FACULTY OF ARTS

LINGUISTICS COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Department.

NOTE: Courses marked * are intended for students who are completing the Diploma in Native and Northern Education in Labrador and are not normally offered on campus.

1030*. Reading and Writing in Innu-aimun I. This course is intended for fluent speakers of Innu-aimun who are planning to complete the Diploma in Native and Northern Education in Labrador. The focus of the course is to learn to read fluently in Innu-aimun and to spell correctly according to the revised standard spelling system. Emphasis will be placed on using the dictionary as a spelling tool and on the mastery of standard Innu-aimun spelling through a large number of practical exercises. Students will learn to read texts written in the standard spelling system. They will be introduced to parts of speech, gender and number, and word formation.
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

1031*. Reading and Writing in Innu-aimun II. Students will continue to read texts of increasing difficulty and continue to improve their ability to spell correctly. They will learn to interpret and apply punctuation correctly. They will be able to articulate spelling rules and to apply the notions of grammatical spelling agreement of nouns and verbs and pronouns. More complex grammatical notions will be introduced as well as the identification of derivational morphemes. They will master the use of the dictionary as a tool for retrieving grammatical information about words. In addition, they will be introduced to original writing as a method of applying the spelling rules they have learned. This course is intended for fluent speakers of Innu-aimun who are planning to complete the Diploma in Native and Northern Education in Labrador.
Prerequisite: Linguistics 1030.

1100. Language and Communication. A general and non-technical introduction to linguistic concepts which are important for understanding the nature of language and its function for communication. Topics include: languages as structured systems; meaning in language; language, the brain, and language disorders; the acquisition of language; and human vs animal communication. Credit is not given for both Linguistics 1100 and 2100. (Intended for first-year students)

1101. The Wonder of Words. A non-technical introduction to the structure of words. This course presents methods of linguistic analysis based on the words of the student's own language. The origins of technical/scientific words are studied, together with the ways that these words may change in structure, sound, and meaning.

2021. Introduction to Inuttut II.
Prerequisite: Linguistics 2020*.

* Inactive Course

2022*. Issues in Oral Inuttut. This course reviews issues of oral Inuttut. Topics included will be the primary role of oral language in communication, language acquisition and language maintenance. The nature and significance of dialect differences will also be discussed. Different types of oral language will be examined, e.g. stories, newscasts, conversation. Students will study how oral language is used within modern Labrador society and whether language attitudes are reflected in this use. Students will also consider how best to teach oral Inuttut and different ways to test for oral proficiency. This course is intended for students who are fluent in Inuttut.
Prerequisites: Linguistics 2020*.

* Inactive Course

2023*. Reading and Writing in Inuttut. This course reviews issues of written Inuttut. Topics covered will be the role of literacy in modern Labrador, the history of writing in Inuktitut, and the Labrador Inuit Standardized Spelling System. Dialect differences and written texts will also be discussed. Students will practice writing their language (Inuttut), and will investigate the topic of how children learn to read and write. Different types of written materials will be examined from the point of view of language style, etc. This course is intended for students who are fluent in Inuttut.
Prerequisites: Linguistics 2020* and Linguistics 2022.

* Inactive Course

2025. Introduction to Inuktitut I. This course introduces students to Inuktitut (Eskimo). Students will develop a working knowledge of basic vocabulary and grammar, as well as a number of linguistic concepts that will enable them to consult a wide range of reference books. A strong emphasis will be placed on oral skills.
Prerequisites: None.

2026. Introduction to Inuktitut II. This course is a continuation of Linguistics 2025. Students will learn further vocabulary and grammar of the language. They will also be required to submit a project based on their own investigation of some aspect of the grammar of the language (based on either reference books or fieldwork). A strong emphasis will be placed on oral skills.
Prerequisite: Linguistics 2025.

2030. Introduction to Innu-aimun (Montagnais/Naskapi) I. An introduction to the phonology and grammar of the language.
Prerequisite: None, except for students working towards the Diploma in Native and Northern Education in Labrador (T.E.P.L. = Teacher Education Program in Labrador), who are required to have previously taken Linguistics 1030 (Reading and Writing in Innu-aimun I), and Linguistics 1031 (Reading and Writing in Innu-aimun II).

