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Publications

2014

Chaulk, S. J., Eastwood, J., & Snook, B. (2014). Measuring and predicting police caution comprehension in adult offenders. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 56, 323-340. doi:10.3138/CJCCJ.2013.E02 [PDF]

Eastwood, J., Snook, B., & Luther, K. (2014). On the need to ensure better comprehension of interrogation rights. Canadian Criminal Law Review. [PDF]

Freedman, S., Eastwood, J., Snook, B., & Luther, K. (2014). Safeguarding youth interrogation rights: The effect of grade level and reading complexity of youth waiver forms on the comprehension of legal rights. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 28, 427-431. doi:10.1002/acp.3001 [PDF]

Luther, K., Snook, B., Barron, T., & Lamb, M. E. (2014). Child interviewing practices in Canada: A box score from field observations. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology. [PDF]

Luther, K., Snook, B., & Luther, E. (2014). Mesure de la complexité de lecture des formulaires de déclaration et renonciation aux droits pour adolescents québécois. Revue canadienne de criminologie et de justice pénale. [PDF]

Luther, K., Snook, B., MacDonald, S., Barron, T. (2014). Securing the admissibility of witness statements: An estimation of the complexity and comprehension of Canadian "KGB Warnings". Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology. [PDF] | [National Post News Article]

Snook, B., Luther K., Eastwood, J., Collins, R., & Evans, S. (2014). Advancing legal literacy: The effect of listenability on the comprehension of interrogation rights. Legal and Criminological Psychology. [PDF]

Snook, B., Eastwood, J., & Barron. T. (2014). The next stage in the evolution of interrogations: The PEACE model. Canadian Criminal Law Review. [PDF]

2013

Richardson, B. H. Taylor, P. J., Snook, B., Conchie, S. M., & Bennell, C. (2013). Language style matching and police interrogation outcome. Law and Human Behavior. [PDF]

Taylor, P. J., Snook, B., Bennell, C., & Porter, L. (forthcoming). Investigative psychology. In B. L. Cutler & P. A. Zapf (Eds.), APA Handbook for Forensic Psychology.

Snook, B., Luther, K., & MacDonald, S. (forthcoming). Linking crimes with spatial behaviour: A need to tackle some remaining methodological concerns. In C. Bennell & J. Woodhams (Eds.), Crime linkage: Theory, research, and practice. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

2012

Eastwood, J., Snook, B., & Luther, K. (2012). What people want from their professionals: Attitudes toward decision making strategies. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 25, 458-468. doi:10.1002/bdm.741 [PDF]

Eastwood, J., & Snook, B. (2012). The effect of listenability factors on the comprehension of police cautions. Law and Human Behavior, 36, 117-183. doi: 10.1007/s10979-011-9275-3 [PDF]

Eastwood, J., Snook, B., & Luther, K. (2012). Measuring the reading complexity and oral comprehension of Canadian youth waiver forms. Crime and Delinquency. doi:10.1177/0011128712453689 [PDF]

Snook, B., Luther, K., Quinlan, H., & Milne, R. (2012). Let 'em talk! A field study of police questioning practices of suspects and accused persons. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 39, 1328-1339. doi:10.1177/0093854812449216 [PDF]

Snook, B., Luther, K., House, J. C., & Bennell, C., & Taylor, P. J. (2012). Violent crime linkage analysis system: A test of inter-rater reliability. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 39, 607-619. doi:10.1177/0093854811435208 [PDF] [CJB Interview]

Bennell, C., Snook, MacDonald, S., House, J., & Taylor, P. J., (2012). Computerized crime linkage systems : A critical review and research agenda. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 39, 620-637. doi:10.1177/0093854811435210 [PDF]

Snook, B., House, J.C., MacDonald, S., & Eastwood, J. (2012). Police witness interview training, supervision, and feedback: A survey of Canadian police officers. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 54, 363-372. doi:10.3138/cjccj.2011.E.13 [PDF]

2011

Snook, B., & Keating, K. (2011). A field study of adult witness interviewing practices in a Canadian police organization. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 16, 160-172. doi: 10.1348/135532510X497258 [PDF]

2010

Snook, B., Dhami, M. K., Kavanagh, J. M. (2010). Simply criminal: Predicting burglars' occupancy decisions with a simple heuristic. Law and Human Behavior, [PDF]

