Note: At present the course in Mechanics 2 is being given by the
Orthographic Propection was fully covered, including
working drawings; the making of blueprints, and also the theory and practice of
the slide rule were included in this course. I am satisfied that a good
foundation was laid to enable students to proceed to more advanced courses in
Problems relating to points, lines, and planes in space,
with emphasis on practical applications were covered. Lay-out sheets by Schumann
and Lee were found time saving and valuable. As in all drafting classes, emphasis
on accuracy and neatness were stressed. This course was taken by second and third
An introductory course for first year students to the
uses, care, and adjustment of surveying instruments and equipment, also subject
matter dealing with topographical surveying and computing field notes in
preparation for survey camp of three weeks -- a prerequisite for Surveying
Students took advantage of fine weather to use the instruments out of doors.
The initial part of this course was taken at Survey Camp
on which a further note is appended. The laboratory work in this course consisted
of a continuation of the practical work of the summer, taking advantage of plane
tables, kindly loaned by the Newfoundland Government Geological Department,
through the courtesy of C. K. Howse, Esq., B.Sc. Road work, area and volume
problems, were also practiced. Maps of the summer survey were plotted and
Lectures covered field astronomy, stadia principles, volume and area
calculations, etc. This course was obligatory for second and third year
Graphical statics problems on trusses, beams, and bridges
were dealt with. The problems were of a practical nature with a view to aiding in
further courses in mechanics.
The first part of this course dealt with non-metallic
building materials, with special emphasis on concrete work. For practical
demonstration we visited the modern field-testing laboratory at Pepperrell. Mr.
Taylor, the engineer in charge, devoted a whole afternoon illustrating and
testing concrete samples. As this was the first opportunity for students in the
Engineering Department to see work of this kind being done his courtesy was all
the more appreciated.
The second part of this course covered fairly completely an introduction
to ferrous metallurgy and common alloys; heat treatment of steel was
This is a course in general geology dealing mainly with
physical geology. Historical geology was also treated. However, to suit the needs
of the students, mineralogy and physical geology were considered most important.
Three lectures a week and a laboratory period were devoted to this subject.
Field trips store taken when weather permitted in the Autumn, and the balance of
the laboratory periods was used to identify rocks and minerals. Map reading and
map plotting were also practised. Time was given to the solution of various
Practical application of Geology is being stressed in Canadian
Universities for all prospective engineers. The Maritime Colleges have nearly all
included it in their pre-engineering course. I feel that the time is coming when
the Memorial University College will have to fall in line with this procedure as
it will be a compulsory pre-requisite for a degree in Engineering. This year I
encouraged as many third year students as possible to register for this course,
six of them did so together with three second year students. The third year
students, however, were obliged to drop the course due to the pressure of other
subjects. The second year students completed the course. As a result of this
experiment I consider that the most opportune time for our engineering students
to take this course would be in their second year. But if this course is to be
made compulsory now, and I strongly advise it, the question of laboratory
equipment and space must be considered. At present there are some thirty (30)
identified rocks and minerals, a Jolly Balance, a microscope, geological hammers
(purchased this year) and a set of geological maps available for use by the
students. While this provides a nucleus of equipment for a small class, it will
not suffice if all second year students register for it. I should like to take
this opportunity of making the following suggestions:
1. The large number of unidentified minerals -- the property of the
Natural Resources -- now housed in the College and available for use of
Engineering Department should be catalogued this summer.
2. Three more Jolly balances are necessaray, these cost approximately $10.00
3. At present a classroom which is the engineering lecture room has to serve as a
geological laboratory as well. This is by no means adequate. A suggestion for
solving this problem will be put forth later in this report.
Evening Classes of a vocational nature were
continued this year. These included AutoMechanics, Radio Operation, and Blue
Print Reading. In some of these it might be worth noting that more satisfactory
work could be done if the groups were sub-divided so that people of more equal
educational standards could work together. No doubt the instructors have made
this point in their detailed report.
In some ways this has been a difficult year. For example
the work of the department was somewhat retarded by the late arrival of necessary
small drafting supplies for the large first year class. This applies with greater
force to the replacements and additions to the equipment of the Department. Owing
to war conditions engineering equipment is on the priority list and in some cases
cannot be secured at all. A transit and tapes allowed for in this year's budget
could not be secured, and I request that the sum allotted be added to next
budget. This equipment is essential for the work of Surveying 2, I was fortunate
enough to be able to secure the loan of this needed equipment last year,
might not be possible again. Twelve drafting tables and twelve stools were added
to the equipment of the Department this year, also sufficient drafting
instruments to meet the needs of the large classes. The sink, installed by the
Department of Public Utilities, has been very useful, and the painting of the
drafting room has been a great improvement. Provision for the purchase of a level
has been included in the budget for next year.
The gradual increase in students registering for
Engineering resulted this year in very large classes, it is not unlikely that
this growth will continue. Finding accommodation in a drafting room originally
designed for small classes for such a large number is a serious problem. This
difficulty was partially and inadequately overcome this year by making use of
part of the adjoining balance room, through the kind co-operation of the
Department of Chemistry. Next year the same problem arises, and unless the
registration of engineering students is restricted, which, in my opinion, would
be deplorable, permanent space will have to be found to accommodate the classes.
If it were possible to use the whole space of the balance room this would also
temporarily supply space for the geological laboratory mentioned under Geology.
All the classes in Drafting require more time than that provided for by
laboratory periods, and the work of the students is very much handicapped if they
are not free to make use of the drafting room in spare periods. This has not
always been possible this year.
In addition to field trips briefly mentioned under
Mechanics 5 and Geology, visits were also made to the Base at Fort Pepperrell, to
see the building projects there, to the Airport at Torbay, where construction of
runways and hangers was in progress, and to the Newfoundland Dockyards, where an
extension programme was being carried out. All these field trips were exceptional
opportunities for engineering students to see modern practical engineering.
Practical experience is a necessary part of
engineering training and it has always been the policy of the College to
endeavour to find work for the students during the summer. Last year applications
of the students, through the Department of Engineering, resulted in all the
engineering students finding summer work of a profitable and instructive nature.
Reports on their work furnished by various employers were very encouraging.
Indications are that most of the students will again be employed this summer.
Under the auspices of the Engineering Society
conducted by the students the Seminar was again successful. In addition to the
weekly meeting during the second semester guest speakers were invited to give
talks on engineering topics. These proved very valuable. Numbered among the
speakers were the President, Doctor A. G. Hatcher, Mr. G. Hoff, U. S. Government
Engineer in charge of operations at the American Bases in Newfoundland, and Mr.
Isminger, Resident Engineer at Fort Pepperrell.
The Deparment is deeply grateful to all those who helped the
engineering students during the past academic year. Among those are Doctor A. G.
Hatcher, members of the staff of Engineers at Fort Pepperrell, Mr. R. E. Holland,
Manager of Cape Construction Co., Mr. C. K. Howse. B.Sc.. Associate Government
Geologist, Mr. J. H. Burridge, Chief Surveyor, Department of Natural
Mr. R. R. Murray, U.S.O. Director, through whose kindness it was possible for the
Engineering Society to hold its annual banquet in the U.S.O. building.
I should like also to thank Mr. O. Coish and Mr. E. Tuff who acted as
laboratory assistants and carried out their duties in a creditable manner.
I have the honour to be, Sir,
Your obedient servant.
S. J. CAREW,
Associate Professor of Engineering.
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