FACULTY OF SCIENCE

EARTH SCIENCES COURSE LIST

TABLE OF CREDIT RESTRICTIONS FOR PRESENT EARTH SCIENCES COURSES WITH FORMER COURSES

PRESENT FORMER EQUIVALENTS
ES 1000 ES 1010, GEOL 1000, GEOL 1010
ES 1001 ES 1011, GEOL 1001, GEOL 1011
ES 2030 ES 203A, GEOL 203A
ES 2031 ES 203B, GEOL 203B
ES 2150 PHYS 2150
ES 2310 ES 2300, ES 2900, GEOL 2900
ES 2400 ES 2161, ES 2070, PHYS 2070
ES 2401 ES 3400, ES 3120, GEOL 3120
ES 2502 ES 2501, ES 3200, GEOL 3200
ES 2702 ES 3701, ES 3070, GEOL 3070
ES 2905 ES 2310, ES 2300, ES 2900, GEOL 2900
ES 2914 ES 2414, GEOL 2414
ES 2915 ES 2415, GEOL 2415
ES 3053 ES 3050, ES 3052, GEOL 3050
ES 3054 ES 2503 and ES 3053
ES 3055 ES 2503 and ES 3053
ES 3161 ES 3160, PHYS 3160
ES 3170 PHYS 3170
ES 3172 ES 3171, PHYS 3171
ES 3210 GEOL 3210
ES 3400 ES 3120, GEOL 3120
ES 3611 ES 4611
ES 3701 ES 3070, GEOL 3070
ES 3811 ES 3801, ES 2801, GEOL 2801
ES 4053 GEOL 4053
ES 4054 ES 4052, GEOL 4052
ES 4160 PHYS 4160
ES 4171 PHYS 4171
ES 4179 ES 4970, PHYS 4970
ES 4211 GEOL 4211
ES 4302 ES 4501, GEOL 4501
ES 4310 GEOL 4310
ES 4312 ES 4311, ES 4111
ES 4901 ES 4320, ES 400A, GEOL 400A
ES 4400 ES 4120, GEOL 4120
ES 4502 ES 4201, GEOL 4201
ES 4601 GEOL 4601
ES 4700 GEOL 4700
ES 4800 ES 4110, GEOL 4110
ES 499A/B ES 4991, GEOL 4991



GENERAL NOTES FOR ALL EARTH SCIENCES PROGRAMS AND COURSES

NOTES: 1) Students wishing to pursue study within the programs offered by Earth Sciences are strongly advised to keep in close contact with the Department to discuss course programs before attempting telephone registration in order to maintain a proper sequencing.

2) Students wishing to take some Earth Sciences courses without intending to major in Earth Sciences should consult with the Head of Department (or delegate) to determine the courses most suitable to their needs and capabilities. Earth Sciences 2914, 2915 and 2150 are especially suitable for such students and have no Earth Sciences prerequisites.

3) Most courses comprise six hours of instruction per week, usually three hours of lectures or seminars and a three-hour laboratory period; however, at an advanced level other methods of instruction may be adopted.

4) Consult the notes of field courses 2905, 3905 and 4905 for additional information. These courses require payment of a participation fee to cover costs for logistics and equipment. Registration for these courses will be by application only and may be competitive.

5) The prerequisites for courses 4302, 4902 and 4903 refer to core courses in the Faculty of Science. For the purposes of these prerequisite statements, core courses are defined as those courses that are specified by each department as mandatory to fulfil the course requirements for their General or Honours programs.

6) Certain of the 4000-level courses may not be offered every year.

7) At most six credit hours in courses at the 1000-level can be used towards the course requirements in Earth Sciences for the Major, Minor, Joint Major, Honours or Joint Honours.

