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MEMORIAL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE

Report of the President for the Year 1947-1948

The Chairman of
The Board of Governors of
The Memorial University College.

Sir,

I have the honour to submit the following Report of some of the work of the College during the university year 1947-1948. Attached as an appendix is an account of the Summer Session, 1947. No financial statement is here given, for one is published by the Government of Newfoundland as one of "Other Public Accounts" in the annual "Revenue and Appropriation Accounts,"

THE YEAR. In common with other seats of learning we may regard the year now closing as a difficult one. Abroad there was uncertainty, with the fading of many a bright dream of post-war unity. At home our people faced the necessity of making a decision vitally affecting the future welfare of our country. In college we had many eager students to serve but limited means of serving them. Were it not for the devotion and loyalty of the staff and the splendid quality of our Newfoundland youth, this Report might well have stressed the year's difficulties rather than its achievements.

Retrospect. Since the President completes this year his fifteenth year of office he may perhaps be allowed a backward glance.

It was in 1933 that John Lewis Paton, after eight devoted and inspiring years, quitted this Island but, as men said of Pericles, he left the spur behind. In that year came Miss Baird and Messrs. Gillingham, Janison and Colman, a promising four. Financially our country was at a low level, the Normal School was closed, and the College depended for its existence on an annual grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York. But the spirit and quality of my colleagues were equal to our heavy task. In that year we even set up a new course, that of household science, and undertook several new projects, such as citizenship study groups.

The growth of the College in the past fifteen years may be indicated by the following numbers. In 1933 we had 167 regular students, in 1948 we have 397; as against a Faculty of 15 then there are 25 now; in that year 34 graduates received diplomas, today's list is about 80; subjects of instruction have increased from 34 to more than 54, the scholarship fund from $12,000 to $23,000 and the books in our library from 7000 to some 15,000.

We have developed as well as grown since 1933. We set up a teacher-training course in 1934, enlarged its numbers and staff in 1937 and replaced it by a three-year course in education of degree standard in 1946. Our campus, once known as the "barrens," has been much improved and provided with a playing-field. A system of health inspection has been set up, first for our student teachers and later for all our students. A student adviser system and the post of dean of women were also introduced in this period. Moreover, we have a higher standard of matriculation and more complete affiliations with universities abroad.

Some good gifts have come to us in these fifteen years. Our first President gave us, besides his two houses on New Town Road, a substantial sum of money in his lifetime and a share of his estate on his death. The Carnegie Corporation of New York continued its annual grant-in-aid up to 1937, and gave us besides $1000 a year for three years to buy books, as well as the Music Teaching Set. The W. K. Kellogg Foundation's grant of $5000 for premedical scholarships was a splendid gift. Our own Mr. G. S. Doyle's two donations for engineering scholarships are fresh in our minds. Other scholarships tenable at our College have been founded, such as those to celebrate the Jubilee of King George the Fifth, that given annually by our alumni, the C. C. Pratt scholarships for children of war veterans, and the Imperial Oil scholarships. Special scholarships were given by the late Revd. Dr. Curtis, Mr. F. M. O'Leary, the L.S.P.U. and the Higgins Memorial Association. New loan funds have also been set up, such as the two named after the late Mr. and Mrs. H. McNeil, and the recent Rotary Silver Jubilee Loan Fund.

But these fifteen years brought us also the war, with its losses and anxieties, the use of our campus as training-ground and part of our building as naval hospital, the enlisting of our young people, and the loss of thirty of their young lives. These years took from us three of our Founding Trustees and at last our first President and his sister. They gave us, however, a steady stream of splendid young men and women passing through the College and out to enrich the life of Newfoundland and the world.

Commissioners. To the late Commissioner for Education the Honourable H. W. Quinton, the College offers its thanks for his interest and his successor in charge of the department has our respectful good wishes for a happy term of office. The Honourable H. L. Pottle, M.A., Ph.D., for seven years a governor of the College, brings to his important duties an insight into the meaning and purpose of education.

Board of Governors. During the year there passed away, in the person of Arthur Mews, Esq., C.M.G., for more than a decade a governor of this College and secretary of the Board, one who devoted his exceptional executive, artistic and personal gifts to the service of the State, his Church and the community.

