4: GENERAL HISTORY

    4.1 Documents
    4.2 Memoirs and accounts of insiders
    4.3 Historical works
    4.4 Studies of actors
    4.5 Europe after Maastricht
    4.6 The 1996-97 IGC
    4.7 Europe after Amsterdam
    4.8 The 2000 IGC
    4.9 Europe after Nice
    4.10 The 'European Convention' and the 2004 IGC

4.1 Documents

ACTION COMMITTEE FOR THE UNITED STATES OF EUROPE. Recueil des communiqués et déclarations du Comité d'action pour les États-Unis d'Europe, 1955-1965.
Lausanne: Centre de recherches européennes, 1965.

----------. Resolutions adopted by the committee whose member political parties have agreed to submit them for approval by their respective parliaments; thirteenth session, 15 June 1967.
Brussels, 1967.

----------. Statements and declarations of the Action Committee for the United States of Europe, 1955-67. London: Chatham House and PEP, Joint European Series No. 9, 1969.

----------. Fédération des États-Unis, Confédération suisse, Fédération allemande, Communiauté européenne. Rapports présentés au Comité d'action pour les États-Unis d'Europe. Robert R. Bowie et al. Avant-propos de Jean Monnet. Lausanne: Centre de recherches européennes, 1972.

ELISHA, Achille (dir.). Aristide Briand: discours et écrits de politique étrangère: la paix, l'union européenne, la Société des Nations. Paris: Plon, 1965.

GERBET, Pierre, Françoise DE LA SERRE et Gérard NAFILYAN (dir.). L'union politique de l'Europe: jalons et textes. Paris: La Documentation française, 1998.

HARRYVAN, Anjo G. and J. VAN DER HARST (eds.). Documents on European Union. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997.

LIPGENS, Walter. (ed.). Documents on the history of European integration. 4 vols. New York: De Gruyter, 1985-1991.

  • 1. Continental plans for European Union 1939-1945
  • 2. Plans for European Union in Great Britain and in exile 1939-1945
  • 3. The struggle for European Union by political parties and pressure groups in Western European countries 1945-1950
  • 4. Transnational organizations of political parties and pressure groups in the struggle for European Union 1945-1950
  • ----------. Sources for the history of European integration (1945-1955): a guide to archives in the countries of the community / Sources de l'histoire de l'integration Européenne (1945-1955): guide des archives conservées dans les pays de la communauté. Boston: Sijthoff, 1980.

    PISANI, Edgard et al. Problems of British entry into the E.E.C.: reports to the Action Committee for the United States of Europe. London: Chatham House and PEP, 1969. In French: Problèmes soulevés par l'entrée de la Grande-Bretagne dans la Communauté économique européenne; rapports présentés au Comité d'action pour les États-Unis d'Europe. Lausanne: Centre de recherches eurpéennes, 1969.

    Pour une communauté politique européenne. Travaux prèparatoires. 2 vols. Bruxelles: Bruylant, 1984-1987.

    RANSOME, Patrick (ed.). Studies in federal planning. London, Macmillan, 1943.

    SALMON, Trevor and William NICOLL (eds.). Building European Union: a documentary history and analysis. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1997.

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    4.2 Memoirs and account of insiders

    ACHESON, Dean. Sketches from life of men I have known. New York: Harper, 1961; Westport: Greenwood Press, 1974.

    ----------. Present at the creation: my years in the State Department. New York: Norton, 1969.

    ----------. The struggle for a free Europe. New York, Norton, 1971.

    ADENAUER, Konrad. Memoirs, 1945-1953. London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 1966.

    ALEXANDRE, Philippe et Jacques DELORS. En sortir ou pas. Paris: Grasset, 1985.

    ATTLEE, Clement R. As it happened. New York: Viking Press, 1954.

    BALL, George W. The past has another pattern: memoirs. New York: Norton, 1982.

    BERARD, A. Cinq année au Palais Farnese. Un ambassadeur se souvient 1962-1967, Paris: Plon, 1982.

    BENN, Tony. Out of the wolderness: diaries, 1963-67. London: Hutchinson, 1987.

    ----------. Office without power; diaries, 1968-72. London: Hutchison, 1988.

    ----------. The end of an era: diaries, 1980-90. London: Hutchinson, 1992.

    ----------. Years of hope: diaries, letters, and papers, 1940-1962. London: Hutchinson, 1994.

    BRANDT, Willy. People and politics: the years 1960-1975. Boston: Little Brown, 1978.

    BRUGMANS, Henry. L'Europe prend le large. Liège: G. Thone, 1961.

    ----------. Vingt ans d'Europe: témoignages, 1946-1966; discours et articles réunis à l'occasion du soixantième anniversaire de l'auteur: Henri Brugmans. Bruges, De Tempel, 1966.

    ----------. L'Europe des nations. Paris: Librairie générale de droit et de jurisprudence, 1970.

    ----------. L'Europe vécue. Paris: Casterman, 1979.

    ---------- et al. L'Europe au-delà de l'économie. Conférences du congrès de l'Union européenne, Lausanne, 19-20 novembre 1960. Neuchâtel : Editions de La Baconnière, 1961.

    CALLAGHAN, James. Time and chance. London: Collins, 1987.

    "Choses vues d'Europe... Entretien avec Pascal Lamy." Esprit (1991).

    CONNOLLY, Bernard. The rotten heart of Europe: the dirty war for Europe's money. London: Faber & Faber, 1995.

    COUDENHOVE-KALERGI, Richard N. Crusade for Pan-Europe: autobiography of a man and a movement. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1943.

    COUVE DE MURVILLE, Maurice. Une politique etrangère, 1958-1969. Paris: Plon, 1971.

    DAVIGNON, Etienne. "Renforcement de la Communauté Européenne: le rôle de la Commission." Studia Diplomatica 32, 5 (1979).

    DEHAENE, Jean-Luc. "L'Europe remise sur les rails." Studia Diplomatica 47, 2 (1994) 3-15.

    DE GAULLE, Charles. Mémoires de guerre. Paris: Plon, 1954, 1989.

    DE GAULLE, C. Mémoires d'espoir. Paris: Plon, 1970.

    DELORS, Jacques. Changer (conversations avec Claude Glayman). Paris: Stock, 1975.

    DELORS, J. The Single Act and Europe: a moment of truth. Luxembourg: European University Institute, 1986.

    DELORS, J. Le nouveau concert européen. Paris: Editions Odile Jacob, 1992.

    DELORS, J. Our Europe: the community and national development. London: Verso, 1992.

    DELORS, J. La construction européenne: un défi d'aujourd'hui / Building Europe: a challenge for today. Wien: Bruno Kreisky Forum f. Internat. Dialog, 1994.

    DELORS, J. Combats pour l'Europe. Paris: Economica, 1996.

    DELORS, J. Mémoires, Paris: Plon, 2004.

    DE SILGUY, Yves-Thibault. Le syndrome du diplodocus: un nouveau souffle pour l'Europe. Paris: A. Michel, 1996.

    DE SILGUY, Y-T. L'économie, fil d'Ariane de l'Europe. Paris: Presses de Sciences Po, 2000.

    DUCHATEAU, Pierre. Mon aventure européenne: images et souvenirs, Bruxelles: Peter Lang, 2011.

    DULLES, Allen. W. The Marshall Plan. Providence: Berg, 1993.

    EISENHOWER, D. D. Waging Peace: the White House years 1956-61, Garden City: Doubleday, 1965.

    FROMENT-MEURICE, Henri. Vu du Quai. Mémoires 1945-1983. Paris: Fayrad, 1998.

    GUIGOU, Elisabeth. Pour les Européens. Paris: Flammarion, 1994.

    HALLSTEIN, Walter. United Europe; challenge and opportunity. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1962.

    ----------. "The European Community and Atlantic Partnership." International Organization 17, 3 (1963): 771-786.

    ----------. "The European Economic Community" Political Science Quarterly 78, 2 (June 1963): 161-182.

    ----------. Europe in the making. London: Allen and Unwin, 1972.

    IONESCU, Ghita. "Speaking Notes with Emile Noel on the adminsitration of Europe." Government and Opposition 17, 1 (Winter 1982).

    JENKINS, Roy. European Diary: 1977-1981. London: Collins, 1989.

    -----------. A life at the centre. London: Macmillan, 1991.

    KISSINGER, Henry. The troubled partnership: a re-appraisal of the Atlantic Alliance. New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 1965; Westport: Greenwood Press, 1982.

    ----------. White House years. Boston: Little Brown, 1979.

    ----------. Years of upheaval. Boston: Little Brown, 1982.

    ----------. Years of renewal. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1999.

    ----------. Diplomacy, New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994.

    ----------. Does America need a foreign policy? Towards diplomacy for the 21st century, New York: Simon and Schuster, 2001.

    LEMAIGNEN, R. L'Europe au berceau: souvenirs d'un technocrate. Paris: Plon, 1964.

    LEPRETTE, Jacques. Une clef pour l'Europe. Bruxelles: Bruylant, 1994.

