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Record No: mha00000147
Title: William Graves fonds
Dates: 1856
Location: Bank 38, Shelf 6
Provenance: Graves, William, 1785-1859
Extent: 30 cm of textual records
Organization: Arranged alphabetically by correspondent.
Source of Supplied Title: Title based on contents of the fonds
Restrictions: No restrictions
Adm. Hist/Bio. Sketch: William Graves (fl. 1815-1856), merchant of New Ross, Ireland, was involved in the emigrant trade from New Ross to Quebec in the first half of the nineteenth century. William was the son of Anthony Graves, a banker in Thomastown, Co. Kilkenny. Facing financial difficulty in 1805, Anthony Graves moved with his family to New Ross, where he established himself as a merchant.
     Anthony's son William continued the trade and formed a partnership with Sandham Elly, a brother-in-law and member of a Quaker merchant family in New Ross. By 1815, the firm was engaged in the emigrant trade from New Ross to Quebec. By 1825, Graves and Elly owned four large ships, all committed to the Quebec route, transporting emigrants to Quebec and carrying timber home.
     The firm was dissolved in 1827. Graves established a business relationship with another Quaker merchant, a Mr. Watson. The new firm was a recruiting agent for the Canada Company (Ontario) in 1830. It also operated a 400-ton steamer between Ross and Liverpool. The Graves family continued with the Quebec trade until 1850 , as well as the emigrant traffic to Boston. By 1856, however, it was primarily involved in the supply trade. Its premises on the Ross quay were finally dismantled in the 1980s.
Scope and Content: Fonds consists of incoming business correspondence of William Graves for 1856. Most of the letters refer to daily business transactions, freight rates and markets, and purchase of supplies. Fonds also contains correspondence from ship captains. Correspondence is arranged alphabetically by correspondent
Terms Governing Use: Users should be aware that copyright rules and regulations may apply to some parts of this fonds
Custodial History: The letters in this collection were borrowed by Keith Matthews in the early 1980s to be copied for the archive. The letters were not returned to their owner. Neither records of the transaction nor the name of the owner can be found, thus the records are now in the custody of the MHA.
Finding Aids: MHA finding aid 92
Subject: Merchants Ireland.
Subject: Shipping Ireland.
Subject: Emigration and Immigration.


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