Charles Robert Darwin (1809 -1882) "The Father of Evolution"
Darwin first achieved notice with his "Journal
of Researches into the Geology and Natural History of the Various Countries
Visited by H.M.S. Beagle " (excerpted as "Voyage of the Beagle"), 1839), and subsequently wrote many influentical books on evolutionary
topics. He is best known "On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural
Selection or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life"
(1859; six editions through 1881) and "The Descent of Man, and
Selection in Relation to Sex" (1871)