Faculty. Some changes have taken place in the Faculty during the year. Dr. E. Chalmers Smith, head of the department of biology, expert teacher, sympathetic student adviser and helpful colleague, left us after three years for a chair in a Canadian University. His successor is Mr. C. W. Andrews, M.A., B.Sc., Ph.D., a graduate of this College and of the Universities of Mount Allison, Western Ontario and Toronto.

We welcomed back Miss E. Baird after her sabbatical year. This year's sabbatical leave is held by Mr. E. Lear, Associate Professor of Biology, who is now at the University of Aberdeen. To assist in the department of biology one of our own graduates, Mr. T. K. Pitt, was engaged and gave good and faithful service. On special leave of absence, chiefly at Harvard and in Mexico, is Miss E. Brinton, Lecturer in Languages.

A new appointment is that of Miss Allison O'Reilly as Lecturer in English and French. Miss O'Reilly is a graduate of this College and holds both an honours degree and the degree of Master of Arts of the University of Toronto. Promotions effective this year were: Mr. J. B. Ashley to be Associate Professor of Classics and German and Miss Marion Peters to be Lecturer in Chemistry.

I point out here how many and varied are the duties of a member of our staff in addition to the c lass-room teaching. They include service on several standing committees of Faculty such as the advisory (formerly the discipline) committee, the house committee, the library committee, the games committee, and committees for the conduct of examinations, revision of the college calendar and liaison with the student council. All members of the Faculty are student advisers, and one is secretary of the Faculty, another is adviser to veterans, the professors of education oversee the practice-teaching, and several help direct the student societies. Moreover, one's private reading and study must be kept up, for in every field human knowledge moves on an advancing front.

The Faculty Council must not only approve the course of each student and award all academic credits but it also examines carefully how subjects or courses can be modified to meet necessity or demand. This year the Faculty Council held several joint meetings with officers of the G.W.V.A. to discuss possible progress in higher education and training. Other matters referred to the Council had to do with the possible provision of more space for college teaching and of a hostel for students.

Members of our staff take a proper share of church and community life in St. John's. They broadcast addresses and write articles, serve on such bodies as the Council of Higher Education and the Public Libraries Committee, interest themselves in art, acting, and other elements of a full life.

Curriculum. No important change was made in our courses of study this year. The new three-year course in Education is in its second year; some adjustments may still be needed and special cases dealt with, but most of the initial difficulties, e.g., the matter of affiliation, have now been met. The two-year course in Household Science has been reorganised to some extent, having in mind both our affiliations abroad and what is best for graduates who remain here.

Two new subjects are offered for next year. English 3 is intended either as a third-year subject or, with or in place of English 2, as a second year subject; its content of literature and language is most valuable. The important matter of educational and vocational guidance will be the subject matter of Education 6(b), to be given in the second semester.

This year we gave in the second semester Education 8(a), which deals with the development of modern school curricula out of the educational theory and practice of the past. The new subjects of Geography 1 and Geography 2 were both given this year and arrangements are in effect for their recognition by affiliated universities.

During the year the Faculty gave earnest consideration, based on the results of our own tests, to the matter of the preparation of College freshmen, especially in the key subject of English.

A committee of Faculty is now engaged in the reorganization of the pre-agriculture course offered by the College with a view to making it possible for more students to attend.

NUMBERS. We had 397 undergraduates taking full courses, 297 men and 100 women. I am glad to report that our ranks have not been broken by death, though sickness and bereavement have not passed us by. Early in the year two women students had to withdraw through illness and later on two men for personal reasons. In the first Year there were 226, in the Second Year 127, and in the Third Year 37. There were a few special students. Our School of Navigation gave regular instruction to 75 men during the year. The Summer Session of 1947 registered 512.

Once again I call your attention to the need for space. In last year's Report I chose, almost at random, the department of chemistry as illustration and made an estimate of this year's numbers there. We managed to reduce the number taking Chemistry One by 15 per cent but the classes in Chemistry Two and Chemistry Three were both 30 per cent larger than last year's.

Our Assembly Hall was constantly in use, not for general assemblies (since it seats only about 70 per cent of our students), but as a lecture-room for several different subjects. To save money we held no general assemblies between the opening in September, when one-third the audience stood throughout, and the Graduation Ceremony in June. For the loan of desk-chairs, both for our large Summer Session and also for the January and May examinations we relied on the generosity of the Prince of Wales College and the General Hospital.