    MacMILLAN, Harold. Tides of Fortune 1945-1955, London: Macmillan, 1969.

    MAJOR, John. The autobiography, London: HarperCollins, 1999.

    MARJOLIN, Robert. Le travail d'une vie: mémoires 1911-1986. Paris: R. Laffont, 1986; In English: Architect of European unity: memoirs, 1911-1986. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1989

    MARJOLIN, R. Europe in search of its identity. New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 1981.

    MASSIGLI, R. Une comedie des erreurs 1943-1956. Souvenirs et réflexions sur une étape de la construction européenne, Paris, 1978.

    MITTERAND, François. Reflexions sur la politique étrangère. Paris: Fayard, 1986.

    MONNET, Jean. Les États-Unis d'Europe ont commencé; la Communauté européenne du charbon et de l'acier, discours et allocutions, 1952-1954. Paris, R. Laffont, 1955.

    ----------. Mémoires. Paris: Fayard, 1976 ; In English: Memoirs. London: Collins, 1978.

    ---------- et Robert SCHUMAN. Correspondance 1947-1953. Lausanne: Fondation Jean Monnet pour l'Europe, Centre de recherches européennes, 1986.

    OLIVI, Bino. L'Europe difficile. Paris: Gallimard, 1998.

    OWEN, David. Balkan Odyssey, New York: Harcourt Brace, 1995.

    SCHUMAN. Robert. Pour l'Europe, Paris: Nagel, 1963.

    SPAAK, Paul Henry, Combats inachevés, Paris: Fayard, 1969. In english: The continuing battle: memoirs of a European, 1936-1966. Boston: Little Brown, 1971.

    ----------. "Hold Fast." Foreign Affairs 41, 4 (1963).

    SPINELLI, Altiero. The Eurocrats: conflict and crisis in the European community. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1966.

    ----------. The European adventure: tasks for the enlarged community. London: C. Knight, 1972.

    ----------. Towards the European Union. Florence: European University Institut, 1983.

    ----------. Diario Europeo: 1948-1969. Bologna: Il Mulino, 1989, 1992.

    THATCHER, Margaret. The revival of Britain: speeches on home and European affairs, 1975-1988. London: Aurum Press, 1989

    ----------. The Downing Street years. New York: HarperCollins, 1993.

    ----------. The path to power. London: HarperCollins, 1995.

    TUGENDHAT, Christopher. Conservatives in Europe: a personal view. London: Conservative Political Centre, 1979.

    ----------. Making sense of Europe. Harmondsworth: Viking, 1986.

    ----------. "How to get Europe moving again?" International Affairs 61 (Winter 1990).

    WILSON, Harold Sir. A Prime Minister on Prime Ministers. New York: Summit Books, 1977.

    -----------. Memoirs: the making of a Prime Minister, 1916-1964. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1986.

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    4.3 Historical works

    ALBONETTI, Achille. "The new Europe and the West." Daedalus 93, 1 (1964): 6-42.

    ALLAIS, Maurice. L'Europe unie, route de la prospérité. Paris, Calmann-Lévy, 1960.

    ALLAIS, M. L'Europe face à son avenir: que faire? Paris: R. Laffont, 1991.

    ALLAIS, M. Erreurs et impasses de la construction européenne. Paris: C. Juglar, 1992.

    ALTING VON GEUSAU, Frans (ed.). From nine to twelve: Europe's destiny? Germantown: Sijthoff & Noordhoff, 1980.

    ANDERSON, Perry and Peter GOWAN (eds.), The question of Europe, London: Verso, 1997.

    ANTA, Caludio Giulio. Les pères de l'Europe, Bruxelles: Peter Lang, 2007.

    ARCHER, Clive. Organizing Western Europe. London: E. Arnold, 1990.

    ARCHER, C. Organizing Europe: the institutions of integration. 2nd ed. London: E. Arnold, 1994.

    ARCHER, C. The European Union: structure and process, 3rd edition, New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000

    ARCHER, C. and Fiona BUTLER. The European Community: structure and process. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1992.

    ARCHER, C. and F. BUTLER. The European Union: structure and process. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996.

    ARCIDIACONO, B., K. MILZOW, A. MARION, P.-E. BOURNEUF (eds.). Europe twenty years after the end of the Cold War: the new Europe, new Europes?, Bruxelles: Peter Lang, 2012.

    ARMSTRONG, David, Lorna LLOYD and John REDMOND. From Versailles to Maastricht. international organisation in the twentieth century. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996.

    ARON, Raymond. Plaidoyer pour l'Europe décadente. Paris: R. Laffont, 1977. English version: In defense of decadent Europe. Lanham: University Press of America, 1979, 1984; New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 1996.

    BADEL, Laurence and N. Oiers LUDLOW (eds.). Les administrations nationales et la construction européenne. Une approche historique (1919-1975), Bern: Peter lang, 2005.

    BEACH, Derek and Colette MAZZUCELLI (eds.). Leadership in the big bangs of European integration, Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2007.

    BECKER, Josef and Franz KNIPPING (eds.). Power in Europe? Great Britain, France, Italy, and Germany in a postwar world, 1945-1950. New York: W. de Gruyter, 1986.

    BELOFF, Max. The United States and the unity of Europe. New York: Vintage Books, 1963.

    BERGLUND, Sten, Joakim EKMAN, Henri VOGT and Frank AAREBROT. The Making of the European UNion. Foundations, institutions and future trends, Northampton: E. Elgar, 2006.

    BITSCH, Marie-Thérèse. Histoire de la construction européenne de 1945 à nos jours. Bruxelles: Editions Complexe, 1996.

    BLACKSELL, Mark. Post-war Europe: a political geography. Folkestone: Dawson, 1977; London : Hutchinson, 1981.

    BLOES, Robert. Le "Plan Fouchet" et le problème de l'Europe politique. Bruges: College d'Europe, 1970.

    BOK, Derek. The first three years of the Schuman Plan, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1955.

    BONVICINI, Gianni. "A mismanaged Community." International Journal 36, 4 (1981): 815-826.

    BOOKER, Christopher and Richard NORTH. The Great Deception: Can the European Union Survive?, London: Continuum, 2005.

    BOSCO, Andrea. Federal Union and the origins of the 'Churchill proposal': the federalist debate in the United Kingdom from Munich to the fall of France, 1938-1940. London: Lothian Foundation Press, 1992.

    BOYD, Andrew K. H. Western Union: a study of the trend toward European unity. Washington: Public Affairs Press, 1949. \

    BOZO, F., M.-P. REY, P. LUDLOW and B. ROTHER (eds.). Visions of the end of the Cold War in Europe, 1945-1990, New York: Berghahn, 2012.

    BRUGMANS, Henri. L'idée Européenne: 1920-1970. Bruges: De Tempel, 1970.

    BRUNETEAU, Bernard. Histoire de l'unification européenne. Paris: Armand Colin, 1996.

    CALLEO, David. Europe's future: the grand alternatives. New York: Horizon Press, 1965.

    CAMPS, Miriam. The European Common Market and Free Trade Area. Princeton: Center for International Studies, Princeton University, 1957.

    CAMPS, M. The first year of the European Economic Community. Princeton: Center of International Studies, Princeton University, 1958.

    CAMPS, M. The free trade area negotiations. Princeton: Center of International Studies, Princeton University, 1959.

    CAMPS, M. Division in Europe. Princeton: Center of International Studies, Princeton University, 1960.

    CAMPS, M. What kind of Europe? The Community since De Gaulle's veto. New York: Oxford University Press, 1965.

    CAMPS, M. European unification in the sixties: from the veto to the crisis. New York: McGraw Hill, 1966.

    CAMPS, M. "Is Europe obsolete?" International Affairs 44, 3 (1968): 434-445.

    CAMPS, M. "European unification in the Seventies." International Affairs 47, 4 (1971): 671-678.

    CARTER, W. Horsfall. "A hard look at the Community." International Affairs 46, 2 (1970): 280-292.

    COLLINS, Doreen. The European Coal and Steel Community, 1951-70. London: M. Robertson, 1975.

    COLLINS, D. The European Community, 1958-1972. London: M. Robertson, 1975.

    CHRISTOPHE-TCHAKALOFF, Marie-France. Les Grandes étapes de l'organisation de l'Europe. Paris: PUF, 1999.

    COSGROVE TWITCHETT Carol and Kenneth J. TWITCHETT (eds.). Building Europe: Britain's partners in the EEC. London: Europa Publications, 1981.

    DEDMAN, Martin J. The origins and developments of the European Union, 1945-2008. A History of European integration. 2nd edition, London: Routledge, 2009

    DEIGHTON, Anne (ed.). Building postwar Europe: national decision-makers and European institutions, 1948-63. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1995.

    DEIGHTON, Anne and Alan S. MILWARD (eds.). Widening, deepening and acceleration: the European Economic Community 1957-1963. Baden-Baden: Nomos, 1999.

