite: Anthropology 1030.

2500. Folk Literature. (Same as Folklore 2500.) An examination of the major genres of folk literature: folk narrative, folk poetry and song, folk drama, and the traditional generic forms within folk speech. An introduction to the textual, comparative and contextual methods of analysis. The literature discussed will be international in scope.
Prerequisite: Folklore 1000 or 2000, or Anthropology 1031.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 2500 and any of the former Folklore 3400, English 3400, Sociology/Anthropology 3400.

3080. The Third World. An examination of the anthropology of the Third World. The course considers perspectives on peasantry, including such topics as underdevelopment, land reform, hunger, political and social movement.

3083. Cultural Crises and the Environment. An examination of social and cultural aspects of dilemmas in the use of renewable and non-renewable resources such as animals, arable land, forests, fisheries, air, water, fossil fuel, and nuclear energy. Special attention to Third World and marginal populations.

3140 (S/A 3140). Social Movements. An examination of social movements which challenge prevailing social institutions and cultural values. Social movements considered may include religious cults and sects, millenarian movements, attempts at utopian and communal living, feminism, labour and revolutionary movements.

3520. The Early Ethnohistory of North America's Native People. (Same as History 3520). The North American native response to early European contact and initial settlement. Particular attention will be paid to cultural change resulting from the adoption of European goods, participation in the fur trade, the introduction of European disease, and the adaptation to a permanent European presence.

BIOCHEMISTRY

1430. Biochemistry for Nurses. An introduction to the chemistry and structure-function relationships of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. Basic metabolism of carbohydrates and fats, with emphasis on the biochemical fluctuations that occur in human health and disease. A brief introduction to molecular genetics. This course may not be used for credit to fulfil the requirements for a major in the Department of Biochemistry. Entry into this course is restricted to students in the School of Nursing.
Prerequisite: Level 3 Chemistry or Chemistry 1010 or Chemistry 1810 or equivalent.
Lectures: Four hours per week.
NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of Biochemistry 1430 and the former 2430.

BIOLOGY

NOTE: Students may obtain credit for only six 1000-level credit hours in Biology. Normally, these courses will be Biology 1001-1002, which are prerequisite to all higher courses in Biology, except where noted below.

1001-1002. Principles of Biology. An introduction to the science of Biology, including a discussion of the unity, diversity and evolution of living organisms.
Three hours of lecture and a three-hour laboratory per week.
NOTE: Biology 1001 is a prerequisite for Biology 1002.

2010. Biology of Plants. A study of the structure, function and reproductive biology of plants, with emphasis on the vascular plants, and on their relationship to environment and human activities.
Three hours of lecture and a three-hour laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Biology 1002, Chemistry 1001.

2040. Modern Biology and Human Society I. This course examines various aspects of the human body, and the implications of modern biological research for human beings. Topics include cancer; diet and nutrition and associated diseases; circulatory disease, immunity, human genetics, biorhythms, new diseases, genetic engineering and reproductive engineering.
Three hours of lectures/seminars per week.

2041. Modern Biology and Human Society II. This course examines the origins and consequences of the environmental crisis of the 20th century. Topics include the population explosion, energy, material cycles, air and water and land pollution, global food supplies, the fisheries, wildlands, renewable and non-renewable resources, environmental ethics.
Three hours of lecture/seminar per week.
NOTE: Biology 2040 and 2041 are not acceptable as any of the required courses for the Minor, Major or Honours programs in Biology. There are no prerequisites for these courses.

2122. Biology of Invertebrates. A study of the invertebrates with emphasis on structure and function, adaptations and life histories. The laboratories will present a broad survey of the major invertebrate groups.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Biology 1002.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 2122 and the former Biology 3122.

2210. Biology of Vertebrates. A study of the vertebrates, with emphasis on structure and function, adaptations and life histories.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Biology 1002.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 2210 and the former Biology 3210.

2250. Principles of Genetics. An introduction to Mendelian, population, molecular, and developmental genetics which provides an understanding of the molecular basis of variation in organisms and their populations.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Two of: 2010, 2122, 2210.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 3250 and the former Biology 2250.

2600. Principles of Ecology. A conceptual course introducing the principles of ecology, including theoretical, functional and empirical approaches.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Biology 1002.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Biology 2600 and the former Biology 3600.

3053. Microbiology for Nurses. The fundamentals of microbiology with an emphasis on medical microbiology. The course will include topics such as: host responses to infections, human diseases caused by microorganisms, and the control and exploitation of microorganisms. Entrance is restricted to Nursing students in the Collaborative B.N. program.
Lecture: Three hours per week.
Laboratories: Two hours per week.
NOTE: Biology 3053 is not acceptable as one of the required courses for the Minor, Major or Honours programs in Biology, nor is it acceptable for any of the joint programs between Biology and other disciplines.

BUSINESS

1000. Introduction to Business. An overview of business in the Canadian environment is presented in the course with emphasis on the stakeholders involved and the issues confronting managers. The course examines the functional areas of the enterprise (finance, marketing, production, and human resources management) in addition to providing an overview of the business system. An analysis of actual business situations provides a framework of study.
NOTE: This course was formerly Business 2001. Credit may not be obtained for both Business 2001 and Business 1000.

1101. Principles of Accounting. This course will emphasize the concepts and issues of introductory financial accounting as they relate to the Canadian conceptual framework, and will also address the strengths and weaknesses of financial reporting at an introductory level. The student will be introduced to the accounting process and analysis of the balance sheet, income statement, and the statement of changes in financial position.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Business 1101 and either of the former Business 3100 and the former Business 2100.

1201. Principles of Marketing. This course provides an overview of the marketing function, emphasizing customer satisfaction as the focal point of an organization's activities. The course examines customer characteristics and behaviours as a crucial element in the design of effective marketing strategies and programs. The course also deals in detail with the elements of the marketing mix: products and services; pricing; distribution channels; and promotion.
Prerequisite: Business 1000 or the former Business 2001.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Business 1201 and the former Business 3200.

2000. Business Communications. An emphasis on the understanding and use of various forms of communication in the business organization. From an examination of the communication process, study progresses to planning, and developing skills in written and oral communications including business reports and letter writing.

2301. Organizational Behaviour. This course focuses on the study of individual and group processes in formal organizations. The student is introduced to the nature of work, the systematic approach to the study of behaviour, organizational roles and socialization, motivation, leadership, communication, and group dynamics.
NOTE: This course was formerly Business 4300. Credit may not be obtained for both Business 2301 and Business 4300.

4000. Business Law I. A course dealing with the law relating to certain aspects of business activity; includes introductory material on the nature of law and legal processes, together with a detailed study of certain aspects of the law of contract, examination of the general principles of the law of agency as they affect business operations; introduction to selected topics in company and partnership law.
NOTE: This course was formerly Business 3000. Credit may not be obtained for both Business 4000 and Business 3000.

CHEMISTRY

NOTE: Attendance for ALL Chemistry Laboratory sessions is mandatory. Failure to attend may result in a failing grade or deregistration from the course.

ADVISORY NOTE: Students are strongly advised to complete the Chemistry sequence appropriate to their stream (Chemistry 1200/ 1001 or 1010/1011 or 1011/1031 or 1050/1051) on the campus they first attend prior to transfer to another campus. Consult the credit restrictions listed under the St. John’s Campus Department of Chemistry section of the University Calendar.


1001. General Chemistry II. Rates of reaction, chemical equilibria, thermodynamics, and introduction to organic chemistry.
Lectures: Four per week including tutorials.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 1200 or equivalent.

1200. General Chemistry I.
Atomic structure and bonding, stoichiometry, reactions in aqueous solutions, gases, energetics of chemical reactions, the periodic table, chemical bonding and molecular geometry, intermolecular forces. This introductory course is intended for students who have a knowledge of high school chemistry.
Lectures: Four per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.
(This course is offered at Sir Wilfred Grenfell College only).
NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of the following pairs of courses: Chemistry 1000 and 1001; Chemistry 1200 and 1001).

1810. Elements of Chemistry. Matter, scientific measurement, atomic theory, the periodic table, chemical compounds and elementary bonding theory, the mole, chemical reactions, the chemistry of selected elements, gases, solutions, stoichiometry. This course is specifically intended for those who have no background in chemistry.
Lectures: Four per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.
(This course is offered at Sir Wilfred Grenfell College only).
NOTE: This course may not be used as one of the Chemistry courses required for a B.Sc. Degree with a Specialization in Environmental Science at Sir Wilfred Grenfell College, nor for a Major or Honours in Chemistry, nor towards fulfilment of the 78 credit hours in science courses required for the B.Sc. degree on the St. John’s campus. Credit may be obtained for only one of Chemistry 1810 or Chemistry 1800.

2210. Introductory Inorganic Chemistry. Structural chemistry of the solid state. Introduction to molecular orbital and crystal field theories. Chemistry of the s, p, and d block elements.
Prerequisites: Chemistry 1001 (or 1031 or 1051), Mathematics 1000.
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

2300. Introductory Physical Chemistry. Introductory chemical thermodynamics and equilibria. Complementary laboratory work with an emphasis on quantitative analysis.
Prerequisites: Chemistry 1001 (or 1031 or 1051), Mathematics 1001, Physics 1054 (or 1021).
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

2400. Introductory Organic Chemistry I (F). Bonding involving carbon; conformations and sterochemistry; introduction to functional groups and nomenclature; properties, syntheses and re-actions of hydrocarbons, alkyl halides and alcohols.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 1051 or 1031; or Chemistry 1010 and 1011 with a grade of at least 80% in each; or Chemistry 1011 with a grade of at least 85%; or Chemistry 1001 with a grade of at least 65%.
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.
NOTE: Credit will not be given for more than one of Chemistry 2400, 2420, 2440 and 240A/B.

2401. Introductory Organic Chemistry II (W). An introduction to the interpretation of infrared, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy; properties, syntheses and reactions of ethers, simple aromatic compounds, ketones, aldehydes, amines, carboxylic acids and their derivatives; aldol and related reactions.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 2400.
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.
NOTE: Credit will not be given for more than one of Chemistry 2401, 2420, 2440, and 240A/B.

2440. Organic Chemistry for Biologists. An introduction to the principles of organic chemistry with an emphasis on material relevant to biological molecules. The laboratory will introduce techniques and illustrate concepts covered in the course.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 1011 (or 1001 or 1051).
Lectures: Three per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.
NOTE: This course is designed primarily for Biology Majors. It may not be used for credit by Chemistry or Biochemistry Majors and may not serve as a prerequisite for any other Chemistry course. Credit may be obtained for only one of Chemistry 2400, 2420, 2440, 240A/B.

CLASSICS

1120 and 1121. Elementary Latin. Introduction to the grammar and syntax of Latin, with particular attention paid to the acquisition of basic skills in reading, composition, and aural comprehension.
NOTE: Students may not receive credit for Classics 1120 and 1121 and the former Classics 120A and 120B. Classics 1120 is the prerequisite for Classics 1121.

1130 and 1131. Elementary Ancient Greek. Introduction to the grammar and syntax of ancient Greek, with particular attention paid to the acquisition of basic skills in reading, composition, and aural comprehension.
NOTE: Students may not receive credit for Classics 1130 and 1131 and the former Classics 130A and 130B. Classics 1130 is the prerequisite for Classics 1131.

1100. Introduction to Greek Civilization. A general illustrated survey of the origins and evolution of Ancient Greek Civilization. The course introduces the student to Greek social and political institutions, religion and myth, and achievements in art, philosophy, science and literature, as well as the influence of Ancient Greece on the modern world.
NOTE: Students may not receive credit for Classics 1100 and either of the former Classics 1000 or 2000.

1200. Introduction to Roman Civilization. A general illustrated survey of the origins and evolution of Ancient Rome. The course introduces the student to social, political, and legal institutions, the growth of the Roman Empire, Roman art, literature, and religions, as well as Rome's pervasive influence in the modern world.
NOTE: Students may not receive credit for Classics 1200 and any of Classics 1000, 1101, or 2001.

2010. Greek Art and Architecture. An introduction, through illustrated lectures, to the study of the art and architecture of Ancient Greece.
NOTE: Students may not receive credit for Classics 2010 and either of the former Classics 3100 or 3101.

2015. Roman Art and Architecture. An introduction, through illustrated lectures, to the study of the art and architecture of Ancient Rome.
NOTE: Students may not receive credit for Classics 2015 and either of the former Classics 3100 or 3102.

2020. Hellenistic Civilization. An illustrated survey of the political, social, intellectual and artistic developments in the Mediterranean world and the Near East from the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC until the incorporation of the Kingdom of Egypt in the Roman Empire in 30 BC. Particular attention is given to the fusion of eastern and western thought- patterns and ideologies under the influence of Greek culture.

2035. History of Classical Greece. (Same as History 2035). A survey of Greek History from the Bronze Age to the death of Alexander the Great, with special reference to the social and political institutions of the fifth century, B.C.
NOTE: Students may not receive credit for Classics/History 2035 and either of the former Classics/History 3910 or Classics/History 2030.

2040. History of Rome. (Same as History 2040). A survey of Roman History from the early monarchy to the reign of Constantine with special reference to society and politics in the late Republic and early Empire.
NOTE: Students may not receive credit for Classics/History 2040 and the former Classics/History 3920.

2055. Women in Greece and Rome. An examination of the role of women in ancient Greece and Rome from the perspectives of religion, literature, art, society, and politics. Critical assessments of the scholarship and methodologies (including feminist methodologies) relevant to this topic will be included.

2060. The Heroic Epic in Greece and Rome. A survey of epic poetry from the archaic period to late antiquity, with emphasis on the works of Homer and Vergil.

2701. History of Ancient Philosophy. (Same as Philosophy 2701). A survey of the origin and development of Western philosophy among the Greeks and Romans.

2800. Classical Drama I. A comprehensive study of the development of Greek tragedy and the satyr-play in their social, literary and technical context, through discussions of the origins of Greek tragedy, illustrated lectures on the development and technical aspects of the Greek theatre structures, and comprehensive analyses of plays from the major writers of the genres.
NOTE: Students may not receive credit for both Classics 2800 and Classics 2805.

2801. Classical Drama II. A continuation of the work done in Classics 2800. A comprehensive study of the development of Greek comedy and Roman tragedy and comedy in their social, literary and technical context, through discussions of the origins of Greek comedy and Roman tragedy and comedy, illustrated lectures on the development and technical aspects of the Roman theatre structures, and comprehensive analyses of plays from the major writers of the genres.
Prerequisite: Classics 2800.
NOTE: Students may not receive credit for both Classics 2801 and Classics 2810.

3010. Greek Religion. (Same as Religious Studies 3010). A study of the role of religion in the private and public life of the Greek world.
NOTE: Students may not receive credit for Classics/Religious Studies 3010 and the former Classics/Religious Studies 3121.

3020. Roman Religion. (Same as Religious Studies 3020). A study of the role of religion in the private and public life of the Roman world.
NOTE: Students may not receive credit for Classics/Religious Studies 3020 and the former Classics/Religious Studies 3121.

3110. Greek Literature in Translation. (Same as English 3110.) Representative readings in English of the principal literary forms of Classical Greece. The literary achievement of the Greeks and their contributions to Western letters and culture.

3111. Latin Literature in Translation. (Same as English 3111.) Representative readings in English of the principal literary forms of Republican and Imperial Rome. The literary achievement of the Romans and their contribution to Western letters and culture.

3130. Greek and Roman Mythology. (Same as Folklore 3130). A comparative study of the major myths of Greece and Rome as embodied in the literary and artistic remains of the ancient world with reference to their origins and their influence on later art and literature.