Guidance. Our students need all the help and advice we can give them. Many suffer for lack of direction even before they come to us. Most parents know how hard it is to help the young to decide their life's work. The modern trend is to regard guidance as a definite function of the school. In line with this the College department of education will give next year, as a regular half-subject credit, a course of educational and vocational guidance.

This College offers its students personal help in several ways. First, all students are freely invited to consult any member of the Faculty on any problem that confronts them, no matter how small it may be. Some do so, to the advantage of the professor as well as the student, for the trust of a young person is a precious possession. Then there is the adviser system, which allocates to each member of Faculty a selected list of students for advice and encouragement. Beside this the Dean of Women, Miss M. G. Mansfield, acts as a special counsellor to all women students. This year Mr. J. M. C. Facey, himself an ex-serviceman, has been special adviser to veteran students. Finally there is a standing committee of Faculty, formerly known as the Discipline Committee but now -- for a welcome reason -- called the Advisory Committee, whose functions include counsel and (but rarely) admonition. The committee has recently drawn up a letter to parents of new students; this aims at an even fuller co-operation.

The Dean of Women reports on her contacts with our 99 women students, of whom 59 come from outside St. John's. These young ladies come from many parts of the Island and vary somewhat in their preparation for college life. Before lectures began she met most of them individually, many of them with their parents, and cordial relations were thus set up for the whole year.

A successful experiment was made in the way of getting "outport" and city students to know each other better. This was a series of informal parties at various times throughout the year, held in the homes of St. John's young ladies for young ladies from outside the city. Miss Mansfield's report thanks especially Misses E. Clark, J. Miles, M. E. Manning and M. E. Lewis for help in this and other ways.

The usual careful and sympathetic guidance was exercised once more this year. I thank the Dean of Women for this valuable work, which Miss Lodge, Miss Baird and others also shared.

It is once more a pleasure to record that the veteran students in college have acquitted themselves well, with a high average level of academic achievement, in spite of their "lost years," and a distinct contribution to the general life of the college. We had 59 ex-servicemen and one woman registered this year, 20 in engineering, 13 as pre-medicals, 12 in education and the rest in the general course. Some are graduating today. A few of them found the 1947 Summer Session a great help. Ten of them are married. We hope they may be able to go on to complete their courses.

Benefactions.

  • (i) The balance of the bequest made to the College in Mr. Paton's will, one-quarter the residue of his estate, has now been received. In his last letters to me our great and good first President expressed his wish "to do something for the Faculty" with this sum.
  • (ii) ln the Engineering section of this Report is given a list of generous friends of that department.
  • (iii) The Library section of this Report gives the names of several numerous donors. The books given include a further selection of French works presented by the French Government, and the Veterans' Club's gift recorded last year. Four Jewish students have given money to purchase the monumental Jewish Encyclopaedia.
  • (iv) The annual Old Memorials Scholarship was again provided.
  • (v) For the third year the University Women's Club has presented a scholarship for a woman student of high standing in our first-year course.
  • (vi) An anonymous friend has once more given a sum of money to provide admission for students to the performances of the Community Concerts Association.
  • (vii) A new scholarship has been set up by F. M. O'Leary, Esq., O.B.E., in order to enable promising matriculants from St Patrick's school, St. John's, to carry on their studies at the Memorial University College.
  • (viii) It will be recalled that from the year 1928 the Government of the French Republic provided each year a silver medal and a bronze medal for distinction in French earned by our graduating students. During the recent War this generous gift was in abeyance, but the College continued to elect the students qualified to receive this honour. It is now my great pleasure to report that, through the good offices of the French Consul, M. M. Bonnave, the College is once more the grateful recipient of these handsome silver and bronze medals from the government of France.

    Much assistance was given our students in their reading, by the provision of our Library Handbook, now in its seventh edition, by introductory talks, and by informal but effective guidance. Displays of new books, special book-lists, and a guide to amateur research were among this year's benefits. The Librarian's report ends thus: "New books, new magazines, bound volumes of periodicals, study, research reading -- so the year in the College Library has passed. Some students have acquired there the precious skill of making books give up their meaning quickly. Others have learned the beginnings of a discriminating taste in reading. None, the librarian likes to think, but is the better for having been there."

    Department of Education. The three-year course for students of education has now passed its second year and most of the initial difficulties have been met. The enrolment was 110 First Year students, 37 Second Year and 19 Third Year. A few are veterans, who have worked well. In his report Professor Hickman points out that most of the Second and Third Year students have experience in teaching and bring to their studies here a welcome maturity. He would like the First Year class also to be drawn from the ranks of active teachers.