    DENIAU, Jean-François. L'Europe interdite. Paris: Seuil, 1977.

    DENIAU, J.-F. La Découverte de l'Europe. Paris: Seuil, 1994.

    DESBAZEILLE, Michèle Madonna (dir). L'Europe, naissance d'une utopie? Genèse de l'idèe d'Europe du XVIe au XIXe siècle, Paris: L'Harmattan, 1996.

    DEVAUX, Sandrine, René LEBOUTTE et Philippe POIRIER (eds.) Le Traité de Rome: histoires pluridisciplinaires, Bern: Peter Lang, 2009.

    DEVUYST, Youri. The European Union Transformed. Community Method and Institutional Evolution from the Schuman Plan to the Constitution for Europe, Bruxelles: Peter Lang, 2005.

    DIEBOLD, William Jr. "Imponderables of the Schuman Plan." Foreign Affairs 29, 1 (1950): 114-129.

    DIEBOLO, W. Trade and payments in Western Europe; a study in economic cooperation, 1947-51. New York: Harper, 1952.

    DIEBOLO, W. The Schuman plan: a study in economic cooperation 1950-1959. New York: Praeger, 1959.

    DINAN, Desmond. Europe Recast: a history of European Union Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2004.

    DINAN, Desmond (ed). Origins and evolution of the EU, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.

    DI NOLFO, Ennio (ed). Power in Europe? II: Great Britain, France, Germany and Italy, and the origins of the EEC, 1952-1957. Berlin: W. de Gruyter, 1992.

    DUMOULIN, Michel (ed.). Plans des temps de guerre pour l'Europe d'après guerre -- Wartime Plans for postwar Europe 1940-1947. Bruxelles: Bruylant, 1995.

    DUMOULIN, M. et Y. STELANDRE. L'idée européenne dans l'entre-deux guerres 1919-1939: recueil de textes et documents. Bruxelles: Bruylant, 1992.

    DUMOULIN, M. et Anne-Myriam DUTRIEUE. La ligue européenne de coopération économique (1946-1981): un groupe d'étude et de pression dans la construction européenne 1946-1981. Berne : peter Lang, 1993.

    DUMOULIN, M., René GIRAULT et Gilbert TRAUSCH (dir.). L'Europe du patronat. De la guerre froide aux années 60. Berne: Peter Lang, 1993.

    DUMOULIN, M. et G. TRAUSCH (dir.). "L'historiographie des constructions européennes. Actes du colloque de Louvain-la Neuve des 11 et 12 septembre 1991." Lettre d'information des historiens de l'Europe contemporaine 7, 1-2 (juine 1992).

    DUMOULIN, M. et GROSBOIS, Thierry. L'idée européenne en temps de guerre, 1940-1944 dans le Benelux, Louvain-La Neuve: Editions Academia-Bruylant, 1995.

    DU REAU, E. (ed). Europe des élites? Europe des peuples? La construction de l'éspace européen, Paris: Presses de la Sorbonne nouvelle, 1998.

    DUROSELLE, Jean-Baptiste. L'idée d'Europe dans l'histoire. Paris: Denoël, 1965.

    EDWARDS, Geoffrey and Georg WIESSALA (eds.). European Union annual review of activities 1997. London: Blackell, 1998.

    EDWARDS, G. and G. WIESSALA (eds.). The European Union: Annual Review 1998/1999. Oxford: Blackwell, 2000.

    EDWARDS, G. and G. WIESSALA (eds)., The European Union: Annual Review 1999/2000. Oxford: Blackwell, 2000.

    ELLWOOD, David W. Rebuilding Europe: Western Europe, America and postwar reconstruction. London: Longman, 1992.

    ERLER, Fritz. "The reunification of Europe." World Politics 10, 4 (1958): 366-377.

    ESPOSITO, Chiarella. America's feeble weapon. Funding the Marshall Plan in France and Italy, 1948-1950. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1994.

    FIELDER, Nicola. Western European integration in the 1980s: the origins of the single market. New York: Peter Lange, 1997.

    FOLEY, Bernard. European Economies since World War II. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998.

    FONTAINE, Pascal. Une course sans retour. Lausanne: Centre de recherches européennes, 1981.

    FRANK, Robert, Hartmut KAELBLE, Marie-Francoise LEVY and Luisa PASSERINI (eds). Building a European public sphere. From 1950 to teh present, Bruxelles: Peter Lang, 2010.

    FRIEDMANN, W. "The European Coal and Steel Community." International Journal 10, 1 (1955): 12-25.

    FRIES, Fabrice. Les grands débats européens. Paris: Seuil, 1995.

    FULBROOK, Mary. Europe Since 1945, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

    FURSDON, Edward. The European Defence Community: a history. New York: St. Martin Press, 1980.

    GALTUNG, Johan. Europe in the making. New York: Crane Russack, 1989.

    GALTUNG, J. (ed.). Co-operation in Europe. New York: Humanities Press, 1970.

    GASTEYGER, Curt. "Europe's future challenges." International Journal 24, 2 (1969): 277-288.

    GAZZO, Marina (ed.). Towards European Union: from the 'Crocodile' to the European Council in Milan. 2 vols. Brussels: Agence Europe, 1985 and 1986.

    GEREMEK, Bronislaw. The common roots of Europe. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1995.

    GERBET, Pierre. La genèse du plan Schuman: des origines à la déclaration du 9 mai 1950. Lausanne: Centre de recherches européennes, École des H.E.C., Université de Lausanne, 1962.

    GERBET, P. La construction de l'Europe. Paris: Imprimerie nationale, 1999.

    GIAQUE, Jeffrey G. Grand design and visions of unity: the Atlantic powers and the reorganization of Western Europe, 1955-1963., Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.

    GILBERT, Mark F. Surpassing Realism: The Politics of European Integration since 1945. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003.

    GILLINGHAM, John R. Coal, steel and the rebirth of Europe, 1945-1955: the Germans and French from Ruhr conflict to economic community. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

    GILLINGHAM, J.R. The European Integration, 1950-2003: Superstate or New Market Economy?. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

    GIMBEL, John. The origins of the Marshall Plan. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1976.

    GIRAULT René (dir.). Identité et conscience européennes au XXe siècle. Paris: Hachette, 1994.

    GIRAULT, R. et Gérard BOSSUAT (dir.). L'Europe des européens. Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 1993.

    GIRAULT, R. et G. BOSSUAT (dir.). Europe brisée - Europe retrouvée. Nouvelles réflexions sur l'unité européenne au XXe siècle. Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 1994.

    GORDON, Colin. "Plus ça change: the future of the European Community." International Organization 26, 4 (1972): 691-698.

    GRAUBARD, Stephen R. (ed.). A new Europe? Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1964.

    GRAUBARD, S. Eastern Europe-Central Europe-Europe. Boulder: Westview Press, 1991.

    GRAUBARD, S. A new Europe for the old? New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 1999.

    HAAS, Ernst B. "Persistent themes in Atlantic and European unity." World Politics 10, 4 (1958): 614-628.

    HAINES, Charles Grove (ed.). European integration. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1957.

    HAMA, Noriko. Disintegrating Europe: the twilight of European construction. Westport: Praeger, 1996.

    HAMON, Dominique et Ivan Serge KELLER. Fondements et étapes de la construction européenne. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1997.

    HEATER, Derek B. The Idea of European Unity. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1992.

    HELLER, Francis and John GILLINGHAM (eds.). NATO: the founding of the Atlantic Alliance and the integration of Europe. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1992.

    HENDERSON, William. O. The genesis of the common market. Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1962.

    HENIG, Stanley. The uniting of Europe: from discord to concord. London: Routledge, 1997.

    HOFFMANN, Stanley. The European Sisyphus: essays on Europe, 1964-1994. Boulder: Westview Press, 1995.

    HOFFMANN, S. and Charles MAIER (eds.). The Marshall Plan: a retrospective. Boulder: Westview Press, 1984.

    HOGAN, Michael J. The Marshall Plan: America, Britain and the reconstruction of Western Europe, 1947-1952. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

    HU, Yao-su. Europe under stress: convergence and divergence in the European community. London: Butterworth, 1981.

    HURWITZ, Leon (ed.). Contemporary perspectives in European integration: attitudes, non-governmental behavior, collective decision-making. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1980.

    JO, Sam-Sang. European myths: resolving the crises in the European Community/European Union, Lanham: University Press of America, 2007.

    JUDT, Tony. Postwar: a history of Europe since 1945, London: Penguin, 2005.

    KAELBLE, Hartmut. The European way: European societies in the 19th and 20th centuries, New York: Berghahn, 2002.

    KAISER, Karl et al. European Community: progress or decline? London: RIIA, 1983.

    KAISER, Wolfram, Brigitte LEUCHT and Morten RASMUSSEN (eds.), The History of the European Union. Origins of a Trans- and Supranational Polity 1950-72, London: Routledge, 2008.

    KANTER, Arnold. "The European Defense Community in the French National Assembly", Comparative Politics, 2 (1970): 203-228.