4000. Seminar in Greek History and Society.

4010. Seminar in Roman History and Society.

4020. Seminar in Greek Literature and Culture.

4030. Seminar in Roman Literature and Culture.

COMPUTER SCIENCE

1700. Introduction to Computer Science (F) & (W). This course lays the foundation for the art and the science of computing. The course contains fundamental and topical issues in computers, languages, programming and applications. This course is required of all Computer Science majors but is also available to non-majors.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 1090 or Level III Advanced Mathematics or equivalent.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.
NOTE: Students who have previously completed Computer Science 2700 will not be permitted to register or receive credit for Computer Science 1700.

EARTH SCIENCES

1000. Earth Systems. A survey of the structure, function and interrelations of Earth's lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere. Topics include an exploration of the physical and chemical properties of planetary materials, forces driving and sustaining Earth systems, and biological modifiers (including humankind) on the Earth today.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratories: Three hours per week.

1001. Evolution of Earth Systems. Earth's present structure and environment, the product of 4.5 billion years of planetary evolution, are explored from the rock and fossil record. Examples, illustrated with rocks, fossils and maps, are selected from the geological history of North America, with particular emphasis on Newfoundland and Labrador.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratories: Three hours per week.
Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 1000.

2150. The Solar System (F) (W). Basic astronomy of the Solar System, tracing the search to understand motion of the Sun, Moon and planets in the sky; modern observations of planets, moons, comets, asteroids and meteorites and what they tell us about the origin and evolution of the Solar System.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 1000 (or 1081).
NOTE: Earth Sciences 2150 is designed for students taking Earth Sciences as an elective subject and may only be used as a non- Science elective for Earth Sciences Majors and Earth Sciences Honours students.

ECONOMICS

Economics 2010 and 2020 are prerequisites for all other Economics courses except Economics 2070.

2010. Introduction to Microeconomics I. Scarcity and opportunity cost. Demand and supply. Elasticity. Household demand: marginal utility. Household demand: indifference curves. Production functions. Short-run and long-run cost functions. Perfect competition in the short run and the long run. Monopoly.

2020. Introduction to Macroeconomics. National income accounting, aggregate income analysis, money, banking and foreign trade.

3030. International Economics - Issues and Problems in a Canadian Context. An intermediate course in international economics. The course covers the theory of comparative advantage, the structure and policy issues of the Canadian balance of payments, the foreign exchange market and the institutional aspects of international commerce.

3070. The Structure and Problems of the Newfoundland Economy. An analysis of the structure of the economy of Newfoundland. Basic economic theory will be applied to current economic issues and problems in Newfoundland.

3150. Money and Banking. The operation of the money and bank-ing system, with special emphasis on Canadian problems. Monetary theory will be treated in relation to income theory and foreign trade.

ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Division.

NOTES:

1) One of English 1000, 1050, the former 1100 and one of English 1001, 1051, 1110 are prerequisites for all other courses.
2) Students cannot receive credit for more than one of English 1000, 1050, 1080, 1100 or for more than one of 1001, 1051, 1101, 1102, 1103, and 1110.
3) A student cannot receive credit for more than six credit hours at the first year level. This includes unspecified transfer credits.
4) No students shall register in any course having an initial digit "3" unless they have successfully completed at least six credit hours in courses having an initial digit "2".
5) No students shall register in any course having an initial digit "4" unless they have successfully completed at least six credit hours in courses having an initial digit "3".

ENGLISH CORE COURSES

1000. An introduction to English literature and to the use of the English language with a particular emphasis on composition.

1001. A continuation of the studies begun in English 1000.
Prerequisite: English 1000 or 1050 or the former 1100.

1110. Comprehension, Writing and Prose Style. An introduction to the analysis of prose and to writing for various purposes, including exposition.
Prerequisite: English 1000 or 1050 or 1080 or the former 1100.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
NOTES: 1) Students cannot receive credit for both 1110 and 2010.
2) Students cannot receive credit for both English 1020 and 1110, nor for both 1030 and 1110.

2005. Literary Survey I (The beginnings to 1660). This course introduces students to the major writers by detailed study of selected texts. The course will include such authors as Chaucer, Mallory, Shakespeare, Spenser, Bacon, Webster, Donne and works such as Beowulf, the Old English Elegies and Gawaine and the Green Knight. Recommended for English specialization students that English 2005 be taken first in the English 2005-2006-2007 sequence.
NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of English 2000, 2005, and 2110.

2006. Literary Survey II (1660-1837). This course introduces students to the major writers by detailed study of selected texts. The course will include such authors as Dryden, Pope, Swift, Johnson, Fielding, Blake, Wordsworth, Austen, Byron, Keats and Shelley. Recommended for English specialization students that English 2006 be taken second in the 2005-2006-2007 sequence.

2007. Literary Survey III (1837 to the present). This course introduces students to the major writers by detailed study of selected texts. The course will include such authors as Tennyson, Browning, Arnold, Hardy, George Eliot, Dickens, Yeats, T.S. Eliot and Dylan Thomas. Recommended for English specialization students that English 2007 be taken third in the English 2005-2006-2007 sequence.
NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of English 2001, 2007, and 2111.

3205. Shakespeare Survey. A study of at least eight plays, two from each dramatic mode: comedy, history, tragedy, and romance.
Prerequisite: Two second-year English courses.
NOTE: Students can receive credit for only two of 3200, 3201, 3205 and 3206.

3206. Shakespeare and the Classical Tradition. A study of the relationship between Shakespeare and his major classical sources, with a particular focus on the use of classical literature in the Renaissance.
Prerequisite: Two second-year English courses.
NOTE: Students can receive credit for two of 3200, 3201, 3205, 3206 and 4211.

3395. The Literary Uses of English from the Earliest Times to the Present. An exploration of the development of the English language, as evidenced by its literary uses.
NOTE: Students cannot receive credit for both English 3395 and 2401.

4105. Critical Approaches and Theory. A survey of critical approaches to English Literature, particularly those adopted by twentieth century readers. The course will attempt to give an account of the theories on which these approaches are based and some attention will be paid to the application of different approaches to specific works of literature.
NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of English 4101 and 4105.

4950. Individual Project in English. An individual project of a creative, or a critical, or a research character on a topic which is subject to the approval of the Program Chair. The topic will be prepared under the supervision of a designated faculty member or members.
NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of English 4950 and 4990.

DRAMATIC LITERATURE

2350. Introduction to Drama I. A survey of the major plays in the history of western drama from the Greeks to the end of the eighteenth century.
NOTE: Students cannot receive credit for both English 2002 and 2350.

2351. Introduction to Drama II. A survey of the major plays in the history of western drama from the 19th Century to the present.
NOTE: Students cannot receive credit for both English 2002 and 2351.

3021. English Drama to 1580. A study of the development of English drama from the Middle Ages to 1580. The course may also consider the popular arts, such as folk plays and mumming.

3171. Anglo-Irish Drama. A study of representative Anglo-Irish drama by such authors as Wilde, Shaw, Yeats, Synge, Lady Gregory, O'Casey, Behan, Friel and Molloy.
NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed English 3170 or 3180.

3181. Drama of the Restoration and Eighteenth Century. A study of major dramatic texts from 1660 to the end of the eighteenth century.

3275. Modern Drama (1830-1930). A study of western drama and performance during the period 1830-1930, with a focus on theatrical and dramatic texts and movements, as well as artistic, social, political, technological, and philosophical influences.
NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of English 3275, the former 3300, and 4300.

4302. Contemporary British Drama. A study of representative dramatic works of contemporary British drama.

4305. Contemporary Drama. A study of modern and post-modern western drama and performance from 1930 to the present, with a focus on theatrical and dramatic texts and movements, as well as artistic, social, political, technological and philosophical influences. Recommended previous course: English 3275.
NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of English 4301, the former 3301, and 4305.

4307. Contemporary Canadian Drama. A study of contemporary drama and performance in Canada, focusing on texts representative of Canada's cultural and regional diversity.
NOTE: Students cannot receive credit for both English 3156 and 4307.

4308. 20th Century American Drama. A study of American drama and performance from the turn of the century to the present, focusing on the theatre's historic role in the definition, reinforcement and scrutinizing of American mythology.
NOTE: Students cannot receive credit for both English 3260 and 4308.

4317. Elizabethan-Jacobean Drama. A survey of Shakespeare's dramatic rivals and the Elizabethan and Jacobean repertoires. Prerequisites: English 3200 or 3201.
NOTE: Students cannot receive credit for both English 3022 and 4317.

4836-44. Special Topics in Drama. Supervised study in specialized areas of dramatic literature. Course topic, design, and requirements to be determined through consultation by the student with the instructor.
Prerequisites: Permission of the instructor.

CANADIAN LITERATURE

2146. Canadian Prose after 1949. A study of the outstanding works of Canadian prose from 1949 to the present.
Prerequisite: Two first-year English courses.
NOTE: Students can receive credit for only one of English 2146, English 2150, English 2151 and the former English 3146.

2155. Newfoundland Literature. A study of Newfoundland literature with emphasis on representative writers since 1949.
NOTE: Students cannot receive credit for both English 2155 and 3155.

2156. Canadian Short Stories. A study of Canadian short stories which aims to give the student a heightened appreciation of individual short stories, and some sense of the range of Canadian accomplishment in the genre.

3145. Canadian Fiction to 1949. A study of outstanding works of Canadian fiction from the beginnings to 1949.

3147. Canadian Poetry to 1949. A study of representative Canadian poetry from the pre-confederation period to 1949.

3148. Canadian Poetry After 1949. A study of Canadian poetry from 1949 to the present, with emphasis on the work of major poets and an examination of the various styles and theories of poetry developed during the period.

3149. Canadian Prose. A study of selected works of Canadian prose, covering both fiction and non-fiction.

4307. Contemporary Canadian Drama. See description in dramatic literature list above.
NOTE: Students cannot receive credit for both English 3156 and 4307.

4825-35. Special Topics in Canadian Literature. A variety of topics are available, to be offered as resources permit.

MODERN LITERATURE

2215. American Literature to 1900. A study of the historical origins and development of nineteenth century American Literature, concentrating on a selection of works within their political, social and artistic contexts.
NOTE: Students cannot receive credit for both English 2214 and 2215.

2242. Science Fiction. English 2242 is a survey of Science Fiction from its earliest days to the present. Subjects that will be considered include the evolution of the genre, the relations among humans, technology and multinational capitalism, and the significance of memory and space.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Prerequisite: Students must have completed a first-year English sequence to be eligible for English 2242.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both English 2242 and English 2811.

2705. Modern World Literature in Translation. A study of modern world literature in English translation, with focus on writers of the twentieth century who have attained international stature.

2805. Women's Writing to 1900. A study of writing by women in the British Isles and North America from the Middle Ages to 1900, including such items as letters and journals as well as fiction, poetry, and drama.
NOTE: Students can receive credit for 2805 and only one of 3810 or 3830. (This credit restriction note replaces the note in earlier calendars and is retroactive to September 1, 1993.)

2870. Children's Literature. An introduction to literature written for children and young people. Beginning with an examination of the history of children's literature in the British Isles and North America, the course will focus on twentieth century and contemporary works, touching on a broad range of genres, audiences, and reading levels.

3215. 20th Century American Literature. A study of American poetry and fiction from 1900 to 1960.
NOTE: Students can receive credit for only three of English 3215, 4260, 4261, and 4270.

3216. 20th Century British and Irish Literature. A study of British and Anglo-Irish poetry and fiction from 1900 to 1960.

3810. 20th Century Non-Fiction Writing by Women. A study of twentieth century topical writing by women, including writing about social, political, and artistic and literary questions. Non-traditional as well as traditional genres will be studied.
Prerequisites: English 2805 or permission of the instructor.
NOTE: Students can receive credit for 3810 and only one of 2805 or 3830. (This credit restriction note replaces the note in earlier calendars and is retroactive to September 1, 1993.)

3905. Creative Writing. A workshop course for aspiring writers of poetry and/or fiction. Limited enrolment. Applicants will be required to submit a sampling of their previous and current work.
Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.
NOTE: Students can receive credit for only two of English 3900, 3901, and 3905.

4245. Contemporary Fiction in English. An in-depth study of a selection of recent short fiction and novels in English. The focus will be on recent developments in American, British, Irish and Commonwealth fiction (excluding Canadian).

4246. Contemporary Poetry in English. An in-depth study of contemporary poetry in English. The focus will be on major poets and developments in the U.S.A., Britain, Ireland and the Commonwealth (excluding Canada) since 1945.

4905. Advanced Creative Writing. A workshop course for creative writers who have demonstrated considerable talent and skill in poetry and/or prose fiction. Limited enrolment.
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

ENGLISH COURSES FOR NON-MAJOR STUDENTS

2010. Comprehension, Writing and Prose Style (I). The chief emphasis will be on the development of (a) the capacity to understand and appreciate the varieties of prose through close analysis of a wide range of examples, and (b) the ability to write expository and other kinds of prose.
NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed English 1110.

3110. Greek Literature in Translation. (Same as Classics 3110.) Representative readings in English of the principal literary forms of Classical Greece. The literary achievement of the Greeks and their contributions to Western letters and culture.

3111. Latin Literature in Translation. (Same as Classics 3111.) Representative readings in English of the principal literary forms of Republican and Imperial Rome. The literary achievement of the Romans and their contribution to Western letters and culture.

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE COURSES

For existing MUN courses, the numbers remain the same. For new courses in Environmental Science, the following four-digit scheme is used:
1st digit = Year

2nd digit = Parent Discipline:


0 = Multidisciplinary
1 = Biology
2 = Chemistry
3 = Earth Science
4 = Physics
9 = Project


3rd digit = Subdiscipline:


(Biology)

1 = Botany
2 = Zoology
3 = Ecology

(Chemistry)

1 = Analytical
2 = Inorganic
3 = Physical
4 = Organic

(Multidisciplinary)

5 = Research
8 = Science Writing
6 = Environmental

4th digit = Numerical Sequence

Courses specifically designed for the environmental science program(s) are given the designation "Envs". Thus, for example, in the Winter semester of the 2nd year, Environmental Chemistry is offered, with a course number = Envs 2261.

ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY COURSES

3110. Taxonomy of Flowering Plants. A study of the biodiversity of flowering vascular plants (Magnoliophyta) through the practical identification of Newfoundland families, genera, and species. Related taxonomic and biogeographical principles will be stressed.
Prerequisite: Biology 2010 or equivalent.
Three two-hour laboratory periods per week of integrated practice and theory.
NOTES: 1) Credit can be obtained for only one of ENVS 3110 or Biology 3041.
2) Students must submit a collection of flowering plants identified to the species level. Detailed instructions should be obtained from the instructor in the spring/summer prior to the commencement of this course.

3130. Freshwater Ecology. The study of freshwater ecosystems (lakes, rivers, streams, peatlands). Included are abiotic components, community structures, energy flow, biogeochemical cycles, and the evolution of natural and altered aquatic ecosystems. Emphasis will be placed on field and laboratory studies of the ecology of freshwater organisms and systems in western Newfoundland.
Prerequisites: Biology 2010, 2122, 2600; one of Chemistry 1001 or 2440.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

3131. Impacted Terrestrial Ecosystems. An examination of ecological and evolutionary responses by organisms in terrestrial ecosystems to human-derived and natural perturbations. Advanced conceptual, empirical and experimental approaches will be used, with an emphasis on sampling local habitats.
Prerequisites: Biology 2600; and two of Biology 2010, 2122, 2210 or the permission of the instructor and Program Chair.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of ENVS 3131 or Biology 3610.

