Paper and Poster Sessions

For any session you can read the names of the presenters and the abstracts of their papers or posters by clicking on the session title.

If you know the surname of a presenter you can view his or her paper or poster abstract by clicking on the letter of the alphabet below that corresponds to the first letter in the surname.

Please Note: Session and paper/poster abstracts will be inserted into both the English and French portions of the web site in the language in which they are submitted.

Paper Sessions

Burke, Adrian L. and Lynda Gullason. Chairs: University of Montreal (Burke), Université de Montréal and School of Canadian Studies, Carleton University (Gullason).
Session: “Indigenous Historical Archaeology.”

This session will address the archaeology of indigenous lives following European contact, across Canada and the adjacent US states. We seek papers that are theoretically-informed and data-grounded. We are also interested in contributions that critically assess past and current approaches to key issues in indigenous historical archaeology. Participants should explore the particularities of this dynamic period from an interdisciplinary perspective that includes aboriginal sites, material culture, ethnohistory, environmental data, etc. While this subject has been explored in various regions of Canada and the USA, we are interested in seeing how different approaches might be brought together theoretically and applied to current data. We particularly welcome papers that address issues of agency, métissage and historical contingency.

Creese, John. Chair: University of Toronto.
Session: “Space and Society: Global Perspectives on Domestic and Community Space.”

Archaeologists have grappled with the spatial dimension of human culture since the advent of the discipline. From behaviouralist interests in activity loci, to post-processual interpretations of architecture as negotiating structures and ideologies, current research implicitly invokes various models of space as axiomatic. In spite of this, there have been relatively few methodological and theoretical discussions of space at the human and experiential scales of hearth and house, market square, or village street that explicitly address the following:

1) How intellectual and mathematical conceptions of space influence the nature of archaeological inference

2) How the spatiality of day-to-day life at household and community scales is recursively linked to wider processes of socio-cultural constitution, development and change

This session aims to contribute to self-conscious dialogue about these issues, featuring papers that explore the articulation of space and society in case studies from around the globe.

Crompton, Amanda. Chair: Department of Anthropology and Archaeology, Memorial University.
Session: “Exploring Terre Neuve: The Historical Archaeology of the French in Newfoundland.”

From the sixteenth century, Newfoundland's shores were a traditional destination for French ships and fishermen and by 1700 the French had settled Placentia Bay. The resulting archaeological sites range in scale from ephemeral seasonal fishing stations to permanent settlements. As a result, French archaeological material from Newfoundland takes many forms, and can be traced using a variety of means. This session will explore the diversity of the French experience in Newfoundland, through the examination of archaeological sites, the origins and distributions of artefacts, documentary analysis, and the analysis of the built environment. Papers will discuss the breadth of French occupation in Newfoundland, from early periods through to comparatively recent times.

De Schiffart, Nicole. Chair: McMaster University.
Session: “The Social Dimensions of Historic Canadian Cemeteries.”

The session presents current anthropological and archaeological approaches to the study of historic period cemeteries in Canada. Historic cemeteries provide great insight into the social dimensions of past communities, including kinship patterns, status differentiation, mobility, demography, and social or emotional responses to death. In addition, cemetery research can take many forms, thus lending itself well to interdisciplinary discussion and collaboration. By focusing on the social implications of cemetery studies, this session aims to demonstrate the breadth of cemetery research within Canada while providing a meaningful forum for discussion.

Ferris, Neal and Phil Woodley. Chairs: “Ontario Ministry of Culture (well until the end of June)” (Ferris), New Directions Archaeology (Woodley).
Session: “Fear and Loathing in CRM Archaeology: Tales from the Far Side.”

The rise of consultant archaeological practices, across Canada and globally, has irrevocably changed the face of archaeology. With this have come changes and experiences never before faced, the consequences of which have only… blah, blah, blah! Are you tired of well-meaning and earnest, but nevertheless tedious and self-important conference sessions talking about the horrors and hang ups of CRM archaeology? Want to approach the topic from a different tack that embraces the inherent humour in so much of what we do? If so, we welcome you to this proposed session for the CAA meetings.

