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Style Sheet

Newfoundland Quarterly Style Sheet

Updated March 13, 2018, by J Sullivan

Publisher: Office of Public Engagement, Memorial University of Newfoundland

Dictionaries: Canadian Oxford, Second Edition

Dictionary of Newfoundland English, Second Edition

Style Guide: for anything not addressed here, Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Edition

2018 copy deadlines: February 23, May 4, July 27 & October 26.

2018 publishing dates: April 2, June 11, September 4 & December 3

Miscellaneous Style

No periods after initials (M Ryan) or abbreviations (St John’s, LA, US) or honourifics (Dr) 

Use honourifics and full name on first introduction and then use surname (Dr Charles Janeway; Janeway)

No space between two initials (TS Eliot)

For all periodical titles, do not capitalize the ‘the” – Evening Telegram, Globe and Mail – excepting The New Yorker and The Times (London)

Beware verbification – making verbs of nouns. These are often passive.

fall, winter, not Fall, Winter

Christmas not Xmas

capelin not caplin

Titles use headline caps

Headings and subheadings use sentence caps

in numbers, th, st and rd (for example, 19th, 1st) as superscript

No hard rights (double spaces) between paragraphs

Single tab indents to begin paragraphs

Do not double space at the beginning of sentences

Avoid trendy phrases and clichés, especially in ledes: no-brainer, throw someone under the bus, unless you've been living under a rock/in a cave


Format as endnotes; Chicago style, with arabic (1,2,3) not Roman numbering

We try to keep footnotes scarce. Aim for a more readerly, less academic look and tone. Ideally, footnotes enhance the text as well as provide citations.


Omit comma after introductory words (So, Yet, But, And)

Use serial comma

Use comma after introductory phrases/clauses, unless they are brief

Use pair commas in place identifiers (He lived in Belleville, Ontario, until he moved to Harstad, Norway, in 2013.)

Use comma before coordinating conjunctions, unless they are brief

Use single quotation marks only for quotations within quotations

For words as words, italicize (You can look up sleveen in the DNE.)

For possessive of proper nouns, ‘s in all cases (Squires’s) unless the 's' would not be pronounced

Do not use apostrophes with acronyms to indicate multiples: NQs not NQ's

Use en dash to connect dates 1703–1792. Within one century, do repeat first two digits (1703–1792, not 1703–92).

i.e. and e.g. to be written out in running text (that is and for example) and followed by a comma in notes, figures, etc.

quotations marks outside period (.", not the British ".)

space em dash space

space ellipsis space

Numbers and dates

One to ten, 11 + (but 1-10 as numerals if immediate context includes several numerals)

1,000,000 (commas, no spaces)

19th century (with th superscript)

February 8, 1913,


For 20th century dates use all four digits (1960s, not 60s or ‘60s)

$100 (not $100.00 unless the digits after the decimal are other than 0)

per cent

1:00pm, 7:45am


em dashes set tight

space before and after ellipsis

dbl consonant before –ing or –ed (benefitting)

one space (not two) between sentences and after colons


Present tense, crisp, and integrated with the main text

Pay special attention to

Restrictive and non-restrictive clauses (commas)

Parallelism in lists

Punctuation in lists

Placement of only

Participles and dangling participles

Dangling modifiers

Generally speaking, just use "said" as opposed to "opined," "chuckled," etc.


Any more (quantity) anymore (time)


travelling not traveling

storey (as in a two-storey house) not story

ok not OK or Okay

Skeptic not sceptic

As such does not mean therefore

Page – write it out in running text, or put p in parentheses (see p 3)


Profanity is rarely appropriate for NQ. And the term 'Newfie' requires careful justification. 


Please submit as separate files, not inserted in the text; please ensure they are a minimum of 300 dpi (resolution) at actual/preferred print size in JPG or TIFF

Notes particular to NQ

The Newfoundland Regiment became Royal in December 1917

There was no "Battle of Beaumont-Hamel", strictly speaking: there was fighting at Beaumont-Hamel during the Battle of the Somme; when the Newfoundlanders went over the top on July 1, 1916, this was part of what was then called The July Drive

The Newfoundland Constabulary became Royal in 1979

Bowring (not Bowering)

Joseph R Smallwood (not Joey)

The Evening Telegram became the Telegram in 1998

Newfoundland was a colony until 1907 (self-governing after 1855), a Dominion 1907-1949, and administered by the British-appointed Commission of Government 1933-1949

The traditional abbreviations for Newfoundland are Nfld (largely pre-Confederation), NF (post-Confederation to the early 1990s), and now NL for Newfoundland and Labrador. More unusual but also correct: T.-N for Terre-Neuve. The name of the province was formally changed to Newfoundland and Labrador in 2001.