4130. Plant Physiological Ecology. A study of the physiological responses of plants to changes in the physical/chemical environment. Field studies of native species in stressful environments are emphasized. Topics include: environmental monitoring, photosynthetic gas exchange, water relations, nutrient relations, and stress physiology.
Prerequisites: Biology 2010, 2600, 3610.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

4132. Analytical Ecology. The assessment of environmental impacts on higher-level ecological systems requires a critical analysis of scientific reports, along with the ability to evaluate ecological terminology and concepts and associated statistical methodologies. Students in this course will critically read and analyze recent scientific literature in Environmental Biology, with selected topics at the community, ecosystem and landscape level, and examine related univariate and multivariate statistical procedures.
Prerequisites: Biology 2600, Statistics 2550 (or equivalent), with six credit hours from the Environmental Science Core (i.c.).
Lectures: Three hours of lectures plus a three-hour laboratory/discussion group each week.

4133. Conservation Biology. This course will bring together the principles of ecology and conservation biology at an advanced level. Current issues and techniques will be discussed with an aim towards understanding how populations of native flora and fauna can be managed for long-term conservation in the face of habitat degradation and loss.
Prerequisites: At least two of ENVS 3110, 3130, and 3131; or per-mission of instructor.
Recommended: ENVS 4132 (formerly Biology 4360)
Three hours of lectures plus a three-hour laboratory/discussion group per week.

4140. Environmental Science Field Course. A course providing practical experience in the observation, collection, identification and quantification of organisms and the various environmental parameters which affect them in pristine and disturbed habitats. Combinations of freshwater, marine and terrestrial habitats will be studied using techniques from various scientific disciplines. The actual combination of habitats, organisms, and techniques will vary from year to year.
Prerequisites: Biology 2600, Statistics 2550, with a minimum of eighty credit hours from Environmental Science Program (or equivalents) and permission of the instructor and Program Chair.
NOTE: See APICS Field Course List at http://www.mun.ca/biology/biologyfcs.html
Transfer of credit regulations apply.

ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY COURSES

2261. Survey of Environmental Chemistry. Introduction to envi-ronmental problems, underlying chemistry and approaches to pollution prevention. Stratospheric chemistry and the ozone layer. Ground level air pollution. Global warming and the Greenhouse Effect. Toxic organic chemicals (TOCs), including herbicides, pesticides. Toxicology of PCBs, dioxins and furans. Chemistry of natural waters. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals. Energy production and its impact on the environment, including nuclear energy, fossil fuels, hydrogen.
Prerequisites: Chemistry 1001 or 1031 or 1051 or 2440 or the permission of the instructor and Program Chair.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

3210. Environmental Analytical Chemistry I. Treatment of data, error analysis, wet methods of analysis of laboratory and field samples. Volumetric methods for acidity, alkalinity and hardness; chemical and biological oxygen demand (COD and BOD). Gravimetric methods for sulphate and phosphates. Theory and application of specific ion electrodes analysis of metal ions, dissolved gases and halide ions. Turbidimetric and nephelometric measures of water quality. Spectrophotometric analysis of trace metal ions.
Prerequisites: Chemistry 2300.
Lectures and Laboratory: Not more than seven hours per week.

3211. Environmental Analytical Chemistry II. Theory and applica-tion of spectroscopic methods of analysis (including error analysis) of environmentally important compounds. Spectrophotometric, FTIR, light scattering, chromatographic (GC, GC/MS, HPLC), fluorescence, phosphorescence, atomic absorption and electroanalytical methods will be studied. Synthetic laboratory samples and field samples will be examined by these techniques.
Prerequisites: Environmental Science 3210 (or equivalent).
Lectures and Laboratory: Not more than seven hours per week.

3260. Industrial Chemistry. Chemical principles used in the manu-facture of inorganic and organic chemical products; electrochemical, petrochemical, polymer, pulp and paper, agricultural, cement, cosmetics, detergent and paint industries. Processes, specific pollutants of current interest: inorganic (e.g. mercury, NOX and SOX gases, lead etc.) and organic (e.g. PCBs, chlorinated hydrocarbons, freons, pesticides/herbicides). Industrial sources and analytical methods of detection will be studied.
Prerequisites: Chemistry 2210, 2401, and Environmental Science 2261 or permission of the instructor and Program Chair.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

3261. Atmospheric Chemistry. Electronic, vibrational and rotational spectroscopy. Rates and mechanisms of gas phase reactions (particularly photochemical). Thermodynamics of the atmosphere. Formation, evolution and structure of the Earth's atmosphere. Chemical and physical properties of the atmospheric gases. Global element cycles. The stratosphere and ozone variability. The iono-sphere. Atmospheric pollutants. Problems of the "greenhouse" gases. Aerosol chemistry. Wet and dry deposition.
Prerequisites: Chemistry 2300, 2210 or the permission of the instructor and Program Chair.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4230. Aquatic Chemistry I. Thermodynamics and kinetics of model systems. Acids and bases (including buffer intensity and neutralizing capacity), dissolved gases, precipitation and dissolution. Metal ions in aqueous solution. Redox control in natural waters. Pourbaix diagrams. Regulation of chemical composition of natural waters, pollution and water quality.
Prerequisites: Environmental Science 3211 or permission of the instructor and Program Chair.
Lectures and Laboratory: Not more than seven hours per week.

4239. Aquatic Chemistry II. Heterogeneous aspects of aquatic chemistry. Surface chemistry of oxides, hydroxides and oxide minerals. Aggregation of colloids and the role of coagulation in natural waters. The oil-water interface. Inorganic and organic complexes in natural waters and problems of specificity.
Prerequisites: Environmental Science 4230.
Lectures and Laboratory: Not more than six hours per week.

4240. Organic Chemistry of Biomolecules. Structure and prop-erties of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, steroids, DNA and RNA. The chemistry of the cell in relation to its toxicology; effects of bioactive agents on cells, organelles, tissues and whole organisms. Natural products including those from the rain forest and marine environments. The role of metal ions in biomolecules. Examples of biosynthesis. Chemistry and mechanisms of mutagenesis and carcinogenesis.
Prerequisites: Chemistry 2401 or 2440 or permission of the instructor and Program Chair.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4249. Environmental Organic Chemistry. Focus on anthropogenic sources of organic chemicals and pollutants in the environment. Concepts of organic chemistry (synthesis, structure, physical properties, chirality, industrial organic processes), biological chemistry (enzymes, oxidative pathways) and physical chemistry (equilibria, partitioning) extended and applied to mass transport through soil, water and air. Kinetics and mechanisms of chemical, photochemical and biological degradation and conversion of organics. Structure-reactivity relationships for organic chemicals and degradation intermediates in the environment.
Prerequisites: Environmental Science 4240, 3261, 4230 or the permission of the instructor and Program Chair.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE COURSES

1000. Introduction to Environmental Science. An introduction to the study of the environment. Environmental principles, issues and problems will be described and placed in a historical and societal context.

2360. Geological Hazards and Natural Disasters. This course will introduce students to the geological aspects of the natural environment and the impacts that natural geological processes and phenomena may have on humanity. The impact of geological hazards and natural disasters on human society and behaviour will be examined through case studies.
Prerequisite: This course is restricted to students with fifteen credit hours or more.

2370. Global Environmental Change. A survey of the Earth as a dynamic system. Discussion of interacting cycles that define the Earth's environment. Material cycles and energy concepts. Evolution of the atmosphere in response to lithospheric, biospheric and hydrospheric changes. Major global environmental changes from Earth's formation to present. Emphasis on self-regulating ability of the Earth system.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Prerequisite: This course is restricted to students with thirty credit hours or more.

2371. Oceanography. Historical review of science of oceanography. Earth and Earth systems (including plate tectonics). Marine sediments and sedimentary environments. Chemical and physical properties of seawater. The atmosphere and the oceans, ocean circulation. Waves and tides, coastal environments, distribution of organisms. Applied oceanography.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Prerequisite: This course is restricted to students who have completed thirty credit hours or more.

2430. Energy and the Environment. Energy, energy conversion, heat transfer, the laws of thermodynamics, nuclear processes and radiation will be treated. Practical problems such as the energy shortage, human influences on climate, resource extraction, nuclear power etc. will be discussed.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 1081 or 1000; Physics 1021 or corequisite 1054.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

2450. Meteorology. Meteorology as an application of physics and mathematics to the study of the atmosphere. Atmospheric motion on the global, synoptic, meso- and micro-scales. An introduction to atmospheric radiation and thermodynamics, clouds and precipitation. Vertical soundings and the analysis and interpretation of surface and upper-air weather maps.
Prerequisites: Physics 1021 or corequisite 1054.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

3072. Comparative Marine Environments. This course will investigate the physical, chemical, geological and biological characteristics of the major marine environments from the coastal zone to the abyss and from the equator to the poles. The objective of the course will be an integrated study of the parameters that define the various environments. Emphasis will be placed on the interaction of organism and environment. The influence of the environment on the form, function and behaviour or organisms and the influence of the organism in modification of the physical environment will be stressed.
Prerequisite: Environmental Science 2371.

3470. Transport Phenomena. Fundamentals of fluid flow. Conservation laws for mass, momentum, and energy. Dimensional analysis. Turbulence. Confined fluid flows. Fundamentals of heat transfer. Conduction, convention, and radiation. Diffusion, dispersion, and osmosis. Applications to transport of pollutants at the microscopic and macroscopic scale.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 1001. Physics 1020 and 1021 or 1050 and 1054.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4000. Environmental Science Seminar. Current topics in environmental science are reviewed and discussed in a seminar format. Seminars will be presented on current research and environmental issues by faculty, students and guest speakers from universities, government and industry.
Prerequisite: This course is restricted to Environmental Science students who have completed eighty credit hours or more.

4069. Fundamentals of Soil Systems. The chemistry and biology of soil, including inorganic soil components, chemistry of soil organic matter, soil equilibria, sorption phenomena on soils, ion exchange processes, kinetics of soil processes, redox chemistry of soils, soil acidity, chemistry of saline and sodic soils, organic pollutants, trace and toxic elements in soils, soil organisms (microbial decomposers, micro and macro biota), organic matter cycling, nutrient cycling and fertility and productivity, soil conservation and sustainable agriculture.
Laboratory will cover a number of key physical, chemical and biological properties and procedures used in soil analyses. One or more field trips will be scheduled during laboratory sessions.
Prerequisites: Biology 2600, Earth Sciences 1000; one of Chemistry 2300, 2401, 2440 and 6 credit hours selected from Environmental Science Core (i.c.).
Lectures and Laboratory: Not more than six hours per week.

4080. Computer-Based Scientific Writing. Scientific English including vocabulary, structure, style and bibliography as used in standard scholarly journals and texts will be taught, with emphasis on the use of microcomputers in scientific word processing. Use will be made of commercial software for the production of scientific documents incorporating chemical structures, mathematical formulae, spectral plots and graphs. Instruction will be given in the manipulation of scanned images and spectral plots as well as spreadsheet usage for data manipulation and graphical display. Databases for information storage and retrieval will also be explored, together with on-line searching strategies, including key-word and citation methodologies.
Lectures and Laboratory: Not more than six hours per week.
Prerequisite: This course is restricted to students who have completed eighty credit hours or more.

4131. Environmental Restoration and Waste Management. Effective ecosystem restoration and remediation involves an interdisciplinary approach. This course will discuss procedures aimed at restoring and rehabilitating ecosystems, with an examination of the scientific basis underlying these procedures. The efficacy of management options, e.g. biomanipulation, microbial degradation and chemical treatments, involved in restoration and waste management will be evaluated. Applications and practical case studies of both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems will be covered.
Prerequisites: Biology 2600, one of Chemistry 2300, 2401, 2440 and 6 credit hours from Environmental Science Core (i.c.).
Lectures: Three hours per week

4479. Groundwater Flow. Groundwater in the hydrologic cycle. Principles of fluid flow through permeable media. Hydraulic properties of soil and rock formations. Groundwater at the local and regional scale. The unit basin model. Groundwater as a transport agent of chemicals and microbes. Groundwater resources, reservoir characterisation, and quality assessment. Groundwater contamination.
Prerequisite: Environmental Science 3470 or the permission of the instructor and Program Chair.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4950. Research Project in Environmental Science I. With the guidance of a faculty member, students will conduct a scientific study based upon original research or a critical review of extant data in an appropriate area. Students are required to submit a report and give a presentation.
Prerequisite: Permission of Program Chair.
NOTE: This project fulfils the Core requirement for a fourth-year individual project in the area of specialization.

4951. Honours Project in Environmental Science I. Under the guidance of a designated supervisor (or supervisors), the student will prepare a thesis proposal including a comprehensive literature review of the subject of their Honours thesis. Students will present the results of their work in both written and oral form.
Prerequisites: This course is restricted to Environmental Science students who have been accepted into the Honours option.

4959. Research Project in Environmental Science II. This is a continuation of Environmental Science 4951 specifically for Honours students. Under the supervision of faculty member(s), students will carry out an original research project in environmental science. Students will present both a thesis and seminar on their research.
Prerequisite: Environmental Science 4951.
NOTE: This course is restricted to honours candidates.

ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES COURSES

New Course Numbering

For existing MUN courses the numbers remain the same. For new courses in Environmental Studies the following scheme is used.
1st digit = year
2nd digit = Program Concentration

0 = common to both concentrations
1 = Environmental Perspectives Concentration
2 = Outdoor Environmental Pursuits Concentration
9 = Project

1000. An Introduction to Environmental Studies. An introduction to a variety of major issues in environmental studies through an examination of a range of case studies including both local problems, such as the impact of outdoor recreation activities on the environment, and global threats, such as stratospheric ozone depletion.
Prerequisites: None.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

2000. Introduction to Mapping, Remote Sensing, and Geographical Information Systems. An introduction to maps, global positioning systems, remote sensing, and geographic information systems. Applications to a broad range of environmental issues will be discussed.
Three hours of lectures and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Geography 1000 or Earth Sciences 1001 and either Mathematics 1000 or any two of the following courses: Mathematics 1080, 1081, 1050, 1051.
NOTE: Students cannot receive credit for both Geography 2195 and Environmental Studies 2000.

2210. Outdoor Environmental Pursuits I. The theoretical rationale and practical skills needed to demonstrate basic proficiency in several of the following activities: minimal impact camping, wilderness cooking, hiking, kayaking, canoeing, navigating with map and compass, outdoor safety, search and rescue, and group management. The major focus of this course will be the practical application of learned skills.
Classes: Three hours of lectures and three hours of practicum per week.
Prerequisite: Royal Lifesaving Society of Canada, RLSS I.
Corequisite: Basic first aid and CPR course.
NOTE: Attendance is required.

2220. Outdoor Environmental Pursuits II. The theoretical rationale and practical skills needed to demonstrate basic proficiency in several of the following activities: cross-country skiing, telemark skiing, downhill skiing, snowshoeing, winter camping, and winter survival techniques. The major focus of this course will be the practical application of learned skills.
Lectures: Three hours of lectures and three hours of practicum per week.
NOTE: Attendance is required.

3000. Issues in Environmental Economics. An analysis of current issues concerning the effects of the economic activities of production and consumption on the natural environment. The concepts of scarcity, abundance, demand, supply, opportunity cost, trade-offs, externalities, marginal benefits and marginal costs will be utilized in examining environmental problems. The social and economic implications of various approaches will also be analyzed.
Prerequisite: Economics 2010.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
NOTE: This course is intended primarily for students in the Environmental Studies Program at Sir Wilfred Grenfell College.

