continues to attract outstanding researchers to its faculty complement.
This year they come from as far as Nepal and as close as our own backyard.
Their areas of research expertise include the politics of Northern Ireland,
international corporate finance, bone cancer research and artificial
intelligence. The upcoming issues of the Gazette will profile some of
our new research and teaching talent. Here are the first to be featured.
Basic Medical Sciences
Faculty of Medicine
Dr. Hélène Paradis is particularly interested in the molecular
processes linking developmental biology to cancer. She and her colleague,
Dr. Robert Gendron, have identified a novel regulatory type factor,
tubedown-1, present at high level during fetal development in tissues
such as bone, blood and blood vessels. After birth, the detection
of this factor is not observable in most tissues, explained Dr.
Paradis. But we have discovered that it is also present at high
levels in pediatric bone tumours and in some neuroblastomas. Treatment
of these cancers is difficult and can require highly toxic therapy that
can predispose these children to secondary cancers later in life.
Drs. Paradis and Gendron have determined that tubedown-1 is important
for the growth of experimental Ewings sarcoma, a type of bone
cancer. We hope that research into natural molecules such as tubedown-1,
that control the growth of cancers, can one day be used to design less
toxic treatments, she said. Dr. Paradis work in the role
of tybedown-1 in pediatric tumours is funded by the Childrens Oncology
Group through a grant from the National Cancer Institute of the National
Institutes of Health.
Born in Montreal, Dr. Paradis earned her PhD at the University of Montreal
in molecular biology and did a postdoctoral fellowship at the Dana-Farber
Cancer Institute in Boston. She then accepted a faculty position at
the University of Cincinnati, where she worked for the last several
years developing her current research projects.
Basic Medical Sciences
Faculty of Medicine
Dr. Gendrons research has concentrated on molecules involved in
controlling blood vessel growth and differentiation. Blood vessels are
central to the growth of tumors and to the progression of a range of
diseases they support diseased tissues through a process called
angiogenesis. By studying the molecules involved in controlling blood
vessel growth, he aims to target this process in diseased tissues.
Through a number of collaborations, Dr. Gendron and his colleague, Dr.
Hélène Paradis, have focused some of their work on studies
of angiogenesis in the normal, developing and diseased eye in order
to learn more about the regulation of blood vessels in health and disease
in general. When blood vessels grow uncontrolled in the relatively closed
environment of the eye, they can result in blindness. The identification
of the novel protein tubedown-1, involved in the control of growth and
differentiation of blood vessels, by Drs. Gendron and Paradis, has applications
to a range of eye diseases including diabetic retinopathy. The two researchers
have been funded by the National Eye Institute of the National Institutes
of Health for their work on the role of tubedown-1 in retinal angiogenesis.
Born in Montreal, Robert Gendron did his B.Sc. at Concordia and McGill,
and his PhD in physiology at McGill. Supported by a Medical Research
Council of Canada fellowship, he continued his training at the Dana-Farber
Cancer Institute in Boston in cell differentiation during embryogenesis
and cancer biology. Dr. Gendron then took a faculty position at Childrens
Hospital Research Foundation and University of Cincinnati College of
Medicine in Ohio.
Department of History
Faculty of Arts
Dr. Harts research finds its focal point in Irish history. As
a history professor and researcher, he has studied how the IRA, religious
segregation, and British Intelligence affect the lives of individuals,
as well as a nation. His particular interest lies in recent Irish history,
as it lends itself to research techniques, such as personal interviews,
that facilitate the gathering of primary sources. Upcoming conferences
in Italy and Ireland will provide research opportunities in civil war
and terrorism, as well as in Irish Republicanism, respectively. By studying
and writing about the recent history of various Irish groups, Dr. Hart
hopes to bring the stories of real people to an international audience.
Dr. Hart has dedicated much of his career to the research of recent
Irish history. As a PhD candidate at Trinity College in Dublin, he researched,
interviewed, and collected vast amounts of information on members of
the IRA, leading to the 1988 publication The IRA and its Enemies. Funded
by the Institute for Social and Economic Research, Dr. Hart also spent
a great deal of time in Ireland, speaking with elderly Protestants about
their experiences as a small, yet distinct, minority in their country.
Over the last decade, Michael Collins, a powerful Irish leader, has
been of particular interest to the historical researcher, who has written
a book on the subject, slated for release in late 2002. Dr. Harts
most recent publication, British Intelligence in Ireland, will be published
within the next few months.
