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An image of the Job Brothers office on Water Street, Newfoundland

Record No: mha00000230
Title: Job family papers
Dates: 1818-1964
Location: Bank 12, shelves 3 and 4
Creator: Job family.
Extent: 2 metres.
Organization: Arranged in fourteen series: 1. Property in St. John's and Newfoundland, 1818-1916; 2. Ledger, 1856-1882 (this is a separate accession which was included in the Job Family Papers finding aid; 3. Stores, 1892-1952; 4. Mines and mineral resources interests, 1889-1925; 5. Timber interests, 1901-1912; 6. Shipping and Fisheries, misc. 1854-1950; 7. Steamship and Fisheries Companies, 1917-1964; 8. Business Interests, misc. 1920-1950; 9. Manufacturing and Processing, 1914-1941; 10. Job Brothers Companies, 1907-1963; 11. Miscellaneous Family Papers; 12. Cooke Estates Papers, 1829-1852; 13. Howell Papers, 1874-1887; 14. Thomas R. Job Estate.
Source of Supplied Title: Previously described as Job Brothers Papers, the title was changed in 1991 to better reflect the content of the papers.
Restrictions: No restrictions.
Adm. Hist/Bio. Sketch: Originating in Devon, Job became a prominant business family operating in St. John's and Liverpool through the 19th and 20th centuries. They were involved in importing goods, exporting fish, sealing, mining, timber and manufacturing. John Job came to Newfoundland in 1780 as an apprentice and later partner of Samuel Bulley, a merchant from Devonshire. In 1809 Bulley, Job and Company moved their business and residences to Liverpool. By 1839 other family members were involved in the company, which operated under the name of Job Brothers and Company (in St. John's) and Job Brothers in Liverpool. Shipping was the major occupation of the company, which owned a fleet of ships to transport salt, coal, and general cargo to St. John's and shipped salt codfish to the West Indies and Brazil, returning to Great Britain with sugar. They also sent vessels to the annual seal hunt. Partners in the business in 1939 were Robert Job and Thomas Bulley Job in St. John's and Samuel Job and John Job Jr. in Liverpool. Both Robert and Thomas Bulley Job became prominent in business and political life in St. John's. A succession of partnerships occurred during the next 150 years during which the company was in business. They were involved in the Labrador fishery and had plants at L'Anse au Loup, Blanc Sablon and Forteau in the first decade of the twentieth century. At the same time they also diversified into timber, mining, manufacturing and processing. In 1945 Northlantic Fisheries Ltd. under the direction of Hazen A. Russell acquired 60% of the company's shares, and was operating fish plants at Grand Bank, St. John's, Englee, St. Anthony and Bonavista. Russell left Job Brothers and took over ownership of the plants at Grand Bank and Bonavists and the remaining premises were sold off. The plant in St. John's closed in 1967. Job Brothers were involved in a number of other companies, including Standard Manufacturing, Newfoundland Marine Insurance, Colonial Cordage, Blue Peter Steamships, Blue Buoy Foods.

Source: From "The Job Family and Its Business Concerns in Newfoundland" by Randall Godden, 1974. (MHA 103-D-5-5) and the Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Scope and Content: These papers cover four generations of Job family members and reflects their wide interests and business involvement. The business records consist mainly of balance sheets and directors' reports, and reveal the many subsidiary concerns in which the family and its parent companies had invested. The papers also contain many legal documents, from fine examples of 19th century indentures to mining leases, property conveyances, share certificates, agreements and leases. Series 11-13 deal largely with the Liverpool side of the family, Samuel Job and Robert Hugh Job in particular, and in their capacity as executors of wills. Three photographs were found with the collection, of Indian Harbour, c.1892, and of "Corner Bank House, Bell Tower and Fish Store", in 1928.
Associated Material: Job Brothers and Company [Ledger, 1856-1882] MHA. Papers relating to the Job Family can be also found at the Centre for Newfoundland Studies Archives and at the Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Custodial History: Unknown.
Finding Aids: MHA finding aid 21
Finding Aid on the Web:
Subject: Fisheries Newfoundland.
Subject: Lumbering Labrador.
Subject: Lumbering Newfoundland.
Subject: Merchants Newfoundland.
Subject: Merchants Liverpool (England).
Subject: Mines and mineral resources Newfoundland.
Subject: Prospecting Newfoundland.
Subject: Fisheries Labrador.
Subject: Sealing.
Subject: Shipmasters.
Subject: Shipping.
Subject: Whaling.
Subject: Newfoundland Industries.
Subject: Accounts.
Subject: Diaries.
Subject: Legal documents.
Subject: Maps.
Subject: Photographs.
Subject: Plans.
Subject: Wills.
Authors_Personal Name: Job, John Jnr. 1808-1857.
Authors_Personal Name: Job, Thomas Bulley, 1806-1879.
Authors_Personal Name: Job, Thomas Raffles, 1837-1917.
Authors_Personal Name: Job, Robert, 1794-1849.
Authors_Personal Name: Job, Samuel, 1802-1866.
Authors_Corporate Name: Job Brothers.
Authors_Corporate Name: Job Brothers and Company.
Authors_Corporate Name: Bulley Family.
Authors_Corporate Name: Cooke Family.
Authors_Corporate Name: Howell Family.
Authors_Corporate Name: Unsworth Family.

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