COURSE LIST

The first digit of each course number designates the level (year) of the course. The second digit indicates the area of Earth Sciences into which the course best fits, as follows:

Second Digit
0 - mineralogy and petrology
1 - geophysics
2 - economic geology
3 - stratigraphy and marine geology
4 - structural geology and tectonics
5 - geochemistry
6 - technical fields and petroleum geology
7 - sedimentation, geomorphology
8 - paleontology
9 - general and dissertation

FIRST YEAR

1000. Earth Systems. A survey of the structure, function and interrelations of Earth's lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere. Topics include an exploration of the physical and chemical properties of planetary materials, forces driving and sustaining Earth systems, and biological modifiers (including humankind) on the Earth today.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratories: Three hours per week.

1001. Evolution of Earth Systems. Earth's present structure and environment, the product of 4.5 billion years of planetary evolution, are explored from the rock and fossil record. Examples, illustrated with rocks, fossils and maps, are selected from the geological history of North America, with particular emphasis on Newfoundland and Labrador.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratories: Three hours per week.
Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 1000.

1002. Concepts and Methods in Earth Sciences. Introduction to a broad range of concepts concerning the development of the geological record and the Earth; practical methods for collection of field based data; topics in map interpretation and geometric analysis, stratigraphy, paleontology, structure and petrology. The course is presented with an emphasis on the development of practical skills needed to pursue a career in Earth Sciences.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratories: Three hours per week.
Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 1000.

SECOND YEAR

2030. Mineralogy (F). (Same as former Earth Sciences 203A). Introduction to crystallography and the structure of minerals; introduction to crystal optics; study of the rock forming minerals and minerals of economic significance. Laboratory work comprises study of the structures and symmetries of minerals, chemistry of rock forming minerals, introduction to transmitted light microscopy of rocks, hand specimen recognition of common rocks and minerals.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 1000, Chemistry 1011 (or 1051 or equivalent), Physics 1054 (or Physics 1021) and its Mathematics prerequisite are strongly recommended.
Co-requisite: Earth Sciences 2502.
NOTE: See credit restriction under Earth Sciences 2031.

2031. Mineralogy and Petrography (W). (Same as former Earth Sciences 203B). Further study of crystal optics; rock forming minerals and their occurrence; application of phase equilibrium studies to minerals; introduction to igneous and metamorphic rocks. Laboratory work comprises optical mineralogy, interpretation of petrological phase diagrams, introduction to the petrography of igneous and metamorphic rocks.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2030, 2502.
NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both Earth Sciences 203A/B and one or both of Earth Sciences 2030 and 2031.

2150. The Solar System (F) (W). Basic astronomy of the Solar System, tracing the search to understand motion of the Sun, Moon and planets in the sky; modern observations of planets, moons, comets, asteroids and meteorites and what they tell us about the origin and evolution of the Solar System.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 1000.
NOTE: Earth Sciences 2150 is designed for students taking Earth Sciences as an elective subject and may only be used as a non- Science elective for Earth Sciences Majors and Earth Sciences Honours students.

2311. Geoscience Communication (W). An introduction to the fundamentals of preparation of written and oral geoscience reports, emphasizing organization, correct use of terminology, concise description, preparation of abstracts and introductions, integration of numerical data and publication-quality illustrations, and oral presentation skills. Topics for reports will be selected from the subject matter of other 2000-level Earth Sciences courses.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2905 and 6 credit hours in English.
Lectures: two hours per week.
Tutorials: three hours per week.

2400. Plate Tectonics (W). The concepts of plate dynamics and associated geological processes based on modern observations, and their application to the geological record. Laboratories will include the use of computer modelling techniques and an introduction to the relationship of physical environments of rock formation with plate tectonic setting.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 1001 or 1002, Chemistry 1011 (or 1051 or equivalent), Mathematics 1000, Physics 1054 (or Physics 1021).
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Earth Sciences 2400 and the former Earth Sciences 2161.

