In the Senior Matriculation Examinations of 1927, 18 students passed, 9 were awarded supplementary certificates in different subjects, 22 distinctions were given.
Ralph Andrews, distinction in English, Mathematics, Latin.
Sara Anderson, distinction in English, French.
The number in the College during the present year has been:
46 Full Students in 1st year.
5 Special Students.
The large number in the first year made it necessary to arrange double shifts for lecture and labratory work in Physics and Biology. This involved a prolongation of the hours of tuition and the disappearance of the Wednesday half-holiday. The trouble will be accentuated next year when the Senior Matriculation classes will be given up at St. Bonaventure's College. We need a large stepped scientific lecture room which can accommodate 60 students.
Mr. D.H. Travers having resigned, we were glad to avail ourselves of the help of Mrs. Jas. Conroy, Jr., B.A. to take the course in British History. Her work was taken over after Christmas by Mrs. Alan Fraser, late Headmistress of Bishop Spencer College. We are much indebted to these ladies who have put in most valuable work. Mrs. Philip Knowling has held an honorary appointment as Lecturer in Botany. During the absence of Professor Sleggs, who represented Newfoundland at the North American Commission on Fishery Investigation, she rendered most helpful service. We wish to thank many friends who especially during the winter months, have helped to illustrate Mrs. Knowling's lectures by specimens from their hot houses.
The activities of the staff have not been confined to strictly College work. All of us have lent a hand in the evening classes. Dr. Hunter delivered a series of lectures before Christmas on Shakespearean Tragedy and another after Christmas on English Literature of the 18th century. Professor Sleggs delivered courses on Economic Biology and the Wonders of the Microscope. Professor Sleggs has contributed to Biological Abstracts, a scientific periodical published by the University of Pennsylvania.
New courses have been given in Mathematics 2 and 3, Chemistry 2, Physics and pre-medical, German (2nd year scientific). Next year we are able to give a new course in Geology for which, Dr. Herbert Baker, D.Sc. (London), the Government Geologist, has drawn up the syllabus and selected the text-books. He will himself give the lectures. Professor Mennie will offer a course in Organic Chemistry which is now obligatory for students intending to enter the Medical Course at Dalhousie and McGill.
The accommodation in the Chemistry laboratory has been improved, slightly in extent and considerably in convenience, by replacing one of the original work-tables by a new one of more suitable design. The stock of chemicals has been largely extended, to meet the needs of the organic course.
Some useful additions have been made to the equipment of the Physics laboratory. In particular the College is indebted to the generosity of Mr. J.W. Morris for the very valuable gift of an X-ray transformer complete with all accessories, which will be available for demonstration or research work. The first year class in Physics was much too large for the available seating space, necessitating the division of the class into two sections and the repetition of all lectures. The most urgent need in this department is a properly equipped lecture room for chemistry and physics with adequate seating accommodation.
1928 was generous in centenaries, Miss Margaret MacDonald of the Y.W.C.A. gave to our women students an address on Josephine Butler and her work. Albrecht Durer we were able to celebrate through the kindness of Mrs. Harold Ayre. She put at our service a large portfolio of his woodcuts which formed the backbone of a collection that was set out in the library by Professor Hunter. Mr. Fred R. Emerson lectured in July on Dante Gabriel Rossetti.
Mr. T.B. Browning, M.A., gave a lecture on the Discovery of Newfoundland in the light of early cartography.
In spite of the longer hours worked, games have been played energetically by both women and men students. Mention must be made of help given by Dr. Hunter and Mr. R. J. Stephenson. The ice hockey team under Miss Muriel Lawrence won for the College its first championship. We have to thank the Reverend the Principal of St. Bonaventure's College for giving us so freely the use of the fine rink at the College and to the Principal of the United Church College for the use every week of the Ayre Ground and the College gymnasium. The trustees have hired the C.L.B. Hall in which to play Basket Ball and the gymnasium four afternoons a week and have given us a grant in aid of equipment.
A Science Club and a Chess Club have been started and have been well run. The Students Representative Council have drafted a constitution and after prolonged discussions with the staff have finally adopted it.
A calendar has been prepared by a staff-committee of Professors Hatcher, Hunter and Mennie and was published in July. This gives a full digest of our curricula, records and graduates with all other necessary information.
Recognition of the College has hitherto been confined to the Canadian Universities but thanks to the kind offices of Dr. Burke, the college has been recognized by two great Universities of the U.S.A., Harvard and Colombia, which have both agreed "to receive students of the Newfoundland Memorial University College on the same terms as students from other Universities in Canada and the U.S.A."
