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Canadian Aboriginal Languages

There are about 45 Aboriginal or First Nation languages spoken in Canada.

There are 11 language families, including Algonquian, Athapaskan, Eskimo-Aleut, Haida, Kutenai, Salishan, Siouan, Tlingit, Tsimshian, Iroquoian and Wakashan.

The most widely spoken Aboriginal languages in Canada are Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi, Ojibwe, Mi'kmaq, Blackfoot, and Maliseet (belonging to the Algonquian family), Carrier, Babine, Dogrib, Chipewyan, Slave, Gwich'in and Chilcotin, (belonging to the Athapaskan family), Assiniboine, (Siouan family), Mohawk, (Iroquoian family), Gitksan and Nishga (Tsimshian family).

For more information visit the Canadian Linguistic Association Committee on Aboriginal Languages


FAMILY LANGUAGE WHERE SPOKEN
Athapaskan Tagish, Sarcee, Babine, Han, Sekani, Kaska, Beaver, Hare, Dogrib, Slave, Chilcotin, Tahltan, Carrier, Tutchone, Kutchin, Chipewyan
Yukon, North West Territories, Northern British Colombia, Alberta,
Saskatchewan, and Manitoba
Algonquian Blackfoot, Cree- Montagnais-Naskapi, Ojibwe, Mi'maq, Maliseet, Potawatomi, Abenaki, Munsee Delaware
Blackfoot is spoken in Southern Alberta; Cree-Montagnais- Naskapi
is spoken in the Rockies to the Québec and Labrador peninsula; Ojibwe is spoken around the Great Lakes and in the Ottawa valley region; Mi'maq is spoken in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Québec. Maliseet is spoken in New Brunswick
Eskimo- Aleut Inuktitut North West Territories, Nunavut, Arctic Quebec and Labrador
Haida Haida Queen Charlotte Islands and northward
Iroquoian

Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Seneca, Onondaga, Tuscarora

Southern Ontario and Quebec

Kutenai Kutenai Interior British Columbia and along the Kootney River
Salishan Bella Coola,Comox, Halkomelem, Northern Straits, Salish, Sechelt, Lillooet, Okanagan, Squamish, Shuswap, Thompson
Bella Coola is spoken in coastal British Columbia. Comox, Halkomelen,
Northern Straits Salish, Sechelt and Squamish are spoken in interior British
Columbia and costal British Columbia. Lillooet, Okangan, Shuswap and Thompson are spoken in interior BC.
Siouan Dakota, Sioux, Assiniboine, Stoney Spoken in Morley, Alberta; Saskatchewan and Southern Manitoba
Tlingit Tlingit Spoken in Alaska, British Columbia and the Yukon
Wakashan Haisla, Heiltsuk, Kwak'wala, Nootka, Nitinaht
Haisla, Heiltsuk and Kwak'wala are spoken in Northern Vancouver
Island and the neighbouring mainland coast. Nootkan and Nitinah are spoken
on the west coast of Vancouver Island
Tsimshian Nass-Gitksan, Coast Tsimshian Coastal British Columbia, along Nass and Skeena rivers

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