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Publications

2014

Chaulk, S. J., Eastwood, J., & Snook, B. (2014). Measuring and predicting police caution comprehension in adult offenders. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 56, 323-340. doi:10.3138/CJCCJ.2013.E02 [PDF]

Eastwood, J., Snook, B., & Luther, K. (2014). On the need to ensure better comprehension of interrogation rights. Canadian Criminal Law Review. [PDF]

Freedman, S., Eastwood, J., Snook, B., & Luther, K. (2014). Safeguarding youth interrogation rights: The effect of grade level and reading complexity of youth waiver forms on the comprehension of legal rights. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 28, 427-431. doi:10.1002/acp.3001 [PDF]

Luther, K., Snook, B., Barron, T., & Lamb, M. E. (2014). Child interviewing practices in Canada: A box score from field observations. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology. [PDF]

Luther, K., Snook, B., MacDonald, S., Barron, T. (2014). Securing the admissibility of witness statements: An estimation of the complexity and comprehension of Canadian "KGB Warnings". Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology. [PDF] | [National Post News Article]

Snook, B., Luther K., Eastwood, J., Collins, R., & Evans, S. (2014). Advancing legal literacy: The effect of listenability on the comprehension of interrogation rights. Legal and Criminological Psychology. [PDF]

Snook, B., Eastwood, J., & Barron. T. (2014). The next stage in the evolution of interrogations: The PEACE model. Canadian Criminal Law Review. [PDF]

2013

Luther, K., Snook, B., & Luther, E. (in press). Mesure de la complexité de lecture des formulaires de déclaration et renonciation aux droits pour adolescents québécois. Revue canadienne de criminologie et de justice pénale.

Richardson, B. H. Taylor, P. J., Snook, B., Conchie, S. M., & Bennell, C. (2013). Language style matching and police interrogation outcome. Law and Human Behavior. [PDF]

Taylor, P. J., Snook, B., Bennell, C., & Porter, L. (forthcoming). Investigative psychology. In B. L. Cutler & P. A. Zapf (Eds.), APA Handbook for Forensic Psychology.

Snook, B., Luther, K., & MacDonald, S. (forthcoming). Linking crimes with spatial behaviour: A need to tackle some remaining methodological concerns. In C. Bennell & J. Woodhams (Eds.), Crime linkage: Theory, research, and practice. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

2012

Eastwood, J., Snook, B., & Luther, K. (2012). What people want from their professionals: Attitudes toward decision making strategies. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 25, 458-468. doi:10.1002/bdm.741 [PDF]

Eastwood, J., & Snook, B. (2012). The effect of listenability factors on the comprehension of police cautions. Law and Human Behavior, 36, 117-183. doi: 10.1007/s10979-011-9275-3 [PDF]

Eastwood, J., Snook, B., & Luther, K. (2012). Measuring the reading complexity and oral comprehension of Canadian youth waiver forms. Crime and Delinquency. doi:10.1177/0011128712453689 [PDF]

Snook, B., Luther, K., Quinlan, H., & Milne, R. (2012). Let 'em talk! A field study of police questioning practices of suspects and accused persons. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 39, 1328-1339. doi:10.1177/0093854812449216 [PDF]

Snook, B., Luther, K., House, J. C., & Bennell, C., & Taylor, P. J. (2012). Violent crime linkage analysis system: A test of inter-rater reliability. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 39, 607-619. doi:10.1177/0093854811435208 [PDF] [CJB Interview]

Bennell, C., Snook, MacDonald, S., House, J., & Taylor, P. J., (2012). Computerized crime linkage systems : A critical review and research agenda. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 39, 620-637. doi:10.1177/0093854811435210 [PDF]

Snook, B., House, J.C., MacDonald, S., & Eastwood, J. (2012). Police witness interview training, supervision, and feedback: A survey of Canadian police officers. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 54, 363-372. doi:10.3138/cjccj.2011.E.13 [PDF]

2011

Snook, B., & Keating, K. (2011). A field study of adult witness interviewing practices in a Canadian police organization. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 16, 160-172. doi: 10.1348/135532510X497258 [PDF]

2010

Snook, B., Dhami, M. K., Kavanagh, J. M. (2010). Simply criminal: Predicting burglars' occupancy decisions with a simple heuristic. Law and Human Behavior, [PDF]