The University of Mount Allison, through President Trueman, has offered two scholarships to be presented annually to students of this College proceeding to Mount Allison and tenable for two years. The scholarships are respectively of the value of 125 pounds and 62 pounds, 5s. This is more than a friendly gesture. It is helping us precisely at the point where we most need help. Every year we have promising students taking our Diploma but unable without substantial assistance to proceed to a University to complete the degree course.
Our Scholarship Fund
What about our Scholarship Fund? If Acadia holds out a helping hand every year and Mount Allison holds out two helping hands, ought not we to be doing something? I was anxious to get out on a begging campaign last autumn, but friends in Water Street and the Trustees both advised me to stay my hand. The result is that our increment in the course of the year has been less than $1000 dollars. The total remains at $6300. This yields a little over $300. We must offer at least one scholarship of $300 every year and it must be tenable for two years for it takes two years to complete the degree. It is no good giving a scholarship for one year only. Bridges that stretch only halfway across the stream are a mockery and snare. We need, therefore, $600 per annum to keep the scholarship going. That means we must have at least $12,000 invested. We are awarding the scholarship again this year in the faith that our countrymen will see us through with the necessary funds and not leave their own picked youth in the lurch.
In the U.S.A. the total monies given to University Institutions by way of private benefaction were upwards of 168 million dollars. In the same ratio, our population should be giving between $384,000 and $385,000. If we decided to prove to U.S.A. that our patriotism is more intense than theirs, it would be a still larger sum.
Gift from the French Republic
24 January, 1929.
Mr. President:-- The untiring efforts of the Government of this Colony to promote Higher Education, the erection of the Memorial University College as a lasting testimonial for this purpose, the activities of its President and devoted staff of Professors, have been brought to the attention of the French Government, so that it might consider the advisibility of encouraging in a concrete manner the work already done by staff and the students of this college.
I beg to inform you, Mr. President, that my Government has been pleased to grant to the Memorial University College a complete set of French Classical Literature together with a collection of French Authors, interpreted critically by modern French writers.
Wishing to promote specially the study of the French language the French Government has granted to the first and second best student in the second year of the French Course a Silver Medal and a Bronze Medal respectively, which will be for them undoubtedly a well merited reward and I hope a pleasant remembrance of their University years at the Memorial College.
I have the honour to be,
Yours very sincerely,
Nothing more heartening has befallen us in the three years of our existence than this spontaneous recognition on the part of the Great Republic over seas. I cannot say how deeply we appreciate not only the gift but the gracious way in which it has been given and the words of friendliness in which it is conveyed. We regret that Mon. L.J. Morand, the French Consul, was not able to be present at our Graduation ceremony to present the medals in the name of France.
The Fellowship of the British Empire Exhibition offered 20 guineas as prize for an essay. The subject set for essay was "Newfoundland, her place, present and prospective, in the British Commonwealth of Nations." The prize was awarded to Wilfred Templeman. Sir William Lloyd kindly acted as final arbitrator in making this award.
We have now representatives at four Universities: London, (England), Toronto, Dalhousie, Acadia. There are no degrees yet to chronicle. They will come in a shower next year. They have won successes in the medical school, (we have 6 taking medicine at Dalhousie) in Law, in Science, in Forestry and Arts. Mr. W.F. Hampton is taking Honours in Chemistry at Dalhousie, Miss Helen McGrath and Mr. Frank Hayward, our two students at Toronto, have both made good, the former in the Honours Course in English and History, with 2nd place, and the latter in Forestry. Miss Alice Sparkes leads her year at Dalhousie in Greek, Madge Chant leads in Latin, Mr. Roy Clarke has been elected to the Rhodes Scholarship and goes up to Exeter College, Oxford, next October. Two of our old students are in business in Water Street, being trained for directive posts.
What I have still to say I can say in a few words. It is a word to those who are leaving. You have been looking forward to this as the end. And in a sense it is an end, the end of your college life with us. And as such it is a milestone on the road of your life. It marks the completion of a definite period -- something attempted, something done.
But in another and truer sense, it is not an end, it is a beginning -- to some the beginning of a further period of training with a view to progress in life -- to others the beginning of life itself, whether in a profession or some other field. And when you look back in after time on the way by which you have come, you will see what the college has done to place in your hands the keys to certain openings which lead out into broader fields and on to higher peaks and you will find, I trust, as you look back that college life has been really the beginning of a new and wider, richer way of living.
if you wind it into a ball,
It will lead you in at Heaven's gate
That is in Jerusalem wall."