2401. Structural Geology (W). Introduction to basic concepts; the physics of rock deformation, the classification and descriptive geometry of major and minor structures and their relationship to stress and strain. Laboratory work will concentrate on analysis of structural orientation data, and the analysis of structures in geological maps and cross-sections.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2905 or permission of the Head of the Department (or Delegate) for students following a minor in Earth Sciences.
NOTES: 1) Earth Sciences majors are advised to complete field course, Earth Sciences 3905, immediately following completion of this course.
2) Credit may not be obtained for both Earth Sciences 2401, and the former Geology 3120 or Earth Sciences 3120 or Earth Sciences 3400.

2502. Geochemistry of Earth Materials I (F). The course provides an overview of geochemistry including the origin and classification of elements, radioactivity and geologic time, and chemical differentiation of the solar system and solid Earth. The geochemistry of oceans, atmosphere, sediments and sedimentary rocks, and geochemical cycling and mixing at all scales also will be discussed. This course has a laboratory component that emphasizes analytical geochemistry skills.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 1000, Chemistry 1011 (or 1051 or equivalent).

2702. Sedimentology and Stratigraphy (F). (Same as former Geology 3070; Earth Sciences 3070 and 3701). A study of the origin, composition and diagenesis of sediments; selected modern environments of deposition; and the stratigraphic framework of sedimentary successions. Laboratories involve local field trips and the study of hand samples of sedimentary rocks.
Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 1002.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both Earth Sciences 2702 and the former Geology 3070 or Earth Sciences 3070 or Earth Sciences 3701.

2905. Introduction to Geological Mapping (F). A two credit hour course based on approximately 6 days of geological mapping in Precambrian rocks near St. John's, and 2 days of in-class work preparing a digital map and written report. Emphasis is placed on the recognition and description of sedimentary and igneous rocks in the field, and techniques of geological mapping and the taking of field notes.
Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 1002.
NOTE: 1) This course will be given during a special session immediately preceding the fall semester. Entry is by application to the Head of the Department (or delegate) only.
2) Credit may not be obtained for both Earth Sciences 2905 and the former Earth Sciences 2310 or Earth Sciences 2300.

2914. Natural Resources and the Past (F). (Same as former Geol-ogy 2414 and Earth Sciences 2414). An analysis of the Earth's physical environment and resources, and the history of man's exploitation of them; emphasis is placed on insights provided by Earth Sciences into the contemporary human predicament.
NOTE: Earth Sciences 2914 is designed for students taking Earth Sciences as an elective subject. This course complements traditional disciplines such as history, economics, and political science and should be of particular interest to teachers. This course may only be used as a non-science elective for Earth Sciences Major and Earth Sciences Honours students.

2915. Natural Resources and the Future (W). (Same as former Geology 2415 and Earth Sciences 2415). A survey of pressures on the Earth's natural resources and policies for their management; special attention is given to the role of energy in society.
NOTE: Earth Sciences 2915 is designed for students taking Earth Sciences as an elective subject. This course complements traditional disciplines such as history, economics, and political science and should be of particular interest to teachers. This course may only be used as a non-science elective for Earth Sciences Majors and Earth Sciences Honours students.

THIRD YEAR

3054. High-Temperature Geochemistry and Igneous Petrology (F). An integrated course dealing with the geochemistry, origin and classification of igneous rocks. Topics include trace element geochemistry; physical properties of magmas, physical and chemical processes in magma chambers (fractional crystallization, differentiation, assimilation and partial melting), phase equilibria and application to magmas, petrology of the mantle, and igneous rocks of specific tectonic settings (oceanic lithosphere, continental margins, continental lithosphere). Laboratories include geochemical calculations and examination of rock samples and thin sections.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2031 and 2502.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for 3054 and the combination of 3053 and the former 2503.