3001. Environmental and Resource Management: Applications of Geographic Information Systems. Applied GIS knowledge and skills in environmental and resource management. The topics cover GIS data sources, data conversions, database design, spatial analysis and decision support systems. Examples of GIS applications in the private and public sectors will be provided.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.
Prerequisite: Environmental Studies 2000. Introduction to Mapping, Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems.

3210. Expedition. This course will consist of one or more extensive expeditions into wilderness areas. A variety of applied topics related to environmental issues, outdoor leadership, and outdoor survival will be covered using an experiential approach.
Expedition: Two weeks (Summer term).
Prerequisites: Environmental Studies 2210 and 2220.
NOTE: Attendance is required.

4000. Environmental Impact Assessment. This course will include an analysis of the different methods of assessing the impacts that investment projects or decision-making processes have on the environment. Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) vary with individual projects and are a vital tool to use in integrated planning of development proposals, policies and programs. Emphasis will be given to assessing the socio-economic impact of development projects.
Prerequisite: Normally open only to fourth-year students in Environmental Studies.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

4010. Seminar in Environmental Studies. A senior seminar in which selected environmental issues will be examined from several disciplinary perspectives.
Prerequisite: Normally open only to fourth-year students in Environmental Studies.
Seminars: Three hours per week.

4950. Independent Research Project. Under the supervision of a faculty member, each student will carry out an approved project in environmental studies and prepare a major paper based on independent research.
Prerequisite: Normally open only to fourth-year students in Environmental Studies.

FOLKLORE

Folklore 1000 (or 2000) is the prerequisite for all other courses in Folklore, except 1050, 1060 and those courses cross-listed with other subject areas.

1000. Introduction to Folklore. The role that tradition plays in communication, art and society will be discussed through an examination of folklore materials from Newfoundland and the English-speaking world. Readings and "listenings" will emphasize the use of folklore in context, e.g., the proverb in speech and the folksong in childrearing. Students will be urged to analyze the traditions in their own lives through special assignments.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
NOTE: A student may not receive credit for both Folklore 1000 and 2000.

1050. Folklore Studies. An examination of specific folklore studies illustrating important themes and approaches in folkloristics. These will include antiquarian, nationalistic, diffusionist, historic-contextual, functional, structural, and performance analyses as typified in selected readings from the works of leading folklorists.
NOTE: There is no prerequisite for this course. However, students should note that they will need to take Folklore 1000 (or 2000) before they can advance to other courses.

2100. Folklore Research Methods - An Introduction. This course is designed to provide the basic introduction to the research resources, tools and methods regularly employed in the area of Folklore. On the one hand, the course will examine what types of Library and Archive resources can be useful to the folklorist and, on the other hand, it will explore how folklorists in fieldwork situations should handle people, and how they can capture for posterity a record of the interviews that they have conducted and the events that they have observed.
NOTE: It is strongly recommended that majors and minors take this course before taking 3000 and 4000 level courses.

2230. Newfoundland Society and Culture. (Same as Sociology/Anthropology 2230). The Sociology and Anthropology of the Island of Newfoundland. The focus is on social and cultural aspects of contemporary island Newfoundland.

2300. Newfoundland Folklore. (Same as Anthropology 2300.) A survey of the various types of Folklore: tale, song, rhyme, riddle, proverb, belief, custom, childlore and others, with stress on their function in the Newfoundland community culture. Individual collection and analysis of materials from the students' home communities, supplemented by data from the M.U.N. Folklore and Language Archive.
Prerequisite: Folklore 1000 or 2000, or Anthropology 1031.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 2300 and the former Folklore 3420.

2401. Folklife Studies. An examination of the traditional cultures of Europe and North America with special reference to Newfoundland. A selection of the following areas will be covered: settlement patterns, architecture, work and leisure patterns in the folk community, calendar customs, rites of passage, folk religion, folk medicine, language and folk culture, folk costume, foodways and folk art.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 2401 and the former Folklore 3500.

2500. Folk Literature. (Same as Anthropology 2500.) An examination of the major genres of folk literature: folk narrative, folk poetry and song, folk drama, and the traditional generic forms within folk speech. An introduction to the textual, comparative and contextual methods of analysis. The literature discussed will be international in scope.
Prerequisite: Folklore 1000 or 2000, or Anthropology 1031.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 2500 and any of the former Folklore 3400, English 3400, Sociology/Anthropology 3400.

2600. Regional Folklore. An examination of human-environment relationships as expressed in traditional culture. Emphasis will be placed upon the history of regional folkloristics as well as the theories and methods of studying folklore from a regional perspective.
Prerequisite: Folklore 1000 or 2000 or instructor's permission.

3130. Greek and Roman Mythology. (Same as Classics 3130.)

3200. Folksong. An introduction to the full range of traditional verse, song and music. Stress primarily on the songs of Canada, the United States and the British Isles, with attention to Newfoundland parallels. Examination of traditional vocal and instrumental styles as well as verse forms. Some reference to non-Western musical traditions. A knowledge of music is not a prerequisite.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 3200 and the former Folklore 2430.

3300. Folk Drama. A survey of the main forms of traditional drama found in Great Britain and North America with reference to related European and non-western traditions. The origins, history and regional variations of these forms will be considered together with questions of social function, performance and aesthetics. The history of research in the area of folk drama will be examined along with related methodological and theoretical issues.

3601-3620. Special Topic in Folklore.

FORESTRY

1010 and Forestry 1011. Introduction to Forestry. To introduce the many aspects of the professional practice of forestry including the multi-dimensionality of forest values and forest management as a design challenge. A problem based approach to learning is used to create learning objectives for the remainder of the program; to begin development of quantative and qualitative skills; to instill the habit of inquiry and to begin development of understanding of social/ethical issues in forestry.
Forestry 1010 is a prerequisite to Forestry 1011.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

1900. Developing Proficiency in Communications. The main objective of this course is the improvement of the communication competency of beginning forestry students. The course will focus on both the written and oral, with emphasis on the former. Forestry 1900 will be linked with the content of Forestry 1010 and 1011.
Lectures: Four hours per week.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Forestry 1900 and Business 2000.

2221. Physiological Ecology of Forest Vegetation. An introductory course in silvics and forest ecology intended to prepare the students for learning about silviculture. Silviculture is the activity of growing trees for future use. The course will cover some of the fundamental principles of silvics (i.e. the physiological ecology of trees) particularly those that are essential for informed decision making in forestry management. Laboratory studies will focus on the identification of some of the common North American tree species by gross morphological and microscopic features.
Prerequisites: Biology 2010, Chemistry 1001 (or equivalent).
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

2222. Forest Climatology. Long- and short-term weather patterns greatly influence the structure and development of forest ecosystems. Forestry 2222 investigates how various aspects of weather and climate act to affect plant and animal populations. Topics will include:
• basic climatology and meteorology concepts
• the effects of weather and climate on forest plant and animal populations over a range of scales of time and space
• the soil-water-air-plant continuum
• energy balance of individual plants and animals as well as entire forests
Four hours of lecture/laboratory per week.

2223. Forest Dynamics and Management. An introduction to forest management and some of the decision making processes employed by foresters. Topics covered will include: forest change over time, and; management goals and objectives. In laboratory exercises students will be involved in a variety of activities concerning forest management issues including the use of models to predict and plan forest development over time.
Prerequisite: Forestry 1011.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

2224. Forest Management Concepts, Human Intervention and the Forest Community. This course will examine some of the actions commonly undertaken in silviculture. A problem-based learning approach will have students develop their understanding and knowledge of many of the techniques commonly used by silviculturists. The effects of the activities will be investigated primarily at the level of forest communities over a range of time scales. The following are among the topics to be covered:
• Fundamentals and mechanics of species and density control
• Financial costs and benefits
Prerequisite: Forestry 1011.
Four hours of lecture/laboratory per week.

2225. Forest Soils. Soils form a critical component in the air-water-soil continuum which is vital to the growth and development of forests. Without soils trees would find it difficult to find the anchorage which enables them to grow as large as they do. It is through the soil medium that forest vegetation receives moisture and nutrients. Forestry 2225 will introduce students to the complex world of forest soils through investigation of the physical, chemical biological and biochemical properties. Soil formation and development will be discussed in regard to parent material, geological processes, climate, topography and other influences.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 1001 (or equivalent).
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

FRENCH

NOTE: Three consecutive credit courses in French language are available at the first-year university level, providing a complete overview of basic oral and written French. New students may choose to register initially in French 1500 or 1501; a diagnostic test is offered to assist students with initial course selection or to confirm that initial course selection is appropriate. Students with a limited background in French should register for French 1500 and continue with 1501. Students with a strong background in high-school French should bypass 1500 and begin their university study with 1501, especially if they intend to proceed beyond the first-year level. Very well prepared students may apply to the Department for permission to enter 1502 directly. Bypassing one or more of these courses may enable students to include a larger number of advanced electives in their degree program. French 1500, 1501 and 1502 require three hours of instruction per week and two additional hours of language laboratory work or conversation class, or both.

1500. Introduction à la langue française, niveau universitaire I.
Voir ci-dessus la note 1.
NOTE: Les étudiants ne peuvent obtenir de crédit pour Français 1500 et l'un ou l'autre des cours Français 1010 et 1011 (désormais supprimés).
1500. Introductory University French I.
See Note 1 above.
NOTE: Students may not receive credit for both 1500 and the former French 1010 or 1011.

1501. Introduction à la langue française, niveau universitaire II.
Voir ci-dessus la note 1.
NOTE: Les étudiants ne peuvent obtenir de crédit pour Français 1501 et Français 1050 (désormais supprimé).
1501. Introductory University French II.
See Note 1 above.
NOTE: Students may not receive credit for both 1501 and the former French 1050.

1502. Introduction à la langue française, niveau universitaire III.
Préalable: 1501, ou la permission du chef de la division.
Voir ci-dessus la note 1.
NOTE: Les étudiants ne peuvent obtenir de crédit pour Français 1502 et Français 1051 (désormais supprimé).
1502. Introductory University French III.
See Note 1 above.
Prerequisite: 1501, or by permission of the head of the division.
NOTE: Students may not receive credit for both 1502 and the former French 1051.

2100. Français intermédiaire I. Rédaction, grammaire et pratique orale.
Préalable: Français 1502.
2100. Intermediate French I. Composition, grammar and practice in oral skills.
Prerequisite: French 1502.

2101. Français intermédiaire II. Continuation du travail de rédaction, de grammaire et de communication orale.
Préalable: Français 2100.
2101. Intermediate French II. Further work in composition, grammar and oral skills.
Prerequisite: French 2100.

2300. Phonétique. Introduction pratique à la phonétique du français. Emploi des symboles de l'alphabet phonétique, transcription phonétique et phonétique corrective.
Préalable: Français 1502 ou équivalent.
2300. Phonetics. A practical introduction to French phonetics, including the International Phonetic Alphabet and phonetic transcription as well as corrective phonetics.
Prerequisite: French 1502 or equivalent.

2601. Apprentissage de la lecture. Les étudiants exploreront des stratégies de lecture qui faciliteront la compréhension de textes divers. Ce cours sera normalement enseigné en français.
Préalables: Français 1502 ou Français 2159, ou équivalent.
NOTE: Les étudiants ayant complété Français 2550 peuvent suivre Français 2601 OU Français 2602, mais pas les deux. Les étudiants ayant complété Français 2551 peuvent suivre Français 2601 OU Français 2602, mais pas les deux. Les étudiants ayant complété Français 2550 et Français 2551 ne peuvent suivre ni Français 2601 ni Français 2602.
2601. Reading Skills. Students will explore reading strategies in a variety of texts in French. This course will normally be taught in French.
Prerequisites: French 1502, or French 2159 or equivalent.
NOTE: Students who have successfully completed French 2550 may take EITHER French 2601 or French 2602, but not both. Students who have successfully completed French 2551 may take EITHER French 2601 or French 2602, but not both. Students who have completed both French 2550 and 2551 may not take either French 2601 or French 2602.

2602. Lecture de textes intégraux. Les étudiants exploreront des stratégies de lecture qui faciliteront la compréhension de textes intégraux. Ce cours sera normalement enseigné en français.
Préalables: Français 1502, ou Français 2159 ou équivalent.
NOTE: Les étudiants ayant complété Français 2550 peuvent suivre Françias 2601 OU Français 2602, mais pas les deux. Les étudiants ayant complété Français 2551 peuvent suivre Français 2601 OU Français 2602, mais pas les deux. Les étudiants ayant complété Français 2550 et Français 2551 ne peuvent suivre ni Français 2601 ni Français 2602.
2602. Reading Complete Texts. Students will explore reading strategies in a variety of complete texts in French. This course will normally be taught in French.
Prerequisites: French 1502, or French 2159 or equivalent.
NOTE: Students who have successfully completed French 2550 may take EITHER French 2601 or French 2602, but not both. Students who have successfully completed French 2551 may take EITHER French 2601 or French 2602, but not both. Students who have completed both French 2550 and 2551 may not take either French 2601 or French 2602.

3100. Grammaire et analyse de textes. Révision des catégories nominale et verbale du français (morphologie, nombre, genre, temps, aspect, mode, voix). Analyse grammaticale et stylistique des textes avec un accent particulier sur l'emploi du verbe en français. Travaux d'expansion lexicale.
Préalables: Français 2101 ou 2160 et au moins un autre cours de français de niveau 2000.
3100. Grammar and Textual Analysis. Revision of the French noun and verb systems (morphology, number, gender, tense, aspect, mood, voice). Grammatical and stylistic textual analysis with special emphasis on the use of verbs in French. Vocabulary enrichment.
Prerequisites: French 2101 or 2160 and at least one other 2000-level course in French.

3101. Stylistique et analyse de textes. Rôle et fonction des parties du discours; exploitation sémantique (synonymie, polysémie); tropes et figures de style. Analyse grammaticale et stylistique de textes avec un accent particulier sur ces phénomènes. Travaux d'expansion lexicale.
Préalables: Français 2101 ou 2160 et au moins un autre cours de français de niveau 2000.
3101. Stylistics and textual analysis. Role and function of the parts of speech in French; semantic enrichment (synonymy, polysemy); tropes and figures of speech. Grammatical and stylistic textual analysis with special emphasis on these phenomena. Vocabulary enrichment.
Prerequisites: French 2101 or 2160 and at least one other 2000-level course in French.

GEOGRAPHY

Geography 1010 and 1011 are normally prerequisite to other courses in the core. This prerequisite may be waived in special circumstances with the permission of the Head of the Division. For the purposes of requirements and prerequisites, Geography 1000 and 1001 are understood to be equivalents to 1010 and 1011.

1000. Introduction to Geography I. An introduction to Geography incorporating concepts, skills and techniques used by the geographer to understand the Earth as the home of man. The major emphasis of the course is placed on man-environmental ecological systems. The course will include seminars and practical work.

1001. Introduction to Geography II. A continuation of introduction to basic concepts and techniques in the field of Geography. This course emphasizes Geography as a social science and introduces the sub-fields of political, economic, cultural and urban Geography. The course will include seminars and practical work.
Prerequisite: Geography 1000.

2001. Cultural Geography. An examination of the basic themes of cultural Geography.

2102. Physical Geography. An examination of the natural phenomena of the earth's surface in the context of the human environment. Physical systems of the earth, weather and climate, vegetation and soils and landforms are described and analyzed.
Prerequisite: Geography 1000.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for 2102 and the former 2100 or 2101.