Born in St. Johns, Peter Hart studied for one year at Memorial
University of Newfoundland, eventually graduating with a BA (Hons.)
in history from Queens University, a MA in International Relations
from Yale, and a PhD in history from Trinity College, Dublin. Dr. Hart
then accepted a five-year teaching and research position at Queens
University in Belfast, followed by his recent appointment as a Canada
Research Chair in Irish studies and an associate professor and graduate
supervisor in Memorial University of Newfoundlands history department.
Dev Raj Mishra
Assistant professor, finance
Faculty of Business
Dr. Mishras research focuses on international corporate finance,
corporate risk management, market microstructure, and emerging markets.
In August 2001, he completed his dissertation entitled Essays on International
Corporate Finance. I have a keen interest in understanding how
the value of a firm is created and protected, he said. Dr. Mishra
is currently working on research related to stocks and derivatives,
including topics such as implied world equity risk premium, Canadian
perspective on foreign exchange derivatives use and firm characteristics,
and the liquidity effects of addition to and deletion from the TSE 300.
Dr. Mishra taught in Nepal and the United States before joining the
faculty at Memorial. His course list includes international corporate
finance, advanced corporate finance, corporate risk management, derivatives,
and capital budgeting. I enjoy searching for the finance-related
knowledge and research thats out there, and disseminating it to
students who ultimately will be able to apply it and benefit from it.
Dr. Mishra completed a BBA at Tribhuvan University in Nepal. He also
completed a masters degree in business, focusing on marketing,
at Tribhuvan. In 1998, Dr. Mishra earned an MBA in finance from Indiana
University and went on to pursue his doctorate in finance at the University
Department of Anthropology
Faculty of Arts
Main research interests:
Dr. Whitakers research often concentrates on political conflict,
political transitions, and the politics of representation, and her current
research on the politics of Northern Ireland addresses emerging debates
concerning the anthropology of democracy and gender. Regardless of topic,
Dr. Whitakers research is always informed by a feminist theoretical
perspective. Future research may focus on what Dr. Whitaker refers to
as the Newfoundland migrant labour force in Ireland, particularly as
students and youth in Newfoundland travel to Ireland to work.
Supported by a SSHRC Doctoral Fellowship, ISER Research Grants and the
IFUW Ida Smedley MacLean Fellowship (among others), Dr. Whitaker pursued
fieldwork in Northern Ireland towards her dissertation, Talking Politics:
Gender and Political Culture in the Northern Ireland Peace Process.
While in Northern Ireland, Dr. Whitaker became involved in local politics,
extending her stay and becoming active in the Northern Ireland Womens
Coalition, one of 10 political parties elected to participate in peace
talks. Her five years in Northern Ireland concluded in 2001 with the
completion of her dissertation, and her appointment to Memorial University
of Newfoundland as assistant professor in the Department of Anthropology.
Dr. Whitaker hails from Portugal Cove, and completed her BA at Memorial
University of Newfoundland with a major in anthropology and a minor
in womens studies. She continued her anthropology studies with
an MA from York University, and at the University of California, Santa
Cruz, where she was awarded her doctorate in 2001.
Faculty of Engineering
and Applied Science
With the increased application of artificial intelligence in computer-controlled
devices, intelligent systems have emerged as a new form of technology
that can be used for operating devices in environments where it may
not be safe or feasible for people to work efficiently. Intelligent
systems are those that emulate the human ability to perceive, reason,
make decisions, and act. There are many subsystems involved in the study
of intelligent systems, such as machine vision, intelligent control,
robotic systems, automation and many more. Dr. George Manns research
focuses on intelligent control. His work attempts to understand and
model the complex environment in which intelligent systems operate,
and by understanding this environment, design an intelligent system
that can function optimally within it. Dr. Mann is also appointed as
the C-CORE Junior Chair in Intelligent Systems and will work with Dr.
Ray Gosine on projects for the industrial sector.
Dr. George Mann began as a lecturer in mechanical engineering at the
University of Moratuwa in Sri Lanka. While completing his PhD in mechanical
engineering (intelligent control systems) at Memorial University, he
had the opportunity to work as a research engineer at C-CORE. During
this time he worked on intelligent systems research for mining automation
projects. These projects aimed at developing vision systems to make
decisions autonomously to improve the production in underground mining.
Born in Sri Lanka, Dr. Mann received a B.Sc. (Hons.) in mechanical engineering
from the University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka, and then went on to complete
a M.Sc. in computer integrated manufacture from Loughborough University
of Technology, United Kingdom. After teaching for a number of years
at the University of Moratuwa, Dr. Mann completed a PhD in mechanical
engineering (intelligent control) at Memorial University, followed by
an NSERC postdoctoral fellow at Queens University working on intelligent
control of parallel robots.