While true that CRM experiences are unique, it is also true that they run the gamut of petty to surreal, and often just plain slapstick in the telling. To quote Alexei Sayle, “It’s a Funny Old World!” And through such tellings we learn much about the human foibles of archaeologists negotiating the wider worlds of business, bureaucracy, regulation and divergent interests as it loops back onto our obscure corner of society where the archaeological record is discovered, interpreted and serves as the consultant’s and bureaucrat’s daily bread and butter. So, regardless of whether you wish to provide cautionary tales, rants, gripes, insights or innovative trends, or if you simply want to complain or praise employees, colleagues, competitors, bureaucrats, clients or the public, we invite you to offer your CRM insights and experiences to this session. Our only stipulation is you must do so with humour, self-deprecation and personal perspective. And we warn you: we will insist on audience participation. So make ’em laugh… or you cry!

Hanna, Margaret G. Chair: Aboriginal History Unit, Royal Saskatchewan Museum.
Session: “Planning for the Future, or, Why does the CAA need a Strategic Plan and, More Importantly, Who is Going to do it?”

Any organization that wants to thrive must respond to the challenges that the world presents. Although that usually entails doing what it does but doing it better, it can also require the organization to alter its focus and strategies.

Strategic planning is defined as “a disciplined effort to produce fundamental decisions and actions that shape and guide what an organization is, what it does, and why it does it” (Bryson 2004:6). It involves determining where we are now, where we want to be in the future, and how we are going to get there. It requires us to challenge everything we think we know about who we are, what we do, why we do it, and whom we do it with and for. It also takes time and effort on the part of all members of an organization.

This session has two purposes. It will provide CAA members with an overview of the process involved in developing a strategic plan. It will also give members an opportunity to participate in the process through discussions of our mandates and their relevance to today’s situation, and by identifying strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and challenges.

All members are encouraged to do some homework before attending the session, either by checking the President’s message on the CAA web site for background information, or by visiting the following web sites for more information on the strategic planning process:

Planware: Developing a Strategic Plan:

Clean Washington Site:

Harvard Family Research Project:

Hodgetts, Lisa. Chair: Department of Anthropology, University of Western Ontario.
Session: “Hunter-Gatherer Bioarchaeology.”

This session takes a broad perspective on Bioarchaeology, viewing it as the use of any biological technique to study people in the past. The remains of plants and animals from archaeological sites have traditionally been used to reconstruct past environments and diets. This session represents an attempt to move beyond such questions to address issues of mobility, social organization, cultural interaction and change, spirituality, and the construction of identity among past hunter-gatherers. The papers employ a wide range of biological evidence, from food residues in cooking vessels to the remains of animals (including humans). They also employ non-biological sources of information including settlement patterns, ethnography and ethnohistory, drawing on multiple lines of evidence to better understand hunter-gatherer behaviour in the past.

Holly, Donald H. Chair: Dept. of Sociology & Anthropology, Eastern Illinois University.
Session: “Revisiting Eastern and Central Subarctic Pre/history.”

This session aims to offer a venue in which participants can assess our current understanding of the pre/historic record of the Eastern and Central Subarctic and suggest innovative avenues for research and theory building. I welcome papers that present new syntheses of the pre/historic record, address topical issues (trade, belief systems, foraging strategies, social organization), and offer critical perspectives on the current state and history of archaeology, theory, and ethnohistory in the region. I am also interested in soliciting papers that address aspects of Subarctic pre/history from different disciplinary perspectives; for example, papers that chart pre/historic population dynamics through linguistic or genetic evidence; that explore social, technological, and ideological changes resulting from early contact and interaction with Euro-Canadians or displaced native populations; and that critically assess the relationship between environmental change and culture history.

Loring, Stephen. Chair: Smithsonian Institution.
Session: “‘Don't be bossy, don't be greedy.’ -- reflections on a decade of community archaeology initiatives in Canada.”

