St. Catherines is located at the mouth of the Salmonier River and nestled deep in Salmonier Arm, St. Mary's Bay. According to oral history, the first families (the Walshes, Ryans, Powers, and Hurleys) arrived in the mid-1800s in pursuit of the rich area resources. Although the Salmonier River is one of the most productive salmon rivers on the Avalon Peninsula, most settlers worked in the forestry industry. In the late 1800s, a pine tree nursery was the primary means of employment. Today, many still work in this field and are employed by the federal and provincial departments of wildlife and forestry.
While visiting the community in 1951, Leach collected songs from Mrs. Ryan.Other Newfoundland Communities: