I have the honour to submit the following report, with certain appendices, of some of the work done by the College during the academic year 1935-1936.
Visitors.May I be allowed first of all to make respectful reference to the departure of Admiral, Sir David Murray Anderson, K.C.B., K.C.M.G.., M.V.0., from this country; to record how valuable was the gracious and informed interest taken by the later Governor and Lady Anderson in the work of the College; to bid a loyal welcome to His Excellency Vice-Admiral Sir Humphrey T. Walwyn, K.C.S.I., C.B., D.S.O., and to Lady Walwyn; and to thank his Excellency for his gracious acceptance of the title and office of Visitor to the Memorial University College?
We recall with much sorrow the passing on February 26th of the Honourable F.C. Alderdice, Commissioner for Home Affairs and Education. Mr. Alderdice was Chairman of our Board of Trustees until last December. His ambitious plans for the future of this College, as for education generally, will now, alas! never be carried out by him.
The College now welcomes most heartily the Honourable J.A. Winter, K.C., on the occasion of his first appearance on this platform as Commissioner for Home Affairs and Education.
Board of Governors
During the year a change in the governing body of the College was brought about by the Act (No. 45 of 1935) which set up the present Board of Governors whose members are: J. Boyd Baird, M.Sc.; W.J. Browne, K.C., B.A. B.A. Sc.; V.P. Burke, O.B.E., B.Sc., M.A., LL.D., (Chairman); T. Burton, Lt.-Col., S.A.; G. Alain Frecker, B.A., B.Sc.; R. Gushue, LL.B.; C.E. Hunt, K.C.; Arthur Mews, C.M.G., (Secretary); Ltd.-Col. W.F. Rendell, C.B.E.; I.J. Samson; L.W. Shaw, B.A., (ex officio).
Of the services rendered to education generally by the two retiring Trustees, Rev. Dr. L. Curtis and Mr. R.K. Kennedy, others can speak better than I. The College holds their names in deepest respect as two of its Founders. May we go on to justify their highest hopes!
Changes in Staff
At last year's Convocation we announced the release of Mr. L.W. Shaw, then professor of education, to take up the duties of Secretary, later General Superintendent, of the Department of Education. His successor here is E.C. Powell, M.Sc., Ph.D., who has given faithful and acceptable service. Last June Mr. G. Alain Frecker was also asked for and reluctantly we let him go. He has been replaced as Lecturer in Engineering by St. Clair J. Hayes, B.A., B.Sc. (M.E. and E.E.), whose first year among us has been remarkably successful in every way.
The need of full-time demonstrators in the chief sciences has long been apparent. This year we made a beginning by appointing as demonstrator in biology Miss K. Kennedy, B.Sc. (St. F.X.). An abnormal registration last September was one reason for the sessional appointment of Mr. R. Duder, B.A. (McGill), B.A., (Oxon.), to assist in the departments of English and Modern Languages; and for the increased duties assigned to Miss G. Summers, B.A. (St. F.X.). These three are our own graduates.
It is with very genuine regret that we now say good-bye to Mr. J.S. Colman, who for three years, as Associate Professor of Biology, has given us splendid service, enthusiastic and informed. To succeed Mr. Colman, we have been fortunate in obtaining Mr. W. Templeman, B.Sc. (Dal.), M.A., Ph.D.(Tor.) now Lecturer in Zoology in McGill University.
Mr. R.T. Harling, Professor of Physics, has been granted sabbatic leave for one year, which he will spend in study. Tentative arrangements have been made for an experienced and able physicist as locum tenens.
The number of students in attendance during the year now closing has been 272, the largest by far in the history of the College. The freshman year in Arts and Sciences numbered 140, which is perhaps more than our present capacity. There were 53 in the Teacher Training Department.
I regret to record the death during the year of one of our students, Mr. George Morris of St. John's, to whose parents and friends our sympathy goes out.
This year the College examinations have been held in two parts, one at mid-year (Jan. 27th to Feb. 5th) and one at year-end (May 25th to June 3rd), thus dividing the year into two semesters of equal teaching length. The aggregate results of these examinations are given in an Appendix to this Report. It shows that in the Arts and Sciences 52 have successfully completed the Freshman year, 14 in First Class. The number of graduates is 46 in Arts and Science, of whom 11 gained First Class standing, and 45 in the Teacher Training Course. Some 4 need to satisfy the requirements in one subject before being added to the list of graduates.
Our leaving standards have been criticized as too severe. We would not care to hear the reverse criticism.
Courses of Study
Few changes have been made in the subject matter of our teaching during the year. The course Physics I, which is all the formal instruction in physics that many of our students receive, has been made somewhat more humane. One of the two modern text-books used in this course was written by Dr. R.J. Stephenson, a former lecturer in this College.
