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REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING, 1941-1942.

A. G. Hatcher, Esq., M.A., LL.D.,
President,
Memorial University College:

Sir:

I have the honour to submit herewith a report on the Engineering Department of the College during the past year.

The registration is, I believe, the largest in the history of the Department, and since there is such a demand for engineers it is indeed gratifying that the graduation class is a large one. Unfortunately, however, a number of these students, through lack of means, will have to find employment for a year or more before they can continue their studies. Our prospective engineers in Newfoundland are handicapped through lack of scholarships. The Government of Nova Scotia partially solved a problem such as this by providing scholarships for each county in Nova Scotia enabling students to enter Nova Scotia Technical College. A similar plan would indeed be a great advantage to our graduating students many of whom are very promising.

Registration:
First Year
Second Year
Third Year
Special
Total

Attendance:

Course. No. Reg.
Drawing 1----- 23
Drawing 2----- 24
Surveying 1--- 23
Surveying 2--- 24

Course. No. Reg.
Mechanics 2----8
Mechanics 3----9
Mechanics 5----9
Geology----------3

Note: At present the course in Mechanics 2 is being given by the President.

COURSES:

Drawing 1.
Orthographic Propection was fully covered, including working drawings; the making of blueprints, and also the theory and practice of the slide rule were included in this course. I am satisfied that a good foundation was laid to enable students to proceed to more advanced courses in this subject.

Drawing 2.
Problems relating to points, lines, and planes in space, with emphasis on practical applications were covered. Lay-out sheets by Schumann and Lee were found time saving and valuable. As in all drafting classes, emphasis on accuracy and neatness were stressed. This course was taken by second and third year students.

Surveying I.
An introductory course for first year students to the uses, care, and adjustment of surveying instruments and equipment, also subject matter dealing with topographical surveying and computing field notes in preparation for survey camp of three weeks -- a prerequisite for Surveying 2. Students took advantage of fine weather to use the instruments out of doors.

Surveying 2.
The initial part of this course was taken at Survey Camp on which a further note is appended. The laboratory work in this course consisted of a continuation of the practical work of the summer, taking advantage of plane tables, kindly loaned by the Newfoundland Government Geological Department, through the courtesy of C. K. Howse, Esq., B.Sc. Road work, area and volume problems, were also practiced. Maps of the summer survey were plotted and traced.

Lectures covered field astronomy, stadia principles, volume and area calculations, etc. This course was obligatory for second and third year students.

Mechanics 3
Graphical statics problems on trusses, beams, and bridges were dealt with. The problems were of a practical nature with a view to aiding in further courses in mechanics.

Mechanics 5.
The first part of this course dealt with non-metallic building materials, with special emphasis on concrete work. For practical demonstration we visited the modern field-testing laboratory at Pepperrell. Mr. Taylor, the engineer in charge, devoted a whole afternoon illustrating and testing concrete samples. As this was the first opportunity for students in the Engineering Department to see work of this kind being done his courtesy was all the more appreciated.

The second part of this course covered fairly completely an introduction to ferrous metallurgy and common alloys; heat treatment of steel was emphasized.

Geology.
This is a course in general geology dealing mainly with physical geology. Historical geology was also treated. However, to suit the needs of the students, mineralogy and physical geology were considered most important. Three lectures a week and a laboratory period were devoted to this subject. Field trips store taken when weather permitted in the Autumn, and the balance of the laboratory periods was used to identify rocks and minerals. Map reading and map plotting were also practised. Time was given to the solution of various geological problems.

Practical application of Geology is being stressed in Canadian Universities for all prospective engineers. The Maritime Colleges have nearly all included it in their pre-engineering course. I feel that the time is coming when the Memorial University College will have to fall in line with this procedure as it will be a compulsory pre-requisite for a degree in Engineering. This year I encouraged as many third year students as possible to register for this course, six of them did so together with three second year students. The third year students, however, were obliged to drop the course due to the pressure of other subjects. The second year students completed the course. As a result of this experiment I consider that the most opportune time for our engineering students to take this course would be in their second year. But if this course is to be made compulsory now, and I strongly advise it, the question of laboratory equipment and space must be considered. At present there are some thirty (30) identified rocks and minerals, a Jolly Balance, a microscope, geological hammers (purchased this year) and a set of geological maps available for use by the students. While this provides a nucleus of equipment for a small class, it will not suffice if all second year students register for it. I should like to take this opportunity of making the following suggestions:

1. The large number of unidentified minerals -- the property of the Department of Natural Resources -- now housed in the College and available for use of the Engineering Department should be catalogued this summer.

