Dr. Kris Aubrey, Assistant professor of Family MedicineFaculty of Medicine
Dr. Kris Aubrey is the newest member of the Faculty of Medicine’s Primary Healthcare Research Unit (PHRU). Prior to his appointment at Memorial, Dr. Aubrey practiced full scope rural family medicine including clinic, emergency, obstetrics, inpatient, palliative care, remote First Nations clinics, minor surgery, and long-term care.
Dr. Aubrey’s primary research interests are in the larger field of health services. Specific research interests have arisen out of his experiences as a rural family physician, and the frustration of seeing many people forced to travel long distances to obtain care that may be reasonable to offer in small local hospitals. To that end, he has recently completed a study looking at the outcomes of caesarean sections by family physicians.
He is currently continuing his work in rural hospital services research. Ongoing projects include the examination of obstetrical and neonatal outcomes based on the level of service at a woman’s local hospital and the impact of hospital remoteness on outcomes. A related project to clarify methodological issues with the first one is currently underway. Projects to examine the health outcomes of other events, illnesses or procedures in rural and underserviced populations are in their initial stages.
Dr. Aubrey’s long term research interests include the development of an emergency medicine research group at Memorial and the examination of different models of health care funding.
Dr. Aubrey completed his medical education at the University of Ottawa in 2001 and family medicine residency training with Family Medicine North, based in Thunder Bay and affiliated with McMaster University. After that, he went on to complete additional residency training in rural advanced skills including gastrointestinal endoscopy, emergency and intensive care. He also holds a master’s degree in Kinesiology from the University of Western Ontario.
Dr. Edward J. Kendall, Discipline of RadiologyFaculty of Medicine
Dr. Ed Kendall joined the Discipline of Radiology in the Faculty of Medicine in the fall of 2007 and holds a joint appointment in Eastern Health. His appointment involves research, teaching and consulting in medical physics. His research is supported by national granting councils and by the Department of Defense. His immediate goal is to acquire a high field magnetic resonance research system to carry out animal-based biophysical investigations that will complement the new positron emission tomography facility planned for Health Sciences.
Prior to joining Memorial, Dr. Kendall was the research director of the Academic Department of Medical Imaging at the University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon where he taught courses related to the physics of diagnostic imaging and the use of magnetic resonance technology in physiological research.
Dr. Kendall remains an affiliated faculty member of several departments at the University of Saskatchewan, including Physics and Engineering Physics, Biochemistry, and Biomedical Engineering. In addition, he is an executive member of the Canadian Light Source biomedical beam-line development committee. Prior to joining the University of Saskatchewan in 1995, he spent seven years with the National Research Council of Canada studying the use of magnetic resonance for characterizing agricultural materials.
Dr. Kendall’s academic background includes B.Sc.(Hon) and M.Sc. credentials from Dalhousie University and a PhD in biophysics from the University of Guelph. His basic science and clinical research interests include: detection and characterization of neuropathology associated with seizures; the development of non-invasive imaging technology for medical and veterinary medical applications; and semi-automatic analysis of medical images. His laboratory specializes in developing animal models of human neuro-pathology. Key advancements have been achieved in nerve gas (soman) research, in the development of specialized instrumentation and in the automated classification of survey breast images.
Dr. Michael Hogan, Discipline of MedicineFaculty of Medicine
Dr. Michael Hogan has a particular interest in the use of a human simulator in medical education. He is studying different ways to assess medical students and residents using the simulator, based on the student’s assessment, comprehension and ability to project how the simulated situation is going to go.
“We’re looking for an in-depth knowledge of where students and residents go wrong in order to improve the training,” he said. Dr. Hogan works with Drs. Darrell Boone and Andrew Furey in training and assessing students and residents with the human simulator.
Dr. Hogan did most of his training at Memorial University, including a B.Sc. (Biochemistry) in 1996, an MD (Class of 2000) and a general surgery residency from 2000-2006. He also holds a master’s of medical education (distinction) from the University of Dundee, Scotland, completed in 2004. He is a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of Canada with a certificate in general surgery. From 2006-2007 he was a clinical fellow in hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgical oncology at the University of Toronto.
Dr. Hogan has published his research on the use of situation awareness and simulation in trauma skills assessment, and continues his interest in this field. His current projects revolve around assessment of teams in trauma skills and the role of sleep deprivation in situational awareness.
Dr. Robert Porter, Discipline of PediatricsFaculty of Medicine
The Discipline of Pediatrics has new strengths with the addition of Dr. Robert Porter as an assistant professor with the discipline. Dr. Porter is also an emergency room physician at the Janeway Children’s Health Centre. His ongoing research interests include gastroenteritis and he hopes to pursue research on pediatric pain in the ER.
Dr. Porter completed his MD degree at Memorial in 1991, followed by a rotating internship, also at Memorial. He received certification in Family Medicine from the College of Family Physicians of Canada (CFPC) in 2003 and his CFPC Certificate of Special Competence in Emergency Medicine that same year.
From 1992 to 1995, Dr. Porter was a medical officer with the Canadian Forces at Canadian Forces Base Kingston in Ontario.
Dr. Porter was a general practitioner in Musgravetown, N.L., from 1995 to September 2001, also doing emergency room shifts at the Dr. G. B. Cross Memorial Hospital in Clarenville.
After moving to St. John’s in October, 2001, Dr. Porter worked as an emergency room physician at the General Hospital and St. Clare’s Mercy Hospital as well as the Janeway Children’s Hospital. Since 2003, he has practised Pediatric Emergency Medicine full time at the Janeway. He has a medical staff appointment with Eastern Health in the Child Health Program, Division of Ambulatory/Emergency Medicine, with a cross-appointment to the Emergency/ Ambulatory Care Program. He took over as division chief of Emergency Medicine for the Janeway on May 17.
Dr. Porter is a member of the Pediatric Critical Care Division Committee of Eastern Health and a faculty-at-large representative on the Faculty of Medicine’s Admissions Committee.
Dr. Sahar Iqbal, Discipline of MedicineFaculty of Medicine
Dr. Sahar Iqbal has extensive hands-on experience in basic general medicine as well as the intricacies of subspecialty internal medicine. She has a special interest in preoperative medicine, preventive medicine and community health.
Dr. Iqbal’s goal is to see a program that provides prevention advice in primary case, involving specialists such as cardiovascular surgeons and cardiologists. “I believe internists should intervene at the primary health care level,” she said. “In my own practice I assess patients and intervene immediately, even with diabetic patients, so they can participate in preventive care.”
Dr. Iqbal said that acute medicine takes the bulk of the health care budget, but more money and resources should be spent on prevention.
“As part of that I would like to get equipment (at St. Clare’s Mercy Hospital) to see which risk profile patients have. There should be all sorts of cardiovascular pre-operative clinics. We want to bring people in early and reduce their risk through programs such as smoking cessation, obesity reduction and psychological counselling. This program should also involve an exercise physiologist.”
Dr. Iqbal notes that the rates of failure after an event like a heart attack are really high because people don’t stop smoking, reduce their cholesterol and manage their blood pressure. “We need a multi-disciplinary approach to provide help.”
Born in Pakistan, Dr. Iqbal earned her bachelor of medicine and surgery (MBBS) at the University of the Punjab in 1991, and a diploma in nutrition at Allama Iqbal Open University in Islamabad in 2000. She did her residency in internal medicine at Memorial from 2003-2007. She also completed a M.Sc. in community nutrition at Memorial in 2003, and a diploma in clinical epidemiology at Memorial in 2007. She is a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Canada.