    The attention given to the important subject of health is worthy of special note. Once more all our student-teachers (like other students) were given thorough medical tests by officers of the Government Department of Health. A series of lectures on public health was given by Dr. L. W. Miller and one (mentioned also below) by Miss Baird on nutrition. Mr. W. Davis of the Newfoundland Tuberculosis Association gave several talks on his so necessary enterprise. Miss E. Brett, nutritionist, and Miss E. Angel, Junior Red Cross organiser, explained the teacher's part in these programmes. Professor Hickman represented the College at the Health Institute which met in Brigus in May.

    Other useful work of this department includes: intelligence tests for all new students in college; co-operation with the work of the government supervisors of schools; girl guiding (mentioned below); the Teachers' Service Bureau which helped in various ways about 100 teachers in active service; the "follow up" programme which we hope to make more effective soon; and the education society of the College mentioned elsewhere in this Report.

    Thirty students -- those seeking to qualify as primary and elementary school teachers -- took a correspondence course in the MacLean Method of writing and received diplomas certifying that they are qualified to teach this method in their schools.

    The enlarged programme of practice-teaching is now in its third year and evidence of its success is not wanting. Without the approval and assistance of the city principals and their assistant teachers this good work could not, of course, be carried on. Their help has been so generously given as to win our most genuine and hearty thanks.

    This department puts forward a plea for a laboratory school and also for a regular instructor in physical education. The latter is indeed what I desire for the whole College.

    Engineering. The standard course for a degree in engineering takes five years, of which this College offers three. More students were registered there this year than ever before, for we had 43 in the first year, 33 in the second and 16 in the third. Twenty of these men are war veterans.

    Two questions arise; viz., are these numbers likely to keep up and are they desirable? A thorough discussion is impossible here. But the fact is that the College in the past year or two has been unable to find qualified engineers to recommend for quite good posts. Again to limit the numbers by restrictive entrance requirements would probably mean to exclude some potentially good material from the outports in favour of the younger product of the city schools.

    This course was improved this year; certain subjects, viz., drawing, surveying' mechanics and geology, formerly given in alternate years, are now given every year.

    Interesting features of the year's work in engineering were: field trips to Manuels and Talcville; visits to Fort Pepperell, the Nail Factory and Foundry, and the Vocational Institute; use of geological and technical films; the acquisition of new tables for geology; the active engineering society mentioned elsewhere; and the annual banquet addressed by Capain G. Whiteley.

    The head of this department is now a member of the Senate of the Nova Scotia Technical College. Professor Carew's attendance at Senate was profitable both to that College and to this.

    Summer work for our students is important if not essential. Last year we placed them all. To date at least half are provided for.

    A Survey Camp was held in Harbour Grace from September 1st. to September 20th. Nineteen students attended. The weather was good. The exercises included transit and tape survey, levelling, sun-sights, plane tabling, base-line and cross-section work. Some measurements were made as special projects for the benefit of the Town of Harbour Grace. A full report was given to the Board of Governors in November.

    This department has some good friends, such as Messrs. H. Etheredge, G. R. Hanley, A. E. Hart, P. Crosbie, J. Sheppard, J. H. Burridge, C. Howe, Captain Allein, and Mr. G. S. Doyle, founder of our engineering scholarships.

    Household Science. We offer a two-year course leading to our graduating diploma or, when followed by two years abroad, to a university degree. The content is of so much interest and value and the prospect of profitable employment is so bright that this course ought to be followed by many more students than we actually serve each year. Perhaps the course is thought of as mere cookery classes (though to us good cooking is never "mere"); whereas in the first year alone the student learns English, a modern language, chemistry, and perhaps another science beside the specifically household sciences. We have definite affiliations with Canadian and other universities, several of our recent graduates have won excellent degrees abroad and some are now returning to serve our country in responsible posts. This year we have revised the course somewhat and now look for more students here. There is need for improvement in our laboratory of household science; and in a few days I shall present to the Governors a recommendation on this matter.

    The new three-year course in Education set up in 1946 includes a household science subject only as an option. In order that our prospective teachers might know more about the important subject of nutrition, a set of twenty special lessons was provided, their material being chosen after conference with the Nutrition division of the Department of Public Health. Miss Baird reports the attendance and interest in these lectures as excellent.