2220. Research Design and Quantitative Methods in Geography. An introduction to principles of research design, and to the use of quantitative techniques. The techniques examined include basic nonparametric and parametric statistical tools, as well as an introduction to modelling. Practical exercises, many of them computer based, are an essential part of the course.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 1000 or 1051 or 1081.

2302. Issues in Economic Geography. Basic issues and ideas in economic geography. The development of a regional economy will be related to underlying economic, cultural and physical factors.

3325. Natural Resources. (Formerly 2320). An introduction to the concepts of natural resources, environment and conservation; the nature and distribution of natural resources; methods of use, allocation and development of natural resources and the role of various physical, social, economic, political and technological factors influencing decision-making about resources. (B)
Prerequisite: Geography 2302.

3900-3909. Special Topics in Geography. Topics to be studied will be announced.
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.

4405. Outdoor Recreational Resources and Planning. An introduction to the major themes and techniques in the study of outdoor recreation. A theoretical framework will provide a base for the evaluation of the complex issues involved in managing a physical resource for recreational purposes. North American examples will be emphasised.
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: Geography 3325.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Geography 4405 and Geography 4909.


HISTORY

1100. Introduction to History. An introduction to the study and writing of history which will emphasize the concepts of history through a thematic approach to the history of western civilization from ca. 1300 to the eighteenth century. (Offered only at Sir Wilfred Grenfell College.)
NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed History 1000.

1101. Introduction to History. An introduction to the study and writing of history which will emphasize the concepts of history through a combination of research and writing within a thematic approach to the history of western civilization from the eighteenth century to the twentieth century. (Offered only at Sir Wilfred Grenfell College.)
NOTE: This course may not be taken for credit by students who have completed History 1001. Students in their first year normally take History 1100 and History 1101.

2035. History of Classical Greece. (Same as Classics 2035). A survey of Greek history from the Bronze Age to the death of Alexander the Great, with special reference to the social and political institutions of the fifth century B.C.
NOTE: Students who have completed History/Classics 2030 since 1985-86 or the former History/Classics 3910 may not also receive credit for History/Classics 2035.

2040. History of Rome. (Same as Classics 2040). A survey of Roman history from the early monarchy to the reign of Constantine, with special reference to society and politics in the late Republic and early Empire.
NOTE: Students who have completed History/Classics 3920 may not also receive credit for History 2040.

2100. Empires of the North Atlantic, 1500-1820. This course will examine European expansion across the Atlantic to North America, the attempt to take possession of that continent through commercial investment and colonies, and the way in which European colonies were transformed into new societies.

2120. The History of Canadian-American Relations, 1783 to the Present.A survey of the major themes in the history of Canadian-American relations, from the American Revolution to the present. Emphasis will be placed on economic, social, political and cultural developments.

2200. Canadian History: 1497-1867. A survey of Canadian History from the era of discovery to Confederation.

2210. Canada Since 1867. A survey of Canadian History since Confederation.

2300. Introduction to Modern European History: 1500-1789. An introduction to the main issues and problems in early modern European History with an emphasis on the political, social, economic and cultural developments from the sixteenth through the eighteenth century.

2310. Europe in the Nineteenth Century: 1789-1914. A survey of the economic, social, political and cultural developments of Europe from 1789-1914.

2320. Medieval Europe to 1050. A survey of the economic, social, political and cultural developments of the early Middle Ages.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both History 2330 and the former History 2030.

2330. Medieval Europe, 1050 to the Reformation. A survey of the economic, social, political and cultural developments of Europe in the high and late Middle Ages.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both History 2330 and the former History 2030.

2500. The Twentieth Century, I. A study of the world-wide impact of the main events and developments in the age of global interdependence.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both History 2500 and the former History 3700.

2700. Art History Survey I. (Same as Visual Arts 2700) The history of art from pre-historic times to the Renaissance.

2701. Art History Survey II. (Same as Visual Arts 2701) The history of art from the Renaissance to the 20th century.

3050. History of Warfare to 1789. A survey of major developments in the history of warfare from the earliest times to 1789 with particular emphasis on changes in the nature and conduct of warfare, the evolution of military thinking, the organization of military and naval forces, the impact of technological change, the emergence of professionalism and the relationship between societies and armed forces.

3060. History of Modern Warfare since 1789. An examination of those major developments which have affected the nature and conduct of warfare in the period since 1789, with particular emphasis on the evolution of military thinking, the impact of technology on organization and planning, the role of air power, the civil-military relationship, professionalism in the armed forces, and the changing nature of warfare: the emergence of total war, global war, guerilla warfare, and limited warfare.

3100. History of the Maritime Provinces of Canada Since 1600. The evolution of the varied societies in the Maritime provinces from the beginning of permanent European settlement.

3110. History of Newfoundland to 1815. The growth of settlement and the manner in which a `migratory' fishery carried on from England and Ireland changed into a `sedentary' fishery carried on by residents of Newfoundland.

3120. Modern Newfoundland Since 1815. The establishment and development of political institutions, changes in economic structure and the growth of populations.

3440. History of the British Empire and Commonwealth since 1815. The transition from British Empire to Commonwealth of Nations.

3450. British History: 1485-1714. The emergence of Britain under the Tudors and early Stuart monarchs.

3460. British History Since 1714. British History from the accession of the Hanoverians to the welfare state.

3490. History of Ireland Since the Great Famine. A survey of Irish history from the mid-nineteenth century to the present.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both History 3490 and the former History 3470.

3520. The Early Ethnohistory of North America's Native People. (Same as Anthropology 3520). The North American native response to early European contact and initial settlement. Particular attention will be paid to cultural change resulting from the adoption of European goods, participation in the fur trade, the introduction of European disease, and the adaptation to a permanent European presence.

3525. The Later Ethnohistory of North America's Native People. (Same as Anthropology 3525). Indian and Inuit cultural history of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth centuries, including the fur trade, resistance and accommodation to European expansion, the emergence of revitalization movements, demographic changes, and population shifts. Special emphasis will be placed on the ethnohistory of the native peoples of what is now Canada and northern United States.

3700. Art History: The Italian Renaissance. (Same as Visual Arts 3700) An overview of the art and architecture of Renaissance Italy with an emphasis upon the historical context in which art was produced.

3701. Art History: The Renaissance Outside Italy. (Same as Visual Arts 3701) The Renaissance outside Italy from the late Fourteenth century and the international style through the 16th century.

3770. Women in Western Society and Culture, (II). Selected themes in the history of women in the modern period with a focus on cultural attitudes toward women, demographic trends affecting women, the impact of changing economic roles, and the development of feminism.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both History 3770 and the former History 3761.

3840. Historical Methods. An introduction to the methods and practices of history in the modern era. This course is compulsory for Honours students and recommended for Majors, including those intending to apply for graduate studies.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both History 3840 and the former History 4801.

4230. Special Topics in Newfoundland History, I. Specialized studies in the History of Newfoundland.

4231. Special Topics in Newfoundland History, II. See description for 4230.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both History 4231 and Political Science 4731.

4254. Special Topics in Canadian History: A History of Social Welfare.A study of the broad theme of the state and social welfare in Canada. It examines the origins of modern forms of social control as evidenced in the nineteenth century prison, the lunatic asylum, and the poorhouse. As well, it compares Canadian and British and American social welfare institutions and policies, and traces their historical evolution into the twentieth century.

4320. Special Topics in European History: The British Empire, 1688 to the Present.

4410-4430. Historical Problems. Specialized studies in historical problems.

4560-4570. Special Topics in Social and Intellectual History. Specialized studies in social and intellectual history.

4730. Art History: Modern Art I. (Same as Visual Arts 4730) An examination of the cultural, social, and political forces which, from 1750 to 1850, were to have a major impact on modernity and later modern art.
Prerequisites/Co-requisites: Six credit hours in art history or permission of the chair of the Visual Arts Program.

4731. Art History: Modern Art II. (Same as Visual Arts 4731) An examination of the various cultural and social forces between 1850 and 1914 which shaped the rise of the Modern movement.
Prerequisites/Co-requisites: Six credit hours in art history or permission of the chair of the Visual Arts Program.

4821. (F) & (W) Reading Course. Directed reading course for Honours and selected students including those intending to apply for graduate studies. Readings will be taken from a list of significant works in History, the Humanities, and the Social Sciences.
Prerequisite: Permission of the Program Chair.

4950. Independent Project in Historical Studies. Students will complete an independent research project under the supervision of a faculty member or members. Topics must have the approval of the Program Chair of History.
Prerequisite: Students must normally have taken History 3840 and nine other History courses.

HUMAN KINETICS AND RECREATION (HKR)

3555. Outdoor Recreation Management. An overview of outdoor recreation practices in Newfoundland and Canada. This course will examine the management of resources, conservation education and practices, development for public use or exclusion; legislation related to management of risk; viability of facilities; national and provincial agencies; private commercial ventures; and future trends in management. Management strategies will form a major part of the course.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for RECR 3555 and the former PHSD 3550.

3565. Tourism/Commercial Recreation. The course will examine behavioral factors influencing tourism; promotion of commercial recreation attractions; provincial strategies in travel and tourism; problems of leisure travel; stability of entrepreneurial ventures in tourism; and research and planning strategies relevant to commercial ventures.
Lectures: Three hours per week
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for RECR 3565 and the former PHSD 3560.

4555. Leadership and Supervision in Recreation. Need, selection, training and supervision of leaders in recreation. Certification, standards and professional organizations. Evaluation of leadership - materials and methods used. Practical exposure to roles of both leader and supervisor through seminar and related fieldwork.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for RECR 4555 and the former PHSD 4550.

4575. Recreation Ethics, Issues and Trends. The course will explore contemporary trends and issues identified by governments and recreation practitioners and the way in which these issues influence the delivery of leisure services.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for RECR 4575 and the former PHSD 4570.

HUMANITIES

3000. Perspectives in Humanities. This course will explore the role played by the Humanities in the history of Western Civilization. It will introduce the student to the various interpretations of human experience and activities as provided by the disciplines that belong to Humanities.
Prerequisite: Six credit hours at the 2000-level in any of the Humanities Disciplines.
NOTE: Humanities 3000 will be available to all students (subject to the above prerequisite) at SWGC.

4000. Concepts and Issues in Humanities. This is a seminar course in which themes having common interest to the Humanities will be discussed from the perspectives of the various disciplines.
Prerequisite: HUMA 3000 or the permission of the Chair of Humanities.
NOTE: HUMA 4000 is open only to students enrolled in the Humanities Program.

4950. Independent Project in Humanities. Students will complete an independent research project under the supervision of a faculty member or members. Topics must have the approval of the Program Chair of Humanities.

MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS

REGULATIONS

With the exception of students who graduate with the B.Ed. (Primary or Elementary), at most nine credit hours in Mathematics will be given for courses completed from the following list subject to normal credit restrictions: 1000, 1031, 1050, 1051, 1080, 1081, 1090, 1150, 1151.

102F, 103F, and 104F. Mathematics Skills Program. Non-credit courses intended for those students who either have a weak background in mathematics or are returning to the subject after some years. The program enables students to master mathematical operations such as those involving whole numbers, fractions, decimals, percents, integers, exponents, linear equations, algebraic and rational expressions, formulas, graphs, systems of linear equations, basic trigonometry, exponents and radicals, and quadratics.

1000. Calculus I. An introduction to differential Calculus including logarithmic, exponential and trigonometric functions.
Three hours of lecture per week and a one and one-half hour laboratory period per week.
Prerequisite: Level III Advanced Mathematics.
NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both Mathematics 1000 and Mathematics 1080, nor for both Mathematics 1000 and Mathematics 1081.

1001. Calculus II. An introduction to integral Calculus with applications. In addition to three lectures per week there will be a one and one-half hour problem lab.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 1000 or 1081.
NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both M 1001 and either Engineering 1411 or Engineering 2413.

1050. Finite Mathematics I. Topics covered include sets, logic, permutations, combinations, elementary probability, and descriptive statistics.
Three hours of lecture per week and a one and one-half hour laboratory period per week.
Prerequisite: A combination of placement test and high school mathematics scores acceptable to the department (See regulation 1) above), or Mathematics 103F.
NOTES: 1) With the exception of those already admitted at the time of registration in this course to a B.Ed. program that requires this course, students who already have obtained credit for six or more Mathematics credit hours numbered 2000 or above are not permitted to register for this course nor can they receive credit for it.
2) Credit cannot be obtained for M 1050 and the former Mathematics 1150.

1051. Finite Mathematics II. Topics covered include elementary matrices, linear programming, elementary number theory, mathematical systems and geometry.
Three hours of lecture per week and a one and one-half hour laboratory period per week.
Prerequisite: A combination of placement test and high school mathematics scores acceptable to the department (See regulation 1) above), or Mathematics 103F.
NOTES: 1) With the exception of those already admitted at the time of registration in this course to a B.Ed. program that requires this course, students who already have obtained credit for six or more Mathematics credit hours numbered 2000 or above are not permitted to register for this course nor can they receive credit for it.
2) Credit cannot be obtained for M 1051 and the former Mathematics 1151.

1090. Algebra and Trigonometry (F)(W). This course provides students with the essential prerequisite elements for the study of an introductory course in calculus. Topics include algebra, functions and their graphs, exponential and logarithmic functions, trigonometry, polynomials, and rational functions.
Three hours of lecture and a three hour laboratory period per week.
Prerequisite: A combination of placement test and high school Mathematics scores acceptable to the department (See regulation 1) above) or Mathematics 104F.
NOTE: Students will not receive credit for Mathematics 1090 if they have previously received credit or are currently registered for M1000, M1001, M1080, or M1081.

2000. Calculus III. A study of the differential calculus of functions of two variables, an introduction to convergence of infinite sequences and series. In addition to three lectures per week there will be a one and one-half hour problem lab.
Prerequisite: M 1001.
NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both M 2000 and any of Engineering 1411, Engineering 1412, Engineering 2412, Engineering 2413.

2001. Introductory Real Analysis. Analysis on the real line, number systems, functions, sequences, limits, continuity, uniform continuity, differentiation.
Prerequisite: M 2000.

2050. Linear Algebra I. Topics include Euclidean n-space, vector operations in R2 and R3, complex numbers, linear transformations on Rn, matrices, determinants, and systems of linear equations.
Prerequisite: M 1000 or M 1081 or M 1051.
NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both M 2050 and Engineering 2402.

2051. Linear Algebra II. Topics include real and complex vector spaces, basis, dimension, change of basis, eigenvectors, inner products, and diagonalization of Hermitian matrices.
Prerequisite: M 2050.

2090. Mathematics of Finance. Topics covered are: simple and compound interest and discount, forces of interest and discount, equations of value, annuities and perpetuities, amortization schedules and sinking funds, bonds and other securities.
Prerequisite: M 1001.

2320. Discrete Mathematics. Topics include fundamental principles of counting, sets and set operations, principle of inclusion-exclusion, relations including equivalence relations and partial orders, search and sort algorithms, basic properties of integers including well-ordering, mathematical induction, the division and Euclidean algorithms, and fundamental theorem of arithmetic.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 1001 or Mathematics 2050.

2500. Statistics for Business and Arts Students. Descriptive statistics (including histograms, stem-and-leaf plots and box plots), elementary probability, discrete random variables, the binomial distribution, the normal distribution, sampling distribution, estimation and hypothesis testing including both one and two sample tests, paired comparisons, chi-square test, correlation and regression. Related applications.
Prerequisite: M1000 or six credit hours in first year courses in Mathematics or registration in at least semester 3 of a B.N. program or permission of the head of department.
NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of ST2500, ST2510, ST2550, and Psychology 2900. Normally offered twice a year, including the fall.Statistical computer package will be use in the laboratory, but no prior computing experience is assumed.