With the publication of Nicholas and Andrews' At a Crossroads: Archaeology and First Peoples in Canada (1997) and the Indigenous Archaeology conference at Chacmool (1999) Canadian archaeology formally acknowledged a conspicuous new direction in the discipline and in the practice of archaeology for, with, and by First Nations communities. Indigenous archaeology recognizes the significance of descendant communities involvement in the production and interpretation of knowledge about their past and brings a much appreciated breath of vitality to the discipline. As more and more First Nations are becoming involved with archaeology the goals and the practice of fieldwork are evolving in innovative and more inclusive directions and interpretations of the meaning and significance of the past are promoting dramatic and innovative research.

Mills, Steve. Chair: Town of Placentia, NL.
Session: “The Historic Archaeology of survival in the New World.”

Since the beginning of European exploration, exploitation and settlement in the New World, nations competed for control of resources and territory. On a more personal level, families and small communities struggled for basic survival, while being far away from the safety of the mother country. Even when support was sent to the colonies, it was often inadequate and usually infrequent. This general session is intended to present recently investigated sites and will focus on topics relating to the basic themes of survival in the New World: settlement, subsistence, communication, defence and trade.

Neilsen, Scott. Chair: Memorial University.
Session: “After the Gouge, Before the Bullet: post-Archaic Archaeology in the eastern Subarctic and far Northeast.”

Over the last century archaeologists have made a concerted effort to understand the Native people who have inhabited northeastern North America since time immemorial. Historically, the Archaic period is the most often discussed; the post-Contact period is bolstered by traditional knowledge and documents; while the time in between — the Ceramic period, the Woodland period, the Intermediate and Recent period, the post-Archaic period, whatever — has, for the most part, been limited to sporadic descriptions of occupation features, lithic concentrations and ceramic sherds. The goal of this session is to bring together individual researchers focused on this post-Archaic period (ca. 3500 – 500 BP), in order that we may expand our collective understanding of the dynamic relationships that existed during this time in the area of the eastern Subarctic and far Northeast.

Nicholson, B. A. and Scott Hamilton. Chairs: Brandon University (Nicholson), Lakehead University (Hamilton).
Session: “West of Wawa: The Boreal Forest, Parklands and Prairies of Western Canada.”

It is the intention in this session to provide a venue for researchers working in the boreal forest, parklands and prairies of western Canada and adjacent areas in the United States. Research has shown that precontact groups residing in these large regional biomes have moved freely between these regions throughout the precontact period and in some cases maintained linkages across time and space. Papers with an interdisciplinary focus are encouraged, as well as the results of research by individuals in archaeology and cognate disciplines.

Reimer/Yumks, Rudy. Chair: McMaster University/Squamish Nation.
Session: “Exploring Western Taskscapes.”

A diverse range of past cultural activities are represented in the archaeological record of western Canada. As people went about their day-to-day tasks they produced a distinct set of material traces, including artifacts, food refuse, sites, and cultural landscapes, as well as more intangible practices, beliefs and oral traditions. In attempting to pick up the thread of these traces and practices archaeologists become entangled in complex struggles over the interpretation and preservation of an ambiguous material record. This session offers new insights into how we have come to recognize the tasks people conducted in western Canada in the past, and the management strategies that have been formulated to stabilize relations with the archaeological record in the present.

Renouf, M.A.P. and Patricia Wells. Chairs: Memorial University.
Session: “Small Scale Societies of the North Atlantic.”

The North Atlantic has been home to a culturally and temporally wide range of societies for thousands of years. In all areas, characteristic climate and resource regimes present similar opportunities and challenges to human communities. Change is a constant – in climate, weather and the human environment. The medium of the sea presents challenges to transportation, mobility and cultural construction. Therefore the sustainability of North Atlantic societies is remarkable, linked to their small scale and their flexibility in the face of change. This session will present new research on the historic and precontact archaeology of the North Atlantic rim. It is not limited by theme or methodology but will bring together comparative information on this culturally and climatically dynamic region.

Symonds, Leigh and Jennifer Campbell. Chairs: Trent University (Symonds), University of Toronto (Campbell).
Session: “Global Perspectives in Archaeology.”

