5'-ttc ggc tct ctg
cta gga att tgc tta atc cta caa aat
Deer F G S L L G I C L I L Q N L T
Caribou 5'-ttt ggc tct cta cta gga
atc tgc tta att
cta caa atc ctt acc-3'
F G S L L G I C L I L Q I L T
tgc tta atc tta caa atc ctt aca-3'
F G S L L G V C L I L Q I L T
[ The sense strand is shown. Amino acids are in the single-letter code: the mtDNA genetic code differs from the "universal" code. ]
Interchanges of pyrimidine (c t)
or purine (a g)
bases are transitions
Exchanges of pyrimidine for purine (pyr pur) bases are transversions (Tv)
third-position polymorphisms in all sequences:
note more complex pattern at last position ( a c t)
Note second-position transversion (t a) in the Mule Deer, resulting in an isoleucine asparagine (I N) substitution.
transition (a g)
in the Moose, resulting in an isoleucine
valine (I V)
Note synonymous first-position pyrimidine transitions in leu (L) codons of Moose