3055. Thermodynamics and Metamorphic Petrology (W). An integrated course dealing with the geochemistry, origin and classification of metamorphic rocks. Topics include thermodynamic background and kinetics (transfer of mass and energy in geochemical systems of the Earth's interior, thermodynamic laws, phase equilibria, solid-solid reactions, reaction rates); metamorphic facies, field gradients, isograds and reactions; mineral assemblages and textures of common metamorphic rocks. Laboratories include thermodynamic and phase diagram problems, hand specimen and thin section studies.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2031 and 2502, Mathematics 1001.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for 3055 and the combination of 3053 and the former 2503.

3170. Exploration Geophysics I (W). Fundamentals of seismic energy transmission in the Earth; basic methods in seismic exploration - data acquisition, processing and interpretation for refraction and reflection surveys; fundamentals of gravity and magnetic data acquisition, processing and interpretation; introduction to gravity and magnetic modelling. This course has a laboratory component.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2310; Mathematics 2000 or Statistics 2510.

3172. Exploration Geophysics II (F). Introduction to electrical and electromagnetic methods in geophysics applied in mineral exploration, petroleum well logging and environmental studies, and examples of application of various techniques; use of data processing and modelling techniques in interpretation; introduction to radiometric methods used in mineral and petroleum exploration. This course has a laboratory component.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2310; Mathematics 2000 or Statistics 2510.

3179. Geophysical Analysis. Vector Calculus; curvilinear coordinates; line, surface and volume integration; integral theorems; the derivation and application of geophysically important partial differential equations - Laplace's equation to the Earth's gravity and magnetic fields, the diffusion equation to the Earth's heat flow, and the wave equation to electromagnetic and seismological phenomena; geophysical uses of Legendre functions; Fourier analysis in geophysics; introductory Cartesian tensors. This course has a laboratory component to familiarize the student with practical applications of the tools discussed.
Lectures: Three hours per week.
Laboratories: Three hours per week.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 2000, Physics 2055.

3210. Economic Mineral Deposits (W). An introduction to the study of mineral deposits and definition of the basic physio-chemical parameters of ore deposit formation. The course involves a systematic review of genetic models for the principal types of metallic mineral deposits, and links these models to a common theme of the relationship between lithosphere-hydrosphere-biosphere interactions and metallogeny. Laboratory exercises involve examination of representative suites of samples from different types of metallic mineral deposits and provide an introduction to the use of reflected light microscopy.
Prerequisites: EITHER Earth Sciences 2031, 2310 and 2502; OR Earth Sciences 2031 and Chemistry 3211; OR Engineering 3610 and Engineering 3205.

3600. Environmental Geology (F). The application of basic concepts and fundamental principles of geochemistry in evaluating natural and human-induced change through time on the interaction of the Earth's lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere; includes the effects of contaminants on global change. Laboratory time will be used for short field- based studies and for exercises examining the effects of contaminants on global change.
Prerequisites: EITHER Earth Sciences 2502; OR Earth Sciences 1000, Chemistry 2210 and Chemistry 2300.

3611. Engineering Geology (W). Basic concepts in soil, rock and fracture mechanics; classification of soil, rock and rock masses; special topics include the engineering and environmental aspects and issues of: slope development and underground excavations in soils and rocks; the development of hydroelectric and irrigation projects; the nuclear fuel cycle; resource developments in sensitive terrains. This course includes a laboratory component.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 1001 or permission of instructor.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Earth Sciences 3611 and the former Earth Sciences 4611.

3701. Sedimentology (F). (Same as former Geology 3070 and Earth Sciences 3070). A study of the origin, composition and diagenesis of sediments and selected modern environments of deposition. Laboratories involve local field trips and the study of hand samples and thin sections of sedimentary rocks. This course requires, as part of its laboratory component, satisfactory completion of the one-week third-year field school which takes place immediately preceding the start of the fall semester.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2310 and 2031.
NOTE: This course will be offered for the last time during the fall semester of the 2002-2003 calendar year and will be replaced by Earth Sciences 2702. Credit may not be obtained for Earth Sciences 2702 and Earth Sciences 3701.