2510. Statistics for Science Students I. (Same as Engineering 2421). Descriptive statistics, elementary probability, discrete probability distributions, the normal distribution, introduction to statistical inference, t-test, chi-square test, correlation and regression, applications to scientific disciplines.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 1000 or Mathematics 1081.
NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of ST 2500, ST 2510 and Psychology 2900.

2511. Statistics for Science Students II. Data presentation, estimation and hypothesis testing in two-sample problems, analysis of variance, multiple regression, nonparametric tests, special topics, applications to scientific disciplines. Statistical computer packages will be used in this course.
Prerequisite: ST 2510.
NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of Statistics 2501, Statistics 2511 and Psychology 2901.

2550. Statistics for Life Science Students. An introduction to basic statistical methods with an emphasis on those aspects applicable to the life sciences and, in particular, to biology. Statistical computer packages will be used in this course.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 1000 or Mathematics 1081.
NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both ST 2550 and any of ST 2500, ST 2501, ST 2510, ST 2511, Psychology 2900, and Psychology 2901.

PHILOSOPHY

In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Division.

1001. Philosophy of Human Nature. An approach to philosophical thinking by way of analysis and critique of theories of human nature, classical and modern, and the world views associated with them.

1200. Principles of Philosophy. A general introduction to the study of Philosophy both as a contemporary intellectual discipline and as a body of knowledge. The course covers the main divisions, fundamental questions and essential terminology of Philosophy through a reading of classical texts (It is a required course for further courses in Philosophy programs. It is intended for students in first year who have completed one semester of university education).

2200. Principles of Philosophy. (Same as 1200 above but offered to students beyond first year.)
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both 1200 and 2200.

2210. Logic. An introduction to traditional and modern logic open in any year to all students wishing acquaintance with basic logical skills.
No prerequisite.

2220. Principles of Human Knowledge. Various concepts of knowledge - empirical, rational, transcendental, systematic. Their metaphysical grounds and implications. The concept of scientific knowledge; real and abstract entities; objectivity and subjectivity.

2230. Moral Philosophy. The sources and validity of ethical principles which underlie individual and social action.

2701. History of Ancient Philosophy (Same as Classics 2701). A survey of the origin and development of Western philosophy among the Greeks and Romans.

2702. History of Modern Philosophy. A survey of the development of western Philosophy since the seventeenth century.
NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only ONE of 3700, 3701, 2702.

2800-2810. Contemporary Issues. Each course in this series is defined by its aim: to provide students with an opportunity to develop the philosophical dimension primarily, in areas of practical concern. Issues dealt with are chiefly contemporary ones: technology, bioethics, leisure, professional ethics, role of education, materialism, human rights and others of the kind.

3400. Political Philosophy. Leading philosophical ideas con-cerning the origin and justification of political institutions.

3600. Philosophy of the Humanities. Expression and interpretation in the humanistic disciplines: theology, history, art and literature, language. Philosophical Hermeneutics.

3610. Philosophy and Literature. A study of the interrelationship of thought and imagination in philosophical and literary forms of writing.

3730. Plato. Selections from the works of the Greek "lovers of wisdom" - the first philosophers - particularly Plato.

3740. Aristotle. The works and legacy of perhaps the most influential systematic thinker of all time.

3800. Descartes. A systematic introduction to the works and thought of the "father of modern philosophy".

3840. Hume. A study of the work and influence of Hume on theories of knowledge, metaphysics and moral philosophy.

3850. Kant's Theory of Knowledge. An introduction to the work of one of the most influential thinkers of the modern era, concentrating on his theory of knowledge, particularly as stated in the Critique of Pure Reason.

3860. Hegel. Selections from Hegel's system with emphasis on the nature of dialectical and speculative philosophy and its enormous influence in the present time.

3940. Existentialism. The philosophy and literature of Existentialism from Kierkegaard, Nietzsche and Dostoevsky to Sartre, de Beauvoir and Camus.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both 3980 and 3940.

4250. Seminar in Metaphysics and Epistemology.

4700. Seminar in Special Authors and Texts.

PHYSICS

1020. Introductory Physics I (F). A non-calculus based intro-duction to mechanics.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 1000 or 1080, which may be taken concurrently. It is recommended that students have completed at least one of level II and level III high school physics courses, however this course may be completed by someone who has no physics background provided some extra effort is made.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory and/or Tutorial: Up to three hours per week.

1021. Introductory Physics II (W). A non-calculus based introduction to fluids, wave motion, light, optics, electricity and magnetism.
Prerequisite: Physics 1020 or 1050. Mathematics 1000 or 1081, which may be taken concurrently.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory and/or Tutorial: Up to three hours per week.

1050. General Physics I: Mechanics (F). A calculus based introduction to mechanics. The course will emphasize problem solving.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 1000, which may be taken concurrently.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratories: Normally six three-hour sessions per semester.
Tutorials: Optional tutorials will be available, on average one hour per week.

1054. General Physics II: Computational Physics and Data Analysis (W). An introduction to computer-based data acquisition and analysis, numerical analysis, and problem solving. These processes are combined with introductions to probability and statistics, complex numbers and matrix algebra, with particular application to oscillations and waves.
Prerequisites: Physics 1050 or 1020 and Mathematics 1001. Math 1001 may be taken concurrently.
Lectures and Laboratories: Up to five hours per week

2053. General Physics III: Fluids and Thermal Physics (F). Introduction to sound, elasticity, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, kinetic theory and statistical mechanics.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 1001, Physics 1050 (or 1020 and 1021), and Physics 1054. Mathematics 1001 and Physics 1054 may be taken concurrently.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

2054. General Physics IV: Electromagnetism, Light and Optics (F) & (W). Electrostatics, currents and Ohm's law, magnetism, electromagnetic induction, electromagnetic waves, geometric optics, interference and diffraction.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 1001, Physics 1050 (or 1020 and 1021), and Physics 1054. Mathematics 1001 and Physics 1054 may be taken concurrently.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

2055. General Physics V: Electricity and Magnetism (W). Gauss' Law, the electrostatic potential, capacitance, magnetic forces and the magnetic field, electromagnetic induction, magnetic materials, ac circuits, superconductivity, the displacement current and Maxwell's equations.
Prerequisites: Math 2000 and Physics 2054. Math 2000 may be taken concurrently.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

2056. General Physics VI: Modern Physics (W). Special relativity, quanta of light, atomic structure and spectral lines, quantum structure of atoms and molecules, nuclei and elementary particles.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 1001, Physics 1050 (or 1020 and 1021), and Physics 1054. Mathematics 1001 and Physics 1054 may be taken concurrently.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratory: Three hours per week.

2151. Stellar Astronomy and Astrophysics (W). Atomic structure and spectra. The sun: radiation, energetics, magnetic field. Stars: distance, velocity, size, atmospheres, interiors. Variable stars, multiple stars, clusters and stellar associations. Stellar evolution, interstellar matter, structure of the Milky Way Galaxy. Exterior galaxies, quasi-stellar objects, pulsars. Cosmology.
Prerequisites: Six credit hours in Mathematics at the first year level.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

POLITICAL SCIENCE

1000. Introduction to Politics. An introduction to basic concepts in the study of politics, emphasizing the Canadian system of government and its relationship with the Canadian society.

1010. Canadian Political Problems. Analysis of the operation of the Canadian political system through close examination of three selected policy problems, such as poverty in Canada, Canadian-United States relations and French Canada.

1020. World Political Problems. An introduction to contemporary issues in world politics. The course will examine selected issues and the manner in which these reflect interests and ideologies and the larger political and economic context in which they occur.

2000. Introduction to Political Thought. A survey of the most important political thinkers and schools of political thought in the Western political tradition. The course will ordinarily cover political thinkers from Plato to Marx and include a selection of contemporary political ideologies.

2200. Introduction to International Politics. An examination of the "building blocks" of international politics including determinants, means, processes and ends. Emphasis is on the post-1945 period.

2300. Introduction to Comparative Politics. An introduction to comparative analysis focusing on the differences and similarities among liberal democratic, Communist, and third world political systems.

2500. Introduction to Political Behaviour. A survey of informal and behavioural aspects of politics, focusing on citizen participation in Canada and other societies. Topics will include political socialization, public opinion, the electoral process, and dynamics of leadership, influence and persuasion. An empirical approach will be emphasized.

2710. Introduction to Canadian Politics I. An introductory survey of the structure, operation, and inter-relationships of the institutions of government at the federal level in Canada. Topics to be examined include the constitution, federalism, parliament, the executive, and the judiciary.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for either Political Science 2710 or 2711 and the former Political Science 2700.

2711. Introduction to Canadian Politics II. An introductory survey of the Canadian political process. The course will explore the linkages between Canadian society and political institutions. Topics to be examined include political culture, political parties, the electoral system, voting behaviour, interest groups, the mass media and politics, protest movements and elites and social classes.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for either Political Science 2710 or 2711 and the former Political Science 2700.

3550. Politics and the Environment. An examination of the environmentalist movement, interest groups, and green parties; the impact of environmentalism on conventional parties and public opinion; and the dynamics of support for and opposition to the achievement of environmentalist objectives.
Prerequisites: None.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

3731. Environmental Policy. An examination of the formation, implementation, and impact of public policies concerning the environment including an examination of different policy approaches and the problems of environmental regulation.
Prerequisites: None.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

PSYCHOLOGY

Psychology 1000 and 1001 are prerequisites for all Psychology courses.

1000 and 1001. Introduction to Psychology. An introduction to Psychology as a biological and social science. Topics shall include research methodology, physiological processes, perception, learning, memory and cognition, human development, animal behaviour, emotion, motivation, consciousness, personality and individuality, psychological disorders and treatment, and social psychology.
Psychology 1000 is a prerequisite for Psychology 1001.

2925. Research Methods and Data Analysis in Psychology I. This course will cover basic research methods and supporting statistical concepts and techniques. Basic methods will include observational techniques, correlational studies, and surveys. Supporting statistical concepts will include populations and samples, measures of central tendency and variability, basic probability, correlation, simple linear regression and validity and reliability. Supporting statistical techniques will include producing tables and graphs, and the calculation and interpretation of measures of central tendency, variability, probabilities, correlation, and simple linear regression. Students will also learn how to write a description of a simple study in basic APA style, and how to use a statistical package to analyze surveys and calculate correlation. Basic ethical principles in conducting research will be introduced. This course includes a weekly laboratory.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 1000 or any two of the following courses: Mathematics 1090, 1050, 1051.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Psychology 2925 and any of the following: Psychology 2900, Statistics 2500, Statistics 2510, Statistics 2550.

2950. Research Methods and Data Analysis in Psychology II. This course will cover basic experimental methods and supporting statistical concepts and techniques. Basic designs will include one factor designs (independent and repeated measures). Supporting statistical concepts will include statistical sampling distributions (t and F), internal and external validity, hypothesis testing, and simple interactions. Supporting statistical techniques will include independent and repeated measures t-tests, one-factor independent and repeated measures ANOVA, and selected multiple comparisons techniques. Students will also learn how to write a description of an experiment in APA style, how to critically analyze a report of an experiment, how to use and interpret a statistical package to analyze experimental data, and how to conduct literature searches.
This course includes a weekly laboratory.
Prerequisite: Psychology 2925 or equivalent.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Psychology 2950 and any of the following: Psychology 2901, Statistics 2501, Statistics 2560.

3950. Research Methods and Data Analysis in Psychology III. This course will cover advanced research methods, including survey methods, and supporting statistical concepts and techniques. Designs will include single factor designs and multi-factor designs with both random and fixed factors. Supporting statistical concepts will include analysis of variance (ANOVA) from a linear model perspective, statistical power, and multiple regression, including model building. There may be a general introduction to multivariate statistical techniques. Ethical issues in research will be discussed in detail. Students will be required to design and carry out at least one research project from the design to the writeup stage, including an ethics review.
This course includes a weekly laboratory.
Prerequisite: Psychology 2950 or equivalent.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Psychology 3950 and any of the following: Psychology 3900, Statistics 3520, the former Psychology 3520.

SURVEY COURSES

2025. Survey of Developmental Psychology. A survey of the cognitive, social, and personality development of people. Development will be tracked from the prenatal stage to old age. Topics to be studied shall include: research methodology, genetics, prenatal development, environmental effects during prenatal development, attachment, emotional development, language development, intelligence, cognitive development, socialization, sex-roles and gender identity, adolescence, adulthood and aging.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Psychology 2025 and either of Psychology 2010 or 2011.

2125. Survey of Social Psychology. A survey of how the behaviour of individuals is influenced by others. Topics to be studied shall include: methodology and ethics, social cognition, social perception, attitude formation and change, interpersonal attraction, social influence, group processes and leadership. Additional topics may include: aggression, prosocial behaviour, sex and gender, environmental effects, organizational behaviour, health, stress and psychology and the law.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Psychology 2125 and either of Psychology 2100 or 2120.

2225. Survey of Learning. A survey of learning phenomena and learning theories. Topics to be studied shall include: the evolutionary context of learning, habituation and sensitization, imprinting, Pavlovian conditioning, instrumental learning, generalization and discrimination in learning and neural mechanisms of learning.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Psychology 2225 and either of Psychology 2240 or 2250.

2425. Survey of Cognitive Psychology. A survey of how humans process and retain information. Topics to be studied shall include: perception and pattern recognition, attentional processes and memory. The influence of stored information on selected behaviours will be considered. Selected behaviours may include language processing, concept formation, problem solving, decision making and practised and skilled performance.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Psychology 2425 and either of Psychology 2440 or 3450.

2625. Survey of Personality. A survey of the theories of personality and relevant selected areas of research in the area of personality. Issues related to the application of this information to understanding abnormal behaviour will also be discussed. Theoretical systems covered will include: psychodynamic theory, behaviourism and cognitive-behavioural theory, humanism, traits and dispositions, social learning theory, psychological constructivism, information processing and biological theories of personality.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 2625 and any of the following: Psychology 2610, Psychology 2620, and the former Psychology 2200.

2825. Survey of Biological Psychology. A survey of the biological bases of behaviour. Topics to be studied shall include: the structure and function of the nervous system, sensory structures and sensory coding, homeostasis, emotions, circadian rhythms and sleep, sexual behaviour, psychopharmacology, consciousness and language, behavioural evolution and behaviour genetics.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Psychology 2825 and either of Psychology 2810 or 2850.

CONTEMPORARY ISSUES COURSES

3025. Contemporary Issues in Developmental Psychology.
Prerequisites: Psychology 2925 and Psychology 2025.

3125. Contemporary Issues in Social Psychology.
Prerequisites: Psychology 2925 and Psychology 2125.

3225. Contemporary Issues in Learning.
Prerequisites: Psychology 2925 and Psychology 2225.

3325. Contemporary Issues in Sensation and Perception.
Prerequisites: Psychology 2925 and Psychology 2425 or 2825.

3425. Contemporary Issues in Memory and Cognition.
Prerequisites: Psychology 2925 and Psychology 2425.

3525. Contemporary Issues in Emotion.
Prerequisites: Psychology 2925 and any Survey Course in Psychology from the Sir Wilfred Grenfell College Psychology Program.

3625. Contemporary Issues in Personality.
Prerequisites: Psychology 2925 and Psychology 2625.

3626. Contemporary Issues in Abnormal Psychology.
Prerequisites: Psychology 2925 and Psychology 2625.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 3626 and any of the following Psychology 3640, Psychology 3650, and the former Psychology 3600.