    KEOHANE, R., J. NYE and S. HOFFMAN (eds). After the Cold War: International Institutions and State Strategies in Europe 1989-1991, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1993.

    KILLICK, John. The United States and European Reconstruction 1945-1960, Keele University Press, 1997.

    KITZINGER, Uwe. "Europe: the six and the seven." International Organization 14, 1 (1960): 20-36.

    KLAUSEN, Jytte and Louise A. Tilly (eds.). European Integration in social and historical perspective: 1850 to the present. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 1997.

    KOHNSTAMM, Max. "The European tide." Daedalus 93, 1 (1964): 83-108.

    KOVER, J.F. "The Integration of Western Europe." Political Science Quarterly 69, 3 (1954):

    KOTLOWSKI, D.J. ed. The European Union: from Jean Monnet to the Euro. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2000.

    KUNHARDT, Ludger (ed.). Crises in European Integration. Challenges and responses, 1945-2005, New York: Berghahn, 2008.

    LAQUEUR, Walter. Europe in our time. A history, 1945-1992, London: Penguin, 1993.

    LEWIS, David W. P. The road to Europe. History, institutions and prospects of European integration 1945-1993. New York: Peter Lang, 1993.

    LIBERA, Martial et Birte WASSENBERG (eds.) L'Europe au coeur: Études pour Marie-Thérèse Bitsch, Bern: Peter Lang, 2009.

    LIPGENS, Walter. History of European integration. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press, 1982 and 1986.

    LISTER, Louis. Europe's Coal and Steel Community: an experiment in economic union. New York: Twentieth Century Fund, 1960.

    LOTH, W. (ed). Crises and Compromises: the European project 1963-1969, Baden Baden, 2001.

    LOVETT, A. W. "The United States and the Schuman Plan: a study in French diplomacy 1950-1952" The Historical Journal 39, 2 (1966): 425-456.

    LUDLOW, N. P. (ed.). The European Community and the crises of the 1960s: negotiating the Gaullist challenge, London: Routledge, 2006.

    LUDLOW, N. P. (ed.). European Integration and the Cold War: Ostpolitk/Westpolitik, 1965-1973, London: Routledge, 2007.

    MAHAN, E. Kennedy, De Gaulle and Western Europe, Basingstoke:Palgrave, 2002.

    MAHANT, Edelgard. Birthmarks of Europe: the origins of the European Community reconsidered, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2004.

    McALLISTER, Richard. European Union: an historical and political survey. London: Routledge, 2009.

    MAIER, Charles S. (ed.). The Origins of the cold war and contemporary Europe. New York: New Viewpoints, 1978

    MAIER, C. (ed.). The Cold War in Europe: era of a divided continent. New York: Weiner, 1991; Princeton: Weiner, 1996.

    MAIER, C. (ed.). The Marshall Plan and Germany: West German development within the framework of the European Recovery Program. New York: Berg, 1991.

    MANGENOT, Michel et Sylvain SCHIRMANN (sous la direction de). Les institutions européennes font leur histoire. Regards croisés soixante ans après le traité de Paris, Bruxelles: Peter Lang, 2012.

    MARTIN, Stephen (ed.). The construction of Europe. Essays in honour of Emile Noël. Boston: Kluver Academic Publishers, 1994.

    MASSOULIÉ, François, G. GANTELET et D. GENTON. Faire l'Europe. Paris: Casterman, 1996.

    MAYNE, Richard J. The Community of Europe. New York: Norton, 1963.

    MAYNE, R. The recovery of Europe: from devastation to unity. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1970.

    MAYNE, R. The recovery of Europe, 1945-1973. Garden City: Anchor Press, 1973.

    MAYNE, R. Postwar: the dawn of today's Europe. New York: Schocken Books, 1983.

    MAYNE, R. (ed.), Europe tomorrow: sixteen Europeans look ahead. London: Fontana, 1972.

    MAYNE, R. and John PINDER, (with John C de V. ROBERTS). Federal Union: the pioneers. A history of federal union. Houndmills: Macmillan, 1990.

    MAZZUCELLI, Colette. France and Germany at Maastricht: politics and negotiations to create the European Union. New York: Garland Publ., 1997.

    MEADE, James E. Negotiations for Benelux: an annotated chronicle, 1943-1956. Princeton: Department of Economics and Sociology, Princeton University, 1957.

    MEUNIER, S. and K. McNAMARA (eds.) Making History. European Integration and Institutional Change at Fifty, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

    MEYER, Frederick V. The seven: a provisional appraisal of the European Free Trade Association. London: Barrie and Rockliff, 1960.

    MEYER, Frederick V. The European Free-Trade Association: an analysis of 'the outer seven.' New York, Praeger, 1960.

    MIDDLEMASS, Keith. Orchestrating Eyurope: the informal politics of the European Union, 1973-95. London: Fontana Press, 1995.

    MILWARD, Alan S. The reconstruction of Western Europe, 1945-51, London: Methuen, 1984.

    MILWARD, Alan S. The European rescue of the nation-state. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992; London: Routledge, 2000.

    MILWARD, Alan S. et al. The frontier of national sovereignty: history and theory, 1945-1992. London: Routledge, 1993.

    MOÏSI, Dominique et Jacques RUPNICK. Le nouveau continent: plaidoyer pour une Europe renaissante. Paris: Calmann Lévy, 1991.

    MORAVCSIK, Andrew. The choice for Europe: social purpose and state power from messina to Maastricht, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998.

    MOREAU DEFARGES, Philippe. Quel avenir pour quelle communauté? Paris : Institut français des relations internationales, 1986.

    MORGAN, Roger. West European politics since 1945: the shaping of the European Community. London: Batsford, 1972.

    MORIN, Edgar. Penser l'Europe. Paris: Gallimard, 1987.

    MOWATT Robert C. Creating the European Community. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1973.

    MURRAY, Philomena and Paul B. RICH (eds.). Visions of European unity. Boulder: Westview, 1996.

    NANES, Allen. "The evolution of Euratom." International Journal 13, 1 (1958): 12-20.

    NEAL, Larry and Daniel BARBEZAT. The economics of the European Union and the economies of Europe. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

    NEWHOUSE, John. "One Against Nine." The New Yorker Oct. 22, 1984: 64-92.

    NICHOLSON, Frances and Roger EAST. From the six to the twelve: the enlargement of the European communities. Chicago: St. James Press, 1987.

    NUGENT, Neill. The European Union 1993. Annual Review of Activities. Oxford: Blackwell, 1994.

    NUGENT, Neill. The European Union 1994. Annual Review of Activities. Oxford: Blackwell, 1995.

    NUGENT, Neill. The European Union 1995. Annual Review of Activities. Oxford: Blackwell, 1996.

    NUGENT, Neill. The European Union 1996. Annual Review of Activities. Oxford: Blackwell, 1997.

    OSMONT. Matthieu, E. ROBIN-HIVERT, K. SEIDEL, M. SPENCER and C. WENKEL (eds.). Europeanisation in the 20th century: the historical lens, Bruxelles: Peter Lang, 2012.

    ØRVIK, Nils and Charles PENTLAND (eds.). The European community at the crossroads: the first twenty-five years. Kingston: Centre for International Relations, Queen's University, 1983.

    PAGDEN, A. (ed.). The Idea of Europe: From Antiquity to the European Union, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

    PAKIER, Malgorzata and Bo STRATH (eds.) A European Memory. Contested histories and politics of remembrance, New York: Berghahn, 2010.

    PALAYRET, Jean-Marie, Helen WALLACE and Pascaline WINAND (eds.). Visions, votes and vetoes. The 'empty chair' crisis and the Luxembourg compromise forty years on, Brussels: Peter Lang, 2006.

    PELLING, Henry. Britain and the Marshall Plan. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1988.

    PERRIN, Michel (dir). L'idée de l'Europe au fil de deux millénaires, Centre d'histoire des idées, Université de Picardie Jules-Verne, Paris: Beauchesne, 1994.

    PERRON, Régine. Le marché du charbon, un enjeu entre l'Europe et les Etats-Unis de 1945 à 1958. Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 1996

    POLLARD, Sidney. European economic integration, 1815-1970. London: Thames and Hudson, 1974.

    POLLARD, Sidney. The integration of the European economy since 1815. London: Allen & Unwin, 1981.

    POIDEVIN, Raymond. "La politique extèrieure de la C.E.C.A.: Les relations avec les pays tiers." Revue d'histoire moderne et contemporaine 42, 4 (1995)

    POIDEVIN, Raymond (ed.). Origins of European integration: March 1948-May 1950/Histoire des débuts de la construction européenne, mars 1948-mai 1950. Bruxelles : Bruylant, 1986.

    POND, Elizabeth. The rebirth of Europe. Washington DC: The Brookings Institution, 1999.

    PRATE, Alain. Quelle Europe? Paris: Julliard 1991.