    Among the useful adjuncts to our instruction in this department were an exhibit of clothing and dress-design by our students, another showing living-rooms, an enquiry into low-cost food budgets, field-trips to stores and factories, and generous assistance at College functions.

    A course of lectures in dietetics was given to a hospital class of nurses in training.

    Miss Baird's sabbatical leave allowed her to visit centres of training and study in her special field, both on the neighbouring continent and in the Old Country, as well as to confer with affiliated colleges and to follow the progress of our former students abroad.

    Art. This department gives three series of lessons and also brightens the general life of the College. School Art was taught to students in Education taken in three groups of about 16 each. They were instructed in design and colour, imaginative drawing and illustration, and in poster-making, etc. In the second semester much attention was given to the various crafts that can be taught in schools, ending with two puppet plays. To help us enjoy the puppets we invited children from the orphanages to be our special guests at an afternoon performance in which our classes in Music also shared. Miss Thompson would like to give twice as much time to teaching Art to prospective teachers.

    Another Art class is that in Appreciation, given to some thirty students twice a week in both semesters. Weekly exhibits were also set up in the Monitor Room, using the fine collection of reproductions we call the Carnegie Art Set; these were open to the whole College and on occasion to visitors; the selections this year were made according to historical periods. Increased interest is reported here. Students were also encouraged to visit the exhibitions of the St. John's Art Club.

    A third class in Art is held on Saturday forenoons for young pupils of some local schools. The children enjoyed the work and made noticeable progress. An exhibition of their work was held in May. This class serves also as a means of some practice-teaching for our students in Education.

    Music. Instruction in the theory of music, rhythm and singing, and how to teach these in schools was again given to some 25 students of the Education course in Miss Jennings' usual careful manner. They enjoyed these lessons fully. The class joined with the Art class in the production of the Spring Puppet Show for children of orphanage schools.

    We missed much this year the splendid lectures on appreciation of music, given last year and before by Mr. F. R. Emerson; such sensitive treatment of some of the works of the masters had come almost as a revelation to our eager students. Lack of means deprived us of our good piano, a small Chappell. Early in the year the Representative Council, on behalf of the students, asked permission - readily granted - to form listening groups to use the Carnegie collection of reproductions whenever and wherever possible.

    Since our Assembly Hall seats only 70 per cent of the studeny body and besides is much in use for ordinary classes, and since this year we did not rent a hall, we were forced to forego the regular Assemblies. Thus we were deprived not only of this imporant part of our corporate life but also of the enjoyment and profit of the various musical recitals given by generous local and visiting artists.

    The kindness of a good friend made it possible for some of our students to hear the artists brought to St. John's by the Community Concerts' local committee.

    Health. The health of our students is a matter of concern to us all. In a few cases we find that they or their parents are slow to notify and discuss with us casual illness or disability. Their state of mind is equally important, especially in view of the distractions of the world today. We are much obliged to the Department of Public Health and Welfare whose splendid services included a general physical examination of our students at the beginning of the college year and continued advice there after.

    The principles of good health are taught indirectly at several points in our curriculum, e.g., in biology and chemistry, and of course in physical education and games. Direct instruction includes the series of lectures on public health given to students in education by Dr. L. A. Miller, director of medical services in the Department of Public Health; Miss Baird's weekly course in nutrition and the talks given by Mr. W. Davis of the Tuberculosis Association and by Miss Brett, government nutritionist. A closely related activity is that of the Red Cross, for not only was the Junior Cross programme fully explained to our education students but they all enrolled as well as working members of the local branch of the British Red Cross.

    For students in general a more complete programme of physical education is desirable. I beg to repeat from last year's Report that "the time is ripe for a national movement for physical fitness" and "I wish this College could employ two full-time physical directors, one for men and one for women students."

    Games. The students Athletic Union (President, W. Abraham; secretary, Miss Maxine Titford) has the advice of a Games Committee of Faculty headed bv Professor Carew. The funds for this work are now on a more definite basis. The games played included football, ice hockey, field hockey, basketball, volley-ball, badminton, and box-ball. Several series of games were arranged between various groups of the students and in the case of field hockey, ice hockey, and basketball, teams were also entered in city leagues. No outside championships were won but the practice was beneficial. The annual Sports Day was especially good this year, with many exhibition games and a happy social evening. Saturday afternoon "hikes" and other outings were much enjoyed.