After such excellent sessions on Canadian Archaeology Abroad at last year's CAA in Toronto (many thanks to Heather Miller and Mathew Mosher), we thought we would continue the tradition by offering a combined session on Global Perspectives in Archaeology with two sub-groups. The first group is an open session focusing on archaeology being done by Canadian archaeologists around the world. The second group session will focus on a specific theme: Place and Identity. It will explore how place and identity are structured through ethnicity, gender, architecture, monumentality and material culture practices. This was a popular topic in last years session and we thought to highlight its importance in archaeological discourse.

If any one is interested in participating in the combined session in Global Perspectives in Archaeology please e-mail Leigh Symonds ( or Jennifer Campbell ( If you could respond by the end of January we would appreciate advance notice of your interest. Many thanks and we look forward to hearing from you.

Tuck, James A. Chair: Department of Anthropology and Archaeology, Memorial University.
Session: “A Glimpse of the Archaeology of Ferryland.”

Archaeology in Ferryland, Newfoundland, will enter its sixteenth consecutive year in 2007. This session, which is open to the public as well as members of the Canadian Archaeological Association, contains four presentations which discuss: the archaeology of Ferryland from earliest times to 1638, when Lord Baltimore's settlement of Avalon was appropriated by Sir David Kirke and his family; the Kirkes' Pool Plantation which flourished until it was destroyed by the French in the fall of 1696; food refuse from the seventeenth century that provide evidence of the subsistence practices of the early European residents; and the coinage found at Ferryland that is shedding new light on colonial coinage in what is now Canada.

Wells, Patricia J. and M.A.P. Renouf. Chairs: Memorial University.
Session: “Current Research in Arctic Archaeology.”

The aim of this session is to present current research results from topics in Arctic archaeology. Participants are invited to report on a broad range of issues, particularly those that address social organization, contact and colonization. Archaeologists working in the Arctic are increasingly involved in interdisciplinary research projects involving for instance, geography, climatology, and zoology. The results of these collaborations are encouraged as presentation topics.

Whitridge, Peter. Chair: Department of Anthropology and Archaeology, Memorial University.
Session: “What’s Up Down North: Reimagining Arctic Archaeology.”

The North American Arctic has experienced a tremendous surge in archaeological research, as the logistical infrastructure bounces back from years of bureaucratic neglect. Now with the dawning recognition of global warming, the Arctic has become something of an international obsession. Archaeologists have benefited enormously from this swing in priorities, and have restarted research on a host of issues that reflect both wider societal concerns and contemporary methodological and theoretical interests. This session provides a snapshot of this new generation of northern archaeology.

Woollett, Jim. and Peter Whitridge. Chairs: Département d’histoire, Université Laval (Woollett), Department of Anthropology and Archaeology, Memorial University (Whitridge).
Session: “Inuit Archaeology Roundtable: Consultation and collaboration between communities, parks, heritage institutions and researchers.”

Since the 1980’s, archaeology in the Canadian North has been formalised through the strengthening of administrative bodies and through the professional and practical growth of the discipline. Recent political developments (such as the ratification and implementation of the Nunasiavut land claim and Government, the creation of the Torngat Mountains National Park Reserve and the Nunavik Inuit Land Claims Agreement) create particular challenges for the planning and administration of scientific projects in the region, including archaeology. Nevertheless, this new administrative landscape also provides opportunities to reinforce the role of archaeology as a useful approach to understanding the past with contemporary relevance in northern communities. This workshop is intended to be a practical discussion between members of Inuit communities, Inuit cultural program administrators, Parks Canada and governmental heritage resource managers and archaeological researchers, professionals and students. Its ultimate goal is to develop a better understanding of new and proposed regulatory policies and their impacts on archaeological research at all levels, and to explore how policies and practices might be constructed that encourage more effective collaborations between communities, governmental agencies and archaeological researchers.

Poster Session

[No Chair]

Poster Session:

Space will be provided to display posters or displays relating to current research, or any topics of relevance to Canadian archaeology. To reserve space in the poster session submit an abstract as you would for a paper.

Updated March 09, 2007