2. Three more Jolly balances are necessaray, these cost approximately $10.00 each.

3. At present a classroom which is the engineering lecture room has to serve as a geological laboratory as well. This is by no means adequate. A suggestion for solving this problem will be put forth later in this report.

Evening Classes.
Evening Classes of a vocational nature were continued this year. These included AutoMechanics, Radio Operation, and Blue Print Reading. In some of these it might be worth noting that more satisfactory work could be done if the groups were sub-divided so that people of more equal educational standards could work together. No doubt the instructors have made this point in their detailed report.

Equipment.
In some ways this has been a difficult year. For example the work of the department was somewhat retarded by the late arrival of necessary small drafting supplies for the large first year class. This applies with greater force to the replacements and additions to the equipment of the Department. Owing to war conditions engineering equipment is on the priority list and in some cases cannot be secured at all. A transit and tapes allowed for in this year's budget could not be secured, and I request that the sum allotted be added to next year's budget. This equipment is essential for the work of Surveying 2, I was fortunate enough to be able to secure the loan of this needed equipment last year, but this might not be possible again. Twelve drafting tables and twelve stools were added to the equipment of the Department this year, also sufficient drafting instruments to meet the needs of the large classes. The sink, installed by the Department of Public Utilities, has been very useful, and the painting of the drafting room has been a great improvement. Provision for the purchase of a level has been included in the budget for next year.

Drafting Room.
The gradual increase in students registering for Engineering resulted this year in very large classes, it is not unlikely that this growth will continue. Finding accommodation in a drafting room originally designed for small classes for such a large number is a serious problem. This difficulty was partially and inadequately overcome this year by making use of part of the adjoining balance room, through the kind co-operation of the Department of Chemistry. Next year the same problem arises, and unless the registration of engineering students is restricted, which, in my opinion, would be deplorable, permanent space will have to be found to accommodate the classes. If it were possible to use the whole space of the balance room this would also temporarily supply space for the geological laboratory mentioned under Geology. All the classes in Drafting require more time than that provided for by laboratory periods, and the work of the students is very much handicapped if they are not free to make use of the drafting room in spare periods. This has not always been possible this year.

Field Trips.
In addition to field trips briefly mentioned under Mechanics 5 and Geology, visits were also made to the Base at Fort Pepperrell, to see the building projects there, to the Airport at Torbay, where construction of runways and hangers was in progress, and to the Newfoundland Dockyards, where an extension programme was being carried out. All these field trips were exceptional opportunities for engineering students to see modern practical engineering.

Summer Employment.
Practical experience is a necessary part of engineering training and it has always been the policy of the College to endeavour to find work for the students during the summer. Last year applications of the students, through the Department of Engineering, resulted in all the engineering students finding summer work of a profitable and instructive nature. Reports on their work furnished by various employers were very encouraging. Indications are that most of the students will again be employed this summer.

Engineering Seminar.
Under the auspices of the Engineering Society conducted by the students the Seminar was again successful. In addition to the weekly meeting during the second semester guest speakers were invited to give talks on engineering topics. These proved very valuable. Numbered among the speakers were the President, Doctor A. G. Hatcher, Mr. G. Hoff, U. S. Government Engineer in charge of operations at the American Bases in Newfoundland, and Mr. Isminger, Resident Engineer at Fort Pepperrell.

Thanks.
The Deparment is deeply grateful to all those who helped the engineering students during the past academic year. Among those are Doctor A. G. Hatcher, members of the staff of Engineers at Fort Pepperrell, Mr. R. E. Holland, Manager of Cape Construction Co., Mr. C. K. Howse. B.Sc.. Associate Government Geologist, Mr. J. H. Burridge, Chief Surveyor, Department of Natural Resources, Mr. R. R. Murray, U.S.O. Director, through whose kindness it was possible for the Engineering Society to hold its annual banquet in the U.S.O. building.

I should like also to thank Mr. O. Coish and Mr. E. Tuff who acted as laboratory assistants and carried out their duties in a creditable manner.

I have the honour to be, Sir,
Your obedient servant.

S. J. CAREW,
Associate Professor of Engineering.

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