    PREDA, Daniela and Daniele PASQUINUCCI (eds). The road Europe travelled along. The evolution of the EEC/EU institutions and policies, Bruxelles: Peter Lang, 2010

    PRYCE, Roy (ed.). The dynamics of European Union. London: Croom Helm, 1987.

    REBOUD, Louis (dir.). L'achèvement du marché intèrieur européen, Bruxelles: ULB, 2e Éd., 1989

    ROBERTS, J. M. The Penguin History of Europe, London: Penguin, 2004.

    ROSEMAN, Mark. Recasting the Ruhr, 1945-1958: manpower, economic recovery, and labour relations. New York: Berg, 1992.

    SCHAIN, Martin (ed.). The Marshall plan: fifty years after, New York: Palgrave, 2001.

    SCHEINMANN, L. "Euratom: nuclear integration in Europe", International Conciliation, 563, 1967.

    SCHMITT, Hans A. The path to European Union, Baton Rouge: Lousiana State University Press, 1962.

    SCHNEIDER, Johannes W. (ed.) From nine to twelve: Europe's destiny? Germantown: Sijthoff & Noordhoff, 1980.

    SERRA, Enrico (ed.). The relaunching of Europe and the treaties of Rome. Baden-Baden: Nomos, 1989.

    SIDJANSKI, Dusan. L'avenir fédéraliste de l'Europe: La Communauté européenne des origines au traité de Maastricht. 2 éd, Paris: PUF, 1993. In English: The federal future of Europe: from the European Community to the European Union. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000.

    SIOTIS, Jean. "The Secretariat of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe and European economic integration: the first ten years." International Organization 19, 2 (1965): 177-202.

    SMITH, Michael L. and Peter M.R. STIRK (eds.). Making the new Europe: European unity and the second world war. London: Pinter, 1993.

    SOULIER, Gérard. L'Europe: histoire, civilisation, institutions. Paris: A. Colin, 1994.

    ----------- (dir.). Sur l'Europe à l'aube des années 80: études. Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 1980.

    SPERLING, M. and M. WINTLE (eds.). Ideas of Europe since 1914: The Legacy of the First World War. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2002

    SPIERENBURG, Dirk and Raymond POIDEVIN. The history of the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community: supranationality in action, London: Wedidenfeld and Nicholson, 1994.

    STIRK, Peter M.R. European unity in context: the interwar period. London: Pinter, 1989.

    STIRK, P.M.R. A history of European integration since 1914. New York: Pinter, 1996.

    STIRK, P.M.R. and David Willis (eds.). Shaping postwar Europe: European unity and disunity, 1945-1957. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991.

    STIRK, P.M.R. and David WEIGALL (eds.). The origins and development of European integration: a reader and commentary. London: Pinter, 1999.

    STIRK, P.ZM.R. and D. WEIGALL (eds.). The origins and development of the European Community, Leicester: Leicester University Pres, 1992.

    STORY, J. (ed.). The new Europe: politics, government and economy since 1945, Oxford: Blackwell, 1993.

    TEASDALE, A. "The life and death of the Luxembourg compromise", Journal of Common Market Studies, 31, 4 (1993): 567-579.

    THODY, Philip M. W. The European community. Bangor: Headstart History, 1993.

    THODY, Philip M. W. Historical introduction to the European Union. New York: Routledge, 1997.

    TIERSKY, Ronald (ed.) Euro-skepticism: a reader. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2001.

    TORBIORN, Kjell M. Destination Europe. The political and economic growth of a continent, Manchester: manchester University Press, 2003.

    TRACHTENBERG, Marc. A constructed peace: the making of the European settlement, 1945-1963, Princeton University Press, 1999.

    TSOUKALIS, Loukas (ed.). The European community: past, present and future. Oxford: Blackwell, 1983.

    TWITCHETT, Kenneth J. (ed.). European co-operation today. London: Europa Publications, 1980.

    URWIN, Derek W. The Community of Europe: a history of European integration since 1945. London: Longman, 1991, 1995.

    URWIN, D.W. Western Europe since 1945: a short political history. London: Longman, 1968, 1972, 1981, 1985.

    URWIN, D.W. Western Europe since 1945: a political history. London: Longman, 1989.

    URWIN, D.W. A political history of Western Europe since 1945. London: Longman, 1997.

    URWIN, D.W. and William E. PATERSON (eds.). Politics in Western Europe today: perspectives, policies and problems since 1980. London: Longman, 1990.

    VAN DER BEUGEL, Ernst H. From Marshall aid to Atlantic partnership: European integration as a concern of American foreign policy. Amsterdam; Elsevier, 1966.

    VAN DER HARST, J. Beyond teh Cusatoms Union: The European Community's Quest for Deepening, Widening and Completion, 1969-1975, Brussels: Bruylant, 2007.

    VANKE, J. Europeanism and European Union: interests, emotions and systemic integration in the early European economic community, Palo Alto: Academica Press.

    VANTHOOR, Wim. A chronological history of the European Union 1946-2001. Northampton: E. Elgar, 2002.

    VASSE, Maurice. "De Gaulle, l'Italie et le projet d'union politique européenne, 1958-1963. Chronique d'un échec annoncé." Revue d'histoire moderne et contemporaine 42, 4 (1995): 658-669.

    VIGNES, Daniel. La Communauté européenne du charbon et de l'acier; un exemple d'administration économique internationale. Paris: LGDJ, 1956.

    WALL, Irwin M. The United States and the making of postwar France. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

    WALLACE, William and I. HERREMAN (eds.). A community of twelve? The impact of further enlargement on the European communities. Bruges: De Tempel, 1978.

    WEBER, Stephen. "Origins of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development." International Organization 48, 1 (1994): 1-38.

    WEIGALL, David and Peter M.R. STIRK. The origins and development of the European community. Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1992.

    WEXLER, Imanuel. The Marshall plan revisited: the European recovery program in economic perspective. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1983.

    WILLIAMS, Allan M. The Western European economy: a geography of post-war development. Totowa: Barnes & Noble, 1987.

    WILLIS, F. Roy. The French in Germany, 1945-1949. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1962.

    WILLIS, F.R. France, Germany and the new Europe 1945-1963. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1965 and 1968.

    WILLIS, F.R. Europe in the global age, 1939 to the present. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1968.

    WILLIS, F.R. (ed.). European Integration. New York: New Viewpoints, 1975.

    WILSON, Kevin and Jan VAN DER DUSSEN (eds.). The history of the idea of Europe. London: Routledge, 1995

    YOUNG, John W. Cold War Europe 1945-1989: a political history. London: E. Arnold, 1991.

    YOUNG, J.W. Cold War Europe, 1945-1991: a political history. London: E. Arnold, 1996.

    ZORGBIBE, Charles. La construction politique de l'Europe, 1946-1976. Paris: PUF, 1978.

    ZORGBIBE, C. Histoire de la construction européenne. Paris : PUF, 2nd. Edition 1997.

    ZURCHER, Arnold J. The struggle to unite Europe, 1940-1958; an historical account of the development of the contemporary European movement from its origin in the Pan-European Union to the drafting of the treaties for Euratom and the European Common Market. New York: New York University Press, 1958; Westport: Greenwood Press, 1975.

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    4.4 Studies of actors

    BOND, Martyn, Julie SMITH and William WALLACE (eds.). Eminent Europeans: personalities who shaped contemporary Europe. London: Greycoat Press, 1996.

    BOSSUAT, Gérard. Les fondateurs de l'Europe. Paris: Belin, 1994.

    BOSSUAT, Gérard. "Jean Monnet: mesure d'une influence." Vingtième siècle: revue d'histoire 51 (1996).

    BRINKLEY, Douglas and Clifford HACKETT (ed.). Jean Monnet: The path to European Unity. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991.

    BROMBERGER, Merry and Serge BROMBERGER. Jean Monnet and the United States of Europe, New York: Coward-McCann, 1969.

    BROWN WELLS, Sherrill. Jean Monnet: unconventional statesman, Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2011.

    BRUGMANS, Henry. Prophètes et fondateurs de l'Europe: vingt-deux études. Bruges: College of Europe, 1974.

    BUGMANS, H. George C. Marshall. Lausanne: Centre de recherches européennes, 1977.

    BULLOCK, Alan. The life and times of Ernest Bevin. Vol. 3: Ernest Bevin: Foreign Secretary, 1948-1951. London: Heinemann, 1983.

    CHARMLEY, John. "Duff Cooper and Western European union, 1944-47." Review of Internatioanl Studies 11, 1 (1985): 53-64.

    DE LAPPARENT, Olivier. Raymond Aron et l'Europe. Itinéraire d'un Européen dans le siècle, Bruxelles: Peter Lang, 2010.

    DE LIGIO, Giulio. Raymond Aron, penseur de l'Europe et de la nation, Bruxelles: Peter Lang, 2012.

    DELORS, Jacques. L'unité d'un homme: entretien avec Dominique Wolton. Paris: Odile Jacob, 1994.

    DRAKE, Helen. "Political leadership and European integration: the case of Jacques Delors." West European Politics 18, 1 (1995): 140-160.