3811. Paleontology (W). An outline of the major changes in life forms from Archean times through the Phanerozoic to the present day, including details of invertebrate and vertebrate faunas and major floral groups; mechanisms and effects of mega-, macro- and microevolution in the fossil record; biology and classification of organisms and summaries of their geological significance in biostratigraphy, paleoecology and rock-building; relationships between major cycles of evolution and extinction to global processes. This course has a laboratory component.
Prerequisites: EITHER Biology 2120 (or Biology 1001 and 1002) and Earth Sciences 1001* (or 1002); OR Biology 2122 and 2210.
NOTES: 1) Credit may not be obtained for Earth Sciences 3811 and Biology 3811, or either the former Earth Sciences 3801 or Biology 3800.
2) Beginning the 2003-2004 calendar year, Earth Sciences 1001 will not be accepted as a prerequisite.

3905. Field Methods in Structural Geology and Stratigraphy (W). A one credit hour course based on approximately 5 days of geological mapping in Precambrian rocks near St. John's. Emphasis is placed on application of techniques of structural analysis. Evenings will be dedicated to data analysis and preparation of structural maps and sections.
Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 2401.
NOTE: This course will be given during a special session immediately following the winter semester examination period. Students are advised to complete this course immediately following Earth Sciences 2401. Entry is by application to the Head of the Department (or delegate) only.

FOURTH YEAR

NOTE: Not all Fourth Year courses may be offered every year.

4053. Petrogenesis of Igneous Rocks. Phase equilibria in the major classes of igneous rocks; the production, ascent and differentiation of magmas; the variation in chemistry of individual magmatic classes with tectonic setting; the variation in eruptive styles and products with different magma systems. This course has a laboratory component.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 3400 or 2401; and EITHER Earth Sciences 3054 OR Earth Sciences 3053 and the former 2503.

4054. Mineralogy and Metamorphic Petrology. Equilibrium thermo-dynamics and reaction kinetics as applied to mineralogy and metamorphic petrology; the interpretation of PTX conditions and rate-controlling mechanisms from mineral assemblages. Laboratories include use of XRD and electron-probe methods to collect data for use in calculations of the conditions of formation of metamorphic mineral assemblages.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 3400 or 2401; and EITHER Earth Sciences 3055 OR Earth Sciences 3053 and the former 2503.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Earth Sciences 4054 and either of the former Earth Sciences 4030 or 4052.

4105. High Resolution Geophysics. A senior level field based course in high resolution geophysics with an emphasis on environmental applications. Topics to be covered include Ground Probing Radar, the Generalized Reciprocal method in refraction seismic, high resolution magnetic surveys, microgravimetry surveys, electro-magnetic methods. This course has a laboratory component in which students conduct a series of surveys over a specific site and process and interpret the collected data.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 3170, 3172 and 3179.

4171. Exploration Geophysics III. Techniques involved in the processing and interpretation of multichannel seismic reflection data, including muting, filtering, velocity analysis, normal moveout corrections, binning, stacking and migration. Laboratory-based assignments demonstrate the typical steps involved in processing data.
Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 3170 and Earth Sciences 4179.

4173. Exploration Geophysics IV. Advanced techniques in electrical and electromagnetic exploration methods including advanced IP, airborne EM surveys, EM and IP modelling, and inversion techniques; advanced methods in gravity and magnetic field exploration techniques including 2 -D and 3-D modelling and inversion, map processing techniques, and excess mass determination. This course has a laboratory component.
Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 3170 or 3172; and Earth Sciences 4179.

4179. Digital Signal Processing. Introduction to the theory and basic computational techniques of digital signal processing in geophysics. Topics covered include: sampling, Fourier transformation, design and application of digital filters, deconvolution, spectral analysis, two dimensional signal processing, with emphasis on geophysical applications.
Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 3179.

