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Record No: mha00000149
Title: D. Buchan's notes on Newfoundland
Dates: 1811
Location: OMF-003 MHA
Provenance: Buchan, David, [ca. 1780]-1838.
Extent: 38 double pages.
Adm. Hist/Bio. Sketch: Explorer, born in Scotland. Commissioned by Governor John Thomas Duckworth to explore the Exploits river in the winter of 1810 and 1811 and establish friendly relations with the Beothuks in the area. Little is known of Buchan's early life except that as a youth he entered the British Navy and by 1806 had been promoted to the rank of Lieutenant. Following the expedition of 1811 Buchan became presiding judge of the Surrogate Court in Trinity. In 1813 he was appointed a justice for the Island and was responsible for the safe conduct to England of the Newfoundland fishing fleet. In 1816 Buchan was assigned the post of Commanding Officer of His Majesty's Forces on the Newfoundland station. That winter and in the following "Winter of the Rals" 1817-1818 he ruled the colony while the Governor was absent. After an appointment to the Surrogate Court in Harbour Grace in 1819 Buchan was ordered to accompany another expedition led by John Peyton up the Exploits River. It is presumed that Buchan died in the shipwreck on the Upton Castle on December 8 1838.

Source:Taken from the Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador, Vol 1.
Scope and Content: Photocopy of the document sent to Sir Henry Halpert Bart. of Curzon Street by Governor Sir John Thomas Duckworth. The notes contain an account of two expeditions into the Exploits area undertaken in January and March of 1811, Buchan's encounter with the native people, Beothuks, and a description of their habitat and living conditions. Also a covering letter from Duckworth to J.W. Croker of the Admiralty.
Reproduction Note: Copied from the Duckworth Papers, in Great Britain. Admiralty. Adm 1/477 pp. 257-295 held at the Public Record Office, London.
Terms Governing Use: Copyright held by the Public Record Office, England.
Subject: Beothuks.
Subject: Newfoundland Exploration and discovery.
Subject: Exploits (N.L.).
Authors_Personal Name: Duckworth, John Thomas, Sir, 1747/48-1817.


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