Giemsa banding

    Giemsa staining of acid-denatured chromosomes reveals characteristic banding patterns that can be used to identify individual chromosomes. The G-banding pattern of human chromosomes links classical cytogenetics to genomics by assigning sets of genes to particular band. Darkly-staining bands are described as heterochromatic, and correlate to genetically inactive chromosomal regions; lightly-staining areas are euchromatic and are associated with active regions.

All text material 2013 by Steven M. Carr