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Giemsa banding


    Giemsa staining of acid-denatured chromosomes reveals characteristic banding patterns that can be used to identify individual chromosomes. The G-banding pattern of human chromosomes links classical cytogenetics to genomics by assigning sets of genes to particular band. Darkly-staining bands are described as heterochromatic, and correlate to genetically inactive chromosomal regions; lightly-staining areas are euchromatic and are associated with active regions.


All text material 2013 by Steven M. Carr