I have the honour to submit herewith a report on the Engineering Department of the College during the past year.
The registration of the department is large again this year and it has been gratifying to see during the past few years a near-capacity enrolment. The increased registration has been due, no doubt, to the improved financial condition of the country but it has proven that our youth, if given the means, have a real desire for college work.
At present there are no scholarships for entrance to the pre-Engineering Course at the College or for pre-Engineering graduate students. When times return to normal again in Newfoundland, it will mean that many more deserving youth will be denied an opportunity to obtain a College education.
It is too bad that Engineering firms or the Government have not offered such Scholarships to the College. Many graduates so helped would be anxious to return and give their services for at least a number of years. The Government of Nova Scotia grants Scholarships to Nova Scotia Technical College, one to a student from practically every district in the Province. Many of our graduates this year will be unable to continue for lack of means. The eight Engineering student graduates of the College have made a favourable showing during the past year. Four of last year's class were placed among the first ten at Nova Scotia Technical College.
Registration: Year No. of Students First 23 Second 10 Third 6 Special 7 Total 46 Attendance: Course. Students. Course. Students. Drawing 1 23 Mechanics 3 8 Drawing 3 19 Mechanics 4 22 Surveying 1 21 Mechanics 5 10 Geology 1 5
Courses: Drawing 1. Orthographic Projection was fully covered, including working drawings; the making of blueprints, and also the theory and practice of the slide rule were included in this course. I am satisfied that a good foundation was laid to enable students to proceed to more advanced courses in this subject.
Drawing 3. This Course was taken by second and third year students and was a continuation of work done in the Drawing 1 Course. The work covered an introduction to Architectural and Structural Drawing and also problems in Isometric, Oblique and Perspective Projection. One laboratory per week was found insufficient time to treat the subject fully.
Surveying 1. An introductory course for first year students to the uses, care, and adjustment of surveying instruments and equipment, also subject matter dealing with topographical surveying and computing field-notes in preparation for survey camp of three weeks a pre-requisite for Surveying 2. Students took advantage of fine weather to use the instruments out of doors.
Mechanics 3. Graphical statics problems on trusses, beams, and bridges were dealt with. These problems were of a practical nature with a view to aiding in further courses in mechanics.
Mechanics 4. This Course was a drafting subject treating Mechanics of Machines, Kinematic Pairing, Velocity and Acceleration of machine parts. Cams and Gears were also treated. If an extra drafting period could be found for Second and Third year students it could be equally divided between Drawing 3 and Mechanics 4. This is much to be desired.
Mechanics 5. Materials of Construction, through lack of equipment, is treated as a reading course and divided into two parts. The first part covered fairly completely an introduction to ferrous metallurgy and common alloys. The second part dealt with non-metallic building materials with special emphasis on concrete work. See also section on Field Trips.
Geology 1. This is a course in general geology dealing mainly with physical geology. Historical geology was also treated, but to suit the needs of the students, mineralogy and physical geology were considered most important. Three lectures a week and a laboratory period were devoted to this subject. Field trips were taken when weather permitted in the Autumn, and the balance of the laboratory periods was used to identify rocks and minerals. Map-reading and map-plotting were also practiced: time was given to the solution of various geological problems. This Course has been made a Second Year subject, with Faculty approval, and all students intending to take Mining or Civil Engineering are advised to take this Course. Only five students were registered this year as these were the only ones with whom it was compulsory. They carried this subject as an extra Second Year Course.
Drafting Room. By using part of the Balance-room which adjoins the Drafting-room, the large classes in drafting courses were able to carry on this year. Since the balances are only used for certain experiments in the Chemistry classes, Mr. Maddock has consented to remove them for all but a couple of weeks next College year. This will allow more room for the drafting tables and also provide a laboratory for geology experiments. The lighting of the drafting room, when tested, was found to be very much below standard candle power. This was true of all parts of the drafting room and some sections were especially bad. Mr. H. Conroy, Assistant Government Engineer, has promised to provide fluorescent lighting, if equipment can be procured.
Field Trips. Field trips for the Mechanics 5 and Geology classes were held during the year. The Geology class visited the Manuels River area and studied the rock formations there and also visited the plant and quarry of Talcville, Manuels. To see modern building equipment in use and also the uses for building materials the Mechanics class visited the U. S. Army dock in St. John's, then under construction, and also the laundry and dry cleaning plants at Fort Pepperrell. Mr. H. Preston, Chief of Planning and Surveys, was our guide and our tour also included a visit to the large hospital building which was then nearing completion. Great courtesy was shown the students by the American Engineers who, during our visit, took time off to explain the features of engineering interest. The students were keen and asked many questions. To test their observing powers they were later assigned reports on their visits.
Summer Employment. During the past two Summers our Engineering students have all procured work with the Engineering firms in Newfoundland. This has helped them obtain a practical knowledge of Engineering at work and also helped them financially to continue their studies. The Engineering Department, in keeping with the policy of the College, has helped greatly in placing the students with these firms by approaching likely employment sources early in the Spring, and having the students apply to the various offers. Many have again obtained work for the Summer months but signs are that the work will not be as plentiful as in other years.
Engineering Society. This is a society of the Engineering Class conducted by the students. Besides competing in College activities, the Society conducts a weekly seminar during the second semester. At those meetings the students give talks and it has been found a valuable medium as an introduction to public speaking. The students gladly participate and a real interest is manifested. Later in their College work they will take a course quite similar and this experience should prove valuable. The Society also continued to conduct Smokers in the evenings. These were first started last year. On these occasions guest speakers were invited to give talks on topics of Engineering interest. The atmosphere on these occasions was informal and friendly, and the students thoroughly enjoyed them. Numbered among the speakers were: Lt. Col. Hiatt, Assistant District Engineer, Fort Pepperrell, and Mr. Nye, Architect Engineer and a Camouflage expert. At the Annual Banquet the same high order of former years was maintained. Dr. A. G. Hatcher and Mr. G. A. Frecker honoured the toast list, and Mr. C. K. Howse was guest speaker.
Thanks. The Engineering Department is deeply grateful to all those who helped the engineering students during the past academic year. Among those are the President, Doctor A. G. Hatcher, whose interest and co-operation are a real source of support; Miss M. Mansfield, for many kind acts; members of the Faculty; Mr. C. K. Howse, B.Sc., Associate Government Geologist; Mr. J. H. Burridge, Chief Surveyor, Department of Natural Resources; Heads of resident Engineering Firms; and also visiting Canadian and American Firms, especially Mr. H. Preston and other U. S. Engineers.
I should like to thank also Mr. O. T. Anstey and Mr. M. Howley who acted as laboratory assistants and carried out their duties in a splendid manner.
S. J. CAREW,
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