    I mention here the practical part of our course in Physical Education as a very useful activity. The women's section had the benefit of Miss M. Fitzpatrick's direction for part of the year and for the remainder that of Miss T. Galway.

    The gymnasium floor is now in splendid condition for the Summer Session and next year's use and I thank the Department of Public Utilities warmly for this necessary attention.

    Guiding. Twenty-four of our young women students formed the First St. John's Cadet Company. Mrs. F. Ford was good enough to serve as captain and Miss June Miles as liaison officer. Patrol leaders were Misses D. Lilly, B. Meadus, and J. Gillard. The usual Guide programme was carried on with work for Second Class as well as hikes and singing. On February 18th Miss Caroline Furlong, Chief Commissioner, conducted an enrollment. Her encouragement has meant much to our Company.

    Students' Representative Council. Student self-government is valuable not only for its practical utility but also as training in democratic method. From nomination to declaration of the poll each election follows the best pattern. The members of this year's Council were: Mr. A. Noseworthy as president, Miss Elinor Clark (first semester) and Miss Joan Kelland (second semester) as secretaries, Misses Joyce Hawkins and June Miles, Messrs. R. Crewe, H. Lilly, D. Newbury, F. Newbury, R. Pardy, P. Taylor, and C. Vivian. In a difficult year, with many responsibilities including the management of the considerable Union Fund, the Council has shown courtesy, diligence and tact, winning both the approval of their fellow undergraduates and the warm thanks of the President and Faculty.

    The College magazine "Cap and Gown" (editors, Mr. R. Crewe and Mr. C. Story) is now in its eighteenth year. It is produced and written, almost all of it, by the students. It will be found, I believe, to be to their credit. The students' newspaper "Memorial Times" made a welcome appearance three times during the year.

    Several student societies are supported by the Representative Council. The Arts and Science Society (president, Mr. E. D. Morgan; secretary, Miss Shirley Wornell) held regular meetings, had discussions on such varied matters as French art and how to organize group activities, saw films and provided on February 6th a social evening for the whole College.

    The Education Society (president, Mr. S. Pittman; secretary, Miss Jean Lewis) met each fortnight. Besides discussion and debate the members saw educational films, heard inspiring addresses, one of them by the Honourable Commissioner for Education, on the art of teaching, the Red Cross, public health, and the fight against tuberculosis. Two delightful social events were provided by this society.

    The Engineering Society (president, C. Wells; secretary, Mr. W. Flaherty) was again active with "smokers," film-showing, etc. The annual Banquet was a pleasant affair. On March 17th the Engineers held an enjoyable dance.

    The Premedical Society (president, Mr. A. Lawrence; secretary, Miss Olga Kennedy) met regularly, heard addresses by local medical specialists, saw films, visited hospitals and the Government Laboratory entertained the whole College at an evening party.

    The International Relations Club (president, Mr. L. Blundon; secretary, Miss Denise Bonnave) met fortnightly. This group, in common with similar clubs at most of the principal Canadian and American universities, has literature supplied by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. The discussions were led by professors and invited guests but mostly by the students themselves.

    The Ex-servicemen's Club (president, Mr. C. Forbes; secretary, Mr. R. Myers) has its own small club-room, used for quiet study and fellowship, but its members play a helpful part in other student activities. For example they managed expertly the college Christmas party, held on December 19th.

    Extension. We have no organized Extension Department, with director and staff, as some universities have, but much of our work comes within this category.

    Our School of Navigation is truly vocational and it continues, as in the past, to supply a real need. During the year some 75 men were given intensive instruction; 65 of them passed the government examinations for mate (44) and master (21), and 15 are still studying navigation with us. The "tickets" earned were 43 coastwise and 22 foreign, i.e., British Board of Trade. Of the 75 men in attendance 15 were registered through the Department of Civil Re-establishment. It is worthy of record that 55 men of this year's list have become ships' officers, and 7 were navigators in sealing vessels of the 1948 season. It will thus be seen that Mr. A. G. Parrott has given good service as Instructor.

    For various reasons our regular evening programme has been curtailed. We were glad to be able to find space for some of the classes of the Evening School of the Adult Education Division. The principal, J. R. Courage, and his staff won our admiration for their courtesy and tact as well as, of course, their devotion to this good work.