The new course in teacher-training has now been conducted for two years. I append a brief report by the Professor of Education. Mr. Shaw's advice and help were of much value to this department of our work. I take this opportunity also of thanking the principals and teachers of city schools whose kindness made our observation and practice teaching possible.
In other departments minor changes have been made in order to fit our instruction more closely to the needs of the students.
For purpose of reference I list here the chief courses offered: an Arts and Science (including pre-medical) Course of two years, an Engineering Course of three years, a Household Science Course of two years, and a Teacher-Training Course of one year. The subjects included in these courses are many and varied. If we define a subject as a year's work in a field of study, five subjects normally making up a full year's list, the College now offers and (with one exception) actually gives the following 49 subjects.
This list does not include the subjects of the Teacher-Training Course, which is designedly not so fully standardized. It excludes also the highly important evening and continuation classes, the music and art, the work of summer schools and certain other work done.
When we recall that in the year 1925-26 we taught perhaps 10 subjects, some idea of the growth of the College can be gained. Its growth can be further illustrated by the science of biology, for example. Before 1925 no biology at all as a regular science was taught in Newfoundland. Indeed we began in 1925 without it. But in the very next year a well-qualified professor was secured, a laboratory set up and work begun. In 1925-26 there were 7 students, in 1934-35 there were 79 and in 1935-36 there are 90, including nearly all the men in the Teacher-Training Class.
After next year, i.e., commencing in September 1937, we propose to raise the standard of our matriculation by requiring a somewhat higher average mark in the Grade XI examination and by requiring six instead of five subjects. We shall apply the new regulations fairly.
Work of the Faculty
The work of the College increases from year to year. Nevertheless, members of the Faculty have made time for study and even research. This year there are being published Les ecrits critiques de Jean Chapelain (duodecimo, 350 pages) by Dr. A. C. Hunter; a paper on "The Present State of the Newfoundland Seal-Fishery" by J.S. Colman, and a chapter of the Year-Book of Education, 1936, entitled "Recent development in education in Newfoundland" by A.G. Hatcher.
The members of the Faculty are generous in sharing the pleasure of their own cultural life with the community. Apart from their actual teaching the presence in the country of the body of ladies and gentlemen who are my colleagues is an intellectual asset of worth. They serve on committees and boards of various kinds, and give help and advice freely in their respective fields of learning.
Of the achievements of our graduates and past students much might be written, I mention only a few. The Commission of Government set up last year a corps of Magistrates and Assistant Magistrates, for the outports, whose work is not to be judicial but to include community oversight and to give a correct picture of the life of our people; four of our graduates have been appointed to this important service. The educational policy of the Government now includes a corps of Supervising Inspectors for the public schools; out of the ten recently appointed four are our graduates and two have taken some of our courses.
Those of our graduates who have proceeded to universities abroad have been very successful. During the past few weeks 18 of them have won degrees according to our present information; there are probably a few more. Out of the 267, excluding those who graduate today, who have taken the full course during the past 10 years, at least 148 have gone on with university studies, and of these 118 have already won degrees. In many cases their records have been outstanding and several honours and distinctions have come to them. While in these few years little can be expected in the field of advanced scholarship, yet a few have shown ability in original research. For example, the present year has seen (or will see) the publication of six original papers by our graduates in the Canadian Journal of Research, the journal of the Biological Board of Canada, and the Reports of the Newfoundland Fishery Research Commission; and there are, I expect, others similar.
Those whose formal education ended with our graduation diploma must not be forgotten. Accounts of their work, which come to us from time to time, are heartening to a degree, whether it is done in such key positions as that of the teaching profession or in non-professional walks of Newfoundland life.
The Old Memorials' Association, whose president this year is Mr. J.D. Higgins, is continuing the scholarship which I announced a year ago. The Association presented, also, as an anonymous gift from one of its members, a prize for public speaking to be awarded to a member of this year's student body.
Scholarship And Loan Fund
This fund, whose capital value is now some $23,000, was raised for the most part by my predecessor. From its income we can grant this year two leaving scholarships called Memorial University College Scholarships, and also, perhaps, make available certain small sums as loans. Perhaps even Mr. Paton, farsighted as he was, hardly foresaw the great service of this small fund in opening doors of opportunity. We see it to-day. The value of the loan part of the Fund, exiguous as it is, is also remarkable, for it has more than once, by giving a little extra help, enabled a graduate to finance one or two more years at a University.
Gifts or even loans to this Fund, no matter how small, will bring cultural returns out of all proportion to their cash value.