Snook, B., Eastwood, J., & MacDonald, S. (2010). A descriptive analysis of how Canadian police officers administer the right-to-silence and right-to-legal counsel cautions. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 52(5), 545-560. [PDF]

Bennell, C., Bloomfield, S., Snook, B., Taylor, P. J., & Barnes. C. (2010). Linkage analysis in cases of serial burglary: Comparing the performance of university students, police professionals, and a logistic regression model. Psychology, Crime, and Law, 16, 507-524. doi: 10.1080/10683160902971030 [PDF]

Snook, B., Eastwood, J., Gendreau, P., & Bennell, C. (2010). The importance of knowledge cumulation and the search for hidden agendas: A reply to Kocsis, Middledorp, and Karpin (2008). Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice, 10 (3), 214-223. doi: 10.1080/15228930903550541 [PDF]

Bennell, C, Emeno, K., Snook, B., Taylor, P. J., & Goodwill, A. M. (2010). The precision, accuracy, and efficiency of geographic profiling predictions: A simple heuristic versus mathematical algorithms. Crime mapping: A journal of research and practice, 1, 65-84. [PDF]

Eastwood, J., Snook, B., & Chaulk, S. J. (2010). Measuring reading complexity and listening comprehension of Canadian police cautions. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 34(4), 453-471. doi:10.1177/0093854810362053 [PDF]

Snook, B., Eastwood, J., Stinson, M., Tedeschini, J., & House, J. C. (2010). Reforming investigative interviewing in Canada. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 52(2), 203-217. [PDF] Media Interest: CBC - The Current; CanWest

Snook, B., & Mercer, J. C. (2010). Modelling police officers' judgments of the veracity of suicide notes. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 52(1), 79-95. [PDF] Media Interest: CanWest, Maclean's Magazine

2009

Eastwood, J., & Snook, B. (2009). Comprehending Canadian police cautions: Are the rights to silence and legal counsel understandable? Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 28, 366-377. doi:10.1002/bsl.898 [PDF]

Snook, B., Grant, M. J., Button, C. M. (2009). A judgment analysis of social perceptions of attitudes and abilities. Thinking and Reasoning, 15, 319-336.[PDF]

Snook, B., Taylor, P. J., Gendreau, P., & Bennell, C. (2009). On the need for scientific experimentation in the criminal profiling field: A reply to Dern et al. (2009). Criminal Justice and Behavior, 10, 1091-1094. [PDF]

King, L., & Snook, B. (2009). Peering inside the Canadian interrogation room: An examination of the Reid model of interrogation, influence tactics, and coercive strategies. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 36, 674-694. [PDF]

Snook, B., Doan, B., Cullen, R. M., Kavanagh, J., & Eastwood, J. (2009). Research and publication trends in police psychology: A review of five forensic psychology journals. The Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 24, 45-50. [PDF]

2008

House, J. C., Eastwood, J., & Snook, B. (2008). Reducing investigative failures through effective major case leadership. In K. D. Rossmo (Ed.), Criminal investigative failures (pp. 293-324). Oxford, UK: Taylor & Francis.

Snook, B., & Cullen, R. M. (2008). Bounded rationality and criminal investigations: Has tunnel vision been wrongfully convicted? In K. D. Rossmo (Ed.), Criminal investigative failures (pp 69-96).Oxford, UK: Taylor & Francis. [PDF]

Doan, B., & Snook, B. (2008). A failure to find empirical support for the homology assumption in criminal profiling. The Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 23, 61-70. [PDF]

Snook, B. (2008). Introduction to special issue: Pseudoscientific policing practices and beliefs. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 35 (10), 1211-1214. [PDF]

Snook, B., Cullen, R. M., Bennell, C., Taylor, P. J., & Gendreau, P. (2008). The criminal profiling illusion: What’s behind the smoke and mirrors? Criminal Justice and Behavior, 35 (10), 1257-1276. [PDF]

  • This paper prompted the following response: Dern, H., Dern, C., Horn, A., & Horn, U. (2009). The fire behind the smoke: A reply to Snook and colleagues. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 36(10), 1085-1090. [see our counter reply above]

Taylor, P. J., Bennell, C., & Snook, B. (2008). The bounds of cognitive heuristic performance on the geographic profiling task. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 22, 410 -430. [PDF]

Snook, B., Gendreau, P., Bennell, C., & Taylor, P. J. (2008). Criminal profiling: Granfalloons and gobbledygook. Skeptic, 14(2), 36-41. [PDF]

