Gregor Mendel (1822-1884)
Johann Mendel was born on 20
July 1822 in Heinzendorf, Silesia, at the time a part of the
He entered the Augustinian Abbey of St. Thomas in Brünn (now Brno
in the Czech Republic) in 1843, where
he took the religious name Gregor,
was ordained as a priest in 1847. He
studied science at the University of Vienna, and although he failed to
pass his final examinations, he nonetheless was allowed to return to
where he taught high school physics. His students universally
praised his qualities as a teacher.
performed a number of breeding experiments with bees, mice, and plants.
The results of his research on peas were presented publically and
published as "Experiments on Plant
in 1866 in the Proceedings of the
Natural History Society of Brno, a
well-known scientific journal. His work made no impact, and remained
essentially unknown until its
simultaneous rediscovery in 1900 by three independent workers, one of
duplicated his experimental results. Mendel is now recognized as the "Father of Genetics."
elected Abbot in 1868, at which point his experimental work was sharply
curtailed. He died on 06 January 1884 from a chronic kidney condition,
exacerbated by the burden
of his administrative duties.
Griffiths et al;. all text
©2010 by Steven M. Carr