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Kindergarten to Grade Six Curriculum Objectives

Provincial science curriculum objectives as they pertain to programs covered at MUN Botanical Garden.

Kindergarten

  • Demonstrate curiosity about and interest in the natural world 
  • Demonstrate an appreciation of the patterns and the diversity of the natural world (i.e. patterns in a leaf)
  •  Demonstrate a positive attitude about the environment (understand the effect that humans may have on habitats and the plants and animals that live in them) 
  • Observe characteristics, similarities, differences and changes that occur in the natural world (i.e. plants and animals)
  •  Classify materials such as leaves according to size and colour 
  • Understand the needs of living things (i.e. plants and animals require five major components to survive: shelter, air, food, space and water) 
  • Demonstrate an understanding of caring for living things (i.e. plants and animals) 
  • Categorize and understand the characteristics of different kinds of living things (i.e. birds, mammals, plants) 
  • Understand the food comes from plants and animals 
  • Recognize and understand some of the effects of weather (i.e. how it affects people, plants and animals – seasonal changes)

Grade One

  • Ability to look for and identify animal tracks
  • Identify the characteristics of a fruit (pumpkin / apple) 
  • Use senses to investigate and describe the environment and to gather information (listening game) 
  • Observe changes in a living creature 
  • Discuss why water and light are important for plant growth Identify changes brought about by growth 
  • Learn how to classify leaves according to size, shape and color 
  • Look at the similarities and differences between individuals 
  • Discuss how fruits grow 
  • Observation of seeds germinating 
  • Compare and measure plant growth Identify the signs of the seasons 
  • Investigate how weather and the seasons affect animals and birds (hibernation and migration) 
  • Explore pond ecosystems

Grade Two

  • Adopt a neighbourhood tree, observe and record characteristics of selected trees 
  • Measure parts of a tree using standard and non-standard methods
  • Study bark and growth rings (use tree cookies) 
  • Discover elements for healthy plant and animal growth 
  • Classify seeds according to similarities and differences Identify native animals and their habitat in the wild 
  • Discuss conservation of trees and other natural resources 
  • Observe the different stages of seed growth 
  • Observe seasonal changes in trees 
  • Examine buds for signs of tree growth 
  • Examine soils for best growing conditions

Grade Three

  • Observe living things in their natural habitats (spiders, insects, birds, and trees) 
  • Discover that similar organisms live in similar environments 
  • Explore different habitats for tree growth Investigate the life cycles of creatures such as earthworms, caterpillars, wasps, and frogs 
  • Compare natural and human-made environments 
  • Investigate how living things adapt to changing situations 
  • Compare, observe and feel different types of soil

Grade Four

  • Distinguish between plants and animals 
  • Examine different parts of the plant (roots, stems, leaves) 
  • Become familiar with the aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems 
  • Understand how adaptations may help an organism in one environment and hinder it in another 
  • Understand that organisms affect and are affected by their environment 
  • Understand the term habitat as an environment in which an organism lives 
  • Know the basic requirements for any habitat type (food, shelter, water, and space)
  • Examine a number of plant and animal habitats 
  • Examine the interrelationships among organisms in an ecosystem (food chains, food webs, and human impact) 
  • Discuss succession, population change (change as a natural process) 
  • Understand how photosynthesis work (captures energy) 
  • Understand respiration in plants

Grade Five

  • Examine a classification system and the value of a system 
  • Discuss aquatic and terrestrial environments 
  • Discuss how living things depend on each other for food energy 
  • Discuss how organisms are affected by their environment 
  • Examine adaptations which help organisms in one environment while hindering it in another 
  • Examine traits as they are passed on to offspring 
  • Discussion of reproduction in plants and animals (sexual and asexual)

Grade Six

  • Discuss aquatic and terrestrial environments 
  • Discuss how living things depend on each other for food energy 
  • Understand interrelationships among organisms in an ecosystem by examining food chains, food webs, and human impact on the environment 
  • Discuss how organisms are affected by their environment 
  • Examine adaptations which help organisms in one environment while hindering it in another 
  • Understand succession, population change (conclude that change is a natural process in natural communities
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