What William Blake said of his vision in his poem we may say of the time of your study at College and when we say good-bye to you, as we do today and wish you all that belongs to success in the true upward sense of that word -- what we wish you is just that. We have placed in your hands the end of a golden thread. May you hold close to that golden thread and follow always where it guides your steps with steadfastness of heart and the joy that comes to those who walk by the inner light and put their trust in the higher promptings of their nature, and may it lead you as assuredly it will in the end of the day -- to the gleaming gate that is in Jerusalem wall.
We have to acknowledge with many thanks the following generous gifts:
The Republic of France, per Mons. L.J. Morand, 166 volumes of French Classical Literature and History.
Hon. Robert Watson, The British Empire Review, monthly. The Landmark, monthly. Overseas United Empire.
J.W. Morris, Esq., X-ray apparatus.
Thos. McNeil, Esq., collections of butterflies from the East. Photographs of antelopes, etc.
Sir Patrick McGrath, complete set of Labrador-Boundary Documents, 12 vols.
The Fellowship of the British Empire Exhibition, per D.J. Davies, Esq., G.C.M.G., 20 guineas for Prize Essay.
J.H. Earle, Esq., Boswell's Life of Johnson, 4 vols.
The Colonial Minister, the last Census of Newfoundland, 4 vols.
Senior Jubilee Scholarship
Mount Allison Scholarships
Memorial University College Scholarship
Order of Merit
James F. Horwood, Hons. in Latin, Chemistry.
Gerald Rosenberg, Hons. in Chemistry.
Jennie Edgar, Hons. in History of Civilization, Chemistry
Edith Jean White, Hons. in Latin
Gordon S. Cowan, Hons. in Latin.
J.C. Kirby, Hons. in English, British History.
George Canning, Hons. in Latin, Chemistry.
Grace Hue, Hons. in English, Latin
Herbert Chaplin, Hons. in Chemistry
Morley Hollett, Hons. in Latin
Lloyd LeGrow, Hons. in Chemistry
Henry W. Walters
James E. Jones
Allan T. Sparkes
Evelyn C.B. Foote, Hons. in Latin
Sadie Butt, unable thro ill health to take the examination was allowed the year in consideration of the high level of her class work during the year and the results of the Christmas examinations.
The session opened on October 6th with a public meeting at which the Hon. the Prime Minister took the chair.
The following classes were offered:
The life of the ocean. Economic Biology, pests and parasites in farm, fount and poultry yard, Professor G.F. Sleggs. Hours with the microscope, Professor G.F. Sleggs.
General course, Pro. J.H. Mennie. Advanced course in Analytical chemistry, J.C. Hogg, M.A.
Design and Lettering
For the course on pests and parasites only one student turned up and the course had to be cancelled. The class on Building construction petered out after Christmas.
The total registration was 487.
It is clear that the first fervour for what was a new thing two years ago has cooled off somewhat. This was to be expected but all the same it is discouraging.
As an offset we have the fact that after two years of trying we have at last floated classes in Navigation and Marine Engineering. The way was cleared this year first by the fact that the Legislature established certificates, (Masters' and Mates',) for coastwise navigation and a approved a syllabus for the same. We have asked for this since September, 1925. The second fact was that we arranged for these classes to be held, not at the college which is rather out of the way for seafaring men, but at the Morris Building in Queens' Street where the new Traveling Library has its home. This the men found more accessible and more comfortable. They worked hard and both Captain Major and Capt. Dalton spoke highly of their work in the examinations.
Passed as Master of Steamships
Unfortunately the exam was held so late that more than half the class had gone to sea.
Examinations were held at Easter and diplomas awarded to the following in order of merit:
Mr. Macdonald takes honours in all subjects.--viz: Materia Medica, Chemistry, Dispensary, Practical Pharmacy, Oral Examinations and Identification. He is awarded the Pharmacy Board Prize for the highest aggregate.
Miss M.E. Johns takes honours in 3 subjects and Mr. Fleming in 2.
The examination in advanced chemistry was again conducted by Mr. D.J. Davies, B.Sc., C.B.E., who made a report to the Job Trustees.
In addition to the classes, the newly-formed Art Club held its meetings weekly in the Library, doing chiefly sketches from the living model.
The number registering this year was 139, an increase of 13 on the year before. The striking feature about the entries this year was that the teachers applying were of higher grades than in previous years. As a consequence we had quite large classes for Matriculation, Senior and Junior, and quite small classes in the lower grades; some of them had only two members.