    Once again the College was glad to act as host to the St John's players, whose contribution to the cultural life of our city is now well recognized. Grace Butt's "New Lands" gave many of us a keener sense of our Island's history and their other productions reached a high level.

    Yet out of our straitness of space we, made it possible on occasion for several other groups to meet in our buildings. Among them, beside our own alumni, were a university women's club, a veteran's cooperative class, teachers' meetings, and a Nurse in Training ceremony. The College was an examination centre for Chartered Accountants, the repository of the library of the Royal Institute of International Affairs (Newfoundland Branch), and the temporary guardian of some of the material of the Newfoundland Museum, e.g., the priceless Beothic skeleton. All these arrangements owe much to the Registrar and the chairman of the house committee of Faculty, Associate Professor W. G. Rowe.

    Our College buildings are regularly in use by night as well as by day. The libraries are open each evening. Moreover, in July and August the Summer Session, described on another page, filled all our space amd overflowed into rented quarters elsewhere.

    Through the efforts of two of our staff, series of lectures were provided for hospital nurses in training in the subjects of chemistry and dietetics.

    Alumni. The number of graduates of this College is now considerable. The number of past students is much greater since many have been unable to compete the course. For them all their Alma Mater cherishes a high regard.

    The record of those who have gone on to universities abroad is remarkably good. We have the names of well over 50 of ours who in this very month have won foreign degrees, in some cases with marked distinction.

    If a list of our less recent graduates, showing their present positions, were put before you it would include, for example, clergymen, teachers, several magistrates, capable housewives, proud parents, past and present members of the Faculty of our own and other colleges, several supervisors of schools, practitioners of medicine and the law, fifteen Rhodes Scholars, the government geologist, the director of fishery research, the chief government librarian, the director of local self-government, the director and assistant director of adult education, the director of cooperative societies, the superintendent and the principal specialist of a large government hospital, and the president of the teachers' association; these at home; abroad we see a woman doctor in India, a researcher in atomic fission, a young actress in Dublin, a doctor of music in London, a rising naval expert.

    No record of our former students is complete which omits reference to their devotion and achievement in the recent war. As many as 310 volunteered and most of them served. Some were decorated or commended for valour, some suffered imprisonment or loss of health and thirty gave their lives for their country. The names of these thirty men are given in the following list which we believe to be final.

    David Monroe Baird
    Lawrence Bannikhin
    John Hamilton Barrett
    Walter Robert Butt
    Herbert Bond Clarke
    Roy Clarke
    William Collins
    Thomas Delaney
    John Kevin Evans
    Victor Raymond French
    Neil Willoughby Harnett
    William Palmer Howse
    David Simpson Kerr
    Brendan David Lacey
    Harold Learning
    Lionel Legge
    Wallace Clifford Luther
    Edgar Raymond Martin
    David Gordon Morris
    Clarence Walter Parsons
    Alexander Duncan Saint
    Arthur James Samson
    Bernard Thomas Scammell
    Francis Smith
    Eric Augustus Snow
    Charles Henry Stewart
    James Robin Stick
    Philip Templeman
    Baxter Wareham
    James Walcott Winter

    College Life. This year though difficult has yet not lacked interest and colour. Our student socials, well spaced throughout the year and all properly chaperoned, were pleasant events. Since groups of students acted as hosts they had a chance to develop their innate courtesy and to know the pleasure of making others happy. Our women students held a Christmas Tree party for children from needy homes. Whenever we could, my wife and I were hosts to groups of College friends.

    Not much was attempted this year in the way of dramatics, but Mr. F. Brett directed a play for the evening of Sports Day. Our students were the fortunate guests of the management of the Alexandra Players at two matinees. The St. John's Players kindly invited us for an evening of their "workshop" plays.

    Special projects, some of which have been mentioned, were used to illustrate and enrich the classroom studies. In the hands of expert and enthusiastic instructors no college subject can be lifeless or dull.

    This year has been, I consider, the most difficult in our history but by patience and zeal of staff and students it may yet prove to have been one of the most profitable.

    Thanks. On behalf of the College I now offer respectful and sincere thanks to the many persons who have given to our work during the year direction and supervision; advice and encouragement, care and labour, gifts and goodwill, friendship and active assistance.

      I have the honour to be,
      Your obedient servant,

      A. G. HATCHER.
      President.

      June 5th, 1948.


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