3627. Contemporary Issues in Psychotherapy.
Prerequisites: Psychology 2925 and Psychology 2025 or 2125 or 2625.

3628. Contemporary Issues in Psychological Testing and Measurement.
Prerequisites: Psychology 2950 and any one of Psychology 2025, 2125, 2425, 2625.

3725. Contemporary Issues in Animal Behaviour.
Prerequisites: Psychology 2925 and Psychology 2825 or Psychology 2225.

3825. Contemporary Issues in Physiological Psychology.
Prerequisites: Psychology 2925 and Psychology 2825.

SENIOR COURSES

4910. Systems of Psychology. A study of paradigms and explanations in contemporary psychology in the context of their historical antecedents.
Prerequisites: Seventy-eight credit hours in University courses including (a) six credit hours in Psychology laboratory courses from Clause 1(b) of the Requirements for a Major in Psychology or (b) Psychology 3425 or (c) Psychology 3950.

4925. Senior Seminar in Psychology. Weekly seminars for faculty and senior students in Psychology. Current issues in academic and professional psychology shall be discussed.
Prerequisites: Thirty credit hours in Psychology including 3950 (or permission of the Chair of Psychology).

4950. Independent Project in Psychology. Under the supervision of a Faculty member, students will independently carry out approved projects and prepare reports of their findings.
Prerequisites: Thirty credit hours in Psychology including 3950 (or permission of the Chair of Psychology).
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 4950 and Psychology 4951.

4951. Honours Project in Psychology I. Under the supervision of a Faculty member, each student will independently review an area of psychology and prepare a thesis proposal for further investigation.
Prerequisites: Thirty credit hours in Psychology including 3950 (or permission of the Chair of Psychology).
NOTES: Credit may not be obtained for both Psychology 4950 and 4951.
Psychology 4951 is limited to Honours candidates.

4959. Honours Project in Psychology II. This is a continuation of Psychology 4951. Under the supervision of a Faculty member, each student will independently carry out an approved project which will result in an honours thesis.
Prerequisite: Psychology 4951 (or the permission of the Chair of Psychology).
NOTE: Psychology 4959 is limited to Honours candidates.

RELIGIOUS STUDIES

In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Division.

Unless otherwise specified, Religious Studies courses do not have prerequisites. Students who register in a 3000- or 4000-level course are encouraged, however, to make sure that they have adequate preparation for that course, preferably by having completed a first- or second-year course in the field.

1010. Religion in the Modern World. An introduction to some of the major issues confronting religion in the modern world. The focus will be on such topics as freedom and determination, good and evil, love and sexuality.

1020. Christianity in Western Civilization. An introduction to Christianity and its place in the history of Western Civilization through examples from Early Christianity, the Reformation, and the Modern Period.

2011. Introduction to Asian Religious Traditions. A study of the principles and practices of Hinduism and Buddhism and an examination of the development and teachings of the Chinese traditions of Confucianism and Taoism. Special attention will be given to the interrelationships and mutual dependence of these systems.

2013. Introduction to Christianity. A study of the Christian tradition, its development and variety. The course will include an examination of the beliefs and practices of both Eastern and Western Christianity and a study of the main differences among the major Western denominations.

2050. Introduction to the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. The historical background, literary structure, and content of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. The relevance of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament to modern religious issues will also be treated.

2051. Introduction to the New Testament. An introduction to the history and literary structure of the documents comprising the New Testament. Emphasis will be placed on the major themes found in these documents and on the distinctiveness of approach of the individual writers.

2350. Religious Institutions. (Same as Sociology/Anthropology 2350). Psychological, anthropological, and sociological approaches to the nature of religion. Comparative study of religious institutions and beliefs, calendrical feasts and solemnities, the nature of sacrifice and the sacred, religious roles and hierarchies, ritual innovation and revitalization.

2610. Introduction to Religious Ethics. An introduction to religious ethics through the systematic study of selected writers and issues in biomedicine, human sexuality, and social justice. Possible topics for discussion include euthanasia, abortion, poverty, and unemployment.
NOTE: Students who have successfully completed both Religious Studies 2600 and Religious Studies 2601 may not receive credit for 2610.

3010. Greek Religion. (Same as Classics 3010). A study of the role of religion in the private and public life of the Greek world.
NOTE: Students may not receive credit for Religious Studies/Classics 3010 and the former Religious Studies/Classics 3121.

3020. Roman Religion. (Same as Classics 3020). A study of the role of religion in the private and public life of the Roman world.
NOTE: Students may not receive credit for Religious Studies/Classics 3020 and the former Religious Studies/Classics 3121.

3030. The Torah. A critical examination of the first five books of the Hebrew Bible in their literary, cultural, and historical setting.

3200. Jesus: His Life and Teaching. A study of the ministry and thought of Jesus of Nazareth as contained in the Gospels and other New Testament writings. Attention will be given to the methods and conclusions of recent scholarship as applied to his principal teachings and to the study of the historical Jesus.

3210. Paul and His Writings. A study of the Pauline writings and an appraisal of the contribution to Christianity of his mission and theology on the basis of New Testament and other relevant material. Particular attention will be given to such related themes as salvation, reconciliation, grace, and justification.

3310. Judaism at the Beginning of the Christian Era. This course will explore the developments in Jewish thought, institutions, beliefs, and practices during the time when Greek and Jewish cultures encountered one another and in which Jesus of Nazareth lived.
Note: Credit may not be obtained for both Religious Studies 3310 and the former Religious Studies 3220.

3400. Buddhism. A study of the history of the Buddhist tradition in India and China, the development of the main lines of Buddhist thought, and the nature of the Chinese transformation of Buddhism.

3410. Hinduism. This course involves a study of the religious thought and history of India, the literature of Hinduism, the major thinkers in Hindu philosophy, and the role of Hinduism in the culture and society of India.

3820. Religion and the Arts (Same as Visual Arts 3820). An examination of the role of art in the expression of religious ideas, together with a study of specific religious themes and concerns in one or more of the following: literature, film, music, painting, sculpture and dance.

3880. Spirituality and the Earth. An examination of the attitudes of various religious traditions to the environment. Special attention will be paid to Native American spirituality.
Prerequisites: Three credit hours in Religious Studies beyond the first year level or departmental permission.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

SCIENCE

3000. Concepts, Methods and Issues in Science I. The origin of the universe; formation of matter and its nature; origin of the solar system; evolution of the earth and its biosphere; theories of origins of life; mechanisms of evolution and speciation.
Prerequisites: at least 45 credit hours.
NOTE: This course may not be used towards fulfilment of the 78 Science credit hours required for the Bachelor of Science Degree.

3001. Concepts, Methods and Issues in Science II. Genetic and molecular engineering; behavioral biology: genetic determinism versus environmentalism; artificial intelligence. The paradoxes of the quantum world; the scientific method; science and pseudoscience.
Prerequisite: completion of at least 45 credit hours.
NOTE: This course may not be used towards fulfilment of the 78 Science credit hours required for the Bachelor of Science Degree.

SOCIAL/CULTURAL STUDIES COURSES

Social/Cultural Studies 4000. Interdisciplinary Seminar in So-cial/Cultural Studies. Through faculty presentations, assigned readings and group discussions the students will learn how to engage and evaluate the broad debates within Anthropology, Folklore and Sociology. Rather than focus on narrow substantive material from the disciplines, this seminar will emphasize the larger shifts and challenges which have led to new topics and methods of analysis within the social sciences.
Prerequisites: This course is restricted to Social/Cultural Studies students who have completed 90 credit hours or more.

Social/Cultural Studies 4100. Issues in Cultural Studies. This course represents an examination of the concept of culture, as it is presently used within Anthropology, Folklore and Sociology. Particular attention will be paid to the area of Cultural Studies, and the ways in which that approach has re-energized an interest in the role of culture in modern society.
Prerequisites: This course is restricted to Social and Cultural Studies students who have completed 90 credit hours or more.

Social/Cultural Studies 4950. Independent Project in Social/ Cultural Studies. Under the supervision of a faculty member, students will independently carry out approved projects of direct relevance to social and cultural phenomena, and prepare reports of their findings.
Prerequisite: Social/Cultural Studies 4000.

SOCIOLOGY

In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Division

Sociology 1000 or 2000 are prerequisites for all further Sociology courses except 2250 and those cross-listed with Anthropology. Credit is not given for both Sociology 1000 and 2000. Before taking 3000-level courses, students should have taken at least nine credit hours in courses below the 3000 level. Courses at the 4000 level will normally be taken by students who have previously taken at least nine credit hours in courses at the 3000 level.

The following courses, cross-listed with Anthropology and identified by the prefix "S/A", are also taught at the introductory level: 2200, 2210, 2220, 2230, 2240, 2260, 2270, 2280, and 2350. A minimum of two of these courses is prerequisite to further cross-listed courses. These courses are open to be taken as first courses or may be taken to follow up a Sociology introductory course.

2000. Introduction to Sociology. (Prerequisite to most departmental courses). An introduction to the concepts, principles, and topics of Sociology. Credit is not given for both Sociology 1000 and 2000. (Restricted primarily to first-year students.)

2100. Social Inequality. Introduces the subject of social inequality and stratification, examines social inequality in historical perspective, reviews major theories about social inequality, and considers key social developments in contemporary societies in the area of social inequality.

2120. Technology and Society. An examination of the role of technology in society. Topics may include the emergence of modern technological society, the impact of new technologies on social organization and culture and the institutionalization of science and the production of scientific knowledge. The course also explores the ideological functions of science and technology in advanced industrial societies as well as the question of "the domination of nature".

S/A 2200. Communities. An interdisciplinary examination of the concept of Community. Readings will include community studies from North America and Europe.

S/A 2210. Communication and Culture. An examination of verbal and non-verbal systems of communication, and the influence of language on human cognition.

S/A 2230. Newfoundland Society and Culture (Same as Folklore 2230). The Sociology and Anthropology of the Island of Newfoundland. The focus is on social and cultural aspects of contemporary island Newfoundland.

S/A 2240. Canadian Society and Culture. A descriptive and analytic approach to the development of Canadian society and culture.

2250. Changing World. Sociological analysis of contemporary world issues and social problems.

S/A 2260. War and Aggression. Critical review of ethological, psychological and sociological approaches to the understanding of violence and organized aggression.

S/A 2270. Families. A comparative and historical perspective on the family as a social institution, the range of variation in its structure and the determinants of its development.

S/A 2350. Religious Institutions. (Same as Religious Studies 2350) Comparative study of religious institutions and beliefs, calendrical feasts and solemnities, religious roles and hierarchies, ritual innovation and revitalization.

2610. Socialization. An examination of the social and social psychological processes by which individuals become members of human groups (Formerly Sociology 4610).

3040. Introduction to the Methods of Social Research. Objectives of the course are (1) to introduce basic concepts underlying research in the social sciences, and (2) to make students familiar with some techniques that are useful in the analysis of a wide range of sociological data and that represent a good foundation for later study of more advanced techniques.

S/A 3140. Social Movements. An examination of social movements which challenge prevailing social institutions and cultural values. Social movements considered may include religious cults and sects, millenarian movements, attempts at utopian and communal living, feminism, labour and revolutionary movements.

3150. Classical Social Theory. An introduction to the work of major 19th- and early 20th-century social theorists including Marx, Durkheim, Weber and Freud.

3290. Deviance. Major sociological theories and methodological techniques central to the study of deviance and crime are outlined and evaluated. The distribution, attributes and explanations of a variety of forms of deviance are examined, which may include violence, sexual deviance, delinquency, addiction, mental disorder, theft, organized crime, political deviance and corporate deviance.

3314. Gender and Society. An examination of biological, psychological, social and cultural aspects of gender, with an emphasis upon contemporary directions of change in sex roles.

3395. Criminal Justice and Corrections. This course provides an introduction to the operation of the Canadian criminal justice system. Topics to be examined may include the origin, nature and utilization of criminal law, policing, adult and juvenile courts, sentencing, correctional institutions, and community based corrections (probation, parole, community service). Criminal justice policy formulation and application are also discussed.
Prerequisite: Sociology 3290.

3731. Sociology of Culture. A comparative examination of major contemporary sociological texts on the relationship between culture, broadly understood as symbolic systems, and social structure.

THEATRE

1000 and 1001. Introduction to the History of Theatre I and II. A historical survey of the art of the theatre. The history of theatre will be studied in terms of the evolution of performance and of the physical theatre from their origins in a variety of social rituals and contexts through to their present plurality of forms. At the same time, the nature and function of the various components of theatrical performance (acting, directing, design, etc.) will be analyzed in terms of period philosophical, social, cultural, political and religious contexts. These courses are open to non-theatre students.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

1010. Introduction to Acting. An appreciation of the fundamentals of the craft of acting. Basic exercises in voice, movement, relaxation and concentration, improvisation and script analysis will introduce the student to the imaginative and physical skills required by an actor. This is a basic course for all theatre students regardless of their specific areas of interest. This course is open to non-theatre students.
Studio: Six hours per week.

1020. Introduction to Stagecraft. An appreciation of the basic vocabulary and techniques of the various technical and organizational structures and practices of staging plays. Areas of concentration will include scenic and costume construction, basics in lighting, painting, props, sound and stage management. This is a basic course for all theatre students regardless of their specific areas of interest. This course is open to non-theatre students.
Studio: Six hours per week.

1110. Acting I. The introductory course for those majoring in acting. Emphasis on voice, speech, movement and text analysis. Various learning methods will be employed, from sensitivity exercises to improvisation and creative imagination exercises. Participation in in-class performance is required. This course is restricted to Theatre Majors.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisites: Theatre 1000, Theatre 1010 and 1020.

1120. Stagecraft I. The introductory course for those majoring in stagecraft. Emphasis on the fundamentals of scenic carpentry, wardrobe, sound, lighting, crewing, painting and stage management. Practical projects will be related to departmental productions. This course is restricted to Theatre Majors.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisites: Theatre 1000, Theatre 1010 and 1020.

2010 and 2011. (Same as former 201A/B) Acting II. Second level courses for Acting Majors. Emphasis on speech, text analysis and scene study. Various techniques and texts will be employed to root the student in the fundamental process of acting. A beginning approach to understanding the body as an instrument and the techniques required to use the instrument. These courses are restricted to Acting Majors.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisites: Theatre 1001, Theatre 1110. Theatre 2010 is a prerequisite for Theatre 2011.

2020 and 2021. (Same as former 202A/B) Stagecraft II. Second level courses for the Stagecraft Major. Emphasis on the fundamentals of drafting, stage management, model-making, props building, and painting. These courses are restricted to Stagecraft Majors.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisites: Theatre 1001, Theatre 1120. Theatre 2020 is a prerequisite to Theatre 2021.

2080 and 2081. (Production Acting)(4 cr. hrs. each).In each case either a semester's worth of work in one of the major productions, in a supporting capacity (i.e. a supporting role) or a significant role in a studio production. These courses are restricted to Theatre Majors.
Studio: Twelve hours per week.
Prerequisite: Theatre 1110.

2090 and 2091. (Production Stagecraft)(4 cr. hrs. each). In each case either a semester's worth of work in a major production in a supporting capacity (i.e. assistant stage manager, wardrobe assistant, etc.) Or in a studio production in a major capacity. These courses are restricted to Theatre Majors.
Studio: Twelve hours per week.
Prerequisite: Theatre 1120.

3010 and 3011. (Same as former 301A/B) Acting III. Intermediate level courses for the Acting Major. Continued emphasis on speech, voice production, text analysis, etc. Intermediate level scene study on material including non-realistic plays. These courses are restricted to Acting Majors.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisites: Theatre 2010 and 2011, Theatre 2080 and 2081.

