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Record No: mha00000114
Title: Earle Sons and Company fonds
Dates: 1873-1969
Location: Banks 51 and 52
Creator: Earle Sons and Company
Extent: 6.7 m of textual records
Organization: Arranged in five series: Correspondence, 1873-1968; Financial records, 1878-1968; Labour records, 1949-1966; Miscellaneous records, 1878-1950; Shipping records, 1932-1969.
Source of Supplied Title: Title based on last company represented in the fonds
Restrictions: No restrictions
Adm. Hist/Bio. Sketch: Earle Sons & Co. Ltd. was a major mercantile firm in the Notre Dame Bay region during the period 1917-67. The company engaged in the purchase, production and export of salt codfish, cod oil, salmon, lobster, seals and other staple products, and in importing food, provisions and fishing equipment for retail.
     The Earle family business was established by Henry J. Earle (1841-1934) who originally came to Fogo as a bookkeeper for Slade & Co. When the Slade Co. was dissolved in 1869, Earle formed a partnership with John W. Owen, a former clerk of Slade's, as Owen & Earle, and took over the Slade premises at Fogo and Twillingate. Around 1893, the company was dissolved with Owen carrying on trade at Twillingate and Earle at Fogo. By the end of the century, Earle also had branches in Twillingate, Herring Neck, and Change Islands.
     With his sons, Henry Earle continued the business under his own name until 1917, when it was incorporated as Earle Sons and Company, Limited. His son Harold then took over the management of the business and expanded the operation to include canning and freezing fish. The Change Islands branch, which operated a lobster cannery until 1900, was phased out in the 1950s. The Twillingate premises were sold to a competitor, Ashbourne Fisheries Limited, in 1918.
     Earle then rented premises from Colbourne's and continued to operate there until 1928. At that time, Harold Earle purchased a business from Rolls (his wife's relatives) in Barr'd Islands and land in Joe Batt's Arm and Tilting. The company operated cod oil factories in Joe Batt's Arm, Barr'd Islands, and Tilting until the 1950s. Premises at Wigwam Point (Fogo) were acquired from the Newfoundland and Labrador Export Company in the 1950s.
     Final operations ceased at Fogo in 1967. The collapse of the Labrador fishery and the depletion of fish stocks in Notre Dame Bay brought an end to the Earle business after 74 years.
Scope and Content: Fonds consists of records (1873-1969) for Earle Sons and Company, Limited, and its predecessor company, Owen and Earle. The records originated at the company's head office at Fogo, and branches at Change Islands, Herring Neck, Barr'd Islands, Joe Batt's Arm, and Tilting, Newfoundland
     The fonds includes correspondence, bills of lading, freight books, shipping orders, receipts, and financial records for Fogo, Joe Batt's Arm, and Tilting. It also includes some records from the partnership between Henry J. Earle and John Owen
     Fonds is arranged in five series: Correspondence, 1873-1968; Financial records, 1878-1968; Labour records, 1949-1966; Miscellaneous records, 1878-1950; and Shipping records, 1932-1969
Associated Material: J. W. Hodge (Joe Batt's Arm) fonds
Custodial History: The majority of this fonds was rescued from the Earle premises at Fogo in 198-. In 1992 the MHA acquired the records for the Hodge business at Joe Batt's Arm which included journals and ledgers for the Earle business at Fogo, Joe Batt's Arm and Tilting. These are now included in this fonds.
Finding Aids: MHA finding aid 65
Subject: Merchants Newfoundland.
Subject: Fisheries Newfoundland.
Subject: Fogo (N.L.).
Subject: Change Islands (N.L.).
Subject: Herring Neck (N.L.)
Subject: Joe Batt's Arm (N.L.)
Subject: Tilting (N.L.)
Subject: Ledgers.
Subject: Employment records.
Subject: Business records.
Authors_Personal Name: Earle, Henry J. (James) 1841-1934.
Authors_Personal Name: Owen, John W. (Woodhouse) fl.1830-1902.


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