2040. Introduction to Mi'kmaq I. An introduction to the phonology and grammar of the language.

2041. Introduction to Mi'kmaq II.
Prerequisite: Linguistics 2040.

2060. Aboriginal Languages of Eastern Canada. An overview of the aboriginal languages of three language families of Eastern Canada: Eskimo-Aleut (Inuttut) and Algonquian (Innu-aimun, Mi'kmaq, Maliseet-Pasmaquoddy and Beothuk) and Iroquoian (Mohawk) with respect to both linguistic structure and current vitality. The history of language suppression and revitalization efforts, within the context of the larger issues of minority language attrition and maintenance.

2100. Language and Communication. A general and non-technical introduction to linguistic concepts which are important for understanding the nature of language and its function for communication. Topics include: languages as structured systems; meaning in language; language, the brain, and language disorders; the acquisition of language; and human vs animal communication.
NOTES: 1) Credit is not given for both Linguistics 1100 and 2100. (Intended for students beyond the first year.)
2) This course may qualify as a Research/Writing course. Consult each semester's Registration Booklet for the R/W designation.

2103. Introduction to Linguistics: Morphology and Syntax. An introduction to the study of the meaningful components of words and sentences. This course will demonstrate the principles by which parts of words are organized into larger units (inflectional morphology and word-formation), and by which words pattern into phrases and sentences (syntax). Data from English and several other languages will be analysed to illustrate how language is structured.
Prerequisite: None.

2104. Introduction to Linguistics: Phonetics and Phonology. An introduction to the sounds of speech, their description (phonetics), organization (phonology), and interactions with morphology (morphophonology). The patterns and regularities of language will be demonstrated through analysis of data selected from English and other languages.
Prerequisite: None.

2210. Language in Newfoundland and Labrador: An Introduction to Linguistic Variation. A general, non-technical introduction to the languages of Newfoundland and Labrador. Topics covered include the concept of variation within language, both regional and social; the chief causes of such variation, and some of its societal and educational consequences; a survey of the regional and social dialects of Newfoundland English, and their major features; an overview of languages in the province other than English, and their current situation.
Prerequisite: None.
NOTE: This course may qualify as a Research/Writing course. Consult each semester's Registration Booklet for the R/W designation.

2500. Language Families and Linguistic Change. Genetic relationships between languages; the comparative method and language families. Introduction to etymology. Language change: structural change (changes in sounds, word structure, word order, and typology); vocabulary change; meaning change. Examination of data from a wide range of languages. Language contact, in particular, borrowing. Writing systems and transliteration. The use of dictionaries. Introduction to the bibliographical and referencing techniques used in linguistic research and application of these techniques.
Prerequisite: Linguistics 2104.
NOTE: This course may qualify as a Research/Writing course. Consult each semester's Registration Booklet for the R/W designation.

2700. Introduction to Irish Gaelic I. An introduction to standard modern Irish. The course teaches a core vocabulary, the system of pronunciation alternations which form the unique sound-based grammar of the language, the spelling system which captures these sound alternations, and a few simple sentence structures.
Prerequisite: None, but Linguistics 2103 or Linguistics 2104 is recommended.

2701. Introduction to Irish Gaelic II. A continuation of Introduction to Irish Gaelic I. The course develops sentence structures, cases, and verb tenses and strives to reach a basic reading competence of the language. Three hours of classroom instruction plus one hour language lab each week.
Prerequisite: Linguistics 2700.

2702-20. Special Topics in Linguistics.

3000. Morphological Analysis. The meaningful parts from which words are built will be studied by using restricted data from a variety of languages. Practical work on selected languages will illustrate the wide range of notions which acquire formal expression in grammatical systems.
Although previous knowledge of the languages to be discussed is not necessary, an important aspect of the course will be practical experience in analysing phenomena which are foreign to English. Discussion of languages taught at this University will be balanced with analysis of limited data sets from more exotic languages. Comparison of the means by which smaller units are organized into words will make possible an elementary typology of the world's languages.
Prerequisite: Linguistics 2103 and 2104.

3100. Generative Syntax. Introduction to the syntactic theory developed by Chomsky, focusing on three essential notions: linguistic competence, universal grammar and linguistic parameters.
Prerequisite: Linguistics 2103.