Snook, B., Eastwood, J., & MacDonald, S. (2010). A descriptive analysis of how Canadian police officers administer the right-to-silence and right-to-legal counsel cautions. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 52(5), 545-560. [PDF]

Bennell, C., Bloomfield, S., Snook, B., Taylor, P. J., & Barnes. C. (2010). Linkage analysis in cases of serial burglary: Comparing the performance of university students, police professionals, and a logistic regression model. Psychology, Crime, and Law, 16, 507-524. doi: 10.1080/10683160902971030 [PDF]

Snook, B., Eastwood, J., Gendreau, P., & Bennell, C. (2010). The importance of knowledge cumulation and the search for hidden agendas: A reply to Kocsis, Middledorp, and Karpin (2008). Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice, 10 (3), 214-223. doi: 10.1080/15228930903550541 [PDF]

Bennell, C, Emeno, K., Snook, B., Taylor, P. J., & Goodwill, A. M. (2010). The precision, accuracy, and efficiency of geographic profiling predictions: A simple heuristic versus mathematical algorithms. Crime mapping: A journal of research and practice, 1, 65-84. [PDF]

Eastwood, J., Snook, B., & Chaulk, S. J. (2010). Measuring reading complexity and listening comprehension of Canadian police cautions. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 34(4), 453-471. doi:10.1177/0093854810362053 [PDF]

Snook, B., Eastwood, J., Stinson, M., Tedeschini, J., & House, J. C. (2010). Reforming investigative interviewing in Canada. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 52(2), 203-217. [PDF] Media Interest: CBC - The Current; CanWest

Snook, B., & Mercer, J. C. (2010). Modelling police officers' judgments of the veracity of suicide notes. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 52(1), 79-95. [PDF] Media Interest: CanWest, Maclean's Magazine

2009

Eastwood, J., & Snook, B. (2009). Comprehending Canadian police cautions: Are the rights to silence and legal counsel understandable? Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 28, 366-377. doi:10.1002/bsl.898 [PDF]

Snook, B., Grant, M. J., Button, C. M. (2009). A judgment analysis of social perceptions of attitudes and abilities. Thinking and Reasoning, 15, 319-336.[PDF]

Snook, B., Taylor, P. J., Gendreau, P., & Bennell, C. (2009). On the need for scientific experimentation in the criminal profiling field: A reply to Dern et al. (2009). Criminal Justice and Behavior, 10, 1091-1094. [PDF]

King, L., & Snook, B. (2009). Peering inside the Canadian interrogation room: An examination of the Reid model of interrogation, influence tactics, and coercive strategies. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 36, 674-694. [PDF]

Snook, B., Doan, B., Cullen, R. M., Kavanagh, J., & Eastwood, J. (2009). Research and publication trends in police psychology: A review of five forensic psychology journals. The Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 24, 45-50. [PDF]

2008

House, J. C., Eastwood, J., & Snook, B. (2008). Reducing investigative failures through effective major case leadership. In K. D. Rossmo (Ed.), Criminal investigative failures (pp. 293-324). Oxford, UK: Taylor & Francis.

Snook, B., & Cullen, R. M. (2008). Bounded rationality and criminal investigations: Has tunnel vision been wrongfully convicted? In K. D. Rossmo (Ed.), Criminal investigative failures (pp 69-96).Oxford, UK: Taylor & Francis. [PDF]

Doan, B., & Snook, B. (2008). A failure to find empirical support for the homology assumption in criminal profiling. The Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 23, 61-70. [PDF]

Snook, B. (2008). Introduction to special issue: Pseudoscientific policing practices and beliefs. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 35 (10), 1211-1214. [PDF]

Snook, B., Cullen, R. M., Bennell, C., Taylor, P. J., & Gendreau, P. (2008). The criminal profiling illusion: What’s behind the smoke and mirrors? Criminal Justice and Behavior, 35 (10), 1257-1276. [PDF]

  • This paper prompted the following response: Dern, H., Dern, C., Horn, A., & Horn, U. (2009). The fire behind the smoke: A reply to Snook and colleagues. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 36(10), 1085-1090. [see our counter reply above]

Taylor, P. J., Bennell, C., & Snook, B. (2008). The bounds of cognitive heuristic performance on the geographic profiling task. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 22, 410 -430. [PDF]

Snook, B., Gendreau, P., Bennell, C., & Taylor, P. J. (2008). Criminal profiling: Granfalloons and gobbledygook. Skeptic, 14(2), 36-41. [PDF]

