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REPORT OF THE ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT, 1943-1944.

The President,
Memorial University College.

Sir:

I have the honour to submit the following report of the Engineering Department for the academic year 1943-1944.

Registration. There were forty-eight students registered in the Engineering Department this year. Four did not complete the year's work. Two of these students left to join the R.C.A.F. Of the forty-four remaining students, six have held, or are at present holding, College scholarships.

The division of students into academic years and the class in attendance is as follows:


Year. 			No. of Students.

First 			15
Second			13
Third 			 7
Special			 9
Total			44

Attendance.

Course.			Students.
Drawing I 		 15
Drawing 2 		 28
Surveying 1 		 16
Surveying 2 		 27
Mechanics 3 		 12
Mechanics 5 		 14
Geology 1 		 13

Courses in General. With your approval, Geology I was added to the list of compulsory courses for Pre-Engineering students to be given in the second year. This addition is in keeping with similar action by Maritime Colleges in recent years and is also made at the request of our affiliated Technical Colleges. Formerly the course was compulsory only for those students seeking a degree in Mining Engineering. Three lectures and one laboratory period are given in this subject per week and while it means additional work for all students yet I am confident that it will offer no real difficulty for those students who would normally finish our work in three years. The mid-term results bear me out in this.

Due to the removal of the Naval Hospital we now have the use of a room in the basement for a Geological Laboratory. The rock and mineral specimens and other laboratory equipment were moved there from class-room 26. The new laboratory is well lighted and affords sufficient space to set up equipment which is necessary to accommodate the larger numbers now taking the course each year. Additional apparatus was ordered from the department grant this year and it is hoped in future years to gradually build up the specimen and map sections.

Surveying 2 and Drawing 2 courses were given again this year to second and third year students. These subjects alternate with Mechanics 4 and Drawing 3 which were given last year. Accommodations were just sufficient to take care of the large laboratory classes in each subject and in both classes the main drafting room and the adjoining room were used. I would like to say here that the fluorescent lights which were installed in both those rooms this year were a marked improvement. The candle power of lighting in all parts of the rooms is now sufficient for the necessarily fine work of drafting.

Field Trips. Field trips for the Mechanics 5 and Geology classes were held during the year. The Geology class visited the Manuel's River area and studied and mapped the excellent rock formations exposed there in the river bed from the railway bridge to the sea. Sedimentary Rocks and Igneous Rocks are well represented. The Mechanics 5 class visited the following places of interest particularly suited to their course.

United Nail Foundry. At the United Nail Foundry, Mr. J. Angel, B.Sc., a graduate of the College, arranged a very interesting tour. The making of nails, water buckets and stoves was followed in various stages of manufacture and each step was carefully explained by the foreman of the job. The students were especially interested in the electro-plating and in the pouring of castings from the cupola furnace.

New General Hospital. Another interesting afternoon was spent at the new General Hospital where we examined the new building, which is very modern in design and construction. The main point of interest however, was our examination of the new X-ray equipment then being installed by Mr. T. Freeman, a director of Heap & Partners. Mr. Freeman explained clearly and in great detail the wiring and mechanics of the new equipment.

Gaslight Company. Our visit to the Gaslight Company plant was timed so that we could see the new construction of the ovens, and was arranged through the courtesy of Mr. J. Steinhauer, the manager. Again we toured the operations in "flow sheet" order. It was interesting to note that in the process to remove sulphur, iron filings from the foundry were being used. The only by-products obtained there from the making of coal gas were coke and tar.

Fort Pepperrell. Our last field trip was made to Fort Pepperrell and was arranged by Mr. H. L. Etheridge, chief of the engineering section, through the kindness of Colonel J. McDowell, Commanding Officer, Fort Pepperrell. This trip was made in two sections, on two separate days and Mr. Etheridge conducted the tour on each occasion. Because of the interest in modern town planning amongst the students the trip was of special interest. In turn we were shown the sewage disposal plant, the incinerator, laundry, chapel, machine shop, basement of hospital and the power plant. All the plants contained the latest equipment and at each the operations were explained and the students were encouraged to examine the machinery and ask questions.

Special reference was made by Mr. Etheridge to the new chapel which was completely furnished with furniture built by Newfoundland workmen.

Engineering Scholarships. During the past year the sum of two thousand five hundred dollars was donated by Mr. Gerald S. Doyle to establish the Doyle Engineering Scholarships. This was indeed a most welcome gesture, and in keeping with the keen interest he has always shown in his fellow countrymen. Three entrance scholarships will be granted each year until the capital has been used. The larger scholarships are for the out-of-town students and the smaller scholarship for a city student. These scholarships are timely because with the decline of current base construction, it is feared that the present excellent enrolment may be curtailed greatly. It is hoped that Mr. Doyle's act is but the forerunner of future endowments. If a loan fund could be set up to help both present and graduate students it would serve an excellent cause.

Survey Camp. The Survey Camp, a practical course in surveying methods for second and third year students, was held at Whitbourne. It has been the practice of the Department to hold this course at the most convenient and suitable locality. Of late years the large enrolment has made the problem of accommodation play an increasingly important part in the selection of the camp site. This year we were fortunate in obtaining permission to use, free of charge, the Rangers Barracks at Whitbourne and this building, because of its former use, was ideal for our purpose. Modern conveniences including central heating together with the large playing field and the pond near by made our stay a pleasant one. The building was obtained through the courtesy of the Departments of Public Works and Justice. The country was well suited for the work and weather permitted us to carry out a well balanced schedule. The work included Base Line Measurements, Topographical Surveying with transit and tape, Plant Tabling, laying out of simple curves, leveling and shooting Polaris. Altogether it was a very successful event and one which will be remembered long for the co-operation and hospitality of the townspeople.