    DRAKE, H. Jacques Delors: a political biography. New York: Routledge , 2000.

    DUCHÊNE, François. Jean Monnet: the first statesman of interdependence. New York: Norton, 1994.

    DWAN, R. "Jean Monnet and the European Defence Community", Cold War History, 1, 3, 2001.

    ENDO, Ken. The Presidency of the European Commission under Jacques Delors: the politics of shared leadership New York: Palgrave 1999.

    FONTAINE, Pascal. Le Comité d'action pour les Étas-Unis d'Europe de Jean Monnet. Lausanne: Centre de recherches européennes, 1974.

    FONTAINE, P. Jean Monnet: l'inspirateur. Paris: J. Grancher, 1988.

    FONTAINE, P. Jean Monnet, a grand design for Europe. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1988.

    FONTAINE, P. Europe - a fresh start: the Schuman declaration 1950-90. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1990.

    FONTAINE, P. Le grand dessein. Lausanne: Fondation Jean Monnet por l'Europe, Centre de recherches européennes, 1997.

    FONTAINE, P. A new idea for Europe: the Schuman Declaration, 1950-2000. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2000.

    FONTAINE, P. et Jacques VAN HELMONT. Jean Monnet. Lausanne: Fondation Jean Monnet pour l'Europe, Centre de recherches européennes, 1996.

    FRAGNIÈRE, Gabriel. Walter Hallstein ou une pédagogie politique pour la fédération européenne. Bruxelles; Presses interuniversitaires européennes, 1995.

    FRANSEN, Frederic. The supranational politics of Jean Monnet: ideas and origins of the European Community, London: Greenwood Press, 2001.

    GIESBERT, Franz-Olivier. Le Président [Delors]. Paris: Seuil, 1990.

    GRANT, Charles R. Delors: inside the house that Jacques built. London: N. Brealey, 1994.

    HACKETT, Clifford (ed.). Monnet and the Americans. The father of a United Europe and his U.S. supporters, Washington DC: Jean Monnet Council, 1995.

    HANRIEDER, Wolfram F. (ed.). Helmut Schmidt, perspectives on politics. Boulder: Westview Press, 1982.

    Henri Frenay: De la Résistance à l'Europe, Paris, Secrétariat d'État aux anciens combattants, 1997.

    HORNE, Alistair. Harold Macmillan. 2 vols. London: Macmillan, 1988-1989.

    ISAACSON, Walter and Evan THOMAS. The wise men: six friends and the world they made: Acheson, Bohlen, Harriman, Kennan, Lovett, McCloy. London: Faber and Faber, 1986.

    KAJIMA, Morinosuke, Jacques DE LAUNAY, Vittorio PONS et Arnold ZURCHER. Coudenhove-Kalergi. Le pionnier de l'Europe unie. Lausanne: Centre de recherches européennes, 1971.

    LAURENT, Pierre-Henry. "Paul-Henry Spaak and the diplomatic origins of the Common Market, 1955-1956." Political Science Quarterly 3 (1970): 373-396.

    LOTH, Wilfried, William WALLACE and Wolfgang WESSELS. Walter Hallstein: the forgotten European? New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998.

    MAJONE, Giandomenico, Emile NOEL et Peter VAN DEN BOSSCHE (eds.). Jean Monnet et l'Europe d'aujourd'hui. Baden-Baden: Nomos, 1989.

    MELCHIONNI, M. G. Altiero Spinelli et Jean Monnet, Lausanne: Fondation Jean Monnet, 1993.

    MILÉSI, Gabriel. Jacques Delors. Paris: P. Belfond, 1985.

    MILZOW, Katrin. National interest and European integration: discourse and politics of Blair, Chirac and Schroeder, New York: Palgrave and Macmillan, 2012.

    PETERSON, John. "Jacques Santer: the EU's Gorbachev." ECSA Review 12, 4 (1999): 4-6.

    PETERSON, J. "Romano Prodi: another Delors?" ECSA Review 13, 1 (2000): 1, 7-8.

    PINDER, John. European unity and world order: Federal Trust 1945-1995. London: Federal Trust for Education and Research, 1996.

    PINE, M. Harold Wilson and Europe: pursuing Britain's membership of the European Community, London: IB Tayris, 2008.

    POIDEVIN, Raymond. Robert Schuman: homme d'état, 1886-1963. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1986.

    POIDEVIN, R. Robert Schuman. Paris: Beauchesne, 1988.

    POGUE, Forrest C. George C. Marshall. 4 vols. New York, Viking Press, 1963 to 1987.

    POGUE, F.C. George C. Marshall: statesman, 1945-1959. New York: Penguin Press, 1989.

    RIEBEN, Henri. Jean Monnet. Lausanne: Centre de recherches européenes, 1971.

    ROSS, George. Jacques Delors and European integration. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.

    ROUSSEL, Eric. Jean Monnet: 1888-1979. Paris: Fayard, 1996.

    RUSSELL, C. "Roy Jenkins: the end of an epoch." Contemporary Review. (1980)

    SAINT-OUEN, François. Denis de Rougemont: introduction à sa vie et son œuvre. Genève: Georg, 1995

    SAINT-OUEN, F. Les grandes figures de la construction européenne. Genève: Georg, 1997.

    SCHIRMANN, Sylvain et Sarah MOHAMED-GAILLARD. Georges Pompidou et l'Allemagne, Bruxelles: Peter Lang, 2012.

    SMETS, Paul F. La pensée européenne et atlantique de Paul-Henri Spaak: 1942-1972 (textes réunis). Bruxelles: J. Goemaere, 1980.

    SMETS, P.F. Le message de l'Europe dans les discours de Paul-Henry Spaak. Bruxelles: Fondations Paul-Henry Spaak, 1993.

    Témoignages à la mémoire de Jean Monnet, Lausanne: Fondation Jean Monnet pour l'Europe, Centre de recherches européennes, 1989.

    URI, Pierre. "Jean Monnet and the making of Europe." Contemporary European Affairs 2, 1 (1989).

    VAN HELMONT, Jacques. Jean Monnet comme il était. Lausanne: Fondation Jean Monnet pour l'Europe, Centre de recherches européennes, 1981.

    WILKENS, Andreas (sous la direction de). Willy Brandt et l'unité de l'Europe. De l'objectif de la paix aux solidarités nécessaires, Bruxelles: Peter Lang, 2011.

    WILLIS, F. Roy (ed.). De Gaulle, anachronism, realist, or prophet? New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1967; Huntington: R. E. Krieger, 1978.

    WINAND, Pascaline. Eisenhower, Kennedy and the United States of Europe. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993.

    YONDORF, Walter. "Monnet and the Action Committee: the formative years of the European Communities." International Organization 19, 4 (1965): 885-913.

    YOUNG, Hugo. The Iron Lady: a biography of Margaret Thatcher. New York: Farrar Strauss Giroux, 1989.

    YOUNG, H. One of us: a biography of Margaret Thatcher. London: Macmillan, 1989.

    YOUNG. H. and Anne SLOMAN. The Thatcher phenomenon. London: BBC, 1986.

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    4.5 Europe after Maastricht

    BAUN, Michael J. "The Maastricht Treaty as high politics: Germany, France, and European integration. Political Science Quarterly 110, 4 (1995-96).

    ----------. An imperfect union: the Maastricht treaty and the new politics of European integration. Boulder: Westview, 1996.

    BORNER, S. and H. GRUBEL. The European Community after 1992: perpsectives from the outside, Basingstoke: Ashgate, 1992.

    BOUCHARD, Lucien-Pierre. "Les quinze à la croisée des chemins: sur les formes possibles de l'Union européenne." Etudes internationales 27, 3 (septembre 1996): 485-500.

    BRENNER, Michael J. "E.C.: confidence lost." Foreign Policy 91 (Summer 1993): 24-43.

    BRITTAN, Leon. Europe: the Europe we need. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1994.

    BUITER, Willelm, Giancarlo CORSETTI and Nouriel ROUBINI. "Excessive deficits: sense and nonsense in the Treaty of Maastricht." Economic Policy 16 (1993): 58-100.

    CAFRUNY, Alan and Glenda ROSENTHAL (eds.). State of teh European Community. The Maastricht debates and beyond. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1993.

    CAFRUNY, Alan W. and Carl LANKOWSKI (eds.). Europe's ambiguous unity: conflict and consensus in the post-Maastricht era. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1997.

    CAVAZZA, Fabio Luca. "Maastricht: before, during, after." Daedalus 123, 2 (1994): 53-80.

    CHURCH, C. H. and D. PHINNEMORE. European Union and European Community: A Handbook and Commentary on the 1992 Maastricht Treaties, London: Sweet and Maxwell, 1997.

    COFFEY, Peter. The future of Europe. Brookfield: E. Elgar, 1995.

    CORBETT, Richard. "The Intergovernmental Conference on Political Union", Journal of Common Market Studies, 30 (1992): 271-298.