3104. Phonetics. This course builds on the introduction to phonetics given in 2104, and deals with the wide range of sounds that are used in human languages. On the practical side, the student will systematically learn to identify, symbolize and pronounce a large number of sounds. The theoretical work will concentrate on an understanding of the articulatory, acoustic and perceptual features of speech sounds. This involves the close examination of data from foreign languages chosen to illustrate the fact that languages differ widely in their selection and organization of speech sounds. It also involves study of selected regional differences in the pronunciation of English.
Prerequisite: Linguistics 2104.

3105. Issues in the Acquisition of English and the Adult Learner. (Same as English 3105). This course focuses on selected issues in the grammatical, lexical, and pragmatic components of adult-learner English. Techniques of contrastive analysis, error analysis, performance analysis, and discourse analysis of corpora from adult English learners are presented and practised.
Prerequisites: English 2390, 3650; Linguistics 2104; Education 2222; English 2010 is recommended.

3155. Introduction to Second Language Acquisition. This course will examine the critical aspects of second language acquisition. Topics include theories of first and second language acquisition, the acquisition of syntax and word meanings, learning strategies, properties of input, as well as the issue of critical period effects on second language learning.
Prerequisite: Linguistics 2103 is required, and Linguistics 2104 is recommended.

3201. Generative Phonology. The purpose of this course is to provide the student with a thorough grounding in Generative Phonology. The first part of the course will be a review of general phonological terms, concepts and methodology. The remainder of the course will present the basic terms, concepts, and methods in some detail. The following topics will be discussed: distinctive features, redundancy, segmental and sequential constraints, underlying representations, rule ordering, abstract and concrete analyses, different types of phonological processes, syllable structure, the analysis of tone, and morphophonological analysis.
Prerequisites: Linguistics 2103 and 2104.

3212. Language and Gender. A survey of language and gender issues, including (i) the representation of males and females in English and other languages; (ii) stereotypes associated with male and female speech; and (iii) sex differences in language production.
Prerequisite: None. Linguistics 2210 or Women's Studies 2000 are recommended.

3302. History of the French Language. (Same as French 3302). A summary of the origins of French, including the influence of Gaulish languages, Vulgar Latin, Frankish, and the langue d'oc/langue d'oil division; a survey of the dialects, morphology and syntax of Old French and of the evolution from Old to Middle French, including phonology, morphology, syntax and vocabulary.
Prerequisites: Classics 1120 and 1121 and French 2101 and 2300.

3310. Phonology and Morphology of French. (Same as French 3310). Examination of the phonological and morphological structure of French. Data from regional and non-standard varieties contrasted with data from standard French: formal rules to deal with observed regularities. Interactions of phonology and morphology in phenomena such as liaison. Derivational and inflectional morphology. Research articles on one or more of the topics dealt with in the course will be assigned as readings, and a written report in French based on one or more of the articles is to be submitted as part of the term work.
This course will normally be taught in French.
Prerequisite: French 2300 or both Linguistics 2104 and either French 2100 or 2159.
NOTE: Students who have not completed French 2300 are strongly advised to complete at least three credit hours in French courses at the 2000 level before attempting 3310.

3311. Introduction to General Linguistics: Aspects of French Linguistic Theory. (Same as French 3311). A practical examination of the French verbal system, with a thorough exposition of the systems of aspect, voice, tense and mood. The fundamental concepts of linguistics will form the framework of this exposition: the langue/parole distinction and its relationship to underlying and surface entities; language as activity and the generation of surface elements from underlying subsystems. This course will normally be taught in French.
Prerequisite: A Linguistics course or French 2100 or 2159.

3500. Historical Linguistics. This course will focus on: methods of establishing language relatedness; comparative reconstruction; internal reconstruction; typologies of change found in phonetics and phonology, in morphology and syntax, and in lexicon and word meaning; the roles of different degrees and types of language and dialect contact in the above changes. Course data will be drawn from Indo-European and non Indo-European language families.
Prerequisites: Linguistics 2103, 2104 and 2500.

3850. Semantics. Introduction to the study of linguistic meaning. Word- and sentence-level semantics, grammatical meaning, pragmatics, and logical aspects of meaning.
Prerequisites: Linguistics 2103 and 2104 are required, and Linguistics 3000 and 3100 are recommended.

3950-60. Special Topics in Linguistics.

4001. Morphosyntactic Analysis. Analysis of a wide range of linguistic data in morphology and syntax. The course will focus on essential linguistic concepts in more than one theoretical framework, and on the nature of linguistic evidence.
Prerequisites: Linguistics 3000, 3100.

