Pedigree Analysis of Genetic Marker co-occurence
The pedigree in (A) shows the co-occurence
of a disease phenotype [filled symbols] with genetic
variation at locus M starting with an affected
woman in the first generation. The occurence of the
disease in each of three successive generations suggests
autosomal dominant inheritance: only one allele
is required to produce the condition, and the condition
is more or less equally frequent in males and females.
Genotyping of the mother shows she is heterozygous
for two alleles (M1/M2).
The analysis in (B) tests two
alternative hypothesis, that either allele M1 or
M2 is genetically linked to the disease state
(Hypotheses 1 and 2, respectively).Three offspring with
M1 are affected, and two of three children with
M2 are unaffected while the third is affected. Hypothesis
1 best explains the distribution, if a single
recombination event has unlinked the M1 marker
from the disease phenotype (RF = 1/6 = 0.167].
Hypothesis 2 would require five such events
In part (C), Hypothesis 1 means that
the deceased maternal grandmother would be expected to
have had allele M1, concordant with her disease
state.Genetic analysis of tissue on decades-old biopsy
slides can identify the presence of absence of the M1
allele. In the example, the woman is heterozygous
for M1. Genotyping the M locus
may be useful in predicting occurence of the disease in
other family members.