The College equipment is at present inadequate to fill the needs of a survey camp and it has been impossible to add to it during the past few years. It is then with special thanks that the Department wishes to acknowledge the loan of equipment from Mr. C. Knight of the Highroads Department, Mr. C. K. Howse, B.Sc., Government Geologist, Head of the Geological Division, and Mr. J. H. Burridge, Chief Surveyor of the Department of Natural Resources.

Summer Employment. Last year all the engineering students obtained summer employment in work of an engineering nature. The prospects for this year are again bright and nearly all of the forty-four students have already been placed. The Department would like to thank all the firms who have co-operated with the College this year and in past years in providing valuable experience for the students. In very many instances the financial help has been the means whereby these students could continue their work at the College.

Night Courses. Two short practical night courses were given during the winter months. One course in machine shop mathematics and the other course in blue print reading. The first course was conducted by Mr. A. Edgecombe, B.Sc., a graduate of the College and now a member Of the R.C.A.F., and the other course was directed by Mr. Gosney, of the Newfoundland Railway. Both classes began with a large attendance but as often happens with courses such as these a large attendance was not maintained. The difficulty of working out a single course for these men is their different standard of elementary education. I would suggest for another year to conduct more classes in each subject, having first graded the men into different groups. Then the more elementary points of the subject could be stressed for those who need them most.

Engineering Society. This is a student society for all those students interested in Engineering. Besides competing in College activities, the society conducts a weekly seminar during the second semester at which the students give prepared talks on topics of general interest. At these seminars regular meeting procedure is followed and each student speaker is introduced and thanked by his fellow students.

The society also held evening meetings called "Smokers" at which guest speakers were invited to give talks. The atmosphere on these occasions was informal and friendly and each talk was followed by a lively questionnaire.

Talks. Colonel J. W. Beretta, U. S. Engineers, read a paper on The Romance of Bridges, a non-technical treatment which traced the history of bridge building. His talk was illustrated by projector slides of famous bridges. Dr. Hatcher, in introducing the speaker, informed him of the Carnegie grants to the College in previous years and the important part they played in the development of the College.

Colonel Beretta had read this paper before the society of American Engineers when he was its president. He was particularly interested in the ethical side of engineering and presented the Department with many essays on the subject.

Mr. Wm. Watson, Manager of the General Electric Company in Newfoundland, gave a very interesting talk on the engineering profession with special emphasis on the electrical branch of which he is a graduate. He made his subject interesting to all and interspersed gems of wit which were much enjoyed. Mr. Watson distributed to the students many booklets on electrical topics.

Mr. H. E. Etheridge, Chief of the Engineering section, Fort Pepperrell, gave a talk on some phases of his work in electrical engineering. He was in charge of many of the electrical installations at the bases in Newfoundland and outlined some interesting problems which arose. Mr. Etheridge was enthusiastic in the possibility of electrical development in Newfoundland and praised many of the electrical plants already here.

Mr. Searles, Vice-President Beretta Engineers, Inc., San Antonio, Texas, who was in Newfoundland as consultant engineer for the Housing Commission, outlined some of the work carried out by a consulting firm. He answered the many questions asked him by the students. All questions were closely connected with his work here.

The last social event of the society was the annual banquet which was held this year at the Newfoundland Hotel. Dr. Hatcher, the President, and Mr. H. L. Etheridge, Chief of Engineering, Fort Pepperrell, honoured the toast list. Mr. W. J. Carew, C.B.E., Secretary to the Commission of Government, was guest speaker.

Graduates. Including last year's graduates, some forty-nine students have graduated from the Engineering course given at the College. Of that number thirty-one have obtained their degrees, sixteen in Electrical Engineering, ten in Mining Engineering and five in Civil Engineering. Thirteen students are at present completing their course in Canadian Universities and word of their mid-term results was indeed gratifying. Many of our graduates as well as those who did not complete the course here are today serving in the various branches of His Majesty's Forces.

Acknowledgements. Each year the Department takes this opportunity to thank the many friends of the College who have helped in the work of this Department during the past academic year. Among those are the President, Dr. A. G. Hatcher, who was chiefly instrumental in the founding of the department and who has since maintained a very real interest in it; Miss M. Mansfield for help throughout the year: Miss Baird for the loan of equipment for survey camp; and to the other members of the Faculty; Mr. Gerald S. Doyle for his generous gift of the Doyle Scholarship Fund; Mr. H. L. Etheridge, Chief of Engineering Division, Fort Pepperrell, for his donation of engineering reference books to the library and for two subscriptions to electrical engineering magazines to the drafting room book section; Colonel J. W. Beretta, U. S. Engineers, for engineering literature; Mr. Wm. Watson, Manager General Electric Company in Newfoundland, for his gift of reading matter to the students; heads of the Government Departments already mentioned in this report; Mr. L. Hopkins, Superintendent of Public Works, and all others who have helped the Department in any way.

I should like to thank also Mr. O. T. Anstey and Mr. D. Templeton, present students, for the work carried out as laboratory assistants.

Respectfully submitted,

S. J. CAREW,
Associate Professor of Engineering.

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