UPCD Tier 2 Project
funded by the Government of Canada through the
Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)
and operated by
Finalist for The Bill McWhinney Award of Excellence in International Development (in 2004)
Canada: Memorial University
Prof. Purnima Sen
Dr. Maureen Laryea Ms. Vu T. Duong
Prof. Judith Blakeley
Secondary Technical Medical School 1 (STMS1) - THKTYT1
Dr. Hoang Dr. Phan, Co-Director
Dr. Vu D. Chinh, Co-Director (2000- 2002)
Dr. Pham N. Lan
In-kind contributions: $430,966
This project aims to train primary health care workers for rural Vietnam and to enhance the capacity of the Vietnamese Secondary Technical Medical School 1 so that it will continue to train workers when the project finishes. The STMS1 is a recognized rural training centre, operated by the Vietnamese Ministry of Health, which trains health care professionals for rural North Vietnam. The Memorial University of Newfoundland's School of Nursing will provide current knowledge of primary health care, community health, and teaching methodologies based on its experience in working with nurses in the ports of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Socio-political factors have adversely affected Vietnam's progress for several decades. People's health in VN has suffered as a result as has the economy. VN recognizes health as a precondition for the country's total development and has identified PHC as the cornerstone for improving health (80% of the population live in rural areas). Consequently, the VN government's national health policy is currently focusing on consolidating the strengthening the PHC network.
The project incorporates a model of training the PHCWs which was successfully pilot tested by the STMS1 (1991-95). It involved voluntary workers whose commitment may not be long-lasting. To enable STMS1 to produce a stable, better qualified and sustainable workforce in PHC, the school needs new knowledge in preventative health care and health promotion.
MUN's School of Nursing has the ability to train health care professionals to serve the rural and remote areas. It will be applying its recent experience and knowledge gained from developing PHC in Newfoundland which emphasizes health promotion and community-based care.
The goal of this project is to strengthen the existing network of primary healthcare by improving both the quality and quantity of PHC workers in order to improve the health of populations living in rural areas.
This project enhances the understanding of the
interaction between the environment (physical, emotional, social,
cultural, economic) and health and encourages interventions to
maintain an environment conductive to health. In Vietnam,
contaminated water and inadequate sewage disposals have been
associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Educating the
public in good hygiene and sanitation may not be adequate without
clean water and a good drainage system. For this reason, a civil
engineer will advise the project on this important aspect of
improving the environment. This interdisciplinary approach is one of
the key factors for successful dealing with complex issues such as
environment and health. Other aspects of the environment such as
garbage/waste disposal, air/noise pollution, and their roles in
health will also be addressed.
This project facilitates, directly and indirectly, women's advancement in both VN and Canada by improving their education and employment opportunities, which in turn reduces poverty and simultaneously improves health services for VN rural women. Improvements in women's advancement, health, education and employment are mutually reinforcing. It is the key to improve family well-being.
Women will benefit in several ways: women and children will be primary beneficiaries as recipients of the services of trained PHCWs; the trainees include nurses and midwives who are mostly women who will gain more knowledge and skills in PHC. Women play key roles in decision-making, planning, management, training and evaluation of the project.