    DEHOUSSE, Renaud (ed.). Europe after Maastricht: an even closer union? München: LBE, 1994.

    ----------. Europe, the impossible status quo. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997.

    DEHOUSSE, Franklin, Jacques VANDAMME et Louis LE HARDŸ De BEAULIEU (eds.). Union européenne: quels défis pour l'an 2000? Emploi, union monétaire, élargissement. Bruxelles: Presses interuniversitaires européennes, 1998.

    DUFF, Andrew, John PINDER and Roy PRYCE (eds.). Maastricht and beyond: building the European Union. London: Routledge, 1994.

    DUFF, Andrew. Reforming the European Union. London: Federal Trust, 1997.

    DUVERGER, Maurice. Europe des hommes: une méthamorphose inachevée. Paris: Odile Jacob, 1994.

    ----------. L'Europe dans tous ses états. Paris, PUF, 1995.

    EICHENGREEN, Barry. Should the Maastricht treaty be saved? Princeton: International Finance Section, Department of Economics, Princeton University, 1992.

    ERSBOLL, Niels. "The European Union: the immediate priorities." International Affairs 70, 3 (1994): 413-420.

    GARRETT, Geoffrey. "The politics of Maastricht," Economic and Politics 5, 2 (1993): 105-125.

    GRIECO, Joseph, "State interests and institutional rule trajectories: a neorealist interpretation of the Maastricht treaty and European Economic and Monetary Union" in Benjamin Frankel (ed.), Realism: restatements and renewal, London: Frank Cass, 1996, pp. 261-306.

    ----------. "The Maastricht treaty, Economic and Monetary Union and the neorealist research programme," Review of International Studies 21, 1 (1995): 21-40.

    HANSCH, Klaus, "Where is Europe Heading" World Affairs: The Journal of International Issues 1, 2 (April-June 1997): 18-30.

    HEALEY, Nigel (ed.). The economics of the new Europe: from community to union. New York: Routledge, 1995.

    HENNING, C. Randall, HOCHREITER Eduard and HUFBAUER Gary Clyde (eds.). Reviving the European Union. Washington D.C.: Institute for International Economics, 1994.

    HUCHET, Bernard et Henri MALOSSE. Vers la grand Europe. Essai pour reconstruire une communauté de peuples et d'étas. Bruxelles: Bruylant, 1996.

    HURD, Rt. Hon. Douglas. "Making the union work." Studia Diplomatica 47, 2 (1994): 17-23.

    JACQUEMIN A. and David WRIGHT. The European challenge post-1992. Shaping factors, shaping actors. Aldershot: E. Elgar, 1993.

    KIELINGER, Thomas. "Waking up in the new Europe with a headache." International Affairs 66, 2 (1990): 249-264.

    KROL, Marcin. "A Europe of nations or a universalistic Europe?" International Affairs 66, 2 (1990): 285-291.

    LAFFAN, Brigid. Political union: a quantum leap forward or SEA mark II. Dublin: Centre for European Economic and Public Affairs, 1991.

    ----------- (ed.). Constitution building in the European Union. Dublin: Institute of European Affairs, 1996.

    LANGE, Peter. "Maastricht and the social protocol: why did they do it?" Politics and Society 21, 1 (1993).

    LAURSEN Finn and Sophie VANHOONACKER. The ratification of the Maastricht treaty: issues, debates and future implications. Dordrecht: M. Nijhoff, 1994.

    LAURSEN, Finn. "The Maastricht treaty: implications for the Nordic countries." Cooperation and Conflict 28, 2 (1993): 115-141.

    LAURENT, Pierre-Henry (ed.). "The European community: Maastricht and beyond." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences (January 1994)

    LAURENT, Pierre-Henry and Marc MARESCEAU (eds.). Deepening and widening. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1998.

    LAURSEN, Finn and Sophie VANHOONACKER (eds.). The intergovernmental conference on political union: institutional reforms, new policies, and international identity of the European Community. Dordrecht: M. Nijhoff Publishers, 1992.

    LE GLOANNEC, Anne-Marie. "Europe by other means." International affairs 73, 1 (1997): 83-98.

    LIPATTI, Valentin. "Reflections on a new construction of Europe." International Social Science Journal 45, 137 (1993): 415-420.

    LOUIS, Jean-Victor et Peter PRAET (eds.). L'Union européenne après Maastricht: journée d'études, Bruxelles, 21 février 1992. Bruxelles: Institu6t d'études éuropéennes, Université libre de Bruxelles, 1995.

    MARTIN, David. "Progress towards European Union: EC institutional perspectives on the intergovernmental conferences: the view of the Parliament." Aussenwirtschaft 3-4 (1991): 281-298.

    ----------. Europe: an ever closer union. Nottingham: Spokesman for European Labour Forum, 1991.

    McKAY, David. Rush to union: understanding the European federal bargain. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996.

    MONAR, Jorg, Werner UNGERER and Wolfgang WESSELS (eds.). The Maastrict treaty on European Union: legal complexity and political dynamics, Brussels: European Interuniversity Press, 1993.

    NOËL, Emile. "Future prospects for Europe." Government and opposition 30, 4 (1995): 452-468.

    O'KEEFE, David and Patrick M. TWOMEY (eds.). Legal issues of the Maastricht treaty, London: Wiley Chancery Law, 1994.

    POLITIQUE ETRANGERE 58 1 (1993), special issue devoted to "La Communauté après Maastricht"

    POUVOIRS 67 (avril 1994), special issue devoted to "Europe: de la Communauté à l'Union"

    QUERMONNE, J.L. "Trois lectures du traité de Maastricht: essai d'analyse comparative", Revue Française de Science Politique (October 1992): 802-818.

    RHODES, Carolyn and Sonia MAZEY (eds.). Building a European polity? Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1995.

    ROTHERY, Brian. What Maastricht means for business: opportunities and regulations in the EC internal market. Brookfield: Ashgate, 1993.

    TELÒ, Mario (dir.). Vers une nouvelle Europe/Towards a new Europe? Bruxelles: Editions de l'Université Libre de Bruxelles, 1992.

    TELÒ, Mario et Paul MAGNETTE (dir.). Repenser l'Europe. Bruxelles: Editions de l'Université de Bruxelles, 1996.

    TOULOUSE, Chris. "Europe after Maastricht: into the twilight zone." New Political Science 24-25 (1993): 175-191.

    TREVERTON, Gregory F. (ed.). The shape of the new Europe. New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 1992.

    WAEVER, Ole. "Three competing Europes: German, French, Russian." International Affairs 66, 3 (1990): 477-494.

    WALLACE, William. The transformation of Western Europe. New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 1990.

    WESSELS, Wolfgang. "Rationalizing Maastricht: the search for an optimal strategy of the new Europe." International Affairs 70, 3 (1994): 445-458.

    ---------- and Christian ENGELS (eds.). The European Union in the 1990s: ever closer and larger? Bonn: Europa Union Verlag, 1993.

    WISTRICH, Ernest. After 1992: the United States of Europe. New York: Routledge, 1991.

    ----------. The United States of Europe. New York: Routledge, 1994.

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    4.6 The 1996-97 IGC

    BELMONT EUROPEAN POLICY CENTRE. Challenge 96. Belmont (Belgium), 1996.

    BROWNE, Mary and Dennis KENENDY (eds.). Discussion papers on the intergovernmental conference and other European issues. Belfast: Institute of European Studies, The Queen's University of Belfast, 1996.

    CAMERON, Fraser. "The 1996 IGC - a challenge for Europe." ECSA Review 8, 2 (1995): 9-13.

    DEVUYST, Youri. "Member state preferences and the IGC." ECSA Review 8, 3 (1995): 21-26.

    ----------. "The European Union's future: a preview of the Intergovernmental Conference of 1996." Res Publica 38, 1 (1996)

    DINAN, Desmond. "The Commission, enlargement, and the IGC." ECSA Review 8, 2 (1995): 13-16.

    COFFEY, Peter. Europe--Towards 2001. Boston: Kluwer Academic, 1996.

    CROWLEY, Patrick. "EMU. Maastricht and the 1996 intergovernmental conference." Contemporary Economic Policy 14, 2 (April 1996)

    EDWARDS, Geoffrey and Alfred PIJPERS (eds.). The politics of European treaty reform: the 1996 intergovernmental conference and beyond. London: Pinter, 1997.

    Europe et conférence intergouvernementale: le tournant? Special issue of Revue politique et parlementaire 98, 981 (janvier-février 1996)

    The European Union and the 1996 IGC, Discussion Papers of the Jean Monnet Group of Experts, Centre for European Studies, University of Hull, 1996.

    HUGHES, Kirsty. "The 1996 intergovernmental conference and EU enlargement." International affairs 72, 1 (January 1996): 93-103.

    The intergovernmental conference of the European Union 1996: prosperity of the Union. Federal Trust Papers No. 7, Poole, UK: BEBC Distribution ltd., 1996.