The new feature was the short training course offered in accordance with the Education Act 1927, Clause 50. Mr. H. Gordon Hatcher, M.A., Superintendent of Schools, Sherbrooke, Quebec, was appointed in charge of this course, with Mrs. L.J. King, as assistant. As it was a new venture, the number for the first year was restricted to 40. Mrs. King unfortunately fell ill during the first week and we were fortunate in being able to replace her at once by Miss Pearl McCoy, M.Sc., so the work went on without a hitch. Mr. Hatcher made a great success of his Department. He earned the confidence of his class at once by showing that he was perfectly cognisant of the conditions with which they had to work and that he meant to be thoroughly practical in his short course of instructions. Practice classes had been arranged daily through the kind co-operation of Sister Patrick of the Belvedere Orphanage and the two Church of England Orphanages. The Sisters of Mercy accorded us the privilege of using the Memorial School for these classes and our students had the privilege of seeing how attractive and interesting a school building can be made. At the close an examination was held and diplomas awarded to the following:
Class A.--Daniel J. Gillis, Carrie Dowden, Donald J. Mercer, Pauline Sullivan, Sara Anderson, Genevieve Hearn.
Class B.--Mary Daly, Maxwell Andrews, Marden C. Strong, William J. Bradbury, C. Hall, Mildred Tetford, John Hearn, Margaret Walker, Gertrude Penney, Florence Furey, Mary Gushue, Stella Knight, Beatrice M. Snelgrove, Minnie Harnum, Rita Hefferan, Mary James, Alice Hatch, Hattie Sharpe, Avice Anstey, Nellie Head, Agatha Hatch, John A. Mercer, Arthur Lovelace, Eliza Oldford, Hiram Keeping, Ida Power, Gertie Ball.
Nature Study was again for the third year in succession under the charge of Dr. F.A. Bruton, M.A.D. Litt., so the whole Summer School (with the exception of small groups taking Chemistry and Physics) attended, besides visitors. At each lecture each student was supplied with a free syllabus of the lecture and a tray containing the specimens which were to be referred to in the lecture, a lens, scalpel and pin. After each lecture there was a class in minerals, using the hand specimens provided for the college Museum. Dr. Bruton's lectures were specially designed to help teachers in handling Cormack's Crossing of Newfoundland, the newly published volume which is prescribed by the Council of Higher Education syllabus, and constant reference was made to that book. Every day after lecture the Biology laboratory was open, special specimens were set out, different objects were placed under the microscope and demonstrators were present to explain and help. Valuable assistance in demonstration was rendered by Misses Edith Edgar, May Stevenson, Hettie Pike, Mildred Hudson.
Diplomas were awarded to Miriam Blackmore (with distinction), Rudolph Duder, Dorothy Gilbert, Chas. Chislett, Nina Pottle, Vera Gilbert, Margaret Beresford, Annie Gillard.
A valuable find was made by Mr. Rudolph Duder. He found the Malaxis Unifolia, (green adder's mouth) mentioned by Cormack but not previously recorded in the Avalon Peninsula. Many additions to the herbarium were made; among them was a collection of 25 species of grass collected from the college campus. These were kindly named for us by Mr. E. Hitchcock, head of the Agrostological Section of the Department for Agriculture at Washington.
Mathematics were taught by Professor A.G. Hatcher, M.A., Mr. J.C. Hogg, M.A., Miss R. Carmichael, M.A. Professor Hatcher took the class in Navigation. Diplomas in the Theory of Navigation were awarded to Randolph Saunders (distinction), Elizabeth Rose, Isaac Batten, Annie Glavine, Hayward Burden. It is hoped that teachers who win this diploma will be holding classes in Navigation during the winter in the outports. There is more demand in the outports for such teaching than in St. John's. The new issue of Certificates for coastwise service should be an inducement to seafaring men to aim at getting their qualifications.
English was in charge of Miss V. Cherrington, assisted by Mr. L.F.C. Thorn, M.A. and Miss R. Carmichael, M.A.
French: Miss Graham, Mr. Leo English, Miss Alice M. Sparkes, Miss Olive Field.
Chemistry and Physics: Dr. J.H. Mennie, assisted by Mr. W.F. Hampton.
Music: Sir Charles Hutton, who introduced his class to the Foresman Music Records, a valuable help in the teaching of class singing.
Girl Guides: Miss Caroline Furlong with assistance of Miss Alderdice, Miss K. White and Miss Soper.