2007

Bennell, C., Taylor , P. J., & Snook, B. (2007). Clinical versus actuarial geographic profiling approaches: A review of the research. Police Practice and Research, 8, 335-345. [PDF]

Bennell, C., Snook, B., Taylor, P. J., Corey, S., & Keyton, J. (2007). It's no riddle, choose the middle: The effect of number of crimes and topographical detail on police officer predictions of serial burglars' home locations. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 34, 119-132. [PDF]

Snook, B., Eastwood, J., Gendreau, P., Goggin, C., & Cullen, R. M. (2007). Taking stock of criminal profiling: A narrative review and meta-analysis. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 34, 437-453. [PDF]

  • Reprinted in Bartol, C. R., & Bartol, A. M. (2008). Current perspectives in forensic psychology and criminal behavior (pp. 49-54). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Snook, B., Haines, A., Taylor, P. J., & Bennell, C. (2007). Criminal profiling belief and use: A survey of Canadian police officer opinion. Canadian Journal of Police and Security Services, 5, 169-179. [PDF]

2006

Bennell, C., Jones, N., Taylor, P. J., & Snook, B. (2006). Validities and abilities in criminal profiling: A critique of the studies conducted by Richard Kocsis and his colleagues. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 50, 344-360. [PDF]

Eastwood, J., Cullen, R. M., Kavanagh, J., & Snook, B. (2006). A review of the validity of criminal profiling. Canadian Journal of Police and Security Services 4, 118-124. [PDF]

House, J. C., Cullen, R. M., Snook, B., & Noble, P. (2006). Improving the effectiveness of the National DNA Data Bank: A consideration of the criminal antecedents of predatory sexual offenders. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 48, 61-76. [PDF]

Snook, B., & Cullen, R. M. (2006). Recognizing national hockey league greatness with an ignorance-based heuristic. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 60, 33-43. [PDF]

Cullen, R., Snook, B. Rideout, K., Eastwood, J., & House, J. C. (2006). Using local police data to inform investigative decision-making: A study of commerical robbers' spatial decisions. Canadian Journal of Police and Security Services, 4(4), 193-204. [PDF]

2005

Snook, B., Cullen, R. M., Mokros, A., & Harbort, S. (2005). Serial murderers spatial decisions: Factors that influence crime location choice. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, 2, 147-164. [PDF]

Snook, B., Taylor, P. J., & Bennell, C. (2005). Shortcuts to geographic profiling success: A reply to Rossmo (2005). Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19, 1-7.[PDF]

Snook, B., Zito, M., Bennell, C., & Taylor, P. J. (2005). On the complexity and accuracy of geographic profiling strategies. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 21, 1-26. [PDF]

2004

Snook, B. (2004). Individual differences in distance travelled by serial burglars. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, 1, 53-66. [PDF]

Snook, B., Taylor, P. J., & Bennell, C. (2004). Geographic profiling: the fast, frugal, and accurate way. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 18, 105-121. [PDF]

  • Reprinted In Gigerenzer, G., Hertwig, R., & Pachur, T. (Eds.). (2011). Heuristics: The foundations of adaptive behavior. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • This paper prompted two responses: (i) Rossmo, K. (2005). Geographic Heuristics or Shortcuts to Failure?: Response to Snook et al. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19, 651-654.; and (ii) Canter, D. (2005). Confusing Operational Predicaments and Cognitive Explorations: Comments on Rossmo and Snook et al. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19, 663-668.

2002

Snook, B., Canter, D. V., & Bennell, C. (2002). Predicting the home location of serial offenders: A preliminary comparison of the accuracy of human judges with a geographic profiling system. Behavioural Sciences and The Law, 20, 109-118. [PDF]

  • Reprinted In Canter, D. V., & Youngs D. (2008). Applications of geographical offender profiling (pp. 207-218). Aldershot, UK: Ashgate.

Taylor, P. J., Bennell, C., & Snook, B. (2002). Problems of classification in investigative psychology. In K. Jajugar, A. Sokolowski, & H. H. Bock (Eds.), Classification, clustering, and data analysis: Recent advances and applications (pp. 479-487). Heidelberg: Springer. [PDF]

2001

Alison, L. J., Snook, B., & Stein, K. L. (2001). Unobtrusive measures: Using police information for forensic research. Qualitative Research, 1, 241-254. [PDF]

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