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Vol 38  No 1
August 11, 2005


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Twentieth-Century Shore-Station Whaling
in Newfoundland and Labrador

Dr. Anthony B. Dickinson and Dr. Chesley W. Sanger

Newfoundland and Labrador has a long history of commercial whaling, beginning in the first half of the 16th century when Basque whalers established seasonal stations on the Labrador coast from which to hunt bowheads and North Atlantic right whales.

Anthony Dickinson and Chesley Sanger examine the regionís modern shore-station industry from its beginnings in 1896 to its peak catch season in 1904 through subsequent cycles of decline and revival until its enforced closure in 1972 by the federal government.

Modern shore-station whaling on Canadaís eastern shores developed with the spread of Norwegian-dominated whaling from local areas where stocks that had been depleted by new hunting technologies to more productive locations in the North Atlantic and elsewhere.

Twentieth-Century Shore-Station Whaling in Newfoundland and Labrador adds to a growing number of regionally specific case studies that collectively illustrate the complex nature of the history of global whaling. Dickinson and Sanger further demonstrate how participants in the industry were instrumental in developing other whaling initiatives, including those in British Columbia.

Dr. Anthony B. Dickinson (L) and Dr. Chesley W. Sanger

 

Anthony B. Dickinson is professor, Department of Biology, and director, International Centre, Memorial University of Newfoundland. He has also worked in Southern Hemisphere whaling and sealing. Chesley W. Sanger is professor emeritus, Department of Geography, Memorial University of Newfoundland, and has participated in the Newfoundland and Labrador offshore commercial harp seal fishery.

The pair also collaborated on the book Norwegian Whaling in Newfoundland.

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