Our Students: Their studies
The chief purpose of the College is study. Since for some time we have seen evidence that many students find it hard to make the transition from the more disciplined work of school to the freer life of College, we instituted this year a series of talks to freshmen on such matters as the differences between school and college, the place of interest in education, how a student may best order his time, the taking of notes and the use of books. Moreover, the system of student advisers has been made much more effective. An attempt will be made to supervise, in the absence of a hostel of our own, the living arrangements of outport students. On the whole the study-life of our students is, I believe, steadily improving. For example, never before have the books of our Library been so much or so well used.
The centre of our College is the Library. This has been a lean year in respect of income, for the grant of $1000 a year for three years from the Carnegie Corporation of New York is now finished. But the impetus of that splendid gift endures. A special report from the Library Committee is attached herewith, where it will be seen that the appreciation, and use of books is increasing among our students.
Except for the last few weeks, when some students suffered attacks of influenza and consequent ailments and others were kept from College by quarantine, the time lost by illness this year has been small.
I take pleasure in thanking here the Department of Public Health for the fine services it has given us this year. Our Teachers-in-Training, our pupil teachers, and others have received individual medical examinations. Physical defects, such as those of the teeth, eyes, tonsils, etc., have been found out and these handicaps to study and enjoyment have been removed. Beside the benefit of their advice and encouragement, officers of the Department have given lessons to our teachers in training on tuberculosis, mental hygiene, etc. In other ways also we are indebted to the Department.
The Athletic Union, whose President was Mr W.J. Higgins, reports a good year's work in spite of such a handicap as not possessing a playing-field. Association and Rugby football games were played, one to raise funds for a charitable object, and practices much enjoyed. In basketball a men's team entered a City Series winning third place, while a women's team made a close second in the Intercollegiate series. Ice-hockey for men was popular, but the Club League which our team proposed to enter was unfortunately not formed. Ice-hockey was also played by the women and with more success, for they won the championship of their league. Field-hockey was well played by our women students, with second place won. The report thanks Miss O. Field and Messrs. S.J. Hayes, E. House, and B. Maher for kindness in coaching.
The health programme of the Teachers-in-Training under the direction of Miss H. Lodge, associate professor of education, includes much attention to games of varied and interesting kinds.
The movement towards Guide training, begun last year, among the Teachers-in-Training, developed this year into a Cadet Company registered as the First St. John's (Memorial University College). Our thanks are due to Miss C. Furlong, Commissioner for Training, who directed the class; Miss E. Alderdice, Deputy Dominion Commissioner who performed the enrolment; to Miss Phillips, Camp Adviser, who will also be in charge of our Company's Camp, which will commence on June llth at Seal Cove; and to Miss M. Andrews for much help. The leader this year was Miss G. Adams. The success of this year's effort may, I think, be partly traceable to the visit here last June of Lady Baden Powell.
A course of formal instruction in Art is given to the Teachers-in-Training, whose project-work also allows some play to artistic impulses. A less formal and a pleasant mode of instruction, for all students who desire it, is offered by a voluntary class in the appreciation of art together with periodic exhibitions of pictures. Here the valuable Carnegie Reference Set of reproductions and the fine books and albums accompanying the set find great use. Much additional material has been added to the collection during the past few years. Of the exhibitions, some of which were open to the public, I may mention specially a remarkably good exhibit of Chinese art. The report of the Honorary Curator, though brief, tells a good deal and I append a copy to this Report.
Besides the regular weekly instruction in singing given to the teachers-in-training by Chas. Hutton, Esq., K.S.G., a voluntary effort is our Glee Club. Miss Eleanor Mews, L.T.C.M., has been good enough to act as director and her sympathetic methods have been highly successful. The two evenings of Carols by Candlelight in December and the two performances of the Concert In May have been described as artistic triumphs, in the words of some competent to judge. There are several handicaps to all this fine work. For example, the College badly needs a small grand piano.
Our weekly assemblies generally include music as part of their programme. To such persons as Mrs. F.A. Janes, Miss Kathryn Mews, Mr. D. Mews, Miss Kathleen Howley, Miss Jean Taylor, who have played and sung to us so acceptably, our real thanks are hereby given.
The doings of the students other than their formal courses form an important element in our College life. They are under the control of the Students' Representative Council elected by the under-graduates themselves, who thus learn something of the conduct of affairs. This year's Council consists of Mr. F. Gover (president), Miss M. Conroy (secretary), Misses G. Butler, D. Milley, M. Robertson, R. Summers and Messrs. C. Godden, W. Macabe, F. O' Dea, C. Roberts, F. Smallwood. I hereby thank them formally for their painstaking and efficient work.
The College magazine Cap and Gown (editor in chief, Mr. C. Mercer) was a creditable production, the work of the students themselves except for a section provided by the graduates. Their profit on this was sufficient to provide a scholarship which at the request of the editorial board is being granted to a deserving and able first year student to continue his studies.
