FACULTY OF MEDICINE

Background
Mission and Objectives


BACKGROUND

The Faculty of Medicine of Memorial University is the youngest of the 16 Canadian Medical Schools and was one of the four schools suggested by the Hall Royal Commission on Canadian Health Services in its 1964 report.

A series of meetings was begun in 1963 between representatives of Memorial University, the Newfoundland Medical Association, and the Department of Health of the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. Following the Hall Commission's recommendation and on the basis of positive advice from Dr. J. Wendell MacLeod, Executive Secretary of the Association of Canadian Medical Colleges, and Dr. Chester B. Stewart, Dean of Medicine at Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Memorial University established a Commission in 1965 to undertake a feasibility study. The late Dr. J.A. MacFarlane, formerly Dean of Medicine at the University of Toronto, and a member of the Hall Royal Commission served as chairman. The MacFarlane Commission's recommendation that a Medical School be established at Memorial University was confirmed independently by a Royal Commission on Health Services for Newfoundland. The chairman of this latter Commission, Lord Brain, an eminent British medical educator, and his advisors, reported that the location of a Medical School in the province was a necessary step in the provision of adequate medical services for Newfoundland.

Dr. Ian Rusted, a local physician who had been involved in the early negotiations and had taken the initiative in introducing continuing medical education for doctors in the province, was appointed Dean of Medicine in 1967. Under his leadership, faculty members were recruited, the undergraduate program was initiated and the first medical students were admitted in 1969. The existing programs of postgraduate training and continuing medical education were strengthened and the spectrum of medical education was subsequently completed in 1971 with the initiation of a program of graduate studies leading to the degrees of M.Sc. and Ph.D.

The undergraduate curriculum was designed to foster integrated learning and to permit contact with patients early in the student's training. To facilitate this integrated approach the administration of the school was set up as a nondepartmental system based on three Divisions: Community Medicine and Behavioural Sciences, Basic Medical Sciences and Clinical Sciences.

Initially the Medical School was housed in temporary buildings. With joint funding by the Federal and Provincial Governments, a Health Sciences Centre was constructed on the North Campus of the University and was officially opened in 1978. This modern building, occupied by the Medical School and the General Hospital, contains a large Health Sciences Library, a Medical Audiovisual Centre, an Animal Care Unit, auditorium, lecture and seminar rooms. The multipurpose teaching laboratories can be readily adapted for different types of teaching and demonstration. The structure of the Health Sciences Centre facilitates integration between basic scientists, clinicians and allied health workers in the hospital, the University and the community. Clinical research facilities are located adjacent to basic research units and some research laboratories provide services in clinical investigation. Services such as cafeteria and stores are common to the Medical School and the General Hospital.

The General Hospital is part of a network of teaching hospitals in St. John's and throughout the province. The conventional use of major referral centres as teaching resources is complemented by the availability of Regional and Community Hospitals to provide valuable clinical experience for undergraduate and postgraduate students.

In contrast to many other schools, the class size at Memorial's Medical School is small. This permits ready contact between students and faculty, and has obvious advantages in clinical teaching. At present normally 60 students are admitted annually to the first year of the undergraduate medical program.


MISSION AND OBJECTIVES OF THE FACULTY OF MEDICINE

The Mission of the Faculty of Medicine is as follows:

Our purpose is to enhance the health of the people of Newfoundland and Labrador by educating physicians and health scientists; by conducting research in clinical and basic medical sciences and applied health sciences and by promoting the skills and attitudes of lifelong learning

The objectives of the Faculty of Medicine are consistent with the objectives of Memorial University of Newfoundland in developing and maintaining excellence in the quality of its academic standards and of research, establishing programs to meet the expanding needs of the province and of providing the means to reach out to all the people.

The Faculty seeks to attain these objectives through an organizational structure which allows optimum interaction among the various disciplines within the Medical School and with other Faculties and Schools as appropriate.

The organizational structure includes interactions with hospitals and other institutions affiliated with the University. The term 'Medical School' refers to the wider organizational structure of the Faculty of Medicine within the University and the Affiliated Hospitals and institutions.

The specific objectives are:

1. To teach medical students to be physicians; and to provide such learning experiences as will inspire all medical graduates of the school to be prepared to practice medicine at the highest standards, serving all individuals and societies in the pursuit of health.

2. To acknowledge the special geography of this Province by encouraging the education of physicians with exemplary skills for rural practice.

3. To educate and train graduate and diploma students in the health sciences.

4. To provide postgraduate educational experiences in medicine and the medical sciences such that the graduating Canadian physicians will pursue further studies within the school's postgraduate programs, leading to certification in family medicine or specialist subjects, especially in those areas where deficiency in numbers is currently recognized or anticipated.

5. To instill within students at all levels:

a) The wish and the capacity to further the practice and science of medicine through the creation of new knowledge for the improvement of the health of the world's peoples.
b) The wish and the capacity to improve their own professional practice through continuing self-assessment and scholarship.
c) An appreciation of their evolving roles as members of a team of professionals possessing complementary skills.

6. To attract faculty members who will together:

a) Act as a resource in providing undergraduate, graduate, postgraduate, and continuing medical education.
b) Contribute to the advancement of educational methods.
c) Practice the highest quality of primary, secondary, or tertiary care medicine.
d) Show leadership in promoting research into the health of the individual and the community, including the organization of health care delivery systems.
e) Facilitate and promote education and research appropriate to our mid North-Atlantic environment.

7. To provide educational experiences in the health sciences to students from other Schools or Faculties of Memorial University and of other educational institutions.

8. To provide Continuing Medical Education experiences which will help physicians to maintain and enhance their competence in medical skills.

9. To provide a learning environment for undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate students of medicine and the medical sciences who are citizens of other countries.

10. Actively to provide an Informational, Educational and Consultative resource for the whole community.


Last modified on May 21, 2002 by MaryJane Puxley

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