4211. Economic Geology. A detailed look at the methodologies and techniques used in the study of mineral deposits and their applications in case histories. Laboratory exercises involve solving problem sets using the various types of data from selected case studies.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 3210; and Earth Sciences 3054 or 3055 or the former 2503.

4302. Advanced Marine Geology. The geology and geophysics of ocean basins; discussion of methods of oceanic exploration, the history and development of ocean basins, interrelationships between ocean water, marine organisms, sedimentary and igneous processes.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 1001 or 1002 and completion of any 15 credit hours in core courses at the 3000 and/or 4000 levels (see General Note 5) in Biology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Earth Sciences, Physics, or Geography.

4310. Earth Science Concepts, Materials and Techniques for Archaeologists. This course will provide Archaeology students with geological information to apply to problems encountered during the course of their work; Newfoundland material will be emphasized; topics covered will include field techniques, rock and mineral identification, petrographic analysis, x-ray, geochemical and geophysical techniques, stratigraphy, and late- and post-glacial history of Newfoundland. This course includes a laboratory component.
NOTE: Entry to this course is restricted primarily to Anthropology Majors, and permission of the Head of the Department of Earth Sciences is required. It may not be used as a credit by Earth Sciences Majors or Honours students.

4400. Advanced Techniques in Structural Geology. Modern techniques of structural analysis applied to fold and fault systems including progressive deformation and strain analysis, fold mechanisms, fold morphology and classification, fold sections and profiles, superposed folding, fault geometry and morphology, brittle and ductile shear zones, and construction of balanced cross-sections. This course includes a laboratory component.
Prerequisites: EITHER Earth Sciences 3400 OR Earth Sciences 2401 and 3905.

4502. Advanced Geochemistry. An analysis of the chemical fluxes and mass balances within the Earth, focusing on geochemical modelling of Earth processes; includes applications of radiogenic and stable isotope geochemistry.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 3600; and EITHER the former Earth Sciences 2503 and 3053 OR Earth Sciences 3054 and 3055.

4503. Mineral Exploration Geochemistry. An examination of the application of geochemistry to mineral exploration, covering: the lithogeochemical characteristics of ore deposits, their host rocks, and element dispersion from them; the principles of sampling and analysis in exploration geochemistry; approaches to the statistical analysis, graphical presentation, and interpretation of survey results; and the design of effective geochemical surveys. Particular emphasis will be placed on case studies relevant to exploration in Newfoundland and Labrador. Laboratory/seminar sessions involve working with exemplary data sets, using computer-based software for statistical analysis and software for searching large databases and viewing the spatial relationships of different types of map data relevant to the mineral exploration industry.
Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 3210.

4601. Petroleum Origin and Occurrence. The origin, migration, accumulation and exploration of petroleum resources, emphasizing typical reservoir styles, potential reservoir lithologies, geological and geophysical methods of exploration, and basic concepts of formation evaluation. This course includes a laboratory component.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2702 or 3701; and Earth Sciences 3170 or 3172.

4610. Hydrogeology. Geology and its relationship to groundwater occurrence and exploitation: basic theory, groundwater flow systems, surface-groundwater interactions and changes in water quality, field and laboratory techniques, hydrogeological aspects of waste disposal and resource development. This course includes a laboratory component.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 2502 or permission of instructor.

4700. Sedimentary Environments and Facies Models. A detailed examination of recent siliciclastic sedimentary environments, their associated facies models, and application of this knowledge to understanding the origin and character of sandstone hydrocarbon reservoirs. Laboratories consist of several full-day field exercises in Proterozoic and Paleozoic rocks of the Avalon Peninsula, and core studies of reservoir facies in the Mesozoic Jeanne d'Arc Basin of the Grand Banks.
Prerequisite: Earth Sciences 2702 or 3701.

4800. Advanced Paleontology. (Same as Biology 4800 and former Geology 4110 and Earth Sciences 4110). A lecture, laboratory and seminar course dealing with selected topics in general paleontology, including evolution, sources of ontogenetic variation, population paleontology, functional morphology, paleoecology, and statistical methods employed in paleontological studies.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 3811, and Statistics 2510 or Mathematics 2000.