3020 and 3021. (Same as former 302A/B) Stagecraft III. Intermediate course for Stagecraft Majors. Continued emphasis on carpentry, painting, lighting, sound, wardrobe, stage management, etc. These courses are restricted to Stagecraft Majors.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisites: Theatre 2020 and 2021, Theatre 2090 and 2091.

3060 and 3061. Master Classes I and II (Stagecraft).In each case a semester's worth of work for stagecraft students with a guest artist in a particular area of specialization. These courses are restricted to Theatre Majors.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisites: Theatre 2020 and 2021. Theatre 3060 is a prerequisite for Theatre 3061.

3070 and 3071. Master Classes I and II (Acting). In each case a semester's worth of work for acting students with a guest artist in a particular area of specialization. These courses are restricted to Theatre Majors.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisites: Theatre 2010 and 2011. Theatre 3070 is a prerequisite for Theatre 3071.

3080 and 3081. (Production-Acting)(4 cr. hrs. each).In each case work on a major production in a significant capacity (i.e. a principal role) These courses are restricted to Theatre Majors.
Studio: Sixteen hours per week.
Prerequisites: Theatre 2010 and 2011, Theatre 2080 and 2081.

3090 and 3091. (Production-Stagecraft)(4 cr. hrs. each). In each case work on a major production in a significant capacity (i.e. stage manager, crew chief, head of props, etc.). These courses are restricted to Theatre Majors.
Studio: Sixteen hours per week.
Prerequisites: Theatre 2020 and 2021, Theatre 2090 and 2091.

3605. Music Theatre Workshop. (6 cr. hrs.). (Same as Music 3605). (Offered in intensive intersession format only). The music theatre workshop is an advanced performance course for singers and actors. It offers students the opportunity to experience the performance elements inherent in a professional level music theatre production through an intensive rehearsal period, a performance run and an extended tour. The goal of this course is to develop the students' skills in preparing a production for public performance at a professional level.
Prerequisite: By audition.

4001. Theatre Institute at Harlow (10 credit hours). A full semester's work, utilizing both the Harlow Campus and Sir Wilfred Grenfell College, comprising a "thesis production" involving fourth-year acting and stagecraft students in major responsibilities. A practical component in Theatre Criticism utilizing the resources of the Harlow Campus proximity to London and Stratford. A series of Master Classes, Workshops, Field Trips and Guest Lectures offered by members of the theatre profession in England. A project in a selected area of theatre history.
Prerequisites: Theatre 4010 or 4011, 4060 or 4070, 4080 or 4090, 4030, 4040.

4010. (Same as former 401A) Acting IV. Advanced course for acting majors. Concentration on advanced scene study on texts illustrating period styles or genres of plays. This course will be directly related to performance work in Theatre 4080. Restricted to acting majors.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisites: Theatre 3010 and 3011, Theatre 3080 and 3081.

4020. (Same as former 402A) Stagecraft IV. Advanced courses for Stagecraft Majors with individual concentration on specific technical skills. Restricted to Stagecraft Majors.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisites: Theatre 3020 and 3021, Theatre 3090 and 3091.

4030. Theory of Directing and Design. An examination and analysis of the nature and practice of directing and design from a theoretical and aesthetical perspective. A lecture/seminar course involving script analysis to examine the interpretive and imagistic processes of directors and designers.
Lecture/Seminar: Three hours per week.
Prerequisites: Theatre 3010 and 3011 or Theatre 3020 and 3021, Visual Arts 2700 and 2701, and 18 credit hours in Dramatic Literature courses.

4040. Directed Studies. Student projects in playmaking, performance, directing, design or technical presentations supervised by faculty. In consultation with the faculty, the student will submit a proposal for a project on which he/she wishes to work. These projects will be presented in public. Restricted to Theatre Majors.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisites: Theatre 3010 and 3011 or Theatre 3020 and 3021.

4060. Master Class III (Stagecraft). Advanced work with a guest artist in a particular area of specialization. Restricted to Theatre Majors.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisites: Theatre 3060 and 3061.

4070. Master Class III (Acting). Advanced work with a guest artist in a particular area of specialization. Restricted to Theatre Majors.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisites: Theatre 3070 and 3071.

4080. (Production-Acting)(4 cr. hrs.). Work on a major production in a significant and leading capacity (i.e. leading or principal role). Restricted to Theatre majors.
Studio: Twenty hours per week.
Prerequisites: Theatre 3010 and 3011, Theatre 3080 and 3081.

4090. (Production-Stagecraft)(4 cr. hrs.). Work on a major production in a significant and leading capacity (i.e. designer, stage manager, technical director, etc.). Restricted to Theatre Majors.
Studio: Twenty hours per week.
Prerequisites: Theatre 3020 and 3021, Theatre 3090 and 3091.

UNIVERSITY

University 1010. The University Experience. The course introduces students to the different modes of enquiry that one finds in the University, the interrelatedness of knowledge and the role of the University in society. It also provides students with tools and techniques of study and research that can lead them to academic success and fulfilling career.

VISUAL ARTS

1st Year

100A/B. Drawing I. The fundamentals of drawing with study of line, tone, shape, volume, form, texture, space. Emphasis on drawing the human figure and studio problems. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Co-requisites: Visual Arts 110A/B, 120A/B.

110A/B. Two Dimensional Design and Media. Principles of color theory and color mixing. Painting techniques in various media. Emphasis on rendering of form in space and organization of two dimensional surface through studio problems. Attendance Required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Co-requisites: Visual Arts 100A/B, 120A/B.

1000. An introduction to two-dimensional media (design, drawing and painting) that will provide students with both studio experience and an increased sensitivity to aesthetic concerns. Students will investigate design principles through an exploration of visual fundamentals. The course will also cover basic drawing, including drawing from life and will introduce the study of colour through the use of a variety of media. These concepts will be explored through lecture and/or studio experiences. Attendance is required.
Studio and lecture: Three hours per week.
NOTE: Students are NOT expected to have previous drawing or art experience.

1001. An introduction to process-based media that will provide students with both studio experience and an increased sensitivity to aesthetic concerns. Students will be shown the fundamental concepts of a variety of process-based media with selections being made from the media of printmaking, sculpture and photo media (photography, digital imaging, performance, video). These concepts will be explored through lecture and/or studio experiences. Attendance required.
Studio and lecture: Three hours per week.
NOTE: Students are NOT expected to have previous art experience.

120A/B. Three Dimensional Design and Media. Three dimensional form and spatial organization. Exploration of sculptural media through studio problems. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Co-requisites: Visual Arts 100A/B, 110A/B.

2nd Year

2000. Second Year Drawing I. Development of drawing skills with emphasis on the human figure and studio problems. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 100 A/B, 110 A/B, and 120 A/B.

2001. Second Year Drawing II. A continuation of the work begun in Visual Arts 2000. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 2000.

2100. Introductory Painting I. Painting media applied to problems of spatial structure, light, color, volume and surface relationships.
Studio: Six hours per week. Attendance required.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 100 A/B, 110 A/B, and 120 A/B.

2101. Introductory Painting II. A continuation of the work begun in Visual Arts 2100. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 2100.

2200. Introductory Sculpture I. Development of accurate and expressive control of three-dimensional media. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 100 A/B, 110 A/B, and 120 A/B.

2201. Introductory Sculpture II. A continuation of the work begun in Visual Arts 2200. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 2200.

2300. Introductory Printmaking I. Introduction to printmaking techniques. Relief, Intaglio, Serigraphy, Lithography. Attendance Required.
Studio: Six hours per week.

2301. Introductory Printmaking II. A continuation of the work begun in Visual Arts 2300. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 2300.

2310. Introductory Printmaking: Relief. An intensive exploration of Relief Printmaking concepts and techniques using wood and lino. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 100 A/B, 110 A/B, and 120 A/B.

2311. Introductory Printmaking: Intaglio. An intensive exploration of Intaglio Printmaking concepts and techniques. Also includes monoprint and collograph experience. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 100 A/B, 110 A/B, and 120 A/B.

2320. Introductory Printmaking: Serigraphy. An intensive exploration of Serigraphic Printmaking concepts and techniques. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 100 A/B, 110 A/B, and 120 A/B.

2321. Introductory Printmaking: Lithography. An intensive exploration of Lithographic Printmaking concepts and techniques. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 100 A/B, 110 A/B, and 120 A/B.

2400. Introductory Photography I. Basic techniques of black and white photography including negative exposure, film development and print production. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 100 A/B, 110 A/B, and 120 A/B.

2401. Introductory Photography II. A continuation of the work begun in Visual Arts 2400. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 2400.

2600. Introductory Digital Imaging I. An introduction to the computer as an art-making tool. Computer basics. Creation acquisition, manipulation and output of digital images using several applications. Attendance required.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 100A/B, 110A/B, and 120A/B.

2601. Introductory Digital Imaging II. A continuation of the work begun in Visual Arts 2600. Students will learn to create original artworks directly on the computer and how to incorporate images from other sources using a color scanner. The ethics, aesthetics and theory of digital image-making for artists will also be addressed. Attendance required.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 2600.

3rd Year

3000. Intermediate Drawing I (Same as former 300A or 302A). Further development of drawing skills. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 2001.

3001. Intermediate Drawing II (Same as former 300B or 302B). A continuation of the work begun in Visual Arts 3000. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 3000.

3100. Intermediate Painting I (Same as former 312A). Continued development of painting stressing personal expression and critical awareness. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 2101.

3101. Intermediate Painting II (Same as former 312B). Continuation of Visual Arts 3100. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 3100.

3200. Intermediate Sculpture I (Same as former 322A). Continued development of skills in sculpture media. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 2201.

3201. Intermediate Sculpture II (Same as former 322B). Continuation of Visual Arts 3200.
Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 3200.

3310. Intermediate Relief and/or Intaglio I (Same as former 332A). Projects in Printmaking. Relief and/or Intaglio. In consultation with the instructor students will select the medium or combination or media in which to work. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 2311.

3311. Intermediate Relief and/or Intaglio II (Same as former 332B). Projects in Printmaking. Relief and/or Intaglio. In consultation with the instructor students will select the medium or combination or media in which to work. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 3310.

3320. Intermediate Serigraphy and/or Lithography I (Same as former 332A). Projects in Printmaking. Serigraphy and/or Lithography. In consultation with the instructor students will select the medium or combination or media in which to work. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 2321.

3321. Intermediate Serigraphy and/or Lithography II (Same as former 332B). Projects in Printmaking. Serigraphy and/or Lithography. In consultation with the instructor students will select the medium or combination or media in which to work. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 3320.

3400. Intermediate Photography I (Same as former 342A). Critical evaluation of photographs. Continued development of photographic skills, use of color and larger camera formats. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 2401.

3401. Intermediate Photography II (Same as former 342B). Continuation of Visual Arts 3400.
Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 3400.

3500. Multi-media I (Same as former 352A). Projects in combined media. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Permission of the Department.

3501. Multi-media II (Same as former 352B). Continuation of Visual Arts 3500. Attendance required.
Studio: Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 3500.

3510. Digital Multi-Media I. An exploration of computer based multi-media production on the computer involving 2-D and 3-D graphics, animation, video, sound and text. Attendance required.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 2601.

3511. Digital Multi-Media II. A continuation of the work begun in Visual Arts 3510. Students will learn how to create original artworks directly on the computer and how to incorporate still images, moving images, sound and text using a color scanner, video camera, video cassette recorder, midi devices, etc. The ethics, aesthetics and theory of digital multi-media production for artists will also be addressed. Attendance required.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 3510.

4th year

4950. Independent Projects in Studio I. Under the supervision of a faculty member, students will produce an independent body of exploratory work and a related written artist statement and description of the progress and development of their work. Students are required to present the written component and body of work at a term end critique with all members of faculty. Attendance required.
Prerequisites: 54 credit hours of studio courses.

4951. Independent Project in Studio II. Under the supervision of a faculty member, students will produce an independent body of consistent work and a related written artist statement and final description of the work. Students are required to present the written component and body of work at a term end critique with all members of the faculty. Attendance required.
Prerequisite: Visual Arts 4950.

ART HISTORY COURSES

NOTES: 1) The prerequisite for all 3000-level courses is Visual Arts 2701 or History 1101 or permission of the Chair, Visual Arts.
2) No students shall register in any course having an initial digit "4" unless they have successfully completed at least six credit hours in Art History courses or by permission of the Chair, Visual Arts.

2700. Art History Survey I. (Same as History 2700). The history of art from pre-historic times to the Renaissance.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

2701. Art History Survey II. (Same as History 2701). The history of art from the Renaissance to the twentieth century.
Lectures: Three hours per week.

3700. Art History: The Italian Renaissance. (Same as History 3700). An overview of the art and architecture of Renaissance Italy with an emphasis upon the historical context in which art was produced.

3701. Art History: The Renaissance Outside Italy. (Same as History 3701). The Renaissance outside Italy from the late fourteenth century and the International style through the 16th century. As with the Italian Renaissance the art and architecture will be discussed in its historical context.

3702-3721. Art History: Special Topics. The range of special topics might include:
- Early Renaissance Art
- Art of the Later Renaissance
- Canadian Art to 1900
- 20th C. Canadian Art
- American Art to 1900
- History Context and Modern Users

3620. Philosophy of Art (Same as Philosophy 3620). Introduction to aesthetics; applications in Visual Arts, music and drama.

3820. Religion and the Arts (Same as Religious Studies 3820). An examination of the role of art in the expression of religious ideas, together with a study of specific religious themes and concerns in one or more of the following: literature, film, music, painting, sculpture, and dance.
Prerequisite: Religious Studies 2810 or permission of the Department of Religious Studies.

4700-4729. Art History: Special Topics. The range of senior topics might include:
- British Art and Architecture
- Modern Art
- Modern Art II
- Aesthetics
- 17th and 18th Century Art
- 19th Century Art
- Research Project in Modernism

4730. Art History: Modern Art I: Precursors to Modernism. (Same as History 4730). An examination of the cultural, social, and political forces which, from 1750 to 1850, were to have a major impact on modernity and later modern art.
Prerequisites/Co-requisites: Six credit hours in art history or permission of the chair of the Visual Arts Program.

4731. Art History: Modern Art II: Early Modernism. (Same as Visual Arts 4731). An examination of the various cultural and social forces between 1850 and 1914 which shaped the rise of the Modern movement.
Prerequisites/Co-requisites: Six credit hours in art history or permission of the chair of the Visual Arts Program.

4740. Current Issues in Art. Studies in Contemporary Art.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Prerequisite: Permission of the Fine Arts Division.

4741. Art Criticism. Theories of Art Criticism.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Prerequisite: Permission of the Fine Arts Division.

WOMEN'S STUDIES

2000. An Interdisciplinary Introduction to Women's Studies. An interdisciplinary introduction to the major concepts, issues and debates of Women's Studies.

2001. Women and Science. An investigation of: historical and contemporary contributions of women scientists, especially Canadians; different sciences and how they study women; and feminist and other perspectives on gender and science.
Three hours of lectures per week.

3000-3010. Special Topics in Women's Studies.

4000. Seminar in Women's Studies. An interdisciplinary seminar designed to focus on women's issues, and on theories and methodologies of women's studies.
Three-hour seminar per week.
Prerequisites: Students must normally have completed Women's Studies 2000 and fifteen credit hours in other Women's Studies Program courses before taking Women's Studies 4000. In exceptional cases, students without these prerequisites may be accepted into the course, with the approval of the Instructor of WSTD 4000 and the Program Coordinator.


Last modified on June 4, 2003 by R. Bruce

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