2007

Bennell, C., Taylor , P. J., & Snook, B. (2007). Clinical versus actuarial geographic profiling approaches: A review of the research. Police Practice and Research, 8, 335-345. [PDF]

Bennell, C., Snook, B., Taylor, P. J., Corey, S., & Keyton, J. (2007). It's no riddle, choose the middle: The effect of number of crimes and topographical detail on police officer predictions of serial burglars' home locations. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 34, 119-132. [PDF]

Snook, B., Eastwood, J., Gendreau, P., Goggin, C., & Cullen, R. M. (2007). Taking stock of criminal profiling: A narrative review and meta-analysis. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 34, 437-453. [PDF]

  • Reprinted in Bartol, C. R., & Bartol, A. M. (2008). Current perspectives in forensic psychology and criminal behavior (pp. 49-54). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Snook, B., Haines, A., Taylor, P. J., & Bennell, C. (2007). Criminal profiling belief and use: A survey of Canadian police officer opinion. Canadian Journal of Police and Security Services, 5, 169-179. [PDF]

2006

Bennell, C., Jones, N., Taylor, P. J., & Snook, B. (2006). Validities and abilities in criminal profiling: A critique of the studies conducted by Richard Kocsis and his colleagues. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 50, 344-360. [PDF]

Eastwood, J., Cullen, R. M., Kavanagh, J., & Snook, B. (2006). A review of the validity of criminal profiling. Canadian Journal of Police and Security Services 4, 118-124. [PDF]

House, J. C., Cullen, R. M., Snook, B., & Noble, P. (2006). Improving the effectiveness of the National DNA Data Bank: A consideration of the criminal antecedents of predatory sexual offenders. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 48, 61-76. [PDF]

Snook, B., & Cullen, R. M. (2006). Recognizing national hockey league greatness with an ignorance-based heuristic. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 60, 33-43. [PDF]

Cullen, R., Snook, B. Rideout, K., Eastwood, J., & House, J. C. (2006). Using local police data to inform investigative decision-making: A study of commerical robbers' spatial decisions. Canadian Journal of Police and Security Services, 4(4), 193-204. [PDF]

2005

Snook, B., Cullen, R. M., Mokros, A., & Harbort, S. (2005). Serial murderers spatial decisions: Factors that influence crime location choice. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, 2, 147-164. [PDF]

Snook, B., Taylor, P. J., & Bennell, C. (2005). Shortcuts to geographic profiling success: A reply to Rossmo (2005). Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19, 1-7.[PDF]

Snook, B., Zito, M., Bennell, C., & Taylor, P. J. (2005). On the complexity and accuracy of geographic profiling strategies. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 21, 1-26. [PDF]

2004

Snook, B. (2004). Individual differences in distance travelled by serial burglars. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, 1, 53-66. [PDF]

Snook, B., Taylor, P. J., & Bennell, C. (2004). Geographic profiling: the fast, frugal, and accurate way. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 18, 105-121. [PDF]

  • Reprinted In Gigerenzer, G., Hertwig, R., & Pachur, T. (Eds.). (2011). Heuristics: The foundations of adaptive behavior. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • This paper prompted two responses: (i) Rossmo, K. (2005). Geographic Heuristics or Shortcuts to Failure?: Response to Snook et al. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19, 651-654.; and (ii) Canter, D. (2005). Confusing Operational Predicaments and Cognitive Explorations: Comments on Rossmo and Snook et al. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19, 663-668.

2002

Snook, B., Canter, D. V., & Bennell, C. (2002). Predicting the home location of serial offenders: A preliminary comparison of the accuracy of human judges with a geographic profiling system. Behavioural Sciences and The Law, 20, 109-118. [PDF]

  • Reprinted In Canter, D. V., & Youngs D. (2008). Applications of geographical offender profiling (pp. 207-218). Aldershot, UK: Ashgate.

Taylor, P. J., Bennell, C., & Snook, B. (2002). Problems of classification in investigative psychology. In K. Jajugar, A. Sokolowski, & H. H. Bock (Eds.), Classification, clustering, and data analysis: Recent advances and applications (pp. 479-487). Heidelberg: Springer. [PDF]

2001

Alison, L. J., Snook, B., & Stein, K. L. (2001). Unobtrusive measures: Using police information for forensic research. Qualitative Research, 1, 241-254. [PDF]

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