Art and Craft: Miss V. March, assisted by Miss Graham. Inasmuch as the system adopted in the art, teaching diverged very considerably from that prescribed in the C.H.E. Syllabus, being indeed based on quite different principles, it was thought well to have a collection of children's work, showing the stages all the way up from Kindergarten to the end of the primary stage (14 years). Such a collection was kindly put together and forwarded for us by Mr. R.H. Greysmith of School of Art, Brighton, England. A special room was set apart, the collection was on view daily for a fortnight. The craft work consisted in Raffia work and block cutting for wood engraving. Considering the shortness of the time, the progress shown was remarkably good.
Latin was in charge of the President, assisted by Mr. L.C.F. Thorn, M.A. and Miss Helena McGrath.
Lodging and Transportation was kindly undertaken by Mr. R.H. Richards.
Registrar: Miss Mabel G. Worrall.
Special Lectures: Mr. Fred Emerson lectured on the Rossetti Centenary. A small collection of reproductions with one original drawing was on exhibit.
Dr. Wiley Clarke lectured on "Story-telling, long and short," and told us Mr. Seton Thompson's story of Crag, the Kootenay ram.
The Summer School Concert was a great success. It was arranged by Sir Charles Hutton.
At the end of the school we held "Open House" for two days and invited all and sundry to come and see what we were doing. Teas were served by Miss Edna Baird with the assistance of some of our former students. There were several side shows. The net proceeds of these and of the concert, amounting to $171.75 were devoted to the Memorial College Scholarship Fund.
Scholarships for the Summer School were kindly provided by Sir Joseph Outerbridge, $50, The Honourable Robert Watson, $50, Mr. Harold Macpherson, $25, Mrs. Watson (per Miss Paton), $25.
Social Life: The corporate life of the Summer School was greatly helped by the strong feeling of camaraderie generated in the training course. There were motor picnics organised very kindly again by Miss V. Macpherson. There was a hike on foot every Saturday and several in the evening. There was a big bon-fire in Bowring Park (a new venture). There was a great luncheon at the Hotel given by the Superintendents. Finally, there was the Garden Party at Bowring Park given by Miss Annie Barlow of Edgworth near Bolton, Lancs. Mr. A.E. Canning took the whole party through the park calling attention to the different trees and other objects of interest. He also very kindly superintended the arrangements for the big tea on the pavilion. Mr. T.A. MacNab showed us his hive bees. Lady Squires gave a party to the training class at Midstreams and Mrs. Harold Ayre entertained over 40 at Tree-tops. In addition, we wish to express our thanks to those who acted as hostesses and lent cars: Mrs. W.S. Monroe, Messrs. Leonard Outerbridge, Herbert Outerbridge, Alex. Winter, Harold Mitchell, Fred Emerson, George Peters, Fred Smallwood, T.W. Collingwood, J.S. Currie, J.A. Robinson, J.H. Baggs, David Baird, W.H. Peters, George Peters, H. Wyatt, Harold Ayre, C.P. Ayre, Mrs. Harold Ayre, Lady Winter, Lady Squires, Miss Southcott, Miss V. Macpherson, Miss Elaine Squires, Miss MacLeod, Miss Ada Horwood, Miss V. Cherrington, Miss B. White, Messrs. P.E. Outerbridge, J. Blackwood, Leslie Curtis, A.E. Parkins, H.J. Wyatt, J. Boyd Baird, Mac Bird, Campbell Macpherson, Fred Ayre, C.A. Pippy, W. White.
We are specially indebted to Miss P. McCoy for the lead she took in all these social outings, also to Mr. H.M.K. Whiteway who presented us with a second handsome pair of caribou antlers and helped us with botanical specimens, and to Mr. A.E. Canning for constant help with flowers and seedlings, to the Rev. R.J. Power, M.A. and St. Andrew's Church for loan of lantern, and to Manchester Grammar School for lending us for the third year running, a large number of lantern slides which are not procurable from dealers.
Miss Annie E.F. Barlow presented a copy of Dr. Bruton's edition of Cormack's Journey to each student. These were handed out at the opening session by Mrs. W.S. Monroe, who also most kindly handed out Diplomas at the closing of the school. The Hon. the Prime Minister who presided at the opening handed to Mrs. Monroe a handsomely bound copy of the same book.
One evening was spent at the Traveling Library. Dr. Blackall gave a fine address on the teaching of English Literature, with valuable hints to teachers who aim not at choking of the love of books but at encouraging it. Dr. Burke spoke on the library and the way a box could be provided for any settlement and managed. Teachers saw the books asked questions and made suggestions.
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