4010-4091. Courses in the range 4010-4091 focus on the linguistic structure of certain languages, and are designed to provide senior students with the opportunity of being exposed to a substantial part of the grammar of a language other than those regularly offered in the Faculty of Arts. One course in this series will be offered each year, subject to availability of instructor.
Prerequisites: Linguistics 2103 and 2104, or the permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.

1. Aboriginal Languages of Canada

4010 and 4011. Linguistic Structure of Cree I & II.

4020 and 4021. Linguistic Structure of Inuttut I & II.
NOTE: Credit will not be given for both Linguistics 4020 and 4021 and any course in the series Linguistics 2020* to 2026.

* Inactive Course

4030 and 4031. Linguistic Structure of Innu-aimun (Montagnais/Naskapi) I & II.

4040 and 4041. Linguistic Structure of Mi'kmaq I & II.

2. Selected Languages: Ancient and Modern

4060 and 4061. Linguistic Introduction to Latvian I & II.

4065 and 4066. Linguistic Introduction to the Structure of Fijian I & II.

4070 and 4071. Linguistic Introduction to Modern Arabic I & II.

4080 and 4081. Linguistic Introduction to Swahili I & II.

4090 and 4091. Linguistic Introduction to Classical and Vedic Sanskrit I & II. Introduction to the Sanskrit language preparatory to i) readings in original Classical Sanskrit literature and ii) advanced historical and comparative study of the Indo-European group of languages. The study of grammar in both classical language and Vedic dialect, through prose and poetry, and through the study of Panini's grammar. Western and Hindu grammatical tradition will be examined.

4110. Selected Topics in Generative Grammar. (Usually offered in alternate years).
Prerequisite: Linguistics 3100.

4201. Phonological Theory. This course will cover further work in generative phonology, and compare the generative approach with other approaches to phonology. Different views of the phoneme; the status of the phoneme as distinct from the morphophoneme; typical syntagmatic problems of segmentation and canonical form; typical paradigmatic problems of distinctive feature assignment, redundancy, and neutralization; concepts such as simplicity, economy, generality, naturalness, and markedness; some problems of rule ordering; an introduction to the suprasegmentals. (Usually offered in alternate years). This course qualifies as a Research/Writing course.
Prerequisites: Linguistics 3201.

4210. Sociolinguistics. The detailed patterns of variation found in any given speech community, and factors which co-vary with them; the various theoretical models proposed to account for such variability. As their major assignment, students will complete a carefully restricted sociolinguistic project. (Usually offered in alternate years).
Prerequisites: Linguistics 2103, 2104, and 2210.

4400. Historical and Comparative Linguistics. Advanced work in the comparison and reconstruction of phonological and morphological systems (primarily Indo-European) and theoretical issues of linguistic change. Reconstruction of the Proto-Indo-European phonological, morphological and syntactic systems and the nature and variety of systems that have developed from them in major Indo-European branches (Indo-Iranian, Hellenic, Romance, Germanic, Slavonic). The reconstruction of Indo-European ablaut and laryngeals and its impact on the development of internal reconstruction as a method of historical linguistics. The course is designed to permit the coherent study of selected topics from contemporary literature (e.g. transformational and variationist theory) dealing with historical and comparative linguistics. (Usually offered in alternate years).
Prerequisites: Linguistics 3000, 3201, 3500.

4420. English Dialectology I. (Same as English 4420). Scope and applications of dialect study; history of English dialects; standard versus non-standard varieties; development of dialect study, especially linguistic geography; non-standard dialect and literature.

4500. Introduction to Field Methods. Data collection and organization for an unfamiliar language in a simulated field situation, including methods of elicitation, data filing, preliminary analysis, and hypothesis formation and testing. (Usually offered in alternate years).
Prerequisites: Linguistics 3000, 3100, 3104, and 3201.

4700. Experimental Phonetics. Some empirical methods of studying the different stages of 'the speech chain' which links speaker to hearer, with special emphasis on the acoustic and perceptual stages. The source-plus-filter theory of speech production. A survey of the range of natural articulations and their acoustic effects. Some competing theories of speech perception. Acoustic versus perceptual bases for phonological features.
Prerequisite: Linguistics 3104, or permission of the Head of Department.

4950-60. Special Topics in Linguistics.
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

4999. Honours Essay.


Last modified on May 21, 2002 by MaryJane Puxley

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