    MATTERA, A. (dir). La Conférence intergouvernementale sur l'Union européenne: répondre aux défis du XXIe siècle. Paris: C. Juglar, 1996.

    MANIN, Philippe (dir.). La révision du traité sur l'Union européenne: perspectives et réalités. Rapport du groupe français d'étude pour la conférence intergouvernementale 1996. Paris: Pedone 1996.

    POLITIQUE ETRANGERE 61 1 (printemps 1996) special issue devoted to "L'Union européenne face à échéance de 1996".

    SOLDATOS, Panayotis (dir.). L'Union européenne dans le contexte de la conférence intergouvernementale de 1996. Montréal: Université de Montréal, 1997.

    TELÒ, Mario et Paul MAGNETTE (dir.). De Maastricht à Amsterdam: l'Europe et son nouveau traité. Bruxelles: Editions Complexe, 1998.

    WINTER, Jan, CURTIN, Deirdre, Alfred KELLERMAN, and Bruno DE WITTE (eds.). Reforming the treaty on European Union: the legal debate. The Hague: Kluwer, 1996.

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    4.7 Europe after Amsterdam

    BERTRAND, Gilles, Anna MICHALSKI and Lucio R. PENCH. European Futures: Five possible scenarios for 2010. Northampton: E. Elgar, 2000.

    CHRISTIANSEN, T. and K. E. JORGENSEN. "The Amsterdam Process: a structurationist perspective on EU treaty reform", European Integration Online Papers, 3, 1 (1999)

    CHRYSSOCHOOU, Dimitris, Michael J TSINISIZELIS, Stelios STAVRIDIS and Kostas IFANTIS. Theory and reform in the European union. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1999.

    DE LA SERRE, Françoise et Christian Lequesne (dir.). Quelle union pour quelle Europe? L'après traité d'Amsterdam. Bruxelles: Editions Complexe, 1998.

    DEVUYST, Y. "The Community-Method after Amsterdam", Journal of Common Market Studies, 37 (1999): 109-120.

    DUFF, Andrew. The Treaty of Amsterdam: text and commentary. London: Federal Trust.

    LAURSEN, Finn (ed.). The Amsterdam Treaty: national preference formation, interstate bargaining and outcome. Odense: Odense University Press.

    MONAR, Joerg and Wolfgang WESSELS (eds.). The European Union after the treaty of Amsterdam. New York: Continuum, 2000.

    MORAVCSIK, Andrew and Kalypso NICOLAIDIS. "Explainign teh Treaty of Amsterdam: interest, influence, institutions", Journal of Common Market Studies 37, 1 (1999): 59-85.

    NEUNREITHER, Karlheinz and Antje WIENER (eds.). European integration after Amsterdam: institutional dynamics and prospects for democracy. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

    PHILIPPART, E. and G. EDWARDS. "The provisions on closer co-operation in the Treaty of Amsterdam", Journal of Common Market Studies 37 (1999): 87-108.

    WESTLAKE, Martin (ed.). The European union beyond Amsterdam: concepts of European integration. London: Routledge, 1998.

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    4.8 The 2000 IGC

    BEST, Edward, Mark GREY and Alexander STUBB. Rethinking the European Union: IGC 2000 and beyond. Maastricht: EIPA, 2000.

    DINAN, Desmond and Sophie VANHOONACKER. "IGC 2000 watch: origin and preparation." ECSA Review 13, 2 (2000): 1, 20-21.

    ----------. "IGC 2000 watch: the opening round." ECSA Review 13, 3 (2000): 1, 8-9.

    -----------. "IGC 2000 watch: pre- and post-Nice." ECSA Review 13, 4 (2000): 1-2.

    ----------. "IGC 2000 watch: Long live the IGC." ECSA Review 14, 1 (2001): 1, 20-21.

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    4.9 Europe after Nice

    "Analyzing the Treaty of Nice" ECSA Review 14, 2 (2001): 1, 3-11.

    BOURLANGES, Jean-Louis. "La fin de l'Europe communautaire. Critique du traité de Nice." Commentaire 24, 95 (2001): 589-601.

    COFFEY, Peter. The Future of Europe Revisited. Northampton: E. Elgar, 2003.

    FEUS, K. (ed). The Treaty of Nice Explained, London: Federal Trust for Education and Research, 2001.

    GALLOWAY, David. The Treaty of Nice and beyond: realities and illusions of power in the EU. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001.

    LAURSEN, Finn (ed.). The Treaty of Nice. Actor preferences, bargaining and institutional choice, Biggleswade: Brill Academic Publishers, 2006.

    LEQUESNE, Christian. "Le traité de Nice et l'avenir institutionnel de l'Union européenne." La documentation française 274 (2001): 3-14.

    STUBB, Alexander. Negotiating flexibility in the European Union: Amsterdam, Nice and beyond, New York: Palgrave, 2002.

    WESSELS, Wolfgang. "Nice results: the millennium IGC in the EU's evolution" Journal of Common Market Studies 39, 2 (2001): 197-219.

    WILGA, Maciej. Nice Treaty and Candidate Countries: Poland and Institutional Reform Odense: CFES Working Paper No. 11, 2003.

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    4.10 The 'European Convention', the 2004 IGC, the 'Constitution' and the Lisbon Treaty

    AMATO, Giuliano and Jacques ZILLER. The European Constitution: cases and materials in EU and member states' law, Northampton: E. Elgar, 2007.

    CHURCH, Clive and David PHINNEMORE. Understanding the European Constitution: an introduction to the EU constitutional treaty, London: Routledge, 2005.

    DE WITTE, B. (ed.). Ten reflections on the Constitutional Treaty for Europe, Florence: EUI, 2003.

    DOBSON, Lynn and Andreas FOLLESDAL (eds.). Political Theory and the European Constitution New York: Routledge, 2004.

    ERIKSEN, E. O., J. E. FOSSUM and A. J. MENENDEZ (eds.). Developing a Constituion for Europe, London: Routledge, 2004.

    GUIRAUDON, V. et al. "Why and whither? The referendal 'nos' of Spring 2005", EUSA Review, 18, 4 (2005): 1-8.

    HUSSAIN, N. G. M. HUDSON and R. WHITMAN. Referendums on the EU Constitutional Treaty: The State of Play, London: Chatham House, BP 05/02, 2005.

    KELLER-NOELLET, Jacques and Milton GUY (with Agnieszka Bartol-Saurel). The European Constitution: its origins, negotiation and meaning, London: John Harper Publishing, 2005.

    KRZYZANOWSKI, Michal and Florian OBERHUBER. (Un)Doing Europe: discourses and practices of negotiating the EU constitution, Bern: Peter Lang, 2007.

    LAURSEN, Finn (ed.). The Making of the EU's Lisbon Treaty: the role of member states, Bruxelles: Peter Lang, 2012.

    LONGO, Michael. Constitutionalising Europe. Processes and practices, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006.

    LUZZATTO GARDNER, Anthony and Stuart E. EIZENSTAT. "New Treaty, New Influence? Europe's chance to punch its weight", Foreign Affairs, March/April 2010, pp. 104-119.

    MAGNETTE, Paul et al. "The Convention and the Future of Europe: Transatlantic Perspectives" EUSA Review 16, 4 (2003): 1-7.

    MILTON, Guy and Jacques KELLER-NOELLET. The European Constitution: its origins, negotiations and meaning, London: John Haper Publishing, 2005.

    MORAVCSIK, Andrew. "The European Constitutional Compromise", EUSA Review, 18, 2 (2005): 1-7.

    MORAVCSIK, Andrew. "What can we learn from the collapse of the European constitutional project?", Politiscge Vierteljahreschrift, 47, 2006: 219-241.

    NORMAN, Peter. The Accidental Constitution: the story of the European Convention, Brussels: EuroComment, 2003.

    NUOTIO, Kimmo (ed.). Europe in search of 'meaning and purpose', Helsinki: Forum Iuris - Faculty of Law University of Helsinki, 2004.

    PAGANETTO, Luigi (ed). The Political Economy of the European Constitution, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007.

    PHILIPPART, Eric. "The 'European Convention': anatomy of the new approach to constitution-making in the EU," EUSA Review 15, 2 (2002): 5-7.

    SCOTT, Jesse. "Listening to Europe: progress report on the European convention" EUSA Review 15, 4 (2002): 4-6.

    THORLAKSON, Lori. "Building Firewalls or Floodgates? Constitutional Design for the European Union", Journal of Common Market Studies, 44, 1 (2006): 139-160.

    VAN DER VEEN, Maurits. "If at first you don't succeed, try, try again? Prospects for referenda on the EU Constitution in France and the Netherlands", EUSA Review, 20 (2) Spring 2007: 21-24.

    WEIDENFELD, Werner. Understanding the European Constitution, Gutersloh: Verlag Bertelsmann Stiftung, 2007.

    WEILER, J. H. H. "Does Europe need a Constitution? Reflections on demos, telos, and the German Maastricht decision", European Law Journal, 1, 1995: 219-258.

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