4901. Tectonic Regimes (F). A lecture and seminar course describing the tectonic regimes of the lithosphere, with emphasis on the interactions of structure, sedimentology, igneous-metamorphic petrology and paleogeography; topics covered include stress and deformation of the lithosphere, and the evolution of passive, conservative and active margins; regional examples will stress North American geology.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 3053 or 3054 or 3055; and Earth Sciences 2702 or 3701; and Earth Sciences 2401 or 3400.
NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for Earth Sciences 4901 and the former Earth Sciences 4320.

4902. Early Evolution of the Earth (F). A lecture and seminar course concerned with the segregation of the blue planet from the solar nebula and its differentiation into atmosphere, crust, mantle and core, followed by the interaction of these elements to produce the hydrosphere; topics include the thermal evolution of the Earth, and crust- mantle-core interactions.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 1000 and completion of any 15 credit hours in core courses at the 3000 and/or 4000 level (see General Note 5) in Biology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Earth Sciences, or Physics; or permission of the instructor.

4903. Global Change (W). A lecture and seminar course that studies the interaction of the atmosphere, biosphere and lithosphere; topics covered include the evolution of the biosphere, fluid circulation, global geochemical budget, global environmental changes, and chemical evolution of the hydrosphere.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 1001 or 1002, Biology 2120 or Biology 1001 and 1002 and completion of any 15 credit hours in core courses at the 3000 and/or 4000 levels (see General Note 5) in Biology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Earth Sciences, or Physics; or permission of the instructor.

4905. Field Course in Geological Mapping and Regional Tectonics (F). A two-week field school designed to allow application of techniques introduced in the third year, and to provide an introduction to the Appalachian geology of western and central Newfoundland. Reports must be submitted for grading during the fall semester. The course may be taken by others with the permission of the Head of the Department.
Prerequisites: Earth Sciences 3053 or 3055; and Earth Sciences 2401 and 3905 (or the former 3400); and Earth Sciences 2702 or 3701.

4910-4920. Special Topics in Earth Sciences. Lecture and seminar courses given for undergraduates in their fourth or fifth year who wish to gain more specialized knowledge in a particular field of Earth Sciences than is possible through the standard course offerings. The Department will consider suggestions by students for Special Topics courses, but it must be borne in mind that such a course should normally be approved at least three months before the start of the semester in which it is to be taken.
Prerequisites: Permission of the Head of Department.

4950. Technical Report on Geoscience Employment. Preparation of a publication-quality technical report, about 50 pages in length, based on a study undertaken during geoscience employment. The topic and scope of the study must be approved by the Head of Department prior to its commencement. The same study cannot be used as the basis of a dissertation completed for course ES499A/B. Students will present a seminar or seminars on results of the project, and will be closely advised on proper organization and writing of scientific reports. Some directed reading will be required. This course can only be used as an "additional course" under point (g) of the regulations for General degrees, and under point (h) of the regulations for Honours degrees.
Prerequisites: Completion of nine credit hours in Earth Sciences at 3000-level, and permission of the Head of Department.

499A & 499B. Dissertation. A six-credit hour linked course based on independent study of an approved problem in the Earth Sciences. The subject of study will be decided in consultation with Faculty Advisors and must be approved in advance by the Head of Department. The dissertation cannot be based on the same study used to obtain credit for Earth Sciences 4950. The dissertation is obligatory for Honours students, but may be taken as Science credits by General students with permission of the Head. The first semester will normally involve directed reading, supervised laboratory work, and preparation of a dissertation outline. The second semester will be devoted to data synthesis and interpretation, and to preparation of a formal written report accompanied by appropriate illustrations, to be submitted for grading no later than a formal examination period early in the university examination schedule.


Last modified on May 21, 2002 by MaryJane Puxley

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