Little time was found this year for dramatics, but a one-act play, written by a graduate, Mr. F. Templeman, was broadcast by our Dramatic Society.
The Literary Society, whose president was Mr M.F. Harrington presents a fine report. It tells of addresses such as one on Dr A.C. Hunter's European travels, Mrs. Hunter's illustrated talk on Spain, Hon. Sir John Hope Simpson's address on "The Young Newfoundlander" and Prof. A.M. Fraser's on international affairs; and debates on such topics as the Ethiopian question, the modern application of the ideas of Carlyle and Ruskin. A prize for public speaking given by a member of the Old Memorials Association, who prefers not to give his name, was won by Mr. F.W. Rowe.
The Science Club was presided over by Mr. G. Morris until his regretted demise. Its meetings were well attended and much interest was shown in the topics discussed. Some of them were: a chemist in a steel factory, infra-red photography, the Great Barrier Reef, the universe of space.
A new venture this year was the Engineering Seminar due to the initiative of Mr. S.J. Hayes. It gave our engineering students a chance to hear prominent members of the profession discuss some of the practical problems of to-day.
For the third year now Citizenship Study Groups have been conducted. The influence of these attempts to understand the nature of the pressing problems that confront our country to-day may be very far-reaching. Hence I add a brief report of the secretary of these groups to this Report. To the Vice-President of the College should go a good deal of credit for his encouragement of this worthwhile activity.
Awards for Service
We follow here the practice observed elsewhere of awarding a letter - an M in our case - to a student who has well represented the College in athletics. But in addition the Students' Representative Council has submitted a list of names of students who have served their fellows in obliging and often unobtrusive ways, and to these the so called "Service M" has been awarded. Their names appear in the Appendix.
It is pleasing to report that the grounds about the College continue to be improved. For this our thanks are due to the Department of Public Utilities. The graduating class has presented 25 trees and has had them properly planted. Only now is it beginning to appear what a fine site these buildings occupy. We hope it will soon be a credit to the country to which it belongs and to the city in which it is set.
Evening and Extension Classes
From its beginning the College has grasped every chance to extend its benefit beyond the circle of its own undergraduates, and each year evening classes and continuation classes have been given in a large variety of subjects. This year classes were given in Chemistry (for nurses), dietetics (for nurses), cookery, pharmacy, German, astronomy, navigation, mineralogy (for prospectors), law and economics and constitutional history (for civil servants), shop mathematics and blueprint reading (for apprentices); and also a series of public lectures on topics of contemporary interest. The number of persons served in these classes was 400. While these, I believe, were all of much value, yet attention may be specially directed to navigation, to the civil service classes and to the apprentices' classes, as serving respectively to raise the qualifications of officers of Newfoundland ships, to help the Government to improve the quality of its employees, and to benefit a somewhat neglected group.
The meetings of a Seminar for Teachers were hold in the College buildings again this year. I append a copy of the report of this organization to this Report.
The foregoing paragraphs present but a mere outline of our evening programme, which have a full report to itself.
Of the Summer School for teachers and others held last July a full report was then presented. I now mention only that it included an affiliated school for Sisters of the Catholic teaching Orders, it offered for the first time a course in administration and supervision, and its size (there were 496 students) and its fine spirit were remarkable.
In November the College celebrated the centenary of the birth of Andrew Carnegie. The celebrations included displays of posters both in College and in shop windows of the town, and of the illustrations from the "Carnegie Anthology" with explanatory words; the unveiling of the Luis Mora portrait at a public meeting in our College Library; an account, given by Dr. V.P. Burke at the Assembly of the College, of some of the work of the Corporation and the value of its great beneficence to our country; and a public lecture by myself entitled "Andrew Carnegie, a Centenary Address,"
Other Events of the Year
In October it was the great pleasure of my wife and myself to entertain, with your approval, a large number of city teachers and others at an informal evening conversazione and musicale.
The little girls of Miss Baird's cooking classes from some of the city schools entertained their mothers and their teachers on certain afternoons in our rooms.
The students of our Household Science department gave a well served dinner of several courses to the members of the staff.
A very happy Christmas Tree party was given during the Christmas vacation by our women students to a number of under-privileged children.
The year has been one of much interest and activity in many directions.
I wish now to thank very sincerely all who have contributed to whatever measure of success the College has achieved this year. The list is very long. It would include the Trustees and the Board of Governors, for their exercise of judgment and patience; those formerly closely associated with the work of the College such as Dr. W.W. Blackall and the President Emeritus, Mr. J.L. Paton, for their continued sympathy and encouragement; the Faculty and other teachers, for hard work well and faithfully done; our fine body of students whom for their zeal and youthful enthusiasm it has been a pleasure to serve; and parents and friends for good wishes and benefactions.
I have the honour to be,
(Signed) A.G. Hatcher
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